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Array 2011

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Arrays

Arrays

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  • 1. 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 1
  • 2.  Introduction to the ARRAY  Classification  Array Declaration  Array Initialization  Array with FOR Loop  Upper and lower limit of Array  Advantages  Disadvantages  Conclusion 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 2
  • 3.  An Array is a group of memory location s having same data type  Data type specify the type of data it stores  A group of CONTINOUS memory locations Example: Int A[0][1][2][3][4]  Store JUST single variable  C++ store list values in it  Arrange in Rows/ Columns 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 3
  • 4. To refer a particular location its Name and its “SUBSCRIPT “is specifies WHAT IS A „SUBSCRIPT‟? The number contained within Square bracket It MUST be an integer or expression If its an integer expression then it is evaluated to describe the subscript EXAMPLE: c[a+b] +=2; if a=5, and b=6 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 4
  • 5. In some languages (e.g. COBOL) arrays are called “Tables”. An individual value in an array is called an “Element” 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 5
  • 6. There are divided into following types; 1. One Dimensional Arrays: A[0][1][2][3][4][5][6]………………[n] 2. Two Dimensional Arrays: 3. Multi Dimensional Arrays: 3D, 4D etc 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 6 A[0][0] A[0][1] A[0][2] A[0][3] A[0][4] A[1][0] A[1][1] A[1][2] A[1][3] A[1][4] A[2][0] A[2][1] A[2][2] A[2][3] A[2][4]
  • 7. We Explore The Following Things in this Section: •Arrays Declaration •Arrays Initialization •With FOR Loop 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 7
  • 8. As just in few steps… Lets have an example of OVERS in a cricket match, its 6 per over We declared it something like that… Int balls[5] Subscript/index Array_name OR…. 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 8
  • 9. Its still the same!!! Int balls= {1,2,3,4,5,6} More Examplex: Char city= {L,A,H,O,R,E} FLOAT NUM={1.2, 1.3, 1.4 ,1.5 } 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 9
  • 10. It can be intialized as they declared Do not need to declared the subscript if initial values are defined What's the initial values we are talking about.. Int k[]= {12,13,14,15} WE HAVENT SEPCIFY THE INDEX-ANOTHER NAME AND STIL IT WORKS 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 10
  • 11. Because array automatically generate the space for it JUST FOR UNDERSTANDING!!! Int k [5]= {12,13,14,15} With index it something look like this….. C++ does not flag out any error if index go out of the bound… HOW????? Char k[7]={A,R,R,A,Y} Even the memory remains empty still it does not cerate any error… 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 11
  • 12. Almost always needed to steep through the ARRAY The loop is used is “FOR-LOOP” Can not do manipulation easily then BUT WHY?????  Loops are use to REPEATATION so as in the case of array we MUXT declared the index of ≥0 ; for  C++ to pick up the required index it uses the loop. But just not used in some fewer cases 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 12
  • 13. 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 13
  • 14. • We „r going to explore the following contents in this: 1. Introduction to 2D-Array 2. 2D Array with nested FOR loop 3. Upper and lower limit of array 4. Advantages 5. Disadvantages 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 14
  • 15. It has rows and columns…… just like a TABLE Also known as MATRIX EXAMPLE: 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 15 A[0][0] A[0][1] A[0][2] A[0][3] A[0][4] A[1][0] A[1][1] A[1][2] A[1][3] A[1][4] A[2][0] A[2][1] A[2][2] A[2][3] A[2][4]
  • 16. HOW TO DECLARE 2D-ARRAY??? This way Int temps[2][2] Row * column = 2*2: holding 4 integers NOW HOW to INITIALIZE IT?????? JUST simple!!! Int temps[2][2]={{12,14} , {21,41}}: Value of each is held in {} 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 16
  • 17. In GENERAL: ARRAY_NAME[row][column]={row}{column} [SUBSCRIPT] Both parts of an index MUST be an integer 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 17
  • 18. Nested FOR loops to step through 2D-Array USUALL FORMAT: FOR EACH ROW, FOR EACH COLUMN Do something to array[row][column] EXAMPLE: Int team[2][3]; For(int row=0;orw<2;;row++){ For(int row=0;orw<2;;row++){ Team[row][column]=8: }} 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 18
  • 19. 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 19
  • 20. Mid versions of BASIC allowed any starting and ending value. So we could have arrays like the following: EXAMPLE: int years (1998 to 2008) int tide. level(-5 to +5)  Many “modern” languages do not allow this freedom with declaring arrays 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 20
  • 21. * simple and easy to create Any element of an array can be accessed time by its index Random access Constant size arrays with arbitrary size (dynamically allocated array) array will always hold similar kind of information 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 21
  • 22. We cant change the size of array during run time Constant size WITH Constant data-type Array data structure is not completely dynamic. Insertion and deletion of an element in the array requires to shift the locations 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 22
  • 23. The Prospective of what we have presented now is to JUST enhance the ability of ourselves; Its up to US how we cater down al this in our practical LIFE… We have to crave what is perfect from INSIDE!!!! 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 23
  • 24. 1. C How to program, 4th edition by DEITEL 2. WWW.gavilian.edu/adnvantages/histroy/a rrays.htm 3. WWW.agolist.net/data-strcutures/arrays 2011 Topic: ARRAY by Atiqa, Rafia ; Rbiya, Rabia 24