Ati space, satellite,aerospace,engineering technical training courses catalog Vol 116

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Ati space, satellite,aerospace,engineering technical training courses catalog Vol 116

Ati space, satellite,aerospace,engineering technical training courses catalog Vol 116

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  • 1. APPliED TEChNology iNSTiTuTE, llC Training Rocket Scientists Since 1984 Volume 116 Valid through June 2014 AL H N IC G TEC ININ TE TRA & ONSI 4 IC PUBL 98 CE 1 SIN Sign Up to Access Course Samplers Acoustics & Sonar Engineering Cyber Security, Communications & Networking Radar, Missiles, & Defense Systems Engineering & Project Management Space & Satellites Systems Engineering & Data Analysis
  • 2. Applied Technology Institute, LLC 349 Berkshire Drive Riva, Maryland 21140-1433 Tel 410-956-8805 • Fax 410-956-5785 Toll Free 1-888-501-2100 Technical and Training Professionals, Now is the time to think about bringing an ATI course to your site! If there are 8 or more people who are interested in a course, you save money if we bring the course to you. If you have 15 or more students, you save over 50% compared to a public course. This catalog includes upcoming open enrollment dates for many courses. We can teach any of them at your location. Our website,, lists over 50 additional courses that we offer. For 29 years, the Applied Technology Institute (ATI) has earned the TRUST of training departments nationwide. We have presented “on-site” training at all major DoD facilities and NASA centers, and for a large number of their contractors. Since 1984, we have emphasized the big picture systems engineering perspective in: - Cyber Security, Communications & Networking - Defense Topics - Engineering & Data Analysis - Sonar & Acoustic Engineering - Space & Satellite Systems - Systems Engineering with instructors who love to teach! We are constantly adding new topics to our list of courses - please call if you have a scientific or engineering training requirement that is not listed. We would love to send you a quote for an onsite course! For “on-site” presentations, we can tailor the course, combine course topics for audience relevance, and develop new or specialized courses to meet your objectives. Regards, P.S. We can help you arrange “on-site” courses with your training department. Give us a call. 2 – Vol. 116 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 3. Table of Contents Space & Satellite Systems Communications Payload Design - Satellite System Architecture Mar 4-7, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Earth Station Design Jan 6-9, 2014 • Fayetteville, North Carolina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Jun 9-12, 2014 • Colorado Springs, Colorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Ground Systems Design & Operation May 20-22, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging Jun 10-12, 2014 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 IP Networking Over Satellite Jan 28-29, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Orbital & Launch Mechanics – Fundamentals Apr 14-17, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 SATCOM Technology & Networks May 20-22, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Satellite Communications - An Essential Introduction Feb 3-6, 2014 • Virtual Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Apr 8-10, 2014 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Satellite Communications - Design & Engineering Mar 4-6, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Satellite Communications Systems - Advanced Jan 21-23, 2014 • Cocoa Beach, Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Satellite Laser Communications Feb 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Apr 28-May 1, 2014 • Cleveland, Ohio. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Space Environment: Implications for Spacecraft Design Jan 27-28, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Apr 15-16, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Spacecraft Reliability, Quality Assurance, Integrations & Testing Mar 13-14, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Space Systems Fundamentals Jan 20-23, 2014 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Spacecraft Power Systems Apr 8-9, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Spacecraft Thermal Control Feb 27-28, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Systems Engineering & Project Management Agile Boot Camp / Agile Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Agile in the Government Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Agile Project Management Certification Workshop (PMI-ACP) . . 21 CSEP Preparation Feb 10-11, 2014 • Orlando, Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Cost Estimating Feb 25-26, 2014 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Effective Design Reviews Apr 8-9, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Systems Engineering - Requirements Jan 28-30, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Defense, Missiles, & Radar AESA Airborne Radar Theory & Operations NEW! May 12-15, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Combat Systems Engineering Feb 25-27, 2014 • Huntsville, Alabama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Mar 18-20, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Directed Infrared Countermeasures (DIRCM) Principles Apr 1-2, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Electronic Warfare - Advanced Apr 7-10, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Electronic Warfare - Overview Feb 4-5, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 GPS Technology Jan 13-16, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Mar 10-13, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Missile System Design Feb 10-13, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Modern Missile Analysis Jan 20-23, 2014 • Huntsville, Alabama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Feb 3-6, 2014 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Feb 18-21, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Multi-Target Tracking & Multi-Sensor Data Fusion (MSDF) Jan 28-30, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Passive Emitter Geo-Location Feb 11-13, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Principles of Modern Radar May 12-15, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Propagation Effects for Radar & Communication Systems Apr 8-10, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Radar 101 / 201 Apr 15-16, 2014 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Radar Systems Design & Engineering Feb 24-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Jun 23-26, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Rockets & Missiles - Fundamentals Mar 4-6, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Rocket Propulsion 101 Mar 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Software Defined Radio Engineering Jan 21-23, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Apr 22-24, 2014 • Cleveland, Ohio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Solid Rocket Motor Design & Applications Apr 15-17, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Synthetic Aperture Radar - Fundamentals Feb 10-11, 2014 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 May 5-6, 2014 • Denver, Colorado. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Synthetic Aperture Radar - Advanced Feb 12-13, 2014 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 May 7-8, 2014 • Denver, Colorado. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Tactical Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance Mar 18-20, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Unmanned Air Vehicle Design Feb 18-20, 2014 • Hampton, Virginia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Apr 22-24, 2014 • Dayton, Ohio . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Unmanned Aircraft System Fundamentals Feb 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Cyber Security, Engineering & Communications Cyber Warfare - Global Trends Feb 11-13, 2014 • Laurel, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Apr 7-10, 2014 • Virtual Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Digital Video Systems, Broadcast & Operations Mar 17-20, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Design for Electromagnetic Compatibility / Signal Integrity Feb 11-13, 2014 • San Diego, California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Feb 18-20, 2014 • Orlando, Florida. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 EMI / EMC in Military Systems May 20-22, 2014 • Northern, Virginia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms: Fundamentals Mar 11-12, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Fiber Optic Communications Apr 15-17, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Kalman, H-Infinity, & Nonlinear Estimation May 20-22, 2014 • Laurel, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 RF Engineering - Fundamentals Mar 18-19, 2014 • Laurel, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering Feb 24-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Wireless Communications & Spread Spectrum Design Mar 24-26, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Acoustics & Sonar Engineering Acoustics Fundamentals, Measurements & Applications Feb 25-27, 2014 • San Diego, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Mar 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Design, Operation, & Data Analysis of Side Scan Sonar Systems Feb 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Random Vibration & Shock Testing - Fundamentals Feb 18-20, 2014 • Santa Barbara, California . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Apr 8-10, 2014 • Detroit, Michigan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 May 20-22, 2014 • Santa Clarita, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Sonar Transducer Design - Fundamentals Mar 18-20, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Military Standard 810G Jan 13-16, 2014 • Cape Canaveral, Florida. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Feb 4-7, 2014 • Santa Clarita, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Topics for On-site Courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Popular “On-site” Topics & Ways to Register . . . . . 64 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 3
  • 4. Communications Payload Design and Satellite System Architecture March 4-7, 2014 Course Outline Columbia, Maryland 1. Communications Payloads and Service Requirements. Bandwidth, coverage, services and applications; RF link characteristics and appropriate use of link budgets; bent pipe payloads using passive and active components; specific demands for broadband data, IP over satellite, mobile communications and service availability; principles for using digital processing in system architecture, and on-board processor examples at L band (non-GEO and GEO) and Ka band. 2. Systems Engineering to Meet Service Requirements. Transmission engineering of the satellite link and payload (modulation and FEC, standards such as DVB-S2 and Adaptive Coding and Modulation, ATM and IP routing in space); optimizing link and payload design through consideration of traffic distribution and dynamics, link margin, RF interference and frequency coordination requirements. 3. Bent-pipe Repeater Design. Example of a detailed block and level diagram, design for low noise amplification, down-conversion design, IMUX and band-pass filtering, group delay and gain slope, AGC and linearizaton, power amplification (SSPA and TWTA, linearization and parallel combining), OMUX and design for high power/multipactor, redundancy switching and reliability assessment. 4. Spacecraft Antenna Design and Performance. Fixed reflector systems (offset parabola, Gregorian, Cassegrain) feeds and feed systems, movable and reconfigurable antennas; shaped reflectors; linear and circular polarization. 5. Communications Payload Performance Budgeting. Gain to Noise Temperature Ratio (G/T), Saturation Flux Density (SFD), and Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP); repeater gain/loss budgeting; frequency stability and phase noise; third-order intercept (3ICP), gain flatness, group delay; non-linear phase shift (AM/PM); out of band rejection and amplitude non-linearity (C3IM and NPR). 6. On-board Digital Processor Technology. A/D and D/A conversion, digital signal processing for typical channels and formats (FDMA, TDMA, CDMA); demodulation and remodulation, multiplexing and packet switching; static and dynamic beam forming; design requirements and service impacts. 7. Multi-beam Antennas. Fixed multi-beam antennas using multiple feeds, feed layout and isloation; phased array approaches using reflectors and direct radiating arrays; onboard versus ground-based beamforming. 8. RF Interference and Spectrum Management Considerations. Unraveling the FCC and ITU international regulatory and coordination process; choosing frequency bands that address service needs; development of regulatory and frequency coordination strategy based on successful case studies. 9. Ground Segment Selection and Optimization. Overall architecture of the ground segment: satellite TT&C and communications services; earth station and user terminal capabilities and specifications (fixed and mobile); modems and baseband systems; selection of appropriate antenna based on link requirements and end-user/platform considerations. 10. Earth station and User Terminal Tradeoffs: RF tradeoffs (RF power, EIRP, G/T); network design for provision of service (star, mesh and hybrid networks); portability and mobility. 11. Performance and Capacity Assessment. Determining capacity requirements in terms of bandwidth, power and network operation; selection of the air interface (multiple access, modulation and coding); interfaces with satellite and ground segment; relationship to available standards in current use and under development. 12. Advanced Concepts for Inter-satellite Links and System Verification. Requirements for inter-satellite links in communications and tracking applications. RF technology at Ka and Q bands; optical laser innovations that are applied to satellite-to-satellite and satellite-to-ground links. Innovations in verification of payload and ground segment performance and operation; where and how to review sources of available technology and software to evaluate subsystem and system performance; guidelines for overseeing development and evaluating alternate technologies and their sources. $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video! Summary This four-day course provides communications and satellite systems engineers and system architects with a comprehensive and accurate approach for the specification and detailed design of the communications payload and its integration into a satellite system. Both standard bent pipe repeaters and digital processors (on board and ground-based) are studied in depth, and optimized from the standpoint of maximizing throughput and coverage (single footprint and multi-beam). Applications in Fixed Satellite Service (C, X, Ku and Ka bands) and Mobile Satellite Service (L and S bands) are addressed as are the requirements of the associated ground segment for satellite control and the provision of services to end users. Discussion will address intersatellite links using millimeter wave RF and optical technologies. The text, Satellite Communication – Third Edition (Artech House, 2008) is included. Instructor Bruce R. Elbert (MSEE, MBA) is president of an independent satellite communications consulting firm. He is a recognized satellite communications expert with 40 years of experience in satellite communications payload and systems engineering beginning at COMSAT Laboratories and including 25 years with Hughes Electronics (now Boeing Satellite). He has contributed to the design and construction of major communications satellites, including Intelsat V, Inmarsat 4, Galaxy, Thuraya, DIRECTV, Morelos (Mexico) and Palapa A (Indonesia). Mr. Elbert led R&D in Ka band systems and is a prominent expert in the application of millimeter wave technology to commercial use. He has written eight books, including: The Satellite Communication Applications Handbook – Second Edition (Artech House, 2004), The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook (Artech House, 2004), and Introduction to Satellite Communication - Third Edition (Artech House, 2008), is included. What You Will Learn • How to transform system and service requirements into payload specifications and design elements. • What are the specific characteristics of payload components, such as antennas, LNAs, microwave filters, channel and power amplifiers, and power combiners. • What space and ground architecture to employ when evaluating on-board processing and multiple beam antennas, and how these may be configured for optimum end-to-end performance. • How to understand the overall system architecture and the capabilities of ground segment elements - hubs and remote terminals - to integrate with the payload, constellation and end-to-end system. • From this course you will obtain the knowledge, skill and ability to configure a communications payload based on its service requirements and technical features. You will understand the engineering processes and device characteristics that determine how the payload is put together and operates in a state - of - the - art telecommunications system to meet user needs. 4 – Vol. 116 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 5. Earth Station Design, Implementation, Operation and Maintenance for Satellite Communications January 6-9, 2014 Fayetteville, North Carolina June 9-12, 2014 Colorado Springs, Colorado $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video! Summary This intensive four-day course is intended for satellite communications engineers, earth station design professionals, and operations and maintenance managers and technical staff. The course provides a proven approach to the design of modern earth stations, from the system level down to the critical elements that determine the performance and reliability of the facility. We address the essential technical properties in the baseband and RF, and delve deeply into the block diagram, budgets and specification of earth stations and hubs. Also addressed are practical approaches for the procurement and implementation of the facility, as well as proper practices for O&M and testing throughout the useful life. The overall methodology assures that the earth station meets its requirements in a cost effective and manageable manner. Each student will receive a copy of Bruce R. Elbert’s text The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Engineering Handbook, Artech House, 2001. Instructor Bruce R. Elbert, (MSEE, MBA) is president of an independent satellite communications consulting firm. He is a recognized satellite communications expert and has been involved in the satellite and telecommunications industries for over 40 years. He founded ATSI to assist major private and public sector organizations that develop and operate digital video and broadband networks using satellite technologies and services. During 25 years with Hughes Electronics, he directed the design of several major satellite projects, including Palapa A, Indonesia’s original satellite system; the Galaxy follow-on system (the largest and most successful satellite TV system in the world); and the development of the first GEO mobile satellite system capable of serving handheld user terminals. Mr. Elbert was also ground segment manager for the Hughes system, which included eight teleports and 3 VSAT hubs. He served in the US Army Signal Corps as a radio communications officer and instructor. By considering the technical, business, and operational aspects of satellite systems, Mr. Elbert has contributed to the operational and economic success of leading organizations in the field. He has written seven books on telecommunications and IT, including Introduction to Satellite Communication, Third Edition (Artech House, 2008). The Satellite Communication Applications Handbook, Second Edition (Artech House, 2004); The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook (Artech House, 2001), the course text. Course Outline 1. Ground Segment and Earth Station Technical Aspects. Evolution of satellite communication earth stations— teleports and hubs • Earth station design philosophy for performance and operational effectiveness • Engineering principles • Propagation considerations • The isotropic source, line of sight, antenna principles • Atmospheric effects: troposphere (clear air and rain) and ionosphere (Faraday and scintillation) • Rain effects and rainfall regions • Use of the DAH and Crane rain models • Modulation systems (QPSK, OQPSK, MSK, GMSK, 8PSK, 16 QAM, and 32 APSK) • Forward error correction techniques (Viterbi, Reed-Solomon, Turbo, and LDPC codes) • Transmission equation and its relationship to the link budget • Radio frequency clearance and interference consideration • RFI prediction techniques • Antenna sidelobes (ITU-R Rec 732) • Interference criteria and coordination • Site selection • RFI problem identification and resolution. 2. Major Earth Station Engineering. RF terminal design and optimization. Antennas for major earth stations (fixed and tracking, LP and CP) • Upconverter and HPA chain (SSPA, TWTA, and KPA) • LNA/LNB and downconverter chain. Optimization of RF terminal configuration and performance (redundancy, power combining, and safety) • Baseband equipment configuration and integration • Designing and verifying the terrestrial interface • Station monitor and control • Facility design and implementation • Prime power and UPS systems. Developing environmental requirements (HVAC) • Building design and construction • Grounding and lightening control. 3. Hub Requirements and Supply. Earth station uplink and downlink gain budgets • EIRP budget • Uplink gain budget and equipment requirements • G/T budget • Downlink gain budget • Ground segment supply process • Equipment and system specifications • Format of a Request for Information • Format of a Request for Proposal • Proposal evaluations • Technical comparison criteria • Operational requirements • Costbenefit and total cost of ownership. 4. Link Budget Analysis Related to the Earth Station. Standard ground rules for satellite link budgets • Frequency band selection: L, S, C, X, Ku, and Ka • Satellite footprints (EIRP, G/T, and SFD) and transponder plans • Transponder loading and optimum multi-carrier backoff • How to assess transponder capacity • Maximize throughput • Minimize receive dish size • Minimize transmit power • Examples: DVB-S2 broadcast, digital VSAT network with multi-carrier operation. 5. Earth Terminal Maintenance Requirements and Procedures. Outdoor systems • Antennas, mounts and waveguide • Field of view • Shelter, power and safety • Indoor RF and IF systems • Vendor requirements by subsystem • Failure modes and routine testing. 6. VSAT Basseband Hub Maintenance Requirements and Procedures. IF and modem equipment • Performance evaluation • Test procedures • TDMA control equipment and software • Hardware and computers • Network management system • System software 7. Hub Procurement and Operation Case Study. General requirements and life-cycle • Block diagram • Functional division into elements for design and procurement • System level specifications • Vendor options • Supply specifications and other requirements • RFP definition • Proposal evaluation • O&M planning Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 5
  • 6. Ground Systems Design and Operation May 20-22, 2014 Columbia, Maryland Summary This three-day course provides a practical introduction to all aspects of ground system design and operation. Starting with basic communications principles, an understanding is developed of ground system architectures and system design issues. The function of major ground system elements is explained, leading to a discussion of day-to-day operations. The course concludes with a discussion of current trends in Ground System design and operations. This course is intended for engineers, technical managers, and scientists who are interested in acquiring a working understanding of ground systems as an introduction to the field or to help broaden their overall understanding of space mission systems and mission operations. It is also ideal for technical professionals who need to use, manage, operate, or purchase a ground system. Instructor Steve Gemeny is Director of Engineering for Syntonics. Formerly Senior Member of the Professional Staff at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where he served as Ground Station Lead for the TIMED mission to explore Earth’s atmosphere and Lead Ground System Engineer on the New Horizons mission to explore Pluto by 2020. Prior to joining the Applied Physics Laboratory, Mr. Gemeny held numerous engineering and technical sales positions with Orbital Sciences Corporation, Mobile TeleSystems Inc. and COMSAT Corporation beginning in 1980. Mr. Gemeny is an experienced professional in the field of Ground Station and Ground System design in both the commercial world and on NASA Science missions with a wealth of practical knowledge spanning more than three decades. Mr. Gemeny delivers his experiences and knowledge to his students with an informative and entertaining presentation style. What You Will Learn • The fundamentals of ground system design, architecture and technology. • Cost and performance tradeoffs in the spacecraft-toground communications link. • Cost and performance tradeoffs in the design and implementation of a ground system. • The capabilities and limitations of the various modulation types (FM, PSK, QPSK). • The fundamentals of ranging and orbit determination for orbit maintenance. • Basic day-to-day operations practices and procedures for typical ground systems. • Current trends and recent experiences in cost and schedule constrained operations. 6 – Vol. 116 $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. The Link Budget. An introduction to basic communications system principles and theory; system losses, propagation effects, Ground Station performance, and frequency selection. 2. Ground System Architecture and System Design. An overview of ground system topology providing an introduction to ground system elements and technologies. 3. Ground System Elements. An element by element review of the major ground station subsystems, explaining roles, parameters, limitations, tradeoffs, and current technology. 4. Figure of Merit (G/T). An introduction to the key parameter used to characterize satellite ground station performance, bringing all ground station elements together to form a complete system. 5. Modulation Basics. An introduction to modulation types, signal sets, analog and digital modulation schemes, and modulator demodulator performance characteristics. 6. Ranging and Tracking. A discussion of ranging and tracking for orbit determination. 7. Ground System Networks and Standards. A survey of several ground system networks and standards with a discussion of applicability, advantages, disadvantages, and alternatives. 8. Ground System Operations. A discussion of day-to-day operations in a typical ground system including planning and staffing, spacecraft commanding, health and status monitoring, data recovery, orbit determination, and orbit maintenance. 9. Trends in Ground System Design. A discussion of the impact of the current cost and schedule constrained approach on Ground System design and operation, including COTS hardware and software systems, autonomy, and unattended “lights out” operations. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 7. Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging June 10-12, 2014 Chantilly, Virginia $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video! Taught by an internationally recognized leader & expert in spectral remote sensing! Summary This three-day class is designed for engineers, scientists and other remote sensing professionals who wish to become familiar with multispectral and hyperspectral remote sensing technology. Students in this course will learn the basic physics of spectroscopy, the types of spectral sensors currently used by government and industry, and the types of data processing used for various applications. Lectures will be enhanced by computer demonstrations. After taking this course, students should be able to communicate and work productively with other professionals in this field. Each student will receive a complete set of notes and the textbook, Remote Sensing of the Environment, 2nd edition, by John R. Jensen. Instructor Dr. William Roper, P.E. holds PhD Environmental Engineering, Mich. State University and BS and MS in Engineering, University of Wisconsin. He has served as a Senior Executive (SES), US Army, President and Founding Director Rivers of the World Foundation,. His research interests include remote sensing and geospatial applications, sustainable development, environmental assessment, water resource stewardship, and infrastructure energy efficiency. Dr. Roper is the author of four books, over 150 technical papers and speaker at numerous national and international forums. Course Outline 1. Introduction to Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing. 2. Sensor Types and Characterization. Design tradeoffs. Data formats and systems. 3. Optical Properties For Remote Sensing. Solar radiation. Atmospheric transmittance, absorption and scattering. 4. Sensor Modeling and Evaluation. Spatial, spectral, and radiometric resolution. 5. Multivariate Data Analysis. Scatterplots. Impact of sensor performance on data characteristics. 6. Assessment of unique signature characteristics. Differentiation of water, vegetation, soils and urban infrastructure. 7. Hyperspectral Data Analysis. Frequency band selection and band combination assessment. 8. Matching sensor characteristics to study objectives. Sensor matching to specific application examples. 9. Classification of Remote Sensing Data. Supervised and unsupervised classification; Parametric and non-parametric classifiers. 10. Application Case Studies. Application examples used to illustrate principles and show in-the-field experience. What You Will Learn • The properties of remote sensing systems. • How to match sensors to project applications. • The limitations of passive optical remote sensing systems and the alternative systems that address these limitations. • The types of processing used for classification of image data. • Evaluation methods for spatial, spectral, temporal and radiometric resolution analysis. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 7
  • 8. IP Networking Over Satellite Performance and Efficiency January 28-29, 2014 Columbia, Marylandl $1150 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Instructor Burt H. Liebowitz is Principal Network Engineer at the MITRE Corporation, McLean, Virginia, specializing in the analysis of wireless services. He has more than 30 years experience in computer networking, the last ten of which have focused on Internet-oversatellite services in demanding military and commercial applications. He was President of NetSat Express Inc., a leading provider of such services. Before that he was Chief Technical Officer for Loral Orion, responsible for Internetover-satellite access products. Mr. Liebowitz has authored two books on distributed processing and numerous articles on computing and communications systems. He has lectured extensively on computer networking. He holds three patents for a satellite-based data networking system. Mr. Liebowitz has B.E.E. and M.S. in Mathematics degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and an M.S.E.E. from Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. What You Will Learn • IP protocols at the network, transport and application layers. Voice over IP (VOIP). • The impact of IP overheads and the off the shelf devices available to reduce this impact: WAN optimizers, header compression, voice and video compression, performance enhancement proxies, voice multiplexers, caching, satellite-based IP multicasting. • How to deploy Quality of Service (QoS) mechanisms and use traffic engineering to ensure maximum performance (fast response time, low packet loss, low packet delay and jitter) over communication links. • How to use satellites as essential elements in mission critical data networks. • How to understand and overcome the impact of propagation delay and bit errors on throughput and response time in satellite-based IP networks. • Impact of new coding and modulation techniques on bandwidth efficiency – more bits per second per hertz. • How adaptive coding and modulation (ACM) can improve bandwidth efficiency. • How to link satellite and terrestrial circuits to create hybrid IP networks. • How to use statistical multiplexing to reduce the cost and amount of satellite resources that support converged voice, video, data networks with strict performance requirements. • Link budget tradeoffs in the design of TDM/TDMA DAMA networks. • Standards for IP Modems: DVB in the commercial world, JIPM in the military world. • How to select the appropriate system architectures for Internet access, enterprise and content delivery networks. • The impact on cost and performance of new technology, such as LEOs, Ka band, on-board processing, inter-satellite links, traffic optimization devices, high through put satellites such as Jupiter, Viasat-1. After taking this course you will understand how to implement highly efficient satellite-based networks that provide Internet access, multicast content delivery services, and mission-critical Intranet services to users around the world. 8 – Vol. 116 Summary This two-day in-person or (three-day Live Virtual) course is designed for satellite engineers and managers in military, government and industry who need to increase their understanding of how Internet Protocols (IP) can be used to efficiently transmit missioncritical converged traffic over satellites. IP has become the worldwide standard for converged data, video, voice communications in military and commercial applications. Satellites extend the reach of the Internet and mission-critical Intranets. Satellites deliver multicast content anywhere in the world. New generation, high throughput satellites provide efficient transport for IP. With these benefits come challenges. Satellite delay and bit errors can impact performance. Satellite links must be integrated with terrestrial networks. IP protocols create overheads. Encryption creates overheads. Space segment is expensive. There are routing and security issues. This course explains techniques that can mitigate these challenges, including traffic engineering, quality of service, WAN optimization devices, voice multiplexers, data compression, TDMA DAMA to capture statistical multiplexing gains, improved satellite modulation and coding. Quantitative techniques for understanding throughput and response time are presented. System diagrams describe the satellite/terrestrial interface. Detailed case histories illustrate methods for optimizing the design of converged real-world networks to produce responsive networks while minimizing the use and cost of satellite resources. The course notes provide an up-to-date reference. An extensive bibliography is supplied. Course Outline 1. Overview of Data Networking and Internet Protocols. Packet switching vs. circuit switching. Seven Layer Model (ISO). The Internet Protocol (IP). Addressing, Routing, Multicasting. Impact of bit errors and propagation delay on TCP-based applications. User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Introduction to higher level services. NAT and tunneling. Use of encryptors such as HAIPE and IPSec. Impact of IP Version 6. Impact of IP overheads. 2. Quality of Service Issues in the Internet. QoS factors for streams and files. Performance of voice over IP (VOIP). Video issues. Response time for web object retrievals using HTTP. Methods for improving QoS: ATM, MPLS, DiffServ, RSVP. Priority processing and packet discard in routers. Caching and performance enhancement. Use of WAN optimizers, header compression, caching to reduce impact of data redundancies, and IP overheads. Performance enhancing proxies reduce impact of satellite delay. Network Management and Security issues including impact of encryption in IP networks. 3. Satellite Data Networking Architectures. Geosynchronous satellites. The link budget, modulation and coding techniques. Methods for improving satellite link efficiency (bits per second/Hz)– including adaptive coding and modulation (ACM) and overlapped carriers. Ground station architectures for data networking: Point to Point, Point to Multipoint using satellite hubs. Shared outbound carriers incorporating DVB. Return channels for shared outbound systems: TDMA, CDMA, Aloha, DVB/RCS. Suppliers of DAMA systems. Full mesh networks. Military, commercial standards for DAMA systems. The JIPM IP modem and other advanced modems. 4. System Design Issues. Mission critical Intranet issues including asymmetric routing, reliable multicast, impact of user mobility: small antennas and pointing errors, low efficiency and data rates, traffic handoff, hub-assist mitigations. Comm. on the move vs. comm. on the halt. Military and commercial content delivery case histories. 5. Predicting Performance in Mission Critical Networks. Queuing models to help predict response time based on workload, performance requirements and channel rates. Single server, priority queues and multiple server queues. 6. Design Case Histories. Integrating voice and data requirements in mission-critical networks using TDMA/DAMA. Start with offered-demand and determine how to wring out data redundancies. Create statistical multiplexing gains by use of TDMA DAMA. Optimize space segment requirements using link budget tradeoffs. Determine savings that can accrue from ACM. Investigate hub assist in mobile networks with small antennas. 7. A View of the Future. Impact of Ka-band and spot beam satellites. Benefits and issues associated with Onboard Processing. LEO, MEO, GEOs. Descriptions of current and proposed commercial and military satellite systems including MUOS, GBS and the new generation of commercial high throughput satellites (e.g. ViaSat 1, Jupiter). Low-cost ground station technology. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 9. Orbital & Launch Mechanics-Fundamentals Ideas and Insights Each Stu receive a dent will receiver free GPS with co displays lor map ! April 14-17, 2014 Columbia, Maryland Summary Award-winning rocket scientist, Thomas S. Logsdon really enjoys teaching this short course because everything about orbital mechanics is counterintuitive. Fly your spacecraft into a 100-mile circular orbit. Put on the brakes and your spacecraft speeds up! Mash down the accelerator and it slows down! Throw a banana peel out the window and 45 minutes later it will come back and slap you in the face! In this comprehensive 4-day short course, Mr. Logsdon uses 400 clever color graphics to clarify these and a dozen other puzzling mysteries associated with orbital mechanics. He also provides you with a few simple one-page derivations using real-world inputs to illustrate all the key concepts being explored Instructor For more than 30 years, Thomas S. Logsdon, has conducted broadranging studies on orbital mechanics at McDonnell Douglas, Boeing Aerospace, and Rockwell International His key research projects have included Project Apollo, the Skylab capsule, the nuclear flight stage and the GPS radionavigation system. Mr. Logsdon has taught 300 short course and lectured in 31 different countries on six continents. He has written 40 technical papers and journal articles and 29 technical books including Striking It Rich in Space, Orbital Mechanics: Theory and Applications, Understanding the Navstar, and Mobile Communication Satellites. What You Will Learn • How do we launch a satellite into orbit and maneuver it into a new location? • How do today’s designers fashion performance-optimal constellations of satellites swarming the sky? • How do planetary swingby maneuvers provide such amazing gains in performance? • How can we design the best multi-stage rocket for a particular mission? • What are libration point orbits? Were they really discovered in 1772? How do we place satellites into halo orbits circling around these empty points in space? • What are JPL’s superhighways in space? How were they discovered? How are they revolutionizing the exploration of space? $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video! Course Outline 1. The Essence of Astrodynamics. Kepler’s amazing laws. Newton’s clever generalizations. Launch azimuths and ground-trace geometry. Orbital perturbations. 2. Satellite Orbits. Isaac Newton’s vis viva equation. Orbital energy and angular momentum. Gravity wells. The six classical Keplerian orbital elements. 3. Rocket Propulsion Fundamentals. The rocket equation. Building efficient liquid and solid rockets. Performance calculations. Multi-stage rocket design. 4. Modern Booster Rockets. Russian boosters on parade. The Soyuz rocket and its economies of scale. Russian and American design philosophies. America’s powerful new Falcon 9. Sleek rockets and highly reliable cars. 5. Powered Flight Maneuvers. The Hohmann transfer maneuver. Multi-impulse and low-thrust maneuvers. Plane-change maneuvers. The bi-elliptic transfer. Relative motion plots. Deorbiting spent stages. Planetary swingby maneuvers. 6. Optimal Orbit Selection. Polar and sun synchronous orbits. Geostationary satellites and their on-orbit perturbations. ACE-orbit constellations. Libration point orbits. Halo orbits. Interplanetary spacecraft trajectories. Mars-mission opportunities. Deep-space mission. 7. Constellation Selection Trades. Civilian and military constellations. John Walker’s rosette configurations. John Draim’s constellations. Repeating ground-trace orbits. Earth coverage simulations. 8. Cruising Along JPL’s Superhighways in Space. Equipotential surfaces and 3-dimensional manifolds. Perfecting and executing the Genesis mission. Capturing ancient stardust in space. Simulating thick bundles of chaotic trajectories. Driving along tomorrow’s unpaved freeways in the sky. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 9
  • 10. SATCOM Technology & Networks Summary This three-day short course provides accurate background in the fundamentals, applications and approach for cutting-edge satellite networks for use in military and civil government environments. The focus is on commercial SATCOM solutions (GEO and LEO) and government satellite systems (WGS, MUOS and A-EHF), assuring thorough coverage of evolving capabilities. It is appropriate for non-technical professionals, managers and engineers new to the field as well as experienced professionals wishing to update and round out their understanding of current systems and solutions. Instructor Bruce Elbert is a recognized SATCOM technology and network expert and has been involved in the satellite and telecommunications industries for over 35 years. He consults to major satellite organizations and government agencies in the technical and operations aspects of applying satellite technology. Prior to forming his consulting firm, he was Senior Vice President of Operations in the international satellite division of Hughes Electronics (now Boeing Satellite), where he introduced advanced broadband and mobile satellite technologies. He directed the design of several major satellite projects, including Palapa A, Indonesia's original satellite system; the Hughes Galaxy satellite system; and the development of the first GEO mobile satellite system capable of serving handheld user terminals. He has written seven books on telecommunications and IT, including Introduction to Satellite Communication, Third Edition (Artech House, 2008), The Satellite Communication Applications Handbook, Second Edition (Artech House, 2004); and The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook (Artech House, 2001). Mr. Elbert holds the MSEE from the University of Maryland, College Park, the BEE from the City University of New York, and the MBA from Pepperdine University. He is adjunct professor in the College of Engineering at the University of Wisconsin Madison, covering various aspects of data communications, and presents satellite communications short courses through UCLA Extension. He served as a captain in the US Army Signal Corps, including a tour with the 4th Infantry Division in South Vietnam and as an Instructor Team Chief at the Signal School, Ft. Gordon, GA. What You Will Learn • How a satellite functions to provide communications links to typical earth stations and user terminals. • The various technologies used to meet requirements for bandwidth, service quality and reliability. • Basic characteristics of modulation, coding and Internet Protocol processing. • How satellite links are used to satisfy requirements of the military for mobility and broadband network services for warfighters. • The characteristics of the latest US-owned MILSATCOM systems, including WGS, MUOS, AEHF, and the approach for using commercial satellites at L, C, X, Ku and Ka bands. • Proper application of SATCOM to IP networks. 10 – Vol. 116 May 20-22, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Principles of Modern SATCOM Systems. Fundamentals of satellites and their use in communications networks of earth stations: Architecture of the space segment - GEO and non-GEO orbits, impact on performance and coverage. Satellite construction: program requirements and duration; major suppliers: Boeing, EADS Astrium, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Orbital Sciences, Space Systems/Loral, Thales Alenia. Basic design of the communications satellite - repeater, antennas, spacecraft bus, processor; requirements for launch, lifetime, and retirement from service. Network arrangements for oneway (broadcast) and two-way (star and mesh); relationship to requirements in government and military. Satellite operators and service providers: Intelsat, SES, Inmarsat, Eutelsat, Telenor, et al. The uplink and downlink: Radio wave propagation in various bands: L, C, X, Ku and Ka. Standard and adaptive coding and modulation: DVB-S2, Turbo Codes, Joint IP Modem. Link margin, adjacent channel interference, error rate. Time Division and Code Division Multiple Access on satellite links, carrier in carrier operation. 2. Ground Segments and Networks of Yser Terminals. System architecture: point-to-point, TDMA VSAT, ad-hoc connectivity. Terminal design for fixed, portable and mobile application delivery, and service management/control. Broadband mobile solutions for COTM and UAV. Use of satellite communications by the military - strategic and tactical: Government programs and MILSATCOM systems (general review): UFO and GBS, WGS, MUOS, A-EHF. Commercial SATCOM systems and solutions: Mobile Satellite Service (MSS): Inmarsat 4 series and B-GAN terminals and applications; Iridium, Fixed Satellite Service (FSS): Intelsat General and SES Americom Government Services (AGS) - C band and Ku band; XTAR - X band, Army and Marines use for short term and tactical requirements - global, regional and theatre, Providers in the marketplace: TCS, Arrowhead, Datapath, Artel, et al. Integration of SATCOM with other networks, particularly the Global Information Grid (GIG). 3. Internet Protocol Operation and Application. Data Networking - Internet Protocol and IP Services. Review of computer networking, OSI model, network layers, networking protocols. TCP/IP protocol suite: TCP, UDP, IP, IPv6. TCP protocol design: windowing; packet loss and retransmissions; slow start and congestion, TCP extensions. Operation and issues of TCP/IP over satellite: bandwidth-delay product, acknowledgement and retransmissions, congestion control. TCP/IP performance enhancement over satellite links. TCP acceleration, HTTP acceleration, CIFS acceleration, compression and caching Survey of available standards-based and proprietary optimization solutions: SCPS, XTP, satellite-specific optimization products, application-specific optimization products, solution section criteria. Quality of service (QoS) and performance acceleration IP multicast: IP multicast fundamentals, multicast deployment issues, solutions for reliable multicast. User Application Considerations. Voice over IP, voice quality, compression algorithms Web-based applications: HTTP, streaming VPN: resolving conflicts with TCP and HTTP acceleration Video Teleconferencing: H.320 and H.323. Network management architectures. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 11. Satellite Communications An Essential Introduction Summary This three-day (or four-day virtual ) course has been taught to thousands of industry professionals for almost thirty years, in public sessions and on-site to almost every major satellite manufacturer and operator, to rave reviews. The course is intended primarily for non-technical people who must understand the entire field of commercial satellite communications (including their increasing use by government agencies), and by those who must understand and communicate with engineers and other technical personnel. The secondary audience is technical personnel moving into the industry who need a quick and thorough overview of what is going on in the industry, and who need an example of how to communicate with less technical individuals. The course is a primer to the concepts, jargon, buzzwords, and acronyms of the industry, plus an overview of commercial satellite communications hardware, operations, business and regulatory environment. Concepts are explained at a basic level, minimizing the use of math, and providing real-world examples. Several calculations of important concepts such as link budgets are presented for illustrative purposes, but the details need not be understood in depth to gain an understanding of the concepts illustrated. The first section provides non-technical people with an overview of the business issues, including major operators, regulation and legal issues, security issues and issues and trends affecting the industry. The second section provides the technical background in a way understandable to non-technical audiences. The third and fourth sections cover the space and terrestrial parts of the industry. The last section deals with the space-to-Earth link, culminating with the importance of the link budget and multiple-access techniques. Attendees use a workbook of all the illustrations used in the course, as well as a copy of the instructor's textbook, Satellite Communications for the Non-Specialist. Plenty of time is allotted for questions Instructor Dr. Mark R. Chartrand is a consultant and lecturer in satellite telecommunications and the space sciences. Since 1984 he has presented professional seminars on satellite technology and space sciences to individuals and businesses in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia. Among the many companies and organizations to which he has presented this course are Intelsat, Inmarsat, Asiasat, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, PanAmSat, ViaSat, SES, Andrew Corporation, Alcatel Espace, the EU telecommunications directorate, the Canadian Space Agency, ING Bank, NSA, FBI, and DISA. Dr. Chartrand has served as a technical and/or business consultant to NASA, Arianespace, GTE Spacenet, Intelsat, Antares Satellite Corp., Moffett-Larson-Johnson, Arianespace, Delmarva Power, Hewlett-Packard, and the International Communications Satellite Society of Japan, among others. He has appeared as an invited expert witness before Congressional subcommittees and was an invited witness before the National Commission On Space. He was the founding editor and the Editor-in-Chief of the annual The World Satellite Systems Guide, and later the publication Strategic Directions in Satellite Communication. He is author of seven books, including an introductory textbook on satellite communications, and of hundreds of articles in the space sciences. He has been chairman of several international satellite conferences, and a speaker at many others. What You Will Learn • How do commercial satellites fit into the telecommunications industry? • How are satellites planned, built, launched, and operated? • How do earth stations function? • What is a link budget and why is it important? • What is radio frequency interference (RFI) and how does it affect links? • What legal and regulatory restrictions affect the industry? • What are the issues and trends driving the industry? February 3-6, 2014 LIVE Instructor-led Virtual (Noon - 4:30pm) April 8-10, 2014 Laurel, Maryland (8:30am - 4:30pm) $1845 "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video! Course Outline 1. Satellite Services, Markets, and Regulation. Introduction and historical background. The place of satellites in the global telecommunications market. Major competitors and satellites strengths and weaknesses. Satellite services and markets. Satellite system operators. Satellite economics. Satellite regulatory issues: role of the ITU, FCC, etc. Spectrum issues. Licensing issues and process. Satellite system design overview. Satellite service definitions: BSS, FSS, MSS, RDSS, RNSS. The issue of government use of commercial satellites. Satellite real-world issues: security, accidental and intentional interference, regulations. State of the industry and recent develpments. Useful sources of information on satellite technology and the satellite industry. 2. Communications Fundamentals. Basic definitions and measurements: channels, circuits, half-circuits, decibels. The spectrum and its uses: properties of waves, frequency bands, space loss, polarization, bandwidth. Analog and digital signals. Carrying information on waves: coding, modulation, multiplexing, networks and protocols. Satellite frequency bands. Signal quality, quantity, and noise: measures of signal quality; noise and interference; limits to capacity; advantages of digital versus analog. The interplay of modulation, bandwidth, datarate, and error correction. 3. The Space Segment. Basic functions of a satellite. The space environment: gravity, radiation, meteoroids and space debris. Orbits: types of orbits; geostationary orbits; nongeostationary orbits. Orbital slots, frequencies, footprints, and coverage: slots; satellite spacing; eclipses; sun interference, adjacent satellite interference. Launch vehicles; the launch campaign; launch bases. Satellite systems and construction: structure and busses; antennas; power; thermal control; stationkeeping and orientation; telemetry and command. What transponders are and what they do. Advantages and disadvantages of hosted payloads. Satellite operations: housekeeping and communications. High-throughput and processing satellites. Satellite security issues. 4. The Ground Segment. Earth stations: types, hardware, mountings, and pointing. Antenna properties: gain; directionality; sidelobes and legal limits on sidelobe gain. Space loss, electronics, EIRP, and G/T: LNA-B-C’s; signal flow through an earth station. The growing problem of accidental and intentional interference. 5. The Satellite Earth Link. Atmospheric effects on signals: rain effects and rain climate models; rain fade margins. The most important calculation: link budgets, C/N and Eb/No. Link budget examples. Improving link budgets. Sharing satellites: multiple access techniques: SDMA, FDMA, TDMA, PCMA, CDMA; demand assignment; on-board multiplexing. Signal security issues. Conclusion: industry issues, trends, and the future. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 11
  • 12. Satellite Communications Design & Engineering A comprehensive, quantitative tutorial designed for satellite professionals Newl Updatey d! Course Outline March 4-6, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1890 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video! Summary This three-day (or four-day virtual) course is designed for satellite communications engineers, spacecraft engineers, and managers who want to obtain an understanding of the "big picture" of satellite communications. Each topic is illustrated by detailed worked numerical examples, using published data for actual satellite communications systems. The course is technically oriented and includes mathematical derivations of the fundamental equations. It will enable the participants to perform their own satellite link budget calculations. The course will especially appeal to those whose objective is to develop quantitative computational skills in addition to obtaining a qualitative familiarity with the basic concepts. Instructor Chris DeBoy- leads the RF Engineering Group in the Space Department at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, and is a member of APL’s Principal Professional Staff. He has over 20 years of experience in satellite communications, from systems engineering (he is the lead RF communications engineer for the New Horizons Mission to Pluto) to flight hardware design for both lowEarth orbit and deep-space missions. He holds a BSEE from Virginia Tech, a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Johns Hopkins, and teaches the satellite communications course for the Johns Hopkins University What You Will Learn • A comprehensive understanding of satellite communication. • An understanding of basic vocabulary. • A quantitative knowledge of basic relationships. • Ability to perform and verify link budget calculations. • Ability to interact meaningfully with colleagues and independently evaluate system designs. • A background to read the literature. 12 – Vol. 116 1. Mission Analysis. Kepler’s laws. Circular and elliptical satellite orbits. Altitude regimes. Period of revolution. Geostationary Orbit. Orbital elements. Ground trace. 2. Earth-Satellite Geometry. Azimuth and elevation. Slant range. Coverage area. 3. Signals and Spectra. Properties of a sinusoidal wave. Synthesis and analysis of an arbitrary waveform. Fourier Principle. Harmonics. Fourier series and Fourier transform. Frequency spectrum. 4. Methods of Modulation. Overview of modulation. Carrier. Sidebands. Analog and digital modulation. Need for RF frequencies. 5. Analog Modulation. Amplitude Modulation (AM). Frequency Modulation (FM). 6. Digital Modulation. Analog to digital conversion. BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK FSK, QAM. Coherent detection and carrier recovery. NRZ and RZ pulse shapes. Power spectral density. ISI. Nyquist pulse shaping. Raised cosine filtering. 7. Bit Error Rate. Performance objectives. Eb/No. Relationship between BER and Eb/No. Constellation diagrams. Why do BPSK and QPSK require the same power? 8. Coding. Shannon’s theorem. Code rate. Coding gain. Methods of FEC coding. Hamming, BCH, and ReedSolomon block codes. Convolutional codes. Viterbi and sequential decoding. Hard and soft decisions. Concatenated coding. Turbo coding. Trellis coding. 9. Bandwidth. Equivalent (noise) bandwidth. Occupied bandwidth. Allocated bandwidth. Relationship between bandwidth and data rate. Dependence of bandwidth on methods of modulation and coding. Tradeoff between bandwidth and power. Emerging trends for bandwidth efficient modulation. 10. The Electromagnetic Spectrum. Frequency bands used for satellite communication. ITU regulations. Fixed Satellite Service. Direct Broadcast Service. Digital Audio Radio Service. Mobile Satellite Service. 11. Earth Stations. Facility layout. RF components. Network Operations Center. Data displays. 12. Antennas. Antenna patterns. Gain. Half power beamwidth. Efficiency. Sidelobes. 13. System Temperature. Antenna temperature. LNA. Noise figure. Total system noise temperature. 14. Satellite Transponders. Satellite communications payload architecture. Frequency plan. Transponder gain. TWTA and SSPA. Amplifier characteristics. Nonlinearity. Intermodulation products. SFD. Backoff. 15. Multiple Access Techniques. Frequency division multiple access (FDMA). Time division multiple access (TDMA). Code division multiple access (CDMA) or spread spectrum. Capacity estimates. 16. Polarization. Linear and circular polarization. Misalignment angle. 17. Rain Loss. Rain attenuation. Crane rain model. Effect on G/T. 18. The RF Link. Decibel (dB) notation. Equivalent isotropic radiated power (EIRP). Figure of Merit (G/T). Free space loss. Power flux density. Carrier to noise ratio. The RF link equation. 19. Link Budgets. Communications link calculations. Uplink, downlink, and composite performance. Link budgets for single carrier and multiple carrier operation. Detailed worked examples. 20. Performance Measurements. Satellite modem. Use of a spectrum analyzer to measure bandwidth, C/N, and Eb/No. Comparison of actual measurements with theory using a mobile antenna and a geostationary satellite. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 13. Satellite Communications Systems-Advanced Survey of Current and Emerging Digital Systems January 21-23, 2014 Summary This three-day course covers all the technology of advanced satellite communications as well as the principles behind current state-of-the-art satellite communications equipment. New and promising technologies will be covered to develop an understanding of the major approaches. Network topologies, VSAT, and IP networking over satellite. Material will be complemented with a continuously evolving example of the application of systems engineering practice to a specific satellite communications system. The example will address issues from the highest system architecture down to component details, budgets, writing specifications, etc. Instructor Dr. John Roach is a leading authority in satellite communications with 35+ years in the SATCOM industry. He has worked on many development projects both as employee and consultant / contractor. His experience has focused on the systems engineering of state-of-the-art system developments, military and commercial, from the worldwide architectural level to detailed terminal tradeoffs and designs. He has been an adjunct faculty member at Florida Institute of Technology where he taught a range of graduate communications courses. He has also taught SATCOM short courses all over the US and in London and Toronto, both publicly and in-house for both government and commercial organizations. In addition, he has been an expert witness in patent, trade secret, and government contracting cases. Dr. Roach has a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Georgia Tech. Advanced Satellite Communications Systems: Survey of Current and Emerging Digital Systems. What You Will Learn • Major Characteristics of satellites. • Characteristics of satellite networks. • The tradeoffs between major alternatives in SATCOM system design. • SATCOM system tradeoffs and link budget analysis. • DAMA/BoD for FDMA, TDMA, and CDMA systems. • Critical RF parameters in terminal equipment and their effects on performance. • Technical details of digital receivers. • Tradeoffs among different FEC coding choices. • Use of spread spectrum for Comm-on-the-Move. • Characteristics of IP traffic over satellite. • Overview of bandwidth efficient modulation types. Cocoa Beach, Florida $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Introduction to SATCOM. History and overview. Examples of current military and commercial systems. 2. Satellite orbits and transponder characteristics. 3. Traffic Connectivities: Mesh, Hub-Spoke, Point-to-Point, Broadcast. 4. Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Random Access. DAMA and Bandwidth-onDemand. 5. Communications Link Calculations. Definition of EIRP, G/T, Eb/No. Noise Temperature and Figure. Transponder gain and SFD. Link Budget Calculations. 6. Digital Modulation Techniques. BPSK, QPSK. Standard pulse formats and bandwidth. Nyquist signal shaping. Ideal BER performance. 7. PSK Receiver Design Techniques. Carrier recovery, phase slips, ambiguity resolution, differential coding. Optimum data detection, clock recovery, bit count integrity. 8. Overview of Error Correction Coding, Encryption, and Frame Synchronization. Standard FEC types. Coding Gain. 9. RF Components. HPA, SSPA, LNA, Up/down converters. Intermodulation, band limiting, oscillator phase noise. Examples of BER Degradation. 10. TDMA Networks. Time Slots. Preambles. Suitability for DAMA and BoD. 11. Characteristics of IP and TCP/UDP over satellite. Unicast and Multicast. Need for Performance Enhancing Proxy (PEP) techniques. 12. VSAT Networks and their system characteristics; DVB standards and MF-TDMA. 13. Earth Station Antenna types. Pointing / Tracking. Small antennas at Ku band. FCC - Intelsat ITU antenna requirements and EIRP density limitations. 14. Spread Spectrum Techniques. Military use and commercial PSD spreading with DS PN systems. Acquisition and tracking. Frequency Hop systems. 15. Overview of Bandwidth Efficient Modulation (BEM) Techniques. M-ary PSK, Trellis Coded 8PSK, QAM. 16. Convolutional coding and Viterbi decoding. Concatenated coding. Turbo & LDPC coding. 17. Emerging Technology Developments and Future Trends. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 13
  • 14. Satellite Laser Communications NEW! February 25-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland April 28-May 1, 2014 Cleveland, Ohio $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course will provideThis course will provide an introduction and overview of laser communication principles and technologies for unguided, free-space beam propagation. Special emphasis is placed on highlighting the differences, as well as similarities to RF communications and other laser systems, and design issues and options relevant to future laser communication terminals. Instructor Hamid Hemmati, Ph.D. , is with the Jet propulsion laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology where he is a Principal member of staff and the Supervisor of the Optical Communications Group. Prior to joining JPL in 1986, he worked at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and at the NIST (Boulder, CO) as a researcher. Dr. Hemmati has published over 40 journal and over 100 conference papers, holds seven patents, received 3 NASA Space Act Board Awards, and 36 NASA certificates of appreciation. He is a Fellow of SPIE and teaches optical communications courses at CSULA and the UCLA Extension. He is the editor and author of two books: “Deep Space Optical Communications” and “near-Earth Laser Communications”. Dr. Hemmati’s current research interests are in developing laser-communications technologies and systems for planetary and satellite communications, including: systems engineering for electro-optical systems, solid-state laser, particularly pulsed fiber lasers, flight qualification of optical and electro-optical systems and components; low-cost multimeter diameter optical ground receiver telescope; active and adaptive optics; and laser beam acquisition, tracking and pointing. What You Will Learn • This course will provide you the knowledge and ability to perform basic satellite laser communication analysis, identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully with colleagues, evaluate systems, and understand the literature. • How is a laser-communication system superior to conventional technology? • How link performance is analyzed. • What are the options for acquisition, tracking and beam pointing? • What are the options for laser transmitters, receivers and optical systems. • What are the atmospheric effects on the beam and how to counter them. • What are the typical characteristics of lasercommunication system hardware? • How to calculate mass, power and cost of flight systems. 14 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. Introduction. Brief historical background, RF/Optical comparison; basic Block diagrams; and applications overview. 2. Link Analysis. Parameters influencing the link; frequency dependence of noise; link performance comparison to RF; and beam profiles. 3. Laser Transmitter. Laser sources; semiconductor lasers; fiber amplifiers; amplitude modulation; phase modulation; noise figure; nonlinear effects; and coherent transmitters. 4. Modulation & Error Correction Encoding. PPM; OOK and binary codes; and forward error correction. 5. Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing. Requirements; acquisition scenarios; acquisition; pointahead angles, pointing error budget; host platform vibration environment; inertial stabilization: trackers; passive/active isolation; gimbaled transceiver; and fast steering mirrors. 6. Opto-Mechanical Assembly. Transmit telescope; receive telescope; shared transmit/receive telescope; thermo-Optical-Mechanical stability. 7. Atmospheric Effects. Attenuation, beam wander; turbulence/scintillation; signal fades; beam spread; turbid; and mitigation techniques. 8. Detectors and Detections. Discussion of available photo-detectors noise figure; amplification; background radiation/ filtering; and mitigation techniques. Poisson photon counting; channel capacity; modulation schemes; detection statistics; and SNR / Bit error probability. Advantages / complexities of coherent detection; optical mixing; SNR, heterodyne and homodyne; laser linewidth. 9. Crosslinks and Networking. LEO-GEO & GEOGEO; orbital clusters; and future/advanced. 10. Flight Qualification. Radiation environment; environmental testing; and test procedure. 11. Eye Safety. Regulations; classifications; wavelength dependence, and CDRH notices. 12. Cost Estimation. Methodology, models; and examples. 13. Terrestrial Optical Comm. Communications systems developed for terrestrial links. Who should attend Engineers, scientists, managers, or professionals who desire greater technical depth, or RF communication engineers who need to assess this competing technology. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 15. Space Environment – Implications for Spacecraft Design Summary Adverse interactions between the space environment and an orbiting spacecraft may lead to a degradation of spacecraft subsystem performance and possibly even loss of the spacecraft itself. This two-day course presents an introduction to the space environment and its effect on spacecraft. Emphasis is placed on problem solving techniques and design guidelines that will provide the student with an understanding of how space environment effects may be minimized through proactive spacecraft design. Each student will receive a copy of the course text, a complete set of course notes, including copies of all viewgraphs used in the presentation, and a comprehensive bibliography. January 27-28, 2014 Instructor Columbia, Maryland Dr. Alan C. Tribble has provided space environments effects analysis to more than one dozen NASA, DoD, and commercial programs, including the International Space Station, the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites, and several surveillance spacecraft. He holds a Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Iowa and has been twice a Principal Investigator for the NASA Space Environments and Effects Program. He is the author of four books, including the course text: The Space Environment - Implications for Space Design, and over 20 additional technical publications. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA, a Senior Member of the IEEE, and was previously an Associate Editor of the Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. Dr. Tribble recently won the 2008 AIAA James A. Van Allen Space Environments Award. He has taught a variety of classes at the University of Southern California, California State University Long Beach, the University of Iowa, and has been teaching courses on space environments and effects since 1992. April 15-16, 2014 Review of the Course Text: “There is, to my knowledge, no other book that provides its intended readership with an comprehensive and authoritative, yet compact and accessible, coverage of the subject of spacecraft environmental engineering.” – James A. Van Allen, Regent Distinguished Professor, University of Iowa. Who Should Attend: Engineers who need to know how to design systems with adequate performance margins, program managers who oversee spacecraft survivability tasks, and scientists who need to understand how environmental interactions can affect instrument performance. “I got exactly what I wanted from this course – an overview of the spacecraft environment. The charts outlining the interactions and synergism were excellent. The list of references is extensive and will be consulted often.” “Broad experience over many design teams allowed for excellent examples of applications of this information.” Columbia, Maryland $1245 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Introduction. Spacecraft Subsystem Design, Orbital Mechanics, The Solar-Planetary Relationship, Space Weather. 2. The Vacuum Environment. Basic Description – Pressure vs. Altitude, Solar UV Radiation. 3. Vacuum Environment Effects. Pressure Differentials, Solar UV Degradation, Molecular Contamination, Particulate Contamination. 4. The Neutral Environment. Basic Atmospheric Physics, Elementary Kinetic Theory, Hydrostatic Equilibrium, Neutral Atmospheric Models. 5. Neutral Environment Effects. Aerodynamic Drag, Sputtering, Atomic Oxygen Attack, Spacecraft Glow. 6. The Plasma Environment. Basic Plasma Physics Single Particle Motion, Debye Shielding, Plasma Oscillations. 7. Plasma Environment Effects. Spacecraft Charging, Arc Discharging, Effects on Instrumentation. 8. The Radiation Environment. Basic Radiation Physics, Stopping Charged Particles, Stopping Energetic Photons, Stopping Neutrons. 9. Radiation in Space. Trapped Radiation Belts, Solar Proton Events, Galactic Cosmic Rays, Hostile Environments. 10. Radiation Environment Effects. Total Dose Effects - Solar Cell Degradation, Electronics Degradation; Single Event Effects - Upset, Latchup, Burnout; Dose Rate Effects. 11. The Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris Environment. Hypervelocity Impact Physics, Micrometeoroids, Orbital Debris. 12. Additional Topics. Effects on Humans; Models and Tools; Available Internet Resources. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 15
  • 16. Spacecraft Reliability, Quality Assurance, Integration & Testing March 13-14, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1140 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline Summary Quality assurance, reliability, and testing are critical elements in low-cost space missions. The selection of lower cost parts and the most effective use of redundancy require careful tradeoff analysis when designing new space missions. Designing for low cost and allowing prudent risk are new ways of doing business in today's cost-conscious environment. This course uses case studies and examples from recent space missions to pinpoint the key issues and tradeoffs in design, reviews, quality assurance, and testing of spacecraft. Lessons learned from past successes and failures are discussed and trends for future missions are highlighted. Instructor Eric Hoffman has 40 years of space experience, including 19 years as the Chief Engineer of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory Space Department, which has designed and built 66 spacecraft and more than 200 instruments. His experience includes systems engineering, design integrity, performance assurance, and test standards. He has led many of APL's system and spacecraft conceptual designs and coauthored APL's quality assurance plans. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA and coauthor of Fundamentals of Space Systems. What You Will Learn • Why reliable design is so important and techniques for achieving it. • Dealing with today's issues of parts availability, radiation hardness, software reliability, process control, and human error. • Best practices for design reviews and configuration management. • Modern, efficient integration and test practices. 1. Spacecraft Systems Reliability and Assessment. Quality, reliability, and confidence levels. Reliability block diagrams and proper use of reliability predictions. Redundancy pro's and con's. Environmental stresses and derating. 2. Quality Assurance and Component Selection. Screening and qualification testing. Accelerated testing. Using plastic parts (PEMs) reliably. 3. Radiation and Survivability. The space radiation environment. Total dose. Stopping power. MOS response. Annealing and super-recovery. Displacement damage. 4. Single Event Effects. Transient upset, latch-up, and burn-out. Critical charge. Testing for single event effects. Upset rates. Shielding and other mitigation techniques. 5. ISO 9000. Process control through ISO 9001 and AS9100. 6. Software Quality Assurance and Testing. The magnitude of the software QA problem. Characteristics of good software process. Software testing and when is it finished? 7. Design Reviews and Configuration Management. Best practices for space hardware and software renumber accordingly. 8. Integrating I&T into electrical, thermal, and mechanical designs. Coupling I&T to mission operations. 9. Ground Support Systems. Electrical and mechanical ground support equipment (GSE). I&T facilities. Clean rooms. Environmental test facilities. 10. Test Planning and Test Flow. Which tests are worthwhile? Which ones aren't? What is the right order to perform tests? Test Plans and other important documents. 11. Spacecraft Level Testing. Ground station compatibility testing and other special tests. 12. Launch Site Operations. Launch vehicle operations. Safety. Dress rehearsals. The Launch Readiness Review. 13. Human Error. What we can learn from the airline industry. 14. Case Studies. NEAR, Ariane 5, Mid-course Space Experiment (MSX). Recent attendee comments ... “Instructor demonstrated excellent knowledge of topics.” “Material was presented clearly and thoroughly. An incredible depth of expertise for our questions.” 16 – Vol. 116 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 17. Space Systems Fundamentals January 20-23, 2014 Albuquerque, New Mexico $1940 Summary This four-day course provides an overview of the fundamentals of concepts and technologies of modern spacecraft systems design. Satellite system and mission design is an essentially interdisciplinary sport that combines engineering, science, and external phenomena. We will concentrate on scientific and engineering foundations of spacecraft systems and interactions among various subsystems. Examples show how to quantitatively estimate various mission elements (such as velocity increments) and conditions (equilibrium temperature) and how to size major spacecraft subsystems (propellant, antennas, transmitters, solar arrays, batteries). Real examples are used to permit an understanding of the systems selection and trade-off issues in the design process. The fundamentals of subsystem technologies provide an indispensable basis for system engineering. The basic nomenclature, vocabulary, and concepts will make it possible to converse with understanding with subsystem specialists. The course is designed for engineers and managers who are involved in planning, designing, building, launching, and operating space systems and spacecraft subsystems and components. The extensive set of course notes provide a concise reference for understanding, designing, and operating modern spacecraft. The course will appeal to engineers and managers of diverse background and varying levels of experience. Instructor Dr. Mike Gruntman is Professor of Astronautics at the University of Southern California. He is a specialist in astronautics, space technology, sensors, and space physics. Gruntman participates in several theoretical and experimental programs in space science and space technology, including space missions. He authored and co-authored more 200 publications in various areas of astronautics, space physics, and instrumentation. What You Will Learn • Common space mission and spacecraft bus configurations, requirements, and constraints. • Common orbits. • Fundamentals of spacecraft subsystems and their interactions. • How to calculate velocity increments for typical orbital maneuvers. • How to calculate required amount of propellant. • How to design communications link. • How to size solar arrays and batteries. • How to determine spacecraft temperature. (9:00am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Space Missions And Applications. Science, exploration, commercial, national security. Customers. 2. Space Environment And Spacecraft Interaction. Universe, galaxy, solar system. Coordinate systems. Time. Solar cycle. Plasma. Geomagnetic field. Atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere. Atmospheric drag. Atomic oxygen. Radiation belts and shielding. 3. Orbital Mechanics And Mission Design. Motion in gravitational field. Elliptic orbit. Classical orbit elements. Two-line element format. Hohmann transfer. Delta-V requirements. Launch sites. Launch to geostationary orbit. Orbit perturbations. Key orbits: geostationary, sun-synchronous, Molniya. 4. Space Mission Geometry. Satellite horizon, ground track, swath. Repeating orbits. 5. Spacecraft And Mission Design Overview. Mission design basics. Life cycle of the mission. Reviews. Requirements. Technology readiness levels. Systems engineering. 6. Mission Support. Ground stations. Deep Space Network (DSN). STDN. SGLS. Space Laser Ranging (SLR). TDRSS. 7. Attitude Determination And Control. Spacecraft attitude. Angular momentum. Environmental disturbance torques. Attitude sensors. Attitude control techniques (configurations). Spin axis precession. Reaction wheel analysis. 8. Spacecraft Propulsion. Propulsion requirements. Fundamentals of propulsion: thrust, specific impulse, total impulse. Rocket dynamics: rocket equation. Staging. Nozzles. Liquid propulsion systems. Solid propulsion systems. Thrust vector control. Electric propulsion. 9. Launch Systems. Launch issues. Atlas and Delta launch families. Acoustic environment. Launch system example: Delta II. 10. Space Communications. Communications basics. Electromagnetic waves. Decibel language. Antennas. Antenna gain. TWTA and SSA. Noise. Bit rate. Communication link design. Modulation techniques. Bit error rate. 11. Spacecraft Power Systems. Spacecraft power system elements. Orbital effects. Photovoltaic systems (solar cells and arrays). Radioisotope thermal generators (RTG). Batteries. Sizing power systems. 12. Thermal Control. Environmental loads. Blackbody concept. Planck and Stefan-Boltzmann laws. Passive thermal control. Coatings. Active thermal control. Heat pipes. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 17
  • 18. Spacecraft Power Systems April 8-9, 2014 Course Outline Columbia, Maryland 1. Introduction to Space Power Systems Design. Power System overview with focus on the origin of design-driving requirements, technical disciplines, and sub-system interactions. 2. Environmental Effects. Definition of the environmental considerations in the design of power systems including radiation, temperature, UV exposure, and insolation. 3. Orbital Considerations. Basic orbit geometries and calculations for common orbits. Consideration of illumination profiles including effects of spacecraft geometries. 4. Power Sources. Solar cell technologies and basic physics of operation including electrical characteristics and environmental susceptibility. Solar panel design, fabrication, and test considerations. 5. Energy Storage. Battery technologies, and flight-readiness of each. Battery selection and sizing characteristics. Battery voltage profiles, charge/discharge characteristics, and charging methods. Special battery handling considerations. Alternative storage technologies include fuel cell technologies, and fly-wheels. 6. Power System Architectures. System architecture and regulation options including direct energy transfer, peak-power tracking, and hybrid architectures. System level interactions and tradeoffs. 7. Design Example. Sample power system concept design of a LEO mission including selection and sizing of batteries, solar arrays. Focus on real-life trade-offs impacting cost, schedule, and other spacecraft activities and designs. $1140 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This two-day course covers the requirements-driven design principles of the spacecraft power subsystem and its major components. Power source section evaluates available and future technologies in power generation, with a focus on photovoltaic technologies. Energy storage section evaluates available and future storage technologies with a focus on battery technologies. Course cites multiple real-life examples to illustrate the relevancy of the presented material. Instructor Robert Detwiler has over 40 years of experience in all aspects of Aerospace Power Systems design and development. As a member of the technical staff at the California Institute of Technology, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) he served in a wide range of space power systems positions. While at JPL he was a key contributor to a number of successful power system efforts including Voyager, Galileo, Mars Global Surveyor, Cassini and the Mars Exploration Rovers. His experience base includes power system hardware development, power technology development, and management responsibilities for JPL, NASA and nonNASA programs. He is retired from California Institute of Technology, JPL. Mr. Detwiler has recently performed consulting efforts on space power systems for a number of classified space vehicles at the Northrop Grumman Corporation in Redondo Beach, CA. 18 – Vol. 116 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 19. Spacecraft Thermal Control February 27-28, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1140 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This is a fast paced two-day course for system engineers and managers with an interest in improving their understanding of spacecraft thermal design. All phases of thermal design analysis are covered in enough depth to give a deeper understanding of the design process and of the materials used in thermal design. Program managers and systems engineers will also benefit from the bigger picture information and tradeoff issues. The goal is to have the student come away from this course with an understanding of how analysis, design, thermal devices, thermal testing and the interactions of thermal design with the overall system design fit into the overall picture of satellite design. Case studies and lessons learned illustrate the importance of thermal design and the current state of the art. Instructor Douglas Mehoke is the Assistant Group Supervisor and Technology Manager for the Mechanical System Group in the Space Department at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has worked in the field of spacecraft and instrument thermal design for 30 years, and has a wide background in the fields of heat transfer and fluid mechanics. He has been the lead thermal engineer on a variety spacecraft and scientific instruments, including MSX, CONTOUR, and New Horizons. He is presently the Technical Lead for the development of the Solar Probe Plus Thermal Protection System. What You Will Learn • How requirements are defined. • Why thermal design cannot be purchased off the shelf. • How to test thermal systems. • Basic conduction and radiation analysis. • Overall thermal analysis methods. • Computer calculations for thermal design. • How to choose thermal control surfaces. • When to use active devices. • How the thermal system interacts with other systems. • How to apply thermal devices. Course Outline 1. The Role of Thermal Control. Requirements, Constraints, Regimes of thermal control. 2. The basics of Thermal Analysis, conduction, radiation, Energy balance, Numerical analysis, The solar spectrum. 3. Overall Thermal Analysis. Orbital mechanics for thermal engineers, Basic orbital energy balance. 4. Model Building. How to choose the nodal structure, how to calculate the conductors capacitors and Radfacs, Use of the computer. 5. System Interactions. Power, Attitude and Thermal system interactions, other system considerations. 6. Thermal Control Surfaces. Availability, Factors in choosing, Stability, Environmental factors. 7. Thermal control Devices. Heatpipes, MLI, Louvers, Heaters, Phase change devices, Radiators, Cryogenic devices. 8. Thermal Design Procedure. Basic design procedure, Choosing radiator locations, When to use heat pipes, When to use louvers, Where to use MLI, When to use Phase change, When to use heaters. 9. Thermal Testing. Thermal requirements, basic analysis techniques, the thermal design process, thermal control materials and devices, and thermal vacuum testing. 10. Case Studies. The key topics and tradeoffs are illustrated by case studies for actual spacecraft and satellite thermal designs. Systems engineering implications. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 19
  • 20. Agile Boot Camp: An Immersive Introduction Agile Testing There are many dates and locations as these are popular courses: See all at: $1795 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $200 each Off The Course Tuition." 00 Summary While not a silver bullet, Agile Methodologies are quickly becoming the most practical way to create outstanding software. Scrum, Extreme Programming, Lean, Dynamic Systems Development Method, Feature Driven Development and other methods each have their strengths. While there are significant similarities that have brought them together under the Agile umbrella, each method brings unique strengths that can be utilized for your team success. This 3-day classroom is set up in pods/teams. Each team looks like a real-world development unit in Agile with Project Manager/Scrum Master, Business Analyst, Tester and Development. The teams will work through the Agile process including Iteration planning, Product road mapping and backlogging, estimating, user story development iteration execution, and retrospectives by working off of real work scenarios. Specifically, you will: • Practice how to be and develop a self-organized team. • Create and communicate a Product Vision. • Understand your customer and develop customer roles and personas. • Initiate the requirements process by developing user stories and your product backlog. • Put together product themes from your user stories and establish a desired product roadmap. • Conduct story point estimating to determine effort needed for user stories to ultimately determine iteration(s) length. • Take into consideration assumed team velocity with story point estimates and user story priorities to come up with you release plan. • Engage the planning and execution of your iteration(s). • Conduct retrospectives after each iteration. • Run a course retrospective to enable an individual plan of execution on how to conduct Agile in your environment. What You Will Learn Because this is an immersion course and the intent is to engage in the practices every Agile team will employ, this course is recommended for all team members responsible for delivering outstanding software. That includes, but is not limited to, the following roles: • Business Analyst • Analyst • Project Manager • Software Engineer/Programmer • Development Manager • Product Manager • Product Analyst • Tester • QA Engineer • Documentation Specialist The Agile Boot Camp is a perfect place for cross functional "teams" to become familiar with Agile methods and learn the basics together. It's also a wonderful springboard for team building & learning. Bring your project detail to work on in class. 20 – Vol. 116 $1395 (8:30am - 5:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $20000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary By using a step-by-step approach this 2-day program will introduce you to high speed methods and technologies that can be relied upon to deliver speed and optimum flexibility. Learning the goals of Agile will help you transition, implement and monitor testing in the High Speed Agile Testing environment so that you can immediately step from the classroom into the office with new found confidence. What You Will Learn • Understand the key differences between traditional and Agile testing practices. • Learn about the different quadrants of Agile testing and how they are used to support the team and critique the product. • Get exposed to the different levels of test automation and understand what the right mix is to accelerate testing. • Operate in a time constrained development cycle without losing testable value. • Capitalize on test development through use & reuse management. • Integrate team testing into Agile projects. • Engage stakeholders in quality trade-off decision-making. • Coach story card contributors in test case construction. • Gain exposure to automation support opportunities. Course Outline 1. Agile Testing. We will discuss the testing and it's role in software quality. 2. Testing Practices. The benefits that various types of testing provide to the team will be reviewed. Additional discussion will focus on the how and what to automate to shorten feedback cycles. 3. Quality Practices. Understanding that getting feedback is as important as testing. We will discuss techniques that provide feedback on the quality of software and the effectiveness of the process. 4. Unit Testing & Test Driven Development (TDD). We will introduce Unit Testing and Test Driven Development. The benefits and process of TDD and how it can lead to better overall design and simplicity and engage the Developer in the test processing will be discussed. 5. Continuous Integration. The concept of Continuous Integration and the CI Attitude will be discussed. Continuous Integration provides an essential role in maintaining a continuous process for providing feedback to the team. 6. Acceptance Testing. The discipline of Acceptance Testing can lead to better collaboration with both the customer and the team. Automating Acceptance Tests can provide an invaluable tool to support the creation higher quality software and continue to support the team from story to story and sprint to sprint. 7. Functional Testing Web Applications & Web Services. As we develop a functioning application we can perform higher-level and coarser grained functional tests. Functional testing software, web applications and web services will be explored. 8. Hands-on Critiquing the Product. Everything can't be automated, nor should it. We will discuss manual technique that will help us critique the product and provide valuable feedback. We will discuss when and how these testing techniques should be used effectively. 9. Using Tools to Test. Complexity and Critique the Product Tools can be used to testing complex, critical attributes of the software. We will discuss when and tools should be used to test the complex, critical qualities of software. 10. High-Speed Testing Techniques. We'll introduce some techniques that can speed the testing process and provide faster feedback to the team and customer. 11. Iterating to Testing Agility. How do we ever get there? We will discuss pragmatic techniques to iterate your team and organization to Testing Agility. We will discuss and craft a roadmap for your team and organization based off the practices and techniques discussed. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 21. Agile in the Government Environment Agile Project Management Certification Workshop (PMI-ACP) There are many dates and locations as these are popular courses: See all at: $1395 (Live 8:00am - 6:00pm) (Virtual, noon – 6:00 pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $20000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary A common misconception is that Agility means lack of order or discipline, but that’s incorrect. It requires strong discipline. You must have a solid foundation of practices and procedures in order to successfully adapt Agile in the Government Environment , and you must also learn to follow those practices correctly while tying them to pre-defined, rigid quality goals. This two-days public (three-days online) workshop gives you the foundation of knowledge and experience you need in order to be successful on your next federal project. Define principles and highlight advantages and disadvantages of Agile development and how to map them to federal guidelines for IT procurement, development and delivery. Get firsthand experience organizing and participating in an Agile team. Put the concepts you learn to practice instantly in the classroom project. Understand and learn how to take advantage of the opportunities for Agile, while applying them within current government project process requirements. Specifically, you will: • Consistently deliver better products that will enable your customer’s success. • Reduce the risk of project failure, missed deadlines, scope overrun or exceeded budgets. • Establish, develop, empower, nurture and protect highperforming teams. • Identify and eliminate waste from processes. • Map government project language to Agile language simply and effectively. • Foster collaboration, even with teams that are distributed geographically and organizationally. • Clearly understand how EVM and Agile can be integrated. • Understand the structure of Agile processes that breed success in the federal environment. • Embrace ever-changing requirements. Course Outline 1. Self-organized teams, even in a highly matrixed agency or organization. 2. Simulate a project introduction, create a vision and set of light requirements. 3. How to plan your product’s release within the mandated 6 month timeframe. 4. How to communicate project status utilizing both Agile and EVM indicators for progress. 5. How to satisfy the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requirements (Circular A-11) while applying an Agile execution approach. 6. Understanding customers and how to collaborate with them to create User Stories. 7. Relative estimating – focus on becoming more accurate rather than precise. 8. Defining the distinction between capabilities and requirements and when to document each. 9. Identify Agile best practices as they relate to challenges within the federal environment. $1795 (Live 8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $20000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary Prepare for your Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) certification while learning to lead Agile software projects that adapt to change, drive innovation and deliver on-time business value in this 3-day live or 4-day VirtualAgile PM training course Agile has made its way into the mainstream — it's no longer a grassroots movement to change software development. Today, more organizations and companies are adopting this approach over a more traditional waterfall methodology, and more are working every day to make the transition. To stay relevant in the competitive, changing world of project management, it's increasingly important that project management professionals can demonstrate true leadership ability on today's software projects. The Project Management Institute's Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) certification clearly illustrates to colleagues, organizations or even potential employers that you're ready and able to lead in this new age of product development, management and delivery. This class not only prepares you to lead your next Agile project effort, but ensures that you're prepared to pass the PMI-ACP certification exam. Acquiring this certification now will make you one of the first software professionals to achieve this valuable industry designation from PMI. Course Outline 1. Understanding Agile Project Management. Agile Project Management methods focus on the customer, embraces the ever changing nature of business environments and encourages human interaction in delivering outstanding software. 2. The Project Schedule. Agile project managers must be able to continually manage an ever changing scope against a well defined project timeline. 3. The Project Scope. Utilizing an Agile Project Management approach means a new technique for managing a dynamic scope with the intended outcome being the best-delivered product possible. 4. The Project Budget. Our financial management obligations must be expanded to also consider the ultimate return on investment (ROI) our software will generate. 5. The Product Quality. Agile project teams recognize that quality is not a universal, objective measure, but a subjective definition provided by the customer and continually re-evaluated through the course of the project. 6. The Project Team. Today's project managers must do more than simply manage a project's details, they must coach the individuals on their team. Studies have proven that when a team is happy, they produce better products more efficiently. 7. Project Metrics. Agile project managers utilize metrics to assist the team to improve their performance by providing a reflection of results against the team's action. 8. Continuous Improvement. Agile's non-prescriptive approach requires regular examination to ensure that every opportunity to improve efficiency in its execution is recognized and implemented. Without clear plans for continuous improvement, most Agile teams will not make the transition to this approach a lasting one. 9. Project Leadership. The project manager's ability to effectively lead their team is based on several sound principles that provide the support that the team needs while also encouraging the team to grow more self-sufficient in their improvement efforts over time. 10. Successfully Transitioning to Agile Project Management. How the course participants can successfully transition from their current approach to an Agile approach with ease. 11. A Full Day of Preparation for the Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) Certification Exam. The final day of the class will specifically address what each of the participants will need to do and need to know in order to pass their exam and receive their PMIACP certification. You will spend a full day in class dedicated to application tips, tricks and test preparation. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 21
  • 22. Certified Systems Engineering Professional - CSEP Preparation Guaranteed Training to Pass the CSEP Certification Exam February 10-11, 2014 Course Outline Orlando, Florida 1. Introduction. What is the CSEP and what are the requirements to obtain it? Terms and definitions. Basis of the examination. Study plans and sample examination questions and how to use them. Plan for the course. Introduction to the INCOSE Handbook. Self-assessment quiz. Filling out the CSEP application. 2. Systems Engineering and Life Cycles. Definitions and origins of systems engineering, including the latest concepts of “systems of systems.” Hierarchy of system terms. Value of systems engineering. Life cycle characteristics and stages, and the relationship of systems engineering to life cycles. Development approaches. The INCOSE Handbook system development examples. 3. Technical Processes. The processes that take a system from concept in the eye to operation, maintenance and disposal. Stakeholder requirements and technical requirements, including concept of operations, requirements analysis, requirements definition, requirements management. Architectural design, including functional analysis and allocation, system architecture synthesis. Implementation, integration, verification, transition, validation, operation, maintenance and disposal of a system. 4. Project Processes. Technical management and the role of systems engineering in guiding a project. Project planning, including the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP), Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD), Integrated Product Teams (IPT), and tailoring methods. Project assessment, including Technical Performance Measurement (TPM). Project control. Decision-making and trade-offs. Risk and opportunity management, configuration management, information management. 5. Enterprise & Agreement Processes. How to define the need for a system, from the viewpoint of stakeholders and the enterprise. Acquisition and supply processes, including defining the need. Managing the environment, investment, and resources. Enterprise environment management. Investment management including life cycle cost analysis. Life cycle processes management standard processes, and process improvement. Resource management and quality management. 6. Specialty Engineering Activities. Unique technical disciplines used in the systems engineering processes: integrated logistics support, electromagnetic and environmental analysis, human systems integration, mass properties, modeling & simulation including the system modeling language (SysML), safety & hazards analysis, sustainment and training needs. 7. After-Class Plan. Study plans and methods. Using the self-assessment to personalize your study plan. Five rules for test-taking. How to use the sample examinations. How to reach us after class, and what to do when you succeed. $1290 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Video! Summary This two-day course walks through the CSEP requirements and the INCOSE Handbook Version 3.2.2 to cover all topics on the CSEP exam. Interactive work, study plans, and sample examination questions help you to prepare effectively for the exam. Participants leave the course with solid knowledge, a hard copy of the INCOSE Handbook, study plans, and three sample examinations. Attend the CSEP course to learn what you need. Follow the study plan to seal in the knowledge. Use the sample exam to test yourself and check your readiness. Contact our instructor for questions if needed. Then take the exam. If you do not pass, you can retake the course at no cost. Instructors Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. Author of the “Value of SE” material in the INCOSE Handbook. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. Mr. William "Bill" Fournier is Senior Software Systems Engineering with 30 years experience the last 11 for a Defense Contractor. Mr. Fournier taught DoD Systems Engineering full time for over three years at DSMC/DAU as a Professor of Engineering Management. Mr. Fournier has taught Systems Engineering at least part time for more than the last 20 years. Mr. Fournier holds a MBA and BS Industrial Engineering / Operations Research and is DOORS trained. He is a certified CSEP, CSEP DoD Acquisition, and PMP. He is a contributor to DAU / DSMC, Major Defense Contractor internal Systems Engineering Courses and Process, and INCOSE publications. What You Will Learn • How to pass the CSEP examination! • Details of the INCOSE Handbook, the source for the exam. • Your own strengths and weaknesses, to target your study. • The key processes and definitions in the INCOSE language of the exam. • How to tailor the INCOSE processes. • Five rules for test-taking. 22 – Vol. 116 The INCOSE Certified Systems Engineering Professional (CSEP) rating is a coveted milestone in the career of a systems engineer, demonstrating knowledge, education and experience that are of high value to systems organizations. This two-day course provides you with the detailed knowledge and practice that you need to pass the CSEP examination. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 23. Cost Estimating February 25-26, 2014 Albuquerque, New Mexico $1150 Summary This two-day course covers the primary methods for cost estimation needed in systems development, including parametric estimation, activity-based costing, life cycle estimation, and probabilistic modeling. The estimation methods are placed in context of a Work Breakdown Structure and program schedules, while explaining the entire estimation process. Emphasis is also placed on using cost models to perform trade studies and calibrating cost models to improve their accuracy. Participants will learn how to use cost models through real-life case studies. Common pitfalls in cost estimation will be discussed including behavioral influences that can impact the quality of cost estimates. We conclude with a review of the state-of-theart in cost estimation. Instructor Ricardo Valerdi, is an Associate Professor of Systems & Industrial Engineering at the University of Arizona and a Research Affiliate at MIT. He developed the COSYSMO model for estimating systems engineering effort which has been used by BAE Systems, Boeing, General Dynamics, L-3 Communications, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon, and SAIC. Dr. Valerdi is a Visiting Associate of the Center for Systems and Software Engineering at the University of Southern California where he earned his Ph.D. in Industrial & Systems Engineering. Previously, he worked at The Aerospace Corporation, Motorola and General Instrument. He served on the Board of Directors of INCOSE, is an Editorial Advisor of the Journal of Cost Analysis and Parametrics, and is the author of the book The Constructive Systems Engineering Cost Model (COSYSMO): Quantifying the Costs of Systems Engineering Effort in Complex Systems (VDM Verlag, 2008). What You Will Learn • What are the most important cost estimation methods? • How is a WBS used to define project scope? • What are the appropriate cost estimation methods for my situation? • How are cost models used to support decisions? • How accurate are cost models? How accurate do they need to be? • How are cost models calibrated? • How can cost models be integrated to develop estimates of the total system? • How can cost models be used for risk assessment? • What are the principles for effective cost estimation? From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform basic cost estimates, identify tradeoffs, use cost model results to support decisions, evaluate the goodness of an estimate, evaluate the goodness of a cost model, and understand the latest trends in cost estimation. (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Introduction. Cost estimation in context of system life cycles. Importance of cost estimation in project planning. How estimation fits into the proposal cycle. The link between cost estimation and scope control. History of parametric modeling. 2. Scope Definition. Creation of a technical work scope. Definition and format of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) as a basis for accurate cost estimation. Pitfalls in WBS creation and how to avoid them. Task-level work definition. Class exercise in creating a WBS. 3. Cost Estimation Methods. Different ways to establish a cost basis, with explanation of each: parametric estimation, activity-based costing, analogy, case based reasoning, expert judgment, etc. Benefits and detriments of each. Industryvalidated applications. Schedule estimation coupled with cost estimation. Comprehensive review of cost estimation tools. 4. Economic Principles. Concepts such as economies/diseconomies of scale, productivity, reuse, earned value, learning curves and prediction markets are used to illustrate additional methods that can improve cost estimates. 5. System Cost Estimation. Estimation in software, electronics, and mechanical engineering. Systems engineering estimation, including design tasks, test & evaluation, and technical management. Percentage-loaded level-of-effort tasks: project management, quality assurance, configuration management. Class exercise in creating cost estimates using a simple spreadsheet model and comparing against the WBS. 6. Risk Estimation. Handling uncertainties in the cost estimation process. Cost estimation and risk management. Probabilistic cost estimation and effective portrayal of the results. Cost estimation, risk levels, and pricing. Class exercise in probabilistic estimation. 7. Decision Making. Organizational adoption of cost models. Understanding the purpose of the estimate (proposal vs. rebaselining; ballpark vs. detailed breakdown). Human side of cost estimation (optimism, anchoring, customer expectations, etc.). Class exercise on calibrating decision makers. 8. Course Summary. Course summary and refresher on key points. Additional cost estimation resources. Principles for effective cost estimation. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 23
  • 24. Effective Design Reviews for DOD and Aerospace Programs: Techniques, Tips, and Best Practices April 8-9, 2014 NEW! Columbia, Maryland $1190 (8:30am - 5:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." “Many strong, very important points to improving reviews in general. A good investment for two days.” R.T., Johns Hopkins University/Applied Physics Lab Summary Studies have shown that design error is the single biggest cause of failure in aerospace deliverables. While there are many aspects to getting the design right, a rigorous, effective design review process is key. But good design review practice is not just for aerospace engineers. It is an essential element for every important deliverable or mission. Even the toy industry benefits from effective design review practices. This 2-day course presents valuable techniques, best practices, and tips gleaned from several different organizations and many years of design integrity experience dealing with critical deliverables. Case studies and lessons learned from past successes and failures are used to illustrate important points. Instructor Eric Hoffman has 40 years of space experience, including 19 years as Chief Engineer of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory Space Department, which has designed, built, and launched 66 spacecraft and more than 200 instruments. He has chaired, served as a reviewer at, presented at, or attended hundreds of design reviews. For this course he has captured the best practices of not only APL, but also NASA/Goddard, JPL, the Air Force, and industry. As “process owner” for design reviews, he authored APL’s written standards. His work on APL’s Engineering Board, Quality Council, and Engineering Design Facility Advisory Board, as well as on several AIAA Technical Committees, broadened his knowledge of good design review practice. He is a Fellow of the British Interplanetary Society, Associate Fellow of the AIAA, author of 66 articles on these subjects, and coauthor of the textbook Fundamentals of Space Systems. What You Will Learn • How to set up effective, efficient technical reviews for your project. • How to select review boards for maximum effectiveness. • How to maximize your contribution as a technical reviewer. • The chairman’s important roles. • How to review purchased items and proprietary or classified designs. • The (often neglected) art and science of agenda design. • Techniques for assuring that Action Items are properly closed and that nothing is lost. 24 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. High Reliability. Lessons from NASA and the Air Force. The critical importance of good design and why proper design reviews are essential. Design review objectives. Design review “additional benefits” for management. The difference between design reviews and project status reviews. The “seven essentials” for any design review. 2. Determining What Must Be Reviewed. The dangerous area of “heritage” designs. Establishing a design review hierarchy. Can you overdo a good thing? 3. Types of Design Reviews. CoDR, PDR, and CDR. EDRs and lower level reviews. Fabrication feasibility reviews. Test-related and other specialized reviews. “Delta” reviews. 4. Dealing With Purchased Items. Subcontractor design reviews. Dealing with proprietary and classified information. Buyoffs of subcontracted items. 5. The Pre-review Data Package. Why it is so important. Tips for producing it efficiently and making it a more useful document. 6. The Design Review “Players” and Their Roles. Role of the sponsor or customer. The program manager’s responsibilities. How to be a more effective presenter. How to be a value-added reviewer. The chairman’s job. Role of the design review “process owner.” Design reviews and the line supervisor. 7. Design Reviewing Software, Firmware, and FPGAs. Special techniques for software-intensive designs. 8. Supplements to the Design Review. Using splinter meetings, poster sessions, and single-topic workshops to improve efficiency and effectiveness. 9. Selecting Reviewers and the Chairman. Assembling a truly effective review team. Utilizing adhoc reviewers effectively. The pro’s and con’s of design reviewer checklists. Pre-review briefings. 10. The Art and Science of Agenda Design. Smart (and not so smart) ways to “design” the agenda. Getting the most out of dry runs. 11. Documenting the Review. What to include, what to leave out. How to improve documentation efficiency. Post-review debriefs. 12. Action Items. Criteria for accepting/rejecting proposed Action Items. Efficient techniques for documenting, tracking, and closing the most important product of a design review. “Show stoppers” and “liens” against a design. 13. Design Review Psychology 101. The gentle art of effective critiquing. Combating negativism. Dealing with diverse personalities. 14. Physical facilities. What would the ideal design review room look like? 15. What Does the Future Hold. Using the Internet to help the review process. Virtual and video reviews? Automated review of designs? Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 25. Systems Engineering - Requirements January 28-30, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Call for information about our six-course systems engineering certificate program or for “on-site” training to prepare for the INCOSE systems engineering exam. Summary This three-day course provides system engineers, team leaders, and managers with a clear understanding about how to develop good specifications affordably using modeling methods that encourage identification of the essential characteristics that must be respected in the subsequent design process. Both the analysis and management aspects are covered. Each student will receive a full set of course notes and textbook, “System Requirements Analysis,” by the instructor Jeff Grady. Instructor Jeffrey O. Grady (MSSM, ESEP) is the president of a System Engineering company. He has 30 years of industry experience in aerospace companies as a system engineer, engineering manager, field engineer, and project engineer plus 20 years as a consultant and educator. Jeff has authored nine published books in the system engineering field and holds a Master of Science in System Management from USC. He teaches system engineering courses nation-wide. Jeff is an INCOSE Founder and Fellow. What You Will Learn • How to model a problem space using proven methods where the product will be implemented in hardware or software. • How to link requirements with traceability and reduce risk through proven techniques. • How to identify all requirements using modeling that encourages completeness and avoidance of unnecessary requirements. • How to structure specifications and manage their development. This course will show you how to build good specifications based on effective models. It is not difficult to write requirements; the hard job is to know what to write them about and determine appropriate values. Modeling tells us what to write them about and good domain engineering encourages identification of good values in them. Course Outline 1. Introduction 2. Introduction (Continued) 3. Requirements Fundamentals – Defines what a requirement is and identifies 4 kinds. 4. Requirements Relationships – How are requirements related to each other? We will look at several kinds of traceability. 5. Initial System Analysis – The whole process begins with a clear understanding of the user’s needs. 6. Functional Analysis – Several kinds of functional analysis are covered including simple functional flow diagrams, EFFBD, IDEF-0, and Behavioral Diagramming. 7. Functional Analysis (Continued) – 8. Performance Requirements Analysis – Performance requirements are derived from functions and tell what the item or system must do and how well. 9. Product Entity Synthesis – The course encourages Sullivan’s idea of form follows function so the product structure is derived from its functionality. 10. Interface Analysis and Synthesis – Interface definition is the weak link in traditional structured analysis but n-square analysis helps recognize all of the ways function allocation has predefined all of the interface needs. 11. Interface Analysis and Synthesis – (Continued) 12. Specialty Engineering Requirements – A specialty engineering scoping matrix allows system engineers to define product entity-specialty domain relationships that the indicated domains then apply their models to. 13. Environmental Requirements – A three-layer model involving tailored standards mapped to system spaces, a three-dimensional service use profile for end items, and end item zoning for component requirements. 14. Structured Analysis Documentation – How can we capture and configuration manage our modeling basis for requirements? 15. Software Modeling Using MSA/PSARE – Modern structured analysis is extended to PSARE as Hatley and Pirbhai did to improve real-time control system development but PSARE did something else not clearly understood. 16. Software Modeling Using Early OOA and UML – The latest models are covered. 17. Software Modeling Using Early OOA and UML – (Continued). 18. Software Modeling Using DoDAF – DoD has evolved a very complex model to define systems of tremendous complexity involving global reach. 19. Universal Architecture Description Framework A method that any enterprise can apply to develop any system using a single comprehensive model no matter how the system is to be implemented. 20. Universal Architecture Description Framework (Continued) 21. Specification Management – Specification formats and management methods are discussed. 22. Requirements Risk Abatement - Special requirements-related risk methods are covered including validation, TPM, margins and budgets. 23. Tools Discussion 24. Requirements Verification Overview – You should be basing verification of three kinds on the requirements that were intended to drive design. These links are emphasized. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 25
  • 26. AESA Airborne Radar Theory and Operations The system level requirements, design and performance of an Active Electronically Scanned Array Radar May 12-15, 2014 Course Outline Columbia, Maryland 1. Introduction to AESA Radar. The evolution of Radar, signal processing fundamentals and an overview of the AESA antenna and modes. 2. Air-Air Operations. Use of a weapons system simulator to explore mode interleaving concepts, passive sensor integration, Low Probability of Intercept, Med and HI-Med PRF search, and multi target track in a variety of air-air intercepts and configurations. 3. Receiver Exciter: Super Heterodyne receiver block diagrams, frequency multipliers, analog and advanced digital IF sampling synchronous detectors, and A/D converters. Phase and frequency coding with matched filters for pulse compression. 4. Array Antennas. Gain and beamwidth calculations. Two dimensional antenna patterns, weighting functions, grating lobes, array steering, monopulse vector processing. Adaptive beam forming, and spatial notch filters. Space-Time-Adaptive-Processing and advanced main beam clutter cancellers. 5. Radar Equation. The air-air and air-ground Radar equations with IF Filters, A/D integrators, coherent and non-coherent integration with pulse compression. Target cross section modeling and detection theory. 6. Radar Clutter. Airborne Radar clutter sources, computation of the Doppler frequency, clutter maps, constant clutter gamma model, clutter radar equation. Radome design, image lobes, clutter simulations and distribution functionss. 7. CFAR. Probability theory and the computation of the detection threshold. Cell averaging, High PRF, Greatest Of, and ordered statistic CFAR designs. 8. Air-Air Search Modes. Block diagrams, processing and performance for the Low PRF, all aspect Medium PRF, and High PRF Alert Confirm waveforms. Track mode waveforms for tracking in main beam clutter with LPI considerations. 9. Air-Ground Modes. Block diagrams and processing for real beam map, and synthetic aperture Radar. Stretch pulse compression, azimuth compression, auto focus algorithms, and automatic target detection and recognition techniques. 10. Kalman Filters and Tracking. 50 target track mode with LPI and stealth considerations. $2045 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary The revolutionary active electronically scanned array (AESA) Radar provides huge gains in performance and all the front line fighters in the world from the Americans (F35, F22, F18, F15, F16) to the Europeans, Russians and Chinese already have one or soon will. This four day seminar, which took 10,000 man hours to produce, is a comprehensive treatment on the latest systems engineering technology required to design the modes for an AESA to capitalize on the systems inherent multi role, wide bandwidth, fast beam switching, and high power capabilities. Steve Jobs once said “You must provide the tools to let people become their best”, and this seminar will include two indispensable tools for the AESA engineer. 1) A newly written 400+ page electronic book with interactive calculations and simulations on the more complicated seminar subjects like STAP and Automatic Target Recognition. 2) A professionally designed spread sheet (with software) for designing, capturing and predicting the detection performance of the AESA modes including the challenging Alert-Confirm waveform. We recommend - but do not require- that you bring a laptop to the class to maximize the learning materials. Instructor Bob Phillips has 45 years’ experience as a leader in the emerging technologies of airborne Radar systems and software. He was a key engineer in the development of the F16 radar including the APG-80 AESA, the upgraded B1B ESA, the APG68(V)9, and the venerable APG-66 MLU. As a consulting engineer Bob had responsibility for reviewing plans and proposals for software in the JSF AESA and other systems involving FLIR and EW. He was involved in teaching and marketing Radar to pilots and engineers around the world. Bob holds a BS in engineering physics and a Masters in numerical science from Johns Hopkins where he matriculated in post graduate studies in EE. He holds 4 patents and numerous disclosures. After 38 years at Northrop Bob retired and spends his time sailing and working as a Radar instructor. What You Will Learn • How to design a mode to track 50 targets with low probability of intercept. • How to design an Automatic target Detection and Recognition algorithm to quickly sort military targets from an AESA SAR image. • How to compute the probability of detection for any AESA radar mode and integrate the required software into your own simulations. • How STAP and adaptive beam formers work to cancel jamming and optimize performance. • How to detect slow moving ground targets with a state-of-the-art main beam clutter canceler. • How to calculate the detection range for any radar using an Excel spreadsheet. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 at 888.501.2100 or Vol. 114 – 26 26 – Vol. 116 Register online or call ATI 410.956.8805
  • 27. Combat Systems Engineering February 25-27, 2014 Huntsville, Alabama Update d! March 18-20, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $100 each Off The Course Tuition." 00 Summary The increasing level of combat system integration and communications requirements, coupled with shrinking defense budgets and shorter product life cycles, offers many challenges and opportunities in the design and acquisition of new combat systems. This three-day course teaches the systems engineering discipline that has built some of the modern military’s greatest combat and communications systems, using state-of-the-art systems engineering techniques. It details the decomposition and mapping of war-fighting requirements into combat system functional designs. A step-by-step description of the combat system design process is presented emphasizing the trades made necessary because of growing performance, operational, cost, constraints and ever increasing system complexities. Topics include the fire control loop and its closure by the combat system, human-system interfaces, command and communication systems architectures, autonomous and net-centric operation, induced information exchange requirements, role of communications systems, and multi-mission capabilities. Engineers, scientists, program managers, and graduate students will find the lessons learned in this course valuable for architecting, integration, and modeling of combat system. Emphasis is given to sound system engineering principles realized through the application of strict processes and controls, thereby avoiding common mistakes. Each attendee will receive a complete set of detailed notes for the class. Instructor Robert Fry works at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where he is a member of the Principal Professional Staff. Throughout his career he has been involved in the development of new combat weapon system concepts, development of system requirements, and balancing allocations within the fire control loop between sensing and weapon kinematic capabilities. He has worked on many aspects of the AEGIS combat system including AAW, BMD, AN/SPY1, and multi-mission requirements development. Missile system development experience includes SM2, SM-3, SM-6, Patriot, THAAD, HARPOON, AMRAAM, TOMAHAWK, and other missile systems. Course Outline 1. Combat System Overview. Combat system characteristics. Functional description for the combat system in terms of the sensor and weapons control, communications, and command and control. Anti-air Warfare. Antisurface Warfare. Anti-submarine Warfare. 2. Combat System Functional Organization. Combat system layers and operation. 3. Sensors. Review of the variety of multiwarfare sensor systems, their capability, operation, management, and limitations. 4. Weaponry. Weapon system suites employed by the AEGIS combat system and their capability, operation, management, and limitations. Basics of missile design and operation. 5. Fire Control Loops. What the fire control loop is and how it works, its vulnerabilities, limitations, and system battlespace. 6. Engagement Control. Weapon control, planning, and coordination. 7. Tactical Command and Contro. Humanin-the-loop, system latencies, and coordinated planning and response. 8. Communications. Current and future communications systems employed with combat systems and their relationship to combat system functions and interoperability. 9. Combat System Development. Overview of the combat system engineering and acquisition processes. 10. Current AEGIS Missions and Directions. Performance in low-intensity conflicts. Changing Navy missions, threat trends, shifts in the defense budget, and technology growth. 11. Network-Centric Operation and Warfare. Net-centric gain in warfare, network layers and coordination, and future directions. What You Will Learn • The trade-offs and issues for modern combat system design. • The role of subsystem in combat system operation. • How automation and technology impact combat system design. • Understanding requirements for joint warfare, netcentric warfare, and open architectures. • Lessons learned from AEGIS development. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 27
  • 28. Directed Infrared Countermeasures (DIRCM) Principles April 1-2, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1190 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This two-day course includes the history of DIRCM development and an industry survey of modern DIRCM systems to include missile warning receivers and missile defeat mechanisms. System integration, test, and evaluation concepts are discussed. An extensive library of video clips illustrates DIRCM design, integration, and test, as well as operational real world performance concepts. All participants receive a set of course notes and a DVD of all course materials. Instructor Mr. John L. Minor has over 35 years of professional experience with advanced military sensor systems and advanced aerospace vehicles. His career spans the military, industry, and Department of Defense (civilian) sectors. He is an internationally recognized expert in systems design, development, integration, test and evaluation of advanced airborne EO/IR sensors and weapon systems and has significant experience with UAVs. As a former employee of Lockheed Martin (LM), the LM Skunk Works, and as a former Air Force officer, Mr. Minor developed, operated, and tested numerous classified and unclassified EO/IR weapons systems. He was the lead EO/IR engineer for the Low Altitude Navigation and Targeting Infrared for Night (LANTIRN) system from 1984-1987. From 1998-1999, he was the Program Manager for the EO-IR sensors on the Tier 3 Minus Darkstar program?a high altitude, long endurance, stealthy unmanned aerial vehicle. As a Master Instructor, Mr. Minor completely redesigned the USAF Test Pilot School curriculum for test and evaluation of advanced weapon systems from. He was also instrumental in the design of the first-ever UAV/UAS flight test course for the Air Force Flight Test Center. Mr. Minor holds BSEE and MSEE degrees from the University of New Mexico/Air Force Institute of Technology and is a graduate of the USAF Test Pilot School. He is currently the Chief of the Systems Engineering Division for the Ogden Air Logistics Center Engineering Directorate. Previously, he was competitively selected as the first civilian Technical Director in the 60+ year history of the USAF Test Pilot School, serving in that position from 2004-2008 before reassignment to Hill AFB. In his capacity as USAF TPS Technical Director, Mr. Minor was instrumental in assisting the USAF Test Pilot School to achieve USC Title 10 authority to grant fully accredited Masters of Science Degrees in Flight Test Engineering under Air University. 28 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. Fundamentals of a Directed Infrared Countermeasure (DIRCM) System. 2. History of DIRCM Development. • The Infrared Threat & Increasing J/S Requirements • Missile Warning Receivers • Legacy Broadband Systems • Flash Lamp DIRCM • Laser DIRCM 3. Modern DIRCM Design Features. • UV Missile Warning • Two-Color Missile Warning • Closed Loop DIRCM • Systems Integration, Test, and Evaluation • Jam Lab Integration and Test • Open Air Integration and Test • Live Fire Test & Evaluation • Data Correlation and Data Analysis Who Should Attend Engineers, technicians, project and program managers who are concerned with the design, integration, operation and performance of DIRCM systems will find this course meets many of their needs. The depth and breadth of real world experience the instructor brings to this classroom is an invaluable resource for the students. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 29. Electronic Warfare - Advanced April 7-10, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline Summary This four-day course builds on the information in Fundamentals of EW (or equivalent) courses. The principles learned in the fundamentals course will be applied to more complex practical problems, and the theoretical underpinnings of fundamental EW concepts and techniques will be developed. Special interest will be given to advanced types of radar and communication threats and resources available to EW professionals: the range of textbooks and authors, periodicals, journals, organizations, etc. This course is intended for those who have completed a basic Electronic Warfare course or have equivalent knowledge from previous education or work experience in the field. This course, unlike the fundamentals course, uses a moderate amount of engineering mathematics. Each student will receive instructor's texts Electronic Warfare 101 and Electronic Warfare 102 and a full set of course notes. Instructor David Adamy holds BSEE and MSEE degrees, both with communication theory majors. He has over 40 years experience as an engineer and manager in the development of electronic warfare and related systems. He has published over 140 articles on electronic warfare and communications theory related subjects, including a popular monthly tutorial section in the Journal of Electronic Defense. He has ten books in print. He consults to various military organizations and teaches electronic warfare and communication theory short courses all over the world. 1. Electronic warfare and information warfare: Operational interrelationships between the various subfields; basic strategies for EA, ES and EP in modern warfare. 2. Radio propagation models. 3. Receiver system design: Advantages / disadvantages of various receiver types, dynamic range/sensitivity trade-offs, Digital receiver system design tradeoffs. 4. Advanced radar threat: Phased array radars, SAR & ISAR, ES challenges, EP challenges. 5. Low probability of intercept signals. 6. ES: Modern signal processing challenges; ES against LPI signals. 7. Modern EA architectures. 8. EA against modern radar systems. 9. EA against LPI signals. 10. Expendables and Decoy Systems. 11. Directed Energy Weapons. 12. Stealth: Stealth technology; EW vs. stealth. What You Will Learn • Theoretical basis for important EW concepts and techniques. • Relationship between electronic and information warfare and top level strategies for the application of EW (vs. just tactical approaches). • How to perform Communication intercept and jamming performance prediction using line of sight, two-ray, and knife edge diffraction propagation models. • How to perform EW and reconnaissance receiver system design trade-off analyses. They will understand how LPI signals are generated and the general approaches to the application of EW techniques to these types of signals and other modern signal types. • Directed energy weapons and stealth. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 29
  • 30. Electronic Warfare Overview February 4-5, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1190 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary Course Outline This two-day course presents the depth and breadth of modern Electronic Warfare, covering Ground, Sea, Air and Space applications, with simple, easy-to-grasp intuitive principles. Complex mathematics will be eliminated, while the tradeoffs and complexities of current and advanced EW and ELINT systems will be explored. The fundamental principles will be established first and then the many varied applications will be discussed. The attendee will leave this course with an understanding of both the principles and the practical applications of current and evolving electronic warfare technology. This course is designed as an introduction for managers and engineers who need an understanding of the basics. It will provide you with the ability to understand and communicate with others working in the field. A detailed set of notes used in the class will be provided. 1. Introduction to Electronic Combat. RadarESM-ECM-ECCM-LPI-Stealth (EC-ES-EA-EP). Overview of the Threat. Radar Technology Evolution. EW Technology Evolution. Radar Range Equation. RCS Reduction. Counter-Low Observable (CLO). 2. Vulnerability of Radar Modes. Air Search Radar. Fire Control Radar. Ground Search Radar. Pulse Doppler, MTI, DPCA. Pulse Compression. Range Track. Angle Track. SAR, TF/TA. 3. Vulnerability/Susceptibility of Weapon Systems. Semi Active Missiles. Command Guided Missiles. Active Missiles. TVM. Surface-to-air, air-to-air, air-to-surface. 4. ESM (ES). ESM/ELINT/RWR. Typical ESM Systems. Probability of Intercept. ESM Range Equation. ESM Sensitivity. ESM Receivers. DOA/AOA Measurement. MUSIC / ESPRIT. Passive Ranging. 5. ECM Techniques (EA). Principals of Electronic Attack (EA). Noise Jamming vs. Deception. Repeater vs. Transponder. Sidelobe Jamming vs. Mainlobe Jamming. Synthetic Clutter. VGPO and RGPO. TB and Cross Pol. Chaff and Active Expendables. Decoys. Bistatic Jamming. Power Management, DRFM, high ERP. 6. ECCM (EP). EP Techniques Overview. Offensive vs Defensive ECCM. Leading Edge Tracker. HOJ/AOJ. Adaptive Sidelobe Canceling. STAP. Example RadarES-EA-EP Engagement. 7. EW Systems. Airborne Self Protect Jammer. Airborne Tactical Jamming System. Shipboard SelfDefense System. 8. EW Technology. EW Technology Evolution. Transmitters. Antennas. Receiver / Processing. Advanced EW. Instructor David Adamy holds BSEE and MSEE degrees, both with communication theory majors. He has over 40 years experience as an engineer and manager in the development of electronic warfare and related systems. He has published over 140 articles on electronic warfare and communications theory related subjects, including a popular monthly tutorial section in the Journal of Electronic Defense. He has ten books in print. He consults to various military organizations and teaches electronic warfare and communication theory short courses all over the world. 30 – Vol. 116 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 31. GPS Technology International Navigation Solutions for Military, Civilian, and Aerospace Applications January 13-16, 2014 Columbia, Maryland Each Stu receive a dent will receiver free GPS with co displays lor map ! March 10-13, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary If present plans materialize, 128 radionavigation satellites will soon be installed along the space frontier. They will be owned and operated by six different countries hoping to capitalize on the financial success of the GPS constellation. In this popular four-day short course Tom Logsdon describes in detail how these various radionavigation systems work and reviews the many practical benefits they are slated to provide to military and civilian users around the globe. Logsdon will explain how each radionavigation system works and how to use it in various practical situations. Instructor Tom Logsdon has worked on the GPS radionavigation satellites and their constellation for more than 20 years. He helped design the Transit Navigation System and the GPS and he acted as a consultant to the European Galileo Spaceborne Navigation System. His key assignment have included constellation selection trades, military and civilian applications, force multiplier effects, survivability enhancements and spacecraft autonomy studies. Over the past 30 years Logsdon has taught more than 300 short courses. He has also made two dozen television appearances, helped design an exhibit for the Smithsonian Institution, and written and published 1.7 million words, including 29 non fiction books. These include Understanding the Navstar, Orbital Mechanics, and The Navstar Global Positioning System. "The presenter was very energetic and truly passionate about the material" " Tom Logsdon is the best teacher I have ever had. His knowledge is excellent. He is a 10!" "Mr. Logsdon did a bang-up job explaining and deriving the theories of special/general relativity–and how they are associated with the GPS navigation solutions." "I loved his one-page mathematical derivations and the important points they illustrate." Video! Course Outline 1. Radionavigation Concepts. Active and passive radionavigation systems. Position and velocity solutions. Nanosecond timing accuracies. Today’s spaceborne atomic clocks. Websites and other sources of information. Building a flourishing $200 billion radionavigation empire in space. 2. The Three Major Segments of the GPS. Signal structure and pseudorandom codes. Modulation techniques. Practical performance-enhancements. Relativistic time dilations. Inverted navigation solutions. 3. Navigation Solutions and Kalman Filtering Techniques. Taylor series expansions. Numerical iteration. Doppler shift solutions. Kalman filtering algorithms. 4. Designing Effective GPS Receivers. The functions of a modern receiver. Antenna design techniques. Code tracking and carrier tracking loops. Commercial chipsets. Military receivers. Navigation solutions for orbiting satellites. 5. Military Applications. Military test ranges. Tactical and strategic applications. Autonomy and survivability enhancements. Smart bombs and artillery projectiles. 6. Integrated Navigation Systems. Mechanical and strapdown implementations. Ring lasers and fiber-optic gyros. Integrated navigation systems. Military applications. 7. Differential Navigation and Pseudosatellites. Special committee 104’s data exchange protocols. Global data distribution. Wide-area differential navigation. Pseudosatellites. International geosynchronous overlay satellites. The American WAAS, the European EGNOS, and the Japanese QZSS.. 8. Carrier-Aided Solution Techniques. Attitudedetermination receivers. Spaceborne navigation for NASA’s Twin Grace satellites. Dynamic and kinematic orbit determination. Motorola’s spaceborne monarch receiver. Relativistic time-dilation derivations. Relativistic effects due to orbital eccentricity. 9. The Navstar Satellites. Subsystem descriptions. On-orbit test results. Orbital perturbations and computer modeling techniques. Station-keeping maneuvers. Earthshadowing characteristics. The European Galileo, the Chinese Biedou/Compass, the Indian IRNSS, and the Japanese QZSS. 10. Russia’s Glonass Constellation. Performance comparisons. Orbital mechanics considerations. The Glonass subsystems. Russia’s SL-12 Proton booster. Building dual-capability GPS/Glonass receivers. Glonass in the evening news. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 31
  • 32. Missile System Design February 10-13, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Video! Course Outline Summary This four-day short course covers the fundamentals of missile design, development, and system engineering. The course provides a system-level, integrated method for missile aerodynamic configuration/propulsion design and analysis. It addresses the broad range of alternatives in meeting cost, performance, and risk requirements. The methods presented are generally simple closed-form analytical expressions that are physics-based, to provide insight into the primary driving parameters. Configuration sizing examples are presented for rocket-powered, ramjet-powered, and turbo-jet powered baseline missiles. Typical values of missile parameters and the characteristics of current operational missiles are discussed as well as the enabling subsystems and technologies for missiles and the current/projected state-of-the-art. Daily roundtable discussion. Design, build, and fly competition. Over seventy videos illustrate missile development activities and missile performance. Attendees will vote on the relative emphasis of the material to be presented. Attendees receive course notes as well as the textbook, Missile Design and System Engineering. Instructor Eugene L. Fleeman has 49 years of government, industry, academia, and consulting experience in Missile Design and System Engineering. Formerly a manager of missile programs at Air Force Research Laboratory, Rockwell International, Boeing, and Georgia Tech, he is an international lecturer on missiles and the author of over 100 publications, including the AIAA textbook, Missile Design and System Engineering. What You Will Learn • Key drivers in the missile design and system engineering process. • Critical tradeoffs, methods and technologies in subsystems, aerodynamic, propulsion, and structure sizing. • Launch platform-missile integration. • Robustness, lethality, guidance navigation & control, accuracy, observables, survivability, safty, reliability, and cost considerations. • Missile sizing examples. • Development process for missile systems and missile technologies. • Design, build, and fly competition. Who Should Attend The course is oriented toward the needs of missile engineers, systems engineers, analysts, marketing personnel, program managers, university professors, and others working in the area of missile systems and technology development. Attendees will gain an understanding of missile design, missile technologies, launch platform integration, missile system measures of merit, and the missile system development process. 32 – Vol. 116 1. Introduction/Key Drivers in the Missile System Design Process: Overview of missile design process. Examples of systemof-systems integration. Unique characteristics of missiles. Key aerodynamic configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process. Examples of processes to establish mission requirements. Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR). Example of Pareto analysis. Attendees vote on course emphasis. 2. Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile System Design: Optimizing missile aerodynamics. Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) options. Selecting flight control alternatives. Wing and tail sizing. Predicting normal force, drag, pitching moment, stability, control effectiveness, lift-to-drag ratio, and hinge moment. Maneuver law alternatives. 3. Propulsion Considerations in Missile System Design: Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and rocket propulsion comparisons. Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing. Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives. Ramjet performance prediction and sizing. High density fuels. Solid propellant alternatives. Propellant grain cross section trade-offs. Effective thrust magnitude control. Reducing propellant observables. Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing. Solid propellant rocket motor combustion instability. Motor case and nozzle materials. 4. Weight Considerations in Missile System Design: How to size subsystems to meet flight performance requirements. Structural design criteria factor of safety. Structure concepts and manufacturing processes. Selecting airframe materials. Loads prediction. Weight prediction. Airframe and motor case design. Aerodynamic heating prediction and insulation trades. Dome material alternatives and sizing. Power supply and actuator alternatives and sizing. 5. Flight Performance Considerations in Missile System Design: Flight envelope limitations. Aerodynamic sizing-equations of motion. Accuracy of simplified equations of motion. Maximizing flight performance. Benefits of flight trajectory shaping. Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, divert, and homing flight. 6. Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration: Achieving robustness in adverse weather. Seeker, navigation, data link, and sensor alternatives. Seeker range prediction. Countercountermeasures. Warhead alternatives and lethality prediction. Approaches to minimize collateral damage. Fuzing alternatives and requirements for fuze angle and time delay. Alternative guidance laws. Proportional guidance accuracy prediction. Time constant contributors and prediction. Maneuverability design criteria. Radar cross section and infrared signature prediction. Survivability considerations. Insensitive munitions. Enhanced reliability. Cost drivers of schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count. EMD and production cost prediction. Logistics considerations. Designing within launch platform constraints. Standard launchers. Internal vs. external carriage. Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation environment considerations. Launch platform interfaces. Cold and solar environment temperature prediction. 7. Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools: Trade-offs for extended range rocket. Sizing for enhanced maneuverability. Developing a harmonized missile. Lofted range prediction. Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness. Ramjet fuel alternatives. Ramjet velocity control. Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse. Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range. Turbojet engine rotational speed. Computer aided sizing tools for conceptual design. Design, build, and fly competition. Pareto, house of quality, and design of experiment analysis. 8. Missile Development Process: Design validation/technology development process. Developing a technology roadmap. History of transformational technologies. Funding emphasis. Cost, risk, and performance tradeoffs. New missile follow-on projections. Examples of development tests and facilities. Example of technology demonstration flight envelope. Examples of technology development. New technologies for missiles. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 33. Modern Missile Analysis Propulsion, Guidance, Control, Seekers, and Technology January 20-23, 2014 Huntsville, Alabama February 3-6, 2014 Albuquerque, New Mexico February 18-21, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1940 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Video! Summary This four-day course presents a broad introduction to major missile subsystems and their integrated performance, explained in practical terms, but including relevant analytical methods. While emphasis is on today’s homing missiles and future trends, the course includes a historical perspective of relevant older missiles. Both endoatmospheric and exoatmospheric missiles (missiles that operate in the atmosphere and in space) are addressed. Missile propulsion, guidance, control, and seekers are covered, and their roles and interactions in integrated missile operation are explained. The types and applications of missile simulation and testing are presented. Comparisons of autopilot designs, guidance approaches, seeker alternatives, and instrumentation for various purposes are presented. The course is recommended for analysts, engineers, and technical managers who want to broaden their understanding of modern missiles and missile systems. The analytical descriptions require some technical background, but practical explanations can be appreciated by all students. Instructor Dr. Walter R. Dyer is a graduate of UCLA, with a Ph.D. degree in Control Systems Engineering and Applied Mathematics. He has over thirty years of industry, government and academic experience in the analysis and design of tactical and strategic missiles. His experience includes Standard Missile, Stinger, AMRAAM, HARM, MX, Small ICBM, and ballistic missile defense. He is currently a Senior Staff Member at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory and was formerly the Chief Technologist at the Missile Defense Agency in Washington, DC. He has authored numerous industry and government reports and published prominent papers on missile technology. He has also taught university courses in engineering at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. What You Will Learn You will gain an understanding of the design and analysis of homing missiles and the integrated performance of their subsystems. • Missile propulsion and control in the atmosphere and in space. • Clear explanation of homing guidance. • Types of missile seekers and how they work. • Missile testing and simulation. • Latest developments and future trends. Course Outline 1. Introduction. Brief history of Missiles. Types of guided missiles. Introduction to ballistic missile defense.Endoatmospheric and exoatmospheric missile operation. Missile basing. Missile subsystems overview. Warheads, lethality and hit-to-kill. Power and power conditioning. 2. Missile Propulsion. The rocket equation. Solid and liquid propulsion. Single stage and multistage boosters. Ramjets and scramjets. Axial propulsion. Divert and attitude control systems. Effects of gravity and atmospheric drag. 3. Missile Airframes, Autopilots And Control. Phases of missile flight. Purpose and functions of autopilots. Missile control configurations. Autopilot design. Open-loop autopilots. Inertial instruments and feedback. Autopilot response, stability, and agility. Body modes and rate saturation. Roll control and induced roll in high performance missiles. Radomes and their effects on missile control. Adaptive autopilots. Rolling airframe missiles. 4. Exoatmospheric Missiles For Ballistic Missile Defense. Exoatmospheric missile autopilots, propulsion and attitude control. Pulse width modulation. Exoatmospheric missile autopilots. Limit cycles. 5. Missile Guidance. Seeker types and operation for endo- and exo-atmospheric missiles. Passive, active and semi active missile guidance. Radar basics and radar seekers. Passive sensing basics and passive seekers. Scanning seekers and focal plane arrays. Seeker comparisons and tradeoffs for different missions. Signal processing and noise reduction 6. Missile Seekers. Boost and midcourse guidance. Zero effort miss. Proportional navigation and augmented proportional navigation. Biased proportional navigation. Predictive guidance. Optimum homing guidance. Guidance filters. Homing guidance examples and simulation results. Miss distance comparisons with different homing guidance laws. Sources of miss and miss reduction. Beam rider, pure pursuit, and deviated pursuit guidance. 7. Simulation And Its Applications. Current simulation capabilities and future trends. Hardware in the loop. Types of missile testing and their uses, advantages and disadvantages of testing alternatives. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 33
  • 34. Multi-Target Tracking and Multi-Sensor Data Fusion January 28-30, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. d With Revise Added Newly ics Top Summary The objective of this course is to introduce engineers, scientists, managers and military operations personnel to the fields of target tracking and data fusion, and to the key technologies which are available today for application to this field. The course is designed to be rigorous where appropriate, while remaining accessible to students without a specific scientific background in this field. The course will start from the fundamentals and move to more advanced concepts. This course will identify and characterize the principle components of typical tracking systems. A variety of techniques for addressing different aspects of the data fusion problem will be described. Real world examples will be used to emphasize the applicability of some of the algorithms. Specific illustrative examples will be used to show the tradeoffs and systems issues between the application of different techniques. Instructor Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior Technical Staff at the Johns Hopkins Univeristy Applied Physics Laboratory. He has over 30 years of experience in tracking, sensor fusion, and radar systems analysis and design for the Navy,Marine Corps, Air Force, and FAA. Recent work has included the integration of a new radar into an existing multisensor system and in the integration, using a multiple hypothesis approach, of shipboard radar and ESM sensors. Previous experience has included analysis and design of multiradar fusion systems, integration of shipboard sensors including radar, IR and ESM, integration of radar, IFF, and time-difference-ofarrival sensors with GPS data sources. 34 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction. The Kalman Filter. Other Linear Filters. Non-Linear Filters. Angle-Only Tracking. Maneuvering Targets: Adaptive Techniques. Maneuvering Targets: Multiple Model Approaches. 8. Single Target Correlation & Association. 9. Track Initiation, Confirmation & Deletion. 10. Using Measured Range Rate (Doppler). 11. Multitarget Correlation & Association. 12. Probabilistic Data Association. 13. Multiple Hypothesis Approaches. 14. Coordinate Conversions. 15. Multiple Sensors. 16. Data Fusion Architectures. 17. Fusion of Data From Multiple Radars. 18. Fusion of Data From Multiple Angle-Only Sensors. 19. Fusion of Data From Radar and Angle-Only Sensor. 20. Sensor Alignment. 21. Fusion of Target Type and Attribute Data. 22. Performance Metrics. What You Will Learn • State Estimation Techniques – Kalman Filter, constant-gain filters. • Non-linear filtering – When is it needed? Extended Kalman Filter. • Techniques for angle-only tracking. • Tracking algorithms, their advantages and limitations, including: - Nearest Neighbor - Probabilistic Data Association - Multiple Hypothesis Tracking - Interactive Multiple Model (IMM) • How to handle maneuvering targets. • Track initiation – recursive and batch approaches. • Architectures for sensor fusion. • Sensor alignment – Why do we need it and how do we do it? • Attribute Fusion, including Bayesian methods, Dempster-Shafer, Fuzzy Logic. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 35. Passive Emitter Geo-Location February 11-13, 2014 Columbia, Maryland Summary This three-day course covers the algorithms used to locate a stationary RF signal source, such as a radar, radio, or cell phone. The topics covered include: a review of vectors, matrices, and probability; linear estimation and Kalman filters; nonlinear estimation and extended Kalman filters; robust estimation; data association; measurement models for direction of arrival, time difference of arrival, and frequency difference of arrival; geo-location algorithms; performance analysis. Most of the course material is developed in planar Cartesian coordinates for simplicity; however, the extension to WGS84 coordinates is provided to equip the students for practical applications. Instructor Michael T. Grabbe is a Senior Staff Member in the Weapon and Targeting Systems Group at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has 20 years of experience working in the areas of ground emitter geo-location, target tracking, signal processing, and missile navigation. Prior to joining APL, he worked in these areas at L-3 Communications, Raytheon Missile Systems, and Texas Instruments. He received a B.S. degree in Engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy, an M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from Southern Methodist University, an M.S. degree in Applied Mathematics from the University of Arkansas, and a Ph.D. in Mathematical Sciences from Clemson University. He holds three geo-location and tracking algorithm patents and is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. $1890 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Overview of geo-location systems. 2. Vectors and matrices. 3. Probability and statistics. 4. Linear estimation. 5. Optimal estimation. 6. Robust estimation. 7. Recursive estimation and Kalman filters. 8. Nonlinear estimation and extended Kalman filters. 9. Data association. 10. Measurement models for DOA, TDOA, FDOA. 11. Geo-location algorithms. 12. Geo-location performance analysis. 13. Geo-location in WGS84 coordinates. What You Will Learn • Solve estimation problems using both batch processing and recursive algorithms. • Develop mathematical models of quantities typically used for geo-location, such as Direction of Arrival (DOA), Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA), and Frequency Difference of Arrival (FDOA). • Predict geo-location performance for a given sensor-signal source geometry. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 35
  • 36. Modern Radar - Principles May 12-15, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1940 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This 4-day course provides basic radar principles, radar phenomenology, subsystems, functions, and modes of operations, including ground and airborne search, track, and ground mapping. We cover transmitters, antennas receivers and signal processing, including adaptive techniques, clutter filtering, thresholding and detection, and data processing including radar tracking. We focus on modern challenges, evolving requirements, and supporting technological development, including radar stability and dynamic range, solid state active arrays, active array auto-calibration, synthetic wideband for high range resolution, and modern waveform technologies. We also cover radar modeling and simulation and their roles in various stages of the radar lifecycle. Instructor Dr. Menachem Levitas received his BS, maxima cum laude, from the University of Portland and his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in 1975, both in physics. He has forty one years experience in science and engineering, thirty three of which in radar systems analysis, design, development, and testing for the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and FAA. His experience encompasses many ground based, shipboard, and airborne radar systems. He has been technical lead on many radar efforts including Government source selection teams. He is the author of multiple radar based innovations and is a recipient of the Aegis Excellence Award for his contribution toward the AN/SPY-1 high range resolution (HRR) development. For many years, prior to his retirement in 2011, he had been the chief scientist of Technology Service Corporation / Washington. He continues to provide radar technical support under consulting agreements. Course Outline 1. Radar Fundamentals. Electromagnetic radiations, frequency, transmission and reception, waveforms, PRF, minimum range, range resolution and bandwidth, scattering, target cross-section, reflectivities, scattering statistics, polarimetric scattering, measurement accuracies, basic radar operating modes. 2. The Radar Range Equation. Development of the simple twoways range equation, signal-to-noise, losses, the search equation, inclusion of clutter and broad noise jamming. 3. Radar Propagation in the Earth troposphere. Classical propagation regions in the vicinity of the Earth’s surface (interference, diffraction, and intermediate), multipath phase and amplitude effects, the Pattern Propagation Factor (PPF), detection contours, frequency height, polarization, and antenna pattern effects, atmospheric refraction, atmospheric attenuation, anomalous propagation, modeling tools. 4. Workshop. Solid angle, antenna beamwidths, directive gain, illumination function, pattern, and examples, the radar range equation development, system losses, atmospheric absorption, the Pattern Propagation Factor, the Blake chart, and examples. 5. Noise in Receiving Systems. Thermal noise and temperature, bandwidth and matched filter, the receiver chain, the detection point, active and passive transducers, noise figure and losses, the referral principle and its relation to gains and losses, effective noise temperature, the system’s noise temperature. 6. Radar Detection Principles. Thermal noise statistics, relations among voltage, amplitude, and power statistics, false alarm time, false alarm number, probability of false alarm (PFA) and the detection threshold, the detection probability, detection of non-fluctuating targets, the Swerling models of target fluctuation statistics, detection of fluctuating targets, pulse integration options, the significance of frequency diversity. 7. The Radar Subsystems. Transmitter, antenna, receiver and signal processor ( Pulse Compression and Doppler filtering principles, automatic detection with adaptive detection threshold, the CFAR mechanism, sidelobe blanking angle estimation), the radar control program and data processor. 8. Modern Signal Processing and Clutter Filtering Principles. Functional block diagram, Adaptive cancellation and STAP, pulse editing, pulse compression, clutter and Doppler filtering, moving target indicator (MTI), pulse Doppler (PD) filtering, dependence on signal stability. 9. Modern Advances in Waveforms. Pulse Compression (fundamentals, figures of merit, codes description, optimal codes and TSC’s state of the art capabilities), Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) radar. 10. Electronically Scanned Antenna. Fundamental concepts, directivity and gain, elements and arrays, near and far field radiation, element factor and array factor, illumination function and Fourier transform relations, beamwidth approximations, array tapers and 36 – Vol. 116 sidelobes, electrical dimension and errors, array bandwidth, steering mechanisms, grating lobes, phase monopulse, beam broadening, examples. 11. Solid State Active Phased Arrays. What are solid state active arrays (SSAA), what advantages do they provide, emerging requirements that call for SSAA (or AESA), SSAA issues at T/R module, array, and system levels. 12. Auto-calibration of Active Phased Arrays. Driving issues, types of calibration, auto-calibration via elements mutual coupling, principal issues with calibration via mutual-coupling, some properties of the different calibration techniques. 13. Radar Tracking. Functional block diagram, what is radar tracking, firm track initiation and range, track update, track maintenance, algorithmic alternatives (association via single or multiple hypotheses, tracking filters options), role of electronically steered arrays in radar tracking. 14. Airborne Radar. Radar bands and their implications, pulse repetition frequency (PRF) categories and their properties, clutter spectrum, dynamic range, iso-ranges and iso-Dops, altitude line, sidelobe blanking, mainbeam clutter blindness and ambiguities, clutter filtering using TACCAR and DPCA, ambiguity resolution, post detection STC. 15. Synthetic Aperture Radar. Principles of high resolution, radar vs. optical imaging, real vs. synthetic aperture, real beam limitations, simultaneous vs. sequential operation, derivations of focused array resolution, unfocused arrays, motion compensation, range-gate drifting, synthetic aperture modes: real-beam mapping, strip mapping, and spotlighting, waveform restrictions, processing throughputs, synthetic aperture ‘monopulse’ concepts. 16. High Range Resolution via Synthetic Wideband. Principle of high range resolution – instantaneous and synthetic, synthetic wideband generation, grating lobes and instantaneous band overlap, cross-band dispersion, cross-band calibration, examples. 17. Adaptive Cancellation and STAP. Adaptive cancellation overview, broad vs. directive auxiliary patterns, sidelobe vs. mainbeam cancellation, bandwidth and arrival angle dependence, tap delay lines, space sampling, and digital arrays, range Doppler response example, space-time adaptive processing (STAP), system and array requirements, STAP processing alternatives, degrees of freedom, transmit null-casting techniques. 18. Radar Modeling and Simulation Fundamentals. Radar development and testing issues that drive the need for M&S, purpose, types of simulations – power domain, signal domain, H/W in the loop, modern simulation framework tools, examples: power domain (TCE), signal domain (SGP), antenna array (MAARSIM), fire finding (FFPEM). 19. Key Radar Challenges and Advances. Key radar challenges, key advances (transmitter, antenna, signal stability, digitization and digital processing, waveforms, algorithms). Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 37. Propagation Effects of Radar & Communication Systems Course Outline April 8-10, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course examines the atmospheric effects that influence the propagation characteristics of radar and communication signals at microwave and millimeter frequencies for both earth and earth-satellite scenarios. These include propagation in standard, ducting, and subrefractive atmospheres, attenuation due to the gaseous atmosphere, precipitation, and ionospheric effects. Propagation estimation techniques are given such as the Tropospheric Electromagnetic Parabolic Equation Routine (TEMPER) and Radio Physical Optics (RPO). Formulations for calculating attenuation due to the gaseous atmosphere and precipitation for terrestrial and earth-satellite scenarios employing International Tele-communication Union (ITU) models are reviewed. Case studies are presented from experimental line-of-sight, over-thehorizon, and earth-satellite communication systems. Example problems, calculation methods, and formulations are presented throughout the course for purpose of providing practical estimation tools. Instructor G. Daniel Dockery received the B.S. degree in physics and the M.S. degree in electrical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Since joining The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (JHU/APL) in 1983, he has been active in the areas of modeling EM propagation in the troposphere as well as predicting the impact of the environment on radar and communications systems. Mr. Dockery is a principalauthor of the propagation and surface clutter models currently used by the Navy for high-fidelity system performance analyses at frequencies from HF to KaBand. 1. Fundamental Propagation Phenomena. Introduction to basic propagation concepts including reflection, refraction, diffraction and absorption. 2. Propagation in a Standard Atmosphere. Introduction to the troposphere and its constituents. Discussion of ray propagation in simple atmospheric conditions and explanation of effective-earth radius concept. 3. Non-Standard (Anomalous) Propagation. Definition of subrefraction, supperrefraction and various types of ducting conditions. Discussion of meteorological processes giving rise to these different refractive conditions. 4. Atmospheric Measurement / Sensing Techniques. Discussion of methods used to determine atmospheric refractivity with descriptions of different types of sensors such as balloonsondes, rocketsondes, instrumented aircraft and remote sensors. 5. Quantitative Prediction of Propagation Factor or Propagation Loss. Various methods, current and historical for calculating propagation are described. Several models such as EREPS, RPO, TPEM, TEMPER and APM are examined and contrasted. 6. Propagation Impacts on System Performance. General discussions of enhancements and degradations for communications, radar and weapon systems are presented. Effects covered include radar detection, track continuity, monopulse tracking accuracy, radar clutter, and communication interference and connectivity. 7. Degradation of Propagation in the Troposphere. An overview of the contributors to attenuation in the troposphere for terrestrial and earthsatellite communication scenarios. 8. Attenuation Due to the Gaseous Atmosphere. Methods for determining attenuation coefficient and path attenuation using ITU-R models. 9. Attenuation Due to Precipitation. Attenuation coefficients and path attenuation and their dependence on rain rate. Earth-satellite rain attenuation statistics from which system fade-margins may be designed. ITU-R estimation methods for determining rain attenuation statistics at variable frequencies. 10. Ionospheric Effects at Microwave Frequencies. Description and formulation for Faraday rotation, time delay, range error effects, absorption, dispersion and scintillation. 11. Scattering from Distributed Targets. Received power and propagation factor for bistatic and monostatic scenarios from atmosphere containing rain or turbulent refractivity. 12. Line-of-Sight Propagation Effects. Signal characteristics caused by ducting and extreme subrefraction. Concurrent meteorological and radar measurements and multi-year fading statistics. 13. Over-Horizon Propagation Effects. Signal characteristics caused by tropsocatter and ducting and relation to concurrent meteorology. Propagation factor statistics. 14. Errors in Propagation Assessment. Assessment of errors obtained by assuming lateral homogeneity of the refractivity environment. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 37
  • 38. Radar 101 / 201 RAdAR 101 RAdAR 201 Fundamentals of Radar Advances in Modern Radar April 15, 2014 April 16, 2014 Laurel, Maryland $700 Laurel, Maryland (8:30am - 4:00pm) $700 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $50 each Off The Course Tuition." "Register 3 or More & Receive $5000 each Off The Course Tuition." Dr. Menachem Levitas received his BS, maxima cum laude, from the University of Portland and his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in 1975, both in physics. He has forty one years experience in science and engineering, thirty three of which in radar systems analysis, design, development, and testing for the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and FAA. His experience encompasses many ground based, shipboard, and airborne radar systems. He has been technical lead on many radar efforts including Government source selection teams. He is the author of multiple radar based innovations and is a recipient of the Aegis Excellence Award for his contribution toward the AN/SPY-1 high range resolution (HRR) development. For many years, prior to his retirement in 2011, he had been the chief scientist of Technology Service Corporation / Washington. He continues to provide radar technical support under consulting agreements. 00 ATTENd EIThEr Or bOTh rAdAr COurSES! Summary This concise one-day course is intended for those with only modest or no radar experience. It provides an overview with understanding of the physics behind radar, tools used in describing radar, the technology of radar at the subsystem level and concludes with a brief survey of recent accomplish-ments in various applications. Summary This one-day course is a supplement to the basic course Radar 101, and probes deliberately deeper into selected topics, notably in signal processing to achieve (generally) finer and finer resolution (in several dimensions, imaging included) and in antennas wherein the versatility of the phased array has made such an impact. Finally, advances in radar's own data processing - auto-detection, more refined association processes, and improved auto-tracking - and system wide fusion processes are briefly discussed. Course Outline Course Outline 1. Introduction. The general nature of radar: composition, block diagrams, photos, types and functions of radar, typical characteristics. 2. The Physics of Radar. Electromagnetic waves and their vector representation. The spectrum bands used in radar. Radar waveforms. Scattering. Target and clutter behavior representations. Propagation: refractivity, attenuation, and the effects of the Earth surface. 3. The Radar Range Equation. Development from basic principles. The concepts of peak and average power, signal and noise bandwidth and the matched filter concept, antenna aperture and gain, system noise temperature, and signal detectability. 4. Thermal Noise and Detection in Thermal Noise. Formation of thermal noise in a receiver. System noise temperature (Ts) and noise figure (NF). The role of a lownoise amplifier (LNA). Signal and noise statistics. False alarm probability. Detection thresholds. Detection probability. Coherent and non-coherent multi-pulse integration. 5. The sub-systems of Radar. Transmitter (pulse oscillator vs. MOPA, tube vs. solid state, bottled vs. distributed architecture), antenna (pattern, gain, sidelobes, bandwidth), receiver (homodyne vs. super heterodyne), signal processor (functions, front and backend), and system controller/tracker. Types, issues, architectures, tradeoff considerations. 5. Current Accomplishments and Concluding Discussion. 1. Introduction. Radar’s development, the metamorphosis of the last few decades: analog and digital technology evolution, theory and algorithms, increased digitization: multi-functionality, adaptivity to the environment, higher detection sensitivity, higher resolution, increased performance in clutter. 2. Modern Signal Processing. Clutter and the Doppler principle. MTI and Pulse Doppler filtering. Adaptive cancellation and STAP. Pulse editing. Pulse Compression processing. Adaptive thresholding and detection. Ambiguity resolution. Measurement and reporting. 3. Electronic Steering Arrays (ESA): Principles of Operation. Advantages and cost elements. Behavior with scan angle. Phase shifters, true time delays (TTL) and array bandwidth. Other issues. 4. Solid State Active Array (SSAA) Antennas (AESA). Architecture. Technology. Motivation. Advantages. Increased array digitization and compatibility with adaptive pattern applications. Need for in-place auto-calibration and compensation. 5. Modern Advances in Waveforms. Pulse compression principles. Performance measures. Some legacy codes. State-of-the-art optimal codes. Spectral compliance. Temporal controls. Orthogonal codes. Multiple-input Multiple-output (MIMO) radar. 6. Data Processing Functions. The conventional functions of report to track correlation, track initiation, update, and maintenance. The new added responsibilities of managing a multi-function array: prioritization, timing, resource management. The Multiple Hypothesis tracker. 38 – Vol. 116 7. Concluding Discussion. Today’s concern of mission and theatre uncertainties. Increasing requirements at constrained size, weight, and cost. Needs for growth potential. System of systems with data fusion and multiple communication links. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 39. Radar Systems Design & Engineering Radar Performance Calculations Summary This four-day course covers radar functionality, architecture, and performance. Fundamental radar issues such as transmitter stability, antenna pattern, clutter, jamming, propagation, target cross section, dynamic range, receiver noise, receiver architecture, waveforms, processing, and target detection are treated in detail within the unifying context of the radar range equation, and examined within the contexts of surface and airborne radar platforms and their respective applications. Advanced topics such as pulse compression, electronically steered arrays, and active phased arrays are covered, together with the related issues of failure compensation and autocalibration. The fundamentals of multi-target tracking principles are covered, and detailed examples of surface and airborne radars are presented. This course is designed for engineers and engineering managers who wish to understand how surface and airborne radar systems work, and to familiarize themselves with pertinent design issues and the current technological frontiers. • • • • • • • • • • What You Will Learn What are radar subsystems. How to calculate radar performance. Key functions, issues, and requirements. HHow different requirements make radars different. Operating in different modes & environments. ESA and AESA radars: what are these technologies, how they work, what drives them, and what new issues they bring. Issues unique to multifunction, phased array, radars. State-of-the-art waveforms and waveform processing. How airborne radars differ from surface radars. Today's requirements, technologies & designs. Course Outline Day 1 - Part I: Radar and Phenomenology Fundamentals 1. Introduction. Radar systems examples. Radar ranging principles, frequencies, architecture, measurements, displays, and parameters. Radar range equation; radar waveforms; antenna patterns, types, and parameters. 2. Noise in Receiving Systems and Detection Principles. Noise sources; statistical properties. Radar range equation; false alarm and detection probability; and pulse integration schemes. Radar cross section; stealth; fluctuating targets; stochastic models; detection of fluctuating targets. 3. CW Radar, Doppler, and Receiver Architecture. Basic properties; CW and high PRF relationships; dynamic range, stability; isolation requirements, techniques, and devices; superheterodyne receivers; in-phase and quadrature receivers; signal spectrum; spectral broadening; matched filtering; Doppler filtering; Spectral modulation; CW ranging; and measurement accuracy. 4. Radio Waves Propagation. The pattern propagation factor; interference (multipath,) and diffraction; refraction; standard refractivity; the 4/3 Earth approximation; sub-refractivity; super refractivity; trapping; propagation ducts; littoral propagation; propagation modeling; attenuation. 5. Radar Clutter and Detection in Clutter. Volume, surface, and discrete clutter, deleterious clutter effects on radar performance, clutter characteristics, effects of platform velocity, distributed sea clutter and sea spikes, terrain clutter, grazing angle vs. depression angle characterization, volume clutter, birds, Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) thresholding, editing CFAR, and Clutter Maps. Day 2 - Part II: Clutter Processing, Waveform, and Waveform Processing 6. Clutter Filtering Principles. Signal-to-clutter ratio; signal and clutter separation techniques; range and Doppler techniques; principles of filtering; transmitter stability and filtering; pulse Doppler and MTI; MTD; blind speeds and blind ranges; staggered MTI; analog and digital filtering; notch shaping; gains and losses. Performance measures: clutter attenuation, improvement factor, subclutter visibility, and cancellation ratio. Improvement factor limitation sources; stability noise sources; composite errors; types of MTI. 7. Radar Waveforms. The time-bandwidth concept. Pulse compression; Performance measures; Code families; Matched and mismatched filters. Optimal codes and code families: multiple constraints. Performance in the time and frequency domains; Mismatched filters and their applications; Orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal codes; Multiple-InputMultiple-Output (MIMO) radar; MIMO waveforms and MIMO antenna patterns. Part 3: ESA, AESA, and Related Topics 8. Electronically Scanned Radar Systems. Fundamental concepts, directivity and gain, elements and arrays, near and far field radiation, element factor and array factor, illumination function and Fourier transform relations, beamwidth approximations, array tapers and sidelobes, electrical February 24-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland June 23-26, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland $1940 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Instructors Dr. Menachem Levitas received his BS, maxima cum laude, from the University of Portland and his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in 1975, both in physics. He has forty three years experience in science and engineering, thirty five of which in radar systems analysis, design, development, and testing for the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and FAA. His experience encompasses many ground based, shipboard, and airborne radar systems. He has been technical lead on many radar efforts including Government source selection teams. He is the author of multiple radar based innovations and is a recipient of the Aegis Excellence Award for his contribution toward the AN/SPY-1 high range resolution (HRR) development. For many years, prior to his retirement in 2011, he had been the chief scientist of Technology Service Corporation / Washington. He continues to provide radar technical support under consulting agreements. Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior Technical Staff of the Applied Physics Laboratory. He has over 30 years of experience in tracking, sensor fusion, and radar systems analysis and design for the Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and FAA. Recent work has included the integration of a new radar into an existing multisensor system and in the integration, using a multiple hypothesis approach, of shipboard radar and ESM sensors. Previous experience has included analysis and design of multiradar fusion systems, integration of shipboard sensors including radar, IR and ESM, integration of radar, IFF, and time-difference-of-arrival sensors with GPS data sources, and integration of multiple sonar systems on underwater platforms. dimension and errors, array bandwidth, steering mechanisms, grating lobes, phase monopulse, beam broadening, examples. 9. Active Phased Array Radar Systems. What are solid state active arrays (SSAA), what advantages do they provide, emerging requirements that call for SSAA (or AESA), SSAA issues at T/R module, array, and system levels, digital arrays, future direction. 10. Multiple Simultaneous Beams. Why multiple beams, independently steered beams vs. clustered beams, alternative organization of clustered beams and their implications, quantization lobes in clustered beams arrangements and design options to mitigate them. Day 3 11. Auto-Calibration Techniques in Active Phased Array Radars: Motivation; the mutual coupling in a phased array radar; external calibration reference approach; the mutual coupling approach; architectural. 12. Module Failure and Array Auto-compensation: The ‘bathtub’ profile of module failure rates and its three regions, burn-in and accelerated stress tests, module packaging and periodic replacements, cooling alternatives, effects of module failure on array pattern, array autocompensation techniques to extend time between replacements, need for recalibration after module replacement. Part 4: Applications 13. Surface Radar. Principal functions and characteristics, nearness and extent of clutter, effects of anomalous propagation, the stressing factors of dynamic range, signal stability, time, and coverage requirements, transportation requirements and their implications, sensitivity time control in classical radar, the increasing role of bird/angel clutter and its effects on radar design, firm track initiation and the scan-back mechanism, antenna pattern techniques used to obtain partial relief. 14. Airborne Radar. Frequency selection; Platform motion effects; iso-ranges and iso-Dopplers; antenna pattern effects; clutter; reflection point; altitude line. The role of medium and high PRF's in lookdown modes; the three PRF regimes; range and Doppler ambiguities; velocity search modes, TACCAR and DPCA.) 15. Synthetic Aperture Radar. Principles of high resolution, radar vs. optical imaging, real vs. synthetic aperture, real beam limitations, simultaneous vs. sequential operation, derivations of focused array resolution, unfocused arrays, motion compensation, range-gate drifting, synthetic aperture modes: real-beam mapping, strip mapping, and spotlighting, waveform restrictions, processing throughputs, synthetic aperture 'monopulse' concepts. Day 4 16. Multiple Target Tracking. Definition of Basic terms. Track Initiation: Methodology for initiating new tracks; Recursive and batch algorithms; Sizing of gates for track initiation. M out of N processing. State Estimation & Filtering: Basic filtering theory. Least-squares filter and Kalman filter. Adaptive filtering and multiple model methods. Use of suboptimal filters such as table look-up and constant gain. Correlation & Association: Correlation tests and gates; Association algorithms; Probabilistic data association and multiple hypothesis algorithms. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 39
  • 40. Rockets & Missiles - Fundamentals March 4-6, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary This 3-day course provides an overview of rockets and missiles for government and industry officials, even those with limited technical experience in rockets and missiles. It provides a practical knowledge in rocket and missile issues and technologies. The seminar provides a foundation for understanding the issues that must be decided in the use, regulation and development of rocket systems of the future. You will learn a wide spectrum of problems, solutions and choices in the technology of rockets and missile used for both military and civil purposes. The seminar is taught to the point-of-view of a decision maker needing the technical knowledge to make better informed choices in the multi-discipline world of rockets and missiles. You will learn what you need to know about how rockets and missiles work, why they are build the way they are, what they are used for and how they differ from use to use; how rockets and missiles differ when used as weapons, as launch vehicles, and in spacecraft or satellites. The objective is to give the decision maker all the tools needed to understand the available choices, and to manage or work with other technical experts of different specialized disciplines. Attendees will receive a 210-page text book written by Mr. Keith, covering all the course material in detail, and a complete set of printed class notes used during the class. Instructor Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle System Engineer, specializing in integration of launch vehicle technology, design, modeling and business strategies. He is currently an independent consultant, writer and teacher of rocket system technology. He is experienced in launch vehicle operations, design, testing, business analysis, risk reduction, modeling, safety and reliability. Mr. Keith’s experience extends to both reusable and expendable launch vehicles, as well as to solid, liquid and hybrid rocket systems. Mr. Keith has designed complete rocket engines, rocket vehicles, small propulsion systems, and composite propellant tank systems, especially designed for low cost. Mr. Keith has worked the Space Launch Initiative and the Liquid Fly-Back Booster programs for Boeing, originated the Scorpius Program for Microcosm, worked on the Brilliant Eyes and the Advanced Solid Rocket Motor Programs for Rockwell and worked on the Aerojet Launch Detection Satellite program. He also has 13-years of government experience including five years working launch operations at Vandenberg AFB. Mr. Keith has written 22 technical papers and two textbooks on various aspects of space transportation over the last two decades. What You Will Learn • Fundamentals of rocket and missile systems, functions and disciplines. • The full spectrum of rocket systems, uses and technologies. • Differences in technology between foreign and domestic rocket systems. • Fundamentals and uses of solid, liquid and hybrid rocket systems. • Differences between systems built as weapons and those built for commerce. Who Should Attend • Aerospace Industry Managers. • Government Regulators, Administrators and sponsors of rocket or missile projects. • Engineers of all disciplines supporting rocket and missile projects. • Contractors or investors involved in missile development. 40 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. Fundamentals of Rockets and Missiles: The historic and practical uses of rocket systems. 2. Classifications of Rockets and Missiles: The classifications and terminology of all types of rocket and missile systems are defined. 3. Rocket Propulsion made Simple: The chemistry and physics defining how all rockets and rocket nozzles operate to achieve thrust is explained. Rocket performance modeling and efficiencies are introduced. 4. Rocket Flight Environments: The flight environments of rockets, acceleration, propellant consumption, heating, shock, vibration, ascent profile and plume phenomenology are explored. 5. Aerodynamics and Winds: The effect of winds, atmospheric density, pressure and rocket velocity on lift, drag, and dynamic pressure is explained. Rocket shape, stability and venting requirements are discussed. 6. Performance Analysis and Staging: The use of low and high fidelity performance modeling, including performance loss factors, are defined. Staging theory, performance and practices for multi-stage rockets are explained. 7. Mass Properties and Propellant Selection: No aspect is more important, or more often mismanaged, that optimum propellant selection. The relative importance of specific impulse, bulk density, bulk temperature, storability, ignition properties, stability, toxicity, operability, compatibility with materials, ullege requirements, and special mixtures are defined. Monopropellant and cold gas propellants are introduced. 8. Introduction to Solid Rocket Motors: The historical and technological aspects of Solid Rocket Motors is explored to understand the applications, advantages, disadvantages and tradeoffs over other forms of rockets. Solid rocket materials, propellants, thrust-profiles, construction, cost advantages and special applications are explained. 9. Fundamentals of Hybrid Rockets: The operation, safety, technology and Problems associated with hybrid rockets is discussed. 10. Liquid Rocket Engines: Issues of pressure and pump-fed liquid rocket engines are explained, including injectors, cooling, chamber construction, pump cycles, ignition and thrust vector control. 11. Introducing the Liquid Rocket Stage: The elements of liquid rocket stages are introduced, including propellant tank systems, pressurization, cryogenics, and other structures. 12. Thrust Vector Control (TVC): TVC hardware and alternatives are explained. 13. Basic Rocket Avionics: Flight electronics elements of Guidance, Navigation, Control, Communications, Telemetry, Range Safety and Payloads are defined. 14. Modern Expendable Launch Vehicles: The essence of good launch vehicle design is explored and defined, with examples of the American Delta-II and Russian strategy as an alternative. 15. Rockets in Spacecraft Propulsion: The differences in systems found on spacecraft, operating in microgravity, are examined. 16. Launch Sites and Operations: Understanding of the role and purpose of launch sites, and the choices available for a launch operations infrastructure. 17. Useful Orbits & Trajectories Made Simple: A simplified presentation of orbital mechanics, appropriate for the understanding of the role of rocket propulsion in orbital trajectories and maneuvers, is provided to the student. 18. Safety of Rocket Systems: The hazards and mitigations of inherently hazardous rocket operations are examined. 19. Reliability of Rocket Systems: Reliability issues for rocket systems, with strategies to improve reliability are explored and explained. 20. Reusable Launch Vehicle Theory: The student is provided with an appreciation of why Reusable Launch Vehicles have failed economically. 21. Rocket Cost Principals and Cases: The student is introduced to cost estimation methods and cost model systems as a science. An understanding of why costs are so high is provided, with alternative strategies from the Soyuz Case to illustrate alternatives to cost reduction. 22. Chemical Rocket Propulsion Alternatives: Alternatives to chemical rockets like jets, nuclear or thermal engines, cannons, tethers and laser weapons. 23. Proliferation of Missile Technology: International Trafficking in Arms issues. 24. The Future of Rockets and Missiles: A final open discussion regarding the direction of rocket technology, science, usage and regulations of rockets. missiles is conducted to close out the class. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 41. Rocket Propulsion 101 Rocket Fundamentals & Up-to-Date Information Course Outline March 25-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course is based on the popular text Rocket Propulsion Elements by Sutton and Biblarz. The course provides practical knowledge in rocket propulsion engineering and design technology issues. It is designed for those needing a more complete understanding of the complex issues. The objective is to give the engineer or manager the tools needed to understand the available choices in rocket propulsion and/or to manage technical experts with greater in-depth knowledge of rocket systems. Attendees will receive a copy of the book Rocket Propulsion Elements, a disk with practical rocket equations in Excel, and a set of printed notes covering advanced additional material. Instructor Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle System Engineer, specializing in integration of launch vehicle technology, design, modeling and business strategies. He is an independent consultant, writer and teacher of rocket system technology, experienced in launch vehicle operations, design, testing, business analysis, risk reduction, modeling, safety and reliability. Mr. Keith’s experience includes reusable & expendable launch vehicles as well as solid & liquid rocket systems. Who Should Attend • Engineers of all disciplines supporting rocket design projects. • Aerospace Industry Managers. • Government Regulators, Administrators and sponsors of rocket or missile projects. • Contractors or investors involved in rocket propulsion development projects. 1. Classification of Rocket Propulsion. Introduction to the types and classification of rocket propulsion, including chemical, solid, liquid, hybrid, electric, nuclear and solarthermal systems. 2. Fundaments and Definitions. Introduction to mass ratios, momentum thrust, pressure balances in rocket engines, specific impulse, energy efficiencies and performance values. 3. Nozzle Theory. Understanding the acceleration of gasses in a nozzle to exchange chemical thermal energy into kinetic energy, pressure and momentum thrust, thermodynamic relationships, area ratios, and the ratio of specific heats. Issues of subsonic, sonic and supersonic nozzles. Equations for coefficient of thrust, and the effects of under and over expanded nozzles. Examination of cone&bell nozzles, and evaluation of nozzle losses. 4. Performance. Evaluation of performance of rocket stages & vehicles. Introduction to coefficient of drag, aerodynamic losses, steering losses and gravity losses. Examination of spaceflight and orbital velocity, elliptical orbits, transfer orbits, staging theory. Discussion of launch vehicles and flight stability. 5. Propellant Performance and Density Implications. Introduction to thermal chemical analysis, exhaust species shift with mixture ratio, and the concepts of frozen and shifting equilibrium. The effects of propellant density on mass properties & performance of rocket systems for advanced design decisions. 6. Liquid Rocket Engines. Liquid rocket engine fundamentals, introduction to practical propellants, propellant feed systems, gas pressure feed systems, propellant tanks, turbo-pump feed systems, flow and pressure balance, RCS and OMS, valves, pipe lines, and engine supporting structure. 7. Liquid Propellants. A survey of the spectrum of practical liquid and gaseous rocket propellants is conducted, including properties, performance, advantages and disadvantages. 8. Thrust Chambers. The examination of injectors, combustion chamber and nozzle and other major engine elements is conducted in-depth. The issues of heat transfer, cooling, film cooling, ablative cooling and radiation cooling are explored. Ignition and engine start problems and solutions are examined. 9. Combustion. Examination of combustion zones, combustion instability and control of instabilities in the design and analysis of rocket engines. 10. Turbopumps. Close examination of the issues of turbo-pumps, the gas generation, turbines, and pumps. Parameters and properties of a good turbo-pump design. 11. Solid Rocket Motors. Introduction to propellant grain design, alternative motor configurations and burning rate issues. Burning rates, and the effects of hot or cold motors. Propellant grain configuration with regressive, neutral and progressive burn motors. Issues of motor case, nozzle, and thrust termination design. Solid propellant formulations, binders, fuels and oxidizers. 12. Hybrid Rockets. Applications and propellants used in hybrid rocket systems. The advantages and disadvantages of hybrid rocket motors. Hybrid rocket grain configurations / combustion instability. 13. Thrust Vector Control. Thrust Vector Control mechanisms and strategies. Issues of hydraulic actuation, gimbals and steering mechanisms. Solid rocket motor flexbearings. Liquid and gas injection thrust vector control. The use of vanes and rings for steering.. 14. Rocket System Design. Integration of rocket system design and selection processes with the lessons of rocket propulsion. How to design rocket systems. 15. Applications and Conclusions. Now that you have an education in rocket propulsion, what else is needed to design rocket systems? A discussion regarding the future of rocket engine and system design. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 41
  • 42. Software Defined Radio Engineering Comprehensive Study of State of the Art Techniques REVISE D! January 21-23, 2014 Course Outline Columbia, Maryland 1. SDR Introduction. SDR definitions, motivation, history and evolution. SDR cost vs. benefits and other tradeoffs. SDR impact on various communication system components. April 22-24, 2014 Cleveland, Ohio $1790 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary This 3-day course is designed for digital signal processing engineers, RF system engineers, and managers who wish to enhance their understanding of this rapidly emerging technology. On day one we present an extensive overview of SDR definitions, applications, development tools and example products. On day two we cover basic digital radio concepts, with emphasis on SDR applications. On day three we tackle a complete SDR design, from antenna to decoded bits. Throughout the course, mostly intuitive explanations take the place of detailed mathematical developments. The emphasis is on practical “take-away” high level knowledge. Most topics include carefully described design examples, alternative approaches, performance analysis, and references to published research results. Extensive guidance is provided to help you get started on practical design and simulation efforts.. An extensive bibliography is included. Instructors Dr. John M Reyland has 20 years of experience in digital communications design for both commercial and military applications. Dr. Reyland holds the degree of Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Iowa. He has presented numerous seminars on digital communications in both academic and industrial settings. What You Will Learn • New digital communications requirements that drive the SDR approach. • SDR standardization attempts, both military and civilian. • SDR complexity vs. granularity tradeoffs. • Current digital radio hardware limitations on SDR. • Many aspects of physical layer digital communications design and how they relate to SDR. • The latest software development tools for SDR. • Practical DSP design techniques for SDR transceivers. • Possible SDR future directions. From this course you will understand the SDR approach to digital radio design and become familiar with current standards and trends. You will gain extensive insight into the differences between traditional digital radio design and the SDR approach. You will be able to evaluate design approaches for SDR suitability and lead SDR discussions with colleagues. 42 – Vol. 116 2. Software Communications Architecture (SCA). Motivation, operational overview and details. Hardware abstraction concepts used in SCA. SCA structural components such as domain manager, core framework, application factory, etc. An example is presented of how SCA is used to configure a simple radio system. 3. GNU Radio. SDR application of this block diagram oriented develop environment. An example is presented of how GNU Radio is useful for SDR. 4. SDR Examples. SDR application to government radio systems, amateur radio, personal communications systems, etc. 5. Digital Modulation. Linear and non-linear multilevel modulations. Analysis of advanced techniques such as OFDM and its application to LTE, DSL and 802.11a. System design implications of bandwidth and power efficiency, peak to average power, error vector magnitude, error probability, etc. 6. RF Channels. Doppler, thermal noise, interference, slow and fast fading, time and frequency dispersion, RF spectrum usage, bandwidth measurement and link budget examples. Multiple input, multiple output (MIMO) channels. 7. Receiver Channel Equalization. Inter-symbol interference, group delay, linear and nonlinear equalization, time and frequency domain equalizers, Viterbi equalizers. 8. Multiple Access Techniques. Frequency, time and code division techniques. Carrier sensing, wireless sensor networks, throughput calculations. 9. Source and Channel Coding. Shannon’s theorem, sampling, entropy, data compression, voice coding, block and convolution coding, turbo coding. 10. Receiver Analog Signal Processing. RF conversion structures for SDR, frequency planning, automatic gain control, high speed analog to digital conversion techniques and bandpass sampling. An example is presented of an SDR radio front end that supports rapid reconfiguration for multiple signal formats. 11. Receiver Digital Signal Processing. Quadrature downconversion, processing gain, packet synchronization, Doppler estimation, automatic gain control, carrier and symbol estimation and tracking, coherent vs. noncoherent demodulation. An example is presented of SDR digital control over an FPGA implementation. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 43. Solid Rocket Motor Design and Applications For onsite presentations, course can be tailored to specific SrM applications and technologies. Summary This three-day course provides an overall look - with increasing levels of details-at solid rocket motors (SRMs) including a general understanding of solid propellant motor and component technologies, design drivers; motor internal ballistic parameters and combustion phenomena; sensitivity of system performance requirements on SRM design, reliability, and cost; insight into the physical limitations; comparisons to liquid and hybrid propulsion systems; a detailed review of component design and analysis; critical manufacturing process parameters; transportation and handling, and integration of motors into launch vehicles and missiles. General approaches used in the development of new motors. Also discussed is the importance of employing formal systems engineering practices, for the definition of requirements, design and cost trade studies, development of technologies and associated analyses and codes used to balance customer and manufacturer requirements, All types of SRMs are included, with emphasis on current motos for commercial and DoD/NASA launch vehicles such as LM Athena series, OSC GMD, Pegasus and Taurus series, MDA SM-3 series,strap-on motors for the Delta series, Titan V, and Ares / Constellation vehicle. The use of surplus military motors (Minuteman, Peacekeeper, etc.) for target and sensor development and university research is discussed. The course also introduces nano technologies (nano carbon fiber) and their potential use for NASA’s deep space missions. Instructor Richard Lee Lee has more than 45 years in the space and missile industry. He was a Senior Program Mgr. at Thiokol, instrumental in the development of the Castor 120 SRM. His experience includes managing the development and qualification of DoD SRM subsystems and components for the Small ICBM, Peacekeeper and other R&D programs. Mr. Lee has extensive experience in SRM performance and interface requirements at all levels in the space and missile industry. He has been very active in coordinating functional and physical interfaces with the commercial spaceports in Florida, California, and Alaska. He has participated in developing safety criteria with academia, private industry and government agencies (USAF SMC, 45th Space Wing and Research Laboratory; FAA/AST; NASA Headquarters and NASA centers; and the Army Space and Strategic Defense Command. He has also consulted with launch vehicle contractors in the design, material selection, and testing of SRM propellants and components. Mr. Lee has a MS in Engineering Administration and a BS in EE from the University of Utah. What You Will Learn • Solid rocket motor principles and key requirements. • Motor design drivers and sensitivity on the design, reliability, and cost. • Detailed propellant and component design features and characteristics. • Propellant and component manufacturing processes. • SRM/Vehicle interfaces, transportation, and handling considerations. • Development approach for qualifying new SRMs. April 15-17, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Introduction to Solid Rocket Motors (SRMs). SRM terminology and nomenclature, survey of types and applications of SRMs, and SRM component description and characteristics. 2. SRM Design and Applications. Fundamental principles of SRMs, key performance and configuration parameters such as total impulse, specific impulse, thrust vs. motor operating time, size constraints; basic performance equations, internal ballistic principles, preliminary approach for designing SRMs; propellant combustion characteristics (instability, burning rate), limitations of SRMs based on the laws of physics, and comparison of solid to liquid propellant and hybrid rocket motors. 3. Definition of SRM Requirements. Impact of customer/system imposed requirements on design, reliability, and cost; SRM manufacturer imposed requirements and constraints based on computer optimization codes and general engineering practices and management philosophy. 4. SRM Design Drivers and Technology Trade-Offs. Identification and sensitivity of design requirements that affect motor design, reliability, and cost. Understanding of , interrelationship of performance parameters, component design trades versus cost and maturity of technology; exchange ratios and Rules of Thumb used in back-of-the envelope preliminary design evaluations. 5. Key SRM Component Design Characteristics and Materials. Detailed description and comparison of performance parameters and properties of solid propellants including composite (i.e., HTPB, PBAN, and CTPB), nitroplasticized composites, and double based or cross-linked propellants and why they are used for different motor and/or vehicle objectives and applications; motor cases, nozzles, thrust vector control & actuation systems; motor igniters, and other initiation and flight termination electrical and ordnance systems.. 6. SRM Manufacturing/Processing Parameters. Description of critical manufacturing operations for propellant mixing, propellant loading into the SRM, propellant inspection and acceptance testing, and propellant facilities and tooling, and SRM components fabrication. 7. SRM Transportation and Handling Considerations. General understanding of requirements and solutions for transporting, handling, and processing different motor sizes and DOT propellant explosive classifications and licensing and regulations. 8. Launch Vehicle Interfaces, Processing and Integration. Key mechanical, functional, and electrical interfaces between the SRM and launch vehicle and launch facility. Comparison of interfaces for both strap-on and straight stack applications. 9. SRM Development Requirements and Processes. Approaches and timelines for developing new SRMs. Description of a demonstration and qualification program for both commercial and government programs. Impact of decisions regarding design philosophy (state-of-the-art versus advanced technology) and design safety factors. Motor sizing methodology and studies (using computer aided design models). Customer oversight and quality program. Motor cost reduction approaches through design, manufacturing, and acceptance. Castor 120 motor development example. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 43
  • 44. Synthetic Aperture Radar Fundamentals Advanced February 10-11, 2014 February 12-13, 2014 May 5-6, 2014 May 7-8, 2014 Chantilly, Virginia Chantilly, Virginia Denver, Colorado $1140 • • • • • Denver, Colorado $1140 (8:30am - 4:00pm) What You Will Learn Basic radar concepts and principles. SAR imaging and approaches to SAR processing. Basic SAR system engineering and design tradeoffs. Survey of existing SAR systems. Coherent and Non-Coherent SAR Exploitation including basic interferometry, • • • • • (8:30am - 4:00pm) What You Will Learn SAR system design and performance estimation. Interactive SAR design session illustrating design tradeoffs. SAR Polarimetry. Advanced SAR Interferometry including PS InSAR. Survey of future applications and system. Instructor Mr. Richard Carande is the President, CEO and co-founder of a consulting firm located in Boulder Colorado that specializes in SAR and SAR exploitation technologies. Prevously, Mr. Carande was the Vice President and Director of Advanced Radar Technologies at Vexcel Corporation. From 1986 to 1995 Mr. Carande was a group leader for a SAR processor development group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Pasadena California). There he was involved in developing an operational SAR processor for the JPL/NASA’s three-frequency, fully polarimetric AIRSAR system. Mr. Carande also worked as a System Engineer for the Alaska SAR Processor while at JPL, and performed research in the area of SAR Along-Track Interferometry. Before starting at JPL, Mr. Carande was employed by a technology company in California where he developed optical and digital SAR processors for internal research applications. Mr. Carande has a BS & MS in Physics from Case Western Reserve University. Course Outline Course Outline 1. Fundamentals of Radar. This portion of the course will provide a background in radar fundamentals that are necessary for the understanding and appreciation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and products derived from it. We will first review the history of radar technology and applications, and introduce some fundamental elements common to all radar systems. The student will learn how basic ranging radar systems operate, why a chirp pulse is commonly used, the Radar Range Equation and radar backscattering. We will also discuss common (and uncommon) radar frequencies (wavelengths) and their unique characteristics, and why one frequency might be preferred over another. A high-level description of radar polarization will also be presented. 2. SAR Imaging. An overview of how SAR systems operate will be introduced. We will discuss airborne systems and spaceborne systems and describe unique considerations for each. Stripmap, spotlight and scanSAR operating modes will be presented. The advantages of each mode will be described. A description of SAR image characteristics including fore-shortening, layover and shadow will be shown. Range and azimuth ambiguities will be presented and techniques for mitigating them explained. Noise sources will be presented. Equations that control system performance will be presented including resolution, ambiguity levels, and sensitivity. Approaches to SAR image formation will be described including optical image formation and digital image formation. Algorithms such as polar formatting, seismic migration, range-Doppler and time-domain algorithms will be discussed. 3. Existing and future SAR systems. We will describe the suite of SAR systems currently operating. These will include all of the commercial spaceborne SAR systems as well as common airborne systems. Key features and advantages of each system will be described. A description of upcoming SAR missions will be provided. 4. SAR Image Exploitation. In this section of the class a number of SAR exploitation algorithms will be presented. The techniques described in this session rely on interpretation of detected images and are applied to both defense and scientific applications. A high-level description of polarimetric SAR will be presented and the unique capabilities it brings for new applications. (More polarimetry detail can be found in the ATI Advanced SAR course.) 5. Coherent SAR Exploitation. The coherent nature of SAR imagery will be described and several ways to exploit this unique characteristic will be presented. We will discuss the “importance of phase,” and show how this leads to incredible sensitivities. Coherent change detection will be described as well as basic interferometric applications for measuring elevation or centimeter-level ground motion. (More detail on interferometry can be found in the ATI Advanced SAR course.) 1. SAR Review. A brief review of SAR technology, capabilities and terminology will set the stage for this Advanced SAR Class. 2. SAR System Engineering and Performance Prediction. The factors that control the quality of SAR imagery produced from a given system will be developed and presented. This includes noiseequivalent sigma zero (sensitivity) calculations, trade-offs in terms of resolution verses coverage, and the impact of hardware selection including radar echo quantization (ADCs), antenna area and gain. Parameters that affect PRF selection will be described and a nomogrammatic approach for PRF selection will be presented. Specialized techniques to improve SAR performance will be described. 3. Design-A-SAR. Using an ideal implementation of the radar equation, we will design a simplified SAR system and predict its performance. During this interactive session, the students will select radar “requirements” including radar frequency, coverage, resolution, data rate, sensitivity, aperture size and power; and the system performance will be determined. This interactive presentation of design trade-offs will clearly illustrate the challenges involved in building a realistic SAR system. 4. SAR Polarimetry. We will first review polarimetric SAR principles and described single-pol, dual-pol and quad-pol SAR systems and how they operate. Hybrid and compact polarimetry will also be described. Polarization basis will be presented and we will discuss why one basis may be more useful than another for a particular application. Examples of using polarimetric data for performing SAR image segmentation and classification will be presented including decomposition approaches such as Cloud, Freeman-Durden and Yamaguchi. Polarimetric Change detection will be introduced. 5. Advance SAR Interferometry. Techniques that exploit mutually coherent acquisitions of SAR data will be presented. We will first review two-pass interferometric SAR for elevation mapping and land movement measurements. This will be expanded to using multiple observations for obtaining time series results. Model-based methods that exploit redundant information for extracting unknown tropospheric phase errors and other unknown noise sources will be presented (e.g. Permanent Scatterer Interferometry). Examples of these data products will be provided, and a description of new exploitation products that can be derived will be presented. 6. Future and potential applications and systems. A survey of current work going on in the SAR community will be presented, and indications as to where this may lead in the future. This will include an overview of recent breakthroughs in system design and operations, image/signal processing, processing hardware, exploitation, data collection and fusion. 44 – Vol. 116 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 45. Tactical Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) System Engineering Overview of leading-edge, ISR system-of-systems Summary This three-day course addresses System Engineering aspects associated with Intelligence, Surveillance & Reconnaissance (ISR) programs and. Application to security, target acquisition and tracking, terminal guidance for weapon systems, and seamless integration of distributed sensor heterogeneous systems with intuitive situational display is provided. The course is designed for the lead engineers; systems engineers, researchers, program managers, and government directors who desire a framework to solve the competing objectives relating to ISR & security missions relating to regional force protection, asset monitoring, and/or targeting. The course presents an overview of tactical scale ISR systems (and missions), requirements definition and tracking, and provides technical descriptions relating to underlying sensor technologies, ISR platform integration (e.g., UAVbased sensor systems), and measures of system performance with emphasis on system integration & test issues. Examples are given throughout the conduct of the course to allow for knowledgeable assessment of sensor systems, ISR platform integration, data exfiltration and network connectivity, along with discussion of the emerging integration of sensors with situational analyses (including sensor web enablement), application of open geospatial standards (OGC), and attendant enabling capabilities (consideration of sensor modalities, adaptive processing of data, and system “impact” considerations). Strategic and classified ISR aspects are not presented within this unclassified course. What You Will Learn • How to analyze and implement ISR & security concerns and requirements with a comprehensive, state-of-theart ISR system response. • Understanding limitations and major issues associated with ISR systems. • ISR & security requirement development and tracking pertaining to tactical ISR systems, how to audit top-level requirements to system element implementations. • Sensor technologies and evaluation techniques for sensor modalities including: imagers (EO/IR), radar, laser radar, and other sensor modalities associated with tactical ISR missions. • Data communications architecture and networks; how to manage the distributed ISR assets and exfiltrate the vital data and data. • ISR system design objectives and key performance parameters. • Situational analyses and associated common operating display approaches; how best to interact with human decision makers. • Integration of multi-modal data to form comprehensive situational awareness. • Emerging standards associated with sensor integration and harmonization afforded via sensor web enablement technology. • Examples of effective tactical ISR systems. • Tools to support evaluation of ISR components, systems, requirements verification (and validation), and effective deployment and maintenance. • Modeling & simulation approaches to ISR requirements definition and responsive ISR system design(s); how to evaluate aspects of an ISR system prior to deployment and even prior to element development – how to find the ISR “gaps”. March 18-20, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Instructor Timothy D. Cole is president of a consulting firm. Mr. Cole has developed sensor & data exfiltration solutions employing EO/IR sensors with augmentation using low-cost wireless sensor nets. He has worked several sensor system programs that addressed ISR including military-based cuing of sensors, intelligence gathering, first responders, and border protection. Mr. Cole holds multiple degrees in Electrical Engineering as well as in Technical Management. He has been awarded the NASA Achievement Award and was a Technical Fellow at Northrop Grumman. He has authored over 25 papers associated with ISR sensors, signal processing, and modeling. Course Outline 1. Overview of ISR Systems. including definitions, approaches, and review of existing unclassified systems. 2. Requirement Development, Tracking, and Responsive Design Implementation(s). 3. Real-time Data Processing Functionality. 4. Data Communication Systems for Tactical ISR. 5. ISR Functionality. Target acquisition and tracking, including ATR. Target classification. Targeting systems (e.g., laser-guided ordnance). 6. Tactical ISR Asset Platforms. Air-based (includes UAVs). Ground-based. Vehicle-based. 7. Sensor Technologies, Capabilities, Evaluation Criteria, and Modeling Approach. Electro-optical imagers (EO/IR). Radar (including ultrawideband, UWB). Laser radar. Biochemical sensing. Acoustic monitoring. Ad hoc wireless sensor nodes (WSN). Application of sensor modalities to ISR. Tagging, tracking & Locating targets of interest (TTL). Non-cooperative target identification (NCID). 8. Concurrent Operation and Cross-correlation of ISR Sensor Data Products to Form Comprehensive Evaluation of Current Status. 9. Test & Evaluation Approach. 10. Human Systems Integration and Human Factors Test & Evaluation. 11. Modeling & Simulation of ISR System Performance. 12. Service Oriented Architectures and IP Convergence. Sensor web enablement. Use of metadata. Sensor harmonization. Re-use and cooperative integration of ISR assets. 13. Situational Analysis and Display. Standardization. Heuristic manipulation of ISR system operation and dataflow/processing. 14. Case Studies: Tactical ISR System Implementation and Evaluation. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 45
  • 46. Unmanned Air Vehicle Design February 18-20, 2014 Hampton, Virginia April 22-24 2014 Dayton, Ohio $1845 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day short course covers the design of unmanned air vehicles. The course will cover the history and classes of UAVs, requirement definition, command and control concepts and UAV aircraft design. It provides first-hand understanding of the entire design and development process for unmanned vehicles from their involvement in the DARPA MAV development and as the lead for the Army’s Brigade Combat Team Modernization Class I, Increment Two vehicle. The instructor is currently working towards first flight and was a key contributor to requirements development, conceptual design, design optimization. UAV’s history will be covered and the lessons learned and the breadth of the design space. UAV’s are and will be key components of aviation. From the nano sized flapping vehicles to the extreme duration of high altitude surveillance vehicles. Each student will be provided a hard copy of the presentations and the text book, Fundamentals of Aircraft and Airship Design: Volume I -Aircraft Design, by Leland M. Nicolai. Instructor Mr. Paul Gelhausen is Founder, Managing Member and Chief Technical Officer of an aerospace company. He holds a B.S. and M.S. degrees in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Michigan and Stanford University, respectively. Mr. Gelhausen provides technical managerial leadership in design, simulation, and testing of advanced ducted fan vehicle configurations as well as providing technical and managerial leadership in the definition of future vehicle requirements to satisfy mission scenarios, functional decomposition, concept development and detailed systems and technology analysis. Prior to founding the company Mr. Gelhausen was a former NASA Langley Engineer where he led the configuration design, aerodynamic design and aerodynamic validation elements of the multi-center Mars Airplane Program including requirements generation, technical specifications,analysis planning, test planning and overall management. 46 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. Introduction. • Brief history of UAV’s "How did toys become useful?" • Classes of UAV’s • Fixed Wing • Rotary Wing / VTOL • Micro 2. UAV Requirements Definition. • Operational Concepts • Mission definition • Requirements Flow-down 3. Command and Control Concepts. • Ground based operation • Autonomous operation • Systems and subsystems definition • System Safety and Reliability Concerns 4. UAV Aircraft Design. • Configuration • Aerodynamics • Propulsion and propulsion system integration concepts • Structures • Performance • Flight Controls and Handling Qualities • Operational influences on control strategies • Vehicle analysis & how it affects control strategies • Make sure you have enough sensor bandwidth • Making sure you have enough control surfaces / power / bandwidth (choosing an actuator) • Gust rejection and trajectory performance driven by 5. Case study Examples. • Case study 1: Large turbine design • Case study 2: Small piston engine design • Cost Analysis • Development • Manufacturing • Operations • Disposal • Design Tools • Design Optimization What You Will Learn • UAV design is not a simple task that can be fully learned in a short time, however, the scope of the problem can be outlined. • The design process is similar to any aircraft design, but there are unique tasks involved in replacing the intelligence of the pilot. • The long history of UAV’s and the breadth of the design space will be covered. • Lessons learned from experience and by observation will be shared in the course. • We will cover the tools and techniques that are used to make design decisions and modifications. • Representative practical examples of UAV will be presented. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 47. Unmanned Aircraft System Fundamentals Design, Airspace Integration & Future Capabilities Summary This 3-day, classroom instructional program is designed to meet the needs of engineers, researchers and operators. The participants will gain a working knowledge of UAS system classification, payloads, sensors, communications and data links. You will learn the current regulation for small UAS operation The principles of UAS conceptual design and human factors design considerations are described. The requirements and airspace issues for integrating UAS into civilian National Airspace is covered in detail. The need to improve reliability using redundancy and fault tolerant control systems is discussed. Multiple roadmaps are used to illustrate future UAS mission s. Alternative propulsion systems with solar and fuel cell energy sources and multiple UAS swarming are presented as special topics. Each attendee will also receive a copy of Dr. LeMieux’s textbook Introduction to Unmanned Systems: Air, Ground, Sea & Space: Technologies & Commercial Applications (Vol. 1). Instructor Dr (Col Ret) Jerry LeMieux, President of Unmanned Vehicle University, has over 40 years and 10,000 hours of aviation experience. He has over 30 years of experience in operations, program management, systems engineering, R&D and test and evaluation for AEW, fighter and tactical data link acquisition programs. As the Network Centric Systems Wing Commander he led 1,300 personnel and managed 100 network and data link acquisition programs with a five year portfolio valued at more than $22 billion. In civilian life he consults for the US FAA, Air Force, Army, Navy, NASA and DARPA. He holds a PhD in electrical engineering and is a graduate of Air War College and Defense Acquisition University. He has over 20 years of academic experience at MIT, Boston University, University of Maryland, Daniel Webster College and Embry Riddle Aeronautical University. Dr LeMieux is a National expert on sense and avoid systems for UAVs and is working with FAA & RTCA to integrate UAS into National Airspace. • • • • • • • • • • • • • What You Will Learn Definitions, Concepts & General UAS Principles. Types, Classification and Civilian Roles. Characteristics of UAS Sensors. UAS Communications and Data Links. NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 4586. Alternatives to GPS and INS Navigation. Need for Regulation and Problems with Airspace Integration. Ground and Airborne Sense & Avoid Systems. Lost Link and ATC Communication/Management Procedures. Principles of UAS Design & Alternative Power. Improving Reliability with Fault Tolerant Control Systems. Principles of Autonomous Control & Alternative Navigation. Future Capabilities Including Space Transport, Hypersonic, UCAS, Pseudo-satellites and Swarming. February 25-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. UAS Basics. Definition, attributes, manned vs unmanned, design considerations, life cycle costs, architecture, components, air vehicle, payload, communications, data link, ground control station. 2. UAS Types & Civilian Roles. Categories/Classification, UK & International classifications, law enforcement, disaster relief, fire detection & assessment, customs & border patrol, nuclear inspection. 3. UAS Sensors & Characteristics: Sensor Acquisition, Electro Optical (EO), Infrared (IR), Multi Spectral Imaging (MSI), Hyper Spectral Imaging (HSI), Light Detection & Ranging (LIDAR), Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Atmospheric Weather Effects, Space Weather Effects. 4. Alternative Power: Solar and Fuel Cells: The Need for Alternative Propulsion for UAS, Alternative Power Trends & Forecast, Solar Cells & Solar Energy, Solar Aircraft Challenges, Solar Wing Design, Past Solar Designs, Energy Storage Methods & Density, Fuel Cell Basics & UAS Integration, Fuel Cells Used in Current Small UAS, Hybrid Power. 5. Communications & Data Links. Current State of Data Links, Future Data Link Needs, Line of Sight Fundamentals, Beyond Line of Sight Fundamentals, UAS Communications Failure, Link Enhancements, STANAG 4586, Multi UAS Control. 6. UAS Conceptual Design. UAS Design Process, Airframe Design Considerations, Launch & Recovery Methods, Propulsion, Control & Stability, Ground Control System, Support Equipment, Transportation. 7. Human Machine Interface. Human Factors Engineering Explained Human Machine Interface, Computer Trends, Voice Recognition & Control Haptic Feedback, Spatial Audio (3D Audio), AFRL MIIRO, Synthetic Vision Brain Computer Interface, CRM. 8. Sense and Avoid Systems. Sense and Avoid Function ,Needs for Sense and Avoid, TCAS, TCAS on UAS, ADS-B, Non Cooperative FOV & Detection Requirements, Optical Sensors, Acoustic & Microwave Sensors. 9. UAS Civil Airspace Issues. Current State, UAS Worldwide Demand, UAS Regulation & Airspace Problems, Existing Federal UAS Regulation Equivalent Level of Safety, Airspace Categories, AFRL/JPDO Workshop Results, Collision Avoidance & Sense and Avoid, Recommendations. 10. Civil Airspace Integration Efforts. Civil UAS News, FAA Civil UAS Roadmap, UAS Certificate of Authorization Process, UAPO Interim Operational Approval Guidance (8-01), 14 CFR 107 Rule, NASA UAS R&D Plan, NASA Study Results, RTCA SC 203, UAS R&D Plan, FAA Reauthorization Bill, Six Test Sites. 11. UAS Navigation. Satellite Navigation, Inertial Navigation, Sensor Fusion for Navigation, Image Navigation (Skysys), Locatta, Satellite/INS/Video, (NAVSYS), Image Aided INS (NAVSYS). 12. Autonomous Control. Vision, Definitions, Automatic Control, Automatic Air to Air Refueling, Autonomy, Advanced AI Applications, Intelligent Control Techniques. 13. UAS Swarming. History of Swarming, Swarming Battles, Modern Military Swarming, Swarming Characteristics, Swarming Concepts, Emergent Behavior, Swarming Algorithms, Swarm Communications. 14. Future Capabilities. Space UAS & Global Strike, Advanced Hypersonic Weapon, Submarine Launched UAS, UCAS, Pseudosatellites, Future Military Missions & Technologies. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 47
  • 48. Cyber Warfare – Global Trends February 11-13, 2014 Laurel, Maryland (8:30am - 4:00pm) Summary This three-day (four-day virtual) course is intended for operational leaders and programmatic staff involved in the planning, analysis, or testing of Cyber Warfare and Network-Centric systems. The course will provide perspective on emerging policy, doctrine, strategy, and operational constraints affecting the development of cyber warfare systems. This knowledge will greatly enhance participants' ability to develop operational systems and concepts that will produce integrated, controlled, and effective cyber effects at each warfare level. U.S. citizenship required for students registered in this course. Instructor Albert Kinney is a retired Naval Officer and holds a Masters Degree in electrical engineering. His professional experience includes more than 20 years of experience in research and operational cyberspace mission areas including the initial development and first operational employment of the Naval Cyber Attack Team. What You Will Learn • What are the relationships between cyber warfare, information assurance, information operations, and network-centric warfare? • How can a cyber warfare capability enable freedom of action in cyberspace? • What are legal constraints on cyber warfare? • How can cyber capabilities meet standards for weaponization? • How should cyber capabilities be integrated with military exercises? • How can military and civilian cyberspace organizations prepare and maintain their workforce to play effective roles in cyberspace? • What is the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI)? From this course you will obtain in-depth knowledge and awareness of the cyberspace domain, its functional characteristics, and its organizational inter-relationships enabling your organization to make meaningful contributions in the domain of cyber warfare through technical consultation, systems development, and operational test & evaluation 48 – Vol. 116 April 7-10, 2014 LIVE Instructor-led Virtual (Noon - 4:30pm Eastern Time) $1790 Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Global Internet Governance. 2. A Cyber Power Framework. 3. Global Supply Chain & Outsourcing Issues. 4. Critical Infrastructure Issues. 5. U.S. Cyberspace Doctrine and Strategy. 6. Cyberspace as a Warfare Domain. 7. Netcentricity. 8. U.S. Organizational Constructs in Cyber Warfare. 9. Legal Considerations for Cyber Warfare. 10. Operational Theory of Cyber Warfare. 11. Operational and Tactical Maneuver in Cyberspace - Stack Positioning. 12. Capability Development & Weaponization. 13. Cyber Warfare Training and Exercise Requirements. 14. Command & Control for Cyber Warfare. 15. Cyber War Case Study . 16. Human Capital in Cybersecurity. 17. Survey of International Cyber Warfare Doctrine & Capabilities. 18. Large-Scale Cybersecurity Mechanisms. 19. Social Considerations in Cybersecurity – Culture & the Human Interface. 20. Cybersecurity, Civil Liberties, & Freedom Around the World . 21. Non-State Actor Trends - Cyber Crime, Cyber Terrorism, Hactivism. 22. Homeland Security Case Study / Industrial Espionage Case Study. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 49. Digital Video Systems, Broadcast and Operations March 17-20, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1940 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This four-day course is designed to make the student aware of digital video systems in use today and planned for the near future, including how they are used, transmitted, and received. From this course you will obtain the ability to understand the various evolving digital video standards and equipment, their use in current broadcast systems, and the concerns/issues that accompany these advancements. Instructor Sidney Skjei is president of Skjei Telecom, Inc., an engineering and broadcasting consulting firm. He has supported digital video systems planning, development and implementation for a large number of commercial organizations, including PBS, CBS, Boeing, and XM Satellite Radio. He also works for smaller television stations and broadcast organizations. He is frequently asked to testify as an Expert Witness in digital video system. Mr. Skjei holds an MSEE from the Naval Postgraduate School and is a licensed Professional Engineer in Virginia. What You Will Learn • How compressed digital video systems work and how to use them effectively. • Where all the compressed digital video systems fit together in history, application and implementation. • Where encryption and conditional access fit in and what systems are available today. • How do tape-based broadcast facilities differ from server-based facilities? • What services are evolving to complement digital video? • What do you need to know to upgrade / purchase a digital video system? • What are the various options for transmitting and distributing digital video? Course Outline 1. Technical Background. Types of video. Advantages and disadvantages. Digitizing video. Digital compression techniques. 2. Proprietary Digital Video Systems. Digicipher. DirecTV. Other systems. 3. Videoconferencing Systems Overview. 4. MPEG1 Digital Video. Why it was developed. Technical description. Operation and Transmission. 5. MPEG2 Digital Video. Why it was developed. Technical description. Operation and Transmission. 4:2:0 vs 4:2:2 profile. MPEG profiles and levels. 6. DVB Enhancements to MPEG2. What DVB does and why it does it. DVB standards review. What DVB-S2 will accomplish and how. 7. DTV (or ATSC) use of MPEG2. How DTV uses MPEG2. DTV overview. 8. MPEG4 Advanced Simple Profile. Why it was developed. Technical description. Operation and Transmission. 9. New Compression Systems. MPEG-4-10 or H.26L. Windows Media 9. How is different. How improved. Transcoding from MPEG 2 to MPEG 4. JPEG 2000. 10. Systems in use today: DBS systems (e.g. DirecTV, Echostar) and DARS systems (XM Radio, Sirius). 11. Encryption and Conditional Access Systems. Types of conditional access / encryption systems. Relationship to subscriber management systems. Key distribution methods. Smart cards. 12. Digital Video Transmission. Over fiber optic cables or microwaves. Over the Internet – IP video. Over satellites. Private networks vs. public. 13. Delivery to the Home. Comparing and contrasting terrestrial broadcasting, satellite (DBS), cable and others. 14. Production - Pre to Post. Production formats. Digital editing. Graphics.Computer Animations. Character generation. Virtual sets, ads and actors. Video transitions and effects. 15. Origination Facilities. Playback control and automation. Switching and routing and redundancy. System-wide timing and synchronization. Trafficking ads and interstitials. Monitoring and control. 16. Storage Systems. Servers vs. physical media. Caching vs. archival. Central vs. distributed storage. 17. Digital Manipulation. Digital Insertion. Bit Stream Splicing. Statistical Multiplexing. 18. Asset Management. What is metadata. Digital rights management. EPGs. 19. Digital Copying. What the technology allows. What the law allows. 20. Video Associated Systems. Audio systems and methods. Data encapsulation systems and methods. Dolby digital audio systems handling in the broadcast center. 21. Operational Considerations. Selecting the right systems. Encoders. Receivers / decoders. Selecting the right encoding rate. Source video processing. System compatibility issues. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 49
  • 50. Design for Electromagnetic Compatibility / Signal Integrity NEW! Optional 3rd Day:  EMI Troubleshooting Workshop February 11-12, 2014 San Diego, California Optional Day 3: February 13, 2014 Summary Design for EMC/SI (Electromagnetic Compatibility & Signal Integrity) addresses the control of EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) at the box level through proven design techniques. This two-day course provides a comprehensive treatment of EMC/SI "inside the box." This includes digital and analog circuits, printed circuit board design, power electronics, I/O treatments, mechanical shielding, and more. Please note - this class does NOT address "outside the box" issues such as cable design, power wiring, and other systems level concerns. Each student will receive a copy of the EDN Magazine Designer's Guide to EMC by Daryl Gerke and William Kimmel, along with a complete set of lecture notes. NEW! An optional 3rd day with an EMI Troubleshooting Workshop can be added for EMI Troubleshooting Guidelines. Eight case studies are covered. Instructors William (Bill) Kimmel, PE, has worked in the electronics field for over 45 years. He received his BSEE with distinction from the University of Minnesota. His experience includes design and systems engineering with industry leaders like Control Data and Sperry Defense Systems. Since, 1987, he has been involved exclusively with EMI/EMC as a founding partner of Kimmel Gerke Associates, Ltd. Bill has qualified numerous systems to industrial, commercial, military, medical, vehicular, and related EMI/EMC requirements. Daryl Gerke, PE, has worked in the electronics field for over 40 years. He received his BSEE from the University of Nebraska. His experience ranges includes design and systems engineering with industry leaders like Collins Radio, Sperry Defense Systems, Tektronix, and Intel. Since 1987, he has been involved exclusively with EMI/EMC as a founding partner of Kimmel Gerke Associates, Ltd. Daryl has qualified numerous systems to industrial, commercial, military, medical, vehicular, and related EMI/EMC requirements. Who Should Attend This seminar is directed at personnel who are wrestling with interference/noise problems in electronic systems at the design level. The following could benefit from this class: • Electronics design engineers and technicians. • Printed circuit board designers. • EMC test engineers and technicians. • NO prior EMC experience is necessary or assumed. 50 – Vol. 116 February 18-19, 2014 Orlando, Florida Optional Day 3: February 20, 2014 $995 for 2-day • $1395 for 3-day (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Introduction. • Interference Sources, Paths and Receptors • Key EMI Design Threats • EMI Regulations and Their Impact on Design Physics of EMI • Frequency, Time and Dimensions • Transmisison Lines and "Hidden" Antennas 2. Physics of EMI. • Frequency, Time, and Dimensions • Transmission Lines and “Hidden” Antennas 3. EMI in Components. • Looking for the "Hidden Schematic" • Passive Components and Their Limitations • Simple EMI Filters and How to Design them • EMI Effects in Analog and Digital Circuits 4. Printed Circuit Boards. • Signal Integrity and EMI • Common Mode Emissions Problems • Dealing with Clocks and Resets • Power Decoupling • Isolated and Split Planes • I/O Treatments 5. Power Supplies. • Common Noise Sources • Parasitic Coupling Mechanisms • Filters and Transient Protection 6. Grounding & Interconnect. • Function of a Ground • Single Point, Multi-Point and Hybrid Grounds • Analog vs Digital Grounds • Circuit Board Grounding • Internal Cables and Connectors • I/O Treatments 7. Shielding. • Picking the Right Materials • Enclosure Design Techniques • Shielded Connectors and Cables • ESD Entry Points 8. Design Checklists & Resources. 9. EMI Troubleshooting Guidelines (OPTIONAL DAY 3). • Eight case studies workshop What You Will Learn • How to identify, prevent, and fix over 30 common EMI/EMC problems in at the box/design level. • Simple models and "rules of thumb" and to help you arrive at quick design decisions (NO heavy math). • Design impact of various EMC specifications. • Practical tools, tips, and techniques. • Good EMI/EMC design practices. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 51. EMI / EMC in Military Systems Includes Mil Std-461/464 & Troubleshooting Addendums May 20-22, 2014 Northern, Virginia $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary Systems EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) involves the control of EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) at the systems, facility, and platform levels (e.g. outside the box.) This three-day course provides a comprehensive treatment of EMI/EMC problems in military systems. These include both the box level requirements of MIL-STD-461 and the systems level requirements of MIL-STD-464. The emphasis is on prevention through good EMI/EMC design techniques - grounding, shielding, cable management, and power interface design. Troubleshooting techniques are also addressed in an addendum. Please note - this class does NOT address circuit boards issues. Each student will receive a copy of the EDN Magazine Designer's Guide to EMC by Daryl Gerke and William Kimmel, along with a complete set of lecture notes. Instructors William (Bill) Kimmel, PE, has worked in the electronics field for over 45 years. He received his BSEE with distinction from the University of Minnesota. His experience includes design and systems engineering with industry leaders like Control Data and Sperry Defense Systems. Since, 1987, he has been involved exclusively with EMI/EMC as a founding partner of Kimmel Gerke Associates, Ltd. Bill has qualified numerous systems to industrial, commercial, military, medical, vehicular, and related EMI/EMC requirements. Daryl Gerke, PE, has worked in the electronics field for over 40 years. He received his BSEE from the University of Nebraska. His experience ranges includes design and systems engineering with industry leaders like Collins Radio, Sperry Defense Systems, Tektronix, and Intel. Since 1987, he has been involved exclusively with EMI/EMC as a founding partner of Kimmel Gerke Associates, Ltd. Daryl has qualified numerous systems to industrial, commercial, military, medical, vehicular, and related EMI/EMC requirements. Course Outline 1. Introduction. Interference sources, paths, and receptors. Identifying key EMI threats - power disturbances, radio frequency interference, electrostatic discharge, selfcompatibility. Key EMI concepts - Frequency and impedance, Frequency and time, Frequency and dimensions. Unintentional antennas related to dimensions. 2. Grounding - A Safety Interface. Grounds defined. Ground loops and single point grounds. Multipoint grounds and hybrid grounds. Ground bond corrosion. Lightning induced ground bounce. Ground currents through chassis. Unsafe grounding practice. 3. Power - An Energy Interface. Types of power disturbances. Common impedance coupling in shared ground and voltage supply. Transient protection. EMI power line filters. Isolation transformers. Regulators and UPS. Power harmonics and magnetic fields. 4. Cables and Connectors - A Signal Interface. Cable coupling paths. Cable shield grounding and termination. Cable shield materials. Cable and connector ferrites. Cable crosstalk. Classify cables and connectors. 5. Shielding - An Electromagnetic Field Interface. Shielding principles. Shielding failures. Shielding materials. EMI gaskets for seams. Handling large openings. Cable terminations and penetrations. 6. Systems Solutions. Power disturbances. Radio frequency interference. Electrostatic discharge. Electromagnetic emissions. 7. MIL-STD-461 & MIL-STD-464 Addendum. Background on MIL-STD-461 and MIL-STD-464. Design/proposal impact of individual requirements (emphasis on design, NOT testing.) Documentation requirements Control Plans, Test Plans, Test Reports. 8. EMC Troubleshooting Addemdum. Troubleshooting vs Design & Test. Using the "Differential Diagnosis" Methodology Diagnostic and Isolation Techniques - RFI, power, ESD, emissions. What You Will Learn • How to identify, prevent, and fix common EMI/EMC problems in military systems? • Simple models and "rules of thumb" and to help you arrive at quick design decisions (NO heavy math). • EMI/EMC troubleshooting tips and techniques. • Design impact (by requirement) of military EMC specifications (MIL-STD-461 and MIL-STD-464) • EMI/EMC documentation requirements (Control Plans, Test Plans, and Test Reports). Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 109 – 51 116
  • 52. Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms: Fundamentals NEW! March 11-12, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1245 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are approaches to artificial intelligence that are motivated by optimization processes that we observe in nature, such as natural selection, species migration, bird swarms, human culture, and ant colonies. This twoday course provides a clear explanation of the basic principles of EAs. The two-day course covers the theory, history, mathematics, and application of EAs to engineering optimization problems. Featured techniques include genetic algorithms, evolutionary programming, evolution strategies, ant colony optimization, particle swarm optimization, differential evolution, biogeography-based optimization, and many others. Matlab-based examples are used during the course to illustrate the algorithms. This application-oriented course helps the student obtain a clear, but theoretically rigorous, understanding of EAs. The course also discusses the similarities and differences between various EAs. This course provides an ideal EA introduction to engineering and computer science professionals. Each student will receive a copy of the text Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms written by the course instructor, Dan Simon, in addition to a complete set of lecture notes and Matlab code. Instructor Dan Simon has worked in industry, academia, and consulting since 1983. He has applied evolutionary algorithms (EAs) to problems such as missile tracking, prosthetic leg control, electrocardiogram diagnosis, robot control, aircraft engine diagnostics, electric power management and distribution, and automotive engine control. Dr. Simon is currently a professor in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department at Cleveland State University in Cleveland, Ohio. He has written over 80 peer-reviewed journal and conference papers, and has supervised over 20 graduate theses and dissertations. Dr. Simon is the author of the textbooks Optimal State Estimation (John Wiley & Sons, 2006) and Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms (John Wiley & Sons, 2013). 52 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. Introduction. Terminology. Unconstrained optimization. Constrained optimization. Multi-objective optimization. Multimodal optimization. Combinatorial optimization. Hill climbing algorithms. 2. Genetic Algorithms. History. The binary GA. The continuous GA. Matlab examples. 3. Performance Testing. Benchmarks. The no free lunch theorem. Overstatements based on simulation results. Random numbers. T tests. F tests. 4. Evolutionary Programming. Continuous EP. Finite state machines. Discrete EP. The prisoner’s dilemma. The artificial ant problem. 5. Evolution Strategies. The (1+1)-ES. The 1/5 rule. The (mu+1)-ES. The (mu+lambda)-ES. The (mu,lambda)-ES. Self-adaptive ES. . 6. Evolutionary Algorithm Variations. Initialization. Convergence criteria. Problem representation. Elitism. Steady-state vs. generational EAs. Population diversity. Selection options. Recombination options. Mutation. 7. Ant Colony Optimization. Pheromone models. The ant system. Continuous optimization. Other ACO models. 8. Particle Swarm Optimization. The basic PSO algorithm. Velocity limiting. Inertia weighting. Constriction coefficients. Global velocity updates. The fully informed PSO algorithm. Learning from mistakes. 9. Differential Evolution. The basic DE algorithm. DE variations. Discrete optimization. DE and GAs. 10. Biogeography-Based Optimization. Biogeography in nature. The basic BBO algorithm. BBO migration curves. Blended migration. BBO variations. BBO and GAs. 11. Other Evolutionary Algorithms. Genetic programming. Simulated annealing. Estimation of distribution algorithms. Cultural algorithms. Oppositionbased learning. Tabu search. The artificial fish swarm algorithm. The group search optimizer. The shuffled frog leaping algorithm. The firefly algorithm. Bacterial foraging optimization. The artificial bee colony algorithm. The gravitational search algorithm. Harmony search. Teaching-learning-based optimization. 12. Practical Advice. Software bugs. Randomness. The nonlinearity of EA tuning. Information in an EA population. Diversity. Problem-specific information. What You Will Learn • The difference between evolutionary algorithms (EAs), computer intelligence, population basedalgorithms, biologically-inspired algorithms, and swarm intelligence. • The four fundamental EAs. • Design and program an EA for my problem. • Some of the important tuning parameters in EAs. • Latest EA techniques. • Similarities and differences between various EA techniques. • The no free lunch theorem and what are its implications for EAs. • Perform a statistically rigorous comparison between the performance of different EAs. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 53. Fiber Optic Communication Systems Engineering April 15-17, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course investigates the basic aspects of digital and analog fiber-optic communication systems. Topics include sources and receivers, optical fibers and their propagation characteristics, and optical fiber systems. The principles of operation and properties of optoelectronic components, as well as signal guiding characteristics of glass fibers are discussed. System design issues include both analog and digital point-topoint optical links and fiber-optic networks. From this course you will obtain the knowledge needed to perform basic fiber-optic communication systems engineering calculations, identify system tradeoffs, and apply this knowledge to modern fiber optic systems. This will enable you to evaluate real systems, communicate effectively with colleagues, and understand the most recent literature in the field of fiber-optic communications. Instructor Dr. Raymond M. Sova is a section supervisor of the Photonic Devices and Systems section and a member of the Principal Professional Staff of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has a Bachelors degree from Pennsylvania State University in Electrical Engineering, a Masters degree in Applied Physics and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Johns Hopkins University. With nearly 17 years of experience, he has numerous patents and papers related to the development of high-speed photonic and fiber optic devices and systems that are applied to communications, remote sensing and RF-photonics. His experience in fiber optic communications systems include the design, development and testing of fiber communication systems and components that include: Gigabit ethernet, highlyparallel optical data link using VCSEL arrays, high data rate (10 Gb/sec to 200 Gb/sec) fiber-optic transmitters and receivers and free-space optical data links. He is an assistant research professor at Johns Hopkins University and has developed three graduate courses in Photonics and Fiber-Optic Communication Systems that he teaches in the Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering Part-Time Program. What You Will Learn • What are the basic elements in analog and digital fiber optic communication systems including fiber-optic components and basic coding schemes? • How fiber properties such as loss, dispersion and nonlinearity impact system performance. • How systems are compensated for loss, dispersion and non-linearity. • How a fiber-optic amplifier works and it’s impact on system performance. • How to maximize fiber bandwidth through wavelength division multiplexing. • How is the fiber-optic link budget calculated? • What are typical characteristics of real fiber-optic systems including CATV, gigabit Ethernet, POF data links, RF-antenna remoting systems, long-haul telecommunication links. • How to perform cost analysis and system design? Course Outline Part I: FUNDAMENTALS OF FIBER OPTIC COMPONENTS 1. Fiber Optic Communication Systems. Introduction to analog and digital fiber optic systems including terrestrial, undersea, CATV, gigabit Ethernet, RF antenna remoting, and plastic optical fiber data links. 2. Optics and Lightwave Fundamentals. Ray theory, numerical aperture, diffraction, electromagnetic waves, polarization, dispersion, Fresnel reflection, optical waveguides, birefringence, phase velocity, group velocity. 3. Optical Fibers. Step-index fibers, graded-index fibers, attenuation, optical modes, dispersion, non-linearity, fiber types, bending loss. 4. Optical Cables and Connectors. Types, construction, fusion splicing, connector types, insertion loss, return loss, connector care. 5. Optical Transmitters. Introduction to semiconductor physics, FP, VCSEL, DFB lasers, direct modulation, linearity, RIN noise, dynamic range, temperature dependence, bias control, drive circuitry, threshold current, slope efficiency, chirp. 6. Optical Modulators. Mach-Zehnder interferometer, Electro-optic modulator, electro-absorption modulator, linearity, bias control, insertion loss, polarization. 7. Optical Receivers. Quantum properties of light, PN, PIN, APD, design, thermal noise, shot noise, sensitivity characteristics, BER, front end electronics, bandwidth limitations, linearity, quantum efficiency. 8. Optical Amplifiers. EDFA, Raman, semiconductor, gain, noise, dynamics, power amplifier, pre-amplifier, line amplifier. 9. Passive Fiber Optic Components. Couplers, isolators, circulators, WDM filters, Add-Drop multiplexers, attenuators. 10. Component Specification Sheets. Interpreting optical component spec. sheets - what makes the best design component for a given application. Part II: FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS 11. Design of Fiber Optic Links. Systems design issues that are addressed include: loss-limited and dispersion limited systems, power budget, rise-time budget and sources of power penalty. 12. Network Properties. Introduction to fiber optic network properties, specifying and characterizing optical analog and digital networks. 13. Optical Impairments. Introduction to optical impairments for digital and analog links. Dispersion, loss, nonlinearity, optical amplifier noise, laser clipping to SBS (also distortions), back reflection, return loss, CSO CTB, noise. 14. Compensation Techniques. As data rates of fiber optical systems go beyond a few Gbits/sec, dispersion management is essential for the design of long-haul systems. The following dispersion management schemes are discussed: pre-compensation, post-compensation, dispersion compensating fiber, optical filters and fiber Bragg gratings. 15. WDM Systems. The properties, components and issues involved with using a WDM system are discussed. Examples of modern WDM systems are provided. 16. Digital Fiber Optic Link Examples: Worked examples are provided for modern systems and the methodology for designing a fiber communication system is explained. Terrestrial systems, undersea systems, Gigabit ethernet, and plastic optical fiber links. 17. Analog Fiber Optic Link Examples: Worked examples are provided for modern systems and the methodology for designing a fiber communication system is explained. Cable television, RF antenna remoting, RF phased array systems. 18. Test and Measurement. Power, wavelength, spectral analysis, BERT jitter, OTDR, PMD, dispersion, SBS, NoisePower-Ratio (NPR), intensity noise. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 53
  • 54. Kalman, H-Infinity, and Nonlinear Estimation Approaches Summary This three-day course will introduce Kalman filtering and other state estimation algorithms in a practical way so that the student can design and apply state estimation algorithms for real problems. The course will also present enough theoretical background to justify the techniques and provide a foundation for advanced research and implementation. After taking this course the student will be able to design Kalman filters, Hinfinity filters, and particle filters for both linear and nonlinear systems. The student will be able to evaluate the tradeoffs between different types of estimators. The algorithms will be demonstrated with freely available MATLAB programs. Each student will receive a copy of Dr. Simon’s text, Optimal State Estimation. Instructor Dr. Dan Simon has been a professor at Cleveland State University since 1999, and is also the owner of Innovatia Software. He had 14 years of industrial experience in the aerospace, automotive, biomedical, process control, and software engineering fields before entering academia. While in industry he applied Kalman filtering and other state estimation techniques to a variety of areas, including motor control, neural net and fuzzy system optimization, missile guidance, communication networks, fault diagnosis, vehicle navigation, and financial forecasting. He has over 60 publications in refereed journals and conference proceedings, including many in Kalman filtering. What You Will Learn • How can I create a system model in a form that is amenable to state estimation? • What are some different ways to simulate a system? • How can I design a Kalman filter? • What if the Kalman filter assumptions are not satisfied? • How can I design a Kalman filter for a nonlinear system? • How can I design a filter that is robust to model uncertainty? • What are some other types of estimators that may do better than a Kalman filter? • What are the latest research directions in state estimation theory and practice? • What are the tradeoffs between Kalman, Hinfinity, and particle filters? 54 – Vol. 116 May 20-22, 2014 Laurel, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Dynamic Systems Review. Linear systems. Nonlinear systems. Discretization. System simulation. 2. Random Processes Review. Probability. Random variables. Stochastic processes. White noise and colored noise. 3. Least Squares Estimation. Weighted least squares. Recursive least squares. 4. Time Propagation of States and Covariances. 5. The Discrete Time Kalman Filter. Derivation. Kalman filter properties. 6. Alternate Kalman filter forms. Sequential filtering. Information filtering. Square root filtering. 7. Kalman Filter Generalizations. Correlated noise. Colored noise. Steady-state filtering. Stability. Alpha-beta-gamma filtering. Fading memory filtering. Constrained filtering. 8. Optimal Smoothing. Fixed point smoothing. Fixed lag smoothing. Fixed interval smoothing. 9. Advanced Topics in Kalman Filtering. Verification of performance. Multiple-model estimation. Reduced-order estimation. Robust Kalman filtering. Synchronization errors. 10. H-infinity Filtering. Derivation. Examples. Tradeoffs with Kalman filtering. 11. Nonlinear Kalman Filtering. The linearized Kalman filter. The extended Kalman filter. Higher order approaches. Parameter estimation. 12. The Unscented Kalman Filter. Advantages. Derivation. Examples. 13. The Particle Filter. Derivation. Implementation issues. Examples. Tradeoffs. 14. Applications. Fault diagnosis for aerospace systems. Vehicle navigation. Fuzzy logic and neural network training. Motor control. Implementations in embedded systems. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 55. RF Engineering - Fundamentals March 18-19, 2014 NEW! Laurel, Maryland $1150 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary Instructor This two-day course is designed for engineers that are non specialists in RF engineering, but are involved in the design or analysis of communication systems including digital designers, managers, procurement engineers, etc. The course emphasizes RF fundamentals in terms of physical principles behavioral concepts permitting the student to quickly gain an intuitive understanding of the subject with minimal mathematical complexity. These principles are illustrated using modern examples of wireless components such as Bluetooth, Cell Phone and Paging, and 802.11 Data Communications Systems. John E. Penn received a B.E.E. from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1980, an M.S. (EE) from Johns Hopkins University (JHU) in 1982, and a second M.S. (CS) from JHU in 1988. He is currently the Team Lead for RFIC Design at Army Research Labs. Since 1989, he has been a part-time professor at Johns Hopkins University where he teaches RF & Microwaves I & II, MMIC Design, and RFIC Design. What You Will Learn • How to recognize the physical properties that make RF circuits and systems unique • What the important parameters are that characterize RF circuits • How to interpret RF Engineering performance data • What the considerations are in combining RF circuits into systems • How to evaluate RF Engineering risks such as instabilities, noise, and interference, etc. • How performance assessments can be enhanced with basic engineering tools such as MATLAB. From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to understand how rF circuits functions, how multiple circuits interact to determine system performance, to interact effectively with rF engineering specialists and to understand the literature. Course Outline Day One: Circuit Considerations 1. Physical Properties of RF circuits 2. Propagation and effective Dielectric Constants 3. Impedance Parameters 4. Reflections and Matching 5. Circuit matrix parameters (Z,Y, & S parameters) 6. Gain 7. Stability 8. Smith Chart data displays 9. Performance of example circuits Day Two: System considerations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Low Noise designs High Power design Distortion evaluation Spurious Free Dynamic Range MATLAB Assisted Assessment of state-ofthe-art RF systems Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 55
  • 56. Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering February 24-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary System reliability and availability are crucial metrics within all telecommunications fields. Engineers within the telecommunications industry require the ability to quantify these metrics for use in service level agreements, system design decisions and daily operations. Increasing system complexity and software logic require new, more sophisticated tools for system modeling and metric calculation than those available in current literature. This four-day course provides the communications engineer the tools to connect abstract systems reliability theory, system topology and computer simulation to predict and measure quantitative statistical performance metrics such as reliability, availability and maintainability. Each student will receive a copy of Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering, Theory and Practice in addition to a complete set of lecture notes. Instructor Mark Ayers is manager of RF Engineering at GCI Communications Corp headquartered in Anchorage, Alaska. Mark has a broad range of telecommunications experience including work in fiber optics, microwave radio and satellite network design. Mark holds a B.S. degree in Mathematics from the University of Alaska Anchorage and an M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Alaska Fairbanks. He is a registered Professional Electrical Engineer in the State of Alaska and a senior member in the IEEE. Mark teaches a variety of courses as an adjunct faculty member in the Engineering Department at the University of Alaska Anchorage and is the author of the textbook Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering, Theory and Practice. What You Will Learn • Familiarity with the concepts of reliability and availability as they relate to telecommunications systems. • A comprehensive understanding of reliability theory, system analysis techniques and system modeling. • Skills and tools necessary to perform complex, detailed analyses using computer simulation techniques. • Specific applications of analysis theory to real telecommunications systems. • Practical techniques to determine proper sparing levels. • How software and firmware impact the overall reliability and availability performance of telecommunications systems. Students taking this course will have a complete grasp of the importance and value of rigorous reliability analysis on a system’s design. 56 – Vol. 116 Course Outline 1. Reliability engineering and its relationship to communications. Historical development of reliability engineering as an academic field. Relevance of reliability theory to communications systems, MIL spec, and Bellcore standards. 2. System reliability metrics. Commonly used reliability engineering metrics are discussed.v These metrics include reliability, availability, failure rate, MTBF, and MTTR. 3. Reliability theory and random variables. Mathematics associated with reliability and availability models are presented. Statistical distributions and their applicability to TTF and TTR are discussed. 4. Reliability Block Diagrams. Success based networks of elements in serial or parallel. Used for determination of system reliability. 5. Markov Chain Analysis. State based analysis approach for the determination of availability in repairable systems. 6. Monte Carlo Simulation. Analysis technique using computer simulation to compute reliability and availability of an arbitrary configuration of components. 7. Fiber Optic Networks. Terrestrial and submarine systems including path protection and highly available system designs. 8. Microwave Networks. Long-haul, short-haul and local area microwave network reliability and availability are examined in detail including propagation effects and considerations (such as multi-path and rain fade). 9. Satellite Networks . Satellite earth station design and best practices, satellite redundancy considerations and propagation impacts. 10. Facilities. Telecommunications facilities generator systems, commercial power delivery and battery back sizing considerations. 11. Software and Firmware. Models are presented along with consideration for accurate representation of the impact on system performance. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 57. Wireless Communications & Spread Spectrum Design Summary This three-day course is designed for wireless communication engineers involved with spread spectrum systems, and managers who wish to enhance their understanding of the wireless techniques that are being used in all types of communication systems and products. It provides an overall look at many types and advantages of spread spectrum systems that are designed in wireless systems today. Cognitive adaptive systems are discussed. This course covers an intuitive approach that provides a real feel for the technology, with applications that apply to both the government and commercial sectors. Students will receive a copy of the instructor's textbook, Transceiver and System Design for Digital Communications. Instructor Scott R. Bullock, P.E., MSEE, specializes in Wireless Communications including Spread Spectrum Systems and Broadband Communication Systems, Networking, Software Defined Radios and Cognitive Radios and Systems for both government and commercial uses. He holds 18 patents and 22 trade secrets in communications and has published several articles in various trade magazines. He was active in establishing the data link standard for GPS SCAT-I landing systems, the first handheld spread spectrum PCS cell phone, and developed spread spectrum landing systems for the government. He is the author of two books, Transceiver and System Design for Digital Communications & Broadband Communications and Home Networking, Scitech Publishing, He has taught seminars for several years to all the major communication companies, an adjunct professor at two colleges, and was a guest lecturer for Polytechnic University on "Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum and Multiple Access Technologies." He has held several high level engineering positions including VP, Senior Director, Director of R&D, Engineering Fellow, and Consulting Engineer. What You Will Learn • How to perform link budgets for types of spread spectrum communications? • How to evaluate different digital modulation/ demodulation techniques? • What additional techniques are used to enhance digital Comm links including; multiple access, OFDM, error detection/correction, FEC, Turbo codes? • What is multipath and how to reduce multipath and jammers including adaptive processes? • What types of satellite communications and satellites are being used and design techniques? • What types of networks & Comms are being used for commercial/military; ad hoc, mesh, WiFi, WiMAX, 3&4G, JTRS, SCA, SDR, Link 16, cognitive radios & networks? • What is a Global Positioning System? • How to solve a 3 dimension Direction Finding? From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to evaluate and develop the system design for wireless communication digital transceivers including spread spectrum systems. March 24-26, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Transceiver Design. dB power, link budgets, system design tradeoffs, S/N, Eb/No, Pe, BER, link margin, tracking noise, process gain, effects and advantages of using spread spectrum techniques. 2. Transmitter Design. Spread spectrum transmitters, PSK, MSK, QAM, CP-PSK, FH, OFDM, PN-codes, TDMA/CDMA/FDMA, antennas, T/R, LOs, upconverters, sideband elimination, PAs, VSWR. 3. Receiver Design. Dynamic range, image rejection, limiters, MDS, superheterodyne receivers, importance of LNAs, 3rd order intercept, intermods, spurious signals, two tone dynamic range, TSS, phase noise, mixers, filters, A/D converters, aliasing anti-aliasing filters, digital signal processors DSPs. 4. Automatic Gain Control Design & Phase Lock Loop Comparison. AGCs, linearizer, detector, loop filter, integrator, using control theory and feedback systems to analyze AGCs, PLL and AGC comparison. 5. Demodulation. Demodulation and despreading techniques for spread spectrum systems, pulsed matched filters, sliding correlators, pulse position modulation, CDMA, coherent demod, despreading, carrier recovery, squaring loops, Costas and modified Costas loops, symbol synch, eye pattern, inter-symbol interference, phase detection, Shannon's limit. 6. Basic Probability and Pulse Theory. Simple approach to probability, gaussian process, quantization error, Pe, BER, probability of detection vs probability of false alarm, error detection CRC, error correction, FEC, RS & Turbo codes, LDPC, Interleaving, Viterbi, multi-h, PPM, m-sequence codes. 7. Cognitive adaptive systems. Dynamic spectrum access, adaptive power gain control using closed loop feedback systems, integrated solutions of Navigational data and closed loop RSSI measurements, adaptive modulation, digital adaptive filters, adaptive cosite filters, use of AESAs for beamsteering, nullstearing, beam spoiling, sidelobe detection, communications using multipath, MIMO, and a combined cognitive system approach. 8. Improving the System Against Jammers. Burst jammers, digital filters, GSOs, adaptive filters, ALEs, quadrature method to eliminate unwanted sidebands, orthogonal methods to reduce jammers, types of intercept receivers. 9. Global Navigation Satellite Systems. Basic understanding of GPS, spread spectrum BPSK modulated signal from space, satellite transmission, signal structure, receiver, errors, narrow correlator, selective availability SA, carrier smoothed code, Differential DGPS, Relative GPS, widelane/narrowlane, carrier phase tracking KCPT, double difference. 10. Satellite Communications. ADPCM, FSS, geosynchronous / geostationary orbits, types of antennas, equivalent temperature analysis, G/T multiple access, propagation delay, types of satellites. 11. Broadband Communications and Networking. Home distribution methods, Bluetooth, OFDM, WiFi, WiMax, LTE, 3&4G cellular, QoS, military radios, JTRS, software defined radios, SCA, gateways, Link 16, TDMA, adaptive networks, mesh, ad hoc, on-the-move, MANETs, D-MANETs, cognitive radios and networks. 12. DF & Interferometer Analysis. Positioning and direction finding using interferometers, direction cosines, three dimensional approach, antenna position matrix, coordinate conversion for moving. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 57
  • 58. Acoustics Fundamentals, Measurements, and Applications February 25-27, 2014 San Diego, California March 25-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary This three-day course is intended for engineers and other technical personnel and managers who have a work-related need to understand basic acoustics concepts and how to measure and analyze sound. This is an introductory course and participants need not have any prior knowledge of sound or vibration. Each topic is illustrated by appropriate applications, in-class demonstrations, and worked-out numerical examples. Since the practical uses of acoustics principles are vast and diverse, participants are encouraged to confer with the instructor (before, during, and after the course) regarding any work-related concerns. Each student will receive a copy of the textbook, Acoustics: An Introduction by Heinrich Kuttruff. Instructor Dr. Alan D. Stuart, Associate Professor Emeritus of Acoustics, Penn State, has over forty years experience in the field of sound and vibration. He has degrees in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and engineering acoustics. For over thirty years he has taught courses on the Fundamentals of Acoustics, Structural Acoustics, Applied Acoustics, Noise Control Engineering, and Sonar Engineering on both the graduate and undergraduate levels as well as at government and industrial organizations throughout the country. What You Will Learn • How to make proper sound level measurements. • How to analyze and report acoustic data. • The basis of decibels (dB) and the A-weighting scale. • How intensity probes work and allow near-field sound measurements. • How to measure radiated sound power and sound transmission loss. • How to use third-octave bands and narrow-band spectrum analyzers. • How the source-path-receiver approach is used in noise control engineering. • How sound builds up in enclosures like vehicle interiors and rooms. 58 – Vol. 116 Recent attendee comments ... “Great instructor made the course interesting and informative. Helped clear-up many misconceptions I had about sound and its measurement.” “Enjoyed the in-class demonstrations; they help explain the concepts. Instructor helped me with a problem I was having at work, worth the price of the course!” Course Outline 1. Introductory Concepts. Sound in fluids and solids. Sound as particle vibrations. Waveforms and frequency. Sound energy and power consideration. 2. Acoustic Waves in Air and Water. Air-borne sound. Plane and spherical acoustic waves. Sound pressure, intensity, and power. Decibel (dB) log power scale. Sound reflection and transmission at surfaces. Sound absorption. 3. Acoustic and Vibration Sensors. Human ear characteristics. Capacitor and piezoelectric microphone and hydrophone designs and response characteristics. Intensity probe design and operational limitations. Accelerometers design and frequency response. 4. Sound Measurements. Sound level meters. Time weighting (fast, slow, linear). Decibel scales (Linear and A-and C-weightings). Octave band analyzers. Narrow band spectrum analyzers. Critical bands of human hearing. Detecting tones in noise. Microphone calibration techniques. 5. Sound Radiation. Human speech mechanism. Loudspeaker design and response characteristics. Directivity patterns of simple and multi-pole sources: monopole, dipole and quadri-pole sources. Acoustic arrays and beamforming. Sound radiation from vibrating machines and structures. Radiation efficiency. 6. Low Frequency Components and Systems. Helmholtz resonator. Sound waves in ducts. Mufflers and their design. Horns and loudspeaker enclosures. 7. Applications. Representative topics include: Outdoor and underwater sound propagation (e.g. refraction due to temperature and other effects). Environmental acoustics (e.g. community noise response and criteria). Auditorium and room acoustics (e.g. reverberation criteria and sound absorption). Structural acoustics (e.g. sound transmission loss through panels). Noise andvibration control (e.g.source-path-receiver model). Topics of interest to the course participants. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 59. Design, Operation & Data Analysis of Side Scan Sonar Systems February 25-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary Side scan sonar systems have become the standard for ocean floor mapping and have evolved from CW to broadband CHIRP and now interferometric systems are common. This three-day course provides a comprehensive program on the design, operational considerations, analysis and post processing of side scan sonar data. Whether designing systems or conducting surveys, the course provides an in depth understanding of all aspects of the side scan sonar systems. The course builds from a basic history of side scan development into a comprehensive examination of theoretical and operational components of systems, data and surveys. Each student will receive a copy of the Second Ed. Not in the Manual Guide to Sonar Image Interpretation by Vincent Capone (a $250 value) in addition to a complete set of lecture notes. Instructor Vincent J. Capone, M.SC. has worked in the ocean science fields for over thirty years with a focus on remote sensing/survey operations. He has conducted sonar operations in depths of as little as 1 meter and down to over 3000m in every type of environment. Vince has conducted hundreds of side scan sonar operations for government agencies, law enforcement and commercial clients. He is a sonar instructor for the US Navy and has assisted in the recovery of debris from the space shuttle Coumbia as well as the recent recovery of Saturn V engines from the deep ocean Mr. Capone is the author of the DVD training program Second Ed. Not in the manual guide to Side Scan Sonar Image Interpretation. What You Will Learn • Why is side scan sonar an effective mapping tool. • The effects of side scan design on performance. • Effects of frequency, beam angle and pulse length on sonar imagery. • Backscatter and target reflectivity. • Application of color and gain in the sonar image. • Detailed analysis of side scan imagery. • Operational components of side scan deployment. • Optimizing search patterns for efficiency and performance. • Post processing of sonar imagery. Course Outline 1. Introduction. Why is side scan sonar so effective? General development history of side scan sonar systems. What are the different designs of side scan sonar and how does design affect performance. CHIRP vs CW Sonar Systems. Hydrographic multibeam back scatter vs traditional side scan sonar. 2. Beam Angle, Frequency, Pulse Length and Resolution. How do beam angle, pulse length and frequency affect resolution and performance? Is resolution consistent over the entire sonar image. 3. Backscatter & Target Reflectivity. Why do varying sea floor types reflect sonar differently? What properties of a target cause reflectivity. What types of materials do not reflect the sonar pulse. 4. Application of Gain, Display Color and Color Palettes. What types of Gain can be applied to the sonar signal and how does gain processing such as normalization affect sonar data. What does the color palette represent and how does the color palette affect display and interpretation of the data. 5. Detailed Target Analysis. While side scan sonar is a display type data which most users find intuitive to read, detailed analysis requires an in depth knowledge of image formation. This section will provide a intensive look into target and shadow analysis. 6. Anomalies, Noise and Thermoclines. Side scan sonar imagery often includes anomalies, reflections or ghost images that do not represent actual objects on the sea floor. This discussion will focus on the types of anomalies and how to recognize these false returns in the sonar data. Noise and thermoclines can also limit the range and quality of sonar data. We will discuss the causes and how to limit the sources of noise as well as the affects of differing speed of sound on the imagery. 7. Data and Target Positioning. Sonar data is only as good as the geographic position of the target or final product. What are the best methods for obtaining accurate positioning and how to correct data when errors are present. What are the best methods for establishing target positions and requiring targets. How to apply target offsets to large debris fields. 8. Sonar Search Patterns and Coverage. How to best design the most efficient and effective search patterns for side scan sonar operations. How to best match pulse rate and speed for 100% coverage. 9. Sonar Processing and Processing Software. What are the best practices for converting sonar data into geotiffs and which softwares provide the best results. 10. Introduction to Synthetic Aperture Sonar. Advanced side scan sonar systems will utilize synthetic aperture which provide range independent resolution. What are the basic principles of SAS image formation as well as advantages and disadvantages of SAS data. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 59
  • 60. Random Vibration & Shock Testing - Fundamentals for Land, Sea, Air, Space Vehicles & Electronics Manufacture February 18-20, 2014 Santa Barbara, California April 8-10, 2014 Detroit, Michigan May 20-22, 2014 Santa Clarita, California $3595 Summary This three-day course is primarily designed for test personnel who conduct, supervise or "contract out" vibration and shock tests. It also benefits design, quality and reliability specialists who interface with vibration and shock test activities. Each student receives the instructor's, minimal-mathematics, minimal-theory hardbound text Random Vibration & Shock Testing, Measurement, Analysis & Calibration. This 444 page, 4-color book also includes a CD-ROM with video clips and animations. Instructor Wayne Tustin is the President of an engineering school and consultancy. His BSEE degree is from the University of Washington, Seattle. He is a licensed Professional Engineer - Quality in the State of California. Wayne's first encounter with vibration was at Boeing/Seattle, performing what later came to be called modal tests, on the XB-52 prototype of that highly reliable platform. Subsequently he headed field service and technical training for a manufacturer of electrodynamic shakers, before establishing another specialized school on which he left his name. Wayne has written several books and hundreds of articles dealing with practical aspects of vibration and shock measurement and testing. What You Will Learn • How to plan, conduct and evaluate vibration and shock tests and screens. • How to attack vibration and noise problems. • How to make vibration isolation, damping and absorbers work for vibration and noise control. • How noise is generated and radiated, and how it can be reduced. From this course you will gain the ability to understand and communicate meaningfully with test personnel, perform basic engineering calculations, and evaluate tradeoffs between test equipment and procedures. 60 – Vol. 116 (8:00am - 4:00pm) “Also Available As A Distance Learning Course” (Call for Info) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Minimal math review of basics of vibration, commencing with uniaxial and torsional SDoF systems. Resonance. Vibration control. 2. Instrumentation. How to select and correctly use displacement, velocity and especially acceleration and force sensors and microphones. Minimizing mechanical and electrical errors. Sensor and system dynamic calibration. 3. Extension of SDoF. to understand multi-resonant continuous systems encountered in land, sea, air and space vehicle structures and cargo, as well as in electronic products. 4. Types of shakers. Tradeoffs between mechanical, electrohydraulic (servohydraulic), electrodynamic (electromagnetic) and piezoelectric shakers and systems. Limitations. Diagnostics. 5. Sinusoidal one-frequency-at-a-time vibration testing. Interpreting sine test standards. Conducting tests. 6. Random Vibration Testing. Broad-spectrum allfrequencies-at-once vibration testing. Interpreting random vibration test standards. 7. Simultaneous multi-axis testing. Gradually replacing practice of reorienting device under test (DUT) on single-axis shakers. 8. Environmental stress screening. (ESS) of electronics production. Extensions to highly accelerated stress screening (HASS) and to highly accelerated life testing (HALT). 9. Assisting designers. To improve their designs by (a) substituting materials of greater damping or (b) adding damping or (c) avoiding "stacking" of resonances. 10. Understanding automotive. Buzz, squeak and rattle (BSR). Assisting designers to solve BSR problems. Conducting BSR tests. 11. Intense noise. (acoustic) testing of launch vehicles and spacecraft. 12. Shock testing. Transportation testing. Pyroshock testing. Misuse of classical shock pulses on shock test machines and on shakers. More realistic oscillatory shock testing on shakers. 13. Shock response spectrum. (SRS) for understanding effects of shock on hardware. Use of SRS in evaluating shock test methods, in specifying and in conducting shock tests. 14. Attaching DUT via vibration and shock test fixtures. Large DUTs may require head expanders and/or slip plates. 15. Modal testing. Assisting designers. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 61. Sonar Transducer Design - Fundamentals March 18-20, 2014 Course Outline Columbia, Maryland 1. Overview. Review of how transducer and performance fits into overall sonar system design. 2. Waves in Fluid Media. Background on how the transducer creates sound energy and how this energy propagates in fluid media. The basics of sound propagation in fluid media: • Plane Waves • Radiation from Spheres • Linear Apertures Beam Patterns • Planar Apertures Beam Patterns • Directivity and Directivity Index • Scattering and Diffraction • Radiation Impedance • Transmission Phenomena • Absorption and Attenuation of Sound 3. Equivalent Circuits. Transducers equivalent electrical circuits. The relationship between transducer parameters and performance. Analysis of transducer designs: • Mechanical Equivalent Circuits • Acoustical Equivalent Circuits • Combining Mechanical and Acoustical Equivalent Circuits 4. Waves in Solid Media: A transducer is constructed of solid structural elements. Background in how sound waves propagate through solid media. This section builds on the previous section and develops equivalent circuit models for various transducer elements. Piezoelectricity is introduced. • Waves in Homogeneous, Elastic Solid Media • Piezoelectricity • The electro-mechanical coupling coefficient • Waves in Piezoelectric, Elastic Solid Media. 5. Sonar Projectors. This section combines the concepts of the previous sections and developes the basic concepts of sonar projector design. Basic concepts for modeling and analyzing sonar projector performance will be presented. Examples of sonar projectors will be presented and will include spherical projectors, cylindrical projectors, half wave-length projectors, tonpilz projectors, and flexural projectors. Limitation on performance of sonar projectors will be discussed. 6. Sonar Hydrophones. The basic concepts of sonar hydrophone design will be reviewed. Analysis of hydrophone noise and extraneous circuit noise that may interfere with hydrophone performance. • Elements of Sonar Hydrophone Design • Analysis of Noise in Hydrophone and Preamplifier Systems • Specific Application in Sonar Hydronpone Design • Hydrostatic hydrophones • Spherical hydrophones • Cylindrical hydrophones • The affect of a fill fluid on hydrophone performance. $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary This three-day course is designed for sonar system design engineers, managers, and system engineers who wish to enhance their understanding of sonar transducer design and how the sonar transducer fits into and dictates the greater sonar system design. Topics will be illustrated by worked numerical examples and practical case studies. Instructor Mr. John C. Cochran is a Sr. Engineering Fellow with Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems., a leading provider of integrated solutions for the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security. Mr. Cochran has 25 years of experience in the design of sonar transducer systems. His experience includes high frequency mine hunting sonar systems, hull mounted search sonar systems, undersea targets and decoys, high power projectors, and surveillance sonar systems. Mr. Cochran holds a BS degree from the University of California, Berkeley, a MS degree from Purdue University, and a MS EE degree from University of California, Santa Barbara. He holds a certificate in Acoustics Engineering from Pennsylvania State University and Mr. Cochran has taught as a visiting lecturer for the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. What You Will Learn • Acoustic parameters that affect transducer designs: Aperture design Radiation impedance Beam patterns and directivity • Fundamentals of acoustic wave transmission in solids including the basics of piezoelectricity Modeling concepts for transducer design. • Transducer performance parameters that affect radiated power, frequency of operation, and bandwidth. • Sonar projector design parameters Sonar hydrophone design parameters. From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform sonar transducer systems engineering calculations, identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully with colleagues, evaluate systems, understand current literature, and how transducer design fits into greater sonar system design. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 61
  • 62. Military Standard 810G Testing Understanding, Planning and Performing Climatic and Dynamic Tests January 13-16, 2014 Cape Canaveral, Florida February 4-7, 2014 Santa Clarita, California $4110 Summary This four-day class provides understanding of the purpose of each test, the equipment required to perform each test, and the methodology to correctly apply the specified test environments. Vibration and Shock methods will be covered together with instrumentation, equipment, control systems and fixture design. Climatic tests will be discussed individually: requirements, origination, equipment required, test methodology, understanding of results. The course emphasizes topics you will use immediately. Suppliers to the military services protectively install commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment in our flight and land vehicles and in shipboard locations where vibration and shock can be severe. We laboratory test the protected equipment (1) to assure twenty years equipment survival and possible combat, also (2) to meet commercial test standards, IEC documents, military standards such as STANAG or MIL-STD-810G, etc. Few, if any, engineering schools cover the essentials about such protection or such testing. Instructor Steve Brenner has worked in environmental simulation and reliability testing for over 30 years, always involved with the latest techniques for verifying equipment integrity through testing. He has independently consulted in reliability testing since 1996. His client base includes American and European companies with mechanical and electronic products in almost every industry. Steve's experience includes the entire range of climatic and dynamic testing, including ESS, HALT, HASS and long term reliability testing. What You Will Learn When you visit an environmental test laboratory, perhaps to witness a test, or plan or review a test program, you will have a good understanding of the requirements and execution of the 810G dynamics and climatics tests. You will be able to ask meaningful questions and understand the responses of test laboratory personnel. 62 – Vol. 116 (8:00am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Introduction to Military Standard testing Dynamics. • Introduction to classical sinusoidal vibration. • Resonance effects • Acceleration and force measurement • Electrohydraulic shaker systems • Electrodynamic shaker systems • Sine vibration testing • Random vibration testing • Attaching test articles to shakers (fixture design, fabrication and usage) • Shock testing 2. Climatics. • Temperature testing • Temperature shock • Humidity • Altitude • Rapid decompression/explosives • Combined environments • Solar radiation • Salt fog • Sand & Dust • Rain • Immersion • Explosive atmosphere • Icing • Fungus • Acceleration • Freeze/thaw (new in 810G) 3. Climatics and Dynamics Labs demonstrations. 4. Reporting On And Certifying Test Results. Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
  • 63. TOPICS for ON-SITE courses ATI offers these courses AT YOUR LOCATION...customized for you! Spacecraft & Aerospace Engineering Attitude Determination & Control Composite Materials for Aerospace Applications Communications Payload Design and Satellite System Architecture Design & Analysis of Bolted Joints Effective Design Reviews for Aerospace Programs Earth Station Design GIS, GPS & Remote Sensing (Geomatics) GPS Technology Ground System Design & Operation Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging Introduction To Space IP Networking Over Satellite Launch Vehicle Selection, Performance & Use New Directions in Space Remote Sensing Orbital Mechanics: Ideas & Insights Payload Integration & Processing Remote Sensing for Earth Applications Risk Assessment for Space Flight Satellite Communications Systems – Advanced Satellite Communication Introduction Satellite Communication Systems Engineering Satellite Design & Technology Satellite Laser Communications Satellite RF Comm & Onboard Processing Space-Based Laser Systems Space Based Radar Space Environment Space Hardware Instrumentation Space Mission Structures Space Systems Fundamentals Spacecraft Power Systems Spacecraft QA, Integration & Testing Spacecraft Structural Design Spacecraft Systems Design & Engineering Spacecraft Thermal Control Engineering & Data Analysis Aerospace Simulations in C++ Advanced Topics in Digital Signal Processing Antenna & Array Fundamentals Digital Processing Systems Design Exploring Data: Visualization Fiber Optics Systems Engineering Fundamentals of Statistics with Excel Examples Grounding & Shielding for EMC Kalman Filtering with Applications Optimization, Modeling & Simulation Practical Signal Processing Using MATLAB Practical Design of Experiments Self-Organizing Wireless Networks Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach Sonar & Acoustic Engineering Acoustics, Fundamentals, Measurements and Applications Advanced Undersea Warfare Design & Use of Sonar Transducers Design, Operation and Data Analysis of Side Scan Sonar Systems Fundamentals of Sonar Transducers Ocean Optics: Fundamentals Random Vibration & Shock Testing – Fundamentals Sonar Principles & ASW Analysis Sonar Signal Processing Submarines & Anti-Submarine Warfare Underwater Acoustic Modeling Vibration & Noise Control Radar/Missile/Defense Advanced Developments in Radar AESA Airborne Radar Theory and Operations Combat Systems Engineering C4ISR Requirements & Systems Directed Infrared Countermeasures (DIRCM) Principles Electronic Warfare Overview Electronic Warfare – Advanced Explosives Technology and Modeling Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Fundamentals of Radar Fundamentals of Rockets & Missiles GPS Technology Kalman, H-Infinity, & Nonlinear Estimation Modern Missile Analysis Passive Emitter Geo-Location Propagation Effects for Radar & Comm Radar Signal Processing. Radar System Design & Engineering Multi-Target Tracking & Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Software Defined Radio Engineering Synthetic Aperture Radar Synthetic Aperture Radar – Advanced Tactical Battlefield Communications Electronic Warfare Tactical Missile Design & Engineering Unmanned Air Vehicle Design Systems Engineering and Project Management Breakthrough Thinking: Creative Solutions for Professional Success Certified Systems Engineer Professional Exam Preparation Cost Estimating Effective Design Review Eureka Method: How to Think like an Inventor Evolutionary Optimization Algorithms: Fundamentals Fundamentals of Systems Engineering Model-based Systems Engineering Fundamentals Principles Of Test & Evaluation Project Management Fundamentals Project Management Series RF Engineering - Fundamentals Systems Of Systems Test Design And Analysis Total Systems Engineering Development Other Topics Call us to discuss your requirements and objectives. Our experts can tailor leading-edge cost-effective courses to your specifications. OUTLINES & INSTRUCTOR BIOS at Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 116 – 63
  • 64. Boost Your Skills with ATI On-site Training Any Course Can Be Taught Economically For 8 or More All ATI courses can easily be tailored to your specific applications and technologies. “On-site” training represents a cost-effective, timely and flexible training solution with leading experts at your facility. Save an average of 40% with an onsite (based on the cost of a public course). Onsite Training Benefits • Customized to your facility’s specific applications • 40 to 60 % discounts per/person • Tailored course manuals for each student • Industry expert instructors • Confidential environment How It Works • Call or e-mail us with your course interest(s). • Discuss your training objectives and audience. • Identify which courses will meet your goals. • ATI will prepare and send you a quote to review with sample course material to present to your supervisor. • Schedule the presentation at your convenience. • No obligation or risk until two weeks before the event • Conference with the instructor prior to the event. • Multi-course program discounts • ATI prepares and presents all materials and delivers measurable results. • New courses can be developed to meet your specific requirements Via the Internet Register on-line at Email Mail paperwork to ATI Courses, LLC 349 Berkshire Drive Riva, MD 21140-1433 Send Me Future Information: o Remove. This person is no longer at this address. o I prefer to be mailed a paper copy of the brochure. o I no longer want to receive this brochure. o I prefer to receive both paper and email copies of the brochure. o Please correct my mailing address as noted. o Email for electronic copies. We require your email address for future correspondence. Email Fax or Email address updates and your mail code. Fax to 410-956-5785 or email Please provide the Priority Code from the brochure with any changes. 64 – Vol. 98 Paid BLOOMSBURg, PA PERMIT NO. 6 1-888-501-2100 or 410-956-8805 349 Berkshire Drive Riva, Maryland 21140-1433 Phone Onsite Training always an option. 410-956-5785 Technical Training since 1984 FAX paperwork to ATI COURSES, LLC 5 EASY WAYS TO REGISTER OR CORRECT YOUR MAILING INFORMATION PRESORTED STANDARD U.S. POSTAgE Call and we will explain in detail what we can do for you, what it will cost, and what you can expect in results and future capabilities. 888.501.2100 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805