Symposium on
Democracy is for Development of the People: Perspective of Bangladesh.
Key Note Speaker: Atikul Islam.
Founde...
What is democracy?
The origin of democracy as an idea and a practice
go back to the city state of Greece. The term
democra...
"A constitution [or politeia] may be defined as ‘the
organization of a city [or polis] in respect of its offices
generally...
"Democracy [is] not majority rule: democracy [is]
diffusion of power, representation of
interests, recognition of minoriti...
Democracy - Key Elements
In order to deserve to lebel modern democracy, a country needs to
fulfill some basic requirements...
Emergence of Democracy:
• The so-called "democracies" in classical antiquity
(Athens and Rome) represent precursors of
mod...
• Freedom of opinion, speech, press and mass media.
• Religious liberty
• General and equal right to vote (one person, one...
Where is democracy working:
Democracy, human rights and
Development
The rights you have simply because you are human. Human right is the
political rig...
• Article 2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in
this Declaration, without distinction of any...
Human Rights Violation
• In the recent time, abduction and killing are
the hot topic of people’s discussion. After
finding...
Scene of human rights violation:
European Union about human rights
situation in Bangladesh.
• The European Union yesterday expressed deep concern over the ...
• “The country is at a critical juncture. Fear and anxiety are
consuming people and society. We too are anxious and
concer...
• Around 20 people have been killed at different
places of the country and many others have
been injured. The killing of 2...
Human rights and Development:
Human rights is a political right that means to
ensure human rights is the duty of
governmen...
• Judiciary needs to go on with sovereignty. None has to
influence judiciary with political power or economic
power. We ha...
Democracy, freedom of expression and
development.
Though majority of the people influences in
electing government, minorit...
New ICT LAW:
• The ICT (amendment) Ordinance, 2013 provides for penal action in section
57, which says, “(1) If any person...
Freedom of Expression and
Development:
• In democracy, government is elected by the voting of majority of the
people. So m...
Democracy, Justice and Development.
• Justice needs to be ensured in every sector of
human society. Justice is needed to r...
• Justice is needed to prevent crime like
terrorism, killing, abduction, mugging etc and in
same way, justice is needed to...
Democracy, free fair election and
development.
• The link between democracy and free fair
election is captured in article ...
10th Jatiyo Shangshad Election, 2013.
• THE elections to the 10th Jatiya Sangsad were
held on January 5, with candidates b...
Upuzilla Election:
• 'AL supporters' occupy 30 Feni centres
Supporters of ruling Awami League-backed candidates have occupied more
than 30 out of 47 polling centres at Chhagalnaiya u...
Free and fair election is precondition for democracy.
Ensuring vote casting with proper security and prevent
any false vot...
Critique of Democracy:
Democracy is runed under weapon of military.
Democracy is the rule of illiterate people.
Toward Democracy fro the people:
• Democratic government those who ensure human rights, freedom
of expression, free fair e...
What kind of leadership is needed for
practicing better democracy:
• Article 26 of the universal Declaration of human
righ...
Democratic leader have to be compassionate.
Those who can respect the logical opinion of
both majority and minority people...
• Education can lead people to do right choice for
their development. Educated people can elect
skilled and educated leade...
Why politicians need to be equipped
with strategist?
• The present world is runned by the strategy. US is leading
the rest...
• Education policy, health policy, budget, agriculture, industry
etc. impact development of a society greatly. What policy...
Who can solve political dispute
through dialog not through anarchy:
• Politicians those who understand society and
people ...
In democracy, there is chance of domination
to the minority of the people by majority. But
freedom of expression, human ri...
Thank you
Democracy is for Development of the people: Perspective of Bangladesh.
Democracy is for Development of the people: Perspective of Bangladesh.
Democracy is for Development of the people: Perspective of Bangladesh.
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Democracy is for Development of the people: Perspective of Bangladesh.

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Presentation to present at a symposium about present democratic and political Situation of Bangladesh.

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Democracy is for Development of the people: Perspective of Bangladesh.

  1. 1. Symposium on Democracy is for Development of the People: Perspective of Bangladesh. Key Note Speaker: Atikul Islam. Founder and Research fellow at Center for Strategic Analysis, CSA. Center for Strategic Analysis, CSA.
  2. 2. What is democracy? The origin of democracy as an idea and a practice go back to the city state of Greece. The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the (simple) people". Democracy is a form of government in which a constitution guarantees human rights , freedom of expression, justice, free fair election and independent court of law.
  3. 3. "A constitution [or politeia] may be defined as ‘the organization of a city [or polis] in respect of its offices generally, but especially in respect of that particular office which is sovereign in all issues. . . . In democratic cities, for example, the people [demos] is sovereign. . . . [W]hen the masses govern the city with a view to the common interest, the form of government is called by the generic name . . . of ‘constitutional government’. . . . Democracy is directed to the interest of the poor [only, not to the interests of everyone--WR]." (Aristotle 1995, 97-101) U.S. president Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) defined democracy a “Democracy is the government of the people, by the people and for the people”.
  4. 4. "Democracy [is] not majority rule: democracy [is] diffusion of power, representation of interests, recognition of minorities." (John Calhoun, as paraphrased by Roper 1989, 63) Churchill on democracy (1874-1965) No one pretends that democracy is perfect or all- wise. Indeed, it has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time
  5. 5. Democracy - Key Elements In order to deserve to lebel modern democracy, a country needs to fulfill some basic requirements - and they need not only be written down in it's constitution but must be kept up in everyday life by politicians and authorities: • Guarantee of basic Human Rights to every individual person vis-à- vis the state and its authorities as well as vis-à-vis any social groups (especially religious institutions) and vis-à-vis other persons. • Separation of Powers between the institutions of the state: Government (Executive Power), Parliament (Legislative Power) und Courts of Law (Judicative Power)
  6. 6. Emergence of Democracy: • The so-called "democracies" in classical antiquity (Athens and Rome) represent precursors of modern democracies. Like modern democracy, they were created as a reaction to a concentration and abuse of power by the rulers. Yet the theory of modern democracy was not formulated until the Age of Enlightment (17th/18th centuries), when philosophers defined the essential elements of democracy: separation of powers, basic civil rights / human rights, religious liberty and separation of church and state.
  7. 7. • Freedom of opinion, speech, press and mass media. • Religious liberty • General and equal right to vote (one person, one vote) • Good Governance (focus on public interest and absence of corruption). (http://www.democracy- building.info/definition-democracy.html)
  8. 8. Where is democracy working:
  9. 9. Democracy, human rights and Development The rights you have simply because you are human. Human right is the political right of every individual. Democratic government needs to ensure the rights in the below: • Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction. • Article 1. All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
  10. 10. • Article 2. Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty. • Article 3. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. • Article 4. No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms. • Article 5. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
  11. 11. Human Rights Violation • In the recent time, abduction and killing are the hot topic of people’s discussion. After finding seven dead body from Shitalakkhay including panel Mayor Nazrul Islam and lawyer Chandan Sharkar. Newspaper, media civil society and people are raising voice against abduction and extra judicial killing.
  12. 12. Scene of human rights violation:
  13. 13. European Union about human rights situation in Bangladesh. • The European Union yesterday expressed deep concern over the recent incidents of abduction, murder, disappearance and extra-judicial killing in Bangladesh, and called for bringing the culprits to justice through proper investigations. EU Ambassador William Hanna said the community had voiced concern in recent weeks over extra-judicial killings and harassment of human rights defenders. He was also worried about the conditions of minority communities, full implementation of the Chittagong Hill Tracts peace accord and the human rights of Rohingya refugees. Expressing concern at the recent disappearance of British national Mujibur Rahman Mujib in Sunamganj, Nick Low, acting High Commissioner of the UK, demanded that the government apprise them of the circumstances of his disappearance and the progress in the probe. Nick Low also called upon the authorities to take steps for Ilias Ali's safe return to his family, and clarify the circumstances of the BNP leader's disappearance two years ago. (The Daily Star. Sunday, May 11, 2014).
  14. 14. • “The country is at a critical juncture. Fear and anxiety are consuming people and society. We too are anxious and concerned,” said NHRC Chairman Mizanur Rahman. Immediate and strict steps should be taken to improve law and order. The state could be blamed for this situation but the government alone cannot be responsible for protecting human rights, he observed. • The NHRC boss urged all to play their roles in protecting people's rights. According to legal aid and civil rights organisation Ain O Salish Kendra, at least 39 people have disappeared in the first quarter of this year and there have been allegations that law enforcers were involved in abductions. (The Daily Star, 11 May, 2014).
  15. 15. • Around 20 people have been killed at different places of the country and many others have been injured. The killing of 20 people in one day marks a serious law and order breakdown. But we are not taking it seriously because loss of life and limb seems to have been a normal fact during the recent political protests. (Write up on 10th Jatiyo Shangshad election. Atikul Islam. New Age. January, 13, 2014).
  16. 16. Human rights and Development: Human rights is a political right that means to ensure human rights is the duty of government. Every individual in the present society have some basic human rights from the government. None has to face abduction, extra judicial killing, innocent victim of law enforcement agency.
  17. 17. • Judiciary needs to go on with sovereignty. None has to influence judiciary with political power or economic power. We have to uproot crime but not criminal. In the present society, we are focused on mostly correction not only punishment and a man is innocent until he is proved as criminal by Court. Extra judicial killing needs to be banned. Criminal needs to be arrested not to be killed by RAB. RAB can injure someone to arrest in case of gunfight but killing him is a human rights violation. Everyone has right to get justice from court. Every individual is part of our society, so ensuring basic human rights can cause development of society.
  18. 18. Democracy, freedom of expression and development. Though majority of the people influences in electing government, minority people have to get chance to raise their voice. The elected government can pass any law, rules and regulations to rule over the society because of their majority participant in the Jatiyo Shangsad. But opposition parties need to raise voice freely to critique any injustice, law, rules and regulations for the betterment of the nation.
  19. 19. New ICT LAW: • The ICT (amendment) Ordinance, 2013 provides for penal action in section 57, which says, “(1) If any person deliberately publishes or transmits or causes to be published or transmitted in the website or in electronic form any material which is fake and obscene or its effect is such as to tend to deprave and corrupt persons who are likely, having regard to all relevant circumstances, to read, see or hear the matter contained or embodied in it, or causes to deteriorate or creates possibility to deteriorate law and order, prejudice the image of the State or person or causes to hurt or may hurt religious belief or instigate against any person or organization, then this activity of his will be regarded as an offence. (2) Whoever commits offence under sub-section (1) of this section shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may not be less than seven years and more than fourteen years and with fine which may extend to Taka one crore.” It also suggests that offences under sections 54, 56, 57, 61 are cognizable and non-bailable. (M.D Munir. The Financial Express. 22 September, 2013).
  20. 20. Freedom of Expression and Development: • In democracy, government is elected by the voting of majority of the people. So majority of the people’s mandate prevails over other people. For example, 51% vote of a society win over other 49% vote. Opinion and willing of the 51% people rule over 49% people. But the 49% people have the freedom of expression. They needs to critique any government policy, law, regulation, activities etc. They can raise voice to take attention of the human right activists, development workers, researchers, government and not government organizations. • Newspaper, radio, television, magazine, website, blog, social network etc. needs to remain sovereign. No rules and regulations should be made to ban any of these media. If any of these scatter wrong news, it has to be taken under law and order and should have chance to be rectified. To err the human being, so if any wrong is done mistakenly needs to be rectified. But banning permanently of any newspaper, electronic media, blog, website etc will be a violation of freedom of expression. Freedom of expression free people from the domination, injustice, exploitation etc. So for the development of the all people, it needs to be ensured.
  21. 21. Democracy, Justice and Development. • Justice needs to be ensured in every sector of human society. Justice is needed to reduce crime, violence etc. Any law violation is defined as crime. Law is a universal phenomenon for human society. There are penal law, corporate law, business law, institutional law etc. In every sector, justice is needed to ensure development of society.
  22. 22. • Justice is needed to prevent crime like terrorism, killing, abduction, mugging etc and in same way, justice is needed to prevent polluted food and beverage, to prevent market monopolization through collecting available goods of the market, to prevent uncertified doctor for mistreatment of the patient, to prevent medicines that are out of order. So justice is needed very much for the security of the people and for the overall socioeconomic development.
  23. 23. Democracy, free fair election and development. • The link between democracy and free fair election is captured in article 21(3) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states: • “The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.”
  24. 24. 10th Jatiyo Shangshad Election, 2013. • THE elections to the 10th Jatiya Sangsad were held on January 5, with candidates belonging to the ruling Awami League and its allies having already been declared ‘elected’ unopposed in 153 of the total 300 seats. The elections were well and truly a one-sided affair as only the AL-led alliance and some independent candidates had fielded candidates. How can we call it democratic where more than half of the seats were filled before the election day and where 52 per cent of the electorate had no role to play? (Atikul Islam, New age, 13 January, 2013).
  25. 25. Upuzilla Election: • 'AL supporters' occupy 30 Feni centres
  26. 26. Supporters of ruling Awami League-backed candidates have occupied more than 30 out of 47 polling centres at Chhagalnaiya upazila in Feni. Vote rigging and ballot stuffing at different centres marked the fifth phase of upazila election in the district, reports our correspondent. The AL-men captured the centres and ousted the agents of other aspirants from the centres between 8:00am and 9:00am soon. At Pathannagar Government Primary School, unidentified youths with firearms stamped 600 ballot papers around 3:30am, said the upazila election presiding officer Ahmed Ulla. (The Daily Star, 31 March, 2014).
  27. 27. Free and fair election is precondition for democracy. Ensuring vote casting with proper security and prevent any false vote casting through muscle power is essential for practicing democracy. Vote is the opinion of the people to elect who is skilled and honest enough to lead the society to development. Majority of the fellow citizen don’t take wrong decision to elect their leader. Autocratic leader who want to keep on their power through forcing can dominate through autocracy. But majority of the people cannot be dominated in the democracy.
  28. 28. Critique of Democracy: Democracy is runed under weapon of military. Democracy is the rule of illiterate people.
  29. 29. Toward Democracy fro the people: • Democratic government those who ensure human rights, freedom of expression, free fair election, justice under independent court of law are really for the development of the people. There is no other government system is as good as like democracy that can ensure people’s development. Extreme privatization causes development of the few people dominating others. So Government management of different business institutions can cause welfare of most of the people. • The third way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. Anthony Giddens, 1999. He wrote about British Society. • Democratizing democracy.
  30. 30. What kind of leadership is needed for practicing better democracy: • Article 26 of the universal Declaration of human rights. Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
  31. 31. Democratic leader have to be compassionate. Those who can respect the logical opinion of both majority and minority people and can take into action. Education is needed very much for the development of society. Education is needed for the development of every citizen. It is a basic right for both man and woman.
  32. 32. • Education can lead people to do right choice for their development. Educated people can elect skilled and educated leader for their society. Democratic leader needs to be researcher to understand people and to take right initiative for the development of a society. What initiative has to be taken in priority have to be find out through research. Research is needed for any progressive development. How a society may develop have to find out first through research and then initiative has to be taken.
  33. 33. Why politicians need to be equipped with strategist? • The present world is runned by the strategy. US is leading the rest of the world through strategies and policies. They are accumulating capital through business strategies like TICFA, GSP etc. World bank and IMF is boosting their capital from all over their world through various strategies. They are influencing the strategies such as monetary policy, budget, industrial policy, agriculture policy of the countries of the world. They are leading developing countries through policies like structure adjustment policy. They are accumulating capital through foreign aid, foreign investment, multinational corporation etc. The tista water distribution treaty, satellite channel regulation, vegetable and food export and import strategy impact greatly on the development of society.
  34. 34. • Education policy, health policy, budget, agriculture, industry etc. impact development of a society greatly. What policy will develop society that has to be find out first for the society. For example, how agricultural man will develop from agriculture, how both owners and workers of industries will develop, how education system will develop for better education has to be find out first through research. As a whole socio economic, political, environmental etc. condition varies from society to society. So what initiative have to be taken for the society have to be find out through research. Politicians play key role in democracy to develop any society. So they have to be equipped with researchers and strategists for the development of the society.
  35. 35. Who can solve political dispute through dialog not through anarchy: • Politicians those who understand society and people through research and those who can find out strategies or solution for the betterment of the people and society through research and free thinking can do better dialog and solve political dispute through dialog not through anarchy. Details academic methodology of research is must for the politicians, I am not talking this. But they have hear from people and think for the betterment of the people.
  36. 36. In democracy, there is chance of domination to the minority of the people by majority. But freedom of expression, human rights, justice etc. needs to be ensured for every man and woman, if democracy is really for the development of the people.
  37. 37. Thank you

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