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  • 1. Produced Water: Boiling Down The Issues Sebree & Tintera, LLC. 1611 West Ave, Austin, Texas 78701 Suite 300 John Tintera P.G. #325 johnjamestintera@gmail.com
  • 2. Conundrum: A paradoxical, insoluble, or difficult problem; a dilemma  How do you determine the Cost vs. Benefit ...  When the Perception and Facts are in dispute?
  • 3. Perception vs Fact Let’s look at the Perception, or Conventional Wisdom of the main three groups regarding PW:  Public  Industry  Regulators
  • 4. God Bless America Texas
  • 5. Texas Production  400,000,000 BO per year  8 TCF Gas per year  450,000 existing wellbores  Over 1,000,000 wells drilled since early 1900’s.  20,000 directional wells hydrofractured  No “proven” groundwater contamination from hydrofracturing
  • 6. PW: The Issues & Arguments Science – Legal - Policy  Hydrologic Cycle/Climate Change  Infrastructure  Seismic Risk  Sinkholes and subsidence  Cleanup/Toxicity  Eminent Domain  State vs. Federal vs. Local Authority  RCRA and the Regulatory Framework  Surface Estate vs. Mineral Ownership  Over -regulation vs. Under- regulation  Politics
  • 7. Hydrologic Cycle Perception: once fresh water is converted to frac fluid, flowed back as produced water, and disposed of, it is gone forever.
  • 8. Climate Change perception : produced water is a by-product of dirty energy
  • 9. Infrastructure; Roads & Haulers (perception: PW is poorly managed)
  • 10. Seismic
  • 11. Sinkholes and Subsidence perception: removing fluids like produced water from under the ground causes subsidence, pumping fluids back underground causes sinkholes
  • 12. Cleanup: How Toxic is Produced Water & Who Pays?
  • 13. Eminent Domain: politicians and regulators can’t ignore this...
  • 14. Federal vs. State vs. Local Authority “Can’t we all just get along?”
  • 15. RCRA & and the Regulatory Framework The Holy Grail
  • 16. Surface Estate vs. Mineral Ownership Hard boiled issue #1, serious disconnect between groups. This is a global concern.
  • 17. Over -regulation vs. Under- regulation: Hard boiled issue #2, “to kill or not to kill, that is the question”
  • 18. Politics & Polarization: Hard boiled issue #3, A World-wide phenomenon that can not be solved solely by science.
  • 19. 1 + 2 = 3  If you don’t solve #1 (surface vs. mineral, or “who benefits?”),  And you can’t solve #2 (the “over-under” of good regulation),  You get problem #3 (political problems that require a political solution).
  • 20. Produced Water: Boiling Down The Issues Sebree & Tintera, LLC. 1611 West Ave, Austin, Texas 78701 Suite 300 John Tintera P.G. #325 johnjamestintera@gmail.com