Psych
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  • 1. Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery Are aspects of conditioning that help us adapt by updating our experiences or representations of changing environment.
  • 2. Extinction Extinction is when the occurrences of a conditioned response decrease or disappear. In classical conditioning, this happens when a conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
  • 3. Spontaneous Recovery SpontaneousRecoveryisthereappearanceofthe conditionedresponseafterarestperiodorperiodof lessenedresponse.Iftheconditioned stimulusand unconditionedstimulusarenolongerassociated, extinctionwilloccurveryrapidlyafteraspontaneous recovery.
  • 4. Generalization In conditioning, stimulus generalization is the tendency for the conditioned stimulus to evoke similar responses after the response has been conditioned.
  • 5. Discrimination Discrimination is the ability to differentiate between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli that have not been paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
  • 6. Higher-Order Conditioning A form of learning in which a stimulus is first made meaningful or consequential for an organism through an initial step of learning, and then that stimulus is used as a basis for learning about some new stimulus.
  • 7. “Little Albert”
  • 8. Counter conditioning the conditioning of an unwanted behavior or response to a stimulus into a wanted behavior or response by the association of positive actions with the stimulus.
  • 9. Flooding A behavioral fear-reduction technique based on principles of classical conditioning; fear evoking stimuli are presented continuously in the absence of actual harm so that fear responses are extinguished.
  • 10. Systematic Desensitization A behavioral fear-reduction technique in which a hierarchy of fear-evoking stimuli is presented while the person remains relaxed.
  • 11. ATIENZA, EULA DANIELLE N. 1E1