Sexual orientation (social studies)

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  • 1. SEXUAL ORIENTATIONBy: Rolex Wheeler Baitin
  • 2. DEFINITION OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION A persons emotional, romantic, and sexual attraction to individuals of a particular gender (male or female).
  • 3. SEXUAL ORIENTATION Involves a persons feelings and sense of identity It may or may not present in the persons appearance or behavior People may have attractions to people of the same or opposite sex, but may choose not to act on these feelings
  • 4. SEXUAL ORIENTATION’S CATEGORIES Divided into three main categories1. HETEROSEXUAL ORIENTATION2. HOMOSEXUAL ORIENTATION3. BISEXUAL ORIENTATION
  • 5. HETEROSEXUAL ORIENTATION The romantic, sexual and emotional attraction to persons of opposite sex or gender in the gender binary. Usually, applied to human and also observed in mammals.
  • 6. HOMOSEXUAL ORIENTATION Having emotional, romantic, or sexual attractions to members of one’s own sex. GAY- male attracted to another male LESBIAN- female attracted to another female
  • 7. BISEXUAL ORIENTATION Having emotional, romantic, or sexual attractions to both men and women
  • 8. WHAT CAUSES A PERSON TO HAVEPARTICULAR SEXUAL ORIENTATION? No consensus among scientists about the exact reasons that an individual develops a heterosexual, bisexual or homosexual orientation. Nature and nurture both play complex roles as most people experience little or no sense of choice about their sexual orientation.
  • 9. HOMOSEXUAL RELATIONSHIPS Are often more flexible with regard to gender roles Mostly, face same challenges as heterosexual couples in creating satisfying relationships  Additional challenge of social acceptance, antigay discrimination and prejudice
  • 10.  Lesbians more likely to be monogamous than gay men and value emotional intimacy more Lesbian sexual interactions tend to have more characteristics associated with greater sexual enjoyment than heterosexual women’s sexual interactions
  • 11. ISSUES REGARDING SEXUALORIENTATION Homophobia Discrimination towards homosexual people Homosexual families
  • 12. HOMOPHOBIA Homophobia encompasses a range of negative attitudes and feelings toward homosexuality or people who are identified or perceived as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) Homophobia is observable in critical and hostile behavior such as discrimination and violence on the basis of sexual orientation that are non heterosexual.
  • 13. DISCIMINATION TOWARDS HOMOSEXUAL PEOPLE Been treated as mentally ill and subjected to conversion therapies, including electroshock treatment Been targeted by discriminatory laws, including criminal prohibition of same-sex practices Not been permitted (until recently) to participate openly in the Armed Forces Faced discrimination in employment and housing; and Been the victims of hate-motivated crimes, anti-gay and anti-lesbian violence, and verbal harassment
  • 14. HOMOSEXUAL FAMILIES Children from previous heterosexual marriage, artificial insemination and through surrogate mothers. Adoption ( Research done specifically on children raised by homosexual parents shows that there are no differences that suggest any disadvantage between them and children raised by heterosexual parents )
  • 15. Views Toward Homosexuality Different people have different prospective toward homosexuality Several countries allow same sex marriage ( Netherlands, US, Belgium , Spain, Canada, South Africa , Norway, Portugal, Sweden )
  • 16. REFERENCES http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/sexual- orientation.aspx http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health- topics/sexual-orientation-gender-4329.htm http://www.care2.com/causes/which-countries- have-legalized-gay-marriage.html http://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/fight- legalize-gay-marriage-rhode-island-article- 1.1240328 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_orientation