Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies: Presentation by the US Dept of Energy Office of Clean Coal
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Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies: Presentation by the US Dept of Energy Office of Clean Coal

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Key Issues in Ensuring Access to Energy, Protecting Energy Security, and Enhancing Environmental Performance

Key Issues in Ensuring Access to Energy, Protecting Energy Security, and Enhancing Environmental Performance

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Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies: Presentation by the US Dept of Energy Office of Clean Coal Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies: Presentation by the US Dept of Energy Office of Clean Coal Presentation Transcript

  • Dr. Darren Mollot September 2013 Clean Coal – CCS RD&D Overview Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary Office of Clean Coal
  • 2 Office of Fossil Energy Office of Clean Coal Vision & Mission A SECURE, RELIABLE AND AFFORDABLE ENERGY FUTURE WITH THE ENVIRONMENTALLY SOUND USE OF COAL AND FOSSIL FUELS VISION SUPPORT THE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT & DEMONSTRATION OF ADVANCED TECHNOLOGIES TO ENSURE THE AVAILABILITY OF CLEAN, AFFORDABLE ENERGY FROM COAL AND FOSSIL RESOURCES MISSION
  • 3 Office of Fossil Energy Office of Clean Coal - Goals GOALS GOAL 1: DEMONSTRATE NEAR-ZERO EMISSION FOSSIL-BASED TECHNOLOGIES GOAL 2: ACCEPTANCE BY INDUSTRY, FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS, REGULATORS AND THE PUBLIC THAT CO2 CAN BE SAFELY INJECTED, MONITORED AND PERMANENTLY STORED IN A VARIETY OF GEOLOGIC FORMATIONS GOAL 3: CONDUCT HIGH-RISK, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ON ADVANCED COAL AND FOSSIL TECHNOLOGIES INCLUDING CO2 CAPTURE AND NOVEL HIGH EFFICIENCY CYCLES GOAL 4: DRIVE INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION TO ENSURE WIDE-SPREAD ACCEPTANCE AND DEPLOYMENT OF CCS TECHNOLOGIES GOAL 5: SUPPORT POLICY, LEGISLATION, AND REGULATION IMPACTING FOSSIL ENERGY BY PROVIDE DATA AND EXPERTISE
  • 4 What Role Will Fossil Play
  • 5 World Coal Production China – U.S.A – India – Australia - Indonesia 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 BillionShortTons World Coal Production China U.S.A India Australia Indonesia World Data from U.S. Energy Information Administration
  • 6 0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 2010 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 MillionShortTons World Coal Consumption India United States China World total Data from U.S. Energy Information Administration World Coal Consumption China – India – United States
  • 7 U.S. Electricity Generation Historical Perspective 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 BillionkWh U.S. Electricity Generation Coal Petroleum Natural Gas Nuclear Renwables Total Data from U.S. Energy Information Administration
  • 8 U.S. Electricity Generation Future Projections 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 BillionkWh Electricity Generation Coal Natural Gas Total U.S. Generation Petroleum Nuclear Renewables Data from U.S. Energy Information Administration - 2013
  • 9 Meeting global climate mitigation targets will likely require CCS IEA’s Energy Technology Perspectives: GigatonsofCO2 Source: International Energy Agency
  • 10 Opportunities for Large Scale Projects
  • 11 Advanced Combustion CO2 StorageAdvanced CO2 Capture and Compression  Solvents  Sorbents  Membranes  Hybrid  Process Intensification  Cryogenic Capture  Pressurized  O2 membrane  Chemical looping  USC Materials  Carbon Utilization (EOR)  Infrastructure (RCSPs)  Geological Storage  Monitoring, Verification and Accounting  Gasification  Turbines  Supercritical CO2  Direct Power Extraction Integrated Fossil Energy Solutions Efficiencies > 45% i Capital Cost by 50% $40 - $10/tonne CO2 Captured Near-zero GHGs Near-zero criteria pollutants Near-zero water usage Advanced Energy Systems 5 MWE Oxycombustion Pilot Advanced Turbines
  • 12 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% PowerGenerationPenalty[%ofPlantOutput] Capture Technology Progress Performance Drives Cost Then (1997) Now (2013) Future (2020) ~ $150/Tonne ~ $60/Tonne < $40/Tonne Energy Penalty Reductions Enable Cost Reductions
  • 13 Creating a Bridge to Affordable CCS Technology
  • 14 MAJOR DEMONSTRATIONS
  • 15 Major CCS Demonstration Projects Project Locations & Cost Share CCPI ICCS Area 1 FutureGen 2.0 Southern Company Kemper County IGCC Project Transport Gasifier w/ Carbon Capture ~$2.01B – Total, $270M – -DOE EOR – ~3.0 MM TPY 2014 start NRG W.A. Parish Generating Station Post Combustion CO2 Capture $775 M – Total $167M – DOE EOR – ~1.4 MM TPY 2016 start Summit TX Clean Energy Commercial Demo of Advanced IGCC w/ Full Carbon Capture ~$1.7B – Total, $450M – DOE EOR – ~2.2 MMTPY 2017 start HECA Commercial Demo of Advanced IGCC w/ Full Carbon Capture ~$4B – Total, $408M – DOE EOR – ~2.6 MM TPY 2019 start Leucadia Energy CO2 Capture from Methanol Plant EOR in Eastern TX Oilfields $436M - Total, $261M – DOE EOR – ~4.5 MM TPY 2017 start Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. CO2 Capture from Steam Methane Reformers EOR in Eastern TX Oilfields $431M – Total, $284M – DOE EOR – ~0.93 MM TPY 2012 start FutureGen 2.0 Large-scale Testing of Oxy-Combustion w/ CO2 Capture and Sequestration in Saline Formation Project: ~$1.77B – Total; ~$1.05B – DOE SALINE – 1 MM TPY 2017 start Archer Daniels Midland CO2 Capture from Ethanol Plant CO2 Stored in Saline Reservoir $208M – Total, $141M – DOE SALINE – ~0.9 MM TPY 2014 start
  • 16 • 8 active projects • 1 in operation, 2 under construction, 5 in engineering/finance • 5 electricity generation, 3 industrial • 3 IGCC, 4 post-processing, 1 oxycombustion • Feedstock: 4 coal, 1 petroleum coke, 1 coal/coke, 1 natural gas, 1 ethanol • 2 polygeneration • Storage: 6 EOR, 2 saline formations Major CCS Demonstration Projects
  • 17 • 8 active projects • 1 in operation, 2 under construction, 5 in engineering/finance • 5 electricity generation, 3 industrial • 3 IGCC, 4 post-processing, 1 oxycombustion • Feedstock: 4 coal, 1 petroleum coke, 1 coal/coke, 1 natural gas, 1 ethanol • 2 polygeneration • Storage: 6 EOR, 2 saline formations Major CCS Demonstration Projects
  • 18 Projects CCPI ICCS Area 1 FutureGen 2.0 Major CCS Demonstration Projects Project Locations & Cost Share Southern Company Kemper County IGCC Project IGCC-Transport Gasifier w/Carbon Capture ~$2.0B – Total CCPI project $270M – DOE EOR – ~3M MTPY 2014 start NRG W.A. Parish Generating Station Post Combustion CO2 Capture $775 M (est.) – Total $167M – DOE EOR – ~1.4M MTPY 2016 start Summit TX Clean Energy Commercial Demo of Advanced IGCC w/ Full Carbon Capture ~$1.7B – Total $450M – DOE EOR – ~2.2M MTPY 2017 start HECA Commercial Demo of Advanced IGCC w/ Full Carbon Capture ~$4B – Total, $408M – DOE EOR – ~2.6M MTPY 2019 start Leucadia Energy CO2 Capture from Methanol/H2 Plant EOR in TX & LA Oilfields $436M - Total, $261M – DOE EOR – ~4.5M MTPY 2017 start Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. CO2 Capture from Steam Methane Reformers EOR in Eastern TX Oilfields $431M – Total, $284M – DOE EOR – ~0.93M MTPY 2012 start FutureGen 2.0 Large-scale Testing of Oxy-Combustion w/ CO2 Capture and Sequestration in Saline Formation Project: ~$1.77B – Total; ~$1.05B – DOE SALINE – 1M MTPY 2017 start Archer Daniels Midland CO2 Capture from Ethanol Plant CO2 Stored in Saline Reservoir $208M – Total, $141M – DOE SALINE – ~0.9M MTPY 2014 start
  • 19 Southern Company Services, Inc. CCPI-2 Advanced IGCC with CO2 Capture Status  Plant construction >60% complete; >5,400 construction personnel on site  CO2 off-take agreements signed  Lignite mine under development  Subsystems (water treatment, cooling towers) to begin pre-commissioning  Combustion turbine startup: Sep 2013  Gasifier heat-up: Dec 2013 Key Dates  Project Awarded: Jan 30, 2006  Project moved to MS: Dec 5, 2008  NEPA Record of Decision: Aug 19, 2010  Initiate excavation work: Sep 27, 2010  Operations: May 2014 • Kemper County, MS • 582 MWe (net) with duct firing; 2 TRIGTM gasifiers, 2 Siemens combustion turbines, 1 Toshiba steam turbine • Fuel: Mississippi lignite • 67+% CO2 capture (Selexol® process); 3,000,000 tons CO2/year • EOR: Denbury Onshore LLC, Treetop Midstream Services LLC
  • 20 Lessons Learned
  • 21 BIG SKY WESTCARB SWP PCOR MGSC SECARB MRCSP Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Developing the Infrastructure for Wide Scale Deployment Seven Regional Partnerships 400+ distinct organizations, 43 states, 4 Canadian Provinces • Engage regional, state, and local governments • Determine regional sequestration benefits • Baseline region for sources and sinks • Establish monitoring and verification protocols • Address regulatory, environmental, and outreach issues • Validate sequestration technology and infrastructure Development Phase (2008-2018+) 9 large scale injections (over 1 million tons each) Commercial scale understanding Regulatory, liability, ownership issues Validation Phase (2005-2011) 20 injection tests in saline formations, depleted oil, unmineable coal seams, and basalt Characterization Phase (2003-2005) Search of potential storage locations and CO2 sources Found potential for 100’s of years of storage
  • 22 Large-Scale CO2 Storage Tests • 8 large scale tests ongoing/planned for 6 of 7 Regional Partnerships • Tests based on strong core R&D program and 20 smaller field tests. • Injection schedule: 3 currently injecting, 3 starting 2013, 2 during 2014-2015 • Storage: 5 EOR, 3 saline formations • 7 of the 8 will inject between 1 – 2.9 million tonnes CO2 • CO2 sources: NG processing plants, coal power plants, ethanol production plant, natural CO2 source • All tests have extensive MVA • Results will inform Best Practice Manuals
  • 23 8 7 3 1 2 4 6 5 9 RCSP Geologic Province Injection Volume (metric tons) BIG SKY Kevin Dome- Duperow Formation TBD MGSC Illinois Basin- Mt. Simon Sandstone >380,000 MRCSP Michigan Basin- Niagaran Reef March 2013 PCOR Powder River Basin- Muddy Sandstone April 2013 Horn River Basin- Carbonates TBD SECARB Gulf Coast - Tuscaloosa Formation >3,000,000 Gulf Coast – Paluxy Formation >30,000 SWP Anadarko Basin- Morrow Sandstone Sept 2013 WESTCARB Regional Characterization Injection Ongoing 2013 Injection Scheduled Injection Scheduled 2014-2015 1 2 3 4 7 8 6 9 5  Three projects currently injecting CO2  Three Additional Scheduled for 2013  Remaining injections scheduled 2014-2015 Injection Began Nov 2011 Injection Began April 2009 Core Sampling Taken Note: Some locations presented on map may differ from final injection location Injection Began August 2012 RCSP Phase III: Development Phase Large-Scale Geologic Tests Injection began February 2013 Injection began June 2013Seismic Survey Completed
  • 24 Best Practices Manual Version 1 (Phase II) Version 2 (Phase III) Final Guidelines (Post Injection) Monitoring, Verification and Accounting 2009/2012 2016 2020 Public Outreach and Education 2009 2016 2020 Site Characterization 2010 2016 2020 Geologic Storage Formation Classification 2010 2016 2020 **Simulation and Risk Assessment 2010 2016 2020 **Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities 2011 2016 2020 Terrestrial 2010 2016 – Post MVA Phase III CCS Best Practices Manuals Critical Requirement For Significant Wide Scale Deployment - Capturing Lessons Learned