Extinction and Spontaneous Recovery
Are aspects of conditioning that help
us adapt by updating our experiences
or representations of changing
Extinction is when the occurrences of a
conditioned response decrease or disappear. In
classical conditioning, this happens when a
conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with
an unconditioned stimulus.
In conditioning, stimulus generalization is the
tendency for the conditioned stimulus to
evoke similar responses after the response has
Discrimination is the ability to differentiate
between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli
that have not been paired with an unconditioned
A form of learning in which a stimulus is first
made meaningful or consequential for an
organism through an initial step of learning,
and then that stimulus is used as a basis for
learning about some new stimulus.
the conditioning of an unwanted behavior or
response to a stimulus into a wanted behavior
or response by the association of positive
actions with the stimulus.
A behavioral fear-reduction technique based
on principles of classical conditioning; fear
evoking stimuli are presented continuously in
the absence of actual harm so that fear
responses are extinguished.
A behavioral fear-reduction technique in
which a hierarchy of fear-evoking stimuli is
presented while the person remains relaxed.