1. TITLE:HARRY POTTER’S MORAL CHOICES IN J.K. ROWLING’S HARRY POTTER AND THE PRISONER OF AZKABAN & HARRY POTTER AND THE ORDER OF THE PHOENIX PREPARED BY: NUR ATIKA LAILA ZAINAL (0843003)
2. OUTLINE OF THE PRESENTATIONi. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDYii. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDYiii. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYiv. METHODOLOGYv. DISCUSSIONvi. CONCLUSION
3. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY• Authors like Steve Vender Ark (The Harry Potter Lexicon, 2007) and Janet Scott Batchler (What Will Harry Do, 2006) wrote books based on the researches they made on the series.• Other independent scholar like John Granger, wrote Unlocking Harry Potter: Five Keys for the Serious Reader (2007), The Deathly Hallows Lectures: The Hogwarts Professor Explains the Final Harry Potter Adventure (2008) and The Hidden Key to Harry Potter: Understanding the Meaning, Genius and Popularity of Joanne Rowling’s Harry Potter Novels (2002).
4. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY• Most of the books mentioned previously spelled out the themes and Christianity symbolism behind the Harry Potter series; some of them were written by critics, like Michael D O’Brien.• This research is a study on Harry’s moral choices and is supported with details from other journals and books.• Messages hidden in the two chosen books in the series were also analyzed.
5. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY(a) To identify the moral choices made by the character Harry Potter from the books Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (1999) and Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix (2003).(b) To justify the messages the author wants to convey through these books.(c) The two particular books were chosen because of the emergence of an important character; Sirius Black, his relationship with Harry and influences on Harry.
6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYa) Behind every moral choice, there is a message woven neatly into a spectacular storyline.b) With this study conducted, Harry’s moral choices and Rowling’s messages in both books have been revealed.c) This research will be crucial for other Harry Potter scholars and students who are learning literature.
7. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDYd) Other readers or students of other fields can make use of this research as well; like psychology, philosophy and even law.e) There are universities that offer courses where Harry Potter books are used in the same standard as that of Shakespeare’s works.
8. METHODOLOGYa) Qualitative research / library research.b) A selection of books, journals & articles in the field of psychology and philosophy were analyzed to achieve the study objectives.
9. METHODOLOGYc) The examining of texts took the form of close textual reading; to expose the relevant textual qualities.d) Supporting data are in the form of the studies that had been done by a number of philosophers, psychologists, and Harry Potter scholars.
10. DISCUSSION Harry Potter’s Moral Choicesi. To Have Free Will & Hard Determinism: To have a free will means to be free of all control, free to act as we choose to act & not giving up easily.ii. To Be Impulsive & Self-sacrificing: Not thinking thoroughly & desiring the happiness of others, the concerns about self disappear when we have any genuine interest in persons and things outside of ourselves.iii. To Love: It involves things like whether we really try to help one another, and whether each member of the partnership genuinely tries to promote the welfare of the other person.
11. DISCUSSION Analysis on Harry Potter’s Moral Choices in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.i. First Moral Choice: To Have Free Will & Hard Determinism- Harry stood up for Prof Hagrid; being half-giant and not of pure-blood wizard lineage, he was looked down on by some.- Harry chose to believe and help an escaped prisoner who was wrongly accused.
12. DISCUSSION Analysis on Harry Potter’s Moral Choices in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.ii. Second Moral Choice: To Be Impulsive- Harry couldn’t tolerate his aunt’s rudeness and had literally blown up his aunt.- Harry attacked the innocent prisoner blindly without giving him a chance to explain.
13. DISCUSSION Analysis on Harry Potter’s Moral Choices in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban.iii.Third Moral Choice: To Love- Harry had spared the life of the real culprit for the sake of his father’s best friends.- They wanted to kill the traitor but Harry didn’t want them to become murderers.
14. DISCUSSION Analysis on Harry Potter’s Moral Choices in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.i. First Moral Choice: To Have Free Will & Hard Determinism- Harry chose not to be constrained by the Minister of Magic who refused to believe him (out of fear) and made unreasonable decrees to stop him from spreading the terrifying truth—that the Dark Lord; Voldemort had risen back to power.
15. DISCUSSION Analysis on Harry Potter’s Moral Choices in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.ii. Second Moral Choice: To Be Impulsive & Self- sacrificing- Harry, not wanting others to be in danger because of his inexplicable connection with Voldemort, decided hastily that he should leave at once for good.
16. DISCUSSION Analysis on Harry Potter’s Moral Choices in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.iii.Third Moral Choice: To Love- Harry struggled to accept the truth that his godfather was dead and would never come back.- To be able to love had deprived Harry from being scared of death or even as evil as Voldemort.
17. DISCUSSION J. K. Rowling’s Hidden Messages in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban & Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. The Importance of Friendship Love Conquers Death• Choosing between what • The lessons we learnt is right and easy is from pain are the ones important and we are that make us the not capable of doing strongest; Rowling has that alone sometimes— made much emphasis we need allies. on love that never dies in the books.
18. CONCLUSION• Harry Potter’s moral choices in both books are to have free will & hard determinism, to be impulsive & self-sacrificing and to love.• The messages are the importance of friendship and love conquers death.• As we follow Harry and the other characters, ones do not merely become better readers, but better and wiser individuals.