Produced Water | Session VI - Tyler Algeo


Published on

Water Treatment Market Opportunities in Unconventional Oil & Gas

Published in: Education
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Company HistoryMy backgroundBiochemist, worked in industry, operated pilot plants, always involved in start-ups and new technologies.Worked as a consultant doing process design, tendering, with technology companies and with industryStarted O2 Environmental in May 2005. Re-located in Ireland in May 2009. First BlueTech Forum 2010. Launched BlueTech Research July 2011. Currently have a team of 8 people. 3rd Annual BlueTech Forum in May 2012.
  • emulsified oil droplets behave like particles and are rejected by the membrane.Chemically-stabilized emulsions can be removed using membranes but a physically stabilised emulsion will show a tendency to form an oil film if left standing or under pressure, and should be regarded as containing free oil
  • Produced Water | Session VI - Tyler Algeo

    1. 1. Water Treatment Market Opportunities in Unconventional Oil & Gas Tyler Algeo, Senior Research Analyst, Head of Unconventional Fossil Fuel and Water 1
    2. 2. O2 Environmental Overview O2 Environmental (Consultancy) BlueTech Research (Intelligence Service) BlueTech Forum (Annual Conference) May 14th, 2013 Amsterdam, The Netherlands O2 Technology Assessment Group (TAG)
    3. 3. The BlueTech Research Team at the 2013 BlueTech Forum Our scientists and engineers are experts in water technologies and the global water market.
    4. 4. Office Locations North AmericaEurope Asia (planned 2014)
    5. 5. What we do Actionable Water Market Intelligence & Strategic Support  BlueTech Innovation Tracker  Company Reports  Monthly Intelligence Briefings  Insight Reports on Markets & Technologies  Webinars on Hot Topics  Analyst Access • Strategic Support • Commercialization Support • Acquisitions Pipeline Support • Investment Due Diligence • Business Development • Custom Research • Market Intelligence
    6. 6. Four Core Practice Areas  Water Re-use and Alternative Water Sources  Unconventional Fossil Fuels and Water  Energy and Resource Recovery  Smart Water
    7. 7. What Clients Use our Service for  Identify new market opportunities and areas for growth  Competitor Analysis & Technology Analysis  Analyzing water technology patent trends and identifying water technology licensing, investment and acquisition opportunities  Other Benefits: – Educational tool for engineers and scientists in the organization – Identification of strategic partners – Support in identifying R&D directions, and unique solutions for client problems
    8. 8. Shale Gas in Context Gas Source 0% Conventional 56% Tight 10% Shale 28% Coalbed 6% Other 44% Remaining technically recoverable natural gas resources by type, end-2011 Source:
    9. 9. What is produced water from shale gas? Typical depth >3,000ft (914m) Frack Fluids Flowback, mostly Frack Fluid Produced Water – formation water and Frack Fluids Initial Fracking up to a few weeks (large volumes) Ongoing Produced Water (small volumes) Flowback Ongoing Produced Water
    10. 10. Produced Water Volumes Over TimeProductionRate Producing Time (up to a month) Water Shale Gas
    11. 11. By mass the primary contaminant is Salt 1 10 100 1000 10000 100000 1000000 TypicalConcnetrationRange(mg/L) Contaminant
    12. 12. Technology Trends TSS Electrocoagulation Sock Filter Clarifier Oil & Grease Dissolved Air Floatation Induced Air Floatation Walnut Filter Bacteria Chlorine disinfection UV disinfection Ozone disinfection Primary treatment technologies are mostly generic Metals (Ba, Sr) Chemical Precipitation (Sodium- Sulfate, Lime, etc.) Ozone Electrocoagulation Hardness Lime and soda ash Iron (Fe) Precipitation with NaOH Sulfate Precipitation with BaChloride Membrane (Nanofiltration)
    13. 13. Proprietary technologies tend to be desalination technologies Reverse Osmosis Evaporator Crystallizer < 45,000 ppm 45,000 – 120,000 ppm 120,000 – 300,000ppm Technology Used TDS Concentration Primary Treatment Only 50% Primary and Desalination Treatment 21% Desalination Treatment Only 29%
    14. 14. Key Market Trends in Shale Gas Produced Water Treatment • The route to market is through Oil & Gas Service Providers • Disposal of Produced Water is dominated by ‘truck and haul’ to disposal wells • On-site reuse for fracking instead of treatment for discharge is resulting in reduced treatment requirements – Reuse driven by challenges in both disposal of Produced Water and in sourcing fresh water for fracking • Innovative water treatment technologies in the shale gas produced water space tend to be thermal treatment technologies and some membranes
    15. 15. Water Treatment in the Alberta Oil Sands 15
    16. 16. In-Situ or Mining Depends on Depth of Overburden Photo Source: University of Alberta
    17. 17. InSitu Oil Sands Production  Cyclic Steam Stimulation (CSS)  Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD)
    18. 18. Produced Water Treatment (Deoiling) Skim Tank Induced Gas Flotation Depth Filter Water Treatment (Conventional) Warm Lime Softening (WLS) Depth Filter Weak Acid Cation Softener Water Treatment (Alternative) Evaporator OTSG Steam GenerationMakeup Water SAGD Treatment Train Options DRUM Boiler Steam Generation
    19. 19. Trends in Water Treatment Technologies in the Oil Sands Mining Steam Extraction Once Through Steam Generators Conventional Treatment (WLS, Filter, WAC) In-Situ Research into non-water based extraction methods DRUM Boilers Use of Evaporators
    20. 20. Key Market Trends in Oil Sands Produced Water Treatment • The primary route to market for treatment equipment is through selling to E&P. – Extraction is a water based process – any setback in water treatment is lost oil production • The industry is interested in robust technologies that are simple, have a small footprint, and are modular. – New technologies must be proven through extensive piloting – Primarily targeting oil removal (as well as silica, hardness, and dissolved organics) • Innovative water treatment technologies in the oil sands tend to be thermal treatment technologies and some membranes
    21. 21. Research into Alternative Treatment Trains  Veolia CeraMem has been piloting Ceramic Membranes  COSIA has been piloting Ceramic Membranes  Testing of membranes as pre-treatment for RO Pre-Treatment Reverse Osmosis Steam Generator Evaporator 100% 75% 25% 25%
    22. 22. Evaporative and Membrane Technologies 22
    23. 23. Ceramic Membranes in Water and Wastewater are Predominantly Monoliths/Multichannel Elements Ceramic Membrane Materials in order of Prevalence - Al2O3 Alpha- Alumina TiO2 Titania SiC Silicon Carbide ZrO2 Zirconia SiO2 Silica ɣ - Al2O3 Gama - Alumina
    24. 24. Ceramic Membrane Advantages to Oil and Gas Industry Robust High Effluent Quality Simple Process Modular Ability to handle high temperature and pressure Can feed advanced treatment (RO, IX, Evap) Reduced number of unit processes, footprint Reduced Installation cost, easy expansion, suitable for offshore
    25. 25. Companies offering or piloting Ceramic Membranes for the Oil and Gas Industry  Veolia CeraMem (SiC)  LiqTech (SiC)  Hyflux (alumina)  Purifics (SiC)  KSM Water (Alumina) (formerly 3C Membranes)  Meidensha (alumina)
    26. 26. Desalination Technologies  Most evaporative technologies appear to be based on Mechanical Vapor Recompression  Alternative desalination technologies include: – Membrane Distillation – Electro-chemical – Humidification-Dehumidification
    27. 27. Examples of Early Stage ZLD Companies in the BlueTech Research Innovation Tracker Company Technology Type Development Stage Memsys Clearwater Membrane Distillation Commercial Altela Humidification- Dehumidification Demonstration Scale Saltworks Technologies Humidification- Dehumidification Demonstration Scale Saltworks Technologies Electro-Chemical Demonstration Scale Atlantis Electro-Chemical Pilot Scale
    28. 28. Thank you! 28