ATI's Total Systems Engineering Development & Management technical training course sampler

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This three-day ATI professional development course, Total Systems Engineering Development & Management, course, covers four system …

This three-day ATI professional development course, Total Systems Engineering Development & Management, course, covers four system

development fundamentals: (1) a sound

engineering management infrastructure within

which work may be efficiently accomplished, (2)

define the problem to be solved (requirements and

specifications), (3) solve the problem (design,

integration, and optimization), and (4) prove that

the design solves the defined problem

(verification).

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  • 1. Slides From ATI Professional Development Short Course TOTAL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Instructor: Jeff GradyATI Course Schedule: http://www.ATIcourses.com/schedule.htmATIs Total Systems Engineering: http://www.aticourses.com/total_systems_engineering_development.htm
  • 2. www.ATIcourses.comBoost Your Skills 349 Berkshire Drive Riva, Maryland 21140with On-Site Courses Telephone 1-888-501-2100 / (410) 965-8805Tailored to Your Needs Fax (410) 956-5785 Email: ATI@ATIcourses.comThe Applied Technology Institute specializes in training programs for technical professionals. Our courses keep youcurrent in the state-of-the-art technology that is essential to keep your company on the cutting edge in today’s highlycompetitive marketplace. Since 1984, ATI has earned the trust of training departments nationwide, and has presentedon-site training at the major Navy, Air Force and NASA centers, and for a large number of contractors. Our trainingincreases effectiveness and productivity. Learn from the proven best.For a Free On-Site Quote Visit Us At: http://www.ATIcourses.com/free_onsite_quote.aspFor Our Current Public Course Schedule Go To: http://www.ATIcourses.com/schedule.htm
  • 3. Who Is Jeff Grady?CURRENT POSITION President, JOG System Engineering System Engineering Assessment, Consulting, and Education FirmPRIOR EXPERIENCE U.S. Marines General Precision, Librascope Div Customer Training Instructor, SUBROC and ASROC ASW Systems Teledyne Ryan Aeronautical Field Engineer, AQM-34 Series Special Purpose Aircraft Project Engineer, System Engineer, Unmanned Aircraft Systems General Dynamics Convair Division System Engineer, Cruise Missile, AGM-129 Advanced Cruise Missile General Dynamics Space Systems Division Engineering Department Manager, Systems DevelopmentFORMAL EDUCATION SDSU, BA Math; UCSD, Certificate in System Engineering; and USC, MS Systems Management with Information Systems CertificateINCOSE First Elected Secretary , Fellow, Founder, ESEPAUTHOR System Requirements Analysis (1993 & 2006), System Integration, System Validation and Verification, System Engineering Planning and Enterprise Identity,System Engineering Deployment, System Verification (2007), System Synthesis (2010), System Management (2010)VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 3 c JOG System Engineering Grand Systems Overview Course One-Day Management Outline 1.1 Introduction to System Engineering 1.2 Development Process Overview 1.3 Enterprise Re-Engineering 1.4 Program Design 1.5 Program Estimating and Earned Value Systems 1.6 Program Risk Management 1.7 Baselines and Configuration Management 1.8 System Engineering MaturityVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 4 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 4. Student Materials Map TOTAL SYSTEMS PRESENTATION MATERIAL ENGINEERING TEXT DEVELOPMENT TOTAL SYSTEMS & MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT GRAND & MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS INTRODUCTION MANAGEMENT GRAND SYSTEMS A0 REQUIREMENTS GRAND SYSTEMS A1 SYNTHESIS GRAND A2 SYSTEMS VERIFICATION A3 COURSE ADMINISTATIVE MATERIALS A4 BIBLIOGRAPHY GLOSSARY C CD CONTAINING D DOCUMENT SETS EVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 5 c JOG System Engineering System Life Cycle ENTERPRISE CUSTOMER VISION NEEED F F ACQUIRE NEW BUSINESS F3 25 NEW PROGRAM SUPPLIER RESIDUAL RECYCLE CONTROL SUPPLIER A3 FUNCTIONS A2 GRAND GRAND GRAND A4 GRAND SYSTEMS SYSTEMS SYSTEMS SYSTEMS REQUIREMENTS SYNTHESIS VERIFICATION AND SUSTAINMENT F42 F44 F48 DISPOSED RFP 2 F41 2 SYSTEM 2 2 F6 SUPPLIER MATERIAL SPIRAL PLAN PROGRAM PHASE, CYCLE DEVELOPMENT USE SYSTEM IOR UPDATES F45 F47 MANAGE X CUSTOMER NEED MANAGE ACTIVITIES PROGRAM GRAND SYSTEMS GRAND SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT EMPLOYMENT F5 F49 OVERLAY OVERLAY ASSURE PRODUCT AND PROCESS QUALITY A5 FC 9 F46 FB 2 A1 SYSTEM/PROGRAM LIFE CYCLE OVERLAY F4 LESSONS LEARNED MANAGE ENTERPRISE F1 47 PROGRAM PROVIDE PROGRAM RESOURCES RESOURCES F2 ENTERPRISE 35 SCOPE GRAND SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT OVERLAY FA F X: REFER TO PROGRAM SYSTEM DEFINITION DOCUMENT FOR EXPANSION AN EXHIBIT DESIGNATIONVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 6 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 5. Segment Goals• Expose a simple foundation for system engineering• Explain the fundamental pathway commonly followed in applying it – Define the problem – Solve the problem – Prove it• Expand, as time permits, methods useful in implementing an effective capability in your product domain of interestVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 7 c JOG System Engineering The Systems Approach Has Not Always Been Properly Applied OVER THE TRANSOM ENGINEERING DESIGN RELIABILITY MANUFACTURING ENGINEERING ENGINEERINGVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 8 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 6. Other Common Errors In Implementation• Allowed our methods for organizing knowledge to intrude upon our methods for organizing product• Failed to understand that we must optimize on both product and product process together• Given lip service to the systems approach while perpetuating autonomous work performance• System engineers have been technically shallow and over- energized about rigid rules• Permitted program managers to conserve program resources early in programsVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 9 c JOG System Engineering Order Versus Creativity EARLY IN PROGRAM HOT WATER FULL ON COLD WATER NEARLY OFF HOT COLD MID-LIFE CRISIS EVOLVING BALANCE MATURE PROGRAM HOT WATER OFF COLD WATER FULL ONVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 10 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 7. Crowds of People Are Not Good Enough VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 11 c JOG System Engineering Grand Systems Overview Course Two-Day Requirements Outline2.1 Introduction 2.10 Requirements Analysis2.2 Requirements Relationships Environmental Requirements2.3 Program Beginnings Analysis2.4 System and Hardware Structured 2.11 Computer Software Structured Analysis Analysis Intro and Early Methods2.5 System and Hardware Structured 2.12 Computer Software Structured Analysis Variations Analysis OOA and UML2.6 Performance Requirements 2.13 Computer Software Structured2.7 Analysis Analysis DODAF2.8 Product Entity Definition 2.14 Integrated System Definition Interface Definition and 2.15 Specification Publishing and2.9 Requirements Development Management Specialty Engineering 2.16 Requirements Risk Management VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 12 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 8. The Word Requirement, From the Dictionary Something wanted or ITEM necessary. Something essential to the existence or occurrence of something else. A necessary character- istic or attribute of some thing (or item).VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 13 c JOG System Engineering A Foolproof Search For Subjects PRIMITIVE ITEM STRUCTURED SPECIFICATION ANALYSIS TOOLS LANGUAGE, STYLE, FORMATVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 14 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 9. Requirements Quantification Methods ALLOCATION/FLOWDOWN Apportionment of parent value in accordance with a mathematical rule Equivalency - “All items shall be green.” SYNTHESIS VIA MODELS, SIMULATIONS, PARAMETRICS Appropriate for sets of requirements connected by complex relationships APPEAL TO AUTHORITY Customer/Industry/Government Standards Expert Persons VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 15 c JOG System Engineering Sentences of Importance1 Scope 3.1.20 Logistics2 Applicable Documents 3.1.21 Personnel and Training3 Requirements 3.1.22 Requirements Traceability3.1 Functional and Performance Rqmts. 3.2 Interface Requirements3.1.1 Missions 3.2.1 GFP Interfaces3.1.2 Threat 3.2.2 External Interface Requirements3.1.3 Required States and Modes 3.3 Design and Construction3.1.4 Entity Capability Requirements 3.3.1 Production Drawings3.1.5 Reliability 3.3.2 Software Design3.1.6 Maintainability 3.3.3 Workmanship3.1.7 Deployability 3.3.4 Standards of Manufacture3.1.8 Availability 3.3.5 Process Definition3.1.9 Environmental Conditions 3.3.6 Material Definition3.1.10 Transportability 3.4 Precedence and Criticality of Rqmts.3.1.11 Materials and Processes 4 Verification3.1.12 Electromagnetic Radiation 4.1 Methods of Verification3.1.13 Nameplates and Product Markings 4.2 Classes of Verification3.1.14 Producibility 4.3 Inspections3.1.15 Interchangeability 5 Packaging3.1.16 Safety 6 Notes3.1.17 Human Factors Engineering3.1.18 Security and Privacy3.1.19 Computer Resource Requirements MIL-STD-961E Format VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 16 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 10. What is a Specification? A specification contains all of the require- ments for a given item. VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 17 c JOG System Engineering Sentences of Importance1 Scope 3.1.20 Logistics2 Applicable Documents 3.1.21 Personnel and Training3 Requirements 3.1.22 Requirements Traceability3.1 Functional and Performance Rqmts. 3.2 Interface Requirements3.1.1 Missions 3.2.1 GFP Interfaces3.1.2 Threat 3.2.2 External Interface Requirements3.1.3 Required States and Modes 3.3 Design and Construction3.1.4 Entity Capability Requirements 3.3.1 Production Drawings3.1.5 Reliability 3.3.2 Software Design3.1.6 Maintainability 3.3.3 Workmanship3.1.7 Deployability 3.3.4 Standards of Manufacture3.1.8 Availability 3.3.5 Process Definition3.1.9 Environmental Conditions 3.3.6 Material Definition3.1.10 Transportability 3.4 Precedence and Criticality of Rqmts.3.1.11 Materials and Processes 4 Verification3.1.12 Electromagnetic Radiation 4.1 Methods of Verification3.1.13 Nameplates and Product Markings 4.2 Classes of Verification3.1.14 Producibility 4.3 Inspections3.1.15 Interchangeability 5 Packaging3.1.16 Safety 6 Notes3.1.17 Human Factors Engineering3.1.18 Security and Privacy3.1.19 Computer Resource Requirements MIL-STD-961E Format VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 18 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 11. In Writing a Specification, What Is the Target?VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 19 c JOG System Engineering Traceability Forms • Vertical requirements traceability – Hierarchical or parent-child – Requirements source traceability – Requirements rationale traceability • Longitudinal traceability – Requirements to design and verification • Lateral traceability LONGITUDINAL TRACEABILITY – Traceability to method VERTICAL • Applicable document TRACEABILITY VERIFICATION – Internal integrity SYNTHESIS LATERIAL TRACEABILITY REQUIREMENTSVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 20 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 12. SAR Organization For Traditional Structured Analysis SYSTEM ANALYSIS ITEM PERFORMANCE SELECTED SYSTEM SYSTEM DEFINITION REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS SPECIFICATION MISSION AND ARCHITECTUR FUNCTIONAL DOCUMENT E PERFORMANCE TEMPLATESNEED ANALYSIS & REQUIREMENTS REPORT ALLOCATION DEFINITION PROGRAM SPECIFICATION SYSTEM TIME TIMING FORMATTING AND AND SPACE APPENDIX A PUBLICATION REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS DEFINITION ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIFICATION ANALYSIS APPENDIX B TREE DEVELOPMENT MIL-STD-961E ARCHITECTURE APPENDIX C RAS SYSTEM SYNTHESIS INTERFACE REQUIREMENTS DEFINITION APPENDIX D MIL-STD-961E INTERFACE ANALYSIS ENVIRONMENTAL ITEM PERF REQUIREMENTS APPENDIX E DEFINITION SPECIALTY MIL-STD-961E ASSESSMENT SPECIALTY ITEM DETAIL APPENDIX F ENGINEERING REQUIREMENTS DEFINITION PROCESS ANALYSIS ITEM CONSTRAINTS ICD APPENDIX G ANALYSIS TRADITIONAL STRUCTURED ANALYSIS PLANE UNIFIED MODELING LANGUAGE ANALYSIS PLANEVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 21 c JOG System Engineering Structured View of a Problem Space FUNCTIONAL FACET VISION PROBLEM OBJECT SPACE FACET BEHAVIORAL FACET ANALYSTVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 22 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 13. Product Entity Block Diagram Example TITAN IV SYSTEM A TITAN IV GROUND TITAN IV SYSTEM A2 VEHICLE A1 CENTAUR IUS PAYLOAD SOLID CORE UPPER STAGE UPPER STAGE FAIRING ROCKET BOOSTERS VEHICLE A14 A15 A13 A12 A11 STRUCTURAL MISSION SRM 1 STAGE I SYSTEM PECULIAR KIT A121 A111 A1411 A1418 INSULATION TRACKING SRM 2 STAGE II SYSTEM A1412 A1419 A122 A112 PROPULSION TELEMETRY & INSTRUMENT- INTERSTAGE SYSTEM ADAPTER ATION SYSTEM A1413 A141A A113 REACTION RANGE CENTAUR CONTROL SAFETY ADAPTER SYSTEM SYSTEM A114 A1414 A141B PROPELLANT FLIGHT CONTROL CONTROL SYSTEM SYSTEM A1415 A141C HYDRAULIC ELECTRICAL SYSTEM POWER SYSTEM A1416 A141D PNEUMATIC FLIGHT TITAN IV SYSTEM SYSTEM SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE BLOCK DIAGRAM A1417 A141E A141E SHEET 10 ENG DATE 11-13-90 VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 23 c JOG System Engineering External Interface Definition INTERNAL INTERFACE EXTERNAL MATRIX (N-Square) INTERFACE EXTENSION INTERFACE I212 A11 PRODUCT ENTITY AXIS EC2 A12 A14EXTERNALENTITIESAXIS F4711 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS SAR F4713 APPENDIX D FUNCTION AXIS VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 24 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 14. Specialty Engineering Identification of Constraints ARCHITECTURE 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2.1 X X X 1.1 1.2 1.3 2.4 1.4 2.5 1.5 2.2 X C 2.1 X O 2.3 X X 2.2 X N 3.1 X X X 2.3 CONSTRAINT ARCH S 3.2 X X X X T 3.1 X X 4.1 X 4.2 1.1 R 3.2 A 4.2 X X X 4.1 X X I 5.1 X X X N 4.2 X 4.2 1.2 5.2 X X X T 5.1 X X S 5.3 X X X 5.2 X 4.2 1.3 6.1 X X 5.3 X 7.1 X6.1 X X X X 4.2 2.1 7.1 X X X DESIGN CONSTRAINTS SCOPING DESIGN CONSTRAINTS MATRIX IDENTIFICATION FORMVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 25 c JOG System Engineering Environment Subsets SYSTEM ENVIRONMENT Q COOPERATIVE SELF INDUCED NATURAL SYSTEMS ENVIRONMENTAL NON-COOPERATIVE HOSTILE ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT STRESSES ENVIRONMENT ENVIRONMENT QC QI QN QX QH NATURAL SPACE ENVIORNMENTAL STRESSES QN1 QN3 TREATED AS TIME AN EXERNAL TREATED AS INTERFACE SYSTEM QN2 ENVIRONMENTVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 26 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 15. Environmental Requirements• System – Identify spaces within which the system will have to function – Select standards covering those spaces – For each standard, select parameters that apply – Tailor the range of selected parameters• End item – Build three dimensional model of end items, physical processes, and process environments – Extract item environments• Component – Zone end item into spaces of common environmental characteristics – Map components to zones – Components inherit zone environmental requirementsVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 27 c JOG System Engineering Software Analysis Orientations Process oriented analysis FLOW CHARTING AND IPO YOURDON-DEMARCO-CONSTANTINE HATLEY-PIRBHAI REAL TIME MODELING Data oriented analysis DATA TABLE NORMALIZATION IDEF-1X Object oriented analysis (OOA) COMBINES PROCESS AND DATA ORIENTATIONS UML RESTORES SW RESPECT FOR SULLIVAN’S IDEAS DoDAFVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 28 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 16. Grand Systems Overview Course One-Day Synthesis Outline 3.1 Introduction to System Synthesis 3.2 Product Design 3.3 Other Product Sources 3.4 Interface Development 3.5 Interface Development 3.6 Trade Studies and Decision-Making 3.7 Design Reviews 3.8 Manufacturing and QualityVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 29 c JOG System Engineering Overall Systems Approach SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS ANALYSIS NEED DEFINE THE VALIDATE THE PROBLEM REQUIREMENTS P R DESIGN, VERIFY THAT O MATERIAL, AND REQUIREMENTS D MANUFACTURING ARE SATISFIED U C VERIFICATION T INTEGRATEMANAGE THE AND EVOLVING OPTIMIZE PROCESS SYSTEM SPECIALTY SYNTHESIS ENGINEERINGSYSTEM ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 30 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 17. Design Defined• To prepare the preliminary sketch or the plan for a work to be executed• To plan or fashion artistically or skillfully• To intend for a specific purpose• To form or conceive in the mindVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 31 c JOG System Engineering Making Sense of Synthesis• The combining of the constituent elements of separate material or abstract entities into a single or unified entity (opposite of analysis).• Because we find it necessary to partition or decompose wholes into parts, to set the problem size to human proportions, we are obligated to synthesize those parts into the whole.• The design engineer must synthesize the many requirements into a solution that satisfies all of those requirements.VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 32 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 18. Optimization• Optimize – To make as effective, perfect, or useful as possible – To make the best of• Optimum – The most favorable point, degree, or amount of something for obtaining a given result – The best result obtainable under specific conditions – The most favorable or desirableVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 33 c JOG System Engineering What Is It - System Integration? Xi Yi The act or process of forming, coordinating, or blending two or more elements into a functioning or unified whole. Perhaps it can best be described in terms of its parts.VERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 34 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 19. How Do We Turn On the Switch? EVERYTHING SERVES AND DERIVES FROM THE CREATIVE GENIUS OF THE DESIGN ENGINEERVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 35 c JOG System Engineering System Engineering Services To the Designer ENCOURAGE AUDIT INFORMATIONINTERFACES SHARING PUSH THE CONSTRAINING BOUNDARY BACK AS FAR AS POSSIBLE ASSESS/EVALUATE INTEGRATE - OPTIMIZE DEFINE THE BOUNDARYVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 36 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 20. Integration Skills INTEGRATION INTEGRATION ELEMENT Yi ELEMENT Xi DOMAIN OF THE SYSTEM ENGINEER DOMAIN DOMAIN X YVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 37 c JOG System Engineering Grand Systems Overview Course One-Day Verification Outline 4.1 Introduction to Verification 4.2 Requirements Validation 4.3 Item Qualification Requirements Identification 4.4 Verification Requirements Writing Workshop 4.5 Item Qualification Planning and Documentation 4.6 Top-Down Item Qualification Planning Workshop 4.7 Item Qualification Implementation, Reporting, Management, and Audit 4.8 Item Acceptance and System Test and Evaluation OverviewVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 38 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 21. What is Verification? UNFAVORABLE FAVORFABLE OUTCOME COMPARISON OUTCOME STANDARD OBJECT OF INTERESTVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 39 c JOG System Engineering Verification Purpose and Mechanism• Irrefutably establish that the product design satisfies the previously approved requirements• Develop evidence of compliance in test and analysis reports• Verification is the management discipline of coordinating the acquisition, communication, and review of that evidence• Proof of product representations for future useVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 40 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 22. The V Model Encourages Good Requirements DELIVERY NEED VERIFICATION VERIFICATION PLAN PROCEDURE SYSTEM SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS TEST END ITEM END ITEM REQUIREMENTS TESTDEVELOPMENT VERIFICATION SUBSYSTEM SUBSYSTEMDOWNSTROKE REPORTS REQUIREMENTS TEST COMPONENT COMPONENT REQUIREMENTS TEST STRUCTURED DEVELOPMENT ANALYSIS DESIGN & UPSTROKE INTEGRATIONVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 41 c JOG System Engineering Verification Classes • Item qualification – Driven by item performance specifications – Proves design adequate for the application defined in the specification – Concluded by an audit called FCA • Item acceptance (first article and recurring) – Driven by the item detail specification – Proves the specific product article is acceptable for delivery to customer – First article acceptance concluded by audit called PCA followed by recurring acceptance • System test and evaluation – Driven by system specification content – DT&E – OT&EVERSION 12.0 4012A0-1- 42 c JOG System Engineering 4012A0-1-
  • 23. 4012A0-1-
  • 24. You have enjoyed ATIs preview of TOTAL SYSTEMS ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT AND MANAGEMENT Please post your comments and questions to our blog: http://www.aticourses.com/blog/ Sign-up for ATIs monthly Course Schedule Updates :http://www.aticourses.com/email_signup_page.html