New catalog of ATI courses on Space, Satellite, Radar, Missile, Defense & Systems Engineering with courses from August 2013 to April 2014
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New catalog of ATI courses on Space, Satellite, Radar, Missile, Defense & Systems Engineering with courses from August 2013 to April 2014



New catalog of ATI courses on Space, Satellite, Radar, Missile, Defense & Systems Engineering with courses from August 2013 to April 2014

New catalog of ATI courses on Space, Satellite, Radar, Missile, Defense & Systems Engineering with courses from August 2013 to April 2014



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New catalog of ATI courses on Space, Satellite, Radar, Missile, Defense & Systems Engineering with courses from August 2013 to April 2014 New catalog of ATI courses on Space, Satellite, Radar, Missile, Defense & Systems Engineering with courses from August 2013 to April 2014 Document Transcript

  • APPLIED TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE, LLC Training Rocket Scientists Since 1984 Volume 115 Valid through April 2014 Acoustics & Sonar Engineering Cyber Security, Communications & Networking Radar, Missiles, & Defense Systems Engineering & Project Management Space & Satellites Systems Engineering & Data Analysis Sign Up to Access Course Samplers TECHNICAL TRAINING PUBLIC & ONSITE SINCE 1984
  • 2 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Applied Technology Institute, LLC 349 Berkshire Drive Riva, Maryland 21140-1433 Tel 410-956-8805 • Fax 410-956-5785 Toll Free 1-888-501-2100 Technical and Training Professionals, Now is the time to think about bringing an ATI course to your site! If there are 8 or more people who are interested in a course, you save money if we bring the course to you. If you have 15 or more students, you save over 50% compared to a public course. This catalog includes upcoming open enrollment dates for many courses. We can teach any of them at your location. Our website,, lists over 50 additional courses that we offer. For 29 years, the Applied Technology Institute (ATI) has earned the TRUST of training departments nationwide. We have presented “on-site” training at all major DoD facilities and NASA centers, and for a large number of their contractors. Since 1984, we have emphasized the big picture systems engineering perspective in: - Cyber Security, Communications & Networking - Defense Topics - Engineering & Data Analysis - Sonar & Acoustic Engineering - Space & Satellite Systems - Systems Engineering with instructors who love to teach! We are constantly adding new topics to our list of courses - please call if you have a scientific or engineering training requirement that is not listed. We would love to send you a quote for an onsite course! For “on-site” presentations, we can tailor the course, combine course topics for audience relevance, and develop new or specialized courses to meet your objectives. Regards, P.S. We can help you arrange “on-site” courses with your training department. Give us a call.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 3 Table of Contents Space & Satellite Systems Communications Payload Design - Satellite System Architecture Sep 23-26, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Design & Analysis of Bolted Joints Oct 22-24, 2013 • Littleton, Colorado. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Earth Station Design Jan 6-9, 2014 • Houston, Texas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Ground Systems Design & Operation Nov 11-13, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Orbital & Launch Mechanics - Fundamentals Dec 9-12, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Satellite Communications - An Essential Introduction Oct 1-3, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Dec 2-5, 2013 • Virtual Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Satellite Communications - Design & Engineering Oct 15-17, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Satellite Communications - IP Networking Performance & Effiency Jan 26-28, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 Satellite Communications Systems - Advanced Jan 21-23, 2014 • Cocoa Beach, Florida. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 XXXXXXXXX • Virtual Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Satellite Laser Communications Feb 4-6, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Space Environment: Implications for Spacecraft Design Jan 27-28, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Space Mission Structures Nov 12-15, 2013 • Littleton, Colorado. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Space Systems Fundamentals Jan 20-23, 2014 • Albuquerque, New Mexico. . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Spacecraft Reliability, Quality Assurance, Integrations & Testing Mar 13-14, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Spacecraft Thermal Control Feb 27-28, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Structural Test Design & Interpretation for Aerospace Dec 10-12, 2013 • Littleton, Colorado . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Systems Engineering & Project Management Agile Boot Camp: An Immersive Introduction (Please See Page 20 For Dates/Times & Web Address) . . . . . . . . . 20 Certified Scrum Master Workshop (Please See Page 20 For Dates/Times & Web Address). . . . . . . . . 20 Agile in the Government Environment (Please See Page 21 For Dates/Times & Web Address) . . . . . . . . 21 Project Management Professional (PMP) Certification Boot Camp (Please See Page 21 For Dates/Times & Web Address) . . . . . . . . 21 Applied Systems Engineering Oct 14-17, 2013 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 CSEP Preparation Dec 9-10, 2013 • Orlando, Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Cost Estimating Feb 25-26, 2014 • Albuquerque, New Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Fundamentals of Systems Engineering Dec 11-12, 2013 • Orlando, Florida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Model Based Systems Engineering NEW! Sep 17-19, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Nov 5-7, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Requirements Engineering With DEVSME NEW! Sep 10-12, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Technical CONOPS & Concepts Master's Course Oct 22-24, 2013 • Virginia Beach, Virginia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Defense, Missiles, & Radar AESA Airborne Radar Theory & Operations NEW! Sep 16-19, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Feb 3-6, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Combat Systems Engineering Feb 25-27, 2014 • Huntsville, Alabama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Examining Network Centric Warfare Jan 22-23, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Electronic Warfare - Advanced Feb 3-6, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 GPS Technology Nov 11-14, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Jan 13-16, 2014 • Cocoa Beach, Florida. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 LINK 16: Advanced Feb 4-6, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Military Standard 810G Sep 9-12, 2013 • Santa Clarita, California. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Oct 21-24, 2013 • Bohemia, New York. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Missile System Design Sep 16-19, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Feb 10-13, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Modern Missile Analysis Dec 9-12, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 Multi-Target Tracking & Multi-Sensor Data Fusion (MSDF) Jan 28-30, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Passive Emitter Geo-Location Feb 11-13, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Radar Systems Design & Engineering Feb 24-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Rockets & Missiles - Fundamentals Feb 18-20, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Software Defined Radio Engineering NEW! Jan 21-23, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Solid Rocket Motor Design & Applications Apr 14-17, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Synthetic Aperture Radar - Fundamentals Feb 10-11, 2014 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Synthetic Aperture Radar - Advanced Feb 12-13, 2014 • Chantilly, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Unmanned Air Vehicle Design Sep 24-26, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Jan 28-30, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 Unmanned Aircraft System Fundamentals Feb 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Cyber Security, Engineering & Communications Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) - Fundamentals NEW! Sep 24-26, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Cyber Warfare - Global Trends Feb XXXXXX, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Apr 7-10, 2014 • Virtual Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Digital Video Systems, Broadcast & Operations Mar 17-20, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Fiber Optic Communication Systems Engineering Apr 8-10, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 EMI / EMC in Military Systems Sep 24-26, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Eureka Method: How to Think Like An Inventor NEW! Nov 5-6, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Statistics with Excel Examples - Fundamentals Sep 24-25, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering NEW! Feb 24-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach Feb 11-13, 2014 • San Diego, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Jun 10-12, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Wavelets: A Concise Guide Mar 11-12, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Wireless Communications & Spread Spectrum Design Mar 24-26, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Acoustics & Sonar Engineering Acoustics Fundamentals, Measurements & Applications Feb 25-27, 2014 • San Diego, California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Mar 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Design, Operation, & Data Analysis of Side Scan Sonar Systems Feb 25-27, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Random Vibration & Shock Testing - Fundamentals Sep 17-19, 2013 • Boxborough, Massachusetts. . . . . . . . . . 60 Nov 13-15, 2013 • Lynchburg, Virginia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Sonar Transducer Design - Fundamentals Mar 18-20, 2014 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Underwater Acoustics for Biologists & Conservation Managers Sep 24-26, 2013 • Columbia, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Nov 11-13, 2013 • Silver Spring, Maryland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Topics for On-site Courses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Popular “On-site” Topics & Ways to Register . . . . . 64
  • 4 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Communications Payload Design and Satellite System Architecture Instructor Bruce R. Elbert (MSEE, MBA) is president of an independent satellite communications consulting firm. He is a recognized satellite communications expert with 40 years of experience in satellite communications payload and systems engineering beginning at COMSAT Laboratories and including 25 years with Hughes Electronics (now Boeing Satellite). He has contributed to the design and construction of major communications satellites, including Intelsat V, Inmarsat 4, Galaxy, Thuraya, DIRECTV, Morelos (Mexico) and Palapa A (Indonesia). Mr. Elbert led R&D in Ka band systems and is a prominent expert in the application of millimeter wave technology to commercial use. He has written eight books, including: The Satellite Communication Applications Handbook – Second Edition (Artech House, 2004), The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook (Artech House, 2004), and Introduction to Satellite Communication - Third Edition (Artech House, 2008), is included. September 23-26, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This four-day course provides communications and satellite systems engineers and system architects with a comprehensive and accurate approach for the specification and detailed design of the communications payload and its integration into a satellite system. Both standard bent pipe repeaters and digital processors (on board and ground-based) are studied in depth, and optimized from the standpoint of maximizing throughput and coverage (single footprint and multi-beam). Applications in Fixed Satellite Service (C, X, Ku and Ka bands) and Mobile Satellite Service (L and S bands) are addressed as are the requirements of the associated ground segment for satellite control and the provision of services to end users. Discussion will address inter- satellite links using millimeter wave RF and optical technologies. The text, Satellite Communication – Third Edition (Artech House, 2008) is included. What You Will Learn • How to transform system and service requirements into payload specifications and design elements. • What are the specific characteristics of payload components, such as antennas, LNAs, microwave filters, channel and power amplifiers, and power combiners. • What space and ground architecture to employ when evaluating on-board processing and multiple beam antennas, and how these may be configured for optimum end-to-end performance. • How to understand the overall system architecture and the capabilities of ground segment elements - hubs and remote terminals - to integrate with the payload, constellation and end-to-end system. • From this course you will obtain the knowledge, skill and ability to configure a communications payload based on its service requirements and technical features. You will understand the engineering processes and device characteristics that determine how the payload is put together and operates in a state - of - the - art telecommunications system to meet user needs. Course Outline 1. Communications Payloads and Service Requirements. Bandwidth, coverage, services and applications; RF link characteristics and appropriate use of link budgets; bent pipe payloads using passive and active components; specific demands for broadband data, IP over satellite, mobile communications and service availability; principles for using digital processing in system architecture, and on-board processor examples at L band (non-GEO and GEO) and Ka band. 2. Systems Engineering to Meet Service Requirements. Transmission engineering of the satellite link and payload (modulation and FEC, standards such as DVB-S2 and Adaptive Coding and Modulation, ATM and IP routing in space); optimizing link and payload design through consideration of traffic distribution and dynamics, link margin, RF interference and frequency coordination requirements. 3. Bent-pipe Repeater Design. Example of a detailed block and level diagram, design for low noise amplification, down-conversion design, IMUX and band-pass filtering, group delay and gain slope, AGC and linearizaton, power amplification (SSPA and TWTA, linearization and parallel combining), OMUX and design for high power/multipactor, redundancy switching and reliability assessment. 4. Spacecraft Antenna Design and Performance. Fixed reflector systems (offset parabola, Gregorian, Cassegrain) feeds and feed systems, movable and reconfigurable antennas; shaped reflectors; linear and circular polarization. 5. Communications Payload Performance Budgeting. Gain to Noise Temperature Ratio (G/T), Saturation Flux Density (SFD), and Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP); repeater gain/loss budgeting; frequency stability and phase noise; third-order intercept (3ICP), gain flatness, group delay; non-linear phase shift (AM/PM); out of band rejection and amplitude non-linearity (C3IM and NPR). 6. On-board Digital Processor Technology. A/D and D/A conversion, digital signal processing for typical channels and formats (FDMA, TDMA, CDMA); demodulation and remodulation, multiplexing and packet switching; static and dynamic beam forming; design requirements and service impacts. 7. Multi-beam Antennas. Fixed multi-beam antennas using multiple feeds, feed layout and isloation; phased array approaches using reflectors and direct radiating arrays; on- board versus ground-based beamforming. 8. RF Interference and Spectrum Management Considerations. Unraveling the FCC and ITU international regulatory and coordination process; choosing frequency bands that address service needs; development of regulatory and frequency coordination strategy based on successful case studies. 9. Ground Segment Selection and Optimization. Overall architecture of the ground segment: satellite TT&C and communications services; earth station and user terminal capabilities and specifications (fixed and mobile); modems and baseband systems; selection of appropriate antenna based on link requirements and end-user/platform considerations. 10. Earth station and User Terminal Tradeoffs: RF tradeoffs (RF power, EIRP, G/T); network design for provision of service (star, mesh and hybrid networks); portability and mobility. 11. Performance and Capacity Assessment. Determining capacity requirements in terms of bandwidth, power and network operation; selection of the air interface (multiple access, modulation and coding); interfaces with satellite and ground segment; relationship to available standards in current use and under development. 12. Advanced Concepts for Inter-satellite Links and System Verification. Requirements for inter-satellite links in communications and tracking applications. RF technology at Ka and Q bands; optical laser innovations that are applied to satellite-to-satellite and satellite-to-ground links. Innovations in verification of payload and ground segment performance and operation; where and how to review sources of available technology and software to evaluate subsystem and system performance; guidelines for overseeing development and evaluating alternate technologies and their sources. Video!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 5 Instructor Tom Sarafin has worked full time in the space industry since 1979. He worked over 13 years at Martin Marietta Astronautics, where he contributed to and led activities in structural analysis, design, and test, mostly for large spacecraft. Since founding Instar in 1993, he’s consulted for NASA, DigitalGlobe, Lockheed Martin, AeroAstro, and other organizations. He’s helped the U. S. Air Force Academy design, develop, and verify a series of small satellites and has been an advisor to DARPA. He was a member of the core team that developed NASA-STD-5020 and continues to serve on that team to help address issues with threaded fasteners at NASA. He is the editor and principal author of Spacecraft Structures and Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch and is a contributing author to Space Mission Analysis and Design. Since 1995, he has taught over 150 courses to more than 3000 engineers and managers in the space industry. October 22-24, 2013 Littleton, Colorado $1690 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary Just about everyone involved in developing hardware for space missions (or any other purpose, for that matter) has been affected by problems with mechanical joints. Common problems include structural failure, fatigue, unwanted and unpredicted loss of stiffness, joint slipping or loss of alignment, fastener loosening, material mismatch, incompatibility with the space environment, mis-drilled holes, time-consuming and costly assembly, and inability to disassemble when needed. The objectives of this course are to. • Build an understanding of how bolted joints behave and how they fail. • Impart effective processes, methods, and standards for design and analysis, drawing on a mix of theory, empirical data, and practical experience. • Share guidelines, rules of thumb, and valuable references. • Help you understand the new NASA-STD-5020. The course includes many examples and class problems. Participants should bring calculators. Design and Analysis of Bolted Joints For Aerospace Engineers Course Outline 1. Overview of Designing Fastened Joints. Common problems with structural joints. A process for designing a structural joint. Identifying functional requirements. Selecting the method of attachment. General design guidelines. Introduction to NASA-STD-5020. Key definitions per NASA- STD-5020. Top-level requirements. Factors of safety, fitting factors, and margin of safety. Establishing design standards and criteria. The importance of preload. 2. Introduction to Threaded Fasteners. Brief history of screw threads. Terminology and specification. Tensile-stress area. Are fine threads better than coarse threads? 3. Developing a Concept for the Joint. General types of joints and fasteners. Configuring the joint. Designing a stiff joint. Shear clips and tension clips. Avoiding problems with fixed fasteners. 4. Calculating Fastener Loads. How a preloaded joint carries load. Temporarily ignoring preload. Other common assumptions and their limitations. An effective process for calculating bolt loads in a compact joint. Examples. Estimating fastener loads for skins and panels. 5. Failure Modes, Assessment Methods, and Design Guidelines. An effective process for strength analysis. Bolt tension, shear, and interaction. Tension joints. Shear joints. Identifying potential failure modes. Fastening composite materials. 6. Thread Shear and Pull-out Strength. How threads fail. Computing theoretical shear engagement areas. Including a knock-down factor. Test results. 7. Selecting Hardware and Detailing the Design. Selecting compatible materials. Selecting the nut: ensuring strength compatibility. Common types of threaded inserts. Use of washers. Selecting fastener length and grip. Recommended fastener hole sizes. Guidelines for simplifying assembly. Establishing bolt preload. Torque-preload relationships. Locking features and NASA-STD-5020. Recommendations for establishing and maintaining preload. 8. Mechanics of a Preloaded Joint. Mechanics of a preloaded joint under applied tension. Estimating bolt stiffness and clamp stiffness. Understanding the loading-plane factor. Worst case for steel-aluminum combination. Key conclusions regarding load sharing. Effects of bolt ductility. How temperature change affects preload. 9. Analysis Criteria in NASA-STD-5020. Objectives and summary. Calculating maximum and minimum preloads. Tensile loading: ultimate-strength analysis Separation analysis. Tensile loading: yield-strength analysis. Shear loading: ultimate-strength analysis. Shear loading: ultimate- strength analysis. Shear loading: joint-slip analysis. Revisiting the bolt fatigue and fracture requirement. 10. Summary. Recent attendee comments ... “It was a fantastic course?one of the most useful short courses I have ever taken.” “Interaction between instructor and experienced designers (in the class) was priceless.” “(The) examples (and) stories from industry were invaluable.” “Everyone at NASA should take this course!” “(What I found most useful:) strong emphasis on understanding physical principles vs. blindly applying textbook formulas.” (What you would tell others) “Take it!” “You need to take it.” “Take it. Tell everyone you know to take it.” “Excellent instructor. Great lessons learned on failure modes shown from testing.” “A must course for structural/mechanical engineers and anyone who has ever questioned the assumptions in bolt analysis” “Well-researched, well-designed course.” “Kudos to you for spreading knowledge!”
  • 6 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Earth Station Design, Implementation, Operation and Maintenance for Satellite Communications Course Outline 1. Ground Segment and Earth Station Technical Aspects. Evolution of satellite communication earth stations— teleports and hubs • Earth station design philosophy for performance and operational effectiveness • Engineering principles • Propagation considerations • The isotropic source, line of sight, antenna principles • Atmospheric effects: troposphere (clear air and rain) and ionosphere (Faraday and scintillation) • Rain effects and rainfall regions • Use of the DAH and Crane rain models • Modulation systems (QPSK, OQPSK, MSK, GMSK, 8PSK, 16 QAM, and 32 APSK) • Forward error correction techniques (Viterbi, Reed-Solomon, Turbo, and LDPC codes) • Transmission equation and its relationship to the link budget • Radio frequency clearance and interference consideration • RFI prediction techniques • Antenna sidelobes (ITU-R Rec 732) • Interference criteria and coordination • Site selection • RFI problem identification and resolution. 2. Major Earth Station Engineering. RF terminal design and optimization. Antennas for major earth stations (fixed and tracking, LP and CP) • Upconverter and HPA chain (SSPA, TWTA, and KPA) • LNA/LNB and downconverter chain. Optimization of RF terminal configuration and performance (redundancy, power combining, and safety) • Baseband equipment configuration and integration • Designing and verifying the terrestrial interface • Station monitor and control • Facility design and implementation • Prime power and UPS systems. Developing environmental requirements (HVAC) • Building design and construction • Grounding and lightening control. 3. Hub Requirements and Supply. Earth station uplink and downlink gain budgets • EIRP budget • Uplink gain budget and equipment requirements • G/T budget • Downlink gain budget • Ground segment supply process • Equipment and system specifications • Format of a Request for Information • Format of a Request for Proposal • Proposal evaluations • Technical comparison criteria • Operational requirements • Cost-benefit and total cost of ownership. 4. Link Budget Analysis using SatMaster Tool . Standard ground rules for satellite link budgets • Frequency band selection: L, S, C, X, Ku, and Ka. Satellite footprints (EIRP, G/T, and SFD) and transponder plans • Introduction to the user interface of SatMaster • File formats: antenna pointing, database, digital link budget, and regenerative repeater link budget • Built-in reference data and calculators • Example of a digital one-way link budget (DVB-S) using equations and SatMaster • Transponder loading and optimum multi-carrier backoff • Review of link budget optimization techniques using the program’s built-in features • Minimize required transponder resources • Maximize throughput • Minimize receive dish size • Minimize transmit power • Example: digital VSAT network with multi-carrier operation • Hub optimization using SatMaster. 5. Earth Terminal Maintenance Requirements and Procedures. Outdoor systems • Antennas, mounts and waveguide • Field of view • Shelter, power and safety • Indoor RF and IF systems • Vendor requirements by subsystem • Failure modes and routine testing. 6. VSAT Basseband Hub Maintenance Requirements and Procedures. IF and modem equipment • Performance evaluation • Test procedures • TDMA control equipment and software • Hardware and computers • Network management system • System software 7. Hub Procurement and Operation Case Study. General requirements and life-cycle • Block diagram • Functional division into elements for design and procurement • System level specifications • Vendor options • Supply specifications and other requirements • RFP definition • Proposal evaluation • O&M planning Summary This intensive four-day course is intended for satellite communications engineers, earth station design professionals, and operations and maintenance managers and technical staff. The course provides a proven approach to the design of modern earth stations, from the system level down to the critical elements that determine the performance and reliability of the facility. We address the essential technical properties in the baseband and RF, and delve deeply into the block diagram, budgets and specification of earth stations and hubs. Also addressed are practical approaches for the procurement and implementation of the facility, as well as proper practices for O&M and testing throughout the useful life. The overall methodology assures that the earth station meets its requirements in a cost effective and manageable manner. Each student will receive a copy of Bruce R. Elbert’s text The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Engineering Handbook, Artech House, 2001. Instructor Bruce R. Elbert, (MSEE, MBA) is president of an independent satellite communications consulting firm. He is a recognized satellite communications expert and has been involved in the satellite and telecommunications industries for over 40 years. He founded ATSI to assist major private and public sector organizations that develop and operate digital video and broadband networks using satellite technologies and services. During 25 years with Hughes Electronics, he directed the design of several major satellite projects, including Palapa A, Indonesia’s original satellite system; the Galaxy follow-on system (the largest and most successful satellite TV system in the world); and the development of the first GEO mobile satellite system capable of serving handheld user terminals. Mr. Elbert was also ground segment manager for the Hughes system, which included eight teleports and 3 VSAT hubs. He served in the US Army Signal Corps as a radio communications officer and instructor. By considering the technical, business, and operational aspects of satellite systems, Mr. Elbert has contributed to the operational and economic success of leading organizations in the field. He has written seven books on telecommunications and IT, including Introduction to Satellite Communication, Third Edition (Artech House, 2008). The Satellite Communication Applications Handbook, Second Edition (Artech House, 2004); The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth Station Handbook (Artech House, 2001), the course text. January 6-9, 2014 Houston, Texas $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 7 Ground Systems Design and Operation Summary This three-day course provides a practical introduction to all aspects of ground system design and operation. Starting with basic communications principles, an understanding is developed of ground system architectures and system design issues. The function of major ground system elements is explained, leading to a discussion of day-to-day operations. The course concludes with a discussion of current trends in Ground System design and operations. This course is intended for engineers, technical managers, and scientists who are interested in acquiring a working understanding of ground systems as an introduction to the field or to help broaden their overall understanding of space mission systems and mission operations. It is also ideal for technical professionals who need to use, manage, operate, or purchase a ground system. Instructor Steve Gemeny is Director of Engineering for Syntonics. Formerly Senior Member of the Professional Staff at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where he served as Ground Station Lead for the TIMED mission to explore Earth’s atmosphere and Lead Ground System Engineer on the New Horizons mission to explore Pluto by 2020. Prior to joining the Applied Physics Laboratory, Mr. Gemeny held numerous engineering and technical sales positions with Orbital Sciences Corporation, Mobile TeleSystems Inc. and COMSAT Corporation beginning in 1980. Mr. Gemeny is an experienced professional in the field of Ground Station and Ground System design in both the commercial world and on NASA Science missions with a wealth of practical knowledge spanning more than three decades. Mr. Gemeny delivers his experiences and knowledge to his students with an informative and entertaining presentation style. What You Will Learn • The fundamentals of ground system design, architecture and technology. • Cost and performance tradeoffs in the spacecraft-to- ground communications link. • Cost and performance tradeoffs in the design and implementation of a ground system. • The capabilities and limitations of the various modulation types (FM, PSK, QPSK). • The fundamentals of ranging and orbit determination for orbit maintenance. • Basic day-to-day operations practices and procedures for typical ground systems. • Current trends and recent experiences in cost and schedule constrained operations. November 11-13, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. The Link Budget. An introduction to basic communications system principles and theory; system losses, propagation effects, Ground Station performance, and frequency selection. 2. Ground System Architecture and System Design. An overview of ground system topology providing an introduction to ground system elements and technologies. 3. Ground System Elements. An element by element review of the major ground station subsystems, explaining roles, parameters, limitations, tradeoffs, and current technology. 4. Figure of Merit (G/T). An introduction to the key parameter used to characterize satellite ground station performance, bringing all ground station elements together to form a complete system. 5. Modulation Basics. An introduction to modulation types, signal sets, analog and digital modulation schemes, and modulator - demodulator performance characteristics. 6. Ranging and Tracking. A discussion of ranging and tracking for orbit determination. 7. Ground System Networks and Standards. A survey of several ground system networks and standards with a discussion of applicability, advantages, disadvantages, and alternatives. 8. Ground System Operations. A discussion of day-to-day operations in a typical ground system including planning and staffing, spacecraft commanding, health and status monitoring, data recovery, orbit determination, and orbit maintenance. 9. Trends in Ground System Design. A discussion of the impact of the current cost and schedule constrained approach on Ground System design and operation, including COTS hardware and software systems, autonomy, and unattended “lights out” operations.
  • 8 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Instructor For more than 30 years, Thomas S. Logsdon, has conducted broadranging studies on orbital mechanics at McDonnell Douglas, Boeing Aerospace, and Rockwell International His key research projects have included Project Apollo, the Skylab capsule, the nuclear flight stage and the GPS radionavigation system. Mr. Logsdon has taught 300 short course and lectured in 31 different countries on six continents. He has written 40 technical papers and journal articles and 29 technical books including Striking It Rich in Space, Orbital Mechanics: Theory and Applications, Understanding the Navstar, and Mobile Communication Satellites. What You Will Learn • How do we launch a satellite into orbit and maneuver it into a new location? • How do today’s designers fashion performance-optimal constellations of satellites swarming the sky? • How do planetary swingby maneuvers provide such amazing gains in performance? • How can we design the best multi-stage rocket for a particular mission? • What are libration point orbits? Were they really discovered in 1772? How do we place satellites into halo orbits circling around these empty points in space? • What are JPL’s superhighways in space? How were they discovered? How are they revolutionizing the exploration of space? Course Outline 1. The Essence of Astrodynamics. Kepler’s amazing laws. Newton’s clever generalizations. Launch azimuths and ground-trace geometry. Orbital perturbations. 2. Satellite Orbits. Isaac Newton’s vis viva equation. Orbital energy and angular momentum. Gravity wells. The six classical Keplerian orbital elements. 3. Rocket Propulsion Fundamentals. The rocket equation. Building efficient liquid and solid rockets. Performance calculations. Multi-stage rocket design. 4. Modern Booster Rockets. Russian boosters on parade. The Soyuz rocket and its economies of scale. Russian and American design philosophies. America’s powerful new Falcon 9. Sleek rockets and highly reliable cars. 5. Powered Flight Maneuvers. The Hohmann transfer maneuver. Multi-impulse and low-thrust maneuvers. Plane-change maneuvers. The bi-elliptic transfer. Relative motion plots. Deorbiting spent stages. Planetary swingby maneuvers. 6. Optimal Orbit Selection. Polar and sun synchronous orbits. Geostationary satellites and their on-orbit perturbations. ACE-orbit constellations. Libration point orbits. Halo orbits. Interplanetary spacecraft trajectories. Mars-mission opportunities. Deep-space mission. 7. Constellation Selection Trades. Civilian and military constellations. John Walker’s rosette configurations. John Draim’s constellations. Repeating ground-trace orbits. Earth coverage simulations. 8. Cruising Along JPL’s Superhighways in Space. Equipotential surfaces and 3-dimensional manifolds. Perfecting and executing the Genesis mission. Capturing ancient stardust in space. Simulating thick bundles of chaotic trajectories. Driving along tomorrow’s unpaved freeways in the sky. Orbital & Launch Mechanics-Fundamentals Ideas and Insights Summary Award-winning rocket scientist, Thomas S. Logsdon really enjoys teaching this short course because everything about orbital mechanics is counterintuitive. Fly your spacecraft into a 100-mile circular orbit. Put on the brakes and your spacecraft speeds up! Mash down the accelerator and it slows down! Throw a banana peel out the window and 45 minutes later it will come back and slap you in the face! In this comprehensive 4-day short course, Mr. Logsdon uses 400 clever color graphics to clarify these and a dozen other puzzling mysteries associated with orbital mechanics. He also provides you with a few simple one-page derivations using real-world inputs to illustrate all the key concepts being explored Each Student willreceive a free GPSreceiver with color mapdisplays! December 9-12, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 9 What You Will Learn • How do commercial satellites fit into the telecommunications industry? • How are satellites planned, built, launched, and operated? • How do earth stations function? • What is a link budget and why is it important? • What is radio frequency interference (RFI) and how does it affect links? • What legal and regulatory restrictions affect the industry? • What are the issues and trends driving the industry? Instructor Dr. Mark R. Chartrand is a consultant and lecturer in satellite telecommunications and the space sciences. Since 1984 he has presented professional seminars on satellite technology and space sciences to individuals and businesses in the United States, Canada, Latin America, Europe, and Asia. Among the many companies and organizations to which he has presented this course are Intelsat, Inmarsat, Asiasat, Boeing, Lockheed Martin, PanAmSat, ViaSat, SES, Andrew Corporation, Alcatel Espace, the EU telecommunications directorate, the Canadian Space Agency, ING Bank, NSA, FBI, and DISA. Dr. Chartrand has served as a technical and/or business consultant to NASA, Arianespace, GTE Spacenet, Intelsat, Antares Satellite Corp., Moffett-Larson-Johnson, Arianespace, Delmarva Power, Hewlett-Packard, and the International Communications Satellite Society of Japan, among others. He has appeared as an invited expert witness before Congressional subcommittees and was an invited witness before the National Commission On Space. He was the founding editor and the Editor-in-Chief of the annual The World Satellite Systems Guide, and later the publication Strategic Directions in Satellite Communication. He is author of seven books, including an introductory textbook on satellite communications, and of hundreds of articles in the space sciences. He has been chairman of several international satellite conferences, and a speaker at many others. Course Outline 1. Satellite Services, Markets, and Regulation. Introduction and historical background. The place of satellites in the global telecommunications market. Major competitors and satellites strengths and weaknesses. Satellite services and markets. Satellite system operators. Satellite economics. Satellite regulatory issues: role of the ITU, FCC, etc. Spectrum issues. Licensing issues and process. Satellite system design overview. Satellite service definitions: BSS, FSS, MSS, RDSS, RNSS. The issue of government use of commercial satellites. Satellite real-world issues: security, accidental and intentional interference, regulations. State of the industry and recent develpments. Useful sources of information on satellite technology and the satellite industry. 2. Communications Fundamentals. Basic definitions and measurements: channels, circuits, half-circuits, decibels. The spectrum and its uses: properties of waves, frequency bands, space loss, polarization, bandwidth. Analog and digital signals. Carrying information on waves: coding, modulation, multiplexing, networks and protocols. Satellite frequency bands. Signal quality, quantity, and noise: measures of signal quality; noise and interference; limits to capacity; advantages of digital versus analog. The interplay of modulation, bandwidth, datarate, and error correction. 3. The Space Segment. Basic functions of a satellite. The space environment: gravity, radiation, meteoroids and space debris. Orbits: types of orbits; geostationary orbits; non- geostationary orbits. Orbital slots, frequencies, footprints, and coverage: slots; satellite spacing; eclipses; sun interference, adjacent satellite interference. Launch vehicles; the launch campaign; launch bases. Satellite systems and construction: structure and busses; antennas; power; thermal control; stationkeeping and orientation; telemetry and command. What transponders are and what they do. Advantages and disadvantages of hosted payloads. Satellite operations: housekeeping and communications. High-throughput and processing satellites. Satellite security issues. 4. The Ground Segment. Earth stations: types, hardware, mountings, and pointing. Antenna properties: gain; directionality; sidelobes and legal limits on sidelobe gain. Space loss, electronics, EIRP, and G/T: LNA-B-C’s; signal flow through an earth station. The growing problem of accidental and intentional interference. 5. The Satellite Earth Link. Atmospheric effects on signals: rain effects and rain climate models; rain fade margins. The most important calculation: link budgets, C/N and Eb/No. Link budget examples. Improving link budgets. Sharing satellites: multiple access techniques: SDMA, FDMA, TDMA, PCMA, CDMA; demand assignment; on-board multiplexing. Signal security issues. Conclusion: industry issues, trends, and the future. Satellite Communications An Essential Introduction Summary This three-day (or four-day virtual ) course has been taught to thousands of industry professionals for almost thirty years, in public sessions and on-site to almost every major satellite manufacturer and operator, to rave reviews. The course is intended primarily for non-technical people who must understand the entire field of commercial satellite communications (including their increasing use by government agencies), and by those who must understand and communicate with engineers and other technical personnel. The secondary audience is technical personnel moving into the industry who need a quick and thorough overview of what is going on in the industry, and who need an example of how to communicate with less technical individuals. The course is a primer to the concepts, jargon, buzzwords, and acronyms of the industry, plus an overview of commercial satellite communications hardware, operations, business and regulatory environment. Concepts are explained at a basic level, minimizing the use of math, and providing real-world examples. Several calculations of important concepts such as link budgets are presented for illustrative purposes, but the details need not be understood in depth to gain an understanding of the concepts illustrated. The first section provides non-technical people with an overview of the business issues, including major operators, regulation and legal issues, security issues and issues and trends affecting the industry. The second section provides the technical background in a way understandable to non-technical audiences. The third and fourth sections cover the space and terrestrial parts of the industry. The last section deals with the space-to-Earth link, culminating with the importance of the link budget and multiple-access techniques. Attendees use a workbook of all the illustrations used in the course, as well as a copy of the instructor's textbook, Satellite Communications for the Non-Specialist. Plenty of time is allotted for questions October 1-3, 2013 Columbia, Maryland (8:30am - 4:30pm) December 2-5, 2013 LIVE Instructor-led Virtual (Noon - 4:30pm) $1845 "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video!
  • 10 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Course Outline 1. Mission Analysis. Kepler’s laws. Circular and elliptical satellite orbits. Altitude regimes. Period of revolution. Geostationary Orbit. Orbital elements. Ground trace. 2. Earth-Satellite Geometry. Azimuth and elevation. Slant range. Coverage area. 3. Signals and Spectra. Properties of a sinusoidal wave. Synthesis and analysis of an arbitrary waveform. Fourier Principle. Harmonics. Fourier series and Fourier transform. Frequency spectrum. 4. Methods of Modulation. Overview of modulation. Carrier. Sidebands. Analog and digital modulation. Need for RF frequencies. 5. Analog Modulation. Amplitude Modulation (AM). Frequency Modulation (FM). 6. Digital Modulation. Analog to digital conversion. BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK FSK, QAM. Coherent detection and carrier recovery. NRZ and RZ pulse shapes. Power spectral density. ISI. Nyquist pulse shaping. Raised cosine filtering. 7. Bit Error Rate. Performance objectives. Eb/No. Relationship between BER and Eb/No. Constellation diagrams. Why do BPSK and QPSK require the same power? 8. Coding. Shannon’s theorem. Code rate. Coding gain. Methods of FEC coding. Hamming, BCH, and Reed- Solomon block codes. Convolutional codes. Viterbi and sequential decoding. Hard and soft decisions. Concatenated coding. Turbo coding. Trellis coding. 9. Bandwidth. Equivalent (noise) bandwidth. Occupied bandwidth. Allocated bandwidth. Relationship between bandwidth and data rate. Dependence of bandwidth on methods of modulation and coding. Tradeoff between bandwidth and power. Emerging trends for bandwidth efficient modulation. 10. The Electromagnetic Spectrum. Frequency bands used for satellite communication. ITU regulations. Fixed Satellite Service. Direct Broadcast Service. Digital Audio Radio Service. Mobile Satellite Service. 11. Earth Stations. Facility layout. RF components. Network Operations Center. Data displays. 12. Antennas. Antenna patterns. Gain. Half power beamwidth. Efficiency. Sidelobes. 13. System Temperature. Antenna temperature. LNA. Noise figure. Total system noise temperature. 14. Satellite Transponders. Satellite communications payload architecture. Frequency plan. Transponder gain. TWTA and SSPA. Amplifier characteristics. Nonlinearity. Intermodulation products. SFD. Backoff. 15. Multiple Access Techniques. Frequency division multiple access (FDMA). Time division multiple access (TDMA). Code division multiple access (CDMA) or spread spectrum. Capacity estimates. 16. Polarization. Linear and circular polarization. Misalignment angle. 17. Rain Loss. Rain attenuation. Crane rain model. Effect on G/T. 18. The RF Link. Decibel (dB) notation. Equivalent isotropic radiated power (EIRP). Figure of Merit (G/T). Free space loss. Power flux density. Carrier to noise ratio. The RF link equation. 19. Link Budgets. Communications link calculations. Uplink, downlink, and composite performance. Link budgets for single carrier and multiple carrier operation. Detailed worked examples. 20. Performance Measurements. Satellite modem. Use of a spectrum analyzer to measure bandwidth, C/N, and Eb/No. Comparison of actual measurements with theory using a mobile antenna and a geostationary satellite. Instructor Chris DeBoy- leads the RF Engineering Group in the Space Department at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, and is a member of APL’s Principal Professional Staff. He has over 20 years of experience in satellite communications, from systems engineering (he is the lead RF communications engineer for the New Horizons Mission to Pluto) to flight hardware design for both low- Earth orbit and deep-space missions. He holds a BSEE from Virginia Tech, a Master’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Johns Hopkins, and teaches the satellite communications course for the Johns Hopkins University Satellite Communications Design & Engineering A comprehensive, quantitative tutorial designed for satellite professionals October 15-17, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1890 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video! Summary This three-day (or four-day virtual) course is designed for satellite communications engineers, spacecraft engineers, and managers who want to obtain an understanding of the "big picture" of satellite communications. Each topic is illustrated by detailed worked numerical examples, using published data for actual satellite communications systems. The course is technically oriented and includes mathematical derivations of the fundamental equations. It will enable the participants to perform their own satellite link budget calculations. The course will especially appeal to those whose objective is to develop quantitative computational skills in addition to obtaining a qualitative familiarity with the basic concepts. What You Will Learn • A comprehensive understanding of satellite communication. • An understanding of basic vocabulary. • A quantitative knowledge of basic relationships. • Ability to perform and verify link budget calculations. • Ability to interact meaningfully with colleagues and independently evaluate system designs. • A background to read the literature. NewlyUpdated!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 11 Satellite Communications-IP Networking Performance & Effiency Summary This two-day course is designed for satellite engineers and managers in military, government and industry who need to increase their understanding of how Internet Protocols (IP) can be used to efficiently transmit mission-critical converged traffic over satellites. Satellites extend the reach of the Internet and mission-critical Intranets. New generation, high throughput satellites provide efficient transport for IP. With these benefits come challenges. Satellite delay and bit errors can impact performance. Satellite links must be integrated with terrestrial networks. IP protocols and encryption create overheads. Space segment is expensive. This course explains techniques that mitigate these challenges, including traffic engineering, quality of service, WAN optimization devices, TDMA DAMA to capture statistical multiplexing gains, improved satellite modulation and coding. Quantitative techniques for understanding throughput and response time are presented. Detailed case histories illustrate methods for optimizing the design of converged real-world networks to produce responsive networks while minimizing the use and cost of satellite resources. Course Outline 1. Introduction. 2. Overview of Data Networking and Internet Protocols. The Internet Protocol (IP). Impact of bit errors and propagation delay on TCP-based applications. Introduction to higher level services. NAT and tunneling.. Impact of IP Version 6. Impact of IP overheads. 3. Quality of Service Issues in the Internet. QoS factors for streams and files. Performance of voice over IP and video. Response time for web object retrievals. Priority processing and packet discard in routers. Caching and performance enhancement. Use of WAN optimizers to reduce impact of data redundancies, IP overheads and satellite delay. Impact of encryption in IP networks. 4. Satellite Data Networking Architectures. GEO and LEO satellites. The link budget, modulation and coding techniques. Methods for improving satellite link efficiency (bits per second/Hz)–including adaptive coding and modulation (ACM) and overlapped carriers. Point to Point, Point to Multipoint using satellite hubs. Shared outbound carriers incorporating DVB. Return channels for shared outbound systems: TDMA, CDMA, Aloha, DVB/RCS. Full mesh networks. Military, commercial standards for DAMA systems. The JIPM IP modem and other advanced modems. 5. System Design Issues. Mission critical Intranet issues including asymmetric routing, reliable multicast, impact of user mobility. Comm. on the move vs. comm. on the halt. 6. Predicting Performance in Mission Critical Networks. Queuing models to help predict response time based on workload, performance requirements and channel rates. Single server, priority queues and multiple server queues. 7. Design Case Histories Integrating voice and data requirements in mission-critical networks using TDMA/DAMA. Determine how to wring out data redundancies. Create statistical multiplexing gains by use of TDMA DAMA. Optimize space segment requirements using link budget tradeoffs. Determine savings that can accrue from ACM. 8. A View of the Future. Impact of Ka-band and spot beam satellites. Benefits and issues associated with Onboard Processing. Descriptions of current and proposed commercial and military satellite systems including MUOS, GBS and the new generation of commercial high throughput satellites (e.g. ViaSat 1, Jupiter). Low-cost ground station technology. January 26-28, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1150 (8:30 - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Instructor Burt H. Liebowitz is Principal Network Engineer at the MITRE Corporation, specializing in the analysis of wireless services. He has more than 30 years experience in computer networking, the last ten of which have focused on Internet-over-satellite services in demanding military and commercial applications. He was President of NetSat Express Inc. Before that he was Chief Technical Officer for Loral Orion, responsible for Internet-over-satellite access products. Mr. Liebowitz has authored two books on distributed processing and numerous articles on computing and communications systems. He has lectured extensively on computer networking. He holds three patents for a satellite-based data networking system. Mr. Liebowitz has B.E.E. and M.S. in Mathematics degrees from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and an M.S.E.E. from Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. What You Will Learn • The impact of IP overheads and the off the shelf devices available to reduce this impact. These include WAN optimizers, voice and video compression, voice multiplexers, caching, satellite-based IP multicasting. • How to deploy Quality of Service (QoS) mechanisms and use traffic engineering to ensure maximum efficiency over satellite links. • How to use satellites as essential elements in mission critical data networks. • How to understand and overcome the impact of propagation delay and bit errors on throughput and response time in satellite- based IP networks. • Impact of new coding and modulation techniques on bandwidth efficiency – more bits per second per hertz. • How to use statistical multiplexing to reduce the cost and amount of satellite resources that support converged voice, video, data networks with strict performance requirements. • Link budget tradeoffs in the design of TDM/TDMA DAMA networks. • The impact on cost and performance of new technology, such as LEOs, Ka band, on-board processing, inter-satellite links, traffic optimization devices, high through put satellites such as Jupiter, Viasat-1. After taking this course you will understand how to implement highly efficient satellite-based networks that provide Internet access, multicast content delivery services, and mission-critical Intranet services to users around the world..
  • 12 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 January 21-23, 2014 Cocoa Beach, Florida XXXX 3-5, 2013 LIVE Instructor-led Virtual (Noon - 4:30pm) $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course covers all the technology of advanced satellite communications as well as the principles behind current state-of-the-art satellite communications equipment. New and promising technologies will be covered to develop an understanding of the major approaches. Network topologies, VSAT, and IP networking over satellite. Instructor Dr. John Roach is a leading authority in satellite communications with 35+ years in the SATCOM industry. He has worked on many development projects both as employee and consultant / contractor. His experience has focused on the systems engineering of state-of-the-art system developments, military and commercial, from the worldwide architectural level to detailed terminal tradeoffs and designs. He has been an adjunct faculty member at Florida Institute of Technology where he taught a range of graduate comm- unications courses. He has also taught SATCOM short courses all over the US and in London and Toronto, both publicly and in-house for both government and commercial organizations. In addition, he has been an expert witness in patent, trade secret, and government contracting cases. Dr. Roach has a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Georgia Tech. Advanced Satellite Communications Systems: Survey of Current and Emerging Digital Systems. Course Outline 1. Introduction to SATCOM. History and overview. Examples of current military and commercial systems. 2. Satellite orbits and transponder characteristics. 3. Traffic Connectivities: Mesh, Hub-Spoke, Point-to-Point, Broadcast. 4. Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA, TDMA, CDMA, Random Access. DAMA and Bandwidth-on- Demand. 5. Communications Link Calculations. Definition of EIRP, G/T, Eb/No. Noise Temperature and Figure. Transponder gain and SFD. Link Budget Calculations. 6. Digital Modulation Techniques. BPSK, QPSK. Standard pulse formats and bandwidth. Nyquist signal shaping. Ideal BER performance. 7. PSK Receiver Design Techniques. Carrier recovery, phase slips, ambiguity resolution, differential coding. Optimum data detection, clock recovery, bit count integrity. 8. Overview of Error Correction Coding, Encryption, and Frame Synchronization. Standard FEC types. Coding Gain. 9. RF Components. HPA, SSPA, LNA, Up/down converters. Intermodulation, band limiting, oscillator phase noise. Examples of BER Degradation. 10. TDMA Networks. Time Slots. Preambles. Suitability for DAMA and BoD. 11. Characteristics of IP and TCP/UDP over satellite. Unicast and Multicast. Need for Performance Enhancing Proxy (PEP) techniques. 12. VSAT Networks and their system characteristics; DVB standards and MF-TDMA. 13. Earth Station Antenna types. Pointing / Tracking. Small antennas at Ku band. FCC - Intelsat - ITU antenna requirements and EIRP density limitations. 14. Spread Spectrum Techniques. Military use and commercial PSD spreading with DS PN systems. Acquisition and tracking. Frequency Hop systems. 15. Overview of Bandwidth Efficient Modulation (BEM) Techniques. M-ary PSK, Trellis Coded 8PSK, QAM. 16. Convolutional coding and Viterbi decoding. Concatenated coding. Turbo & LDPC coding. 17. Emerging Technology Developments and Future Trends. What You Will Learn • Major Characteristics of satellites. • Characteristics of satellite networks. • The tradeoffs between major alternatives in SATCOM system design. • SATCOM system tradeoffs and link budget analysis. • DAMA/BoD for FDMA, TDMA, and CDMA systems. • Critical RF parameters in terminal equipment and their effects on performance. • Technical details of digital receivers. • Tradeoffs among different FEC coding choices. • Use of spread spectrum for Comm-on-the-Move. • Characteristics of IP traffic over satellite. • Overview of bandwidth efficient modulation types. Satellite Communications Systems-Advanced Survey of Current and Emerging Digital Systems
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 13 Course Outline 1. Introduction. Brief historical background, RF/Optical comparison; basic Block diagrams; and applications overview. 2. Link Analysis. Parameters influencing the link; frequency dependence of noise; link performance comparison to RF; and beam profiles. 3. Laser Transmitter. Laser sources; semiconductor lasers; fiber amplifiers; amplitude modulation; phase modulation; noise figure; nonlinear effects; and coherent transmitters. 4. Modulation & Error Correction Encoding. PPM; OOK and binary codes; and forward error correction. 5. Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing. Requirements; acquisition scenarios; acquisition; point- ahead angles, pointing error budget; host platform vibration environment; inertial stabilization: trackers; passive/active isolation; gimbaled transceiver; and fast steering mirrors. 6. Opto-Mechanical Assembly. Transmit telescope; receive telescope; shared transmit/receive telescope; thermo-Optical-Mechanical stability. 7. Atmospheric Effects. Attenuation, beam wander; turbulence/scintillation; signal fades; beam spread; turbid; and mitigation techniques. 8. Detectors and Detections. Discussion of available photo-detectors noise figure; amplification; background radiation/ filtering; and mitigation techniques. Poisson photon counting; channel capacity; modulation schemes; detection statistics; and SNR / Bit error probability. Advantages / complexities of coherent detection; optical mixing; SNR, heterodyne and homodyne; laser linewidth. 9. Crosslinks and Networking. LEO-GEO & GEO- GEO; orbital clusters; and future/advanced. 10. Flight Qualification. Radiation environment; environmental testing; and test procedure. 11. Eye Safety. Regulations; classifications; wavelength dependence, and CDRH notices. 12. Cost Estimation. Methodology, models; and examples. 13. Terrestrial Optical Comm. Communications systems developed for terrestrial links. February 4-6, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course will provideThis course will provide an introduction and overview of laser communication principles and technologies for unguided, free-space beam propagation. Special emphasis is placed on highlighting the differences, as well as similarities to RF communications and other laser systems, and design issues and options relevant to future laser communication terminals. Who should attend Engineers, scientists, managers, or professionals who desire greater technical depth, or RF communication engineers who need to assess this competing technology. What You Will Learn • This course will provide you the knowledge and ability to perform basic satellite laser communication analysis, identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully with colleagues, evaluate systems, and understand the literature. • How is a laser-communication system superior to conventional technology? • How link performance is analyzed. • What are the options for acquisition, tracking and beam pointing? • What are the options for laser transmitters, receivers and optical systems. • What are the atmospheric effects on the beam and how to counter them. • What are the typical characteristics of laser- communication system hardware? • How to calculate mass, power and cost of flight systems. Instructor Hamid Hemmati, Ph.D. , is with the Jet propulsion laboratory (JPL), California Institute of Technology where he is a Principal member of staff and the Supervisor of the Optical Communications Group. Prior to joining JPL in 1986, he worked at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center and at the NIST (Boulder, CO) as a researcher. Dr. Hemmati has published over 40 journal and over 100 conference papers, holds seven patents, received 3 NASA Space Act Board Awards, and 36 NASA certificates of appreciation. He is a Fellow of SPIE and teaches optical communications courses at CSULA and the UCLA Extension. He is the editor and author of two books: “Deep Space Optical Communications” and “near-Earth Laser Communications”. Dr. Hemmati’s current research interests are in developing laser-communications technologies and systems for planetary and satellite communications, including: systems engineering for electro-optical systems, solid-state laser, particularly pulsed fiber lasers, flight qualification of optical and electro-optical systems and components; low-cost multi- meter diameter optical ground receiver telescope; active and adaptive optics; and laser beam acquisition, tracking and pointing. NEW! Satellite Laser Communications
  • 14 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Course Outline 1. Introduction. Spacecraft Subsystem Design, Orbital Mechanics, The Solar-Planetary Relationship, Space Weather. 2. The Vacuum Environment. Basic Description – Pressure vs. Altitude, Solar UV Radiation. 3. Vacuum Environment Effects. Pressure Differentials, Solar UV Degradation, Molecular Contamination, Particulate Contamination. 4. The Neutral Environment. Basic Atmospheric Physics, Elementary Kinetic Theory, Hydrostatic Equilibrium, Neutral Atmospheric Models. 5. Neutral Environment Effects. Aerodynamic Drag, Sputtering, Atomic Oxygen Attack, Spacecraft Glow. 6. The Plasma Environment. Basic Plasma Physics - Single Particle Motion, Debye Shielding, Plasma Oscillations. 7. Plasma Environment Effects. Spacecraft Charging, Arc Discharging, Effects on Instrumentation. 8. The Radiation Environment. Basic Radiation Physics, Stopping Charged Particles, Stopping Energetic Photons, Stopping Neutrons. 9. Radiation in Space. Trapped Radiation Belts, Solar Proton Events, Galactic Cosmic Rays, Hostile Environments. 10. Radiation Environment Effects. Total Dose Effects - Solar Cell Degradation, Electronics Degradation; Single Event Effects - Upset, Latchup, Burnout; Dose Rate Effects. 11. The Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris Environment. Hypervelocity Impact Physics, Micrometeoroids, Orbital Debris. 12. Additional Topics. Effects on Humans; Models and Tools; Available Internet Resources. Instructor Dr. Alan C. Tribble has provided space environments effects analysis to more than one dozen NASA, DoD, and commercial programs, including the International Space Station, the Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites, and several surveillance spacecraft. He holds a Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Iowa and has been twice a Principal Investigator for the NASA Space Environments and Effects Program. He is the author of four books, including the course text: The Space Environment - Implications for Space Design, and over 20 additional technical publications. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA, a Senior Member of the IEEE, and was previously an Associate Editor of the Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets. Dr. Tribble recently won the 2008 AIAA James A. Van Allen Space Environments Award. He has taught a variety of classes at the University of Southern California, California State University Long Beach, the University of Iowa, and has been teaching courses on space environments and effects since 1992. Who Should Attend: Engineers who need to know how to design systems with adequate performance margins, program managers who oversee spacecraft survivability tasks, and scientists who need to understand how environmental interactions can affect instrument performance. Review of the Course Text: “There is, to my knowledge, no other book that provides its intended readership with an comprehensive and authoritative, yet compact and accessible, coverage of the subject of spacecraft environmental engineering.” – James A. Van Allen, Regent Distinguished Professor, University of Iowa. January 27-28, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1245 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary Adverse interactions between the space environment and an orbiting spacecraft may lead to a degradation of spacecraft subsystem performance and possibly even loss of the spacecraft itself. This two-day course presents an introduction to the space environment and its effect on spacecraft. Emphasis is placed on problem solving techniques and design guidelines that will provide the student with an understanding of how space environment effects may be minimized through proactive spacecraft design. Each student will receive a copy of the course text, a complete set of course notes, including copies of all viewgraphs used in the presentation, and a comprehensive bibliography. “I got exactly what I wanted from this course – an overview of the spacecraft en- vironment. The charts outlining the inter- actions and synergism were excellent. The list of references is extensive and will be consulted often.” “Broad experience over many design teams allowed for excellent examples of applications of this information.” Space Environment – Implications for Spacecraft Design
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 15 Summary This four-day short course presents a systems perspective of structural engineering in the space industry. If you are an engineer involved in any aspect of spacecraft or launch–vehicle structures, regardless of your level of experience, you will benefit from this course. Subjects include functions, requirements development, environments, structural mechanics, loads analysis, stress analysis, fracture mechanics, finite–element modeling, configuration, producibility, verification planning, quality assurance, testing, and risk assessment. The objectives are to give the big picture of space-mission structures and improve your understanding of • Structural functions, requirements, and environments • How structures behave and how they fail • How to develop structures that are cost–effective and dependable for space missions Despite its breadth, the course goes into great depth in key areas, with emphasis on the things that are commonly misunderstood and the types of things that go wrong in the development of flight hardware. The instructor shares numerous case histories and experiences to drive the main points home. Calculators are required to work class problems. Each participant will receive a copy of the instructors’ 850-page reference book, Spacecraft Structures and Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch. Instructors Tom Sarafin has worked full time in the space industry since 1979, at Martin Marietta and Instar Engineering. Since founding an aerospace engineering firm in 1993, he has consulted for DigitalGlobe, AeroAstro, AFRL, and Design_Net Engineering. He has helped the U. S. Air Force Academy design, develop, and test a series of small satellites and has been an advisor to DARPA. He is the editor and principal author of Spacecraft Structures and Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch and is a contributing author to all three editions of Space Mission Analysis and Design. Since 1995, he has taught over 150 short courses to more than 3000 engineers and managers in the space industry. Poti Doukas worked at Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company (formerly Martin Marietta) from 1978 to 2006. He served as Engineering Manager for the Phoenix Mars Lander program, Mechanical Engineering Lead for the Genesis mission, Structures and Mechanisms Subsystem Lead for the Stardust program, and Structural Analysis Lead for the Mars Global Surveyor. He’s a contributing author to Space MissionAnalysis and Design (1st and 2nd editions) and to Spacecraft Structures and Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch. Testimonial "Excellent presentation—a reminder of how much fun engineering can be." Course Outline 1. Introduction to Space-Mission Structures. Structural functions and requirements, effects of the space environment, categories of structures, how launch affects things structurally, understanding verification, distinguishing between requirements and verification. 2. Review of Statics and Dynamics. Static equilibrium, the equation of motion, modes of vibration. 3. Launch Environments and How Structures Respond. Quasi-static loads, transient loads, coupled loads analysis, sinusoidal vibration, random vibration, acoustics, pyrotechnic shock. 4. Mechanics of Materials. Stress and strain, understanding material variation, interaction of stresses and failure theories, bending and torsion, thermoelastic effects, mechanics of composite materials, recognizing and avoiding weak spots in structures. 5. Strength Analysis: The margin of safety, verifying structural integrity is never based on analysis alone, an effective process for strength analysis, common pitfalls, recognizing potential failure modes, bolted joints, buckling. 6. Structural Life Analysis. Fatigue, fracture mechanics, fracture control. 7. Overview of Finite Element Analysis. Idealizing structures, introduction to FEA, limitations, strategies, quality assurance. 8. Preliminary Design. A process for preliminary design, example of configuring a spacecraft, types of structures, materials, methods of attachment, preliminary sizing, using analysis to design efficient structures. 9. Designing for Producibility. Guidelines for producibility, minimizing parts, designing an adaptable structure, designing to simplify fabrication, dimensioning and tolerancing, designing for assembly and vehicle integration. 10. Verification and Quality Assurance. The building-blocks approach to verification, verification methods and logic, approaches to product inspection, protoflight vs. qualification testing, types of structural tests and when they apply, designing an effective test. 11. A Case Study: Structural design, analysis, and test of The FalconSAT-2 Small Satellite. 12 Final Verification and Risk Assessment. Overview of final verification, addressing late problems, using estimated reliability to assess risks (example: negative margin of safety), making the launch decision. November 12-15, 2013 Littleton, Colorado $1990 (8:30am - 5:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Space Mission Structures: From Concept to Launch
  • 16 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Space Systems Fundamentals Summary This four-day course provides an overview of the fundamentals of concepts and technologies of modern spacecraft systems design. Satellite system and mission design is an essentially interdisciplinary sport that combines engineering, science, and external phenomena. We will concentrate on scientific and engineering foundations of spacecraft systems and interactions among various subsystems. Examples show how to quantitatively estimate various mission elements (such as velocity increments) and conditions (equilibrium temperature) and how to size major spacecraft subsystems (propellant, antennas, transmitters, solar arrays, batteries). Real examples are used to permit an understanding of the systems selection and trade-off issues in the design process. The fundamentals of subsystem technologies provide an indispensable basis for system engineering. The basic nomenclature, vocabulary, and concepts will make it possible to converse with understanding with subsystem specialists. The course is designed for engineers and managers who are involved in planning, designing, building, launching, and operating space systems and spacecraft subsystems and components. The extensive set of course notes provide a concise reference for understanding, designing, and operating modern spacecraft. The course will appeal to engineers and managers of diverse background and varying levels of experience. Instructor Dr. Mike Gruntman is Professor of Astronautics at the University of Southern California. He is a specialist in astronautics, space technology, sensors, and space physics. Gruntman participates in several theoretical and experimental programs in space science and space technology, including space missions. He authored and co-authored more 200 publications in various areas of astronautics, space physics, and instrumentation. What You Will Learn • Common space mission and spacecraft bus configurations, requirements, and constraints. • Common orbits. • Fundamentals of spacecraft subsystems and their interactions. • How to calculate velocity increments for typical orbital maneuvers. • How to calculate required amount of propellant. • How to design communications link. • How to size solar arrays and batteries. • How to determine spacecraft temperature. January 20-23, 2014 Albuquerque, New Mexico $1940 (9:00am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Space Missions And Applications. Science, exploration, commercial, national security. Customers. 2. Space Environment And Spacecraft Interaction. Universe, galaxy, solar system. Coordinate systems. Time. Solar cycle. Plasma. Geomagnetic field. Atmosphere, ionosphere, magnetosphere. Atmospheric drag. Atomic oxygen. Radiation belts and shielding. 3. Orbital Mechanics And Mission Design. Motion in gravitational field. Elliptic orbit. Classical orbit elements. Two-line element format. Hohmann transfer. Delta-V requirements. Launch sites. Launch to geostationary orbit. Orbit perturbations. Key orbits: geostationary, sun-synchronous, Molniya. 4. Space Mission Geometry. Satellite horizon, ground track, swath. Repeating orbits. 5. Spacecraft And Mission Design Overview. Mission design basics. Life cycle of the mission. Reviews. Requirements. Technology readiness levels. Systems engineering. 6. Mission Support. Ground stations. Deep Space Network (DSN). STDN. SGLS. Space Laser Ranging (SLR). TDRSS. 7. Attitude Determination And Control. Spacecraft attitude. Angular momentum. Environmental disturbance torques. Attitude sensors. Attitude control techniques (configurations). Spin axis precession. Reaction wheel analysis. 8. Spacecraft Propulsion. Propulsion requirements. Fundamentals of propulsion: thrust, specific impulse, total impulse. Rocket dynamics: rocket equation. Staging. Nozzles. Liquid propulsion systems. Solid propulsion systems. Thrust vector control. Electric propulsion. 9. Launch Systems. Launch issues. Atlas and Delta launch families. Acoustic environment. Launch system example: Delta II. 10. Space Communications. Communications basics. Electromagnetic waves. Decibel language. Antennas. Antenna gain. TWTA and SSA. Noise. Bit rate. Communication link design. Modulation techniques. Bit error rate. 11. Spacecraft Power Systems. Spacecraft power system elements. Orbital effects. Photovoltaic systems (solar cells and arrays). Radioisotope thermal generators (RTG). Batteries. Sizing power systems. 12. Thermal Control. Environmental loads. Blackbody concept. Planck and Stefan-Boltzmann laws. Passive thermal control. Coatings. Active thermal control. Heat pipes.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 17 Spacecraft Reliability, Quality Assurance, Integration & Testing Summary Quality assurance, reliability, and testing are critical elements in low-cost space missions. The selection of lower cost parts and the most effective use of redundancy require careful tradeoff analysis when designing new space missions. Designing for low cost and allowing prudent risk are new ways of doing business in today's cost-conscious environment. This course uses case studies and examples from recent space missions to pinpoint the key issues and tradeoffs in design, reviews, quality assurance, and testing of spacecraft. Lessons learned from past successes and failures are discussed and trends for future missions are highlighted. What You Will Learn • Why reliable design is so important and techniques for achieving it. • Dealing with today's issues of parts availability, radiation hardness, software reliability, process control, and human error. • Best practices for design reviews and configuration management. • Modern, efficient integration and test practices. Instructor Eric Hoffman has 40 years of space experience, including 19 years as the Chief Engineer of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory Space Department, which has designed and built 66 spacecraft and more than 200 instruments. His experience includes systems engineering, design integrity, performance assurance, and test standards. He has led many of APL's system and spacecraft conceptual designs and coauthored APL's quality assurance plans. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA and coauthor of Fundamentals of Space Systems. Recent attendee comments ... “Instructor demonstrated excellent knowledge of topics.” “Material was presented clearly and thoroughly. An incredible depth of expertise for our questions.” Course Outline 1. Spacecraft Systems Reliability and Assessment. Quality, reliability, and confidence levels. Reliability block diagrams and proper use of reliability predictions. Redundancy pro's and con's. Environmental stresses and derating. 2. Quality Assurance and Component Selection. Screening and qualification testing. Accelerated testing. Using plastic parts (PEMs) reliably. 3. Radiation and Survivability. The space radiation environment. Total dose. Stopping power. MOS response. Annealing and super-recovery. Displacement damage. 4. Single Event Effects. Transient upset, latch-up, and burn-out. Critical charge. Testing for single event effects. Upset rates. Shielding and other mitigation techniques. 5. ISO 9000. Process control through ISO 9001 and AS9100. 6. Software Quality Assurance and Testing. The magnitude of the software QA problem. Characteristics of good software process. Software testing and when is it finished? 7. Design Reviews and Configuration Management. Best practices for space hardware and software renumber accordingly. 8. Integrating I&T into electrical, thermal, and mechanical designs. Coupling I&T to mission operations. 9. Ground Support Systems. Electrical and mechanical ground support equipment (GSE). I&T facilities. Clean rooms. Environmental test facilities. 10. Test Planning and Test Flow. Which tests are worthwhile? Which ones aren't? What is the right order to perform tests? Test Plans and other important documents. 11. Spacecraft Level Testing. Ground station compatibility testing and other special tests. 12. Launch Site Operations. Launch vehicle operations. Safety. Dress rehearsals. The Launch Readiness Review. 13. Human Error. What we can learn from the airline industry. 14. Case Studies. NEAR, Ariane 5, Mid-course Space Experiment (MSX). March 13-14, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1140 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."
  • 18 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Instructor Douglas Mehoke is the Assistant Group Supervisor and Technology Manager for the Mechanical System Group in the Space Department at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has worked in the field of spacecraft and instrument thermal design for 30 years, and has a wide background in the fields of heat transfer and fluid mechanics. He has been the lead thermal engineer on a variety spacecraft and scientific instruments, including MSX, CONTOUR, and New Horizons. He is presently the Technical Lead for the development of the Solar Probe Plus Thermal Protection System. What You Will Learn • How requirements are defined. • Why thermal design cannot be purchased off the shelf. • How to test thermal systems. • Basic conduction and radiation analysis. • Overall thermal analysis methods. • Computer calculations for thermal design. • How to choose thermal control surfaces. • When to use active devices. • How the thermal system interacts with other systems. • How to apply thermal devices. February 27-28, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1140 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This is a fast paced two-day course for system engineers and managers with an interest in improving their understanding of spacecraft thermal design. All phases of thermal design analysis are covered in enough depth to give a deeper understanding of the design process and of the materials used in thermal design. Program managers and systems engineers will also benefit from the bigger picture information and tradeoff issues. The goal is to have the student come away from this course with an understanding of how analysis, design, thermal devices, thermal testing and the interactions of thermal design with the overall system design fit into the overall picture of satellite design. Case studies and lessons learned illustrate the importance of thermal design and the current state of the art. Spacecraft Thermal Control Course Outline 1. The Role of Thermal Control. Requirements, Constraints, Regimes of thermal control. 2. The basics of Thermal Analysis, conduction, radiation, Energy balance, Numerical analysis, The solar spectrum. 3. Overall Thermal Analysis. Orbital mechanics for thermal engineers, Basic orbital energy balance. 4. Model Building. How to choose the nodal structure, how to calculate the conductors capacitors and Radfacs, Use of the computer. 5. System Interactions. Power, Attitude and Thermal system interactions, other system considerations. 6. Thermal Control Surfaces. Availability, Factors in choosing, Stability, Environmental factors. 7. Thermal control Devices. Heatpipes, MLI, Louvers, Heaters, Phase change devices, Radiators, Cryogenic devices. 8. Thermal Design Procedure. Basic design procedure, Choosing radiator locations, When to use heat pipes, When to use louvers, Where to use MLI, When to use Phase change, When to use heaters. 9. Thermal Testing. Thermal requirements, basic analysis techniques, the thermal design process, thermal control materials and devices, and thermal vacuum testing. 10. Case Studies. The key topics and tradeoffs are illustrated by case studies for actual spacecraft and satellite thermal designs. Systems engineering implications.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 19 Instructor Tom Sarafin has worked full time in the space industry since 1979. He spent over 13 years at Martin Marietta Astronautics, where he contributed to and led activities in structural analysis, design, and test, mostly for large spacecraft. Since founding Instar in 1993, he’s consulted for NASA, Space Imaging, DigitalGlobe, AeroAstro, Design_Net Engineering, and other organizations. He’s helped the United States Air Force Academy (USAFA) design, develop, and verify a series of small satellites and has been an advisor to DARPA. He is the editor and principal author of Spacecraft Structures and Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch and is a contributing author to Space Mission Analysis and Design (all three editions). Since 1995, he’s taught over 150 courses to more than 3000 engineers and managers in the space industry. Structural Test Design & Interpretation for Aerospace Summary This new three-day course provides a rigorous look at structural testing and its roles in product development and verification for aerospace programs. The course starts with a broad view of structural verification throughout product development and the role of testing. The course then covers planning, designing, performing, interpreting, and documenting a test. The course covers static loads testing at low- and high-levels of assembly, modal survey testing and math-model correlation, sine-sweep and sine-burst testing, and random vibration testing. Who Should Attend All engineers and managers involved in ensuring that flight vehicles and their payloads are structurally safe to fly. This course is intended to be an effective follow-up Instar’s course “Space-Mission Structures (SMS): From Concept to Launch”, although that course is not a prerequisite. What You Will Learn The objectives of this course are to improve your understanding of how to: • Identify and clearly state test objectives. • Design (or recognize) a test that satisfies the identified objectives while minimizing risk. • Establish pass/fail criteria. • Design the instrumentation. • Interpret test data. • Write a good test plan and a good test report. December 10-12, 2013 Littleton, Colorado $1690 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Overview of Structural Testing. Why do a structural test? Structural requirements; the building- blocks verification process; verification logic flows; qualification, acceptance, and protoflight testing; selecting the right type of test; two things all tests need; test management: documents, reviews, and controls. 2. Designing and Documenting a Test. Designing a test, suggested contents of a test plan, test-article configuration, boundary conditions, ensuring adequacy of a strength test, a key difference between a qualification test and a proof test, success criteria and effective instrumentation, preparing to interpret test data, documenting with a test report. 3. Loads Testing of Small Specimens. Applications and objectives, common loading systems, test standards, case history: designing a test to substantiate new NASA criteria for analysis of preloaded bolts. 4. Static Loads Testing of Large Assemblies. Introduction to static loads testing, special considerations, introducing and controlling loads, developing the load cases, example: developing load cases for a truss structure, be sure to design the right test!, centrifuge testing. 5. Testing on an Electrodynamic Shaker. Test configuration, limitations of testing on a shaker, fixture design, deriving loads from measured accelerations, sine-sweep testing, sine- burst testing, understanding random vibration, random vibration testing, interpreting test data, notching, risk associated with testing on a shaker. 6. Example: Notching a Random Vibration Test. Problem statement, determining whether notching is needed, first-cut estimates of notches, agreeing upon notching ground rules, process for designing the notches, FEA predictions without notches, FEA- derived notches, test strategy, summary. 7. Modal Survey Testing and Math Model. Correlation Test objectives and target modes, designing a modal survey test, key considerations, test configuration and approaches, checking the test data, correlating the math model. 8. Case History. Vibration Testing of a Spacecraft Telescope. Case History: Vibration Testing of a Spacecraft Telescope Overview, initial structural test plan, problem statement, revised test plan, testing at the telescope assembly level, testing at the vehicle level, lessons learned and conclusions. 9. Summary.
  • 20 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 $1495 (8:30am - 5:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $20000 each Off The Course Tuition." $1795 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $20000 each Off The Course Tuition." There are many dates and locations as these are popular courses: See all at: Summary The Scrum Alliance is a nonprofit organization committed to delivering articles, resources, courses, and events that will help Scrum users be successful. The Scrum Alliance (sm)’s mission is to promote increased awareness and understanding of Scrum, provide resources to individuals and organizations using Scrum, and support the iterative improvement of the software development profession. This 2-day course is backed by our Exam Pass Guarantee. Upon completion of our Scrum Master Certification Course, if after two attempts within the 60-day evaluation period you have not passed the exam and obtained certification, ASPE will allow you to attend another session of our Scrum Master Certification Course free of charge and pay for you to retake your certification exam. Specifically, you will: • The "Art of the Possible": learn how small change can have a large impact on productivity. • Product integrity: review various options employees use when faced with difficulty, learn the importance of delivering high quality products in Scrum • Customer Expectations: Using a changing schedule and agile estimating and planning, assess the work to properly set customer expectations and manage customer satisfaction • Running the Scrum Project: Run a full Scrum project that lasts 59 minutes. You will walk through all steps under the Scrum Framework • Agile Estimating and Planning: Break into teams, and through decomposition and estimating plan out a project through delivery • Team Dynamics: Since Scrum deals with change, conflict will happen. Learn methods to resolve problems in a self- managed environment Summary While not a silver bullet, Agile Methodologies are quickly becoming the most practical way to create outstanding software. Scrum, Extreme Programming, Lean, Dynamic Systems Development Method, Feature Driven Development and other methods each have their strengths. While there are significant similarities that have brought them together under the Agile umbrella, each method brings unique strengths that can be utilized for your team success. This 3-day classroom is set up in pods/teams. Each team looks like a real-world development unit in Agile with Project Manager/Scrum Master, Business Analyst, Tester and Development. The teams will work through the Agile process including Iteration planning, Product road mapping and backlogging, estimating, user story development iteration execution, and retrospectives by working off of real work scenarios. Specifically, you will: • Practice how to be and develop a self-organized team. • Create and communicate a Product Vision. • Understand your customer and develop customer roles and personas. • Initiate the requirements process by developing user stories and your product backlog. • Put together product themes from your user stories and establish a desired product roadmap. • Conduct story point estimating to determine effort needed for user stories to ultimately determine iteration(s) length. • Take into consideration assumed team velocity with story point estimates and user story priorities to come up with you release plan. • Engage the planning and execution of your iteration(s). • Conduct retrospectives after each iteration. • Run a course retrospective to enable an individual plan of execution on how to conduct Agile in your environment. Certified ScrumMaster Workshop Agile Boot Camp: An Immersive Introduction Course Outline 1. Agile Thinking. We begin with the history of agile methods and how relatively new thoughts in software development have brought us to Scrum. 2. The Scrum Framework. Everyone working from the same foundational concepts that make up the Scrum Framework. 3. Implementation Considerations. Digging deeper into the reasons for pursuing Scrum. We'll also use this time to begin a discussion of integrity in the marketplace and how this relates to software quality. 4. Scrum Roles. Who are the different players in the Scrum game. 5. The Scrum Team Explored. We investigate team behaviors so we can be prepared for the various behaviors exhibited by teams of different compositions. We'll also take a look at some Scrum Team variants. 6. Agile Estimating and Planning. Although agile estimating and planning is an art unto itself, the concepts behind this method fit very well with the Scrum methodology an agile alternative to traditional estimating and planning. 7. The Product Owner: Extracting Value. How can we help ensure that we allow for project work to provide the best value for our customers and our organization. 8. The ScrumMaster Explored. We'll talk about the characteristics of a good ScrumMaster that go beyond a simple job description. 9. Meetings and Artifacts Reference Material. More detailed documentation is included here for future reference. 10. Advanced Considerations and Reference Material. This section is reserved for reference material. Particular interests from the class may warrant discussion during our class time together. What You Will Learn Because this is an immersion course and the intent is to engage in the practices every Agile team will employ, this course is recommended for all team members responsible for delivering outstanding software. That includes, but is not limited to, the following roles: • Business Analyst • Analyst • Project Manager • Software Engineer/Programmer • Development Manager • Product Manager • Product Analyst • Tester • QA Engineer • Documentation Specialist The Agile Boot Camp is a perfect place for cross functional "teams" to become familiar with Agile methods and learn the basics together. It's also a wonderful springboard for team building & learning. Bring your project detail to work on in class.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 21 $1395 (Live 8:00am - 6:00pm) (Virtual, noon – 6:00 pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $20000 each Off The Course Tuition." $2995 (Live 8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $5000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary A common misconception is that Agility means lack of order or discipline, but that’s incorrect. It requires strong discipline. You must have a solid foundation of practices and procedures in order to successfully adapt Agile in the Government Environment , and you must also learn to follow those practices correctly while tying them to pre-defined, rigid quality goals. This two-days public (three-days online) workshop gives you the foundation of knowledge and experience you need in order to be successful on your next federal project. Define principles and highlight advantages and disadvantages of Agile development and how to map them to federal guidelines for IT procurement, development and delivery. Get firsthand experience organizing and participating in an Agile team. Put the concepts you learn to practice instantly in the classroom project. Understand and learn how to take advantage of the opportunities for Agile, while applying them within current government project process requirements. Specifically, you will: • Consistently deliver better products that will enable your customer’s success. • Reduce the risk of project failure, missed deadlines, scope overrun or exceeded budgets. • Establish, develop, empower, nurture and protect high- performing teams. • Identify and eliminate waste from processes. • Map government project language to Agile language simply and effectively. • Foster collaboration, even with teams that are distributed geographically and organizationally. • Clearly understand how EVM and Agile can be integrated. • Understand the structure of Agile processes that breed success in the federal environment. • Embrace ever-changing requirements. Summary The PMP Boot Camp offers in-class practice exams to help you learn not only the project management knowledge, but also the nature of the Project Management Professional exam, the types of questions asked, and the form the questions take. This is a four-days public (five-days online) course with many available dates and locations throughout the US. Through practice exercises you will gain valuable information, learn how to rapidly recall important facts, and generally increase your test-taking skills. Specifically, you will: • Learn the subject matter of the PMP examination • Memorize the important test information that has a high probability of being on your examination • Develop time management skills necessary to complete the PMP exam within the allotted time • Leverage your existing Project Management Skills • Extrapolate from your real world experiences to the PMP examination subject matter • Learn to identify pertinent question information to quickly answer examination problems If you are in IT where PMs skills are becoming a necessity or if you are interested in or planning to get your PMP certification, you must take this PMP Boot Camp course. The PMP® certification is a great tool for: • Project Managers • IT Managers/Directors • Outsourcing Professionals • QA Managers/Directors • Application Development Managers/Directors • Business Analysts • Systems Analysts • Systems Architect Agile in the Government Environment Project Management Professional: (PMP) Certification Exam Boot Camp Course Outline 1. Self-organized teams, even in a highly matrixed agency or organization. 2. Simulate a project introduction, create a vision and set of light requirements. 3. How to plan your product’s release within the mandated 6 month timeframe. 4. How to communicate project status utilizing both Agile and EVM indicators for progress. 5. How to satisfy the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) requirements (Circular A-11) while applying an Agile execution approach. 6. Understanding customers and how to collaborate with them to create User Stories. 7. Relative estimating – focus on becoming more accurate rather than precise. 8. Defining the distinction between capabilities and requirements and when to document each. 9. Identify Agile best practices as they relate to challenges within the federal environment. Course Outline 1. Introduction. An introduction to the format and scope of this project management training course. 2. PMP Certification: the Credentials. An overview of the PMI requirements for the PMP certification. Test subject areas. 3. Project Management Overview. An introduction to Project Management, what it is, and what it isn’t. Project phases. Project life cycle. Knowledge areas. Stakeholder management. 4. The Project Environment. An overview of the various organizational structures in which a project might operate. 5. The Project Management Life Cycle. The five process groups that make up the Project Management Life Cycle. 6. Specific Topics Areas needed to pass the PMP Certification Exam. There are many dates and locations as these are popular courses: See all at:
  • 22 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Applied Systems Engineering Summary Systems engineering is a simple flow of concepts, frequently neglected in the press of day-to-day work, that reduces risk step by step. In this workshop, you will learn the latest systems principles, processes, products, and methods. This is a practical course, in which students apply the methods to build real, interacting systems during the workshop. You can use the results now in your work. This workshop provides an in-depth look at the latest principles for systems engineering in context of standard development cycles, with realistic practice on how to apply them. The focus is on the underlying thought patterns, to help the participant understand why rather than just teach what to do. A 4-Day Practical Workshop Planned and Controlled Methods are Essential to Successful Systems. Participants in this course practice the skills by designing and building interoperating robots that solve a larger problem. Small groups build actual interoperating robots to solve a larger problem. Create these interesting and challenging robotic systems while practicing: • Requirements development from a stakeholder description. • System architecting, including quantified, stakeholder-oriented trade-offs. • Implementation in software and hardware • Systm integration, verification and validation Instructor Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. This course is designed for systems engineers, technical team leaders, program managers, project managers, logistic support leaders, design engineers, and others who participate in defining and developing complex systems. Who Should Attend • A leader or a key member of a complex system development team. • Concerned about the team’s technical success. • Interested in how to fit your system into its system environment. • Looking for practical methods to use in your team. October 14-17, 2013 Albuquerque, New Mexico $2090 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. How do We Work With Complexity? Basic definitions and concepts. Problem-solving approaches; system thinking; systems engineering overview; what systems engineering is NOT. 2. Systems Engineering Model. An underlying process model that ties together all the concepts and methods. Overview of the systems engineering model; technical aspects of systems engineering; management aspects of systems engineering. 3. A System Challenge Application. Practical application of the systems engineering model against an interesting and entertaining system development. Small groups build actual interoperating robots to solve a larger problem. Small group development of system requirements and design, with presentations for mutual learning. 4. Where Do Requirements Come From? Requirements as the primary method of measurement and control for systems development. How to translate an undefined need into requirements; how to measure a system; how to create, analyze, manage requirements; writing a specification. 5. Where Does a Solution Come From? Designing a system using the best methods known today. System architecting processes; alternate sources for solutions; how to allocate requirements to the system components; how to develop, analyze, and test alternatives; how to trade off results and make decisions. Getting from the system design to the system. 6. Ensuring System Quality. Building in quality during the development, and then checking it frequently. The relationship between systems engineering and systems testing. 7. Systems Engineering Management. How to successfully manage the technical aspects of the system development; virtual, collaborative teams; design reviews; technical performance measurement; technical baselines and configuration management.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 23 Summary This two-day course walks through the CSEP requirements and the INCOSE Handbook Version 3.2.2 to cover all topics on the CSEP exam. Interactive work, study plans, and sample examination questions help you to prepare effectively for the exam. Participants leave the course with solid knowledge, a hard copy of the INCOSE Handbook, study plans, and three sample examinations. Attend the CSEP course to learn what you need. Follow the study plan to seal in the knowledge. Use the sample exam to test yourself and check your readiness. Contact our instructor for questions if needed. Then take the exam. If you do not pass, you can retake the course at no cost. What You Will Learn • How to pass the CSEP examination! • Details of the INCOSE Handbook, the source for the exam. • Your own strengths and weaknesses, to target your study. • The key processes and definitions in the INCOSE language of the exam. • How to tailor the INCOSE processes. • Five rules for test-taking. Course Outline 1. Introduction. What is the CSEP and what are the requirements to obtain it? Terms and definitions. Basis of the examination. Study plans and sample examination questions and how to use them. Plan for the course. Introduction to the INCOSE Handbook. Self-assessment quiz. Filling out the CSEP application. 2. Systems Engineering and Life Cycles. Definitions and origins of systems engineering, including the latest concepts of “systems of systems.” Hierarchy of system terms. Value of systems engineering. Life cycle characteristics and stages, and the relationship of systems engineering to life cycles. Development approaches. The INCOSE Handbook system development examples. 3. Technical Processes. The processes that take a system from concept in the eye to operation, maintenance and disposal. Stakeholder requirements and technical requirements, including concept of operations, requirements analysis, requirements definition, requirements management. Architectural design, including functional analysis and allocation, system architecture synthesis. Implementation, integration, verification, transition, validation, operation, maintenance and disposal of a system. 4. Project Processes. Technical management and the role of systems engineering in guiding a project. Project planning, including the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP), Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD), Integrated Product Teams (IPT), and tailoring methods. Project assessment, including Technical Performance Measurement (TPM). Project control. Decision-making and trade-offs. Risk and opportunity management, configuration management, information management. 5. Enterprise & Agreement Processes. How to define the need for a system, from the viewpoint of stakeholders and the enterprise. Acquisition and supply processes, including defining the need. Managing the environment, investment, and resources. Enterprise environment management. Investment management including life cycle cost analysis. Life cycle processes management standard processes, and process improvement. Resource management and quality management. 6. Specialty Engineering Activities. Unique technical disciplines used in the systems engineering processes: integrated logistics support, electromagnetic and environmental analysis, human systems integration, mass properties, modeling & simulation including the system modeling language (SysML), safety & hazards analysis, sustainment and training needs. 7. After-Class Plan. Study plans and methods. Using the self-assessment to personalize your study plan. Five rules for test-taking. How to use the sample examinations. How to reach us after class, and what to do when you succeed. The INCOSE Certified Systems Engineering Professional (CSEP) rating is a coveted milestone in the career of a systems engineer, demonstrating knowledge, education and experience that are of high value to systems organizations. This two-day course provides you with the detailed knowledge and practice that you need to pass the CSEP examination. December 9-10, 2013 Orlando, Florida $1290 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Instructors Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant and lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex systems development & operation. Founder and former President of INCOSE. Author of the “Value of SE” material in the INCOSE Handbook. He has led the development of 18 major systems, including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. Mr. William "Bill" Fournier is Senior Software Systems Engineering with 30 years experience the last 11 for a Major Defense Contractor. Mr. Fournier taught DoD Systems Engineering full time for over three years at DSMC/DAU as a Professor of Engineering Management. Mr. Fournier has taught Systems Engineering at least part time for more than the last 20 years. Mr. Fournier holds a MBA and BS Industrial Engineering / Operations Research and is DOORS trained. He is a certified CSEP, CSEP DoD Acquisition, and PMP. He is a contributor to DAU / DSMC, Major Defense Contractor internal Systems Engineering Courses and Process, and INCOSE publications. Certified Systems Engineering Professional - CSEP Preparation Guaranteed Training to Pass the CSEP Certification Exam Video!
  • 24 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Cost Estimating Summary This two-day course covers the primary methods for cost estimation needed in systems development, including parametric estimation, activity-based costing, life cycle estimation, and probabilistic modeling. The estimation methods are placed in context of a Work Breakdown Structure and program schedules, while explaining the entire estimation process. Emphasis is also placed on using cost models to perform trade studies and calibrating cost models to improve their accuracy. Participants will learn how to use cost models through real-life case studies. Common pitfalls in cost estimation will be discussed including behavioral influences that can impact the quality of cost estimates. We conclude with a review of the state-of-the- art in cost estimation. February 25-26, 2014 Albuquerque, New Mexico $1150 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Introduction. Cost estimation in context of system life cycles. Importance of cost estimation in project planning. How estimation fits into the proposal cycle. The link between cost estimation and scope control. History of parametric modeling. 2. Scope Definition. Creation of a technical work scope. Definition and format of the Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) as a basis for accurate cost estimation. Pitfalls in WBS creation and how to avoid them. Task-level work definition. Class exercise in creating a WBS. 3. Cost Estimation Methods. Different ways to establish a cost basis, with explanation of each: parametric estimation, activity-based costing, analogy, case based reasoning, expert judgment, etc. Benefits and detriments of each. Industry- validated applications. Schedule estimation coupled with cost estimation. Comprehensive review of cost estimation tools. 4. Economic Principles. Concepts such as economies/diseconomies of scale, productivity, reuse, earned value, learning curves and prediction markets are used to illustrate additional methods that can improve cost estimates. 5. System Cost Estimation. Estimation in software, electronics, and mechanical engineering. Systems engineering estimation, including design tasks, test & evaluation, and technical management. Percentage-loaded level-of-effort tasks: project management, quality assurance, configuration management. Class exercise in creating cost estimates using a simple spreadsheet model and comparing against the WBS. 6. Risk Estimation. Handling uncertainties in the cost estimation process. Cost estimation and risk management. Probabilistic cost estimation and effective portrayal of the results. Cost estimation, risk levels, and pricing. Class exercise in probabilistic estimation. 7. Decision Making. Organizational adoption of cost models. Understanding the purpose of the estimate (proposal vs. rebaselining; ballpark vs. detailed breakdown). Human side of cost estimation (optimism, anchoring, customer expectations, etc.). Class exercise on calibrating decision makers. 8. Course Summary. Course summary and refresher on key points. Additional cost estimation resources. Principles for effective cost estimation. Instructor Ricardo Valerdi, is an Associate Professor of Systems & Industrial Engineering at the University of Arizona and a Research Affiliate at MIT. He developed the COSYSMO model for estimating systems engineering effort which has been used by BAE Systems, Boeing, General Dynamics, L-3 Communications, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Raytheon, and SAIC. Dr. Valerdi is a Visiting Associate of the Center for Systems and Software Engineering at the University of Southern California where he earned his Ph.D. in Industrial & Systems Engineering. Previously, he worked at The Aerospace Corporation, Motorola and General Instrument. He served on the Board of Directors of INCOSE, is an Editorial Advisor of the Journal of Cost Analysis and Parametrics, and is the author of the book The Constructive Systems Engineering Cost Model (COSYSMO): Quantifying the Costs of Systems Engineering Effort in Complex Systems (VDM Verlag, 2008). What You Will Learn • What are the most important cost estimation methods? • How is a WBS used to define project scope? • What are the appropriate cost estimation methods for my situation? • How are cost models used to support decisions? • How accurate are cost models? How accurate do they need to be? • How are cost models calibrated? • How can cost models be integrated to develop estimates of the total system? • How can cost models be used for risk assessment? • What are the principles for effective cost estimation? From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform basic cost estimates, identify tradeoffs, use cost model results to support decisions, evaluate the goodness of an estimate, evaluate the goodness of a cost model, and understand the latest trends in cost estimation.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 25 Instructors Dr. Scott Workinger has led innovative technology development efforts in complex, risk- laden environments for 30 years. He currently teaches courses on program management and engineering and consults on strategic management and technology issues. Scott has a B.S in Engineering Physics from Lehigh University, an M.S. in Systems Engineering from the University of Arizona, and a Ph.D. in Civil and Environment Engineering from Stanford University. Summary Today's complex systems present difficult challenges to develop. From military systems to aircraft to environmental and electronic control systems, development teams must face the challenges with an arsenal of proven methods. Individual systems are more complex, and systems operate in much closer relationship, requiring a system-of-systems approach to the overall design. This two-day workshop presents the fundamentals of a systems engineering approach to solving complex problems. It covers the underlying attitudes as well as the process definitions that make up systems engineering. The model presented is a research- proven combination of the best existing standards. Participants in this workshop practice the processes on a realistic system development. Who Should Attend You Should Attend This Workshop If You Are: • Working in any sort of system development • Project leader or key member in a product development team • Looking for practical methods to use today This Course Is Aimed At: • Project leaders, • Technical team leaders, • Design engineers, and • Others participating in system development Course Outline 1. Systems Engineering Model. An underlying process model that ties together all the concepts and methods. System thinking attitudes. Overview of the systems engineering processes. Incremental, concurrent processes and process loops for iteration. Technical and management aspects. 2. Where Do Requirements Come From? Requirements as the primary method of measurement and control for systems development. Three steps to translate an undefined need into requirements; determining the system purpose/mission from an operational view; how to measure system quality, analyzing missions and environments; requirements types; defining functions and requirements. 3. Where Does a Solution Come From? Designing a system using the best methods known today. What is an architecture? System architecting processes; defining alternative concepts; alternate sources for solutions; how to allocate requirements to the system components; how to develop, analyze, and test alternatives; how to trade off results and make decisions. Establishing an allocated baseline, and getting from the system design to the system. Systems engineering during ongoing operation. 4. Ensuring System Quality. Building in quality during the development, and then checking it frequently. The relationship between systems engineering and systems testing. Technical analysis as a system tool. Verification at multiple levels: architecture, design, product. Validation at multiple levels; requirements, operations design, product. 5. Systems Engineering Management. How to successfully manage the technical aspects of the system development; planning the technical processes; assessing and controlling the technical processes, with corrective actions; use of risk management, configuration management, interface management to guide the technical development. 6. Systems Engineering Concepts of Leadership. How to guide and motivate technical teams; technical teamwork and leadership; virtual, collaborative teams; design reviews; technical performance measurement. 7. Summary. Review of the important points of the workshop. Interactive discussion of participant experiences that add to the material. Fundamentals of Systems Engineering December 11-12, 2013 Orlando, Florida $1190 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 114 – 2626 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Model Based Systems Engineering with OMG SysML™ Productivity Through Model-Based Systems Engineering Principles & Practices Summary This three day course is intended for practicing systems engineers who want to learn how to apply model-driven systems engineering practices using the UML Profile for Systems Engineering (OMG SysML™). You will apply systems engineering principles in developing a comprehensive model of a solution to the class problem, using modern systems engineering development tools and a development methodology tailored to OMG SysML. The methodology begins with the presentation of a desired capability and leads you through the performance of activities and the creation of work products to support requirements definition, architecture description and system design. The methodology offers suggestions for how to transition to specialty engineering, with an emphasis on interfacing with software engineering activities. Use of a modeling tool is required. Each student will receive a lab manual describing how to create each diagram type in the selected tool, access to the Object-Oriented Systems Engineering Methodology (OOSEM) website and a complete set of lecture notes. Instructor J.D. Baker is a Software Systems Engineer with expertise in system design processes and methodologies that support Model-Based Systems Engineering. He has over 20 years of experience providing training and mentoring in software and system architecture, systems engineering, software development, iterative/agile development, object-oriented analysis and design, the Unified Modeling Language (UML), the UML Profile for Systems Engineering (SysML), use case driven requirements, and process improvement. He has participated in the development of UML, OMG SysML, and the UML Profile for DoDAF and MODAF. J.D. holds many industry certifications, including OMG Certified System Modeling Professional (OCSMP), OMG Certified UML Professional (OCUP), Sun Certified Java Programmer, and he holds certificates as an SEI Software Architecture Professional and ATAM Evaluator. September 17-19, 2013 Columbia, Maryland September 17-19, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Model-Based Systems Engineering Overview. Introduction to OMG SysM, role of open standards and open architecture in systems engineering, what is a model, 4 modeling principles, 5 characteristics of a good model, 4 pillars of OMG SysML. 2. Getting started with OOSEM. Use case diagrams and descriptions, modeling functional requirements, validating use cases, domain modeling concepts and guidelines, OMG SysML language architecture. 3. OOSEM Activities and Work Products. Walk through the OOSEM top level activities, decomposing the Specify and Design System activity, relating use case and domain models to the system model, options for model organization, the package diagram. Compare and contrast Distiller and Hybrid SUV examples. 4. Requirements Analysis. Modeling Requirements in OMG SysML, functional analysis and allocation, the role of functional analysis in an object-oriented world using a modified SE V, OOSEM activity –"Analyze Stakeholder Needs”. Concept of Operations, Domain Models as analysis tools. Modeling non-functional requirements. Managing large requirement sets. Requirements in the Distiller sample model. 5. OMG SysML Structural Elements. Block Definition Diagrams (BDD), Internal Block Diagrams (IBD), Ports, Parts, Connectors and flows. Creating system context diagrams. Block definition and usage relationship. Delegation through ports. Operations and attributes. 6. OMG SysML Behavioral Elements. Activity diagrams, activity decomposition, State Machines, state execution semantics, Interactions, allocation of behavior. Call behavior actions. Relating activity behavior to operations, interactions, and state machines. 7. Parametric Analysis and Design Synthesis. Constraint Blocks, Tracing analysis tools to OMG SysML elements, Design Synthesis, Tracing requirements to design elements. Relating SysML requirements to text requirements in a requirements management tool. Analyzing the Hybrid SUV dynamics. 8. Model Verification. Tracing requirements to OMG SysM test cases, Systems Engineering Process Outputs, Preparing work products for specialty engineers, Exchanging model data using XMI, Technical Reviews and Audits, Inspecting OMG SysML and UML artifacts. 9. Extending OMG SysML. Stereotypes, tag values and model libraries, Trade Studies, Modeling and Simulation, Executable UML. 10. Deploying OMG SysML™ in your Organization. Lessons learned from MBSE initiatives, the future of SysML.OMG Certified System Modeling Professional resources and exams. What You Will Learn • Identify and describe the use of all nine OMG SysML™ diagrams. • Follow a formal methodology to produce a system model in a modeling tool. • Model system behavior using an activity diagram. • Model system behavior using a state diagram. • Model system behavior using a sequence diagram. • Model requirements using a requirements diagram. • Model requirements using a use case diagram. • Model structure using block diagrams. • Allocate behavior to structure in a model. • Recognize parametrics and constraints and describe their usage. NEW!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 27 Requirements Engineering with DEVSME What You Will Learn • Overview of IEEE and CMMI approaches to requirements engineering. • Basic concepts of Discrete Event System Specification (DEVS) and how to apply them using DEVS Modeling Environment. • How to understand and develop requirements and then simulate them with both Discrete and Continuous temporal behaviors. • System of Systems Concepts, Interoperability, service orientation, and data-centricity within a modeling and simulation framework. • Integrated System Development and virtual testing with applications to service oriented and data-distribution architectures. From this course you will obtain the understanding of how to leverage collaborative modeling and simulation to develop requirements and analyze complex information-intensive systems engineering problems within an integrated requirements development and testing process. Instructors Bernard P. Zeigler is chief scientist for RTSync, Zeigler has been chief architect for simulation-based automated testing of net-centric IT systems with DoD’s Joint Interoperability Test Command as well as for automated model composition for the Department of Homeland Security. He is internationally known for his foundational text Theory of Modeling and Simulation, second edition (Academic Press, 2000), He was named Fellow of the IEEE in recognition of his contributions to the theory of discrete event simulation. Phillip Hammonds is a senior scientist for RTSync, He co-authored (with Professor Zeigler). the 2007 book, “Modeling & Simulation-Based Data Engineering: Introducing Pragmatics into Ontologies for Net-Centric Information Exchange”. Elsevier Press. He has worked as a technical director and program manager for several large DoD contractors where skilled requirements and data engineering were critical to project success. Course Outline 1. Introduction to the Requirements Engineering Process. 2. Introduction to Discrete Event System Specification. (DEVS)--System-Theory Basis and Concepts, Levels of System Specification, System Specifications: Continuous and Discrete. 3. Framework for Modeling and Simulation Based Requirements Engineering. DEVS Simulation Algorithms, DEVS Modeling and Simulation Environments. 4. DEVS Model Development. Constrained natural language DEVS-based model construction, System Entity Structure - coupling and hierarchical construction, Verification and Visualization. 5. DEVS Hybrid Discrete and Continuous Modeling and Simulation. Introduction to simulation with DEVSJava/ADEVS Hybrid software, Capturing stakeholder requirements for space systems communication and service architectures. 6. Interoperability and Reuse. System of Systems Concepts, Component-based systems, modularity, Levels of Interoperability (syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic). Service Oriented Architecture, Data Distribution Service standards. 7. Integrated System Requirements Development and Visualization/Testing. Using DEVS Modeling Environment (DEVSME) – Requirements capture in an unambiguous, interoperable language, structured in terms of input, output, timing and coupling to other requirements, Automated DEVS-based Test Case Generation, Net-Enabled System Testing – Measures of Performance / Effectiveness. 8. Cutting Edge Concepts and Tools. Model and Simulation-based data engineering for interest- based collection and distribution of massive data. Capturing requirements for IT systems implementing such concepts. Software/Hardware implementations based on DEVS-Chip hardware. September 10-12, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1490 (8:30am - 4:30pm) (8:30am- 12:30pm on last day) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary This two and one half -day course is designed for engineers, managers and educators who wish to enhance their capabilities to capture needs and requirements in a standardized, interoperable format that allows immediate dynamic visualization of workflows and relationships. One of the most serious issues of modern systems engineering is capturing requirements in an unambiguous, interoperable language that is structured in terms of input, output, timing and coupling to other requirements. The DEVS Modeling Environment (DEVSME) uses a restricted natural language that is easy to use, but powerful enough to express complex mathematical, logical and process functions in such a way that other engineers and stakeholders will understand the intent as well as the behavior of the requirement. The course covers the basics of systems concepts and discrete event systems specification (DEVS), a computational basis for system theory. It demonstrates the application of DEVS to "virtual build and test" requirements engineering in complex information-intensive systems development. The DEVSME Requirements Engineering Environment leverages the power of the DEVS modeling and simulation methodology. A particular focus is the application of model-based data engineering in today’s data rich – and information challenged – system environments. NEW!
  • 28 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Technical CONOPS & Concepts Master's Course A hands on, how-to course in building Concepts of Operations, Operating Concepts, Concepts of Employment and Operational Concept Documents What You Will Learn • What are CONOPS and how do they differ from CONEMPS, OPCONS and OCDs? How are they related to the DODAF and JCIDS in the US DOD? • What makes a “good” CONOPS? • What are the two types and five levels of CONOPS and when is each used? • How do you get users’ active, vocal support in your CONOPS? After this course you will be able to build and update OpCons and CONOPS using a robust CONOPS team, determine the appropriate type and level for a CONOPS effort, work closely with end users of your products and systems and elicit solid, actionable, user-driven requirements. Instructor Mack McKinney, president and founder of a consulting company, has worked in the defense industry since 1975, first as an Air Force officer for 8 years, then with Westinghouse Defense and Northrop Grumman for 16 years, then with a SIGINT company in NY for 6 years. He now teaches, consults and writes Concepts of Operations for Boeing, Sikorsky, Lockheed Martin Skunk Works, Raytheon Missile Systems, Joint Forces Command, MITRE, Booz Allen Hamilton, and DARPA, all the uniformed services and the IC. He has US patents in radar processing and hyperspectral sensing. Summary This three-day course is designed for engineers, scientists, project managers and other professionals who design, build, test or sell complex systems. Each topic is illustrated by real- world case studies discussed by experienced CONOPS and requirements professionals. Key topics are reinforced with small-team exercises. Over 200 pages of sample CONOPS (six) and templates are provided. Students outline CONOPS and build OpCons in class. Each student gets instructor’s slides; college-level textbook; ~250 pages of case studies, templates, checklists, technical writing tips, good and bad CONOPS; Hi-Resolution personalized Certificate of CONOPS Competency and class photo, opportunity to join US/Coalition CONOPS Community of Interest. Course Outline 1. How to build CONOPS. Operating Concepts (OpCons) and Concepts of Employment (ConEmps). Five levels of CONOPS & two CONOPS templates, when to use each. 2. The elegantly simple Operating Concept and the mathematics behind it (X2-X)/2 3. What Scientists, Engineers and Project Managers need to know when working with operational end users. Proven, time-tested techniques for understanding the end user’s perspective – a primer for non-users. Rules for visiting an operational unit/site and working with difficult users and operators. 4. Modeling and Simulation. Detailed cross-walk for CONOPS and Modeling and Simulation (determining the scenarios, deciding on the level of fidelity needed, modeling operational utility, etc.) 5. Clear technical writing in English. (1 hour crash course). Getting non-technical people to embrace scientific methods and principles for requirements to drive solid CONOPS. 6. Survey of major weapons and sensor systems in trouble and lessons learned. Getting better collaboration among engineers, scientists, managers and users to build more effective systems and powerful CONOPS. Special challenges when updating existing CONOPS. 7. Forming the CONOPS team. Collaborating with people from other professions. Working With Non-Technical People: Forces that drive Program Managers, Requirements Writers, Acquisition/Contracts Professionals. What motivates them, how work with them. 8. Concepts, CONOPS, JCIDS and DODAF. How does it all tie together? 9. All users are not operators. (Where to find the good ones and how to gain access to them). Getting actionable information from operational users without getting thrown out of the office. The two questions you must ALWAYS ask, one of which may get you bounced. 10. Relationship of CONOPS to requirements & contracts. Legal minefields in CONOPS. 11. Users. The four essential groups of user-supporters, where to find them and how to gain the support of each group. 12. R&D and CONOPS. Using CONOPS to increase the Transition Rate (getting R&D projects from the lab to adopted, fielded systems). People Mover and Robotic Medic team exercises reinforce lecture points, provide skills practice. Checklist to achieve team consensus on types of R&D needed for CONOPS (effects-driven, blue sky, capability-driven, new spectra, observed phenomenon, product/process improvement, basic science). Unclassified R&D Case Histories: $$$ millions invested - - - what went wrong & key lessons learned: (Software for automated imagery analysis; low cost, lightweight, hyperspectral sensor; non-traditional ISR; innovative ATC aircraft tracking system; full motion video for bandwidth- disadvantaged users in combat - - - Getting it Right!). 13. Critical thinking, creative thinking, empathic thinking, counterintuitive thinking and when engineers and scientists use each type in developing concepts and CONOPS. 14. DoD Architectural Framework (DoDAF), JCIDS and CONOPS. how they play together and support each other. 15. Lessons Learned From No/Poor CONOPS. Real world problems with fighters, attack helicopters, C3I systems, DHS border security project, humanitarian relief effort, DIVAD, air defense radar, E/O imager, civil aircraft ATC tracking systems and more. 16. Beyond the CONOPS: Configuring a program for success and the critical attributes and crucial considerations that can be program-killers; case histories and lessons-learned. October 22-24, 2013 Virginia Beach, Virginia $1490 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Video!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 29 Summary This four-day seminar is for practicing scientists and engineers provides a comprehensive treatment of the latest technology required to re-target the AESA Radar mode suite while incorporating stealth and LPI features. The AESA provides huge gains in reliability and performance over mechanically scanned Radars. It also provides huge challenges in designing for high duty cycle, fast beam switching, and adaptive beam formation. The seminar introduces a weapons system simulator where AESA requirements and designs can be evaluated from the end user point of view. These fundamental requirements are then integrated with new technology receivers to formulate state-of-the-art mode designs. The detection performance for system trade-off studies is quickly computed using an Excel spread sheet augmented with Visual Basic functions included free with the course. Tools for mastering complex algorithms like STAP, adaptive beam formation and multi target Kalman filters are provided gratis with Mathcad 14.0 simulations and internet references. We recommend - but do not require- that you bring a laptop to the class to maximize the learning materials. Instructor Bob Phillips has 38 years experience as a leader in the emerging technologies of airborne Radar systems and software. He was a key developer of the F16 radar including the APG-80 AESA, the upgraded B1B ESA, the APG-68(V)9, APG-68 and the APG-66 MLU. As a consulting engineer Bob reviewed designs for AESA, FLIR, and EW systems and taught Radar to pilots and engineers around the world. Bob holds a BS in engineering physics from Merrimack and a Masters in numerical science from Johns Hopkins University where he matriculated in post graduate studies in electrical engineering. Bob is retired from Northrop Grumman and enjoys sailing and working part time as a Radar instructor. What You Will Learn • The pilots view of real world practical AESA. • The design and performance of the unique AESA Med PRF and Alert/Confirm workhorse waveforms. • How STAP and adaptive beam formers cancel noise jamming. • How to design a 20+ target track mode. • How to design high resolution SAR. • How to detect and track slow moving ground targets with a state-of-the-art main beam clutter canceler. • How to calculate the detection range of an AESA. AESA Airborne Radar Theory and Operations September 16-19, 2013 Columbia, Maryland February 3-6, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Introduction to AESA Radar. The evolution of radar, preview of the antenna, receiver and AESA modes. 2. Air-Air Operations. The weapons system simulator, mode interleaving concepts, passive sensor integration, Low Probability of Intercept, Med PRF, HI- Med PRF, cued search, and multi target track. Cumulative vs. single scan detection performance, radar vulnerabilities and strong points. 3. Receiver Exciter: Super Heterodyne receiver block diagrams, receiver protector, frequency multipliers, IF filters, synchronous detectors, and A/D converters. 4. Array Antennas. Gain and beam width calculations. Two dimensional antenna patterns, weighting functions, grating lobes, array steering, monopulse vector measurements. Side lobe, adaptive side lobe, and main beam cancellers including clutter cancelation for slow moving ground target detection. Adaptive beam forming and Space-Time-Adaptive- Processing (STAP). 5. Radar Equation. The air-air and air-ground Radar equations with IF Filters, A/D Integrators, pulse compression, coherent and non-coherent integration. 6. Radar Clutter. Airborne Radar clutter sources, Doppler effects, clutter maps, constant clutter gamma model, clutter radar equation. Radomes for minimizing reflections. Clutter distribution functions and simulations. 7. CFAR. Probability theory, computation of the detection threshold. High PRF, cell averaging, greatest of, and ordered statistic CFAR designs. Clutter templates and window considerations. 8. Air-Air Search Modes. Range/Doppler ambiguities, the three PRF regimes. Block diagrams, processing and performance for the Low PRF, all aspect Medium PRF, and long range High PRF Alert- Confirm waveforms. Frequency agility considerations, guard channel and STAP processing. Track mode waveforms, spoofing and tracking in main beam clutter, LPI considerations. 9. Air-Ground Modes. Block diagrams and processing for real beam map, SEA search and synthetic aperture Radar. 10. Kalman Filters and Tracking. 20+ target track mode block diagrams, design, performance, LPI and stealth considerations.
  • 30 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Combat Systems Engineering February 25-27, 2014 Huntsville, Alabama $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary The increasing level of combat system integration and communications requirements, coupled with shrinking defense budgets and shorter product life cycles, offers many challenges and opportunities in the design and acquisition of new combat systems. This three-day course teaches the systems engineering discipline that has built some of the modern military’s greatest combat and communications systems, using state-of-the-art systems engineering techniques. It details the decomposition and mapping of war-fighting requirements into combat system functional designs. A step-by-step description of the combat system design process is presented emphasizing the trades made necessary because of growing performance, operational, cost, constraints and ever increasing system complexities. Topics include the fire control loop and its closure by the combat system, human-system interfaces, command and communication systems architectures, autonomous and net-centric operation, induced information exchange requirements, role of communications systems, and multi-mission capabilities. Engineers, scientists, program managers, and graduate students will find the lessons learned in this course valuable for architecting, integration, and modeling of combat system. Emphasis is given to sound system engineering principles realized through the application of strict processes and controls, thereby avoiding common mistakes. Each attendee will receive a complete set of detailed notes for the class. Instructor Robert Fry works at The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory where he is a member of the Principal Professional Staff. Throughout his career he has been involved in the development of new combat weapon system concepts, development of system requirements, and balancing allocations within the fire control loop between sensing and weapon kinematic capabilities. He has worked on many aspects of the AEGIS combat system including AAW, BMD, AN/SPY- 1, and multi-mission requirements development. Missile system development experience includes SM- 2, SM-3, SM-6, Patriot, THAAD, HARPOON, AMRAAM, TOMAHAWK, and other missile systems. What You Will Learn • The trade-offs and issues for modern combat system design. • The role of subsystem in combat system operation. • How automation and technology impact combat system design. • Understanding requirements for joint warfare, net- centric warfare, and open architectures. • Lessons learned from AEGIS development. Course Outline 1. Combat System Overview. Combat system characteristics. Functional description for the combat system in terms of the sensor and weapons control, communications, and command and control. Anti-air Warfare. Anti- surface Warfare. Anti-submarine Warfare. 2. Combat System Functional Organization. Combat system layers and operation. 3. Sensors. Review of the variety of multi- warfare sensor systems, their capability, operation, management, and limitations. 4. Weaponry. Weapon system suites employed by the AEGIS combat system and their capability, operation, management, and limitations. Basics of missile design and operation. 5. Fire Control Loops. What the fire control loop is and how it works, its vulnerabilities, limitations, and system battlespace. 6. Engagement Control. Weapon control, planning, and coordination. 7. Tactical Command and Contro. Human- in-the-loop, system latencies, and coordinated planning and response. 8. Communications. Current and future communications systems employed with combat systems and their relationship to combat system functions and interoperability. 9. Combat System Development. Overview of the combat system engineering and acquisition processes. 10. Current AEGIS Missions and Directions. Performance in low-intensity conflicts. Changing Navy missions, threat trends, shifts in the defense budget, and technology growth. 11. Network-Centric Operation and Warfare. Net-centric gain in warfare, network layers and coordination, and future directions. Updated!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 31 Examining Network Centric Warfare (NCW) January 22-23, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1150 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This two-day course offers an initial exposure to network centricity in US military service systems and programs from the warfighting edge vice enterprise. Information is power. In the past 30 years, the most significant renaissance in the art of war has transpired in the implementation of collaborative networks for and between military platforms and entities. In many cases NCW replaces mass with understanding. This course is a mark in time, and seeks to provide the student with some level of currency and sensitivity to service programs and also a candid perspective from industry. It also suggests where and what future vulnerabilities and opportunities exist within the scope of network centricity. This course is restricted to US citizens only. Instructor Frank R. Prautzsch has worked in the field of network centric systems and satellite communications for 35 years supporting the US Army, Industry and the Nation. He received a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from the United States Military at West Point and an MS in Systems Technology (C3I and Space) from Naval Postgraduate School. He has numerous awards, accolades, professional papers and patent work. His expertise in communications, wireless networks, cyber, satcom, navigation and renewable energy remains nationally recognized. What You Will Learn • What are the foundations of network-centricity in doctrine and practice across the Services. • What are the Joint and Service interpretations of NCW? What is the Joint Information Enterprise (JIE)? the Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC). • Examine Army LandWarNet/Land ISR net and its components. • Examine Navy NGEN and CANES Programs and its components. • Examine Air Force Aerial Layer Network (ALN). • Examine -Some perspectives on NCW for SOF, First Responder and Industry at large. • Understanding the impact of Space and Cyberspace on NCW. • The impact of unmanned systems and intelligent wireless at the network edge. • The Future. What are the next network transformational Legos® . Course Outline 1. Introduction. The Nature and Doctrine that support NCW. Why? More importantly why should we care. 2. Current Governance. National, DoD, Joint and Service Doctrine that shape NCW thinking and investments. 3. Examining the JIE and JOAC. A motivation for change by necessity, attitude and budgets. Adaptive, Globally Networked Joint Operations. 4. The Army. Spelling out the basics of LandWarNet and its parts to include WIN-T and JTRS. Spelling out the basics of LandISRnet and its parts to include Cloud, RITE, and ISCA. 5. The Navy. Understanding lessons from ForceNet and NMCI and how NGEN and CANES will shape the Navy and Marine Corps NCW future. 6. The Air Force. The basics of the Aerial Layer Network (ALN), the Future Airborne Capability Environment (FACE) Architecture, Universal Networking Interface (UNI) / Airborne Networking GIG Interface (ANGI) Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS), Multi-Functional Advanced Data Link (MADL) / Link-16 / Tactical Targeting Network Technology (TTNT). 7. SOF. The use of NCW for special communications, remote sensing, TTL and integrated support operations. 8. Industry and First Responders. The need for standards. The evolution of AN/P-25. Novel concepts in cloud applications and wireless virtual hypervisors. (a surprise case study). 9. Space and Cyber-Space. The criticality of MILSATCOM and C4ISR to future operations. Command and Control on the Move. Machine-to- machine (M2M) space concepts. Cyber in NCW.worries beyond the virus. The integration of space and cyberspace. 10. Unmanned Systems. NCW and C4ISR enablers and liabilities. Successes and warnings. 11. The Future. Changes in the C4ISR Construct. Emerging technologies to embrace. The need for velocity. Joint Operational Access Concept (JOAC) describes how future joint forces will achieve operational access in the face of such strategies. Its central thesis is Cross-Domain Synergy-the complementary vice merely additive employment of capabilities in different domains such that each enhances the effectiveness and compensates for the vulnerabilities of the others-to establish superiority in some combination of domains that will provide the freedom of action required by the mission. The JOAC envisions a greater degree of integration across domains and at lower echelons than ever before. Reference document
  • 32 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Summary This four-day course builds on the information in Fundamentals of EW (or equivalent) courses. The principles learned in the fundamentals course will be applied to more complex practical problems, and the theoretical underpinnings of fundamental EW concepts and techniques will be developed. Special interest will be given to advanced types of radar and communication threats and resources available to EW professionals: the range of textbooks and authors, periodicals, journals, organizations, etc. This course is intended for those who have completed a basic Electronic Warfare course or have equivalent knowledge from previous education or work experience in the field. This course, unlike the fundamentals course, uses a moderate amount of engineering mathematics. Each student will receive instructor's texts Electronic Warfare 101 and Electronic Warfare 102 and a full set of course notes. Instructor David Adamy holds BSEE and MSEE degrees, both with communication theory majors. He has over 40 years experience as an engineer and manager in the development of electronic warfare and related systems. He has published over 140 articles on electronic warfare and communications theory related subjects, including a popular monthly tutorial section in the Journal of Electronic Defense. He has ten books in print. He consults to various military organizations and teaches electronic warfare and communication theory short courses all over the world. What You Will Learn • Theoretical basis for important EW concepts and techniques. • Relationship between electronic and information warfare and top level strategies for the application of EW (vs. just tactical approaches). • How to perform Communication intercept and jamming performance prediction using line of sight, two-ray, and knife edge diffraction propagation models. • How to perform EW and reconnaissance receiver system design trade-off analyses. They will understand how LPI signals are generated and the general approaches to the application of EW techniques to these types of signals and other modern signal types. • Directed energy weapons and stealth. Course Outline 1. Electronic warfare and information warfare: Operational interrelationships between the various subfields; basic strategies for EA, ES and EP in modern warfare. 2. Radio propagation models. 3. Receiver system design: Advantages / disadvantages of various receiver types, dynamic range/sensitivity trade-offs, Digital receiver system design tradeoffs. 4. Advanced radar threat: Phased array radars, SAR & ISAR, ES challenges, EP challenges. 5. Low probability of intercept signals. 6. ES: Modern signal processing challenges; ES against LPI signals. 7. Modern EA architectures. 8. EA against modern radar systems. 9. EA against LPI signals. 10. Expendables and Decoy Systems. 11. Directed Energy Weapons. 12. Stealth: Stealth technology; EW vs. stealth. February 3-6, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Electronic Warfare - Advanced
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 33 GPS Technology International Navigation Solutions for Military, Civilian, and Aerospace Applications "The presenter was very energetic and truly passionate about the material" " Tom Logsdon is the best teacher I have ever had. His knowledge is excellent. He is a 10!" "Mr. Logsdon did a bang-up job explaining and deriving the theories of special/general relativity–and how they are associated with the GPS navigation solutions." "I loved his one-page mathematical deriva- tions and the important points they illus- trate." Summary If present plans materialize, 128 radionavigation satellites will soon be installed along the space frontier. They will be owned and operated by six different countries hoping to capitalize on the financial success of the GPS constellation. In this popular four-day short course Tom Logsdon describes in detail how these various radionavigation systems work and reviews the many practical benefits they are slated to provide to military and civilian users around the globe. Logsdon will explain how each radionavigation system works and how to use it in various practical situations. November 11-14, 2013 Columbia, Maryland January 13-16, 2013 Cocoa Beach, Florida $2045 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Radionavigation Concepts. Active and passive radionavigation systems. Position and velocity solutions. Nanosecond timing accuracies. Today’s spaceborne atomic clocks. Websites and other sources of information. Building a flourishing $200 billion radionavigation empire in space. 2. The Three Major Segments of the GPS. Signal structure and pseudorandom codes. Modulation techniques. Practical performance-enhancements. Relativistic time dilations. Inverted navigation solutions. 3. Navigation Solutions and Kalman Filtering Techniques. Taylor series expansions. Numerical iteration. Doppler shift solutions. Kalman filtering algorithms. 4. Designing Effective GPS Receivers. The functions of a modern receiver. Antenna design techniques. Code tracking and carrier tracking loops. Commercial chipsets. Military receivers. Navigation solutions for orbiting satellites. 5. Military Applications. Military test ranges. Tactical and strategic applications. Autonomy and survivability enhancements. Smart bombs and artillery projectiles.. 6. Integrated Navigation Systems. Mechanical and strapdown implementations. Ring lasers and fiber-optic gyros. Integrated navigation systems. Military applications. 7. Differential Navigation and Pseudosatellites. Special committee 104’s data exchange protocols. Global data distribution. Wide-area differential navigation. Pseudosatellites. International geosynchronous overlay satellites. The American WAAS, the European EGNOS, and the Japanese QZSS.. 8. Carrier-Aided Solution Techniques. Attitude- determination receivers. Spaceborne navigation for NASA’s Twin Grace satellites. Dynamic and kinematic orbit determination. Motorola’s spaceborne monarch receiver. Relativistic time-dilation derivations. Relativistic effects due to orbital eccentricity. 9. The Navstar Satellites. Subsystem descriptions. On-orbit test results. Orbital perturbations and computer modeling techniques. Station-keeping maneuvers. Earth- shadowing characteristics. The European Galileo, the Chinese Biedou/Compass, the Indian IRNSS, and the Japanese QZSS. 10. Russia’s Glonass Constellation. Performance comparisons. Orbital mechanics considerations. The Glonass subsystems. Russia’s SL-12 Proton booster. Building dual-capability GPS/Glonass receivers. Glonass in the evening news. Instructor Tom Logsdon has worked on the GPS radionavigation satellites and their constellation for more than 20 years. He helped design the Transit Navigation System and the GPS and he acted as a consultant to the European Galileo Spaceborne Navigation System. His key assignment have included constellation selection trades, military and civilian applications, force multiplier effects, survivability enhancements and spacecraft autonomy studies. Over the past 30 years Logsdon has taught more than 300 short courses. He has also made two dozen television appearances, helped design an exhibit for the Smithsonian Institution, and written and published 1.7 million words, including 29 non fiction books. These include Understanding the Navstar, Orbital Mechanics, and The Navstar Global Positioning System. Each Student willreceive a free GPSreceiver with color mapdisplays! Video!
  • 34 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Instructor Patrick Pierson has more than 23 years of operational experience, and is internationally recognized as a Tactical Data Link subject matter expert. Patrick has designed more than 30 Tactical Data Link training courses and personally trains hundreds of students around the globe every year. Applicability This course is suitable for personnel with little or no experience and is designed to take the student to a very high level of comprehension in a short period of time: • Testing Required: No. • Hands On Training: No. • Prerequisites: None. February 4-6, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary The 3-day Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Advanced course teaches 31 instructional modules covering the most important topics necessary to develop a thorough understanding of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS. The Advanced course provides greater detail for many of the topics that are covered in our Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Intermediate Course, as well as offering nine advanced training modules. This course is instructional in nature and does not involve hands-on training Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS - Advanced Course Outline 1. Introduction to Link 16 2. Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Documentation 3. Link 16 Enhancements 4. System Characteristics 5. Time Division Multiple Access 6. Network Participation Groups 7. J-Series Messages 8. Message Standard Interpretation 9. Transmit and Receive Rules / Message Prioritization 10. Message Implementation 11. JTIDS / MIDS Pulse Development 12. JTIDS / MIDS Time Slot Components 13. JTIDS / MIDS Message Packing and Pulses 14. JTIDS / MIDS Networks / Nets 15. Access Modes 16. JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Synchronization 17. JTIDS / MIDS Network Time 18. Precise Participant Location and Identification 19. JTIDS / MIDS Voice 20. Link 16 Air Control 21. NonC2 Air-to-NonC2 Air 22. JTIDS / MIDS Network Roles 23. JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Navigation 24. JTIDS / MIDS Relays 25. Communications Security 26. JTIDS / MIDS Pulse Deconfliction 27. JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Restrictions 28. Time Slot Duty Factor 29. JTIDS / MIDS Terminals 30. MIDS Terminal Configurations / Maintenance 31. Link 16 Platforms
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 35 Instructor Steve Brenner has worked in environmental simulation and reliability testing for over 30 years, always involved with the latest techniques for verifying equipment integrity through testing. He has independently consulted in reliability testing since 1996. His client base includes American and European companies with mechanical and electronic products in almost every industry. Steve's experience includes the entire range of climatic and dynamic testing, including ESS, HALT, HASS and long term reliability testing. September 9-12, 2013 Santa Clarita, California October 21-24, 2013 Bohemia, New York $3735 (8:00am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary This four-day class provides understanding of the purpose of each test, the equipment required to perform each test, and the methodology to correctly apply the specified test environments. Vibration and Shock methods will be covered together with instrumentation, equipment, control systems and fixture design. Climatic tests will be discussed individually: requirements, origination, equipment required, test methodology, understanding of results. The course emphasizes topics you will use immediately. Suppliers to the military services protectively install commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) equipment in our flight and land vehicles and in shipboard locations where vibration and shock can be severe. We laboratory test the protected equipment (1) to assure twenty years equipment survival and possible combat, also (2) to meet commercial test standards, IEC documents, military standards such as STANAG or MIL-STD-810G, etc. Few, if any, engineering schools cover the essentials about such protection or such testing. What You Will Learn When you visit an environmental test laboratory, perhaps to witness a test, or plan or review a test program, you will have a good understanding of the requirements and execution of the 810G dynamics and climatics tests. You will be able to ask meaningful questions and understand the responses of test laboratory personnel. Course Outline 1. Introduction to Military Standard testing - Dynamics. • Introduction to classical sinusoidal vibration. • Resonance effects • Acceleration and force measurement • Electrohydraulic shaker systems • Electrodynamic shaker systems • Sine vibration testing • Random vibration testing • Attaching test articles to shakers (fixture design, fabrication and usage) • Shock testing 2. Climatics. • Temperature testing • Temperature shock • Humidity • Altitude • Rapid decompression/explosives • Combined environments • Solar radiation • Salt fog • Sand & Dust • Rain • Immersion • Explosive atmosphere • Icing • Fungus • Acceleration • Freeze/thaw (new in 810G) 3. Climatics and Dynamics Labs demonstrations. 4. Reporting On And Certifying Test Results. Military Standard 810G Testing Understanding, Planning and Performing Climatic and Dynamic Tests NEW!
  • 36 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Who Should Attend The course is oriented toward the needs of missile engineers, systems engineers, analysts, marketing personnel, program managers, university professors, and others working in the area of missile systems and technology development. Attendees will gain an understanding of missile design, missile technologies, launch platform integration, missile system measures of merit, and the missile system development process. What You Will Learn • Key drivers in the missile design and system engineering process. • Critical tradeoffs, methods and technologies in subsystems, aerodynamic, propulsion, and structure sizing. • Launch platform-missile integration. • Robustness, lethality, guidance navigation & control, accuracy, observables, survivability, reliability, and cost considerations. • Missile sizing examples. • Development process for missile systems and missile technologies. • Design, build, and fly competition. Instructor Eugene L. Fleeman has 49 years of government, industry, academia, and consulting experience in Missile Design and System Engineering. Formerly a manager of missile programs at Air Force Research Laboratory, Rockwell International, Boeing, and Georgia Tech, he is an international lecturer on missiles and the author of over 100 publications, including the AIAA textbook, Missile Design System Engineering. Summary This four-day short course covers the fundamentals of missile design, development, and system engineering. The course provides a system-level, integrated method for missile aerodynamic configuration/propulsion design and analysis. It addresses the broad range of alternatives in meeting cost, performance, and risk requirements. The methods presented are generally simple closed-form analytical expressions that are physics-based, to provide insight into the primary driving parameters. Configuration sizing examples are presented for rocket-powered, ramjet-powered, and turbo-jet powered baseline missiles. Typical values of missile parameters and the characteristics of current operational missiles are discussed as well as the enabling subsystems and technologies for missiles and the current/projected state-of-the-art. Daily roundtable discussion. Design, build, and fly competition. Seventy videos illustrate missile development activities and missile performance. Attendees will vote on the relative emphasis of the material to be presented. Attendees receive course notes as well as the textbook, Missile Design and System Engineering. Course Outline 1. Introduction/Key Drivers in the Missile System Design Process: Overview of missile design process. Examples of system- of-systems integration. Unique characteristics of missiles. Key aerodynamic configuration sizing parameters. Missile conceptual design synthesis process. Examples of processes to establish mission requirements. Projected capability in command, control, communication, computers, intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance (C4ISR). Example of Pareto analysis. Attendees vote on course emphasis. 2. Aerodynamic Considerations in Missile System Design: Optimizing missile aerodynamics. Shapes for low observables. Missile configuration layout (body, wing, tail) options. Selecting flight control alternatives. Wing and tail sizing. Predicting normal force, drag, pitching moment, stability, control effectiveness, lift-to-drag ratio, and hinge moment. Maneuver law alternatives. 3. Propulsion Considerations in Missile System Design: Turbojet, ramjet, scramjet, ducted rocket, and rocket propulsion comparisons. Turbojet engine design considerations, prediction and sizing. Selecting ramjet engine, booster, and inlet alternatives. Ramjet performance prediction and sizing. High density fuels. Solid propellant alternatives. Propellant grain cross section trade-offs. Effective thrust magnitude control. Reducing propellant observables. Rocket motor performance prediction and sizing. Motor case and nozzle materials. 4. Weight Considerations in Missile System Design: How to size subsystems to meet flight performance requirements. Structural design criteria factor of safety. Structure concepts and manufacturing processes. Selecting airframe materials. Loads prediction. Weight prediction. Airframe and motor case design. Aerodynamic heating prediction and insulation trades. Dome material alternatives and sizing. Power supply and actuator alternatives and sizing. 5. Flight Performance Considerations in Missile System Design: Flight envelope limitations. Aerodynamic sizing-equations of motion. Accuracy of simplified equations of motion. Maximizing flight performance. Benefits of flight trajectory shaping. Flight performance prediction of boost, climb, cruise, coast, steady descent, ballistic, maneuvering, divert, and homing flight. 6. Measures of Merit and Launch Platform Integration: Achieving robustness in adverse weather. Seeker, navigation, data link, and sensor alternatives. Seeker range prediction. Counter- countermeasures. Warhead alternatives and lethality prediction. Approaches to minimize collateral damage. Fuzing alternatives and requirements for fuze angle and time delay. Alternative guidance laws. Proportional guidance accuracy prediction. Time constant contributors and prediction. Maneuverability design criteria. Radar cross section and infrared signature prediction. Survivability considerations. Insensitive munitions. Enhanced reliability. Cost drivers of schedule, weight, learning curve, and parts count. EMD and production cost prediction. Designing within launch platform constraints. Standard launchers. Internal vs. external carriage. Shipping, storage, carriage, launch, and separation environment considerations. Launch platform interfaces. Cold and solar environment temperature prediction. 7. Sizing Examples and Sizing Tools: Trade-offs for extended range rocket. Sizing for enhanced maneuverability. Developing a harmonized missile. Lofted range prediction. Ramjet missile sizing for range robustness. Ramjet fuel alternatives. Ramjet velocity control. Correction of turbojet thrust and specific impulse. Turbojet missile sizing for maximum range. Turbojet engine rotational speed. Computer aided sizing tools for conceptual design. Design, build, and fly competition. Pareto, house of quality, and design of experiment analysis. 8. Missile Development Process: Design validation/technology development process. Developing a technology roadmap. History of transformational technologies. Funding emphasis. Cost, risk, and performance tradeoffs. New missile follow-on projections. Examples of development tests and facilities. Example of technology demonstration flight envelope. Examples of technology development. New technologies for missiles. September 16-19, 2013 Columbia, Maryland February 10-13, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Missile System Design Video!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 37 December 9-12, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1940 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Instructor Dr. Walter R. Dyer is a graduate of UCLA, with a Ph.D. degree in Control Systems Engineering and Applied Mathematics. He has over thirty years of industry, government and academic experience in the analysis and design of tactical and strategic missiles. His experience includes Standard Missile, Stinger, AMRAAM, HARM, MX, Small ICBM, and ballistic missile defense. He is currently a Senior Staff Member at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory and was formerly the Chief Technologist at the Missile Defense Agency in Washington, DC. He has authored numerous industry and government reports and published prominent papers on missile technology. He has also taught university courses in engineering at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. What You Will Learn You will gain an understanding of the design and analysis of homing missiles and the integrated performance of their subsystems. • Missile propulsion and control in the atmosphere and in space. • Clear explanation of homing guidance. • Types of missile seekers and how they work. • Missile testing and simulation. • Latest developments and future trends. Summary This four-day course presents a broad introduction to major missile subsystems and their integrated performance, explained in practical terms, but including relevant analytical methods. While emphasis is on today’s homing missiles and future trends, the course includes a historical perspective of relevant older missiles. Both endoatmospheric and exoatmospheric missiles (missiles that operate in the atmosphere and in space) are addressed. Missile propulsion, guidance, control, and seekers are covered, and their roles and interactions in integrated missile operation are explained. The types and applications of missile simulation and testing are presented. Comparisons of autopilot designs, guidance approaches, seeker alternatives, and instrumentation for various purposes are presented. The course is recommended for analysts, engineers, and technical managers who want to broaden their understanding of modern missiles and missile systems. The analytical descriptions require some technical background, but practical explanations can be appreciated by all students. Course Outline 1. Introduction. Brief history of Missiles. Types of guided missiles. Introduction to ballistic missile defense.- Endoatmospheric and exoatmospheric missile operation. Missile basing. Missile subsystems overview. Warheads, lethality and hit-to-kill. Power and power conditioning. 2. Missile Propulsion. The rocket equation. Solid and liquid propulsion. Single stage and multistage boosters. Ramjets and scramjets. Axial propulsion. Divert and attitude control systems. Effects of gravity and atmospheric drag. 3. Missile Airframes, Autopilots And Control. Phases of missile flight. Purpose and functions of autopilots. Missile control configurations. Autopilot design. Open-loop autopilots. Inertial instruments and feedback. Autopilot response, stability, and agility. Body modes and rate saturation. Roll control and induced roll in high performance missiles. Radomes and their effects on missile control. Adaptive autopilots. Rolling airframe missiles. 4. Exoatmospheric Missiles For Ballistic Missile Defense. Exoatmospheric missile autopilots, propulsion and attitude control. Pulse width modulation. Exo- atmospheric missile autopilots. Limit cycles. 5. Missile Guidance. Seeker types and operation for endo- and exo-atmospheric missiles. Passive, active and semi active missile guidance. Radar basics and radar seekers. Passive sensing basics and passive seekers. Scanning seekers and focal plane arrays. Seeker comparisons and tradeoffs for different missions. Signal processing and noise reduction 6. Missile Seekers. Boost and midcourse guidance. Zero effort miss. Proportional navigation and augmented proportional navigation. Biased proportional navigation. Predictive guidance. Optimum homing guidance. Guidance filters. Homing guidance examples and simulation results. Miss distance comparisons with different homing guidance laws. Sources of miss and miss reduction. Beam rider, pure pursuit, and deviated pursuit guidance. 7. Simulation And Its Applications. Current simulation capabilities and future trends. Hardware in the loop. Types of missile testing and their uses, advantages and disadvantages of testing alternatives. Modern Missile Analysis Propulsion, Guidance, Control, Seekers, and Technology Video!
  • 38 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Instructor Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior Technical Staff at the Johns Hopkins Univeristy Applied Physics Laboratory. He has over 30 years of experience in tracking, sensor fusion, and radar systems analysis and design for the Navy,Marine Corps, Air Force, and FAA. Recent work has included the integration of a new radar into an existing multisensor system and in the integration, using a multiple hypothesis approach, of shipboard radar and ESM sensors. Previous experience has included analysis and design of multiradar fusion systems, integration of shipboard sensors including radar, IR and ESM, integration of radar, IFF, and time-difference-of- arrival sensors with GPS data sources. Summary The objective of this course is to introduce engineers, scientists, managers and military operations personnel to the fields of target tracking and data fusion, and to the key technologies which are available today for application to this field. The course is designed to be rigorous where appropriate, while remaining accessible to students without a specific scientific background in this field. The course will start from the fundamentals and move to more advanced concepts. This course will identify and characterize the principle components of typical tracking systems. A variety of techniques for addressing different aspects of the data fusion problem will be described. Real world examples will be used to emphasize the applicability of some of the algorithms. Specific illustrative examples will be used to show the tradeoffs and systems issues between the application of different techniques. What You Will Learn • State Estimation Techniques – Kalman Filter, constant-gain filters. • Non-linear filtering – When is it needed? Extended Kalman Filter. • Techniques for angle-only tracking. • Tracking algorithms, their advantages and limitations, including: - Nearest Neighbor - Probabilistic Data Association - Multiple Hypothesis Tracking - Interactive Multiple Model (IMM) • How to handle maneuvering targets. • Track initiation – recursive and batch approaches. • Architectures for sensor fusion. • Sensor alignment – Why do we need it and how do we do it? • Attribute Fusion, including Bayesian methods, Dempster-Shafer, Fuzzy Logic. Multi-Target Tracking and Multi-Sensor Data Fusion January 28-30, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Introduction. 2. The Kalman Filter. 3. Other Linear Filters. 4. Non-Linear Filters. 5. Angle-Only Tracking. 6. Maneuvering Targets: Adaptive Techniques. 7. Maneuvering Targets: Multiple Model Approaches. 8. Single Target Correlation & Association. 9. Track Initiation, Confirmation & Deletion. 10. Using Measured Range Rate (Doppler). 11. Multitarget Correlation & Association. 12. Probabilistic Data Association. 13. Multiple Hypothesis Approaches. 14. Coordinate Conversions. 15. Multiple Sensors. 16. Data Fusion Architectures. 17. Fusion of Data From Multiple Radars. 18. Fusion of Data From Multiple Angle-Only Sensors. 19. Fusion of Data From Radar and Angle-Only Sensor. 20. Sensor Alignment. 21. Fusion of Target Type and Attribute Data. 22. Performance Metrics. Revised With Newly Added Topics
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 39 Instructor Michael T. Grabbe is a Senior Staff Member in the Weapon and Targeting Systems Group at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has 20 years of experience working in the areas of ground emitter geo-location, target tracking, signal processing, and missile navigation. Prior to joining APL, he worked in these areas at L-3 Communications, Raytheon Missile Systems, and Texas Instruments. He received a B.S. degree in Engineering from the U.S. Naval Academy, an M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from Southern Methodist University, an M.S. degree in Applied Mathematics from the University of Arkansas, and a Ph.D. in Mathematical Sciences from Clemson University. He holds three geo-location and tracking algorithm patents and is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. What You Will Learn • Solve estimation problems using both batch processing and recursive algorithms. • Develop mathematical models of quantities typically used for geo-location, such as Direction of Arrival (DOA), Time Difference of Arrival (TDOA), and Frequency Difference of Arrival (FDOA). • Predict geo-location performance for a given sensor-signal source geometry. Course Outline 1. Overview of geo-location systems. 2. Vectors and matrices. 3. Probability and statistics. 4. Linear estimation. 5. Optimal estimation. 6. Robust estimation. 7. Recursive estimation and Kalman filters. 8. Nonlinear estimation and extended Kalman filters. 9. Data association. 10. Measurement models for DOA, TDOA, FDOA. 11. Geo-location algorithms. 12. Geo-location performance analysis. 13. Geo-location in WGS84 coordinates. Prerequisites A course in statistics, A course in linear algebra / matrix theory. February 11-13, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course covers the algorithms used to locate a stationary RF signal source, such as a radar, radio, or cell phone. The topics covered include: a review of vectors, matrices, and probability; linear estimation and Kalman filters; nonlinear estimation and extended Kalman filters; robust estimation; data association; measurement models for direction of arrival, time difference of arrival, and frequency difference of arrival; geo-location algorithms; performance analysis. Most of the course material is developed in planar Cartesian coordinates for simplicity; however, the extension to WGS84 coordinates is provided to equip the students for practical applications. Passive Emitter Geo-Location
  • 40 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Radar Systems Design & Engineering Radar Performance Calculations What You Will Learn • What are radar subsystems. • How to calculate radar performance. • Key functions, issues, and requirements. • HHow different requirements make radars different. • Operating in different modes & environments. • ESA and AESA radars: what are these technologies, how they work, what drives them, and what new issues they bring. • Issues unique to multifunction, phased array, radars. • State-of-the-art waveforms and waveform processing. • How airborne radars differ from surface radars. • Today's requirements, technologies & designs. Instructors Dr. Menachem Levitas received his BS, maxima cum laude, from the University of Portland and his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in 1975, both in physics. He has forty three years experience in science and engineering, thirty five of which in radar systems analysis, design, development, and testing for the Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and FAA. His experience encompasses many ground based, shipboard, and airborne radar systems. He has been technical lead on many radar efforts including Government source selection teams. He is the author of multiple radar based innovations and is a recipient of the Aegis Excellence Award for his contribution toward the AN/SPY-1 high range resolution (HRR) development. For many years, prior to his retirement in 2011, he had been the chief scientist of Technology Service Corporation / Washington. He continues to provide radar technical support under consulting agreements. Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior Technical Staff of the Applied Physics Laboratory. He has over 30 years of experience in tracking, sensor fusion, and radar systems analysis and design for the Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and FAA. Recent work has included the integration of a new radar into an existing multisensor system and in the integration, using a multiple hypothesis approach, of shipboard radar and ESM sensors. Previous experience has included analysis and design of multiradar fusion systems, integration of shipboard sensors including radar, IR and ESM, integration of radar, IFF, and time-difference-of-arrival sensors with GPS data sources, and integration of multiple sonar systems on underwater platforms. Summary This four-day course covers radar functionality, architecture, and performance. Fundamental radar issues such as transmitter stability, antenna pattern, clutter, jamming, propagation, target cross section, dynamic range, receiver noise, receiver architecture, waveforms, processing, and target detection are treated in detail within the unifying context of the radar range equation, and examined within the contexts of surface and airborne radar platforms and their respective applications. Advanced topics such as pulse compression, electronically steered arrays, and active phased arrays are covered, together with the related issues of failure compensation and auto- calibration. The fundamentals of multi-target tracking principles are covered, and detailed examples of surface and airborne radars are presented. This course is designed for engineers and engineering managers who wish to understand how surface and airborne radar systems work, and to familiarize themselves with pertinent design issues and the current technological frontiers. February 24-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1940 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline Day 1 - Part I: Radar and Phenomenology Fundamentals 1. Introduction. Radar systems examples. Radar ranging principles, frequencies, architecture, measurements, displays, and parameters. Radar range equation; radar waveforms; antenna patterns, types, and parameters. 2. Noise in Receiving Systems and Detection Principles. Noise sources; statistical properties. Radar range equation; false alarm and detection probability; and pulse integration schemes. Radar cross section; stealth; fluctuating targets; stochastic models; detection of fluctuating targets. 3. CW Radar, Doppler, and Receiver Architecture. Basic properties; CW and high PRF relationships; dynamic range, stability; isolation requirements, techniques, and devices; superheterodyne receivers; in-phase and quadrature receivers; signal spectrum; spectral broadening; matched filtering; Doppler filtering; Spectral modulation; CW ranging; and measurement accuracy. 4. Radio Waves Propagation. The pattern propagation factor; interference (multipath,) and diffraction; refraction; standard refractivity; the 4/3 Earth approximation; sub-refractivity; super refractivity; trapping; propagation ducts; littoral propagation; propagation modeling; attenuation. 5. Radar Clutter and Detection in Clutter. Volume, surface, and discrete clutter, deleterious clutter effects on radar performance, clutter characteristics, effects of platform velocity, distributed sea clutter and sea spikes, terrain clutter, grazing angle vs. depression angle characterization, volume clutter, birds, Constant False Alarm Rate (CFAR) thresholding, editing CFAR, and Clutter Maps. Day 2 - Part II: Clutter Processing, Waveform, and Waveform Processing 6. Clutter Filtering Principles. Signal-to-clutter ratio; signal and clutter separation techniques; range and Doppler techniques; principles of filtering; transmitter stability and filtering; pulse Doppler and MTI; MTD; blind speeds and blind ranges; staggered MTI; analog and digital filtering; notch shaping; gains and losses. Performance measures: clutter attenuation, improvement factor, subclutter visibility, and cancellation ratio. Improvement factor limitation sources; stability noise sources; composite errors; types of MTI. 7. Radar Waveforms. The time-bandwidth concept. Pulse compression; Performance measures; Code families; Matched and mismatched filters. Optimal codes and code families: multiple constraints. Performance in the time and frequency domains; Mismatched filters and their applications; Orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal codes; Multiple-Input- Multiple-Output (MIMO) radar; MIMO waveforms and MIMO antenna patterns. Part 3: ESA, AESA, and Related Topics 8. Electronically Scanned Radar Systems. Beam formation; beam steering techniques; grating lobes; lattice patterns; phase shifters; feed considerations; multiple beamforming feed networks; array bandwidth considerations; true time delay network; ultralow sidelobe arrays; effects of amplitude and phase errors; effects of random or periodic errors; beam scheduling. 9. Active Phased Array Radar Systems. What are solid state active arrays (SSAA), what advantages do they provide, emerging requirements that call for SSAA (or AESA), SSAA issues at T/R module, array, and system levels, digital arrays, future direction. 10. Sidelobe Blanking. Motivation, the sidelobe blanking principle, antenna pattern issues, the decision space, effect of strong distributed sidelobe clutter, processing requirements for the sidelobe blanker, performance analysis approach. Day 3 11. Auto-Calibration Techniques in Active Phased Array Radars: Motivation; the mutual coupling in a phased array radar; external calibration reference approach; the mutual coupling approach; architectural. 12. Module Failure and Array Auto-compensation: The ‘bathtub’ profile of module failure rates and its three regions, burn-in and accelerated stress tests, module packaging and periodic replacements, cooling alternatives, effects of module failure on array pattern, array auto- compensation techniques to extend time between replacements, need for recalibration after module replacement. Part 4: Applications 13. Airborne Radar. Platform motion effects; iso-ranges and iso- Dopplers; antenna pattern effects; clutter; reflection point; altitude line. The role of medium and high PRF's in lookdown modes; the three PRF regimes; range and Doppler ambiguities; velocity search modes, TACCAR and DPCA. 14. Synthetic Wideband in High Range Resolution Implementation. Motivation, the various techniques to achieve wide band, the need for cross-band calibration, approach to cross-band calibration, advantages and limitation. 15. Tracking Radar. Angle measurement techniques, monopulse receiver and angle measurement, advantages of monopulse, amplitude monopulse, phase monopulse, analog and digital monopulse implementations, multipath, glint and cross-eye, low altitude elevation monopulse in anomalous propagation. Day 4 16. Multiple Target Tracking. Definition of Basic terms. Track Initiation: Methodology for initiating new tracks; Recursive and batch algorithms; Sizing of gates for track initiation. M out of N processing. State Estimation & Filtering: Basic filtering theory. Least-squares filter and Kalman filter. Adaptive filtering and multiple model methods. Use of suboptimal filters such as table look-up and constant gain. Correlation & Association: Correlation tests and gates; Association algorithms; Probabilistic data association and multiple hypothesis algorithms.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 41 Who Should Attend • Aerospace Industry Managers. • Government Regulators, Administrators and sponsors of rocket or missile projects. • Engineers of all disciplines supporting rocket and missile projects. • Contractors or investors involved in missile development. What You Will Learn • Fundamentals of rocket and missile systems, functions and disciplines. • The full spectrum of rocket systems, uses and technologies. • Differences in technology between foreign and domestic rocket systems. • Fundamentals and uses of solid, liquid and hybrid rocket systems. • Differences between systems built as weapons and those built for commerce. Instructor Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle System Engineer, specializing in integration of launch vehicle technology, design, modeling and business strategies. He is currently an independent consultant, writer and teacher of rocket system technology. He is experienced in launch vehicle operations, design, testing, business analysis, risk reduction, modeling, safety and reliability. Mr. Keith’s experience extends to both reusable and expendable launch vehicles, as well as to solid, liquid and hybrid rocket systems. Mr. Keith has designed complete rocket engines, rocket vehicles, small propulsion systems, and composite propellant tank systems, especially designed for low cost. Mr. Keith has worked the Space Launch Initiative and the Liquid Fly-Back Booster programs for Boeing, originated the Scorpius Program for Microcosm, worked on the Brilliant Eyes and the Advanced Solid Rocket Motor Programs for Rockwell and worked on the Aerojet Launch Detection Satellite program. He also has 13-years of government experience including five years working launch operations at Vandenberg AFB. Mr. Keith has written 22 technical papers and two textbooks on various aspects of space transportation over the last two decades. Summary This 3-day course provides an overview of rockets and missiles for government and industry officials, even those with limited technical experience in rockets and missiles. It provides a practical knowledge in rocket and missile issues and technologies. The seminar provides a foundation for understanding the issues that must be decided in the use, regulation and development of rocket systems of the future. You will learn a wide spectrum of problems, solutions and choices in the technology of rockets and missile used for both military and civil purposes. The seminar is taught to the point-of-view of a decision maker needing the technical knowledge to make better informed choices in the multi-discipline world of rockets and missiles. You will learn what you need to know about how rockets and missiles work, why they are build the way they are, what they are used for and how they differ from use to use; how rockets and missiles differ when used as weapons, as launch vehicles, and in spacecraft or satellites. The objective is to give the decision maker all the tools needed to understand the available choices, and to manage or work with other technical experts of different specialized disciplines. Attendees will receive a 210-page text book written by Mr. Keith, covering all the course material in detail, and a complete set of printed class notes used during the class. Course Outline 1. Fundamentals of Rockets and Missiles: The historic and practical uses of rocket systems. 2. Classifications of Rockets and Missiles: The classifications and terminology of all types of rocket and missile systems are defined. 3. Rocket Propulsion made Simple: The chemistry and physics defining how all rockets and rocket nozzles operate to achieve thrust is explained. Rocket performance modeling and efficiencies are introduced. 4. Rocket Flight Environments: The flight environments of rockets, acceleration, propellant consumption, heating, shock, vibration, ascent profile and plume phenomenology are explored. 5. Aerodynamics and Winds: The effect of winds, atmospheric density, pressure and rocket velocity on lift, drag, and dynamic pressure is explained. Rocket shape, stability and venting requirements are discussed. 6. Performance Analysis and Staging: The use of low and high fidelity performance modeling, including performance loss factors, are defined. Staging theory, performance and practices for multi-stage rockets are explained. 7. Mass Properties and Propellant Selection: No aspect is more important, or more often mismanaged, that optimum propellant selection. The relative importance of specific impulse, bulk density, bulk temperature, storability, ignition properties, stability, toxicity, operability, compatibility with materials, ullege requirements, and special mixtures are defined. Monopropellant and cold gas propellants are introduced. 8. Introduction to Solid Rocket Motors: The historical and technological aspects of Solid Rocket Motors is explored to understand the applications, advantages, disadvantages and tradeoffs over other forms of rockets. Solid rocket materials, propellants, thrust-profiles, construction, cost advantages and special applications are explained. 9. Fundamentals of Hybrid Rockets: The operation, safety, technology and Problems associated with hybrid rockets is discussed. 10. Liquid Rocket Engines: Issues of pressure and pump-fed liquid rocket engines are explained, including injectors, cooling, chamber construction, pump cycles, ignition and thrust vector control. 11. Introducing the Liquid Rocket Stage: The elements of liquid rocket stages are introduced, including propellant tank systems, pressurization, cryogenics, and other structures. 12. Thrust Vector Control (TVC): TVC hardware and alternatives are explained. 13. Basic Rocket Avionics: Flight electronics elements of Guidance, Navigation, Control, Communications, Telemetry, Range Safety and Payloads are defined. 14. Modern Expendable Launch Vehicles: The essence of good launch vehicle design is explored and defined, with examples of the American Delta-II and Russian strategy as an alternative. 15. Rockets in Spacecraft Propulsion: The differences in systems found on spacecraft, operating in microgravity, are examined. 16. Launch Sites and Operations: Understanding of the role and purpose of launch sites, and the choices available for a launch operations infrastructure. 17. Useful Orbits & Trajectories Made Simple: A simplified presentation of orbital mechanics, appropriate for the understanding of the role of rocket propulsion in orbital trajectories and maneuvers, is provided to the student. 18. Safety of Rocket Systems: The hazards and mitigations of inherently hazardous rocket operations are examined. 19. Reliability of Rocket Systems: Reliability issues for rocket systems, with strategies to improve reliability are explored and explained. 20. Reusable Launch Vehicle Theory: The student is provided with an appreciation of why Reusable Launch Vehicles have failed economically. 21. Rocket Cost Principals and Cases: The student is introduced to cost estimation methods and cost model systems as a science. An understanding of why costs are so high is provided, with alternative strategies from the Soyuz Case to illustrate alternatives to cost reduction. 22. Chemical Rocket Propulsion Alternatives: Alternatives to chemical rockets like jets, nuclear or thermal engines, cannons, tethers and laser weapons. 23. Proliferation of Missile Technology: International Trafficking in Arms issues. 24. The Future of Rockets and Missiles: A final open discussion regarding the direction of rocket technology, science, usage and regulations of rockets. missiles is conducted to close out the class. February 18-20, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Rockets & Missiles - Fundamentals
  • 42 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 What You Will Learn • New digital communications requirements that drive the SDR approach. • SDR standardization attempts, both military and civilian. • SDR complexity vs. granularity tradeoffs. • Current digital radio hardware limitations on SDR. • Many aspects of physical layer digital communications design and how they relate to SDR. • The latest software development tools for SDR. • Practical DSP design techniques for SDR transceivers. • Possible SDR future directions. From this course you will understand the SDR approach to digital radio design and become familiar with current standards and trends. You will gain extensive insight into the differences between traditional digital radio design and the SDR approach. You will be able to evaluate design approaches for SDR suitability and lead SDR discussions with colleagues. Instructors Dr. John M Reyland has 20 years of experience in digital communications design for both commercial and military applications. Dr. Reyland holds the degree of Ph.D. in electrical engineering from the University of Iowa. He has presented numerous seminars on digital communications in both academic and industrial settings. Summary This 3-day course is designed for digital signal processing engineers, RF system engineers, and managers who wish to enhance their understanding of this rapidly emerging technology. On day one we present an extensive overview of SDR definitions, applications, development tools and example products. On day two we cover basic digital radio concepts, with emphasis on SDR applications. On day three we tackle a complete SDR design, from antenna to decoded bits. Throughout the course, mostly intuitive explanations take the place of detailed mathematical developments. The emphasis is on practical “take-away” high level knowledge. Most topics include carefully described design examples, alternative approaches, performance analysis, and references to published research results. Many topics are illustrated by simulation demos. An extensive bibliography is included. Course Outline 1. SDR Introduction. SDR definitions, motivation, history and evolution. SDR cost vs. benefits and other tradeoffs. SDR impact on various communication system components. 2. Software Communications Architecture (SCA). Motivation, operational overview and details. Hardware abstraction concepts used in SCA. SCA structural components such as domain manager, core framework, application factory, etc. An example is presented of how SCA is used to configure a simple radio system. 3. GNU Radio. SDR application of this block diagram oriented develop environment. An example is presented of how GNU Radio is useful for SDR. 4. SDR Examples. SDR application to government radio systems, amateur radio, personal communications systems, etc. 5. Digital Modulation. Linear and non-linear multilevel modulations. Analysis of advanced techniques such as OFDM and its application to LTE, DSL and 802.11a. System design implications of bandwidth and power efficiency, peak to average power, error vector magnitude, error probability, etc. 6. RF Channels. Doppler, thermal noise, interference, slow and fast fading, time and frequency dispersion, RF spectrum usage, bandwidth measurement and link budget examples. Multiple input, multiple output (MIMO) channels. 7. Receiver Channel Equalization. Inter-symbol interference, group delay, linear and nonlinear equalization, time and frequency domain equalizers, Viterbi equalizers. 8. Multiple Access Techniques. Frequency, time and code division techniques. Carrier sensing, wireless sensor networks, throughput calculations. 9. Source and Channel Coding. Shannon’s theorem, sampling, entropy, data compression, voice coding, block and convolution coding, turbo coding. 10. Receiver Analog Signal Processing. RF conversion structures for SDR, frequency planning, automatic gain control, high speed analog to digital conversion techniques and bandpass sampling. An example is presented of an SDR radio front end that supports rapid reconfiguration for multiple signal formats. 11. Receiver Digital Signal Processing. Quadrature downconversion, processing gain, packet synchronization, Doppler estimation, automatic gain control, carrier and symbol estimation and tracking, coherent vs. noncoherent demodulation. An example is presented of SDR digital control over an FPGA implementation. January 21-23, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1790 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Software Defined Radio Engineering Comprehensive Study of State of the Art Techniques NEW!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 43 Solid Rocket Motor Design and Applications What You Will Learn • Solid rocket motor principles and key requirements. • Motor design drivers and sensitivity on the design, reliability, and cost. • Detailed propellant and component design features and characteristics. • Propellant and component manufacturing processes. • SRM/Vehicle interfaces, transportation, and handling considerations. • Development approach for qualifying new SRMs. Instructor Richard Lee Lee has more than 45 years in the space and missile industry. He was a Senior Program Mgr. at Thiokol, instrumental in the development of the Castor 120 SRM. His experience includes managing the development and qualification of DoD SRM subsystems and components for the Small ICBM, Peacekeeper and other R&D programs. Mr. Lee has extensive experience in SRM performance and interface requirements at all levels in the space and missile industry. He has been very active in coordinating functional and physical interfaces with the commercial spaceports in Florida, California, and Alaska. He has participated in developing safety criteria with academia, private industry and government agencies (USAF SMC, 45th Space Wing and Research Laboratory; FAA/AST; NASA Headquarters and NASA centers; and the Army Space and Strategic Defense Command. He has also consulted with launch vehicle contractors in the design, material selection, and testing of SRM propellants and components. Mr. Lee has a MS in Engineering Administration and a BS in EE from the University of Utah. Summary This three-day course provides an overall look - with increasing levels of details-at solid rocket motors (SRMs) including a general understanding of solid propellant motor and component technologies, design drivers; motor internal ballistic parameters and combustion phenomena; sensitivity of system performance requirements on SRM design, reliability, and cost; insight into the physical limitations; comparisons to liquid and hybrid propulsion systems; a detailed review of component design and analysis; critical manufacturing process parameters; transportation and handling, and integration of motors into launch vehicles and missiles. General approaches used in the development of new motors. Also discussed is the importance of employing formal systems engineering practices, for the definition of requirements, design and cost trade studies, development of technologies and associated analyses and codes used to balance customer and manufacturer requirements, All types of SRMs are included, with emphasis on current motos for commercial and DoD/NASA launch vehicles such as LM Athena series, OSC GMD, Pegasus and Taurus series, MDA SM-3 series,strap-on motors for the Delta series, Titan V, and Ares / Constellation vehicle. The use of surplus military motors (Minuteman, Peacekeeper, etc.) for target and sensor development and university research is discussed. The course also introduces nano technologies (nano carbon fiber) and their potential use for NASA’s deep space missions. For onsite presentations, course can be tailored to specific SRM applications and technologies. Course Outline 1. Introduction to Solid Rocket Motors (SRMs). SRM terminology and nomenclature, survey of types and applications of SRMs, and SRM component description and characteristics. 2. SRM Design and Applications. Fundamental principles of SRMs, key performance and configuration parameters such as total impulse, specific impulse, thrust vs. motor operating time, size constraints; basic performance equations, internal ballistic principles, preliminary approach for designing SRMs; propellant combustion characteristics (instability, burning rate), limitations of SRMs based on the laws of physics, and comparison of solid to liquid propellant and hybrid rocket motors. 3. Definition of SRM Requirements. Impact of customer/system imposed requirements on design, reliability, and cost; SRM manufacturer imposed requirements and constraints based on computer optimization codes and general engineering practices and management philosophy. 4. SRM Design Drivers and Technology Trade-Offs. Identification and sensitivity of design requirements that affect motor design, reliability, and cost. Understanding of , interrelationship of performance parameters, component design trades versus cost and maturity of technology; exchange ratios and Rules of Thumb used in back-of-the envelope preliminary design evaluations. 5. Key SRM Component Design Characteristics and Materials. Detailed description and comparison of performance parameters and properties of solid propellants including composite (i.e., HTPB, PBAN, and CTPB), nitro- plasticized composites, and double based or cross-linked propellants and why they are used for different motor and/or vehicle objectives and applications; motor cases, nozzles, thrust vector control & actuation systems; motor igniters, and other initiation and flight termination electrical and ordnance systems.. 6. SRM Manufacturing/Processing Parameters. Description of critical manufacturing operations for propellant mixing, propellant loading into the SRM, propellant inspection and acceptance testing, and propellant facilities and tooling, and SRM components fabrication. 7. SRM Transportation and Handling Considerations. General understanding of requirements and solutions for transporting, handling, and processing different motor sizes and DOT propellant explosive classifications and licensing and regulations. 8. Launch Vehicle Interfaces, Processing and Integration. Key mechanical, functional, and electrical interfaces between the SRM and launch vehicle and launch facility. Comparison of interfaces for both strap-on and straight stack applications. 9. SRM Development Requirements and Processes. Approaches and timelines for developing new SRMs. Description of a demonstration and qualification program for both commercial and government programs. Impact of decisions regarding design philosophy (state-of-the-art versus advanced technology) and design safety factors. Motor sizing methodology and studies (using computer aided design models). Customer oversight and quality program. Motor cost reduction approaches through design, manufacturing, and acceptance. Castor 120 motor development example. April 14-17, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition."
  • 44 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Synthetic Aperture Radar What You Will Learn • Basic radar concepts and principles. • SAR imaging and approaches to SAR processing. • Basic SAR system engineering and design tradeoffs. • Survey of existing SAR systems. • Coherent and Non-Coherent SAR Exploitation including basic interferometry, Instructor Mr. Richard Carande is the President, CEO and co-founder of a small business located in Boulder Colorado that specializes in SAR and SAR exploitation technologies. Prevously, Mr. Carande was the Vice President and Director of Advanced Radar Technologies at Vexcel Corporation. From 1986 to 1995 Mr. Carande was a group leader for a SAR processor development group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Pasadena California). There he was involved in developing an operational SAR processor for the JPL/NASA’s three-frequency, fully polarimetric AIRSAR system. Mr. Carande also worked as a System Engineer for the Alaska SAR Processor while at JPL, and performed research in the area of SAR Along-Track Interferometry. Before starting at JPL, Mr. Carande was employed by a technology company in California where he developed optical and digital SAR processors for internal research applications. Mr. Carande has a BS & MS in Physics from Case Western Reserve University. What You Will Learn • SAR system design and performance estimation. • Interactive SAR design session illustrating design tradeoffs. • SAR Polarimetry. • Advanced SAR Interferometry including PS InSAR. • Survey of future applications and system. Fundamentals February 10-11, 2014 Chantilly, Virginia $1140 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Advanced February 12-13, 2014 Chantilly, Virginia $1140 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Course Outline 1. Fundamentals of Radar. This portion of the course will provide a background in radar fundamentals that are necessary for the understanding and appreciation of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and products derived from it. We will first review the history of radar technology and applications, and introduce some fundamental elements common to all radar systems. The student will learn how basic ranging radar systems operate, why a chirp pulse is commonly used, the Radar Range Equation and radar backscattering. We will also discuss common (and uncommon) radar frequencies (wavelengths) and their unique characteristics, and why one frequency might be preferred over another. A high-level description of radar polarization will also be presented. 2. SAR Imaging. An overview of how SAR systems operate will be introduced. We will discuss airborne systems and spaceborne systems and describe unique considerations for each. Stripmap, spotlight and scanSAR operating modes will be presented. The advantages of each mode will be described. A description of SAR image characteristics including fore-shortening, layover and shadow will be shown. Range and azimuth ambiguities will be presented and techniques for mitigating them explained. Noise sources will be presented. Equations that control system performance will be presented including resolution, ambiguity levels, and sensitivity. Approaches to SAR image formation will be described including optical image formation and digital image formation. Algorithms such as polar formatting, seismic migration, range-Doppler and time-domain algorithms will be discussed. 3. Existing and future SAR systems. We will describe the suite of SAR systems currently operating. These will include all of the commercial spaceborne SAR systems as well as common airborne systems. Key features and advantages of each system will be described. A description of upcoming SAR missions will be provided. 4. SAR Image Exploitation. In this section of the class a number of SAR exploitation algorithms will be presented. The techniques described in this session rely on interpretation of detected images and are applied to both defense and scientific applications. A high-level description of polarimetric SAR will be presented and the unique capabilities it brings for new applications. (More polarimetry detail can be found in the ATI Advanced SAR course.) 5. Coherent SAR Exploitation. The coherent nature of SAR imagery will be described and several ways to exploit this unique characteristic will be presented. We will discuss the “importance of phase,” and show how this leads to incredible sensitivities. Coherent change detection will be described as well as basic interferometric applications for measuring elevation or centimeter-level ground motion. (More detail on interferometry can be found in the ATI Advanced SAR course.) Course Outline 1. SAR Review. A brief review of SAR technology, capabilities and terminology will set the stage for this Advanced SAR Class. 2. SAR System Engineering and Performance Prediction. The factors that control the quality of SAR imagery produced from a given system will be developed and presented. This includes noise- equivalent sigma zero (sensitivity) calculations, trade-offs in terms of resolution verses coverage, and the impact of hardware selection including radar echo quantization (ADCs), antenna area and gain. Parameters that affect PRF selection will be described and a nomogrammatic approach for PRF selection will be presented. Specialized techniques to improve SAR performance will be described. 3. Design-A-SAR. Using an ideal implementation of the radar equation, we will design a simplified SAR system and predict its performance. During this interactive session, the students will select radar “requirements” including radar frequency, coverage, resolution, data rate, sensitivity, aperture size and power; and the system performance will be determined. This interactive presentation of design trade-offs will clearly illustrate the challenges involved in building a realistic SAR system. 4. SAR Polarimetry. We will first review polarimetric SAR principles and described single-pol, dual-pol and quad-pol SAR systems and how they operate. Hybrid and compact polarimetry will also be described. Polarization basis will be presented and we will discuss why one basis may be more useful than another for a particular application. Examples of using polarimetric data for performing SAR image segmentation and classification will be presented including decomposition approaches such as Cloud, Freeman-Durden and Yamaguchi. Polarimetric Change detection will be introduced. 5. Advance SAR Interferometry. Techniques that exploit mutually coherent acquisitions of SAR data will be presented. We will first review two-pass interferometric SAR for elevation mapping and land movement measurements. This will be expanded to using multiple observations for obtaining time series results. Model-based methods that exploit redundant information for extracting unknown tropospheric phase errors and other unknown noise sources will be presented (e.g. Permanent Scatterer Interferometry). Examples of these data products will be provided, and a description of new exploitation products that can be derived will be presented. 6. Future and potential applications and systems. A survey of current work going on in the SAR community will be presented, and indications as to where this may lead in the future. This will include an overview of recent breakthroughs in system design and operations, image/signal processing, processing hardware, exploitation, data collection and fusion.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 45 Unmanned Air Vehicle Design September 24-26, 2013 Columbia, Maryland January 28-30, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day short course covers the design of unmanned air vehicles. The course will cover the history and classes of UAVs, requirement definition, command and control concepts and UAV aircraft design. It provides first-hand understanding of the entire design and development process for unmanned vehicles from their involvement in the DARPA MAV development and as the lead for the Army’s Brigade Combat Team Modernization Class I, Increment Two vehicle. The instructor is currently working towards first flight and was a key contributor to requirements development, conceptual design, design optimization. UAV’s history will be covered and the lessons learned and the breadth of the design space. UAV’s are and will be key components of aviation. From the nano sized flapping vehicles to the extreme duration of high altitude surveillance vehicles. Each student will be provided a hard copy of the presentations and the text book, Fundamentals of Aircraft and Airship Design: Volume I -Aircraft Design, by Leland M. Nicolai. Instructor Mr. Paul Gelhausen is Founder, Managing Member and Chief Technical Officer of an aerospace company. He holds a B.S. and M.S. degrees in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Michigan and Stanford University, respectively. Mr. Gelhausen provides technical managerial leadership in design, simulation, and testing of advanced ducted fan vehicle configurations as well as providing technical and managerial leadership in the definition of future vehicle requirements to satisfy mission scenarios, functional decomposition, concept development and detailed systems and technology analysis. Prior to founding the company Mr. Gelhausen was a former NASA Langley Engineer where he led the configuration design, aerodynamic design and aerodynamic validation elements of the multi-center Mars Airplane Program including requirements generation, technical specifications,analysis planning, test planning and overall management. What You Will Learn • UAV design is not a simple task that can be fully learned in a short time, however, the scope of the problem can be outlined. • The design process is similar to any aircraft design, but there are unique tasks involved in replacing the intelligence of the pilot. • The long history of UAV’s and the breadth of the design space will be covered. • Lessons learned from experience and by observation will be shared in the course. • We will cover the tools and techniques that are used to make design decisions and modifications. • Representative practical examples of UAV will be presented. Course Outline 1. Introduction. • Brief history of UAV’s "How did toys become useful?" • Classes of UAV’s • Fixed Wing • Rotary Wing / VTOL • Micro 2. UAV Requirements Definition. • Operational Concepts • Mission definition • Requirements Flow-down 3. Command and Control Concepts. • Ground based operation • Autonomous operation • Systems and subsystems definition • System Safety and Reliability Concerns 4. UAV Aircraft Design. • Configuration • Aerodynamics • Propulsion and propulsion system integration concepts • Structures • Performance • Flight Controls and Handling Qualities • Operational influences on control strategies • Vehicle analysis & how it affects control strategies • Make sure you have enough sensor bandwidth • Making sure you have enough control surfaces / power / bandwidth (choosing an actuator) • Gust rejection and trajectory performance driven by 5. Case study Examples. • Case study 1: Large turbine design • Case study 2: Small piston engine design • Cost Analysis • Development • Manufacturing • Operations • Disposal • Design Tools • Design Optimization
  • 46 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Instructor Dr (Col Ret) Jerry LeMieux, President of Unmanned Vehicle University, has over 40 years and 10,000 hours of aviation experience. He has over 30 years of experience in operations, program management, systems engineering, R&D and test and evaluation for AEW, fighter and tactical data link acquisition programs. As the Network Centric Systems Wing Commander he led 1,300 personnel and managed 100 network and data link acquisition programs with a five year portfolio valued at more than $22 billion. In civilian life he consults for the US FAA, Air Force, Army, Navy, NASA and DARPA. He holds a PhD in electrical engineering and is a graduate of Air War College and Defense Acquisition University. He has over 20 years of academic experience at MIT, Boston University, University of Maryland, Daniel Webster College and Embry Riddle Aeronautical University. Dr LeMieux is a National expert on sense and avoid systems for UAVs and is working with FAA & RTCA to integrate UAS into National Airspace. What You Will Learn • Definitions, Concepts & General UAS Principles. • Types, Classification and Civilian Roles. • Characteristics of UAS Sensors. • UAS Communications and Data Links. • NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 4586. • Alternatives to GPS and INS Navigation. • Need for Regulation and Problems with Airspace Integration. • Ground and Airborne Sense & Avoid Systems. • Lost Link and ATC Communication/Management Procedures. • Principles of UAS Design & Alternative Power. • Improving Reliability with Fault Tolerant Control Systems. • Principles of Autonomous Control & Alternative Navigation. • Future Capabilities Including Space Transport, Hypersonic, UCAS, Pseudo-satellites and Swarming. Unmanned Aircraft System Fundamentals Design, Airspace Integration & Future Capabilities Summary This 3-day, classroom instructional program is designed to meet the needs of engineers, researchers and operators. The participants will gain a working knowledge of UAS system classification, payloads, sensors, communications and data links. You will learn the current regulation for small UAS operation The principles of UAS conceptual design and human factors design considerations are described. The requirements and airspace issues for integrating UAS into civilian National Airspace is covered in detail. The need to improve reliability using redundancy and fault tolerant control systems is discussed. Multiple roadmaps are used to illustrate future UAS mission s. Alternative propulsion systems with solar and fuel cell energy sources and multiple UAS swarming are presented as special topics. Each attendee will also receive a copy of Dr. LeMieux’s textbook Introduction to Unmanned Systems: Air, Ground, Sea & Space: Technologies & Commercial Applications (Vol. 1). Course Outline 1. UAS Basics. Definition, attributes, manned vs unmanned, design considerations, life cycle costs, architecture, components, air vehicle, payload, communications, data link, ground control station. 2. UAS Types & Civilian Roles. Categories/Classification, UK & In- ternational classifications, law enforcement, disaster relief, fire detec- tion & assessment, customs & border patrol, nuclear inspection. 3. UAS Sensors & Characteristics: Sensor Acquisition, Electro Op- tical (EO), Infrared (IR), Multi Spectral Imaging (MSI), Hyper Spectral Im- aging (HSI), Light Detection & Ranging (LIDAR), Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Atmospheric Weather Effects, Space Weather Effects. 4. Alternative Power: Solar and Fuel Cells: The Need for Alterna- tive Propulsion for UAS, Alternative Power Trends & Forecast, Solar Cells & Solar Energy, SolarAircraft Challenges, Solar Wing Design, Past Solar Designs, Energy Storage Methods & Density, Fuel Cell Basics & UAS Integration, Fuel Cells Used in Current Small UAS, Hybrid Power. 5. Communications & Data Links. Current State of Data Links, Future Data Link Needs, Line of Sight Fundamentals, Beyond Line of Sight Fundamentals, UAS Communications Failure, Link Enhancements, STANAG 4586, Multi UAS Control. 6. UAS Conceptual Design. UAS Design Process, Airframe Design Considerations, Launch & Recovery Methods, Propulsion, Control & Stability, Ground Control System, Support Equipment, Transportation. 7. Human Machine Interface. Human Factors Engineering Explained Human Machine Interface, Computer Trends, Voice Recognition & Control Haptic Feedback, Spatial Audio (3D Audio), AFRL MIIRO, Synthetic Vision Brain Computer Interface, CRM. 8. Sense and Avoid Systems. Sense and Avoid Function ,Needs for Sense and Avoid, TCAS, TCAS on UAS, ADS-B, Non Cooperative FOV & Detection Requirements, Optical Sensors, Acoustic & Microwave Sensors. 9. UAS Civil Airspace Issues. Current State, UAS Worldwide De- mand, UAS Regulation & Airspace Problems, Existing Federal UAS Regulation Equivalent Level of Safety, Airspace Categories, AFRL/JPDO Workshop Results, Collision Avoidance & Sense and Avoid, Recommendations. 10. Civil Airspace Integration Efforts. Civil UAS News, FAA Civil UAS Roadmap, UAS Certificate of Authorization Process, UAPO Interim Operational Approval Guidance (8-01), 14 CFR 107 Rule, NASA UAS R&D Plan, NASA Study Results, RTCA SC 203, UAS R&D Plan, FAA Reauthorization Bill, Six Test Sites. 11. UAS Navigation. Satellite Navigation, Inertial Navigation, Sensor Fusion for Navigation, Image Navigation (Skysys), Locatta, Satellite/INS/Video, (NAVSYS), Image Aided INS (NAVSYS). 12. Autonomous Control. Vision, Definitions, Automatic Control, Automatic Air to Air Refueling, Autonomy, Advanced AI Applications, Intelligent Control Techniques. 13. UAS Swarming. History of Swarming, Swarming Battles, Modern Military Swarming, Swarming Characteristics, Swarming Concepts, Emergent Behavior, Swarming Algorithms, Swarm Communications. 14. Future Capabilities. Space UAS & Global Strike, Advanced Hypersonic Weapon, Submarine Launched UAS, UCAS, Pseudo- satellites, Future Military Missions & Technologies. February 25-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 47 September 24-26, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. What You Will Learn • In depth view of the CISO role and how to become one. • How to translate between tactical and strategic cyber security efforts and translate them into organizational needs. • How to protect your organization from threats and liability. • Data Governance efforts around Privacy, HIPPA, Safety, Legal, Financial, PCI, and Critical Infrastructure. • How to select the most appropriate solutions based on user and business requirements. Course Outline 1. Introduction. The CISO Role, and its evolution as well as forecast to where the role may grow. 2. Business Resilience. A holistic view of enterprise risks that organizations face and techniques of how the CISO can respond to those risks. The goals and practices of the CERT- Resiliency Management Model will be used throughout the discussion. 3. Data Governance. In order for users to be productive, data must be shared and with the sharing of data comes risk to the organization. This section will discuss various data governance challenges and what to strategies you can use to lower your exposure while keeping users productive. 4. Operational Risk Management. There are many risk management frameworks in publication however each organization is unique. This section will discuss the various frameworks. The pro’s, Con’s and overlap for each and how you can leverage the good stuff tactically. 5. Investment & Measurement. Discussions around “How Much capability do I get per dollar spent?” and “Compliance does not result in good security, but good security does result in compliance” will be central themes throughout this section. You will learn about what really matters and how to invest in those capabilities. Basic budgeting, contracts, total cost of ownership and technology financial planning will also be covered. 6. Systems Security Engineering. We are vulnerable because we deploy vulnerable systems, in this section various Systems Security Engineering practices will be covered and how to rally leadership to invest in them. 7. Threats, Vulnerabilities and Countermeasures. We will discuss the various threats to the organization from cyber crime to nation state activities and intellectual property protection. Additionally we will discuss the history of countermeasures used, how effective they are and what the future holds. 8. Secure Architecture Strategies. An in depth technical section encompassing all layer of architecture challenges, from Mobile devices, to cloud, tactical and strategic sensors, Identity management and discussion on a zero trust environment. 9. Legal & Liability. Do you know what records are open to e-Discovery? Did you know that you could need Cyber Insurance? We will discuss the hidden risk that technologists may not be aware of and how you can manage those issues. 10. Strategic Planning and leadership. Don’t be a “No” CISO, we will discuss how to build relationships with your peers and leadership as well as leading by example for your own organization. With the CISO role ever increasing in responsibility this is one of the most critical skills that CISO’s need to master. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) - Fundamentals Summary The role of the Chief Information Security Officer continues to evolve and mature with the blending of technology protection aligned with organizational object. This three-day course provides a comprehensive view at all the various technical and non-technical challenges that CISO’s face, both internally and externally to the organization. Whether you’re a seasoned pro or looking for the path to becoming a CISO, this course will provide value. The courData Governance, Business Resiliency, Investment & Measurement, and Legal & Liability challenges, Secure Architecture Strategies, Operational Risk Management, Threats Vulnerabilities & Countermeasures, Systems Security Engineering, as well as Strategic Planning and Leadership. A core aspect of this course will be to define and discuss the unique challenges that students face both within the federal and private sectors. Each student will receive a complete set of lecture notes plus a data CD containing a robust set of references and tools. Instructor Adam Meyer is currently the Chief Information Security Officer for the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, the second largest public transportation system in the country. Prior to becoming the CISO for WMATA, Adam served as the Director of Information Assurance/Cyber Security for the Naval Air Warfare Center. Prior to focusing on the Cyber Security discipline, Adam has served in positions supporting Network Engineering & Operations, Enterprise Architecture & Configuration Management, Emergency Power and Systems Engineering for organizations such as White House Communications, Army Pentagon, Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) and the Intelligence Community. He served as a Professor of Practice and IA Advisory board member for Capitol College. Adam received his undergraduate degree in Information Technology Management from American Military University, a master’s degree in Information Assurance from Capitol College and holds multiple CISSP and CNSSI certifications. NEW!
  • 48 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Summary This three-day (four-day virtual) course is intended for operational leaders and programmatic staff involved in the planning, analysis, or testing of Cyber Warfare and Network-Centric systems. The course will provide perspective on emerging policy, doctrine, strategy, and operational constraints affecting the development of cyber warfare systems. This knowledge will greatly enhance participants' ability to develop operational systems and concepts that will produce integrated, controlled, and effective cyber effects at each warfare level. U.S. citizenship required for students registered in this course. Instructor Albert Kinney is a retired Naval Officer and holds a Masters Degree in electrical engineering. His professional experience includes more than 20 years of experience in research and operational cyberspace mission areas including the initial development and first operational employment of the Naval Cyber Attack Team. What You Will Learn • What are the relationships between cyber warfare, information assurance, information operations, and network-centric warfare? • How can a cyber warfare capability enable freedom of action in cyberspace? • What are legal constraints on cyber warfare? • How can cyber capabilities meet standards for weaponization? • How should cyber capabilities be integrated with military exercises? • How can military and civilian cyberspace organizations prepare and maintain their workforce to play effective roles in cyberspace? • What is the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI)? From this course you will obtain in-depth knowledge and awareness of the cyberspace domain, its functional characteristics, and its organizational inter-relationships enabling your organization to make meaningful contributions in the domain of cyber warfare through technical consultation, systems development, and operational test & evaluation Course Outline 1. Global Internet Governance. 2. A Cyber Power Framework. 3. Global Supply Chain & Outsourcing Issues. 4. Critical Infrastructure Issues. 5. U.S. Cyberspace Doctrine and Strategy. 6. Cyberspace as a Warfare Domain. 7. Netcentricity. 8. U.S. Organizational Constructs in Cyber Warfare. 9. Legal Considerations for Cyber Warfare. 10. Operational Theory of Cyber Warfare. 11. Operational and Tactical Maneuver in Cyberspace - Stack Positioning. 12. Capability Development & Weaponization. 13. Cyber Warfare Training and Exercise Requirements. 14. Command & Control for Cyber Warfare. 15. Cyber War Case Study . 16. Human Capital in Cybersecurity. 17. Survey of International Cyber Warfare Doctrine & Capabilities. 18. Large-Scale Cybersecurity Mechanisms. 19. Social Considerations in Cybersecurity – Culture & the Human Interface. 20. Cybersecurity, Civil Liberties, & Freedom Around the World . 21. Non-State Actor Trends - Cyber Crime, Cyber Terrorism, Hactivism. 22. Homeland Security Case Study / Industrial Espionage Case Study. February XXXXX, 2014 Columbia, Maryland (8:30am - 4:00pm) April 7-10, 2014 LIVE Instructor-led Virtual (Noon - 4:30pm) $1790 Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Cyber Warfare – Global Trends
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 49 Digital Video Systems, Broadcast and Operations What You Will Learn • How compressed digital video systems work and how to use them effectively. • Where all the compressed digital video systems fit together in history, application and implementation. • Where encryption and conditional access fit in and what systems are available today. • How do tape-based broadcast facilities differ from server-based facilities? • What services are evolving to complement digital video? • What do you need to know to upgrade / purchase a digital video system? • What are the various options for transmitting and distributing digital video? Instructor Sidney Skjei is president of Skjei Telecom, Inc., an engineering and broadcasting consulting firm. He has supported digital video systems planning, development and implementation for a large number of commercial organizations, including PBS, CBS, Boeing, and XM Satellite Radio. He also works for smaller television stations and broadcast organizations. He is frequently asked to testify as an Expert Witness in digital video system. Mr. Skjei holds an MSEE from the Naval Postgraduate School and is a licensed Professional Engineer in Virginia. Summary This four-day course is designed to make the student aware of digital video systems in use today and planned for the near future, including how they are used, transmitted, and received. From this course you will obtain the ability to understand the various evolving digital video standards and equipment, their use in current broadcast systems, and the concerns/issues that accompany these advancements. March 17-20, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1940 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Technical Background. Types of video. Advantages and disadvantages. Digitizing video. Digital compression techniques. 2. Proprietary Digital Video Systems. Digicipher. DirecTV. Other systems. 3. Videoconferencing Systems Overview. 4. MPEG1 Digital Video. Why it was developed. Technical description. Operation and Transmission. 5. MPEG2 Digital Video. Why it was developed. Technical description. Operation and Transmission. 4:2:0 vs 4:2:2 profile. MPEG profiles and levels. 6. DVB Enhancements to MPEG2. What DVB does and why it does it. DVB standards review. What DVB-S2 will accomplish and how. 7. DTV (or ATSC) use of MPEG2. How DTV uses MPEG2. DTV overview. 8. MPEG4 Advanced Simple Profile. Why it was developed. Technical description. Operation and Transmission. 9. New Compression Systems. MPEG-4-10 or H.26L. Windows Media 9. How is different. How improved. Transcoding from MPEG 2 to MPEG 4. JPEG 2000. 10. Systems in use today: DBS systems (e.g. DirecTV, Echostar) and DARS systems (XM Radio, Sirius). 11. Encryption and Conditional Access Systems. Types of conditional access / encryption systems. Relationship to subscriber management systems. Key distribution methods. Smart cards. 12. Digital Video Transmission. Over fiber optic cables or microwaves. Over the Internet – IP video. Over satellites. Private networks vs. public. 13. Delivery to the Home. Comparing and contrasting terrestrial broadcasting, satellite (DBS), cable and others. 14. Production - Pre to Post. Production formats. Digital editing. Graphics.Computer Animations. Character generation. Virtual sets, ads and actors. Video transitions and effects. 15. Origination Facilities. Playback control and automation. Switching and routing and redundancy. System-wide timing and synchronization. Trafficking ads and interstitials. Monitoring and control. 16. Storage Systems. Servers vs. physical media. Caching vs. archival. Central vs. distributed storage. 17. Digital Manipulation. Digital Insertion. Bit Stream Splicing. Statistical Multiplexing. 18. Asset Management. What is metadata. Digital rights management. EPGs. 19. Digital Copying. What the technology allows. What the law allows. 20. Video Associated Systems. Audio systems and methods. Data encapsulation systems and methods. Dolby digital audio systems handling in the broadcast center. 21. Operational Considerations. Selecting the right systems. Encoders. Receivers / decoders. Selecting the right encoding rate. Source video processing. System compatibility issues.
  • 50 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Fiber Optic Communication Systems Engineering What You Will Learn • What are the basic elements in analog and digital fiber optic communication systems including fiber-optic components and basic coding schemes? • How fiber properties such as loss, dispersion and non- linearity impact system performance. • How systems are compensated for loss, dispersion and non-linearity. • How a fiber-optic amplifier works and it’s impact on system performance. • How to maximize fiber bandwidth through wavelength division multiplexing. • How is the fiber-optic link budget calculated? • What are typical characteristics of real fiber-optic systems including CATV, gigabit Ethernet, POF data links, RF-antenna remoting systems, long-haul telecommunication links. • How to perform cost analysis and system design? April 8-10, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This three-day course investigates the basic aspects of digital and analog fiber-optic communication systems. Topics include sources and receivers, optical fibers and their propagation characteristics, and optical fiber systems. The principles of operation and properties of optoelectronic components, as well as signal guiding characteristics of glass fibers are discussed. System design issues include both analog and digital point-to- point optical links and fiber-optic networks. From this course you will obtain the knowledge needed to perform basic fiber-optic communication systems engineering calculations, identify system tradeoffs, and apply this knowledge to modern fiber optic systems. This will enable you to evaluate real systems, communicate effectively with colleagues, and understand the most recent literature in the field of fiber-optic communications. Instructor Dr. Raymond M. Sova is a section supervisor of the Photonic Devices and Systems section and a member of the Principal Professional Staff of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has a Bachelors degree from Pennsylvania State University in Electrical Engineering, a Masters degree in Applied Physics and a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from Johns Hopkins University. With nearly 17 years of experience, he has numerous patents and papers related to the development of high-speed photonic and fiber optic devices and systems that are applied to communications, remote sensing and RF-photonics. His experience in fiber optic communications systems include the design, development and testing of fiber communication systems and components that include: Gigabit ethernet, highly- parallel optical data link using VCSEL arrays, high data rate (10 Gb/sec to 200 Gb/sec) fiber-optic transmitters and receivers and free-space optical data links. He is an assistant research professor at Johns Hopkins University and has developed three graduate courses in Photonics and Fiber-Optic Communication Systems that he teaches in the Johns Hopkins University Whiting School of Engineering Part-Time Program. Course Outline Part I: FUNDAMENTALS OF FIBER OPTIC COMPONENTS 1. Fiber Optic Communication Systems. Introduction to analog and digital fiber optic systems including terrestrial, undersea, CATV, gigabit Ethernet, RF antenna remoting, and plastic optical fiber data links. 2. Optics and Lightwave Fundamentals. Ray theory, numerical aperture, diffraction, electromagnetic waves, polarization, dispersion, Fresnel reflection, optical waveguides, birefringence, phase velocity, group velocity. 3. Optical Fibers. Step-index fibers, graded-index fibers, attenuation, optical modes, dispersion, non-linearity, fiber types, bending loss. 4. Optical Cables and Connectors. Types, construction, fusion splicing, connector types, insertion loss, return loss, connector care. 5. Optical Transmitters. Introduction to semiconductor physics, FP, VCSEL, DFB lasers, direct modulation, linearity, RIN noise, dynamic range, temperature dependence, bias control, drive circuitry, threshold current, slope efficiency, chirp. 6. Optical Modulators. Mach-Zehnder interferometer, Electro-optic modulator, electro-absorption modulator, linearity, bias control, insertion loss, polarization. 7. Optical Receivers. Quantum properties of light, PN, PIN, APD, design, thermal noise, shot noise, sensitivity characteristics, BER, front end electronics, bandwidth limitations, linearity, quantum efficiency. 8. Optical Amplifiers. EDFA, Raman, semiconductor, gain, noise, dynamics, power amplifier, pre-amplifier, line amplifier. 9. Passive Fiber Optic Components. Couplers, isolators, circulators, WDM filters, Add-Drop multiplexers, attenuators. 10. Component Specification Sheets. Interpreting optical component spec. sheets - what makes the best design component for a given application. Part II: FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS 11. Design of Fiber Optic Links. Systems design issues that are addressed include: loss-limited and dispersion limited systems, power budget, rise-time budget and sources of power penalty. 12. Network Properties. Introduction to fiber optic network properties, specifying and characterizing optical analog and digital networks. 13. Optical Impairments. Introduction to optical impairments for digital and analog links. Dispersion, loss, non- linearity, optical amplifier noise, laser clipping to SBS (also distortions), back reflection, return loss, CSO CTB, noise. 14. Compensation Techniques. As data rates of fiber optical systems go beyond a few Gbits/sec, dispersion management is essential for the design of long-haul systems. The following dispersion management schemes are discussed: pre-compensation, post-compensation, dispersion compensating fiber, optical filters and fiber Bragg gratings. 15. WDM Systems. The properties, components and issues involved with using a WDM system are discussed. Examples of modern WDM systems are provided. 16. Digital Fiber Optic Link Examples: Worked examples are provided for modern systems and the methodology for designing a fiber communication system is explained. Terrestrial systems, undersea systems, Gigabit ethernet, and plastic optical fiber links. 17. Analog Fiber Optic Link Examples: Worked examples are provided for modern systems and the methodology for designing a fiber communication system is explained. Cable television, RF antenna remoting, RF phased array systems. 18. Test and Measurement. Power, wavelength, spectral analysis, BERT jitter, OTDR, PMD, dispersion, SBS, Noise- Power-Ratio (NPR), intensity noise.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 109 – 51Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 51 EMI / EMC in Military Systems Includes Mil Std-461/464 & Troubleshooting Addendums What You Will Learn • How to identify, prevent, and fix common EMI/EMC problems in military systems? • Simple models and "rules of thumb" and to help you arrive at quick design decisions (NO heavy math). • EMI/EMC troubleshooting tips and techniques. • Design impact (by requirement) of military EMC specifications (MIL-STD-461 and MIL-STD-464) • EMI/EMC documentation requirements (Control Plans, Test Plans, and Test Reports). Instructors William (Bill) Kimmel, PE, has worked in the electronics field for over 45 years. He received his BSEE with distinction from the University of Minnesota. His experience includes design and systems engineering with industry leaders like Control Data and Sperry Defense Systems. Since, 1987, he has been involved exclusively with EMI/EMC as a founding partner of Kimmel Gerke Associates, Ltd. Bill has qualified numerous systems to industrial, commercial, military, medical, vehicular, and related EMI/EMC requirements. Daryl Gerke, PE, has worked in the electronics field for over 40 years. He received his BSEE from the University of Nebraska. His experience ranges includes design and systems engineering with industry leaders like Collins Radio, Sperry Defense Systems, Tektronix, and Intel. Since 1987, he has been involved exclusively with EMI/EMC as a founding partner of Kimmel Gerke Associates, Ltd. Daryl has qualified numerous systems to industrial, commercial, military, medical, vehicular, and related EMI/EMC requirements. Summary Systems EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) involves the control of EMI (Electromagnetic Interference) at the systems, facility, and platform levels (e.g. outside the box.) This three-day course provides a comprehensive treatment of EMI/EMC problems in military systems. These include both the box level requirements of MIL-STD-461 and the systems level requirements of MIL-STD-464. The emphasis is on prevention through good EMI/EMC design techniques - grounding, shielding, cable management, and power interface design. Troubleshooting techniques are also addressed in an addendum. Please note - this class does NOT address circuit boards issues. Each student will receive a copy of the EDN Magazine Designer's Guide to EMC by Daryl Gerke and William Kimmel, along with a complete set of lecture notes. September 24-26, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1490 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Introduction. Interference sources, paths, and receptors. Identifying key EMI threats - power disturbances, radio frequency interference, electrostatic discharge, self- compatibility. Key EMI concepts - Frequency and impedance, Frequency and time, Frequency and dimensions. Unintentional antennas related to dimensions. 2. Grounding - A Safety Interface. Grounds defined. Ground loops and single point grounds. Multipoint grounds and hybrid grounds. Ground bond corrosion. Lightning induced ground bounce. Ground currents through chassis. Unsafe grounding practice. 3. Power - An Energy Interface. Types of power disturbances. Common impedance coupling in shared ground and voltage supply. Transient protection. EMI power line filters. Isolation transformers. Regulators and UPS. Power harmonics and magnetic fields. 4. Cables and Connectors - A Signal Interface. Cable coupling paths. Cable shield grounding and termination. Cable shield materials. Cable and connector ferrites. Cable crosstalk. Classify cables and connectors. 5. Shielding - An Electromagnetic Field Interface. Shielding principles. Shielding failures. Shielding materials. EMI gaskets for seams. Handling large openings. Cable terminations and penetrations. 6. Systems Solutions. Power disturbances. Radio frequency interference. Electrostatic discharge. Electromagnetic emissions. 7. MIL-STD-461 & MIL-STD-464 Addendum. Background on MIL-STD-461 and MIL-STD-464. Design/proposal impact of individual requirements (emphasis on design, NOT testing.) Documentation requirements - Control Plans, Test Plans, Test Reports. 8. EMC Troubleshooting Addemdum. Troubleshooting vs Design & Test. Using the "Differential Diagnosis" Methodology Diagnostic and Isolation Techniques - RFI, power, ESD, emissions.
  • 52 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 November 5-6, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1245 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. What You Will Learn • The power of dimensional thinking - the dimensionality of the innovator's vision and the innovation. • The innovative cycle. • How to measure innovation and its impact. • The different types of technical innovative activities and their most effective uses. • Tools for enabling innovation. • Key issues of patent protection that innovators must know and practice in order to be outstandingly effective and valuable. Dr. Hershey is not an attorney but has published extensively on patent issues. Course Outline 1. The Dimensional Mindset. When to be a technician and when to be a visionary. 2. How To Perform Quantitative Innovation. The good, the bad, the ugly. 3. How To Perform Qualitative Innovation. Envisioning in one or more than one dimension. 4. Patent data mining. A possible way to shorten R&D time and expense. 5. The "Bottom Line". Not a number but rather a mindset and attitude for the accomplished innovator in order to effectively link the innovative effort to the bottom line requirements. 6. Regulation. A gift of opportunity. 7. The Criticality of Clear Expression. 8. Modules For Leading Discussion Groups Back Home. 9. The Utility of The Concept of Innovative. "White space." 10. How To Measure Innovation. First looking backwards and using that perspective as insight to shaping the future. 11. The Basics of The Patenting Process and Different Ways To Use It. 12. Short Reviews of Spread Spectrum. Orbital mechanics, and cryptography as a basis for real examples in innovative history. 13. Focusing Innovation Using Transfer Functions. 14. Understanding Innovators and Bringing The Innovator Out Of Yourself. Summary This two-day course is targeted first to help the participants understand the technical innovation process and to unlock their innovative powers and, second, to ground the participants in the art and science of patent protection. Each student will receive a copy of Dr. Hershey’s text, The Eureka Method: How to Think Like an Inventor. Instructor Dr. John Hershey is a consultant and trainer having retired as a senior member of the technical staff at the general Electric Global Research Center. He has forty years of engineering experience in the government intelligence community, Dept. of Commerce, and private industry. He holds 187 US patents, has coauthored 2 encyclopedia entries and 8 books on system theory, LEO satellites, spread spectrum communications, and, the latest two, Cryptography Demystified, in the McGraw-Hill “demystified” series and, The Eureka Method, also with McGraw-Hill. He is an elected Fellow of the IEEE “for contributions to secure communications” and he has served as an adjunct faculty member for several universities and as an ABET program evaluator. Eureka Method: How to Think Like An Inventor Innovation in the 21st Century NEW!
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 53 Summary This two-day course covers the basics of probability and statistic analysis. The course is self-contained and practical, using Excel to perform the fundamental calculations. Students are encouraged to bring their laptops to work provided Excel example problems. By the end of the course you will be comfortable with statistical concepts and able to perform and understand statistical calculations by hand and using Excel. You will understand probabilities, statistical distributions, confidence levels and hypothesis testing, using tools that are available in Excel. Participants will receive a complete set of notes and the textbook Statistical Analysis with Excel. Instructor Dr. Alan D. Stuart, Associate Professor Emeritus of Acoustics, Penn State, has over forty years in the field of sound and vibration where he applied statistics to the design of experiments and analysis of data. He has degrees in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and engineering acoustics and has taught for over thirty years on both the graduate and undergraduate levels. For the last eight years, he has taught Applied Statistics courses at government and industrial organizations throughout the country. What You Will Learn • Working knowledge of statistical terms. • Use of distribution functions to estimate probabilities. • How to apply confidence levels to real-world problems. • Applications of hypothesis testing. • Useful ways of summarizing statistical data. • How to use Excel to analyze statistical data. Statistics with Excel Examples Fundamentals September 24-25, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1240 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Introduction to Statistics. Definition of terms and concepts with simple illustrations. Measures of central tendency: Mean, mode, medium. Measures of dispersion: Variance, standard deviation, range. Organizing random data. Introduction to Excel statistics tools. 2. Basic Probability. Probability based on: equally likely events, frequency, axioms. Permutations and combinations of distinct objects. Total, joint, conditional probabilities. Examples related to systems engineering. 3. Discrete Random Variables. Bernoulli trial. Binomial distributions. Poisson distribution. Discrete probability density functions and cumulative distribution functions. Excel examples. 4. Continuous Random Variables. Normal distribution. Uniform distribution. Triangular distribution. Log-normal distributions. Discrete probability density functions and cumulative distribution functions. Excel examples. 5. Sampling Distributions. Sample size considerations. Central limit theorem. Student-t distribution. 6. Functions of Random Variables. (Propagation of errors) Sums and products of random variables. Tolerance of mechanical components. Electrical system gains. 7. System Reliability. Failure and reliability statistics. Mean time to failure. Exponential distribution. Gamma distribution. Weibull distribution. 8. Confidence Level. Confidence intervals. Significance of data. Margin of error. Sample size considerations. P-values. 9. Hypotheses Testing. Error analysis. Decision and detection theory. Operating characteristic curves. Inferences of two-samples testing, e.g. assessment of before and after treatments. 10. Probability Plots and Parameter Estimation. Percentiles of data. Box whisker plots. Probability plot characteristics. Excel examples of Normal, Exponential and Weibull plots.. 11. Data Analysis. Introduction to linear regression, Error variance, Pearson linear correlation coefficients, Residuals pattern, Principal component analysis (PCA) of large data sets. Excel examples. 12. Special Topics of Interest to Class.
  • 54 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 NEW! Summary System reliability and availability are crucial metrics within all telecommunications fields. Engineers within the telecommunications industry require the ability to quantify these metrics for use in service level agreements, system design decisions and daily operations. Increasing system complexity and software logic require new, more sophisticated tools for system modeling and metric calculation than those available in current literature. This 4-day course provides the communications engineer the tools to connect abstract systems reliability theory, system topology and computer simulation to predict and measure quantitative statistical performance metrics such as reliability, availability and maintainability. Each student will receive a copy of Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering, Theory and Practice in addition to a complete set of lecture notes. Instructor Mark Ayers is manager of RF Engineering at GCI Communications Corp headquartered in Anchorage, Alaska. Mark has a broad range of telecommunications experience including work in fiber optics, microwave radio and satellite network design. Mark holds a B.S. degree in Mathematics from the University of Alaska Anchorage and an M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of Alaska Fairbanks. He is a registered Professional Electrical Engineer in the State of Alaska and a senior member in the IEEE. Mark teaches a variety of courses as an adjunct faculty member in the Engineering Department at the University of Alaska Anchorage and is the author of the textbook Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering, Theory and Practice. What You Will Learn • Familiarity with the concepts of reliability and availability as they relate to telecommunications systems. • A comprehensive understanding of reliability theory, system analysis techniques and system modeling. • Skills and tools necessary to perform complex, detailed analyses using computer simulation techniques. • Specific applications of analysis theory to real telecommunications systems. • Practical techniques to determine proper sparing levels. • How software and firmware impact the overall reliability and availability performance of telecommunications systems. Students taking this course will have a complete grasp of the importance and value of rigorous reliability analysis on a system’s design. Telecommunications System Reliability Engineering February 24-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $2045 (8:30am - 4:30pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Reliability engineering and its relationship to communications. Historical development of reliability engineering as an academic field. Relevance of reliability theory to communications systems, MIL spec, and Bellcore standards. 2. System reliability metrics. Commonly used reliability engineering metrics are discussed. These metrics include reliability, availability, failure rate, MTBF, and MTTR. 3. Reliability theory and random variables. Mathematics associated with reliability and availability models are presented. Statistical distributions and their applicability to TTF and TTR are discussed. 4. Reliability Block Diagrams. Success based networks of elements in serial or parallel. Used for determination of system reliability. 5. Markov Chain Analysis. State based analysis approach for the determination of availability in repairable systems. 6. Monte Carlo Simulation. Analysis technique using computer simulation to compute reliability and availability of an arbitrary configuration of components. 7. Fiber Optic Networks. Terrestrial and submarine systems including path protection and highly available system designs. 8. Microwave Networks. Long-haul, short-haul and local area microwave network reliability and availability are examined in detail including propagation effects and considerations (such as multi-path and rain fade). 9. Satellite Networks. Satellite earth station design and best practices, satellite redundancy considerations and propagation impacts. 10. Facilities. Telecommunications facilities generator systems, commercial power delivery and battery back sizing considerations. 11. Software and Firmware. IModels are presented along with consideration for accurate representation of the impact on system performance.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 55 Instructor D. Lee Fugal is the Founder and President of an independent consulting firm. He has over 30 years of industry experience in Digital Signal Processing (including Wavelets) and Satellite Communications. He has been a full- time consultant on numerous assignments since 1991. Recent projects include Excision of Chirp Jammer Signals using Wavelets, design of Space-Based Geolocation Systems (GPS & Non-GPS), and Advanced Pulse Detection using Wavelet Technology. He has taught upper-division University courses in DSP and in Satellites as well as Wavelet short courses and seminars for Practicing Engineers and Management. He holds a Masters in Applied Physics (DSP) from the University of Utah, is a Senior Member of IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE Third Millennium Medal. Summary Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) are in wide use and work very well if your signal stays at a constant frequency (“stationary”). But if the signal could vary, have pulses, “blips” or any other kind of interesting behavior then you need Wavelets. Wavelets are remarkable tools that can stretch and move like an amoeba to find the hidden “events” and then simultaneously give you their location, frequency, and shape. Wavelet Transforms allow this and many other capabilities not possible with conventional methods like the FFT. This course is vastly different from traditional math- oriented Wavelet courses or books in that we use examples, figures, and computer demonstrations to show how to understand and work with Wavelets. This is a comprehensive, in-depth. up-to-date treatment of the subject, but from an intuitive, conceptual point of view. We do look at some key equations but only AFTER the concepts are demonstrated and understood so you can see the wavelets and equations “in action”. Each student will receive extensive course slides, a CD with MATLAB demonstrations, and a copy of the instructor’s new book, Conceptual Wavelets. If convenient we recommend that you bring a laptop to this class.  A disc with the course materials will be provided and the laptop will allow you to utilize the materials in class.  Note: the laptop is NOT a requirement. “This course uses very little math, yet provides an in- depth understanding of the concepts and real-world applications of these powerful tools.” Course Outline 1. What is a Wavelet? Examples and Uses. “Waves” that can start, stop, move and stretch. Real-world applications in many fields: Signal and Image Processing, Internet Traffic, Airport Security, Medicine, JPEG, Finance, Pulse and Target Recognition, Radar, Sonar, etc. 2. Comparison with traditional methods. The concept of the FFT, the STFT, and Wavelets as all being various types of comparisons (correlations) with the data. Strengths, weaknesses, optimal choices. 3. The Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT). Stretching and shifting the Wavelet for optimal correlation. Predefined vs. Constructed Wavelets. 4. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). Shrinking the signal by factors of 2 through downsampling. Understanding the DWT in terms of correlations with the data. Relating the DWT to the CWT. Demonstrations and uses. 5. The Redundant Discrete Wavelet Transform (RDWT). Stretching the Wavelet by factors of 2 without downsampling. Tradeoffs between the alias-free processing and the extra storage and computational burdens. A hybrid process using both the DWT and the RDWT. Demonstrations and uses. 6. “Perfect Reconstruction Filters”. How to cancel the effects of aliasing. How to recognize and avoid any traps. A breakthrough method to see the filters as basic Wavelets. The “magic” of alias cancellation demonstrated in both the time and frequency domains. 7. Highly useful properties of popular Wavelets. How to choose the best Wavelet for your application. When to create your own and when to stay with proven favorites. 8. Compression and De-Noising using Wavelets. How to remove unwanted or non-critical data without throwing away the alias cancellation capability. A new, powerful method to extract signals from large amounts of noise. Demonstrations. 9. Additional Methods and Applications. Image Processing. Detecting Discontinuities, Self-Similarities and Transitory Events. Speech Processing. Human Vision. Audio and Video. BPSK/QPSK Signals. Wavelet Packet Analysis. Matched Filtering. How to read and use the various Wavelet Displays. Demonstrations. 10. Further Resources. The very best of Wavelet references. "Your Wavelets course was very helpful in our Radar studies. We often use wavelets now instead of the Fourier Transform for precision denoising." –Long To, NAWC WD, Point Wugu, CA "I was looking forward to this course and it was very re- warding–Your clear explanations starting with the big pic- ture immediately contextualized the material allowing us to drill a little deeper with a fuller understanding" –Steve Van Albert, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research "Good overview of key wavelet concepts and literature. The course provided a good physical understanding of wavelet transforms and applications." –Stanley Radzevicius, ENSCO, Inc. What You Will Learn • How to use Wavelets as a “microscope” to analyze data that changes over time or has hidden “events” that would not show up on an FFT. • How to understand and efficiently use the 3 types of Wavelet Transforms to better analyze and process your data. State-of-the-art methods and applications. • How to compress and de-noise data using advanced Wavelet techniques. How to avoid potential pitfalls by understanding the concepts. A “safe” method if in doubt. • How to increase productivity and reduce cost by choosing (or building) a Wavelet that best matches your particular application. February 11-13, 2014 San Diego, California June 10-12, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1895 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach Updated!
  • 56 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Wavelets Analysis: A Concise Guide What You Will Learn • Important mathematical structures of signal spaces: orthonormal bases and frames. • Time, frequency, and scale localizing transforms: the windowed Fourier transform and the continuous wavelet transform, and their implementation. • Multi-resolution analysis spaces, Haar and Shannon wavelet transforms. Orthogonal and biorthogonal wavelet transforms of compact support: implementation and applications. • Orthogonal wavelet packets, their implementation, and the best basis algorithm. • Wavelet transform implementation for 2D images and compression properties. From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform wavelet analysis of signals and image, and implement all the relevant algorithms. March 11-12, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1245 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Summary This two-day course is based on a course taught at the Johns Hopkins University Engineering for Professionals Masters’ Degree program, designed to introduce the fundamentals of wavelet analysis to a wide audience of engineers, physicists, and applied mathematicians. It complements the ATI Wavelets: A Conceptual Practical Approach in providing more mathematical depth and detail required for a thorough understanding of the theory and implementation in any programming language (GUI computer code in IDL will be provided to participants). The textbook Wavelets: A Concise Guide provided to all attendees. Instructor Dr. A. H. Najmi is a staff member of the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, and a member of the faculty (Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering) of the Johns Hopkins Whiting School Engineering for Professionals Masters’ degree programs. Dr. Najmi holds the degrees of D.Phil. in theoretical physics from the university of Oxford, M.Math., M.A., and B.A. in mathematics from the university of Cambridge. He is the author of the textbook Wavelets: A Concise Guide (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012). Course Outline 1. Mathematical structures of signal spaces. Review of important structures in function (signal) spaces required for analysis of signals, leading to orthogonal basis and frame representations and their inversion. 2. Linear time invariant systems. Review linear time invariant systems, convolutions and correlations, spectral factorization for finite length sequences, and perfect reconstruction quadrature mirror filters 3. Time, frequency and scale localizing transforms. The windowed Fourier transform and the continuous wavelet transform (CWT). Implementation of the CWT. 4. The Harr and Shannon wavelets. two extreme examples of orthogonal wavelet transforms, and corresponding scaling and wavelet equations, and their description in terms of FIR and IIR interscale coefficients. 5. General properties of scaling and wavelet functions. The Haar and Shannon wavelets are seen to be special cases of a more general set of relations defining multi-resolution analysis subspaces that lead to orthogonal and biorthogonal wavelet representations of signals. These relations are examined in both time and frequency domains. 6. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). The orthogonal discrete wavelet transform applied to finite length sequences, implementation, denoising and thresholding. Implementation of the biorthogonal discrete wavelet transform to finite length sequences. 7. Wavelet Regularity and Solutions. Response of the orthogonal DWT to data discontinuities and wavelet regularity. The Daubechies orthogonal wavelets of compact support. Biorthogonal wavelets of compact support and algebraic methods to solve for them. The lifting scheme to construct biorthogonal wavelets of compact support. 8. Orthogonal Wavelet Packets and the Best Basis Algorithm. Orthogonal wavelet packets and their properties in the time and frequency domains. The minimum entropy best basis algorithm and its implementation. 9. The 2D Wavelet Transform. The DWT applied to 2D (image) data using the product representation, and implementation of the algorithm. Application of the 2D DWT to image compression and comparison with the DCT.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 57 What You Will Learn • How to perform link budgets for types of spread spectrum communications? • How to evaluate different digital modulation/ demodulation techniques? • What additional techniques are used to enhance digital Comm links including; multiple access, OFDM, error detection/correction, FEC, Turbo codes? • What is multipath and how to reduce multipath and jammers including adaptive processes? • What types of satellite communications and satellites are being used and design techniques? • What types of networks & Comms are being used for commercial/military; ad hoc, mesh, WiFi, WiMAX, 3&4G, JTRS, SCA, SDR, Link 16, cognitive radios & networks? • What is a Global Positioning System? • How to solve a 3 dimension Direction Finding? From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to evaluate and develop the system design for wireless communication digital transceivers including spread spectrum systems. March 24-26, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Transceiver Design. dB power, link budgets, system design tradeoffs, S/N, Eb/No, Pe, BER, link margin, tracking noise, process gain, effects and advantages of using spread spectrum techniques. 2. Transmitter Design. Spread spectrum transmitters, PSK, MSK, QAM, CP-PSK, FH, OFDM, PN-codes, TDMA/CDMA/FDMA, antennas, T/R, LOs, upconverters, sideband elimination, PAs, VSWR. 3. Receiver Design. Dynamic range, image rejection, limiters, MDS, superheterodyne receivers, importance of LNAs, 3rd order intercept, intermods, spurious signals, two tone dynamic range, TSS, phase noise, mixers, filters, A/D converters, aliasing anti-aliasing filters, digital signal processors DSPs. 4. Automatic Gain Control Design & Phase Lock Loop Comparison. AGCs, linearizer, detector, loop filter, integrator, using control theory and feedback systems to analyze AGCs, PLL and AGC comparison. 5. Demodulation. Demodulation and despreading techniques for spread spectrum systems, pulsed matched filters, sliding correlators, pulse position modulation, CDMA, coherent demod, despreading, carrier recovery, squaring loops, Costas and modified Costas loops, symbol synch, eye pattern, inter-symbol interference, phase detection, Shannon's limit. 6. Basic Probability and Pulse Theory. Simple approach to probability, gaussian process, quantization error, Pe, BER, probability of detection vs probability of false alarm, error detection CRC, error correction, FEC, RS & Turbo codes, LDPC, Interleaving, Viterbi, multi-h, PPM, m-sequence codes. 7. Cognitive adaptive systems. Dynamic spectrum access, adaptive power gain control using closed loop feedback systems, integrated solutions of Navigational data and closed loop RSSI measurements, adaptive modulation, digital adaptive filters, adaptive cosite filters, use of AESAs for beamsteering, nullstearing, beam spoiling, sidelobe detection, communications using multipath, MIMO, and a combined cognitive system approach. 8. Improving the System Against Jammers. Burst jammers, digital filters, GSOs, adaptive filters, ALEs, quadrature method to eliminate unwanted sidebands, orthogonal methods to reduce jammers, types of intercept receivers. 9. Global Navigation Satellite Systems. Basic understanding of GPS, spread spectrum BPSK modulated signal from space, satellite transmission, signal structure, receiver, errors, narrow correlator, selective availability SA, carrier smoothed code, Differential DGPS, Relative GPS, widelane/narrowlane, carrier phase tracking KCPT, double difference. 10. Satellite Communications. ADPCM, FSS, geosynchronous / geostationary orbits, types of antennas, equivalent temperature analysis, G/T multiple access, propagation delay, types of satellites. 11. Broadband Communications and Networking. Home distribution methods, Bluetooth, OFDM, WiFi, WiMax, LTE, 3&4G cellular, QoS, military radios, JTRS, software defined radios, SCA, gateways, Link 16, TDMA, adaptive networks, mesh, ad hoc, on-the-move, MANETs, D-MANETs, cognitive radios and networks. 12. DF & Interferometer Analysis. Positioning and direction finding using interferometers, direction cosines, three dimensional approach, antenna position matrix, coordinate conversion for moving. Summary This three-day course is designed for wireless communication engineers involved with spread spectrum systems, and managers who wish to enhance their understanding of the wireless techniques that are being used in all types of communication systems and products. It provides an overall look at many types and advantages of spread spectrum systems that are designed in wireless systems today. Cognitive adaptive systems are discussed. This course covers an intuitive approach that provides a real feel for the technology, with applications that apply to both the government and commercial sectors. Students will receive a copy of the instructor's textbook, Transceiver and System Design for Digital Communications. Wireless Communications & Spread Spectrum Design Instructor Scott R. Bullock, P.E., MSEE, specializes in Wireless Communications including Spread Spectrum Systems and Broadband Communication Systems, Networking, Software Defined Radios and Cognitive Radios and Systems for both government and commercial uses. He holds 18 patents and 22 trade secrets in communications and has published several articles in various trade magazines. He was active in establishing the data link standard for GPS SCAT-I landing systems, the first handheld spread spectrum PCS cell phone, and developed spread spectrum landing systems for the government. He is the author of two books, Transceiver and System Design for Digital Communications & Broadband Communications and Home Networking, Scitech Publishing, He has taught seminars for several years to all the major communication companies, an adjunct professor at two colleges, and was a guest lecturer for Polytechnic University on "Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum and Multiple Access Technologies." He has held several high level engineering positions including VP, Senior Director, Director of R&D, Engineering Fellow, and Consulting Engineer.
  • 58 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Acoustics Fundamentals, Measurements, and Applications February 25-27, 2013 San Diego, California March 25-27, 2013 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Summary This three-day course is intended for engineers and other technical personnel and managers who have a work-related need to understand basic acoustics concepts and how to measure and analyze sound. This is an introductory course and participants need not have any prior knowledge of sound or vibration. Each topic is illustrated by appropriate applications, in-class demonstrations, and worked-out numerical examples. Since the practical uses of acoustics principles are vast and diverse, participants are encouraged to confer with the instructor (before, during, and after the course) regarding any work-related concerns. Each student will receive a copy of the textbook, Acoustics: An Introduction by Heinrich Kuttruff. Instructor Dr. Alan D. Stuart, Associate Professor Emeritus of Acoustics, Penn State, has over forty years experience in the field of sound and vibration. He has degrees in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and engineering acoustics. For over thirty years he has taught courses on the Fundamentals of Acoustics, Structural Acoustics, Applied Acoustics, Noise Control Engineering, and Sonar Engineering on both the graduate and undergraduate levels as well as at government and industrial organizations throughout the country. Course Outline 1. Introductory Concepts. Sound in fluids and solids. Sound as particle vibrations. Waveforms and frequency. Sound energy and power consideration. 2. Acoustic Waves in Air and Water. Air-borne sound. Plane and spherical acoustic waves. Sound pressure, intensity, and power. Decibel (dB) log power scale. Sound reflection and transmission at surfaces. Sound absorption. 3. Acoustic and Vibration Sensors. Human ear characteristics. Capacitor and piezoelectric microphone and hydrophone designs and response characteristics. Intensity probe design and operational limitations. Accelerometers design and frequency response. 4. Sound Measurements. Sound level meters. Time weighting (fast, slow, linear). Decibel scales (Linear and A-and C-weightings). Octave band analyzers. Narrow band spectrum analyzers. Critical bands of human hearing. Detecting tones in noise. Microphone calibration techniques. 5. Sound Radiation. Human speech mechanism. Loudspeaker design and response characteristics. Directivity patterns of simple and multi-pole sources: monopole, dipole and quadri-pole sources. Acoustic arrays and beamforming. Sound radiation from vibrating machines and structures. Radiation efficiency. 6. Low Frequency Components and Systems. Helmholtz resonator. Sound waves in ducts. Mufflers and their design. Horns and loudspeaker enclosures. 7. Applications. Representative topics include: Outdoor and underwater sound propagation (e.g. refraction due to temperature and other effects). Environmental acoustics (e.g. community noise response and criteria). Auditorium and room acoustics (e.g. reverberation criteria and sound absorption). Structural acoustics (e.g. sound transmission loss through panels). Noise andvibration control (e.g.source-path-receiver model). Topics of interest to the course participants. What You Will Learn • How to make proper sound level measurements. • How to analyze and report acoustic data. • The basis of decibels (dB) and the A-weighting scale. • How intensity probes work and allow near-field sound measurements. • How to measure radiated sound power and sound transmission loss. • How to use third-octave bands and narrow-band spectrum analyzers. • How the source-path-receiver approach is used in noise control engineering. • How sound builds up in enclosures like vehicle interiors and rooms. Recent attendee comments ... “Great instructor made the course in- teresting and informative. Helped clear-up many misconceptions I had about sound and its measurement.” “Enjoyed the in-class demonstrations; they help explain the concepts. In- structor helped me with a problem I was having at work, worth the price of the course!”
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 59 Instructor Vincent J. Capone, M.SC. has worked in the ocean science fields for over thirty years with a focus on remote sensing/survey operations. He has conducted sonar operations in depths of as little as 1 meter and down to over 3000m in every type of environment. Vince has conducted hundreds of side scan sonar operations for government agencies, law enforcement and commercial clients. He is a sonar instructor for the US Navy and has assisted in the recovery of debris from the space shuttle Coumbia as well as the recent recovery of Saturn V engines from the deep ocean Mr. Capone is the author of the DVD training program Second Ed. Not in the manual guide to Side Scan Sonar Image Interpretation. What You Will Learn • Why is side scan sonar an effective mapping tool. • The effects of side scan design on performance. • Effects of frequency, beam angle and pulse length on sonar imagery. • Backscatter and target reflectivity. • Application of color and gain in the sonar image. • Detailed analysis of side scan imagery. • Operational components of side scan deployment. • Optimizing search patterns for efficiency and performance. • Post processing of sonar imagery. February 25-27, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1845 (8:30am - 4:00pm) "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Off The Course Tuition." Course Outline 1. Introduction. Why is side scan sonar so effective? General development history of side scan sonar systems. What are the different designs of side scan sonar and how does design affect performance. CHIRP vs CW Sonar Systems. Hydrographic multibeam back scatter vs traditional side scan sonar. 2. Beam Angle, Frequency, Pulse Length and Resolution. How do beam angle, pulse length and frequency affect resolution and performance? Is resolution consistent over the entire sonar image. 3. Backscatter & Target Reflectivity. Why do varying sea floor types reflect sonar differently? What properties of a target cause reflectivity. What types of materials do not reflect the sonar pulse. 4. Application of Gain, Display Color and Color Palettes. What types of Gain can be applied to the sonar signal and how does gain processing such as normalization affect sonar data. What does the color palette represent and how does the color palette affect display and interpretation of the data. 5. Detailed Target Analysis. While side scan sonar is a display type data which most users find intuitive to read, detailed analysis requires an in depth knowledge of image formation. This section will provide a intensive look into target and shadow analysis. 6. Anomalies, Noise and Thermoclines. Side scan sonar imagery often includes anomalies, reflections or ghost images that do not represent actual objects on the sea floor. This discussion will focus on the types of anomalies and how to recognize these false returns in the sonar data. Noise and thermoclines can also limit the range and quality of sonar data. We will discuss the causes and how to limit the sources of noise as well as the affects of differing speed of sound on the imagery. 7. Data and Target Positioning. Sonar data is only as good as the geographic position of the target or final product. What are the best methods for obtaining accurate positioning and how to correct data when errors are present. What are the best methods for establishing target positions and requiring targets. How to apply target offsets to large debris fields. 8. Sonar Search Patterns and Coverage. How to best design the most efficient and effective search patterns for side scan sonar operations. How to best match pulse rate and speed for 100% coverage. 9. Sonar Processing and Processing Software. What are the best practices for converting sonar data into geotiffs and which softwares provide the best results. 10. Introduction to Synthetic Aperture Sonar. Advanced side scan sonar systems will utilize synthetic aperture which provide range independent resolution. What are the basic principles of SAS image formation as well as advantages and disadvantages of SAS data. Summary Side scan sonar systems have become the standard for ocean floor mapping and have evolved from CW to broadband CHIRP and now interferometric systems are common. This three-day course provides a comprehensive program on the design, operational considerations, analysis and post processing of side scan sonar data. Whether designing systems or conducting surveys, the course provides an in depth understanding of all aspects of the side scan sonar systems. The course builds from a basic history of side scan development into a comprehensive examination of theoretical and operational components of systems, data and surveys. Each student will receive a copy of the Second Ed. Not in the Manual Guide to Sonar Image Interpretation by Vincent Capone (a $250 value) in addition to a complete set of lecture notes. Design, Operation & Data Analysis of Side Scan Sonar Systems
  • 60 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 September 17-19, 2013 Boxborough, Massachusetts November 13-15, 2013 Lynchburg, Virginia $3295 (8:00am - 4:00pm) “Also Available As A Distance Learning Course” (Call for Info) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Course Outline 1. Minimal math review of basics of vibration, commencing with uniaxial and torsional SDoF systems. Resonance. Vibration control. 2. Instrumentation. How to select and correctly use displacement, velocity and especially acceleration and force sensors and microphones. Minimizing mechanical and electrical errors. Sensor and system dynamic calibration. 3. Extension of SDoF. to understand multi-resonant continuous systems encountered in land, sea, air and space vehicle structures and cargo, as well as in electronic products. 4. Types of shakers. Tradeoffs between mechanical, electrohydraulic (servohydraulic), electrodynamic (electromagnetic) and piezoelectric shakers and systems. Limitations. Diagnostics. 5. Sinusoidal one-frequency-at-a-time vibration testing. Interpreting sine test standards. Conducting tests. 6. Random Vibration Testing. Broad-spectrum all- frequencies-at-once vibration testing. Interpreting random vibration test standards. 7. Simultaneous multi-axis testing. Gradually replacing practice of reorienting device under test (DUT) on single-axis shakers. 8. Environmental stress screening. (ESS) of electronics production. Extensions to highly accelerated stress screening (HASS) and to highly accelerated life testing (HALT). 9. Assisting designers. To improve their designs by (a) substituting materials of greater damping or (b) adding damping or (c) avoiding "stacking" of resonances. 10. Understanding automotive. Buzz, squeak and rattle (BSR). Assisting designers to solve BSR problems. Conducting BSR tests. 11. Intense noise. (acoustic) testing of launch vehicles and spacecraft. 12. Shock testing. Transportation testing. Pyroshock testing. Misuse of classical shock pulses on shock test machines and on shakers. More realistic oscillatory shock testing on shakers. 13. Shock response spectrum. (SRS) for understanding effects of shock on hardware. Use of SRS in evaluating shock test methods, in specifying and in conducting shock tests. 14. Attaching DUT via vibration and shock test fixtures. Large DUTs may require head expanders and/or slip plates. 15. Modal testing. Assisting designers. Summary This three-day course is primarily designed for test personnel who conduct, supervise or "contract out" vibration and shock tests. It also benefits design, quality and reliability specialists who interface with vibration and shock test activities. Each student receives the instructor's, minimal-mathematics, minimal-theory hardbound text Random Vibration & Shock Testing, Measurement, Analysis & Calibration. This 444 page, 4-color book also includes a CD-ROM with video clips and animations. Instructor Wayne Tustin is the President of an engineering school and consultancy. His BSEE degree is from the University of Washington, Seattle. He is a licensed Professional Engineer - Quality in the State of California. Wayne's first encounter with vibration was at Boeing/Seattle, performing what later came to be called modal tests, on the XB-52 prototype of that highly reliable platform. Subsequently he headed field service and technical training for a manufacturer of electrodynamic shakers, before establishing another specialized school on which he left his name. Wayne has written several books and hundreds of articles dealing with practical aspects of vibration and shock measurement and testing. What You Will Learn • How to plan, conduct and evaluate vibration and shock tests and screens. • How to attack vibration and noise problems. • How to make vibration isolation, damping and absorbers work for vibration and noise control. • How noise is generated and radiated, and how it can be reduced. From this course you will gain the ability to understand and communicate meaningfully with test personnel, perform basic engineering calculations, and evaluate tradeoffs between test equipment and procedures. Random Vibration & Shock Testing - Fundamentals for Land, Sea, Air, Space Vehicles & Electronics Manufacture
  • 61 – Vol. 115 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 March 18-20, 2014 Columbia, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. Sonar Transducer Design - Fundamentals What You Will Learn • Acoustic parameters that affect transducer designs: Aperture design Radiation impedance Beam patterns and directivity • Fundamentals of acoustic wave transmission in solids including the basics of piezoelectricity Modeling concepts for transducer design. • Transducer performance parameters that affect radiated power, frequency of operation, and bandwidth. • Sonar projector design parameters Sonar hydrophone design parameters. From this course you will obtain the knowledge and ability to perform sonar transducer systems engineering calculations, identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully with colleagues, evaluate systems, understand current literature, and how transducer design fits into greater sonar system design. Instructor Mr. John C. Cochran is a Sr. Engineering Fellow with Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems., a leading provider of integrated solutions for the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security. Mr. Cochran has 25 years of experience in the design of sonar transducer systems. His experience includes high frequency mine hunting sonar systems, hull mounted search sonar systems, undersea targets and decoys, high power projectors, and surveillance sonar systems. Mr. Cochran holds a BS degree from the University of California, Berkeley, a MS degree from Purdue University, and a MS EE degree from University of California, Santa Barbara. He holds a certificate in Acoustics Engineering from Pennsylvania State University and Mr. Cochran has taught as a visiting lecturer for the University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. Summary This three-day course is designed for sonar system design engineers, managers, and system engineers who wish to enhance their understanding of sonar transducer design and how the sonar transducer fits into and dictates the greater sonar system design. Topics will be illustrated by worked numerical examples and practical case studies. Course Outline 1. Overview. Review of how transducer and performance fits into overall sonar system design. 2. Waves in Fluid Media. Background on how the transducer creates sound energy and how this energy propagates in fluid media. The basics of sound propagation in fluid media: • Plane Waves • Radiation from Spheres • Linear Apertures Beam Patterns • Planar Apertures Beam Patterns • Directivity and Directivity Index • Scattering and Diffraction • Radiation Impedance • Transmission Phenomena • Absorption and Attenuation of Sound 3. Equivalent Circuits. Transducers equivalent electrical circuits. The relationship between transducer parameters and performance. Analysis of transducer designs: • Mechanical Equivalent Circuits • Acoustical Equivalent Circuits • Combining Mechanical and Acoustical Equivalent Circuits 4. Waves in Solid Media: A transducer is constructed of solid structural elements. Background in how sound waves propagate through solid media. This section builds on the previous section and develops equivalent circuit models for various transducer elements. Piezoelectricity is introduced. • Waves in Homogeneous, Elastic Solid Media • Piezoelectricity • The electro-mechanical coupling coefficient • Waves in Piezoelectric, Elastic Solid Media. 5. Sonar Projectors. This section combines the concepts of the previous sections and developes the basic concepts of sonar projector design. Basic concepts for modeling and analyzing sonar projector performance will be presented. Examples of sonar projectors will be presented and will include spherical projectors, cylindrical projectors, half wave-length projectors, tonpilz projectors, and flexural projectors. Limitation on performance of sonar projectors will be discussed. 6. Sonar Hydrophones. The basic concepts of sonar hydrophone design will be reviewed. Analysis of hydrophone noise and extraneous circuit noise that may interfere with hydrophone performance. • Elements of Sonar Hydrophone Design • Analysis of Noise in Hydrophone and Preamplifier Systems • Specific Application in Sonar Hydronpone Design • Hydrostatic hydrophones • Spherical hydrophones • Cylindrical hydrophones • The affect of a fill fluid on hydrophone performance.
  • Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 62 Underwater Acoustics for Biologists and Conservation Managers A comprehensive tutorial designed for environmental professionals Instructor Dr. Adam S. Frankel is a senior scientist with Marine Acoustics, Inc., Arlington, VA and vice- president of the Hawai‘i Marine Mammal Consortium. For the past 25 years, his primary research has focused on the role of natural sounds in marine mammals and the effects of anthropogenic sounds on the marine environment, especially the impact on marine mammals. A graduate of the College of William and Mary, Dr. Frankel received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Hawai‘i at Manoa, where he studied and recorded the sounds of humpback whales. Post-doctoral work was with Cornell University’s Bioacoustics Research Program. Published research includes a recent paper on melon-headed whale vocalizations. Both scientist and educator, Frankel combines his Hawai‘i - based research and acoustics expertise with teaching for Cornell University and other schools. He has advised numerous graduate students, all of whom make him proud. Frankel is a member of both the Society for the Biology of Marine Mammals and the Acoustical Society of America. What You Will Learn • The fundamentals of sound and how to properly describe its characteristics. • Modern acoustic analysis techniques. • What are the key characteristics of man-made sound sources and usage of correct metrics. • How to evaluate the resultant sound field from impulsive, coherent and continuous sources. • What animal characteristics are important for assessing both impact and requirements for monitoring/and mitigation. • Capabilities of passive and active monitoring and mitigation systems. Summary This three-day course is designed for biologists, and conservation managers, who wish to enhance their understanding of the underlying principles of underwater and engineering acoustics needed to evaluate the impact of anthropogenic noise on marine life. This course provides a framework for making objective assessments of the impact of various types of sound sources. Critical topics are introduced through clear and readily understandable heuristic models and graphics. Course Outline Understanding and Measuring Sound The Language of Physics and the Study of Motion. This quick review of physics basics is designed to introduce acoustics to the neophyte. 1. What Is Sound and How to Measure Its Level. This includes a quick review of physics basics is designed to introduce acoustics to the neophyte. The properties of sound are described, including the challenging task of properly measuring and reporting its level. 2. Digital Representation of Sound. Today almost all sound is recorded and analyzed digitally. This section focuses on the process by which analog sound is digitized, stored and analyzed. 3. Spectral Analysis: A Qualitative Introduction. The fundamental process for analyzing sound is spectral analysis. This section will introduce spectral analysis and illustrate its application in creating frequency spectra and spectrograms. 4. Basics of Underwater Propagation and Use of Acoustic Propagation Models. The fundamental principles of geometric spreading, refraction, boundary effects and absorption will be introduced and illustrated using propagation models. Ocean acidification. The Acoustic Environment and its Inhabitants. 5. The Ambient Acoustic Environment. The first topic will be a discussion of the sources and characteristics of natural ambient noise. 6. Basic Characteristics of Anthropogenic Sound Sources. Implosive (airguns, pile drivers, explosives). Coherent (sonars, acoustic models, depth sounder, profilers,) continuous (shipping, offshore industrial activities). 7. Review of Hearing Anatomy and Physiology: Marine Mammals, Fish and Turtles. Review of hearing in marine mammals. 8. Marine Wildlife of interest and their characteristics. MM, turtles fish, inverts. Bioacoustics, hearing threshold, vocalization behavior; supporting databases on seasonal density and movement. Effects of Sound on Animals. 9. Review and History of ocean anthropogenic noise issue. Current state of knowledge and key references. 10. Assessment of the impact of anthropogenic sound. Source-TL- receiver approach, level of sound as received by wildlife, injury, behavioral response, TTS, PTS, masking, modeling techniques, field measurements, assessment methods. 11. Monitoring and mitigation techniques. Passive devise (fixed and towed systems). Active Detections, matching device capabilities to environmental requirements 9examples of passive and active localization, long-term monitoring, fish exposure testing). 12. Overview of Current Research Efforts. September 24-26, 2013 Columbia, Maryland November 11-13, 2013 Silver Spring, Maryland $1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 Each Off The Course Tuition. NEW!
  • Spacecraft & Aerospace Engineering Advanced Satellite Communications Systems Attitude Determination & Control Composite Materials for Aerospace Applications Design & Analysis of Bolted Joints Effective Design Reviews for Aerospace Programs GIS, GPS & Remote Sensing (Geomatics) GPS Technology Ground System Design & Operation Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging Introduction To Space IP Networking Over Satellite Launch Vehicle Selection, Performance & Use New Directions in Space Remote Sensing Orbital Mechanics: Ideas & Insights Payload Integration & Processing Remote Sensing for Earth Applications Risk Assessment for Space Flight Satellite Communication Introduction Satellite Communication Systems Engineering Satellite Design & Technology Satellite Laser Communications Satellite RF Comm & Onboard Processing Space-Based Laser Systems Space Based Radar Space Environment Space Hardware Instrumentation Space Mission Structures Space Systems Intermediate Design Space Systems Subsystems Design Space Systems Fundamentals Spacecraft Power Systems Spacecraft QA, Integration & Testing Spacecraft Structural Design Spacecraft Systems Design & Engineering Spacecraft Thermal Control Engineering & Data Analysis Aerospace Simulations in C++ Advanced Topics in Digital Signal Processing Antenna & Array Fundamentals Applied Measurement Engineering Digital Processing Systems Design Exploring Data: Visualization Fiber Optics Systems Engineering Fundamentals of Statistics with Excel Examples Grounding & Shielding for EMC Introduction To Control Systems Introduction to EMI/EMC Practical EMI Fixes Kalman Filtering with Applications Optimization, Modeling & Simulation Practical Signal Processing Using MATLAB Practical Design of Experiments Self-Organizing Wireless Networks Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach Sonar & Acoustic Engineering Acoustics, Fundamentals, Measurements and Applications Advanced Undersea Warfare Applied Physical Oceanography AUV & ROV Technology Design & Use of Sonar Transducers Developments In Mine Warfare Fundamentals of Sonar Transducers Mechanics of Underwater Noise Sonar Principles & ASW Analysis Sonar Signal Processing Submarines & Combat Systems Underwater Acoustic Modeling Underwater Acoustic Systems Vibration & Noise Control Vibration & Shock Measurement & Testing Radar/Missile/Defense Advanced Developments in Radar Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar Combat Systems Engineering C4ISR Requirements & Systems Electronic Warfare Overview Explosives Technology and Modeling Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Fundamentals of Radar Fundamentals of Rockets & Missiles GPS Technology Integrated Navigation Systems Kalman, H-Infinity, & Nonlinear Estimation Missile Autopilots Modern Infrared Sensor Technology Modern Missile Analysis Propagation Effects for Radar & Comm Radar Signal Processing. Radar System Design & Engineering Multi-Target Tracking & Multi-Sensor Data Fusion Space-Based Radar Synthetic Aperture Radar Tactical Missile Design & Engineering Systems Engineering and Project Management Certified Systems Engineer Professional Exam Preparation Fundamentals of Systems Engineering Principles Of Test & Evaluation Project Management Fundamentals Project Management Series Systems Of Systems Kalman Filtering with Applications Test Design And Analysis Total Systems Engineering Development Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 115 – 63 TOPICS for ON-SITE courses ATI offers these courses AT YOUR LOCATION...customized for you! Other Topics Call us to discuss your requirements and objectives. Our experts can tailor leading-edge cost-effective courses to your specifications. OUTLINES & INSTRUCTOR BIOS at
  • 64 – Vol. 98 Register online at or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 PRESORTED STANDARD U.S.POSTAGE PAID BLOOMSBURG,PA PERMITNO.6 5 EASY WAYS TO REGISTER ATIcourses,llc 349BerkshireDrive Riva,Maryland21140-1433 TechnicalTrainingsince1984 OnsiteTrainingalwaysanoption. Boost Your Skills with ATI On-site Training Any Course Can Be Taught Economically For 8 or More All ATI courses can easily be tailored to your specific applications and technologies. “On-site” training represents a cost-effective, timely and flexible training solution with leading experts at your facility. Save an average of 40% with an onsite (based on the cost of a public course). Onsite Training Benefits • Customized to your facilityʼs specific applications • 40 to 60 % discounts per/person • Tailored course manuals for each stu- dent • Industry expert instructors • Confidential environment • No obligation or risk until two weeks before the event • Multi-course program discounts • New courses can be developed to meet your specific requirements Call and we will explain in detail what we can do for you, what it will cost, and what you can expect in results and future capabilities. 888.501.2100 How It Works • Call or e-mail us with your course interest(s). • Discuss your training objectives and audience. • Identify which courses will meet your goals. • ATI will prepare and send you a quote to review with sample course material to present to your supervisor. • Schedule the presentation at your convenience. • Conference with the instructor prior to the event. • ATI prepares and presents all materials and de- livers measurable results. FAX paperwork to 410-956-5785 Phone 1-888-501-2100 or 410-956-8805 Via the Internet Register on-line at Email Mail paperwork to ATI COURSES, LLC 349 Berkshire Drive Riva, MD 21140-1433 o I prefer to be mailed a paper copy of the brochure. o I no longer want to receive this brochure. o I prefer to receive both paper and email copies of the brochure. o Please correct my mailing address as noted. o I prefer to receive only an email copy of the brochure (provide email). o Email for electronic copies. We require your email address for future correspondence. Email Fax or Email address updates and your mail code. Fax to 410-956-5785 or email Please provide the Priority Code from the brochure with any changes. Send Me Future Information: