APPLIED TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE
Training Rocket Scientists
Valid through April 2011
Space & Satellite
Radar, Missiles & Defense
Systems Engineering & Project Management
Engineering & Communications
Applied Technology Institute
349 Berkshire Drive
Riva, Maryland 21140-1433
Tel 410-956-8805 • Fax 410-956-5785
Toll Free 1-888-501-2100
Technical and Training Professionals,
Now is the time to think about bringing an ATI course to your site! If
there are 8 or more people who are interested in a course, you save money if
we bring the course to you. If you have 15 or more students, you save over
50% compared to a public course.
This catalog includes upcoming open enrollment dates for many
courses. We can teach any of them at your location. Our website,
www.ATIcourses.com, lists over 50 additional courses that we offer.
For 24 years, the Applied Technology Institute (ATI) has earned the
TRUST of training departments nationwide. We have presented “on-site”
training at all major DoD facilities and NASA centers, and for a large number
of their contractors.
Since 1984, we have emphasized the big picture systems engineering
- Defense Topics
- Engineering & Data Analysis
- Sonar & Acoustic Engineering
- Space & Satellite Systems
- Systems Engineering
with instructors who love to teach! We are constantly adding new topics to
our list of courses - please call if you have a scientific or engineering training
requirement that is not listed.
We would love to send you a quote for an
onsite course! For “on-site” presentations, we
can tailor the course, combine course topics
for audience relevance, and develop new or
specialized courses to meet your objectives.
P.S. We can help you arrange “on-site”
courses with your training department. Give
us a call.
2 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Advanced Developments in Radar Technology
March 1-3, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland NEW!
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Course Outline
Off The Course Tuition." 1. Introduction and Background.
• The nature of radar and the physics involved.
• Concepts and tools required, briefly reviewed.
• Directions taken in radar development and the
technological advances permitting them.
Summary • Further concepts and tools, more elaborate.
This three-day course provides students who already 2. Advanced Signal Processing.
have a basic understanding of radar a valuable extension • Review of developments in pulse compression (matched
into the newer capabilities being continuously pursued in filter theory, modulation techniques, the search for
our fast-moving field. While the course begins with a quick optimality) and in Doppler processing (principles,
review of fundamentals - this to establish a common base "coherent" radar, vector processing, digital techniques);
for the instruction to follow - it is best suited for the student establishing resolution in time (range) and in frequency
who has taken one of the several basic radar courses (Doppler).
available. • Recent considerations in hybrid coding, shaping the
In each topic, the method of instruction is first to ambiguity function.
establish firmly the underlying principle and only then are • Target inference. Use of high range and high Doppler
the current achievements and challenges addressed. resolution: example and experimental results.
Treated are such topics as pulse compression in which
matched filter theory, resolution and broadband pulse 3. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR).
modulation are briefly reviewed, and then the latest code • Fundamentals reviewed, 2-D and 3-D SAR, example
optimality searches and hybrid coding and code-variable image.
pulse bursts are explored. Similarly, radar polarimetry is • Developments in image enhancement. The dangerous
reviewed in principle, then the application to image point-scatterer assumption. Autofocusing methods in
processing (as in Synthetic Aperture Radar work) is SAR, ISAR imaging. The ground moving target problem.
covered. Doppler processing and its application to SAR
imaging itself, then 3D SAR, the moving target problem • Polarimetry and its application in SAR. Review of
and other target signature work are also treated this way. polarimetry theory. Polarimetric filtering: the whitening
Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP) is introduced; filter, the matched filter. Polarimetric-dependent phase
the resurgent interest in bistatic radar is discussed. unwrapping in 3D IFSAR.
The most ample current literature (conferences and • Image interpretation: target recognition processes
journals) is used in this course, directing the student to reviewed.
valuable material for further study. Instruction follows the 4. A "Radar Revolution" - the Phased Array.
student notebook provided. • The all-important antenna. General antenna theory,
quickly reviewed. Sidelobe concerns, suppression
techniques. Ultra-low sidelobe design.
• The phased array. Electronic scanning, methods, typical
Bob Hill received his BS degree from Iowa State componentry. Behavior with scanning, the impedance
University and the MS from the University problem and matching methods. The problem of
of Maryland, both in electrical bandwidth; time-delay steering. Adaptive patterns,
engineering. After spending a year in adaptivity theory and practice. Digital beam forming. The
microwave work with an electronics firm in "active" array.
Virginia, he was then a ground electronics • Phased array radar, system considerations.
officer in the U.S. Air Force and began his 5. Advanced Data Processing.
civil service career with the U.S. Navy . He • Detection in clutter, threshold control schemes, CFAR.
managed the development of the phased array radar of
• Background analysis: clutter statistics, parameter
the Navy’s AEGIS system through its introduction to the estimation, clutter as a compound process.
fleet. Later in his career he directed the development,
• Association, contacts to tracks.
acquisition and support of all surveillance radars of the
surface navy. • Track estimation, filtering, adaptivity, multiple hypothesis
Mr. Hill is a Fellow of the IEEE, an IEEE “distinguished
lecturer”, a member of its Radar Systems Panel and • Integration: multi-radar, multi-sensor data fusion, in both
detection and tracking, greater use of supplemental
previously a member of its Aerospace and Electronic data, augmenting the radar processing.
Systems Society Board of Governors for many years. He
6. Other Topics.
established and chaired through 1990 the IEEE’s series of
international radar conferences and remains on the • Bistatics, the resurgent interest. Review of the basics of
organizing committee of these, and works with the several bistatic radar, challenges, early experiences. New
opportunities: space; terrestrial. Achievements
other nations cooperating in that series. He has published reported.
numerous conference papers, magazine articles and
• Space-Time Adaptive Processing (STAP), airborne
chapters of books, and is the author of the radar, radar emphasis.
monopulse radar, airborne radar and synthetic aperture
radar articles in the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science • Ultra-wideband short pulse radar, various claims (well-
founded and not); an example UWB SAR system for
and Technology and contributor for radar-related entries of good purpose.
their technical dictionary.
• Concluding discussion, course review.
4 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Combat Systems Engineering
November 16-18, 2010
$1590 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Summary 1. Combat System Overview. Combat system
The increasing level of combat system integration and characteristics. Functional description for the
communications requirements, coupled with shrinking combat system in terms of the sensor and weapons
defense budgets and shorter product life cycles, offers control, communications, and command and
many challenges and opportunities in the design and
acquisition of new combat systems. This three-day course control. Antiair Warfare. Antisurface Warfare.
teaches the systems engineering discipline that has built Antisubmarine Warfare. Typical scenarios.
some of the modern military’s greatest combat and 2. Sensors/Weapons. Review of the variety of
communications systems, using state-of-the-art systems
engineering techniques. It details the decomposition and multi-warfare sensor and weapon suites that are
mapping of war-fighting requirements into combat system employed by combat systems. The fire control loop
functional designs. A step-by-step description of the is described and engineering examples and
combat system design process is presented emphasizing tradeoffs are illustrated.
the trades made necessary because of growing
performance, operational, cost, constraints and ever 3. Configurations, Equipment, & Computer
increasing system complexities. Programs. Various combinations of system
Topics include the fire control loop and its closure by configurations, equipments, and computer
the combat system, human-system interfaces, command programs that constitute existing combat systems.
and communication systems architectures, autonomous
and net-centric operation, induced information exchange 4. Command & Control. The ship battle
requirements, role of communications systems, and multi- organization, operator stations, and human-
mission capabilities. machine interfaces and displays. Use of automation
Engineers, scientists, program managers, and and improvements in operator displays and
graduate students will find the lessons learned in this
course valuable for architecting, integration, and modeling expanded display requirements. Command support
of combat system. Emphasis is given to sound system requirements, systems, and experiments.
engineering principles realized through the application of Improvements in operator displays and expanded
strict processes and controls, thereby avoiding common display requirements.
mistakes. Each attendee will receive a complete set of
detailed notes for the class. 5. Communications. Current and future
communications systems employed with combat
Instructor systems and their relationship to combat system
functions and interoperability. Lessons learned in
Robert Fry worked from 1979 to 2007 at The Johns
Hopkins University Applied Physics Joint and Coalition operations. Communications in
Laboratory where he was a member of the the Gulf War. Future systems JTIDS, Copernicus
Principal Professional Staff. He is now and imagery.
working at System Engineering Group
(SEG) where he is Corporate Senior Staff 6. Combat System Development. An overview
and also serves as the company-wide of the combat system engineering process,
technical advisor. Throughout his career he operational environment trends that affect system
has been involved in the development of design, limitations of current systems, and proposed
new combat weapon system concepts, development of future combat system architectures. System trade-
system requirements, and balancing allocations within the
fire control loop between sensing and weapon kinematic offs.
capabilities. He has worked on many aspects of the 7. Network Centric Warfare and the Future.
AEGIS combat system including AAW, BMD, AN/SPY-1, Exponential gains in combat system performance
and multi-mission requirements development. Missile
system development experience includes SM-2, SM-3, as achievable through networking of information
SM-6, Patriot, THAAD, HARPOON, AMRAAM, and coordination of weaponry.
TOMAHAWK, and other missile systems.
8. AEGIS Systems Development - A Case
Study. Historical development of AEGIS. The major
What You Will Learn problems and their solution. Systems engineering
• The trade-offs and issues for modern combat techniques, controls, and challenges. Approaches
system design. for continuing improvements such as open
• How automation and technology will impact future architecture. Applications of principles to your
combat system design. system assignment. Changing Navy missions,
• Understanding requirements for joint warfare, net- threat trends, shifts in the defense budget, and
centric warfare, and open architectures. technology growth. Lessons learned during Desert
• Communications system and architectures. Storm. Requirements to support joint warfare and
• Lessons learned from AEGIS development. expeditionary forces.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 5
Electronic Protection and Electronic Attack
October 12-14, 2010
Rome, New York Course Outline
November 16-18, 2010 1. Basic Principals.
Washington DC • Electronic Warfare Definitions and Terminology.
• EA Basic Concepts.
$1895 (8:30am - 4:00pm) • Electronic Support. A key element of EA.
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each • Radar Basics.Need to understand what to Jam!
Off The Course Tuition." • EA and RADAR Evolution and the changing Threat
Summary • Modern Radar Trends.
This three-day course addresses the key • Pulse Environment / Pulse Density.
elements of electronic attack (EA) and electronic • Modern Radars, Weapons, the Signal Environment &
protection (EP). This includes EA/ECM principles, Integrated Weapon Systems.
philosophies, and strategies; basic radar systems • Target Acquisition and Guidance Techniques / Technologies.
and waveforms; the radar range equation and how • Antenna, Receiver Parameters, Architectures, and
to manipulate it to derive basic noise and deception Detection.
jamming equations; electronic attack techniques
• Handout and Assign Exercises.
and waveform generation; electronic protection
techniques; threat system analyses; applications to 2. EA Tactics.
communication and infra-red countermeasures • Denial EA (Noise).
concepts; and testing and evaluation methods and • Deception EA (False Targets).
limitations 3. EA Types.
• Noise (Mask) Jammers.
Instructor • Repeater / Deception Jammers.
Brian Moore has over 25 years experience in 4. Basic Noise Jamming Strategies.
systems engineering in EW, ES / ESM, and ELINT, 5. Basic Noise Jamming Equations.
including electronic attack and radar systems. He • Noise Techniques.
has a BSEE from Michigan Technological University
and an MSEE from Syracuse University. Mr. Moore • Search Radar Jamming Process.
has performed system engineering and analysis to • Noise EA Analysis Examples.
integrate new EW technology and techniques with 6. Deception / Repeater Jamming.
existing systems and platforms throughout his • Concept and definitions.
career. In addition, Mr. Moore provides technical • Uses of Deception Jammers.
inputs to the government for ELINT R&D and
provides consulting for EW system architecture and • Types of Jammers.
processing, specific emitter identification and 7. Basic J/S Equations.
tracking, intentional modulation on pulse, signal 8. Functional Architectures, Techniques and Waveform
detection and feature extraction, and wideband / LPI Details.
processing. Mr. Moore has performed various • RGPO.
EW/ESM systems engineering, analysis, • VGPO.
development, integration, and test efforts (INEWS,
F-22, A-12, B-2, special projects). Mr. Moore is • Inverse Gain and SSW.
currently the Senior Vice President and Technical • Doppler Noise.
Director for a major research company. • Polarization Techniques.
10. Off-Board Techniques.
What You Will Learn • Chaff, Towed and Active Free Flight Decoys.
• ES, EW, and ELINT receiver architectures and
techniques. • Formation Jamming.
• Radar range equation, sensitivity, detection, Pd and • Terrain Bounce.
Pfa. 11. Electronic Protection Topics
• Direction finding and location. 12. J/S Requirements / Combined Techniques.
• Electronic attack techniques. 13. Measures of EA Effectiveness.
• Fundamental ECM principles. 14. Threat Weapon System Analysis.
• Basic jamming equations and J/S. 15. Deception of Integrated Threat Weapon System.
• Interactions between electronic attack and 16. Communications EA.
17. Infrared Systems, Countermeasures (IRCM) -
From this course you will obtain knowledge and
understanding of the fundamentals and principals
of electronic attack and electronic protection 18. Future Trends: EA / EP/ Radar / Digital Receivers.
6 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
EW / ELINT Receivers
with Digital Signal Processing Techniques
• Electronic Warfare Overview - ELINT / ESM (ES).
• Signals and the Electromagnetic Environment.
• Antenna and Receiver Parameters.
• Sensitivity, Dynamic Range, TOI, Noise Figure, Inst. BW.
• Detection Fundamentals - Pd, Pfa, SNR, Effective BW.
• Receiver Architectures.
• Crystal Video, IFM, Channelized.
October 5-7, 2010 • Superheterodyne (Narrowband / Wideband).
Rome, New York • Compressive (Microscan) and Acousto–Optic (Bragg Cell).
• Receiver Architecture Advantages / Disadvantages.
November 9-11, 2010 • Architectures for Direction Finding.
Washington DC • DF and Location Techniques.
• Amp. Comparison/TDOA/Interferometer.
$1895 (8:30am - 4:03pm) • Trends: Wideband, Multi-Function, Digital.
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Module 2:
Off The Course Tuition." • Introduction - Digital Processing.
• Basic DSP Operations, Sampling Theory, Quantization.
Summary • Nyquist (Low-pass, Band-pass). Aliasing, Fourier, Z-
This three-day course addresses digital signal processing Transform.
theory, methods, techniques and algorithms with practical • Hilbert Transforms and the Analytic Signal.
applications to ELINT. Digitizing, filtering, demodulation, • Quadrature Demodulation.
spectral analysis, correlation, parameter measurement,
effects of noise and interference, display techniques and • Direct Digital Down-conversion (fs/4 and m*fs/4 IF Sampling).
additional areas are included. Directed primarily to • Digital Receiver “Components”.
ELINT/EW engineers and scientists responsible for ELINT • Signal Conditioning.
digital signal processing system software and hardware
design, installation, operation and evaluation, it is also • (Pre-ADC) and Anti-Aliasing.
appropriate for those having management or technical • Analog-to-Digital Converters (ADC).
responsibility . • Demodulators, CORDICs.
Instructor • Interpolators, Decimators, Equalizers.
Brian Moore has over 25 years experience in systems • Detection and Measurement Blocks.
engineering in EW, ES / ESM, and ELINT, including electronic • Filters (IIR and FIR).
attack and radar systems. He has a BSEE from Michigan
Technological University and an MSEE from Syracuse • Multi-Rate Filters and DSP.
University. Mr. Moore has performed system engineering and • Clocks, Timing, Synchronization, Formatters & Embedded
analysis to integrate new EW technology and techniques with Processors.
existing systems and platforms throughout his career. In • Channelized Architectures: Poly-Phase and others.
addition, Mr. Moore provides technical inputs to the
government for ELINT R&D and provides consulting for EW • Digital Receiver Advantages and Technology Trends.
system architecture and processing, specific emitter • Digital Receiver Architecture Examples.
identification and tracking, feature extraction, intentional
modulation on pulse, signal detection, and wideband / LPI Module 3:
processing. Mr. Moore has performed various EW/ESM • Measurement Basics - Error Definitions, Metrics, Averaging.
systems engineering, analysis, development, integration, and • Statistics and Confidence Levels for System Assessment.
test efforts (INEWS, F-22, A-12, B-2, special projects). Mr.
Moore is currently the Senior Vice President and Technical • Error Sources & Statistical Distributions of Interest to System
Director for a major research company. Designers.
• Parameter Errors due to Noise.
What You Will Learn • Thermal, Phase & Quantization Noise impacts on key
From this course you will obtain the knowledge and
understanding of digital signal processing concepts and • Noise Modeling and SNR Estimation.
theories for digital receivers and their applications to • Parameter Errors for Correlated Samples.
EW/ELINT/ES systems while balancing theory with practice. • Simultaneous Signal Interference.
• EW/ELINT receiver techniques and technologies.
• A/D Performance, Parameters and Error Sources.
• Digital Signal Processing Techniques.
• Freq, Phase, Amp Errors due to Quantization – strict derivation.
• Application of DSP techniques to digital receiver
development. • Combining Errors, Error Sources, Error Propagation and Sample
• Key digital receiver functions and components.
• Fundamental performance analysis and error estimating • Performance Assessment Methods.
techniques. • Receiver Equalization and Characterization.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 7
Electronic Warfare Overview
December 14-15, 2010
This two-day course presents the depth and breadth February 22-23, 2011
of modern Electronic Warfare, covering Ground, Sea, Laurel, Maryland
Air and Space applications, with simple, easy-to-grasp
intuitive principles. Complex mathematics will be $990 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
eliminated, while the tradeoffs and complexities of
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
current and advanced EW and ELINT systems will be Off The Course Tuition."
explored. The fundamental principles will be
established first and then the many varied applications
will be discussed. The attendee will leave this course Course Outline
with an understanding of both the principles and the 1. Introduction to Electronic Combat. Radar-
practical applications of current and evolving electronic ESM-ECM-ECCM-LPI-Stealth (EC-ES-EA-EP).
warfare technology. This course is designed as an Overview of the Threat. Radar Technology Evolution.
introduction for managers and engineers who need an EW Technology Evolution. Radar Range Equation.
understanding of the basics. It will provide you with the RCS Reduction. Counter-Low Observable (CLO).
ability to understand and communicate with others 2. Vulnerability of Radar Modes. Air Search
working in the field. A detailed set of notes used in the Radar. Fire Control Radar. Ground Search Radar.
class will be provided. Pulse Doppler, MTI, DPCA. Pulse Compression.
Range Track. Angle Track. SAR, TF/TA.
3. Vulnerability/Susceptibility of Weapon
Instructor Systems. Semi Active Missiles. Command Guided
Duncan F. O’Mara received a B.S from Cornell Missiles. Active Missiles. TVM. Surface-to-air, air-to-air,
University. He earned a M.S. in Mechanical air-to-surface.
Engineering from the Naval 4. ESM (ES). ESM/ELINT/RWR. Typical ESM
Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA. Systems. Probability of Intercept. ESM Range
In the Navy, he was commissioned as a Equation. ESM Sensitivity. ESM Receivers. DOA/AOA
Reserve Officer in Surface Warfare at Measurement. MUSIC / ESPRIT. Passive Ranging.
the Officer Candidate School in 5. ECM Techniques (EA). Principals of Electronic
Newport, RI. Upon retirement, he Attack (EA). Noise Jamming vs. Deception. Repeater
worked as a Principal Operations vs. Transponder. Sidelobe Jamming vs. Mainlobe
Jamming. Synthetic Clutter. VGPO and RGPO. TB and
Research Analyst with the United States Army at
Cross Pol. Chaff and Active Expendables. Decoys.
Aberdeen Proving Grounds on a Secretary of Defense Bistatic Jamming. Power Management, DRFM, high
Joint Test & Evaluation logistics project that introduced ERP.
best practices and best processes to the Department 6. ECCM (EP). EP Techniques Overview. Offensive
of Defense (DoD) combatant commanders world wide, vs Defensive ECCM. Leading Edge Tracker. HOJ/AOJ.
especially the Pacific Command. While his wife was Adaptive Sidelobe Canceling. STAP. Example Radar-
stationed in Italy he was a Visiting Professor in ES-EA-EP Engagement.
mathematics for U. of Maryland’s University Campus 7. EW Systems. Airborne Self Protect Jammer.
Europe. He is now the IWS Chair at the USNA’s Airborne Tactical Jamming System. Shipboard Self-
Weapons & Systems Engineering Dept, where he Defense System.
teaches courses in basic weapons systems and linear 8. EW Design Illustration. Walk-thru Design of a
controls engineering, as well as acting as an advisor Typical ESM/ECM System from an RFP.
for multi-disciplinary senior engineering design 9. EW Technology. EW Technology Evolution.
projects, and as Academic Advisor to a company of Transmitters. Antennas. Receiver / Processing.
freshman and Systems Engineering majors. Advanced EW.
8 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS
January 24-25, 2011
January 27-28, 2011
Albuquerque, New Mexico
(U.S. Air Force photo by Tom Reynolds)
April 4-5, 2011
1. Introduction to Link 16. April 7-8, 2011
2. Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS Documentation Albuquerque, New Mexico
3. Link 16 Enhancements
4. System Characteristics $1500 (8:00am - 4:00pm)
5. Time Division Multiple Access
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
6. Network Participation Groups Off The Course Tuition."
7. J-Series Messages
8. JTIDS / MIDS Pulse Development Summary
9. Time Slot Components The Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS is a
10. Message Packing and Pulses comprehensive two-day course designed to give the
11. JTIDS / MIDS Nets and Networks student a thorough understanding of every aspect of
12. Access Modes Link 16 both technical and tactical. The course is
13. JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Synchronization designed to support both military and industry and
does not require any previous experience or exposure
14. JTIDS / MIDS Network Time to the subject matter. The course comes with one-year
15. Network Roles follow-on support, which entitles the student to contact
16. JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Navigation the instructor with course related questions for one
17. JTIDS / MIDS Relays year after course completion.
18. Communications Security
19. JTIDS / MIDS Pulse Deconfliction Instructors
20. JTIDS / MIDS Terminal Restrictions Patrick Pierson is president of a training,
21. Time Slot Duty Factor consulting, and software development company with
22. JTIDS / MIDS Terminals offices in the U.S. and U.K. Patrick has more than 23
years of operational experience, and is internationally
recognized as a Tactical Data Link subject matter
What You Will Learn expert. Patrick has designed more than 30 Tactical
• The course is designed to enable the student to be Data Link training courses and personally trains
able to speak confidently and with authority about all hundreds of students around the globe every year.
of the subject matter on the right. Steve Upton, a retired USAF Joint Interface Control
The course is suitable for: Officer (JICO) and former JICO Instructor, is the
• Operators Director of U.S. Training Operations for NCS, the
world’s leading provider of Tactical Data Link Training
(TDL). Steve has more than 25 years of operational
• Consultants experience, and is a recognized Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS
• Sales staff subject matter expert. Steve’s vast operational
• Software Developers experience includes over 5500 hours of flying time on
• Business Development Managers AWACS and JSTARS and scenario developer for
dozens of Joint and Coalition exercises at the USAF
• Project / Program Managers Distributed Mission Operation Center (DMOC).
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 9
Fundamentals of Radar Technology
February 15-17, 2011
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
First Morning – Introduction
The basic nature of radar and its applications, military
and civil Radiative physics (an exercise); the radar
range equation; the statistical nature of detection
Electromagnetic waves, constituent fields and vector
Summary representation Radar “timing”, general nature, block
A three-day course covering the basics of radar, diagrams, typical characteristics,
taught in a manner for true understanding of the First Afternoon – Natural Phenomena:
fundamentals, even for the complete newcomer. Scattering and Propagation. Scattering: Rayleigh point
Covered are electromagnetic waves, frequency bands, scattering; target fluctuation models; the nature of
the natural phenomena of scattering and propagation, clutter. Propagation: Earth surface multipath;
radar performance calculations and other tools used in atmospheric refraction and “ducting”; atmospheric
radar work, and a “walk through” of the four principal attenuation. Other tools: the decibel, etc. (a dB
subsystems – the transmitter, the antenna, the receiver exercise).
and signal processor, and the control and interface
apparatus – covering in each the underlying principle Second Morning – Workshop
and componentry. A few simple exercises reinforce the An example radar and performance calculations, with
student’s understanding. Both surface-based and variations.
airborne radars are addressed. Second Afternoon – Introduction to the
Instructor Overview: the role, general nature and challenges of
each. The Transmitter, basics of power conversion:
Bob Hill received his BS degree from Iowa State power supplies, modulators, rf devices (tubes, solid
University and the MS from the University state). The Antenna: basic principle; microwave optics
of Maryland, both in electrical and pattern formation, weighting, sidelobe concerns,
engineering. After spending a year in sum and difference patterns; introduction to phased
microwave work with an electronics firm arrays.
in Virginia, he was then a ground Third Morning – Subsytems Continued:
electronics officer in the U.S. Air Force
and began his civil service career with the The Receiver and Signal Processor.
U.S. Navy . He managed the development of the phased Receiver: preamplification, conversion, heterodyne
array radar of the Navy’s AEGIS system through its operation “image” frequencies and double conversion.
introduction to the fleet. Later in his career he directed Signal processing: pulse compression. Signal
the development, acquisition and support of all processing: Doppler-sensitive processing Airborne
surveillance radars of the surface navy. radar – the absolute necessity of Doppler processing.
Mr. Hill is a Fellow of the IEEE, an IEEE “distinguished Third Afternoon – Subsystems: Control and
lecturer”, a member of its Radar Systems Panel and Interface Apparatus.
previously a member of its Aerospace and Electronic Automatic detection and constant-false-alarm-rate
Systems Society Board of Governors for many years. He (CFAR) techniques of threshold control. Automatic
established and chaired through 1990 the IEEE’s series tracking: exponential track filters. Multi-radar fusion,
of international radar conferences and remains on the briefly Course review, discussion, current topics and
organizing committee of these, and works with the community activity.
several other nations cooperating in that series. He has
published numerous conference papers, magazine The course is taught from the student notebook
articles and chapters of books, and is the author of the supplied, based heavily on the open literature and
radar, monopulse radar, airborne radar and synthetic with adequate references to the most popular of
aperture radar articles in the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia the many textbooks now available. The student’s
of Science and Technology and contributor for radar- own note-taking and participation in the exercises
related entries of their technical dictionary. will enhance understanding as well.
10 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Fundamentals of Rockets and Missiles
October 12-14, 2010 Course Outline
1. Introduction to Rockets and Missiles. The Classifications
Las Vegas, Nevada of guided, and unguided, missile systems is introduced. The
practical uses of rocket systems as weapons of war, commerce
February 1-3, 2011 and the peaceful exploration of space are examined.
2. Rocket Propulsion made Simple. How rocket motors and
Beltsville, Maryland engines operate to achieve thrust. Including Nozzle Theory, are
explained. The use of the rocket equation and related Mass
March 8-10, 2011 Properties metrics are introduced. The flight environments and
conditions of rocket vehicles are presented. Staging theory for
Beltsville, Maryland rockets and missiles are explained. Non-traditional propulsion is
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm) 3. Introduction to Liquid Propellant Performance, Utility
and Applications. Propellant performance issues of specific
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each impulse, Bulk density and mixture ratio decisions are examined.
Off The Course Tuition." Storable propellants for use in space are described. Other
propellant Properties, like cryogenic properties, stability, toxicity,
compatibility are explored. Mono-Propellants and single
Summary propellant systems are introduced.
This course provides an overview of rockets and missiles 4. Introducing Solid Rocket Motor Technology. The
for government and industry officials with limited technical advantages and disadvantages of solid rocket motors are
experience in rockets and missiles. The course provides a examined. Solid rocket motor materials, propellant grains and
practical foundation of knowledge in rocket and missile issues construction are described. Applications for solid rocket motors as
and technologies. The seminar is designed for engineers, weapons and as cost-effective space transportation systems are
technical personnel, military specialist, decision makers and explored. Hybrid Rocket Systems are explored.
managers of current and future projects needing a more 5. Liquid Rocket System Technology. Rocket Engines, from
complete understanding of the complex issues of rocket and pressure fed to the three main pump-fed cycles, are examined.
missile technology The seminar provides a solid foundation in Engine cooling methods are explored. Other rocket engine and
the issues that must be decided in the use, operation and stage elements are described. Control of Liquid Rocket stage
development of rocket systems of the future. You will learn a steering is presented. Propellant Tanks, Pressurization systems
wide spectrum of problems, solutions and choices in the and Cryogenic propellant Management are explained.
technology of rockets and missile used for military and civil 6. Foreign vs. American Rocket Technology and Design.
purposes. How the former Soviet aerospace system diverged from the
American systems, where the Russians came out ahead, and
Attendees will receive a complete set of printed notes. what we can learn from the differences. Contrasts between the
These notes will be an excellent future reference for current Russian and American Design philosophy are observed to provide
trends in the state-of-the-art in rocket and missile technology lessons for future design. Foreign competition from the end of the
and decision making. Cold War to the foreseeable future is explored.
7. Rockets in Spacecraft Propulsion. The difference
between launch vehicle booster systems, and that found on
Instructor spacecraft, satellites and transfer stages, is examined The use of
Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle System storable and hypergolic propellants in space vehicles is explained.
Engineer, specializing in integration of launch Operation of rocket systems in micro-gravity is studied.
vehicle technology, design, modeling and 8. Rockets Launch Sites and Operations. Launch Locations
business strategies. He is currently an in the USA and Russia are examined for the reason the locations
independent consultant, writer and teacher of have been chosen. The considerations taken in the selection of
rocket system technology. He is experienced launch sites are explored. The operations of launch sites in a more
in launch vehicle operations, design, testing, efficient manner, is examined for future systems.
business analysis, risk reduction, modeling, 9. Rockets as Commercial Ventures. Launch Vehicles as
safety and reliability. He also has 13-years of government American commercial ventures are examined, including the
motivation for commercialization. The Commercial Launch Vehicle
experience including five years working launch operations at market is explored.
Vandenberg AFB. Mr. Keith has written over 20 technical
10. Useful Orbits and Trajectories Made Simple. The
papers on various aspects of low cost space transportation student is introduced to simplified and abbreviated orbital
over the last two decades. mechanics. Orbital changes using Delta-V to alter an orbit, and
the use of transfer orbits, are explored. Special orbits like
geostationary, sun synchronous and Molnya are presented.
Who Should Attend Ballistic Missile trajectories and re-entry penetration is examined.
• Aerospace Industry Managers. 11. Reliability and Safety of Rocket Systems. Introduction
• Government Regulators, Administrators and to the issues of safety and reliability of rocket and missile systems
sponsors of rocket or missile projects. is presented. The hazards of rocket operations, and mitigation of
the problems, are explored. The theories and realistic practices of
• Engineers of all disciplines supporting rocket and understanding failures within rocket systems, and strategies to
missile projects. improve reliability, is discussed.
• Contractors or investors involved in missile 12. Expendable Launch Vehicle Theory, Performance and
development. Uses. The theory of Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELV)
dominance over alternative Reusable Launch Vehicles (RLV) is
• Military Professionals. explored. The controversy over simplification of liquid systems as
a cost effective strategy is addressed.
What You Will Learn 13. Reusable Launch Vehicle Theory and Performance.
• Fundamentals of rocket and missile systems. The student is provided with an appreciation and understanding of
why Reusable Launch Vehicles have had difficulty replacing
• The spectrum of rocket uses and technologies. expendable launch vehicles. Classification of reusable launch
• Differences in technology between foreign and vehicle stages is introduced. The extra elements required to bring
domestic rocket systems. stages safely back to the starting line is explored. Strategies to
make better RLV systems are presented.
• Fundamentals and uses of solid and liquid rocket
14. The Direction of Technology. A final open discussion
systems. regarding the direction of rocket technology, science, usage and
• Differences between systems built as weapons and regulations of rockets and missiles is conducted to close out the
those built for commerce. class study.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 11
Multi-Target Tracking and Multi-Sensor Data Fusion
February 1-3, 2011
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Top Course Outline
2. The Kalman Filter.
3. Other Linear Filters.
4. Non-Linear Filters.
Summary 5. Angle-Only Tracking.
The objective of this course is to introduce 6. Maneuvering Targets: Adaptive Techniques.
engineers, scientists, managers and military 7. Maneuvering Targets: Multiple Model
operations personnel to the fields of target Approaches.
tracking and data fusion, and to the key 8. Single Target Correlation & Association.
technologies which are available today for 9. Track Initiation, Confirmation & Deletion.
application to this field. The course is designed 10. Using Measured Range Rate (Doppler).
to be rigorous where appropriate, while 11. Multitarget Correlation & Association.
remaining accessible to students without a 12. Probabilistic Data Association.
specific scientific background in this field. The 13. Multiple Hypothesis Approaches.
course will start from the fundamentals and 14. Coordinate Conversions.
move to more advanced concepts. This course 15. Multiple Sensors.
will identify and characterize the principle
16. Data Fusion Architectures.
components of typical tracking systems. A
17. Fusion of Data From Multiple Radars.
variety of techniques for addressing different
18. Fusion of Data From Multiple Angle-Only
aspects of the data fusion problem will be Sensors.
described. Real world examples will be used
19. Fusion of Data From Radar and Angle-Only
to emphasize the applicability of some of the Sensor.
algorithms. Specific illustrative examples will 20. Sensor Alignment.
be used to show the tradeoffs and systems 21. Fusion of Target Type and Attribute Data.
issues between the application of different 22. Performance Metrics.
What You Will Learn
Instructor • State Estimation Techniques – Kalman Filter,
Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior constant-gain filters.
Technical Staff at the Johns Hopkins Univeristy • Non-linear filtering – When is it needed? Extended
Applied Physics Laboratory. He has over 30 Kalman Filter.
years of experience in tracking, sensor fusion, • Techniques for angle-only tracking.
and radar systems analysis and design for the • Tracking algorithms, their advantages and
Navy,Marine Corps, Air Force, and FAA.
- Nearest Neighbor
Recent work has included the integration of a
- Probabilistic Data Association
new radar into an existing multisensor system
- Multiple Hypothesis Tracking
and in the integration, using a multiple
- Interactive Multiple Model (IMM)
hypothesis approach, of shipboard radar and
• How to handle maneuvering targets.
ESM sensors. Previous experience has
• Track initiation – recursive and batch approaches.
included analysis and design of multiradar
• Architectures for sensor fusion.
fusion systems, integration of shipboard
• Sensor alignment – Why do we need it and how do
sensors including radar, IR and ESM, we do it?
integration of radar, IFF, and time-difference-of- • Attribute Fusion, including Bayesian methods,
arrival sensors with GPS data sources. Dempster-Shafer, Fuzzy Logic.
12 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Radar Systems Design & Engineering
Radar Performance Calculations
1. Radar Range Equation. Radar ranging principles,
frequencies, architecture, measurements, displays, and
parameters. Radar range equation; radar waveforms;
antenna patterns types, and parameters.
2. Noise in Receiving Systems and Detection
Principles. Noise sources; statistical properties; noise in a
March 1-4, 2011 receiving chain; noise figure and noise temperature; false
alarm and detection probability; pulse integration; target
Beltsville, Maryland models; detection of steady and fluctuating targets.
$1795 (8:30am - 4:00pm) 3. Propagation of Radio Waves in the Troposphere.
Propagation of Radio Waves in the Troposphere. The pattern
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each propagation factor; interference (multipath) and diffraction;
Off The Course Tuition." refraction; standard and anomalous refractivity; littoral
propagation; propagation modeling; low altitude propagation;
Summary 4. CW Radar, Doppler, and Receiver Architecture.
This four-day course covers the fundamental principles Basic properties; CW and high PRF relationships; the Doppler
of radar functionality, architecture, and performance. principle; dynamic range, stability; isolation requirements;
Diverse issues such as transmitter stability, antenna homodynes and superheterodyne receivers; in-phase and
pattern, clutter, jamming, propagation, target cross quadrature; signal spectrum; matched filtering; CW ranging;
section, dynamic range, receiver noise, receiver and measurement accuracy.
architecture, waveforms, processing, and target detection, 5. Radar Clutter and Clutter Filtering Principles.
are treated in detail within the unifying context of the radar Surface and volumetric clutter; reflectivity; stochastic
range equation, and examined within the contexts of properties; sea, land, rain, chaff, birds, and urban clutter;
surface and airborne radar platforms. The fundamentals of Pulse Doppler and MTI; transmitter stability; blind speeds and
radar multi-target tracking principles are covered, and ranges,; Staggered PRFs; filter weighting; performance
detailed examples of surface and airborne radars are measures.
presented. This course is designed for engineers and 6. Airborne Radar. Platform motion; iso-ranges and iso-
engineering managers who wish to understand how Dopplers; mainbeam and sidelobe clutter; the three PRF
surface and airborne radar systems work, and to regimes; ambiguities; real beam Doppler sharpening;
familiarize themselves with pertinent design issues and synthetic aperture ground mapping modes; GMTI.
with the current technological frontiers. 7. High Range Resolution Principles: Pulse
Compression. The Time-bandwidth product; the pulse
compression process; discrete and continuous pulse
Instructors compression codes; performance measures; mismatched
Dr. Menachem Levitas is the Chief Scientist of filtering.
Technology Service Corporation (TSC) / 8. High Range Resolution Principles: Synthetic
Washington. He has thirty-eight years of Wideband. Motivation; alternative techniques; cross-band
experience, thirty of which include radar calibration.
systems analysis and design for the Navy, 9. Electronically Scanned Radar Systems. Beam
Air Force, Marine Corps, and FAA. He formation; beam steering techniques; grating lobes; phase
holds the degree of Ph.D. in physics from shifters; multiple beams; array bandwidth; true time delays;
the University of Virginia, and a B.S. ultralow sidelobes and array errors; beam scheduling.
degree from the University of Portland.
10. Active Phased Array Radar Systems. Active vs.
Stan Silberman is a member of the Senior Technical passive arrays; architectural and technological properties; the
Staff of Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics T/R module; dynamic range; average power; stability;
Laboratory. He has over thirtyyears of experience in radar pertinent issues; cost; frequency dependence.
systems analysis and design for the Navy, Air Force, and 11. Auto-Calibration and Auto-Compensation
FAA. His areas of specialization include automatic Techniques in Active Phased. Arrays. Motivation; calibration
detection and tracking systems, sensor data fusion, approaches; description of the mutual coupling approach; an
simulation, and system evaluation. auto-compensation approach.
12. Sidelobe Blanking. Motivation; principle; implementation
What You Will Learn issues.
• What are radar subsystems. 13. Adaptive Cancellation. The adaptive space
cancellation principle; broad pattern cancellers; high gain
• How to calculate radar performance. cancellers; tap delay lines; the effects of clutter; number of
• Key functions, issues, and requirements. jammers, jammer geometries, and bandwidths on canceller
• How different requirements make radars different. performance; channel matching requirements; sample matrix
• Operating in different modes & environments.
14. Multiple Target Tracking. Definition of Basic terms.
• Issues unique to multifunction, phased array, radars.
Track Initiation, State Estimation & Filtering, Adaptive and
• How airborne radars differ from surface radars. Multiple Model Processing, Data Correlation & Association,
• Today's requirements, technologies & designs. Tracker Performance Evaluation.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 13
Rocket Propulsion 101
Rocket Fundamentals & Up-to-Date Information
1. Classification of Rocket Propulsion. Introduction to
the types and classification of rocket propulsion, including
chemical, solid, liquid, hybrid, electric, nuclear and solar-
2. Fundaments and Definitions. Introduction to mass
ratios, momentum thrust, pressure balances in rocket
engines, specific impulse, energy efficiencies and
3. Nozzle Theory. Understanding the acceleration of
gasses in a nozzle to exchange chemical thermal energy into
kinetic energy, pressure and momentum thrust,
thermodynamic relationships, area ratios, and the ratio of
specific heats. Issues of subsonic, sonic and supersonic
February 14-16, 2011 nozzles. Equations for coefficient of thrust, and the effects of
under and over expanded nozzles. Examination of cone&bell
Albuquerque, New Mexico nozzles, and evaluation of nozzle losses.
4. Performance. Evaluation of performance of rocket
March 15-17, 2011 stages & vehicles. Introduction to coefficient of drag,
aerodynamic losses, steering losses and gravity losses.
Beltsville, Maryland Examination of spaceflight and orbital velocity, elliptical orbits,
transfer orbits, staging theory. Discussion of launch vehicles
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm) and flight stability.
5. Propellant Performance and Density Implications.
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Introduction to thermal chemical analysis, exhaust species
Off The Course Tuition." shift with mixture ratio, and the concepts of frozen and shifting
equilibrium. The effects of propellant density on mass
Summary properties & performance of rocket systems for advanced
This three-day course is based on the popular text 6. Liquid Rocket Engines. Liquid rocket engine
Rocket Propulsion Elements by Sutton and Biblarz. fundamentals, introduction to practical propellants, propellant
The course provides practical knowledge in rocket feed systems, gas pressure feed systems, propellant tanks,
propulsion engineering and design technology issues. turbo-pump feed systems, flow and pressure balance, RCS
and OMS, valves, pipe lines, and engine supporting structure.
It is designed for those needing a more complete
7. Liquid Propellants. A survey of the spectrum of
understanding of the complex issues. practical liquid and gaseous rocket propellants is conducted,
The objective is to give the engineer or manager the including properties, performance, advantages and
tools needed to understand the available choices in disadvantages.
rocket propulsion and/or to manage technical experts 8. Thrust Chambers. The examination of injectors,
with greater in-depth knowledge of rocket systems. combustion chamber and nozzle and other major engine
elements is conducted in-depth. The issues of heat transfer,
Attendees will receive a copy of the book Rocket cooling, film cooling, ablative cooling and radiation cooling are
Propulsion Elements, a disk with practical rocket explored. Ignition and engine start problems and solutions are
equations in Excel, and a set of printed notes covering examined.
advanced additional material. 9. Combustion. Examination of combustion zones,
combustion instability and control of instabilities in the design
and analysis of rocket engines.
Instructor 10. Turbopumps. Close examination of the issues of
Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch Vehicle turbo-pumps, the gas generation, turbines, and pumps.
Parameters and properties of a good turbo-pump design.
System Engineer, specializing in
integration of launch vehicle technology, 11. Solid Rocket Motors. Introduction to propellant grain
design, alternative motor configurations and burning rate
design, modeling and business issues. Burning rates, and the effects of hot or cold motors.
strategies. He is an independent Propellant grain configuration with regressive, neutral and
consultant, writer and teacher of rocket progressive burn motors. Issues of motor case, nozzle, and
system technology, experienced in thrust termination design. Solid propellant formulations,
binders, fuels and oxidizers.
launch vehicle operations, design,
12. Hybrid Rockets. Applications and propellants used in
testing, business analysis, risk reduction, modeling, hybrid rocket systems. The advantages and disadvantages of
safety and reliability. Mr. Keith’s experience includes hybrid rocket motors. Hybrid rocket grain configurations /
reusable & expendable launch vehicles as well as solid combustion instability.
& liquid rocket systems. 13. Thrust Vector Control. Thrust Vector Control
mechanisms and strategies. Issues of hydraulic actuation,
gimbals and steering mechanisms. Solid rocket motor flex-
Who Should Attend bearings. Liquid and gas injection thrust vector control. The
• Engineers of all disciplines supporting rocket design use of vanes and rings for steering..
projects. 14. Rocket System Design. Integration of rocket system
design and selection processes with the lessons of rocket
• Aerospace Industry Managers. propulsion. How to design rocket systems.
• Government Regulators, Administrators and sponsors of 15. Applications and Conclusions. Now that you have
rocket or missile projects. an education in rocket propulsion, what else is needed to
• Contractors or investors involved in rocket propulsion design rocket systems? A discussion regarding the future of
development projects. rocket engine and system design.
14 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Synthetic Aperture Radar
October 25-26, 2010 October 27-28, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland Beltsville, Maryland
February 8-9, 2011 February 10-11, 2011
Albuquerque, New Mexico Albuquerque, New Mexico
Walt McCandless & Bart Huxtable Bart Huxtable & Sham Chotoo
$1290** (8:30am - 4:00pm) $1290** (8:30am - 4:00pm)
$990 without RadarCalc software $990 without RadarCalc software
**Includes single user RadarCalc license for Windows PC, for the design of airborne & space-based
SAR. Retail price $1000.
What You Will Learn What You Will Learn
• Basic concepts and principles of SAR. • How to process data from SAR systems for
high resolution, wide area coverage,
• What are the key system parameters. interferometric and/or polarimetric applications.
• Performance calculations using RadarCalc. • How to design and build high performance
• Design and implementation tradeoffs. • Perform SAR data calibration.
• Current system performance. Emerging • Ground moving target indication (GMTI) in a
systems. SAR context.
• Current state-of-the-art.
Course Outline Course Outline
1. Applications Overview. A survey of important 1. SAR Review Origins. Theory, Design,
applications and how they influence the SAR system Engineering, Modes, Applications, System.
from sensor through processor. A wide number of SAR 2. Processing Basics. Traditional strip map
designs and modes will be presented from the processing steps, theoretical justification, processing
pioneering classic, single channel, strip mapping systems designs, typical processing systems.
systems to more advanced all-polarization, spotlight, 3. Advanced SAR Processing. Processing
and interferometric designs. complexities arising from uncompensated motion and
2. Applications and System Design Tradeoffs low frequency (e.g., foliage penetrating) SAR
and Constraints. System design formulation will begin processing.
with a class interactive design workshop using the 4. Interferometric SAR. Description of the state-of-
RadarCalc model designed for the purpose of the-art IFSAR processing techniques: complex SAR
demonstrating the constraints imposed by image registration, interferogram and correlogram
range/Doppler ambiguities, minimum antenna area, generation, phase unwrapping, and digital terrain
limitations and related radar physics and engineering elevation data (DTED) extraction.
constraints. Contemporary pacing technologies in the 5. Spotlight Mode SAR. Theory and
area of antenna design, on-board data collection and implementation of high resolution imaging. Differences
processing and ground system processing and from strip map SAR imaging.
analysis will also be presented along with a projection 6. Polarimetric SAR. Description of the image
of SAR technology advancements, in progress, and information provided by polarimetry and how this can
how they will influence future applications. be exploited for terrain classification, soil moisture,
3. Civil Applications. A review of the current NASA ATR, etc.
and foreign scientific applications of SAR. 7. High Performance Computing Hardware.
4. Commercial Applications. The emerging Parallel implementations, supercomputers, compact
interest in commercial applications is international and DSP systems, hybrid opto-electronic system.
is fueled by programs such as Canada’s RadarSat-2, 8. SAR Data Calibration. Internal (e.g., cal-tones)
the European ENVISAT and TerraSAR series, the and external calibrations, Doppler centroid aliasing,
NASA/JPL UAVSAR system, and commercial systems geolocation, polarimetric calibration, ionospheric
such as Intermap's Star-3i and Fugro's GeoSAR. The effects.
applications (surface mapping, change detection, 9. Example Systems and Applications. Space-
resource exploration and development, etc.) driving based: SIR-C, RADARSAT, ENVISAT, TerraSAR,
this interest will be presented and analyzed in terms of Cosmo-Skymed, PalSAR. Airborne: AirSAR and other
the sensor and platform space/airborne and associated current systems. Mapping, change detection,
ground systems design. polarimetry, interferometry.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 15
Unmanned Aircraft Systems and Applications
Engineering, Spectrum, and Regulatory Issues Associated with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
November 9, 2010
March 1, 2011
Summary $650 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
This one-day course is designed for engineers,
aviation experts and project managers who wish to
enhance their understanding of UAS. The course
provides the "big picture" for those who work outside of
the discipline. Each topic addresses real systems
(Predator, Shadow, Warrior and others) and real-world Course Outline
problems and issues concerning the use and
expansion of their applications. 1. Historic Development of UAS Post 1960’s.
2. Components and latest developments of a
Instructor UAS. Ground Control Station, Radio Links (LOS
and BLOS), UAV, Payloads.
Mr. Mark N. Lewellen has nearly 25 years of
experience with a wide variety of space, satellite and 3. UAS Manufacturers. Domestic, International.
aviation related projects, including the 4. Classes, Characteristics and Comparisons
Predator/Shadow/Warrior/Global Hawk of UAS.
UAVs, Orbcomm, Iridium, Sky Station,
and aeronautical mobile telemetry 5. Operational Scenarios for UAS. Phases of
systems. More recently he has been Flight, Federal Government Use of UAS, State
working in the exciting field of UAS. He is and Local government use of UAS. Civil and
currently the Vice Chairman of a UAS commercial use of UAS.
Sub-group under Working Party 5B
which is leading the US preparations to find new radio 6. ISR (Intelligence, Surveillance and
spectrum for UAS operations for the next World Reconnaissance) of UAS. Optical, Infrared,
Radiocommunication Conference in 2011 under Radar.
Agenda Item 1.3. He is also a technical advisor to the 7. Comparative Study of the Safety of UAS.
US State Department and a member of the National
Committee which reviews and comments on all US In the Air and On the ground.
submissions to international telecommunication 8. UAS Access to the National Airspace
groups, including the International Telecommunication System (NAS). Overview of the NAS, Classes of
Union (ITU). Airspace, Requirements for Access to the NAS,
Issues Being Addressed, Issues Needing to be
What You Will Learn Addressed.
• Categories of current UAS and their aeronautical 9. Bandwidth and Spectrum Issues. Band-
capabilities? width of single UAV, Aggregate bandwidth of UAS
• Major manufactures of UAS? population.
• The latest developments and major components of 10. International UAS issues. WRC Process,
a UAS? Agenda Item 1.3 and Resolution 421.
• What type of sensor data can UAS provide?
11. UAS Centers of Excellence. North Dakota,
• Regulatory and spectrum issues associated with
UAS? Las Cruses, NM, DoD.
• National Airspace System including the different 12. Worked Examples of Channeling Plans
classes of airspace and Link/Interference Budgets. Shadow, Preda-
• How will UAS gain access to the National Airspace tor/Warrior.
System (NAS)? 13. UAS Interactive Deployment Scenarios.
16 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Applied Systems Engineering
A 4-Day Practical
October 18-21, 2010
Planned and Controlled
Albuquerque, New Mexico
Methods are Essential to
$1690 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
Participants in this course "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
practice the skills by designing and building Off The Course Tuition."
interoperating robots that solve a larger problem.
Small groups build actual interoperating robots to
solve a larger problem. Create these interesting and
challenging robotic systems while practicing: Course Outline
• Requirements development from a stakeholder 1. How do We Work With Complexity?
description. Basic definitions and concepts. Problem-
• System architecting, including quantified, solving approaches; system thinking; systems
stakeholder-oriented trade-offs. engineering overview; what systems
• Implementation in software and hardware engineering is NOT.
• Systm integration, verification and validation
2. Systems Engineering Model. An
underlying process model that ties together all
Summary the concepts and methods. Overview of the
Systems engineering is a simple flow of concepts, systems engineering model; technical aspects
frequently neglected in the press of day-to-day work, of systems engineering; management aspects
that reduces risk step by step. In this workshop, you
will learn the latest systems principles, processes, of systems engineering.
products, and methods. This is a practical course, in 3. A System Challenge Application.
which students apply the methods to build real, Practical application of the systems
interacting systems during the workshop. You can use engineering model against an interesting and
the results now in your work. entertaining system development. Small
This workshop provides an in-depth look at the groups build actual interoperating robots to
latest principles for systems engineering in context of
standard development cycles, with realistic practice on
solve a larger problem. Small group
how to apply them. The focus is on the underlying development of system requirements and
thought patterns, to help the participant understand design, with presentations for mutual learning.
why rather than just teach what to do. 4. Where Do Requirements Come From?
Requirements as the primary method of
Instructor measurement and control for systems
Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant and development. How to translate an undefined
lecturer, has a 40-year career of need into requirements; how to measure a
complex systems development & system; how to create, analyze, manage
operation. Founder and former requirements; writing a specification.
President of INCOSE. He has led the
development of 18 major systems, 5. Where Does a Solution Come From?
including the Air Combat Maneuvering Designing a system using the best methods
Instrumentation systems and the Battle known today. System architecting processes;
Group Passive Horizon Extension System. BSSE alternate sources for solutions; how to allocate
(Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, requirements to the system components; how
Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, to develop, analyze, and test alternatives; how
University of South Australia.
to trade off results and make decisions. Getting
This course is designed for systems engineers, from the system design to the system.
technical team leaders, program managers, project
managers, logistic support leaders, design
6. Ensuring System Quality. Building in
engineers, and others who participate in defining quality during the development, and then
and developing complex systems. checking it frequently. The relationship
between systems engineering and systems
Who Should Attend testing.
• A leader or a key member of a complex system 7. Systems Engineering Management.
development team. How to successfully manage the technical
• Concerned about the team’s technical success. aspects of the system development; virtual,
• Interested in how to fit your system into its system collaborative teams; design reviews; technical
environment. performance measurement; technical
• Looking for practical methods to use in your team. baselines and configuration management.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 17
Architecting with DODAF
Effectively Using The DOD Architecture Framework (DODAF)
NEW! November 4-5 2010
$990 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
The DOD Architecture Framework (DODAF)
provides an underlying structure to work with
complexity. Today’s systems do not stand alone;
each system fits within an increasingly complex
system-of-systems, a network of interconnection
that virtually guarantees surprise behavior.
Systems science recognizes this type of
interconnectivity as one essence of complexity. It
requires new tools, new methods, and new
paradigms for effective system design.
This course provides knowledge and exercises at
a practical level in the use of the DODAF. You will
learn about architecting processes, methods and
thought patterns. You will practice architecting by Course Outline
creating DODAF representations of a familiar, 1. Introduction. The relationship between
complex system-of-systems. By the end of this architecting and systems engineering. Course
course, you will be able to use DODAF effectively in objectives and expectations..
your work. This course is intended for systems 2. Architectures and Architecting. Fundamental
engineers, technical team leaders, program or concepts. Terms and definitions. Origin of the terms
project managers, and others who participate in within systems development. Understanding of the
defining and developing complex systems. components of an architecture. Architecting key
activities. Foundations of modern architecting.
3. Architectural Tools. Architectural frameworks:
Practice architecting on a creative “Mars Rotor” DODAF, TOGAF, Zachman, FEAF. Why frameworks
complex system. Define the operations, exist, and what they hope to provide. Design patterns
technical structure, and migration for this future and their origin. Using patterns to generate
space program. alternatives. Pattern language and the communication
of patterns. System architecting patterns. Binding
patterns into architectures.
What You Will Learn 4. DODAF Overview. Viewpoints within DoDAF (All,
• Three aspects of an architecture Capability, Data/Information, Operational, Project,
• Four primary architecting activities Services, Standards, Systems). How Viewpoints
• Eight DoDAF 2.0 viewpoints support models. Diagram types (views) within each
• The entire set of DoDAF 2.0 views and how they
relate to each other 5. DODAF Operational Definition. Describing an
operational environment, and then modifying it to
• A useful sequence to create views incorporate new capabilities. Sequences of creation.
• Different “Fit-for-Purpose” versions of the views. How to convert concepts into DODAF views. Practical
• How to plan future changes. exercises on each DODAF view, with review and
critique. Teaching method includes three passes for
each product: (a) describing the views, (b) instructor-
Instructor led exercise, (c) group work to create views.
6. DODAF Technical Definition Processes.
Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in
Converting the operational definition into service-
Manufacturing, Eng. & Construction, oriented technical architecture. Matching the new
and Info. Tech. for 30 years. His architecture with legacy systems. Sequences of
projects have made contributions creation. Linkages between the technical viewpoints
ranging from increasing optical fiber and the operational viewpoints. Practical exercises on
bandwidth to creating new CAD each DODAF view, with review and critique, again
technology. He currently teaches using the three-pass method.
courses on management and 7. DODAF Migration Definition Processes. How
engineering and consults on strategic issues in to depict the migration of current systems into future
management and technology. He holds a Ph.D. in systems while maintaining operability at each step.
Engineering from Stanford. Practical exercises on migration planning.
18 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Certified Systems Engineering Professional - CSEP Preparation
Guaranteed Training to Pass the CSEP Certification Exam
NEW! For additional 2011 dates,
see our Schedule at Course Outline
1. Introduction. What is the CSEP and what are the
requirements to obtain it? Terms and definitions. Basis of
November 12-13, 2010 the examination. Study plans and sample examination
Orlando, Florida questions and how to use them. Plan for the course.
Introduction to the INCOSE Handbook. Self-assessment
December 9-10, 2010 quiz. Filling out the CSEP application.
2. Systems Engineering and Life Cycles. Definitions
Los Angeles, California and origins of systems engineering, including the latest
concepts of “systems of systems.” Hierarchy of system
February 11-12, 2011 terms. Value of systems engineering. Life cycle
Orlando, Florida characteristics and stages, and the relationship of
systems engineering to life cycles. Development
March 30-31, 2011 approaches. The INCOSE Handbook system
Minneapolis, Minnesota 3. Technical Processes. The processes that take a
system from concept in the eye to operation, maintenance
$990 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
and disposal. Stakeholder requirements and technical
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each requirements, including concept of operations,
Off The Course Tuition." requirements analysis, requirements definition,
requirements management. Architectural design, including
Summary functional analysis and allocation, system architecture
synthesis. Implementation, integration, verification,
This two-day course walks through the CSEP
transition, validation, operation, maintenance and disposal
requirements and the INCOSE Handbook Version 3.1
of a system.
to cover all topics on the CSEP exam. Interactive work,
study plans, and sample examination questions help 4. Project Processes. Technical management and
you to prepare effectively for the exam. Participants the role of systems engineering in guiding a project.
leave the course with solid knowledge, a hard copy of Project planning, including the Systems Engineering Plan
the INCOSE Handbook, study plans, and a sample (SEP), Integrated Product and Process Development
examination. (IPPD), Integrated Product Teams (IPT), and tailoring
Attend the CSEP course to learn what you need. methods. Project assessment, including Technical
Follow the study plan to seal in the knowledge. Use the Performance Measurement (TPM). Project control.
sample exam to test yourself and check your Decision-making and trade-offs. Risk and opportunity
readiness. Contact our instructor for questions if management, configuration management, information
needed. Then take the exam. If you do not pass, you management.
can retake the course at no cost. 5. Enterprise & Agreement Processes. How to
define the need for a system, from the viewpoint of
stakeholders and the enterprise. Acquisition and supply
Instructor processes, including defining the need. Managing the
Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant and environment, investment, and resources. Enterprise
lecturer, has a 40-year career of environment management. Investment management
complex systems development & including life cycle cost analysis. Life cycle processes
operation. Founder and former management standard processes, and process
improvement. Resource management and quality
President of INCOSE. Author of the management.
“Value of SE” material in the INCOSE
6. Specialty Engineering Activities. Unique
Handbook. He has led the
technical disciplines used in the systems engineering
development of 18 major systems, processes: integrated logistics support, electromagnetic
including the Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation and environmental analysis, human systems integration,
systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon mass properties, modeling & simulation including the
Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), US system modeling language (SysML), safety & hazards
Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, analysis, sustainment and training needs.
and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. 7. After-Class Plan. Study plans and methods.
Using the self-assessment to personalize your study plan.
What You Will Learn Five rules for test-taking. How to use the sample
examinations. How to reach us after class, and what to do
• How to pass the CSEP examination! when you succeed.
• Details of the INCOSE Handbook, the source for the
exam. The INCOSE Certified Systems Engineering
• Your own strengths and weaknesses, to target your Professional (CSEP) rating is a coveted milestone in
study. the career of a systems engineer, demonstrating
• The key processes and definitions in the INCOSE knowledge, education and experience that are of high
language of the exam. value to systems organizations. This two-day course
• How to tailor the INCOSE processes. provides you with the detailed knowledge and
practice that you need to pass the CSEP examination.
• Five rules for test-taking.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 19
Fundamentals of Systems Engineering
February 15-16, 2011
March 28-29, 2011
$990 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
1. Systems Engineering Model. An underlying process
Summary model that ties together all the concepts and methods.
System thinking attitudes. Overview of the systems
Today's complex systems present difficult engineering processes. Incremental, concurrent processes
challenges to develop. From military systems to aircraft and process loops for iteration. Technical and management
to environmental and electronic control systems, aspects.
development teams must face the challenges with an 2. Where Do Requirements Come From?
arsenal of proven methods. Individual systems are Requirements as the primary method of measurement and
more complex, and systems operate in much closer control for systems development. Three steps to translate an
relationship, requiring a system-of-systems approach undefined need into requirements; determining the system
to the overall design. purpose/mission from an operational view; how to measure
system quality, analyzing missions and environments;
This two-day workshop presents the fundamentals requirements types; defining functions and requirements.
of a systems engineering approach to solving complex
problems. It covers the underlying attitudes as well as 3. Where Does a Solution Come From? Designing a
system using the best methods known today. What is an
the process definitions that make up systems architecture? System architecting processes; defining
engineering. The model presented is a research- alternative concepts; alternate sources for solutions; how to
proven combination of the best existing standards. allocate requirements to the system components; how to
Participants in this workshop practice the processes develop, analyze, and test alternatives; how to trade off
on a realistic system development. results and make decisions. Establishing an allocated
baseline, and getting from the system design to the system.
Systems engineering during ongoing operation.
Instructors 4. Ensuring System Quality. Building in quality during
the development, and then checking it frequently. The
Eric Honour, CSEP, has been in international relationship between systems engineering and systems
leadership of the engineering of systems testing. Technical analysis as a system tool. Verification at
for over a decade, part of a 40-year multiple levels: architecture, design, product. Validation at
career of complex systems development multiple levels; requirements, operations design, product.
and operation. His energetic and 5. Systems Engineering Management. How to
informative presentation style actively successfully manage the technical aspects of the system
involves class participants. He is a development; planning the technical processes; assessing
former President of the International and controlling the technical processes, with corrective
Council on Systems Engineering actions; use of risk management, configuration management,
interface management to guide the technical development.
(INCOSE). He has been a systems engineer,
engineering manager, and program manager at Harris, 6. Systems Engineering Concepts of Leadership. How
to guide and motivate technical teams; technical teamwork
ESystems, and Link, and was a Navy pilot. He has and leadership; virtual, collaborative teams; design reviews;
contributed to the development of 17 major systems, technical performance measurement.
including Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation,
7. Summary. Review of the important points of the
Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System, and workshop. Interactive discussion of participant experiences
National Crime Information Center. BSSE (Systems that add to the material.
Engineering) from US Naval Academy and MSEE from
Naval Postgraduate School.
Dr. Scott Workinger has led innovative technology Who Should Attend
development efforts in complex, risk- You Should Attend This Workshop If You Are:
laden environments for 30 years. He • Working in any sort of system development
currently teaches courses on program • Project leader or key member in a product development
management and engineering and team
consults on strategic management and • Looking for practical methods to use today
technology issues. Scott has a B.S in This Course Is Aimed At:
Engineering Physics from Lehigh • Project leaders,
University, an M.S. in Systems Engineering from the • Technical team leaders,
University of Arizona, and a Ph.D. in Civil and • Design engineers, and
Environment Engineering from Stanford University. • Others participating in system development
20 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Principles of Test & Evaluation
Assuring Required Product Performance
February 17-18, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland Course Outline
1. What is Test and Evaluation? Basic
March 15-16, 2011 definitions and concepts. Test and evaluation
Norfolk, Virginia overview; application to complex systems. A model
of T&E that covers the activities needed
$990 (8:30am - 4:30pm) (requirements, planning, testing, analysis &
reporting). Roles of test and evaluation throughout
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition." product development, and the life cycle, test
economics and risk and their impact on test
This two day workshop is an overview of test 2. Test Requirements. Requirements as the
and evaluation from product concept through primary method for measurement and control of
operations. The purpose of the course is to give product development. Where requirements come
participants a solid grounding in practical testing from; evaluation of requirements for testability;
deriving test requirements; the Requirements
methodology for assuring that a product performs
Verification Matrix (RVM); Qualification vs.
as intended. The course is designed for Test
Acceptance requirements; design proof vs. first
Engineers, Design Engineers, Project Engineers, article vs. production requirements, design for
Systems Engineers, Technical Team Leaders, testability..
System Support Leaders Technical and
Management Staff and Project Managers. 3. Test Planning. Evaluating the product
concept to plan verification and validation by test.
The course work includes a case study in several
T&E strategy and the Test and Evaluation Master
parts for practicing testing techniques.
Plan (TEMP); verification planning and the
Verification Plan document; analyzing and
Instructors evaluating alternatives; test resource planning;
Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant establishing a verification baseline; developing a
and lecturer, has a 40-year career verification schedule; test procedures and their
of complex systems development & format for success.
operation. Founder and former 4. Integration Testing. How to successfully
President of INCOSE. He has led manage the intricate aspects of system integration
the development of 18 major testing; levels of integration planning; development
systems, including the Air Combat test concepts; integration test planning
Maneuvering Instrumentation (architecture-based integration versus build-based
systems and the Battle Group Passive Horizon integration); preferred order of events; integration
Extension System. BSSE (Systems Engineering), facilities; daily schedules; the importance of
US Naval Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate
School, and PhD candidate, University of South 5. Formal Testing. How to perform a test;
Australia. differences in testing for design proof, first article
qualification, recurring production acceptance; rules
Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in for test conduct. Testing for different purposes,
Manufacturing, Eng. & verification vs. validation; test procedures and test
Construction, and Info. Tech. for 30 records; test readiness certification, test article
years. His projects have made configuration; troubleshooting and anomaly
contributions ranging from handling.
increasing optical fiber bandwidth
6. Data Collection, Analysis and Reporting.
to creating new CAD technology.
Statistical methods; test data collection methods
He currently teaches courses on management and equipment, timeliness in data collection,
and engineering and consults on strategic issues accuracy, sampling; data analysis using statistical
in management and technology. He holds a Ph.D. rigor, the importance of doing the analysis before
in Engineering from Stanford. the test;, sample size, design of experiments,
Taguchi method, hypothesis testing, FRACAS,
What You Will Learn failure data analysis; report formats and records,
• Create effective test requirements. use of data as recurring metrics, Cum Sum method.
• Plan tests for complete coverage. This course provides the knowledge and
• Manage testing during integration and verification. ability to plan and execute testing procedures in
• Develop rigorous test conclusions with sound a rigorous, practical manner to assure that a
collection, analysis, and reporting methods. product meets its requirements.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 21
Risk & Opportunity Management
A Workshop in Identifying and Managing Risk
NEW! March 8-10, 2011
$1490 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
Summary "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
This workshop presents standard and Off The Course Tuition."
advanced risk management processes: how to Practice the skills on a realistic “Submarine Ex-
identify risks, risk analysis using both intuitive and plorer” case study. Identify, analyze, and quantify
the uncertainties, then create effective risk mitiga-
quantitative methods, risk mitigation methods, tion plans.
and risk monitoring and control.
Projects frequently involve great technical
uncertainty, made more challenging by an
environment with dozens to hundreds of people
from conflicting disciplines. Yet uncertainty has
two sides: with great risk comes great Course Outline
opportunity. Risks and opportunities can be 1. Managing Uncertainty. Concepts of uncertainty,
handled together to seek the best balance for both risk and opportunity. Uncertainty as a central
each project. Uncertainty issues can be feature of system development. The important concept
quantified to better understand the expected of risk efficiency. Expectations for what to achieve with
impact on your project. Technical, cost and risk management. Terms and definitions. Roles of a
project leader in relation to uncertainty.
schedule issues can be balanced against each
other. This course provides detailed, useful 2. Subjective Probabilities. Review of essential
techniques to evaluate and manage the many mathematical concepts related to uncertainty, including
the psychological aspects of probability.
uncertainties that accompany complex system
projects. 3. Risk Identification. Methods to find the risk and
opportunity issues. Potential sources and how to
exploit them. Guiding a team through the mire of
Instructor uncertainty. Possible sources of risk. Identifying
possible responses and secondary risk sources.
Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant
Identifying issue ownership. Class exercise in
and lecturer, has a 40-year career identifying risks
of complex systems development &
4. Risk Analysis. How to determine the size of risk
operation. Founder and former relative to other risks and relative to the project.
President of INCOSE. He has led Qualitative vs. quantitative analysis.
the development of 18 major
5. Qualitative Analysis: Understanding the issues
systems, including the Air Combat and their subjective relationships using simple
Maneuvering Instrumentation systems and the methods and more comprehensive graphical methods.
Battle Group Passive Horizon Extension System. The 5x5 matrix. Structuring risk issues to examine
BSSE (Systems Engineering), US Naval links. Source-response diagrams, fault trees, influence
Academy, MSEE, Naval Postgraduate School, diagrams. Class exercise in doing simple risk analysis.
and PhD candidate, University of South Australia. 6. Quantitative Analysis: What to do when the
level of risk is not yet clear. Mathematical methods to
quantify uncertainty in a world of subjectivity. Sizing the
What You Will Learn uncertainty, merging subjective and objective data.
• Four major sources of risk. Using probability math to diagnose the implications.
• The risk of efficiency concept, balancing cost of Portraying the effect with probability charts,
action against cost of risk. probabilistic PERT and Gantt diagrams. Class exercise
in quantified risk analysis.
• The structure of a risk issue.
7. Risk Response & Planning. Possible
• Five effective ways to identify risks. responses to risk, and how to select an effective
• The basic 5x5 risk matrix. response using the risk efficiency concept. Tracking
• Three diagrams for structuring risks. the risks over time, while taking effective action. How to
• How to quantify risks. monitor the risks. Balancing analysis and its results to
prevent “paralysis by analysis” and still get the
• 29 possible risk responses. benefits. A minimalist approach that makes risk
• Efficient risk management that can apply to management simply, easy, inexpensive, and effective.
even the smallest project. Class exercise in designing a risk mitigation.
22 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Systems Engineering - Requirements
NEW! 1. Introduction
2. Introduction (Continued)
3. Requirements Fundamentals – Defines what a
requirement is and identifies 4 kinds.
January 11-13, 2011 4. Requirements Relationships – How are
requirements related to each other? We will look at
Beltsville, Maryland several kinds of traceability.
5. Initial System Analysis – The whole process
March 22-24, 2011 begins with a clear understanding of the user’s needs.
Beltsville, Maryland 6. Functional Analysis – Several kinds of functional
analysis are covered including simple functional flow
$1690 (8:30am - 4:30pm) diagrams, EFFBD, IDEF-0, and Behavioral Diagramming.
7. Functional Analysis (Continued) –
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each 8. Performance Requirements Analysis –
Off The Course Tuition." Performance requirements are derived from functions and
tell what the item or system must do and how well.
9. Product Entity Synthesis – The course
encourages Sullivan’s idea of form follows function so the
Summary product structure is derived from its functionality.
This three-day course provides system engineers, 10. Interface Analysis and Synthesis – Interface
team leaders, and managers with a clear definition is the weak link in traditional structured analysis
understanding about how to develop good but n-square analysis helps recognize all of the ways
specifications affordably using modeling methods that function allocation has predefined all of the interface
encourage identification of the essential characteristics needs.
that must be respected in the subsequent design 11. Interface Analysis and Synthesis – (Continued)
process. Both the analysis and management aspects 12. Specialty Engineering Requirements – A
are covered. Each student will receive a full set of specialty engineering scoping matrix allows system
course notes and textbook, “System Requirements engineers to define product entity-specialty domain
Analysis,” by the instructor Jeff Grady. relationships that the indicated domains then apply their
13. Environmental Requirements – A three-layer
Instructor model involving tailored standards mapped to system
spaces, a three-dimensional service use profile for end
Jeffrey O. Grady is the president of a System items, and end item zoning for component requirements.
Engineering company. He has 30 years 14. Structured Analysis Documentation – How can
of industry experience in aerospace we capture and configuration manage our modeling basis
companies as a system engineer, for requirements?
engineering manager, field engineer, 15. Software Modeling Using MSA/PSARE –
and project engineer. Jeff has authored Modern structured analysis is extended to PSARE as
seven published books in the system Hatley and Pirbhai did to improve real-time control system
engineering field and holds a Master of development but PSARE did something else not clearly
Science in System Management from USC. He understood.
teaches system engineering courses nation-wide. Jeff 16. Software Modeling Using Early OOA and UML –
is an INCOSE Founder, Fellow, and ESEP. The latest models are covered.
17. Software Modeling Using Early OOA and UML –
What You Will Learn 18. Software Modeling Using DoDAF – DoD has
• How to model a problem space using proven evolved a very complex model to define systems of
methods where the product will be implemented in tremendous complexity involving global reach.
hardware or software. 19. Universal Architecture Description Framework
• How to link requirements with traceability and reduce – A method that any enterprise can apply to develop any
risk through proven techniques. system using a single comprehensive model no matter
how the system is to be implemented.
• How to identify all requirements using modeling that 20. Universal Architecture Description Framework
encourages completeness and avoidance of – (Continued)
unnecessary requirements. 21. Specification Management – Specification
• How to structure specifications and manage their formats and management methods are discussed.
development. 22. Requirements Risk Abatement - Special
This course will show you how to build good requirements-related risk methods are covered including
specifications based on effective models. It is not validation, TPM, margins and budgets.
difficult to write requirements; the hard job is to 23. Tools Discussion
know what to write them about and determine 24. Requirements Verification Overview – You
appropriate values. Modeling tells us what to write should be basing verification of three kinds on the
them about and good domain engineering requirements that were intended to drive design. These
encourages identification of good values in them. links are emphasized.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 23
Systems of Systems
Sound Collaborative Engineering to Ensure Architectural Integrity
December 6-8, 2010
Los Angeles, California Course Outline
1. Systems of Systems (SoS) Concepts. What
April 19-21, 2011 SoS can achieve. Capabilities engineering vs.
Beltsville, Maryland requirements engineering. Operational issues:
geographic distribution, concurrent operations.
$1490 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Development issues: evolutionary, large scale,
distributed. Roles of a project leader in relation to
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition." integration and scope control.
2. Complexity Concepts. Complexity and chaos;
scale-free networks; complex adaptive systems; small
worlds; synchronization; strange attraction; emergent
behaviors. Introduction to the theories and how to work
with them in a practical world.
3. Architecture. Design strategies for large scale
architectures. Architectural Frameworks including the
DOD Architectural Framework (DODAF), TOGAF,
Zachman Framework, and FEAF. How to use design
Summary patterns, constitutions, synergy. Re-Architecting in an
This three day workshop presents detailed, evolutionary environment. Working with legacy
useful techniques to develop effective systems of systems. Robustness and graceful degradation at the
design limits. Optimization and measurement of
systems and to manage the engineering activities quality.
associated with them. The course is designed for
4. Integration. Integration strategies for SoS with
program managers, project managers, systems
systems that originated outside the immediate control
engineers, technical team leaders, logistic of the project staff, the difficulty of shifting SoS
support leaders, and others who take part in priorities over the operating life of the systems. Loose
developing today’s complex systems. coupling integration strategies, the design of open
systems, integration planning and implementation,
interface design, use of legacy systems and COTS.
Modify a legacy 5. Collaboration. The SoS environment and its
robotic system of special demands on systems engineering.
systems as a class Collaborative efforts that extend over long periods of
exercise, using the time and require effort across organizations.
course principles. Collaboration occurring explicitly or implicitly, at the
same time or at disjoint times, even over decades.
Responsibilities from the SoS side and from the
component systems side, strategies for managing
collaboration, concurrent and disjoint systems
Instructors engineering; building on the past to meet the future.
Eric Honour, CSEP, international consultant and Strategies for maintaining integrity of systems
lecturer, has a 40-year career of complex engineering efforts over long periods of time when
systems development & operation. working in independent organizations.
Founder and former President of 6. Testing and Evaluation. Testing and evaluation
INCOSE. He has led the development of in the SoS environment with unique challenges in the
18 major systems, including the Air evolutionary development. Multiple levels of T&E, why
Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation
the usual success criteria no longer suffice. Why
systems and the Battle Group Passive
Horizon Extension System. BSSE interface testing is necessary but isn’t enough.
(Systems Engineering), US Naval Academy, MSEE, Operational definitions for evaluation. Testing for
Naval Postgraduate School, and PhD candidate, chaotic behavior and emergent behavior. Testing
University of South Australia. responsibilities in the SoS environment.
Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in
Manufacturing, Eng. & Construction, and
Info. Tech. for 30 years. His projects What You Will Learn
have made contributions ranging from • Capabilities engineering methods.
increasing optical fiber bandwidth to • Architecture frameworks.
creating new CAD technology. He • Practical uses of complexity theory.
currently teaches courses on • Integration strategies to achieve higher-level
management and engineering and capabilities.
consults on strategic issues in management and
technology. He holds a Ph.D. in Engineering from • Effective collaboration methods.
Stanford. • T&E for large-scale architectures.
24 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Technical CONOPS & Concepts Master's Course
A hands on, how-to course in building Concepts of Operations, Operating Concepts,
Concepts of Employment and Operational Concept Documents
December 7-9, 2010 NEW!
February 22-24, 2011 Course Outline
Chesapeake, Virginia 1. How to build CONOPS. Operating Concepts (OpCons)
and Concepts of Employment (ConEmps). Five levels of
April 12-14, 2011 CONOPS & two CONOPS templates, when to use each.
2. The elegantly simple Operating Concept and the
Chesapeake, Virginia mathematics behind it (X2-X)/2
3. What Scientists, Engineers and Project Managers
$1490 (8:30am - 4:30pm) need to know when working with operational end users.
Proven, time-tested techniques for understanding the end
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each user’s perspective – a primer for non-users. Rules for visiting
Off The Course Tuition." an operational unit/site and working with difficult users and
4. How OpCons and CONOPS drive User Manuals.
Modeling and Simulation. Detailed cross-walk for CONOPS
Summary and Modeling and Simulation (determining the scenarios,
This three-day course is designed for engineers, scientists, deciding on the level of fidelity needed, modeling operational
project managers and other professionals who design, build, utility, etc.)
test or sell complex systems. Each topic is illustrated by real- 5. Clear technical writing in English. (1 hour crash
world case studies discussed by experienced CONOPS and course). Getting non-technical people to embrace scientific
requirements professionals. Key topics are reinforced with methods and principles for requirements to drive solid
small-team exercises. Over 200 pages of sample CONOPS CONOPS.
(six) and templates are provided. Students outline CONOPS 6. Survey of major weapons and sensor systems in trouble
and build OpCons in class. Each student gets instructor’s and lessons learned. Getting better collaboration among
slides; college-level textbook; ~250 pages of case studies, engineers, scientists, managers and users to build more
effective systems and powerful CONOPS. Special challenges
templates, checklists, technical writing tips, good and bad when updating existing CONOPS.
CONOPS; Hi-Resolution personalized Certificate of
7. Forming the CONOPS team. Collaborating with people
CONOPS Competency and class photo, opportunity to join from other professions. Working With Non-Technical People:
US/Coalition CONOPS Community of Interest. Forces that drive Program Managers, Requirements Writers,
Acquisition/Contracts Professionals. What motivates them,
how work with them.
Instructors 8. Concepts, CONOPS, JCIDS and DODAF. how does it all
Mack McKinney, president and founder of a consulting tie together?
company, has worked in the defense industry 9. All users are not operators. (Where to find the good
since 1975, first as an Air Force officer for 8 ones and how to gain access to them). Getting actionable
years, then with Westinghouse Defense and information from operational users without getting thrown out of
the office. The two questions you must ALWAYS ask, one of
Northrop Grumman for 16 years, then with a which may get you bounced.
SIGINT company in NY for 6 years. He now
teaches, consults and writes Concepts of 10. Relationship of CONOPS to requirements &
contracts. Legal minefields in CONOPS.
Operations for Boeing, Sikorsky, Lockheed
Martin Skunk Works, Raytheon Missile 11. OpCons, ConEmps & CONOPS for systems.
Systems, Joint Forces Command, all the Reorganizations & exercises – how to build them. OpCons and
CONOPS for IT-intensive systems (benefits and special risks).
uniformed services and the IC. He has US patents in radar
processing and hyperspectral sensing. 12. R&D and CONOPS. Using CONOPS to increase the
Transition Rate (getting R&D projects from the lab to adopted,
John Venable, Col., USAF, ret is a former Thunderbirds fielded systems). People Mover and Robotic Medic team
lead, wrote concepts for the Air Staff and is a certified exercises reinforce lecture points, provide skills practice.
CONOPS instructor. Checklist to achieve team consensus on types of R&D needed
for CONOPS (effects-driven, blue sky, capability-driven, new
spectra, observed phenomenon, product/process improvement,
What You Will Learn basic science). Unclassified R&D Case Histories: $$$ millions
invested - - - what went wrong & key lessons learned: (Software
• What are CONOPS and how do they differ from CONEMPS, for automated imagery analysis; low cost, lightweight,
OPCONS and OCDs? How are they related to the DODAF hyperspectral sensor; non-traditional ISR; innovative ATC
and JCIDS in the US DOD? aircraft tracking system; full motion video for bandwidth-
• What makes a “good” CONOPS? disadvantaged users in combat - - - Getting it Right!).
• What are the two types and five levels of CONOPS and 13. Critical thinking, creative thinking, empathic thinking,
counterintuitive thinking and when engineers and scientists use
when is each used? each type in developing concepts and CONOPS.
• How do you get to meet end users of your products? How 14. Operations Researchers. and Operations Analysts
do you get their active, vocal support in your CONOPS? when quantification is needed.
• What are the top 5 pitfalls in building a CONOPS and how 15. Lessons Learned From No/Poor CONOPS. Real world
can you avoid them? problems with fighters, attack helicopters, C3I systems, DHS
• What are the 8 main things to remember when visiting border security project, humanitarian relief effort, DIVAD, air
deployed operational units for CONOPS research? defense radar, E/O imager, civil aircraft ATC tracking systems
After this course you will be able to build and update 16. Beyond the CONOPS: Configuring a program for
OpCons and CONOPS using a robust CONOPS team, success and the critical attributes and crucial considerations
determine the appropriate that can be program-killers; case histories and lessons-learned.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 25
Test Design and Analysis
Getting the Right Results from a Test Requires Effective Test Design
February 7-9, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland Systems are growing more complex and are
developed at high stakes. With unprecedented
$1490 (8:30am - 4:30pm) complexity, effective test engineering plays an
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
essential role in development. Student groups
Off The Course Tuition." participate in a detailed practical exercise designed
to demonstrate the application of testing tools and
methods for system evaluation.
Dr. Scott Workinger has led projects in Summary
Manufacturing, Eng. & This three-day course is designed for military and
Construction, and Info. Tech. for 30 commercial program managers, systems engineers,
years. His projects have made test project managers, test engineers, and test
contributions ranging from analysts. The focus of the course is giving
increasing optical fiber bandwidth individuals practical insights into how to acquire and
to creating new CAD technology. use data to make sound management and technical
He currently teaches courses on decisions in support of a development program.
management and engineering and consults on Numerous examples of test design or analysis
strategic issues in management and technology. “traps or pitfalls” are highlighted in class. Many
He holds a Ph.D. in Engineering from Stanford. design methods and analytic tools are introduced.
1. Testing and Evaluation. Basic concepts for variables. Review of statistics and probability
testing and evaluation. Verification and validation distributions. Statistical design of tests - basic
concepts. Common T&E objectives. Types of Test. types of statistical techniques, choosing the
Context and relationships between T&E and techniques, variability, assumptions and pitfalls.
systems engineering. T&E support to acquisition Sequencing test events - the low level tactics of
programs. The Test and Evaluation Master Plan planning the test procedure.
(TEMP). 7. Conducting Tests. Preparation for a test.
2. Testability What is testability? How is it Writing the report first to get the analysis methods
achieved? What is Built in Test? What are the in place. How to work with failure. Test
types of BIT and how are they applied? preparation. Forms of the test report. Evaluating
the test design. Determining when failure occurs.
3. A Well Structured Testing and Evaluation
Program. - What are the elements of a well 8. Evaluation. Analyzing test results.
structured testing and evaluation program? How Comparing results to the criteria. Test results and
do the pieces fit together? How does testing and their indications of performance. Types of test
problems and how to solve them. Test failure
evaluation fit into the lifecycle? What are the levels analysis - analytic techniques to find fault. Test
of testing? program documents. Pressed Funnels Case
4. Needs and Requirements. Identifying the Study - How evaluation shows the path ahead.
need for a test. The requirements envelope and 9. Testing and Evaluation Environments. 12
how the edge of the envelope defines testing. common testing and evaluation environments in a
Understanding the design structure. Stakeholders, system lifecycle, what evaluation questions are
system, boundaries, motivation for a test. Design answered in each environment and how the test
structure and how it affects the test. equipment and processes differ from environment
5. Issues, Criteria and Measures. Identifying to environment.
the issues for a test. Evaluation planning 10. Special Types and Best Practices of
techniques. Other sources of data. The T&E. Survey of special techniques and best
Requirements Verification Matrix. Developing practices. Special types: Software testing, Design
evaluation criteria: Measures of Effectiveness for testability, Combined testing, Evolutionary
(MOE), Measures of Performance (MOP). Test development, Human factors, Reliability testing,
planning analysis: Operational analysis, Environmental issues, Safety, Live fire testing,
engineering analysis, Matrix analysis, Dendritic Interoperability. The Nine Best Practices of T&E.
analysis. Modeling and simulation for test 11. Emerging Opportunities and Issues with
planning. Testing and Evaluation. The use of prognosis
6. Designing Evaluations & Tests. Specific and sense and respond logistics. Integration
methods to design a test. Relationships of different between testing and simulation. Large scale
units. Input/output analysis - where test variable systems. Complexity in tested systems. Systems
come from, choosing what to measure, types of of Systems.
26 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Total Systems Engineering Development & Management
January 31-February 3, 2011
March 1-4, 2011
$1790 (8:00am - 5:00pm)
Call for information about our six-course systems engineering
certificate program or for “on-site” training to prepare for the
INCOSE systems engineering exam.
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
1. System Management. Introduction to System
Engineering, Development Process Overview,
Enterprise Engineering, Program Design, Risk,
Configuration Management / Data Management,
Summary System Engineering Maturity.
This four-day course covers four system 2. System Requirements. Introduction and
development fundamentals: (1) a sound Development Environments, Requirements Elicitation
and Mission Analysis, System and Hardware
engineering management infrastructure within
Structured Analysis, Performance Requirements
which work may be efficiently accomplished, (2)
Analysis, Product Architecture Synthesis and
define the problem to be solved (requirements and
Interface Development, Constraints Analysis,
specifications), (3) solve the problem (design,
Computer Software Structured Analysis,
integration, and optimization), and (4) prove that the Requirements Management Topics.
design solves the defined problem (verification).
Proven, practical techniques are presented for the 3. System Synthesis. Introduction, Design,
key tasks in the development of sound solutions for Product Sources, Interface Development, Integration,
extremely difficult customer needs. This course Risk, Design Reviews.
prepares students to both learn practical systems 4. System Verification. Introduction to
engineering and to learn the information and Verification, Item Qualification Requirements
terminology that is tested in the newest INCOSE Identification, Item Qualification Planning and
CSEP exam. Documentation, Item Qualification Verification
Reporting, Item Qualification Implementation,
Management, and Audit, Item Acceptance Overview,
Instructor System Test and Evaluation Overview, Process
Jeffrey O. Grady is the president of a System Verification.
Engineering company. He has 30
years of industry experience in What You Will Learn
aerospace companies as a system
• How to identify and organize all of the work an
engineer, engineering manager, field
enterprise must perform on programs, plan a
engineer, and project engineer. Jeff
project, map enterprise work capabilities to the
has authored seven published
plan, and quality audit work performance against
books in the system engineering field and holds a the plan.
Master of Science in System Management from
USC. He teaches system engineering courses • How to accomplish structured analysis using one of
nationwide at universities as well as commercially several structured analysis models yielding every
on site at companies. Jeff is an INCOSE ESEP, kind of requirement appropriate for every kind of
specification coordinated with specification
Fellow, and Founder.
• An appreciation for design development through
WHAT STUDENTS SAY: original design, COTS, procured items, and
selection of parts, materials, and processes.
"This course tied the whole development cycle
together for me." • How to develop interfaces under associate
contracting relationships using ICWG/TIM meetings
"I had mastered some of the details before and Interface Control Documents.
this course, but did not understand how the • How to define verification requirements, map and
pieces fit together. Now I do!" organize them into verification tasks, plan and
proceduralize the verification tasks, capture the
"I really appreciated the practical methods verification evidence, and audit the evidence for
to accomplish this important work." compliance.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 27
Antenna and Array Fundamentals
Basic concepts in antennas, antenna arrays, and antennas systems
November 16-18, 2010
March 1-3, 2011
$1690 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
1. Basic concepts in antenna theory. Beam
NEW! patterns, radiation resistance, polarization,
gain/directivity, aperture size, reciprocity, and matching
2. Locations. Reactive near-field, radiating near-
field (Fresnel region), far-field (Fraunhofer region) and
Summary the Friis transmission formula.
This three-day course teaches the basics of 3. Types of antennas. Dipole, loop, patch, horn,
antenna and antenna array theory. Fundamental dish, and helical antennas are discussed, compared,
concepts such as beam patterns, radiation resistance, and contrasted from a performance/applications
polarization, gain/directivity, aperture size, reciprocity, standpoint.
and matching techniques are presented. Different
types of antennas such as dipole, loop, patch, horn, 4. Propagation effects. Direct, sky, and ground
dish, and helical antennas are discussed and waves. Diffraction and scattering.
compared and contrasted from a performance- 5. Antenna arrays and array factors. (e.g.,
applications standpoint. The locations of the reactive uniform, binomial, and Tschebyscheff arrays).
near-field, radiating near-field (Fresnel region), and far- 6. Scanning from broadside. Sidelobe levels,
field (Fraunhofer region) are described and the Friis null locations, and beam broadening. The end-fire
transmission formula is presented with worked condition. Problems such as grating lobes, beam
examples. Propagation effects are presented. Antenna squint, quantization errors, and scan blindness.
arrays are discussed, and array factors for different 7. Beam steering. Phase shifters and true-time
types of distributions (e.g., uniform, binomial, and delay devices. Some commonly used components
Tschebyscheff arrays) are analyzed giving insight to and delay devices (e.g., the Rotman lens) are
sidelobe levels, null locations, and beam broadening compared.
(as the array scans from broadside.) The end-fire
condition is discussed. Beam steering is described 8. Measurement techniques used in anechoic
using phase shifters and true-time delay devices. chambers. Pattern measurements, polarization
Problems such as grating lobes, beam squint, patterns, gain comparison test, spinning dipole (for CP
quantization errors, and scan blindness are presented. measurements). Items of concern relative to anechoic
Antenna systems (transmit/receive) with active chambers such as the quality of the absorbent
amplifiers are introduced. Finally, measurement material, quiet zone, and measurement errors.
techniques commonly used in anechoic chambers are Compact, outdoor, and near-field ranges.
outlined. The textbook, Antenna Theory, Analysis & 9. Questions and answers.
Design, is included as well as a comprehensive set of
What You Will Learn
• Basic antenna concepts that pertain to all antennas
Instructor and antenna arrays.
Dr. Steven Weiss is a senior design engineer with • The appropriate antenna for your application.
the Army Research Lab in Adelphi, MD. He has a • Factors that affect antenna array designs and
Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from the antenna systems.
Rochester Institute of Technology with Master’s and • Measurement techniques commonly used in
Doctoral Degrees from The George Washington anechoic chambers.
University. He has numerous publications in the IEEE
on antenna theory. He teaches both introductory and This course is invaluable to engineers seeking to
advanced, graduate level courses at Johns Hopkins work with experts in the field and for those desiring
University on antenna systems. He is active in the a deeper understanding of antenna concepts. At
IEEE. In his job at the Army Research Lab, he is its completion, you will have a solid understanding
actively involved with all stages of antenna of the appropriate antenna for your application and
development from initial design, to first prototype, to the technical difficulties you can expect to
measurements. He is a licensed Professional encounter as your design is brought from the
Engineer in both Maryland and Delaware. conceptual stage to a working prototype.
28 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Fundamentals of Statistics with Excel Examples
February 8-9, 2011
Beltsville, Maryland NEW!
$1040 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
1. Introduction to Statistics. Definition of terms
and concepts with simple illustrations. Measures of
central tendency: Mean, mode, medium. Measures
of dispersion: Variance, standard deviation, range.
Organizing random data. Introduction to Excel
2. Basic Probability. Probability based on:
equally likely events, frequency, axioms.
Permutations and combinations of distinct objects.
Summary Total, joint, conditional probabilities. Examples
This two-day course covers the basics of related to systems engineering.
probability and statistic analysis. The course is self- 3. Discrete Random Variables. Bernoulli trial.
contained and practical, using Excel to perform the Binomial distributions. Poisson distribution. Discrete
fundamental calculations. Students are encouraged probability density functions and cumulative
to bring their laptops to work provided Excel distribution functions. Excel examples.
example problems. By the end of the course you will 4. Continuous Random Variables. Normal
be comfortable with statistical concepts and able to distribution. Uniform distribution. Triangular
perform and understand statistical calculations by distribution. Log-normal distributions. Discrete
hand and using Excel. You will understand probability density functions and cumulative
probabilities, statistical distributions, confidence distribution functions. Excel examples.
levels and hypothesis testing, using tools that are
available in Excel. Participants will receive a 5. Sampling Distributions. Sample size
complete set of notes and the textbook Statistical considerations. Central limit theorem. Student-t
Analysis with Excel. distribution.
6. Functions of Random Variables.
(Propagation of errors) Sums and products of
Instructor random variables. Tolerance of mechanical
Dr. Alan D. Stuart, Associate Professor Emeritus components. Electrical system gains.
of Acoustics, Penn State, has over forty years in the 7. System Reliability. Failure and reliability
field of sound and vibration where he applied statistics. Mean time to failure. Exponential
statistics to the design of experiments and analysis distribution. Gamma distribution. Weibull
of data. He has degrees in mechanical engineering, distribution.
electrical engineering, and engineering acoustics 8. Confidence Level. Confidence intervals.
and has taught for over thirty years on both the Significance of data. Margin of error. Sample size
graduate and undergraduate levels. For the last considerations. P-values.
eight years, he has taught Applied Statistics courses
9. Hypotheses Testing. Error analysis. Decision
at government and industrial organizations
and detection theory. Operating characteristic
throughout the country.
curves. Inferences of two-samples testing, e.g.
assessment of before and after treatments.
What You Will Learn 10. Probability Plots and Parameter
• Working knowledge of statistical terms. Estimation. Percentiles of data. Box whisker plots.
• Use of distribution functions to estimate Probability plot characteristics. Excel examples of
probabilities. Normal, Exponential and Weibull plots..
• How to apply confidence levels to real-world 11. Data Analysis. Introduction to linear
problems. regression, Error variance, Pearson linear
• Applications of hypothesis testing. correlation coefficients, Residuals pattern, Principal
component analysis (PCA) of large data sets.
• Useful ways of summarizing statistical data. Excel examples.
• How to use Excel to analyze statistical data.
12. Special Topics of Interest to Class.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 29
Grounding & Shielding for EMC
November 9-11, 2010
February 1-3, 2011
April 26-28, 2011
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Dr. William G. Duff (Bill) received a BEE degree
from George Washington University
in 1959, a MSEE degree from
Syracuse University in 1969, and a
DScEE degree from Clayton Summary
University in 1977. This three-day course is designed for
Bill is an independent consultant technicians, operators, and engineers who need
specializing in EMI/EMC. He worked an understanding of all facets of grounding and
for SENTEL and Atlantic Research and taught shielding at the circuit, PCB, box or equipment
courses on electromagnetic interference (EMI) and level, cable-interconnected boxes (subsystem),
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). He is system and building, facilities or vehicle levels.
internationally recognized as a leader in the
The course offers a discussion of the qualitative
development of engineering technology for
techniques for EMI control through grounding and
achieving EMC in communication and electronic
shielding at all levels. It provides for selection of
systems. He has more than 40 years of experience
in EMI/EMC analysis, design, test and problem EMI suppression methods via math modeling and
solving for a wide variety of communication and graphics of grounding and shielding parameters.
electronic systems. He has extensive experience in Our instructor will use computer software to
assessing EMI at the circuit, equipment and/or the provide real world examples and case histories.
system level and applying EMI mitigation The computer software simulates and
techniques to "fix" problems. Bill has written more demonstrates various concepts and helps bridge
than 40 technical papers and four books on EMC. the gap between theory and the real world. The
He is a NARTE Certified EMC Engineer. computer software will be made available to the
Bill has been very active in the IEEE EMC attendees. One of the computer programs is used
Society. He served on the Board of Directors, is to design interconnecting equipments. This
currently Chairman of the Fellow Evaluation program demonstrates the impact of various
Committee and is an Associate Editor for the grounding schemes and different "fixes" that are
Newsletter. He is a past president of the IEEE EMC applied. Another computer program is used to
Society and a past Director of the Electromagnetics design a shielded enclosure. The program
and Radiation Division of IEEE. considers the box material; seams and gaskets;
cooling and viewing apertures; and various
"fixes" that may be used for aperture protection.
What You Will Learn
There are also hardware demonstrations of the
• Examples Of Potential EMI Threats.
effect of various compromises and resulting
• Safety Grounding Versus Noise Coupling. "fixes" on the shielding effectiveness of an
• Field Coupling Into Ground Loops. enclosure. The compromises that are
• Coupling Reduction Methods. demonstrated are seam leakage, and a
• Victim Sensitivities. conductor penetrating the enclosure. The
• Common Ground Impedance Coupling. hardware demonstrations also include
• Ground Loop Coupling. incorporating various "fixes" and illustrating their
• Shielding Theory. impact.
30 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Instrumentation for Test & Measurement
Understanding, Selecting and Applying Measurement Systems
This three day course, based on the 690-page Sensor
Technology Handbook, published by Elsevier in 2005 and
edited by the instructor, is designed for engineers,
technicians and managers who want to increase their January 26-28, 2011
knowledge of sensors and signal conditioning. It balances
breadth and depth in a practical presentation for those Beltsville, Maryland
who design sensor systems and work with sensors of all
types. Each topic includes technology fundamentals, $1690 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
selection criteria, applicable standards, interfacing and
system designs, and future developments. "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Instructor What You Will Learn
Jon Wilson is a Principal Consultant. He holds degrees • How to understand sensor specifications.
in Mechanical, Automotive and Industrial Engineering. His
• Advantages and disadvantages of different sensor
45-plus years of experience include Test Engineer, Test
Laboratory Manager, Applications Engineering Manager
and Marketing Manager at Chrysler Corporation, ITT • How to avoid configuration and interfacing problems.
Cannon Electric Co., Motorola Semiconductor Products • How to select and specify the best sensor for your
Division and Endevco. He is Editor of the Sensor application.
Technology Handbook published by Elsevier in 2005. He • How to select and apply the correct signal conditioning.
has been consulting and training in the field of testing and • How to find applicable standards for various sensors.
instrumentation since 1985. He has presented training for • Principles and applications.
ISA, SAE, IEST, SAVIAC, ITC, & many government From this course you will learn how to select and
agencies and commercial organizations. He is a Fellow apply measurement systems to acquire accurate data
Member of the Institute of Environmental Sciences and for a variety of applications and measurands
Technology, and a Lifetime Senior Member of SAE and including mechanical, thermal, optical and biological
1. Sensor Fundamentals. Basic Sensor Technology, Sensor Condensation & Wetting, Integrated Signal Conditioning.
Systems. 14. Machinery Vibration Monitoring Sensors. Accelerometer
2. Application Considerations. Sensor Characteristics, Types, 4-20 Milliamp Transmitters, Capacitive Sensors, Intrinsically
System Characteristics, Instrument Selection, Data Acquisition & Safe Sensors, Mounting Considerations.
Readout. 15. Optical & Radiation Sensors. Photosensors, Quantum
3. Measurement Issues & Criteria. Measurand, Environment, Detectors, Thermal Detectors, Phototransistors, Thermal Infrared
Accuracy Requirements, Calibration & Documentation. Detectors.
4. Sensor Signal Conditioning. Bridge Circuits, Analog to 16. Position & Motion Sensors. Contact & Non-contact, Limit
Digital Converters, Systems on a Chip, Sigma-Delta ADCs, Switches, Resistive, Magnetic & Ultrasonic Position Sensors,
Conditioning High Impedance Sensors, Conditioning Charge Proximity Sensors, Photoelectric Sensors, Linear & Rotary Position
Output Sensors. & Motion Sensors, Optical Encoders, Resolvers & Synchros.
5. Acceleration, Shock & Vibration Sensors. Piezoelectric, 17. Pressure Sensors. Fundamentals of Pressure Sensing
Charge Mode & IEPE, Piezoelectric Materials & Structures, Technology, Piezoresistive Sensors, Piezoelectric Sensors,
Piezoresistive, Capacitive, Servo Force Balance, Mounting, Specialized Applications.
Acceleration Probes, Grounding, Cables & Connections. 18. Sensors for Mechanical Shock Technology
6. Biosensors. Bioreceptor + Transducer, Biosensor Fundamentals, Sensor Types-Advantages & Disadvantages,
Characteristics, Origin of Biosensors, Bioreceptor Molecules, Frequency Response Requirements, Pyroshock Measurement,
Transduction Mechanisms. Failure Modes, Structural Resonance Effects, Environmental
7. Chemical Sensors. Technology Fundamentals, Applications, Effects.
CHEMFETS. 19. Test & Measurement Microphones. Measurement
8. Capacitive & Inductive Displacement Sensors. Capacitive Microphone Characteristics, Condenser & Prepolarized (Electret),
Fundamentals, Inductive Fundamentals, Target Considerations, Effect of Angle of Incidence, Pressure, Free Field, Random
Comparing Capacitive & Inductive, Using Capacitive & Inductive Incidence, Environmental Effects, Specialized Types, Calibration
9. Electromagnetism in Sensing. Electromagnetism & 20. Introduction to Strain Gages. Piezoresistance, Thin Film,
Inductance, Sensor Applications, Magnetic Field Sensors. Microdevices, Accuracy, Strain Gage Based Measurements,
10. Flow Sensors. Thermal Anemometers, Differential Sensor Installations, High Temperature Installations.
Pressure, Vortex Shedding, Positive Displacement & Turbine 21. Temperature Sensors. Electromechanical & Electronic
Based Sensors, Mass Flowmeters, Electromagnetic, Ultrasonic & Sensors, IR Pyrometry, Thermocouples, Thermistors, RTDs,
Laser Doppler Sensors, Calibration. Interfacing & Design, Heat Conduction & Self Heating Effects.
11. Level Sensors. Hydrostatic, Ultrasonic, RF Capacitance, 22. Nanotechnology-Enabled Sensors. Possibilities,
Magnetostrictive, Microwave Radar, Selecting a Technology. Realities, Applications.
12. Force, Load & Weight Sensors. Sensor Types, Physical 23. Wireless Sensor Networks. Individual Node Architecture,
Configurations, Fatigue Ratings. Network Architecture, Radio Options, Power Considerations.
13. Humidity Sensors.Capacitive, Resistive & Thermal 24. Smart Sensors – IEEE 1451, TEDS, TEDS Sensors, Plug
Conductivity Sensors, Temperature & Humidity Effects, & Play Sensors.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 31
Introduction to EMI / EMC
March 1-3, 2011
$1590 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition." 1. Examples Of Communications System. A
Discussion Of Case Histories Of Communications
System EMI, Definitions Of Systems, Both Military
And Industrial, And Typical Modes Of System
Summary Interactions Including Antennas, Transmitters And
This three-day course is designed for technicians, Receivers And Receiver Responses.
operators and engineers who need an understanding
of Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)/Electromagnetic 2. Quantification Of Communication System
Compatibility (EMC) methodology and concepts. The EMI. A Discussion Of The Elements Of Interference,
course provides a basic working knowledge of the Including Antennas, Transmitters, Receivers And
principles of EMC. Propagation.
The course will provide real world examples and 3. Electronic Equipment And System EMI
case histories. Computer software will be used to Concepts. A Description Of Examples Of EMI
simulate and demonstrate various concepts and help Coupling Modes To Include Equipment Emissions
to bridge the gap between theory and the real world. And Susceptibilities.
The computer software will be made available to the 4. Common-Mode Coupling. A Discussion Of
attendees. One of the computer programs is used to Common-Mode Coupling Mechanisms Including
design interconnecting equipments. This program
Field To Cable, Ground Impedance, Ground Loop
demonstrates the impact of various EMI “EMI
mitigation techniques" that are applied. Another
And Coupling Reduction Techniques.
computer program is used to design a shielded 5. Differential-Mode Coupling. A Discussion
enclosure. The program considers the box material; Of Differential-Mode Coupling Mechanisms
seams and gaskets; cooling and viewing apertures; Including Field To Cable, Cable To Cable And
and various "EMI mitigation techniques" that may be Coupling Reduction Techniques.
used for aperture protection. 6. Other Coupling Mechanisms. A Discussion
There are also hardware demonstrations of the effect Of Power Supplies And Victim Amplifiers.
of various compromises on the shielding effectiveness
7. The Importance Of Grounding For
of an enclosure. The compromises that are
Achieving EMC. A Discussion Of Grounding,
demonstrated are seam leakage, and a conductor
penetrating the enclosure. The hardware Including The Reasons (I.E., Safety, Lightning
demonstrations also include incorporating various "EMI Control, EMC, Etc.), Grounding Schemes (Single
mitigation techniques" and illustrating their impact. Point, Multi-Point And Hybrid), Shield Grounding
Instructor 8. The Importance Of Shielding. A Discussion
Of Shielding Effectiveness, Including Shielding
Dr. William G. Duff (Bill) is an independent Considerations (Reflective And Absorptive).
consultant. Previously, he was the Chief
Technology Officer of the Advanced 9. Shielding Design. A Description Of
Technology Group of SENTEL. Prior to Shielding Compromises (I.E., Apertures, Gaskets,
working for SENTEL, he worked for Waveguide Beyond Cut-Off).
Atlantic Research and taught courses on
electromagnetic interference (EMI) and
10. EMI Diagnostics And Fixes. A Discussion
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC). He Of Techniques Used In EMI Diagnostics And Fixes.
is internationally recognized as a leader 11. EMC Specifications, Standards And
in the development of engineering technology for Measurements. A Discussion Of The Genesis Of
achieving EMC in communication and electronic EMC Documentation Including A Historical
systems. He has 42 years of experience in EMI/EMC Summary, The Rationale, And A Review Of MIL-
analysis, design, test and problem solving for a wide
variety of communication and electronic systems. He Stds, FCC And CISPR Requirements.
has extensive experience in assessing EMI at the
equipment and/or the system level and applying EMI
suppression and control techniques to "fix" problems. What You Will Learn
Bill has written more than 40 technical papers and • Examples of Communications Systems EMI.
four books on EMC. He also regularly teaches seminar • Quantification of Systems EMI.
courses on EMC. He is a past president of the IEEE • Equipment and System EMI Concepts.
EMC Society. He served a number of terms as a
• Source and Victim Coupling Modes.
member of the EMC Society Board of Directors and is
currently Chairman of the EMC Society Fellow • Importance of Grounding.
Evaluation Committee and an Associate Editor for the • Shielding Designs.
EMC Society Newsletter. He is a NARTE Certified EMC • EMI Diagnostics.
Engineer. • EMC/EMI Specifications and Standards.
32 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Military Standard 810G Testing
Understanding, Planning and Performing Climatic and Dynamic Tests
November 1-4, 2010
NEW! Orlando, Florida
$2995 (8:00am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
This four-day class provides understanding of
the purpose of each test, the equipment required
to perform each test, and the methodology to
correctly apply the specified test environments.
Vibration and Shock methods will be covered
together with instrumentation, equipment, control
systems and fixture design. Climatic tests will be
discussed individually: requirements, origination, Course Outline
equipment required, test methodology,
understanding of results. 1. Introduction to Military Standard testing -
The course emphasizes topics you will use Dynamics.
immediately. Suppliers to the military services • Introduction to classical sinusoidal vibration.
protectively install commercial-off-the-shelf • Resonance effects
(COTS) equipment in our flight and land vehicles • Acceleration and force measurement
and in shipboard locations where vibration and
shock can be severe. We laboratory test the • Electrohydraulic shaker systems
protected equipment (1) to assure twenty years • Electrodynamic shaker systems
equipment survival and possible combat, also (2) • Sine vibration testing
to meet commercial test standards, IEC • Random vibration testing
documents, military standards such as STANAG
• Attaching test articles to shakers (fixture
or MIL-STD-810G, etc. Few, if any, engineering
design, fabrication and usage)
schools cover the essentials about such
protection or such testing. • Shock testing
Instructor • Temperature testing
Steve Brenner has worked in environmental
• Temperature shock
simulation and reliability testing for over • Humidity
30 years, always involved with the • Altitude
latest techniques for verifying
• Rapid decompression/explosives
equipment integrity through testing. He
has independently consulted in • Combined environments
reliability testing since 1996. His client • Solar radiation
base includes American and European • Salt fog
companies with mechanical and
electronic products in almost every industry. Steve's • Sand & Dust
experience includes the entire range of climatic and • Rain
dynamic testing, including ESS, HALT, HASS and long • Immersion
term reliability testing.
• Explosive atmosphere
What You Will Learn • Fungus
When you visit an environmental test laboratory,
perhaps to witness a test, or plan or review a test • Acceleration
program, you will have a good understanding of the • Freeze/thaw (new in 810G)
requirements and execution of the 810G dynamics and
climatics tests. You will be able to ask meaningful 3. Climatics and Dynamics Labs
questions and understand the responses of test demonstrations.
laboratory personnel. 4. Reporting On And Certifying Test Results.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 33
Optical Communications Systems
Trades and Technology for Implementing Free Space or Fiber Communications
NEW! Course Outline
1. Understanding Laser Communications. What are the
Benefits of Laser Communications? How Do Laser
Communications Compare with RF and Microwave Systems?
Implementation Options. Future Role of Laser
January 17-18, 2011 Communications in Commercial, Military and Scientific
San Diego, California 2. Laser Communications Latest Capabilities &
Requirements. A Complete Guide to Laser Communications
$990 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Capabilities for Mobile, Airborne and Space-Based Missions.
What Critical System Functions are Required for Laser
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Communications? What are the Capability Requirements for
Off The Course Tuition." Spacecraft-Based Laser Communications Terminals? Tools
and Techniques for Meeting the Requirements of -Data Rate,
Availability, Covertness, Jamming Ground Terminal
Summary Requirements- Viable Receiver Sites, Uplink Beacon and
This two-day course provides a strong foundation for Command, Safety.
selecting, designing and building either a Free Space Optical 3. Laser Communication System Prototypes &
Comms, or Fiber-Optic Comms System for various Programs. USAF/Boeing Gapfiller Wideband Laser Comm
applications. Course includes both DoD and Commercial System–The Future Central Node in Military Architectures
systems, in Space, Atmospheric, Underground, and DARPA’s TeraHertz Operational Reachback (THOR)–Meeting
Underwater Applications. Optical Comms Systems have Data Requirements for Mobile Environments Elliptica
Transceiver–The Future Battlefield Commlink? Laser
advantages over RF and Microwave Comms Systems due to Communication Test and Evaluation Station (LTES), DARPA’s
their directionality, and high frequency carrier. These Multi-Access Laser Communication Head (MALCH):
properties can lead to greater covertness, freedom from Providing Simultaneous Lasercom to Multiple Airborne Users.
jamming, and potentially much higher data rates. Novel 4. Opportunities and Challenges in Laser
architectures are feasible allowing usage in situations where Communications Development. Link Drivers--- Weather,
RF emission or transmission would be precluded. Mobile or Stationary systems, Design Drivers--- Cost, Link
Availability, Bit Rates, Bit Error Rates, Mil Specs Design
Approaches--- Design to Spec, Design to Cost, System
Instructor Architecture and Point to Point Where are the Opportunities in
Dr. James Pierre Hauck is a consultant to industry and Laser Communications Architectures Development? Coping
with the Lack of Bandwidth, What are the Solutions in
government labs. He is an expert in optical communications Achieving Real-Time Global Connectivity? Beam
systems having pioneered a variety of such systems including Transmission: Making it Work - Free-Space Optics-
Sat-to-Underwater, Non-line-of-Sight, and Single-Ended Overcoming Key Atmospheric Effects Scintillation,
Systems. Dr. Hauck’s work with lasers and optics began about Turbulence, Cloud Statistics, Background Light and Sky
40 years ago when he studied Quantum Electronics at the Brightness, Transmission, Seeing Availability, Underwater
University of CA Irvine. After completing the Ph.D. in Physics, Optics, Guided Wave Optics.
he went to work for Rockwell’s Electronics Research Center, 5. Expert Insights on Measuring Laser
working on Laser Radar (LADAR) which has much in common Communications Performance. Tools and Techniques for
with Optical Comms Systems. Dr. Hauck’s work on Optical Establishing Requirements and Estimating Performance Key
Comms Systems began in earnest about 30 years ago when Performance Trade-offs for Laser Communications Systems -
he was Chief Scientist of the Strategic Laser Communications Examining the Tradeoffs of Cost vs. Availability, Bit Rate, and
System Laser Transmitter Module (SLC/LTM), at Northrop Bit Error Rate; of Size/Weight vs. Cost, Availability, BR/BER,
Mobility; of Power vs. Range, BR/BER, Availability; Mass,
Grumman. He invented, designed and developed a novel Power, Volume and Cost Estimation; Reliability and Quality
Non-Line-Of-Sight Optical Comms System when he was Assurance, Environmental Tests, Component Specifics
Chief Scientist of the General Dynamics Laser Systems (Lasers, Detectors, Optics.)
Laboratory. This portable system allowed comm in a U 6. Understanding the Key Components and
shaped channel “up-over-and-down” a large building. At SAIC Subsystems. Current Challenges and Future Capabilities in
he analyzed, designed, developed and tested a single ended Laser Transmitters Why Modulation and Coding is Key for
Optical Comms System. Successful System Performance Frequency/Wavelength
Control for Signal-to-Noise Improvements Meeting the
Requirements for Optical Channel Capacity The Real Impact
What You Will Learn of the Transmitter Telescope on System Performance
• What are the Emerging Laser Communications Challenges Transcription Methods for Sending the Data- Meeting the
for Mobile, Airborne and Space-Based Missions. Requirements for Bit Rates and Bit Error Rates Which
• Future Opportunities in LaserCom Applications (ground-to- Receivers are Most Useful for Detecting Optical Signals,
Pointing and Tracking for Link Closure and Reduction of Drop-
ground, satellite-to-satellite, ground-to-satellite and much Outs - Which Technologies Can Be Used for Link
more!) Closure,How Can You Keep Your Bit Error Rates Low .
• Overcoming Challenges in LaserCom Development 7. Future Applications of Laser Communications
(bandwidth expansion, real-time global connectivity, Systems. Understanding the Flight Systems - Host Platform
survivability & more). Vibration Characteristics, Fine-Pointing Mechanism, Coarse
• Measuring the Key Performance Tradeoffs (cost vs. Pointing Mechanism, Isolation Mechanisms, Inertial Sensor
size/weight vs. availability vs. power vs. range). Feedback, Eye Safety Ground to Ground – Decisions
required include covertness requirements, day/night, - Fixed –
• Tools and Techniques for Meeting the Requirements of Data Mobile Line-of-Sight, Non-Line-of-Sight – Allows significant
Rate, Availability, Covertness & Jamming. freedom of motion Ground to A/C, A/C to Ground, A/C to A/C,
From this course you will obtain the knowledge and Ground to Satellite. Low Earth Orbit, Point Ahead
ability to perform basic Comm systems engineering Requirements, Medium Earth Orbit, Geo-Stationary Earth
calculations, identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully Orbit, Long Range as Above, Satellite to Ground as Above,
Sat to Sat “Real Free Space Comms”, Under-Water Fixed to
with colleagues, evaluate systems, and understand the Mobile, Under-Water Mobile to Fixed.
34 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Signal & Image Processing And Analysis For Scientists And Engineers
Recent attendee comments ...
"This course provided insight and
explanations that saved me hours of
Whether working in the scientific, medical, or
security field, signal and image processing and
analysis play a critical role. This three-day course is December 14-16, 2010
de?signed is designed for engineers, scientists, Beltsville, Maryland
technicians, implementers, and managers in those
fields who need to understand basic and advanced $1590 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
methods of signal and image processing and
analysis techniques. The course provides a jump "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
start for utilizing these methods in any application. Off The Course Tuition."
Instructor Course Outline
Dr. Donald J. Roth is the Nondestructive 1. Introduction. Basic Descriptions, Terminology,
Evaluation (NDE) Team Lead at a and Concepts Related to Signals, Imaging, and
major NASA center, as well as a Processing for science and engineering. Analog
senior research engineer with 26 and Digital. Data acquisition concepts. Sampling
years of experience in NDE, and Quantization.
measurement and imaging 2. Signal Analysis. Basic operations,
sciences, and software design. His Frequency-domain filtering, Wavelet filtering,
primary areas of expertise over his Wavelet Decomposition and Reconstruction, Signal
career include research and development in Deconvolution, Joint Time-Frequency Processing,
the imaging modalities of ultrasound, infrared, Curve Fitting.
x-ray, computed tomography, and terahertz. He 3. Signal Analysis. Signal Parameter Extraction,
has been heavily involved in the development Peak Detection, Signal Statistics, Joint Time –
of software for custom data and control Frequency Analysis, Acoustic Emission analysis,
systems, and for signal and image processing Curve Fitting Parameter Extraction.
software systems. Dr. Roth holds the degree of 4. Image Processing. Basic and Advanced
Ph.D. in Materials Science from the Case Methods, Spatial frequency Filtering, Wavelet
Western Reserve University and has published filtering, lookup tables, Kernel convolution/filtering
over 100 articles, presentations, book (e.g. Sobel, Gradient, Median), Directional Filtering,
chapters, and software products. Image Deconvolution, Wavelet Decomposition and
Reconstruction, Thresholding, Colorization,
What You Will Learn Morphological Operations, Segmentation, B-scan
display, Phased Array Display.
• Terminology, definitions, and concepts related
to basic and advanced signal and image 5. Image Analysis. Region-of-interest Analysis,
processing. Line profiles, Feature Selection and Measurement,
Image Math, Logical Operators, Masks, Particle
• Conceptual examples. analysis, Image Series Reduction including Images
• Case histories where these methods have Averaging, Principal Component Analysis,
proven applicable. Derivative Images, Multi-surface Rendering, B-scan
• Methods are exhibited using live computerized Analysis, Phased Array Analysis.
demonstrations. 6. Integrated Signal and Image Processing
and Analysis Software and algorithm strategies.
• All of this will allow a better understanding of
The instructor will draw on his extensive experience
how and when to apply processing methods in to demonstrate how these methods can be
practice. combined and utilized in a post-processing software
package. Software strategies including code and
From this course you will obtain the knowledge interface design concepts for versatile signal and
and ability to perform basic and advanced signal image processing and analysis software
and image processing and analysis that can be development will be provided. These strategies are
applied to many signal and image acquisition applicable for any language including LabVIEW,
scenarios in order to improve and analyze signal MATLAB, and IDL. Practical considerations and
and image data approaches will be emphasized.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 35
Strapdown Inertial Navigation Systems
Guidance, Navigation & Control Engineering
NEW! November 1-4, 2010
Albuquerque, New Mexico
January 17-20, 2011
Cape Canaveral, Florida
February 28-March 3, 2011
In this highly structured 4-day short course – $1790 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
specifically tailored to the needs of busy engineers,
scientists, managers, and aerospace professionals – "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Logsdon will provide you with cogent instruction on the
modern guidance, navigation, and control techniques
now being perfected at key research centers around
the world. Course Outline
The various topics are amply illustrated with 1. Inertial Navigation Systems. Fundamental Concepts.
Schuller Pendulum Errors. Strapdown Implementations. Ring
powerful analogies, full-color sketches, block Laser Gyros. The Sagnac Effect. Monolithic Ring Laser Gyros.
diagrams, simple one-page derivations highlighting Fiber Optic Gyros. Advanced Strapdown Concepts.
their salient features, and numerical examples that 2. Radionavigations’s Precise Position-Fixing
employ inputs from battlefield rockets, satellites, and Techniques. Active and Passive Radionavigation Systems.
deep-space missions. These lessons are carefully laid Precise Pseudoranging Solutions. Nanosecond Timing
out to help you design and implement practical Accuracies. The Quantum-Mechanical Principles of Cesium
performance-optimal missions and test procedures. and Rubidium Atomic Clocks. Solving for the User’s Position.
3. Integrated Navigation Systems. Modern INS
Concepts. Gimballing and Strapdown Implementations in
Instructor Review. Embedded Navigation Systems. Open-Loop and
Closed-Loop Implementations. Chassis-Level Integration.
Thomas S. Logsdon has accumulated more than Transfer Alignment Techniques. Kalman Filters and Their
30 years experience with the Naval Ordinance State Variable Selections. Real-World Test Results.
Laboratory, McDonnell Douglas, 4. Hardware Units for Inertial Navigation. Sensors.
Lockheed Martin, Boeing Aerospace, Solid-State Accelerometers. Initializing Today’s Strapdown
and Rockwell International. His research Inertial Navigation Systems. Coordinate Rotations and
Direction Cosine Matrices. Advanced Strapdown Concepts
projects and consulting assignments and Hardware Units. Strapdown INS Launched Into Space.
have included the Tartar and Talos 5. Military Applications of Integrated Navigation
shipboard missiles, Project Skylab, and Systems. Developing and Implementing the Worldwide
various interplanetary missions. Common Grid. Translator Implementations at Military Test
Ranges. Military Performance Specifications. Military Test
Mr. Logsdon has also worked on the Navstar GPS Results. Tactical Applications. The Trident Accuracy
project, including military applications, constellation Improvement Program. Tomahawk Cruise Missile Upgrades.
design and coverage studies. He has taught and 6. Navigation Solutions & Kalman Filtering
lectured in 31 different countries on six continents and Techniques. P-Code Navigation Solutions. Solving For the
he has written and published 1.7 million words, User’s Velocity. Evaluating the Geometrical Dilution of
including 29 technical books. His textbooks include Precision. Deriving Real-Time Accuracy Estimates. Kalman
Filtering Procedures. The Covariance Matrices and Their
Striking It Rich in Space, Understanding the Navstar, Physical Interpretations. Typical State Variable Selections.
Mobile Communication Satellites, and Orbital Monte Carlo Simulations.
Mechanics: Theory and Applications. 7. Smart Bombs, Guided Missiles, & Artillery
Projectiles. Beam-Riders and Their Destructive Potential.
Smart Bombs and Their Demonstrated Accuracies. Smart and
What You Will Learn Rugged Artillery Projectiles. The Paveway IV.
• What are the key differences between gimballing and 8. Spacecraft Subsystems GPS Subsystems on Parade.
Orbit Injection and TT&C. Electrical Power and Attitude and
strapdown Inertial Navigation Systems? Velocity Control. Navigation and Reaction Control. Schematic
• How are transfer alignment operations currently Overview Featuring Some of the More Important Subsystem
being carried out on the modern battlefield? Interactions.
• How sensitive are today’s solid state accelerometers 9. Spaceborne Applications of Integrated Navigation
and how are they currently being designed? Systems. On-Orbit Position-Fixing for the Landsat Satellites.
Highly Precise Orbit-Determination Techniques. The Twin
• What is a covariance matrix and how can it be used Grace Satellites. Guiding Tomorrow’s Booster Rockets.
in evaluating the performance capabilities of Attitude Determination for the International Space Station.
Integrated GPS/INS Navigation Systems? Cesium Fountain Clocks in Outer Space. Relativistic
Corrections for Radionavigation Satellites.
• How does the Paveway IV differ from its
10. Guidance & Control for Deep Space Missions.
predecessors? Putting ICBM’s Through Their Paces. Guiding Tomorrow’s
• What are its key performance capabilities on the Highly Demanding Missions from the Earth to Mars. JPL’s
battlefield? Awesome New Interplanetary Pinball Machines. JPL’s Deep
Space Network. Autonomous Robots Swarming Through the
• What is the deep space network and how does it Universe. Unpaved Freeways in the Sky.
perform its demanding mission assignments?
36 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach
“This course uses very little math, yet provides an in-
depth understanding of the concepts and real-world
February 22-24, 2011
applications of these powerful tools.” San Diego, California
Summary $1690 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) are in wide use and "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
work very well if your signal stays at a constant Off The Course Tuition."
frequency (“stationary”). But if the signal could vary,
have pulses, “blips” or any other kind of interesting "Your Wavelets course was very helpful in our
behavior then you need Wavelets. Wavelets are Radar studies. We often use wavelets now instead
remarkable tools that can stretch and move like an of the Fourier Transform for precision denoising."
amoeba to find the hidden “events” and then –Long To, NAWC WD, Point Wugu, CA
simultaneously give you their location, frequency, and
shape. Wavelet Transforms allow this and many other "I was looking forward to this course and it was
capabilities not possible with conventional methods like very rewarding–Your clear explanations starting
the FFT. with the big picture immediately contextualized the
This course is vastly different from traditional math- material allowing us to drill a little deeper with a
oriented Wavelet courses or books in that we use fuller understanding"
examples, figures, and computer demonstrations to –Steve Van Albert, Walter Reed Army Insti-
show how to understand and work with Wavelets. This tute of Research
is a comprehensive, in-depth. up-to-date treatment of
"Good overview of key wavelet concepts and lit-
the subject, but from an intuitive, conceptual point of erature. The course provided a good physical un-
view. derstanding of wavelet transforms and
We do look at some key equations but only AFTER applications."
the concepts are demonstrated and understood so you –Stanley Radzevicius, ENSCO, Inc.
can see the wavelets and equations “in action”.
Each student will receive extensive course slides, a
CD with MATLAB demonstrations, and a copy of the
instructor’s new book, Conceptual Wavelets. 1. What is a Wavelet? Examples and Uses. “Waves” that
can start, stop, move and stretch. Real-world applications in
many fields: Signal and Image Processing, Internet Traffic,
Instructor Airport Security, Medicine, JPEG, Finance, Pulse and Target
D. Lee Fugal is the Founder and President of an Recognition, Radar, Sonar, etc.
independent consulting firm. He has 2. Comparison with traditional methods. The concept
over 30 years of industry experience in of the FFT, the STFT, and Wavelets as all being various types
Digital Signal Processing (including of comparisons (correlations) with the data. Strengths,
weaknesses, optimal choices.
Wavelets) and Satellite
Communications. He has been a full- 3. The Continuous Wavelet Transform (CWT).
time consultant on numerous Stretching and shifting the Wavelet for optimal correlation.
Predefined vs. Constructed Wavelets.
assignments since 1991. Recent
projects include Excision of Chirp 4. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT). Shrinking
the signal by factors of 2 through downsampling.
Jammer Signals using Wavelets, design of Space-
Understanding the DWT in terms of correlations with the data.
Based Geolocation Systems (GPS & Non-GPS), and Relating the DWT to the CWT. Demonstrations and uses.
Advanced Pulse Detection using Wavelet Technology.
5. The Redundant Discrete Wavelet Transform (RDWT).
He has taught upper-division University courses in Stretching the Wavelet by factors of 2 without downsampling.
DSP and in Satellites as well as Wavelet short courses Tradeoffs between the alias-free processing and the extra
and seminars for Practicing Engineers and storage and computational burdens. A hybrid process using
Management. He holds a Masters in Applied Physics both the DWT and the RDWT. Demonstrations and uses.
(DSP) from the University of Utah, is a Senior Member 6. “Perfect Reconstruction Filters”. How to cancel the
of IEEE, and a recipient of the IEEE Third Millennium effects of aliasing. How to recognize and avoid any traps. A
Medal. breakthrough method to see the filters as basic Wavelets.
The “magic” of alias cancellation demonstrated in both the
time and frequency domains.
What You Will Learn
7. Highly useful properties of popular Wavelets. How
• How to use Wavelets as a “microscope” to analyze to choose the best Wavelet for your application. When to
data that changes over time or has hidden “events” create your own and when to stay with proven favorites.
that would not show up on an FFT.
8. Compression and De-Noising using Wavelets. How
• How to understand and efficiently use the 3 types of to remove unwanted or non-critical data without throwing
Wavelet Transforms to better analyze and process away the alias cancellation capability. A new, powerful method
your data. State-of-the-art methods and to extract signals from large amounts of noise.
• How to compress and de-noise data using advanced 9. Additional Methods and Applications. Image
Wavelet techniques. How to avoid potential pitfalls Processing. Detecting Discontinuities, Self-Similarities and
by understanding the concepts. A “safe” method if in Transitory Events. Speech Processing. Human Vision. Audio
doubt. and Video. BPSK/QPSK Signals. Wavelet Packet Analysis.
Matched Filtering. How to read and use the various Wavelet
• How to increase productivity and reduce cost by Displays. Demonstrations.
choosing (or building) a Wavelet that best matches 10. Further Resources. The very best of Wavelet
your particular application. references.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 37
Wireless Communications & Spread Spectrum Design
Summary March 22-24, 2011
This three-day course is designed for wireless Beltsville, Maryland
communication engineers involved with spread
spectrum systems, and managers who wish to $1690 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
enhance their understanding
of the wireless techniques that "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
are being used in all types of Off The Course Tuition."
communication systems and
products. It provides an overall Course Outline
look at many types and
advantages of spread 1. Transceiver Design. dB power, link budgets, system
spectrum systems that are design tradeoffs, S/N, Eb/No, Pe, BER, link margin, tracking
designed in wireless systems noise, process gain, effects and advantages of using spread
today. This course covers an spectrum techniques.
intuitive approach that 2. Transmitter Design. Spread spectrum transmitters,
provides a real feel for the PSK, MSK, QAM, CP-PSK, FH, OFDM, PN-codes,
technology, with applications that apply to both the TDMA/CDMA/FDMA, antennas, T/R, LOs, upconverters,
government and commercial sectors. Students will sideband elimination, PAs, VSWR.
receive a copy of the instructor's textbook, Transceiver 3. Receiver Design. Dynamic range, image rejection,
and System Design for Digital Communications. limiters, MDS, superheterodyne receivers, importance of
LNAs, 3rd order intercept, intermods, spurious signals, two
tone dynamic range, TSS, phase noise, mixers, filters, A/D
converters, aliasing anti-aliasing filters, digital signal
Instructor processors DSPs.
Scott R. Bullock, P.E., MSEE, 30 years in Wireless 4. Automatic Gain Control Design & Phase Lock Loop
Communications & Networking for commercial and Comparison. AGCs, linearizer, detector, loop filter, integrator,
Military links, holds 18 patents, published two books; using control theory and feedback systems to analyze AGCs,
Transceiver and System Design for Digital Comms, 3rd PLL and AGC comparison.
Edition, Scitech Pub 2009, and Broadband 5. Demodulation. Demodulation and despreading
Communications and Home Networking, Scitech Pub techniques for spread spectrum systems, pulsed matched
2000, and multiple technical articles. He worked and filters, sliding correlators, pulse position modulation, CDMA,
consulted for TI, L-3Comms, Omnipoint, Raytheon, coherent demod, despreading, carrier recovery, squaring
Northrop Grumman holding positions of Fellow, Dir. loops, Costas and modified Costas loops, symbol synch, eye
Senior Dir., and VP of Eng. He has taught this course pattern, inter-symbol interference, phase detection, Shannon'
for 15 years with updates to include the newest s limit.
technologies. He was a guest lecturer Polytechnic on 6. Basic Probability and Pulse Theory. Simple approach
“Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum & Multiple Access to probability, gaussian process, quantization error, Pe, BER,
Technologies”, adjunct professor, developed the first probability of detection vs probability of false alarm, error
hand-held PCS digital telephone using CDMA/TDMA detection CRC, error correction, FEC, RS & Turbo codes,
hybrid, a D8PSK for GPS landings, a wireless LPI/LPD LDPC, Interleaving, Viterbi, multi-h, PPM, m-sequence codes.
anti-jam data link replacing the wired TOW missile, & 7. Multipath. Specular and diffuse reflections, Rayleigh
many others. criteria, earth curvature, pulse systems, vector and power
8. Improving the System Against Jammers. Burst
What You Will Learn jammers, digital filters, GSOs, adaptive filters, ALEs,
• How to perform link budgets for types of spread quadrature method to eliminate unwanted sidebands,
spectrum communications? orthogonal methods to reduce jammers, types of intercept
• How to evaluate different digital modulation/ receivers.
demodulation techniques? 9. Global Navigation Satellite Systems. Basic
• What additional techniques are used to enhance understanding of GPS, spread spectrum BPSK modulated
digital Comm links including; multiple access, signal from space, satellite transmission, signal structure,
OFDM, error detection/correction, FEC, Turbo receiver, errors, narrow correlator, selective availability SA,
codes? carrier smoothed code, Differential DGPS, Relative GPS,
widelane/narrowlane, carrier phase tracking KCPT, double
• What is multipath and how to reduce multipath difference.
and jammers including adaptive processes?
10. Satellite Communications. ADPCM, FSS,
• What types of satellite communications and geosynchronous / geostationary orbits, types of antennas,
satellites are being used and design techniques? equivalent temperature analysis, G/T multiple access,
• What types of networks & Comms are being propagation delay, types of satellites.
used for commercial/military; ad hoc, mesh, WiFi, 11. Broadband Communications and Networking. Home
WiMAX, 3&4G, JTRS, SCA, SDR, Link 16, distribution methods, Bluetooth, OFDM, WiFi, WiMax, LTE,
cognitive radios & networks? 3&4G cellular, QoS, military radios, JTRS, software defined
• What is a Global Positioning System? radios, SCA, gateways, Link 16, TDMA, adaptive networks,
mesh, ad hoc, on-the-move, MANETs, D-MANETs, cognitive
• How to solve a 3 dimension Direction Finding?
radios and networks.
From this course you will obtain the knowledge
12. DF & Interferometer Analysis. Positioning and
and ability to evaluate and develop the system direction finding using interferometers, direction cosines,
design for wireless communication digital three dimensional approach, antenna position matrix,
transceivers including spread spectrum systems. coordinate conversion for moving.
38 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Advanced Satellite Communications Systems:
Survey of Current and Emerging Digital Systems
January 25-27, 2011
Cocoa Beach, Florida
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
1. Introduction to SATCOM. History and
This three-day course covers all the technology overview. Examples of current military and
of advanced satellite communications as well as the commercial systems.
principles behind current state-of-the-art satellite
communications equipment. New and promising 2. Satellite orbits and transponder
technologies will be covered to develop an
understanding of the major approaches. Network 3. Traffic Connectivities: Mesh, Hub-Spoke,
topologies, VSAT, and IP networking over satellite. Point-to-Point, Broadcast.
4. Multiple Access Techniques: FDMA, TDMA,
CDMA, Random Access. DAMA and Bandwidth-on-
Dr. John Roach is a leading authority in satellite 5. Communications Link Calculations.
communications with 35+ years in the SATCOM Definition of EIRP, G/T, Eb/No. Noise Temperature
industry. He has worked on many development and Figure. Transponder gain and SFD. Link
projects both as employee and consultant / Budget Calculations.
contractor. His experience has focused on the 6. Digital Modulation Techniques. BPSK,
systems engineering of state-of-the-art system QPSK. Standard pulse formats and bandwidth.
developments, military and commercial, from the Nyquist signal shaping. Ideal BER performance.
worldwide architectural level to detailed terminal 7. PSK Receiver Design Techniques. Carrier
tradeoffs and designs. He has been an adjunct recovery, phase slips, ambiguity resolution,
faculty member at Florida Institute of Technology differential coding. Optimum data detection, clock
where he taught a range of graduate comm- recovery, bit count integrity.
unications courses. He has also taught SATCOM 8. Overview of Error Correction Coding,
short courses all over the US and in London and Encryption, and Frame Synchronization.
Toronto, both publicly and in-house for both Standard FEC types. Coding Gain.
government and commercial organizations. In
9. RF Components. HPA, SSPA, LNA, Up/down
addition, he has been an expert witness in patent, converters. Intermodulation, band limiting, oscillator
trade secret, and government contracting cases. Dr. phase noise. Examples of BER Degradation.
Roach has a Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from
Georgia Tech. Advanced Satellite Communications 10. TDMA Networks. Time Slots. Preambles.
Suitability for DAMA and BoD.
Systems: Survey of Current and Emerging Digital
Systems. 11. Characteristics of IP and TCP/UDP over
satellite. Unicast and Multicast. Need for
Performance Enhancing Proxy (PEP) techniques.
What You Will Learn 12. VSAT Networks and their system
• Major Characteristics of satellites. characteristics; DVB standards and MF-TDMA.
• Characteristics of satellite networks. 13. Earth Station Antenna types. Pointing /
• The tradeoffs between major alternatives in Tracking. Small antennas at Ku band. FCC - Intelsat
SATCOM system design. - ITU antenna requirements and EIRP density
• SATCOM system tradeoffs and link budget limitations.
analysis. 14. Spread Spectrum Techniques. Military use
and commercial PSD spreading with DS PN
• DAMA/BoD for FDMA, TDMA, and CDMA
systems. Acquisition and tracking. Frequency Hop
• Critical RF parameters in terminal equipment and
15. Overview of Bandwidth Efficient
their effects on performance. Modulation (BEM) Techniques. M-ary PSK, Trellis
• Technical details of digital receivers. Coded 8PSK, QAM.
• Tradeoffs among different FEC coding choices. 16. Convolutional coding and Viterbi
• Use of spread spectrum for Comm-on-the-Move. decoding. Concatenated coding. Turbo coding.
• Characteristics of IP traffic over satellite. 17. Emerging Technology Developments and
• Overview of bandwidth efficient modulation types. Future Trends.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 39
Attitude Determination and Control
February 28 - March 3, 2011
Summary $1790 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
This four-day course provides a detailed "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
introduction to spacecraft attitude estimation and Off The Course Tuition."
control. This course emphasizes many practical
aspects of attitude control system design but with a
solid theoretical foundation. The principles of operation
and characteristics of attitude sensors and actuators Recent attendee comments ...
are discussed. Spacecraft kinematics and dynamics
are developed for use in control design and system
simulation. Attitude determination methods are “Very thorough!”
discussed in detail, including TRIAD, QUEST, Kalman
filters. Sensor alignment and calibration is also “Relevant and comprehensive.”
covered. Environmental factors that affect pointing
accuracy and attitude dynamics are presented.
Pointing accuracy, stability (smear), and jitter
definitions and analysis methods are presented. The Course Outline
various types of spacecraft pointing controllers and 1. Kinematics. Vectors, direction-cosine
design, and analysis methods are presented. Students matrices, Euler angles, quaternions, frame
should have an engineering background including transformations, and rotating frames. Conversion
calculus and linear algebra. Sufficient background between attitude representations.
mathematics are presented in the course but is kept to 2. Dynamics. Rigid-body rotational dynamics,
the minimum necessary. Euler's equation. Slosh dynamics. Spinning spacecraft
with long wire booms.
Instructor 3. Sensors. Sun sensors, Earth Horizon sensors,
Dr. Mark E. Pittelkau is an independent consultant. Magnetometers, Gyros, Allan Variance & Green
He was previously with the Applied Physics Laboratory, Charts, Angular Displacement sensors, Star Trackers.
Orbital Sciences Corporation, CTA Space Systems, Principles of operation and error modeling.
and Swales Aerospace. His early career at the Naval 4. Actuators. Reaction and momentum wheels,
Surface Warfare Center involved target tracking, gun dynamic and static imbalance, wheel configurations,
pointing control, and gun system calibration, and he magnetic torque rods, reaction control jets. Principles
has recently worked in target track fusion. His of operation and modeling.
experience in satellite systems covers all phases of 5. Environmental Disturbance Torques.
design and operation, including conceptual desig, Aerodynamic, solar pressure, gravity-gradient,
implemen-tation, and testing of attitude control magnetic dipole torque, dust impacts, and internal
systems, attitude and orbit determination, and attitude disturbances.
sensor alignment and calibration, control-structure
6. Pointing Error Metrics. Accuracy, Stability
interaction analysis, stability and jitter analysis, and
(Smear), and Jitter. Definitions and methods of design
post-launch support. His current interests are precision
and analysis for specification and verification of
attitude determination, attitude sensor calibration, orbit
determination, and formation flying. Dr. Pittelkau
earned the Bachelor's and Ph. D. degrees in Electrical 7. Attitude Control. B-dot and H X B rate damping
Engineering at Tennessee Technological University laws. Gravity-gradient, spin stabilization, and
and the Master's degree in EE at Virginia Polytechnic momentum bias control. Three-axis zero-momentum
Institute and State University. control. Controller design and stability. Back-of-the
envelope equations for actuator sizing and controller
design. Flexible-body modeling, control-structure
What You Will Learn interaction, structural-mode (flex-mode) filters, and
• Characteristics and principles of operation of attitude control of flexible structures. Verification and
sensors and actuators. Validation, and Polarity and Phase testing.
• Kinematics and dynamics. 8. Attitude Determination. TRIAD and QUEST
• Principles of time and coordinate systems. algorithms. Introduction to Kalman filtering. Potential
• Attitude determination methods, algorithms, and problems and reliable solutions in Kalman filtering.
limits of performance; Attitude determination using the Kalman filter.
Calibration of attitude sensors and gyros.
• Pointing accuracy, stability (smear), and jitter
definitions and analysis methods. 9. Coordinate Systems and Time. J2000 and
ICRF inertial reference frames. Earth Orientation,
• Various types of pointing control systems and WGS-84, geodetic, geographic coordinates. Time
hardware necessary to meet particular control systems. Conversion between time scales. Standard
objectives. epochs. Spacecraft time and timing.
• Back-of-the envelope design techniques.
40 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Communications Payload Design and Satellite System Architecture
November 16-18, 2010 NEW!
Beltsville, Maryland Course Outline
April 5-7, 2011 1. Communications Payloads
Requirements. Bandwidth, coverage, services and
Albuquerque, New Mexico applications; RF link characteristics and appropriate use of link
budgets; bent pipe payloads using passive and active
components; specific demands for broadband data, IP over
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm) satellite, mobile communications and service availability;
principles for using digital processing in system architecture,
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each and on-board processor examples at L band (non-GEO and
Off The Course Tuition." GEO) and Ka band.
2. Systems Engineering to Meet Service
Summary Requirements. Transmission engineering of the satellite link
and payload (modulation and FEC, standards such as DVB-S2
This three-day course provides communications and and Adaptive Coding and Modulation, ATM and IP routing in
satellite systems engineers and system architects with a space); optimizing link and payload design through
comprehensive and accurate approach for the consideration of traffic distribution and dynamics, link margin,
specification and detailed design of the communications RF interference and frequency coordination requirements.
payload and its integration into a satellite system. Both 3. Bent-pipe Repeater Design. Example of a detailed
standard bent pipe repeaters and digital processors (on block and level diagram, design for low noise amplification,
board and ground-based) are studied in depth, and down-conversion design, IMUX and band-pass filtering, group
optimized from the standpoint of maximizing throughput delay and gain slope, AGC and linearizaton, power
and coverage (single footprint and multi-beam). amplification (SSPA and TWTA, linearization and parallel
Applications in Fixed Satellite Service (C, X, Ku and Ka combining), OMUX and design for high power/multipactor,
redundancy switching and reliability assessment.
bands) and Mobile Satellite Service (L and S bands) are
addressed as are the requirements of the associated 4. Spacecraft Antenna Design and Performance. Fixed
ground segment for satellite control and the provision of reflector systems (offset parabola, Gregorian, Cassegrain)
feeds and feed systems, movable and reconfigurable
services to end users. antennas; shaped reflectors; linear and circular polarization.
5. Communications Payload Performance Budgeting.
Gain to Noise Temperature Ratio (G/T), Saturation Flux
Instructor Density (SFD), and Effective Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP);
repeater gain/loss budgeting; frequency stability and phase
Bruce R. Elbert (MSEE, MBA) is an independent noise; third-order intercept (3ICP), gain flatness, group delay;
consultant and Adjunct Prof of Engineering, Univ of Wisc, non-linear phase shift (AM/PM); out of band rejection and
Madison. amplitude non-linearity (C3IM and NPR).
He is a recognized satellite 6. On-board Digital Processor Technology. A/D and D/A
communications expert with 40 years of conversion, digital signal processing for typical channels and
experience in satellite communications formats (FDMA, TDMA, CDMA); demodulation and
payload and systems design engineering remodulation, multiplexing and packet switching; static and
beginning at COMSAT Laboratories and dynamic beam forming; design requirements and service
including 25 years with Hughes impacts.
Electronics. He has contributed to the 7. Multi-beam Antennas. Fixed multi-beam antennas
design and construction of major communications, using multiple feeds, feed layout and isloation; phased array
including Intelsat, Inmarsat, Galaxy, Thuraya, DIRECTV approaches using reflectors and direct radiating arrays; on-
and Palapa A. board versus ground-based beamforming.
He has written eight books, including: The Satellite 8. RF Interference and Spectrum Management
Communication Applications Handbook, Second Edition, Considerations. Unraveling the FCC and ITU international
The Satellite Communication Ground Segment and Earth regulatory and coordination process; choosing frequency
bands that address service needs; development of regulatory
Station Handbook, and Introduction to Satellite and frequency coordination strategy based on successful case
Communication, Third Edition. studies.
9. Ground Segment Selection and Optimization.
Overall architecture of the ground segment: satellite TT&C and
What You Will Learn communications services; earth station and user terminal
• How to transform system and service requirements into capabilities and specifications (fixed and mobile); modems and
payload specifications and design elements. baseband systems; selection of appropriate antenna based on
link requirements and end-user/platform considerations.
• What are the specific characteristics of payload
components, such as antennas, LNAs, microwave filters, 10. Earth station and User Terminal Tradeoffs: RF
channel and power amplifiers, and power combiners. tradeoffs (RF power, EIRP, G/T); network design for provision
of service (star, mesh and hybrid networks); portability and
• What space and ground architecture to employ when mobility.
evaluating on-board processing and multiple beam
antennas, and how these may be configured for optimum 11. Performance and Capacity Assessment.
end-to-end performance. Determining capacity requirements in terms of bandwidth,
power and network operation; selection of the air interface
• How to understand the overall system architecture and the (multiple access, modulation and coding); interfaces with
capabilities of ground segment elements - hubs and remote satellite and ground segment; relationship to available
terminals - to integrate with the payload, constellation and standards in current use and under development.
12. Satellite System Verification Methodology.
• From this course you will obtain the knowledge, skill and Verification engineering for the payload and ground segment;
ability to configure a communications payload based on its where and how to review sources of available technology and
service requirements and technical features. You will software to evaluate subsystem and system performance;
understand the engineering processes and device guidelines for overseeing development and evaluating
characteristics that determine how the payload is put alternate technologies and their sources; example of a
together and operates in a state - of - the - art complete design of a communications payload and system
telecommunications system to meet user needs. architecture.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 41
Design and Analysis of Bolted Joints
For Aerospace Engineers
December 7-9, 2010
Recent attendee comments ... Beltsville, Maryland
“It was a fantastic course—one of the
most useful short courses I have ever $1590 (8:30am - 5:00pm)
taken.” "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
“A must course for structural/mechanical
engineers and anyone who has ever
questioned the assumptions in bolt analysis”
(What I found most useful:) “strong
emphasis on understanding physical Course Outline
principles vs. blindly applying textbook 1. Overview of Designing Fastened Joints.
formulas.” Common problems with structural joints, a design
process, selecting the method of attachment, strength
“Excellent instructor. Great lessons analysis for sizing and assessment, establishing
learned on failure modes shown from design standards and criteria.
2. Introduction to Threaded Fasteners. Brief
history of screw threads, terminology and specification,
Summary tensile-stress area, fine threads vs. coarse threads.
Just about everyone involved in developing 3. Developing a Concept for the Joint. Selecting
hardware for space missions (or any other purpose, the type of fastener, configuring the joint, designing a
for that matter) has been affected by problems with stiff joint, shear clips and tension clips, guidelines for
mechanical joints. Common problems include using tapped holes and inserts.
structural failure, fatigue, unwanted and unpredicted 4. Calculating Fastener Loads. How a preloaded
loss of stiffness, joint shifting or loss of alignment, joint carries load, temporarily ignoring preload, other
fastener loosening, material mismatch, incom- common assumptions and their limitations, calculating
patibility with the space environment, mis-drilled bolt loads in a compact joint, examples, calculating
holes, time-consuming and costly assembly, and fastener loads for skins and panels.
inability to disassemble when needed. 5. Failure Modes, Assessment Methods, and
• Build an understanding of how bolted joints Design Guidelines. Typical strength criteria for
behave and how they fail. aerospace structures; an effective process for strength
• Impart effective processes, methods, and analysis; bolt tension, shear, and interaction; tension
standards for design and analysis, drawing on a mix joints, shear joints, identifying potential failure modes,
of theory, empirical data, and practical experience. riveted joints, fastening composite materials.
• Share guidelines, rules of thumb, and valuable 6. Thread Shear and Pull-out Strength. How
references. threads fail, computing theoretical shear engagement
The course includes many examples and class areas, including a knock-down factor, selected test
problems; calculators are required. Each participant results.
will receive a comprehensive set of course notes. 7. Selecting Hardware and Detailing the Design.
subject to strict application of modern science. Selecting hardware and materials, guidelines for
simplifying assembly, establishing bolt preload, locking
features, recommendations for controlling preload.
Instructor 8. Detailed Analysis: Accounting for Bolt Preload.
Tom Sarafin has worked full time in the space
Mechanics of a preloaded joint, estimating the load
industry since 1979, at Martin Marietta and Instar
carried by the bolt and designing to reduce it, effects of
Engineering. Since founding Instar in 1993, he has
ductility, calculating maximum and minimum preload,
consulted for DigitalGlobe, AeroAstro, AFRL, and
thermal effects on preload, fatigue analysis.
Design_Net Engineering. He has helped the U. S.
Air Force Academy design, develop, and test a 9. Recommended Design Practice for Ductile
series of small satellites and has been an advisor to Bolts Not Subject to NASA Standards. Applicability,
DARPA. He is the editor and principal author of general recommendations, torque coefficients for steel
Spacecraft Structures and Mechanisms: From fasteners, establishing allowable limit bolt loads for
Concept to Launch and is a contributing author to all design, example.
three editions of Space Mission Analysis and 10. Complying with NASA Standards. Factors of
Design. Since 1995, he has taught over 150 short safety, fracture control for fastened joints, satisfying the
courses to more than 3000 engineers and intent of NSTS 08307A, simplifying: deriving reduced
managers in the space industry. allowable bolts loads, example.
42 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Earth Station Design, Implementation, Operation and Maintenance
for Satellite Communications
November 9-12, 2010
$1895 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Course Outline
1. Ground Segment and Earth Station Technical
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Aspects.
Off The Course Tuition." Evolution of satellite communication earth stations—
teleports and hubs • Earth station design philosophy for
performance and operational effectiveness • Engineering
Summary principles • Propagation considerations • The isotropic source,
line of sight, antenna principles • Atmospheric effects:
This intensive four-day course is intended for troposphere (clear air and rain) and ionosphere (Faraday and
satellite communications engineers, earth station scintillation) • Rain effects and rainfall regions • Use of the
design professionals, and operations and maintenance DAH and Crane rain models • Modulation systems (QPSK,
managers and technical staff. The course provides a OQPSK, MSK, GMSK, 8PSK, 16 QAM, and 32 APSK) •
proven approach to the design of modern earth Forward error correction techniques (Viterbi, Reed-Solomon,
stations, from the system level down to the critical Turbo, and LDPC codes) • Transmission equation and its
relationship to the link budget • Radio frequency clearance
elements that determine the performance and reliability and interference consideration • RFI prediction techniques •
of the facility. We address the essential technical Antenna sidelobes (ITU-R Rec 732) • Interference criteria and
properties in the baseband and RF, and delve deeply coordination • Site selection • RFI problem identification and
into the block diagram, budgets and specification of resolution.
earth stations and hubs. Also addressed are practical 2. Major Earth Station Engineering.
approaches for the procurement and implementation of RF terminal design and optimization. Antennas for major
the facility, as well as proper practices for O&M and earth stations (fixed and tracking, LP and CP) • Upconverter
and HPA chain (SSPA, TWTA, and KPA) • LNA/LNB and
testing throughout the useful life. The overall downconverter chain. Optimization of RF terminal
methodology assures that the earth station meets its configuration and performance (redundancy, power
requirements in a cost effective and manageable combining, and safety) • Baseband equipment configuration
manner. Each student will receive a copy of Bruce R. and integration • Designing and verifying the terrestrial
Elbert’s text The Satellite Communication Ground interface • Station monitor and control • Facility design and
implementation • Prime power and UPS systems. Developing
Segment and Earth Station Engineering Handbook, environmental requirements (HVAC) • Building design and
Artech House, 2001. construction • Grounding and lightening control.
3. Hub Requirements and Supply.
Earth station uplink and downlink gain budgets • EIRP
Instructor budget • Uplink gain budget and equipment requirements •
Bruce R. Elbert, MSc (EE), MBA, President, G/T budget • Downlink gain budget • Ground segment supply
Application Technology Strategy, Inc., process • Equipment and system specifications • Format of a
Thousand Oaks, California; and Request for Information • Format of a Request for Proposal •
Adjunct Professor, College of Proposal evaluations • Technical comparison criteria •
Operational requirements • Cost-benefit and total cost of
Engineering, University of Wisconsin, ownership.
Madison. Mr. Elbert is a recognized 4. Link Budget Analysis using SatMaster Tool .
satellite communications expert and Standard ground rules for satellite link budgets • Frequency
has been involved in the satellite and band selection: L, S, C, X, Ku, and Ka. Satellite footprints
telecommunications industries for over 30 years. He (EIRP, G/T, and SFD) and transponder plans • Introduction to
founded ATSI to assist major private and public sector the user interface of SatMaster • File formats: antenna
organizations that develop and operate cutting-edge pointing, database, digital link budget, and regenerative
repeater link budget • Built-in reference data and calculators •
networks using satellite technologies and services. Example of a digital one-way link budget (DVB-S) using
During 25 years with Hughes Electronics, he directed equations and SatMaster • Transponder loading and optimum
the design of several major satellite projects, including multi-carrier backoff • Review of link budget optimization
Palapa A, Indonesia’s original satellite system; the techniques using the program’s built-in features • Minimize
Galaxy follow-on system (the largest and most required transponder resources • Maximize throughput •
Minimize receive dish size • Minimize transmit power •
successful satellite TV system in the world); and the Example: digital VSAT network with multi-carrier operation •
development of the first GEO mobile satellite system Hub optimization using SatMaster.
capable of serving handheld user terminals. Mr. Elbert 5. Earth Terminal Maintenance Requirements and
was also ground segment manager for the Hughes Procedures.
system, which included eight teleports and 3 VSAT • Outdoor systems • Antennas, mounts and waveguide •
hubs. He served in the US Army Signal Corps as a Field of view • Shelter, power and safety • Indoor RF and IF
radio communications officer and instructor. systems • Vendor requirements by subsystem • Failure modes
and routine testing.
By considering the technical, business, and 6. VSAT Basseband Hub Maintenance Requirements
operational aspects of satellite systems, Mr. Elbert has and Procedures.
contributed to the operational and economic success IF and modem equipment • Performance evaluation • Test
of leading organizations in the field. He has written procedures • TDMA control equipment and software •
seven books on telecommunications and IT, including Hardware and computers • Network management system •
Introduction to Satellite Communication, Third Edition System software
(Artech House, 2008). The Satellite Communication 7. Hub Procurement and Operation Case Study.
Applications Handbook, Second Edition (Artech General requirements and life-cycle • Block diagram •
Functional division into elements for design and procurement
House, 2004); The Satellite Communication Ground • System level specifications • Vendor options • Supply
Segment and Earth Station Handbook (Artech House, specifications and other requirements • RFP definition •
2001), the course text. Proposal evaluation • O&M planning
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 43
Fundamentals of Orbital & Launch Mechanics
Military, Civilian and Deep-Space Applications Eac
will rece h student
ive a fr
Navigato ee GPS
Award-winning rocket scientist Thomas S. Logsdon
has carefully tailored this comprehensive 4-day short NEW!
course to serve the needs of those military, aerospace,
and defense-industry professionals who must
understand, design, and manage today’s
increasingly complicated and demanding
aerospace missions. January 10-13, 2011
Each topic is illustrated with one-page
mathematical derivations and numerical Cape Canaveral, Florida
examples that use actual published
inputs from real-world rockets,
March 7-10, 2011
satellites, and spacecraft missions. Beltsville, Maryland
The lessons help you lay out
performance-optimal missions in concert $1895 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
with your professional colleagues.
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
For more than 30 years, Thomas S. Logsdon, has
worked on the Navstar GPS and other related Course Outline
technologies at the Naval Ordinance Laboratory, 1. Concepts from Astrodynamics. Kepler’s Laws.
McDonnell Douglas, Lockheed Martin, Boeing Newton’s clever generalizations. Evaluating the earth’s
Aerospace, and Rockwell International. His research gravitational parameter. Launch azimuths and ground-
projects and consulting assignments have included the trace geometry. Orbital perturbations.
Transit Navigation Satellites, The Tartar and Talos 2. Satellite Orbits. Isaac Newton’s vis viva equation.
shipboard missiles, and the Navstar Orbital energy and angular momentum. Gravity wells. The
GPS. In addition, he has helped put six classical Keplerian orbital elements. Station-keeping
astronauts on the moon and guide their maneuvers.
colleagues on rendezvous missions 3. Rocket Propulsion Fundamentals. Momentum
headed toward the Skylab capsule, and calculations. Specific impulse. The rocket equation.
helped fly space probes to the nearby Building efficient liquid and solid rockets. Performance
planets. calculations. Multi-stage rocket design.
Some of his more challenging assignments have 4. Enhancing a Rocket’s Performance. Optimal fuel
included trajectory optimization, constellation design, biasing techniques. The programmed mixture ratio
booster rocket performance enhancement, spacecraft scheme. Optimal trajectory shaping. Iterative least
survivability, differential navigation and booster rocket squares hunting procedures. Trajectory reconstruction.
guidance using the GPS signals. Determining the best estimate of propellant mass.
Tom Logsdon has taught short courses and lectured 5. Expendable Rockets and Reusable Space
in 31 different countries. He has written and published Shuttles. Operational characteristics, performance
40 technical papers and journal articles, a dozen of curves. Single-stage-to-orbit vehicles.
which have dealt with military and civilian 6. Powered Flight Maneuvers. The classical
radionavigation techniques. He is also the author of 29 Hohmann transfer maneuver. Multi-impulse and low-thrust
technical books on a variety of mathematical, maneuvers. Plane-change maneuvers. The bi-elliptic
engineering and scientific subjects. These include transfer. Relative motion plots. Military evasive
Understanding the Navstar, Orbital Mechanics: Theory maneuvers. Deorbit techniques. Planetary swingbys and
and Applications, Mobile Communication Satellites, ballistic capture maneuvers.
and The Navstar Global Positioning System. 7. Optimal Orbit Selection. Polar and sun-
synchronous orbits. Geostationary orbits and their major
What You Will Learn perturbations. ACE-orbit constellations. Lagrangian
• How do we launch a satellite into orbit and maneuver it to libration point orbits. Halo orbits. Interplanetary
a new location? trajectories. Mars-mission opportunities and deep-space
• How do we design a performance-optimal constellation of trajectories.
satellites? 8. Constellation Selection Trades. Existing civilian
• Why do planetary swingby maneuvers provide such and military constellations. Constellation design
profound gains in performance, and what do we pay for techniques. John Walker’s rosette configurations. Captain
these important performance gains? Draim’s constellations. Repeating ground-trace orbits.
• How can we design the best multistage rocket for a Earth coverage simulation routines.
particular mission? 9. Cruising along JPL’s Invisible Rivers of Gravity
• What are Lagrangian libration-point orbits? Which ones are in Space. Equipotential surfaces. 3-dimensional
dynamically stable? How can we place satellites into halo manifolds. Developing NASA’s clever Genesis mission.
orbits circling around these moving points in space? Capturing stardust in space. Simulating thick bundles of
• What are JPL’s gravity tubes? How were they discovered? chaotic trajectories. Experiencing tomorrow’s unpaved
How are they revolutionizing the exploration of space? freeways in the sky. The Falcon 9.
44 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
GPS Solutions for Military, Civilian & Aerospace Applications
October 25-28, 2010
will rece h student Albuquerque, New Mexico
ive a fr
Navigato ee GPS
March 14-17, 2011
April 11-14, 2011
Cape Canaveral, Florida
$1895 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
Summary "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
In this popular four-day short Off The Course Tuition."
course, GPS expert Tom Logsdon
will describe in detail how precise
radionavigation systems work and review
the many practical benefits they provide to military and Course Outline
civilian users in space and around the globe. 1. Radionavigation Principles. Active and passive
Through practical demonstration you will learn how radionavigation systems. Spherical and hyperbolic lines
a GPS receiver works, how to operate it in various of position. Position and velocity solutions. Spaceborne
atomic clocks. Websites and other sources of
situations, and how to interpret the positioning information. Building a $143 billion business in space.
solutions it provides.
2. The Three Major Segments of the GPS. Signal
Each topic includes practical derivations and real- structure and pseudorandom codes. Modulation
world examples using published inputs from the techniques. Military performance enhancements.
literature and from the instructors personal and Relativistic time dilations. Inverted navigation solutions.
professional experiences. 3. Navigation Solutions and Kalman Filtering
Techniques. Taylor series expansions. Numerical
iteration. Doppler shift solutions. Satellite selection
"The presenter was very energetic and truly algorithms. Kalman filtering algorithms.
passionate about the material" 4. Designing an Effective GPS Receiver.
Annotated block diagrams. Antenna design. Code
" Tom Logsdon is the best teacher I have ever tracking and carrier tracking loops. Software modules.
Commercial chipsets. Military receivers. Shuttle and
had. His knowledge is excellent. He is a 10!" space station receivers.
5. Military Applications. The worldwide common
"The instructor displayed awesome knowl- grid. Military test-range applications.Tactical and
edge of the GPS and space technology…very strategic applications. Autonomy and survivability
knowledgeable instructor. Spoke enhancements. Precision guided munitions. Smart
bombs and artillery projectiles.
clearly…Good teaching style. Encouraged
6. Integrated Navigation Systems. Mechanical and
questions and discussion." Strapdown implementations. Ring lasers and fiber-optic
gyros. Integrated navigation. Military applications. Key
"Mr. Logsdon did a bang-up job explaining features of the C-MIGITS integrated nav system.
and deriving the theories of special/general 7. Differential Navigation and Pseudosatellites.
relativity–and how they are associated with Special committee 104’s data exchange protocols.
Global data distribution. Wide-area differential
the GPS navigation solutions." navigation. Psuedosatellites. International Geosync
"I loved his one-page mathematical deriva- 8. Carrier-Aided Solutions. The interferometry
tions and the important points they illus- concept. Double differencing techniques. Attitude
trate." determination receivers. Navigation of the Topex and
NASA’s twin Grace satellites. Dynamic and Kinematic
orbit determination. Motorola’s Spaceborne Monarch
"Instructor was very knowledgeable and re- receiver. Relativistic time dilation derivations.
lated to his students very well–and with 9. The Navstar Satellites. Subsystem descriptions.
sparkling good humor!" On-orbit test results. The Block I, II, IIR, and IIF
satellites, Block III concepts. Orbital Perturbations and
modeling techniques. Stationkeeping maneuvers. Earth
"The lecturer was truly an expert in his field shadowing characteristic. The European Galileo, the
and delivered an entertaining and technically Chine Bridow/Compass, the Indian IRNSS, and the
well-balanced presentation." Japanese QZSS.
10. Russia’s Glonass Constellation. Performance
"Excellent instructor! Wonderful teaching comparisons between the GPS and Glonass. Orbital
mechanics considerations. Military survivability.
skills! This was honestly, the best class I Spacecraft subsystems. Russia’s SL-12 Proton booster.
have had since leaving the university." Building dual-capability GPS/Glonass receivers.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 45
Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging
March 8-10, 2011
$1690 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Taught by an internationally
recognized leader & expert
Summary in spectral remote sensing!
This three-day class is designed for engineers,
scientists and other remote sensing professionals who
wish to become familiar with multispectral and
hyperspectral remote sensing technology. Students in Course Outline
this course will learn the basic physics of spectroscopy, 1. Introduction to multispectral and
the types of spectral sensors currently used by hyperspectral remote sensing.
government and industry, and the types of data
processing used for various applications. Lectures will 2. Sensor types and characterization.
be enhanced by computer demonstrations. After taking Design tradeoffs. Data formats and systems.
this course, students should be able to communicate 3. Optical properties for remote sensing.
and work productively with other professionals in this Solar radiation. Atmospheric transmittance,
field. Each student will receive a complete set of notes
and the textbook, Remote Sensing: The Image Chain absorption and scattering.
Approach. 4. Sensor modeling and evaluation.
Spatial, spectral, and radiometric resolution.
5. Statistics for multivariate data analysis.
Instructor Scatterplots. Impact of sensor performance on
Dr. Richard B. Gomez over the years has served data characteristics.
as a physical scientist, director, and instructor in 6. Spectral data processing. Data
industry, government, and academia. In industry visualization and interpretation.
he has worked for Texas Instruments and the 7. Radiometric calibration. Partial calibration.
Analytic Services (ANSER), INC. In the Relative normalization.
government, he has served in the Civil Senior
Executive Service for the United States Army 8. Image registration. Resampling and its
Corps of Engineers. In academia, he has served effect on spectral analysis.
as Research Professor at George Mason 9. Data and sensor fusion. Spatial versus
University (GMU) and as Principal Research spectral algorithms.
Scientist at the Center for Earth Observing and 10. Classification of remote sensing data.
Space Research (CEOSR). In the 2010 spring Supervised and unsupervised classification.
semester at GMU he taught both undergraduate Parametric and nonparametric classifiers.
and graduate courses that involved the scientific Application examples.
and technology fields of hyperspectral imaging 11. Hyperspectral data analysis.
and high resolution remote sensing. Dr. Gomez
is internationally recognized as a leader and
expert in the field of spectral remote sensing What You Will Learn
(multispectral, hyperspectral and ultraspectral) • The limitations on passive optical remote
and has published extensively in scientific sensing.
journals. He has organized and chaired national • The properties of current sensors.
and international conferences, symposia and • Component modeling for sensor performance.
workshops. He earned his doctoral degree in
• How to calibrate remote sensors.
physics from New Mexico State University. He
also holds an M.S. and a B.S. in physics. Dr. • The types of data processing used for
Gomez has served as Director for the ASPRS applications such as spectral angle mapping,
Potomac Region and as Remote Sensing Chair multisensor fusion, and pixel mixture analysis.
for the IEEE-USA Committee on Transportation • How to evaluate the performance of different
and Aerospace Technology Policy. hyperspectral systems.
46 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
IP Networking Over Satellite
For Government, Military & Commercial Enterprises
Summary November 16-18, 2010
This three-day course is designed for satellite
engineers and managers in government and industry who Beltsville, Maryland
need to increase their understanding of the Internet and
how Internet Protocols (IP) can be used to transmit data
$1590 (8:30am - 5:00pm)
and voice over satellites. IP has become the worldwide "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
standard for data communications. Satellites extend the Off The Course Tuition."
reach of the Internet and Intranets. Satellites deliver
multicast content efficiently anywhere in the world. With
these benefits come challenges. Satellite delay and bit
errors can impact performance. Satellite links must be
integrated with terrestrial networks. Space segment is
expensive; there are routing and security issues. This Course Outline
course explains the techniques and architectures used to 1. Introduction.
mitigate these challenges. Quantitative techniques for 2. Fundamentals of Data Networking. Packet
understanding throughput and response time are switching, circuit switching, Seven Layer Model (ISO).
presented. System diagrams describe the Wide Area Networks including, ATM, Aloha, DVB. Local
satellite/terrestrial interface. The course notes provide an Area Networks, Ethernet. Physical communications layer.
up-to-date reference. An extensive bibliography is
supplied. 3. The Internet and its Protocols. The Internet
Protocol (IP). Addressing, Routing, Multicasting.
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). Impact of bit errors
Instructor and propagation delay on TCP-based applications. User
Burt H. Liebowitz is Principal Network Engineer at the Datagram Protocol (UDP). Introduction to higher level
MITRE Corporation, McLean, Virginia, specializing in the services. NAT and tunneling. Impact of IP Version 6.
analysis of wireless services. He has more 4. Quality of Service Issues in the Internet. QoS
than 30 years experience in computer factors for streams and files. Performance of voice and
networking, the last six of which have video over IP. Response time for web object retrievals
focused on Internet-over-satellite services. using HTTP. Methods for improving QoS: ATM, MPLS,
He was President of NetSat Express Inc., Differentiated services, RSVP. Priority processing and
a leading provider of such services. Before packet discard in routers. Caching and performance
that he was Chief Technical Officer for enhancement. Network Management and Security issues
Loral Orion (now Cyberstar), responsible for Internet-over- including the impact of encryption in a satellite network.
satellite access products. Mr. Liebowitz has authored two 5. Satellite Data Networking Architectures.
books on distributed processing and numerous articles on Geosynchronous satellites. The link budget, modulation
computing and communications systems. He has lectured and coding techniques, bandwidth efficiency. Ground
extensively on computer networking. He holds three station architectures for data networking: Point to Point,
patents for a satellite-based data networking system. Mr. Point to Multipoint. Shared outbound carriers
Liebowitz has B.E.E. and M.S. in Mathematics degrees incorporating Frame Relay, DVB. Return channels for
from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and an M.S.E.E. shared outbound systems: TDMA, CDMA, Aloha,
from Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn. DVB/RCS. Meshed networks for Intranets. Suppliers of
After taking this course you will understand how the DAMA systems.
Internet works and how to implement satellite-based 6. System Design and Economic Issues. Cost
networks that provide Internet access, multicast factors for Backbone Internet and Direct to the home
content delivery services, and mission-critical Internet services. Mission critical Intranet issues including
Intranet services to users around the world. asymmetric routing, reliable multicast, impact of user
mobility. A content delivery case history.
What You Will Learn 7. A TDMA/DAMA Design Example. Integrating voice
• How packet switching works and how it enables voice and and data requirements in a mission-critical Intranet. Cost
data networking. and bandwidth efficiency comparison of SCPC,
• The rules and protocols for packet switching in the Internet. standards-based TDMA/DAMA and proprietary
TDMA/DAMA approaches. Tradeoffs associated with
• How to use satellites as essential elements in mission
critical data networks.
VOIP approach and use of encryption.
• How to understand and overcome the impact of 8. Predicting Performance in Mission Critical
propagation delay and bit errors on throughput and Networks. Queuing theory helps predict response time.
response time in satellite-based IP networks. Single server and priority queues. A design case history,
• How to link satellite and terrestrial circuits to create hybrid using queuing theory to determine how much bandwidth is
IP networks. needed to meet response time goals in a voice and data
network. Use of simulation to predict performance.
• How to select the appropriate system architectures for
Internet access, enterprise and content delivery networks. 9. A View of the Future. Impact of Ka-band and spot
• How to design satellite-based networks to meet user beam satellites. Benefits and issues associated with
throughput and response time requirements. Onboard Processing. LEO, MEO, GEOs. Descriptions of
• The impact on cost and performance of new technology,
current and proposed commercial and military satellite
such as LEOs, Ka band, on-board processing, inter- systems. Low-cost ground station technology.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 47
Remote Sensing Information Extraction
March 15-17, 2011
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm) Course Outline
"Register 3 or More & Receive $100 each 00 1. Remote Sensing Introduction. Definitions,
Off The Course Tuition." resolutions, active-passive.
2. Platforms. Airborne, spaceborne,
advantages and limitations.
3. Energy Flow Profile. Energy sources,
atmospheric interactions, reflectance curves,
4. Aerial Photography. Photogrammetric
fundamentals of photo acquisition.
Summary 5. Film Types. Panchormatic, normal color,
This three-day short course workshop will review color infrared, panchromatic infrared.
remote sensing concepts and vocabulary including 6. Scale Determination. Point versus average
resolution, sensing platforms, electromagnetic scale. Methods of determination of scale.
spectrum and energy flow profile. The workshop will 7. Area and Height Measurements. Tools and
provide an overview of the current and near-term procedures including relative accuracies.
status of operational platforms and sensor systems.
The focus will be on methods to extract information 8. Feature Extraction. Tone, texture, shadow,
from these data sources. The spaceborne systems size, shape, association.
include the following; 1) high spatial resolution (< 5m) 9. Land Use and Land Cover. Examples,
systems, 2) medium spatial resolution (5-100m) classification systems definitions, minimum
multispectral, 3) low spatial resolution (>100m) mapping units, cartographic generalization.
multispectral, 4) radar, and 5) hyperspectral.
10. Source materials. Image processing
The two directional relationships between remote software, organizations, literature, reference
sensing and GIS will be examined. Procedures for materials.
geometric registration and issues of cartographic
generalization for creating GIS layers from remote 11. Spaceborne Remote Sensing. Basic
sensing information will also be discussed. terminology and orbit characteristics. Distinction
between research/experimental, national technical
assets, and operational systems.
Instructor 12. Multispectral Systems. Cameras, scanners
Dr. Barry Haack is a Professor of Geographic and linear arrays, spectral matching.
Cartographic Sciences at George Mason University.
He was a Research Engineer at ERIM and has held 13. Moderate Resolution MSS. Landsat,
fellowships with NASA Goddard, the US Air Force and SPOT, IRS, JERS.
the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. His primary professional 14. Coarse Resolution MSS. Meteorological
interest is basic and applied science using remote Systems, AVHRR, Vegetation Mapper.
sensing and he has over 100 professional publications 15. High Spatial Resolution. IKONOS,
and has been a recipient of a Leica-ERDAS award for EarthView, Orbview.
a research manuscript in Photogrammetric
Engineering and Remote Sensing. He has served as a 16. Radar. Basic concepts, RADARSAT,
consultant to the UN, FAO, World Bank, and various ALMAZ, SIR.
governmental agencies in Africa, Asia and South 17. Hyperspectral. AVIRIS, MODIS, Hyperion.
America. He has provided workshops to USDA, US 18. GIS-Remote Sensing Integration. Two
intelligence agencies, US Census, and ASPRS. directional relationships between remote sensing
Recently he was a Visiting Fulbright Professor at the
and GIS. Data structures.
University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and has
current projects in Nepal with support from the National 19. Geometric Rectification. Procedures to
Geographic Society. rectify remote sensing imagery.
20. Digital Image Processing. Preprocessing,
image enhancements, automated digital
What You Will Learn classification.
• Operational parameters of current sensors. 21. Accuracy Assessments. Contingency
• Visual and digital information extraction procedures. matrix, Kappa coefficient, sample size and
• Photogrammetric rectification procedures. selection.
• Integration of GIS and remote sensing. 22. Multiscale techniques. Ratio estimators,
• Accuracy assessments. double and nested sampling, area frame
• Availability and costs of remote sensing data. procedures.
48 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
An Essential Introduction
December 14-16, 2010
Testimonial: Beltsville, Maryland
…I truly enjoyed
your course and
January 31-February 2, 2011
hearing of your Laurel, Maryland
adventures in the
Satellite business. March 8-10, 2011
You have a definite Beltsville, Maryland
gift in teaching style
and explanations.” $1690 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Summary Off The Course Tuition."
This introductory course has recently been expanded to
three days by popular demand. It has been taught to
thousands of industry professionals for more than two Course Outline
decades, to rave reviews. The course is intended primarily for 1. Satellites and Telecommunication. Introduction
non-technical people who must understand the entire field of and historical background. Legal and regulatory
commercial satellite communications, and who must environment of satellite telecommunications: industry
understand and communicate with engineers and other issues; standards and protocols; regulatory bodies;
technical personnel. The secondary audience is technical satellite services and applications; steps to licensing a
personnel moving into the industry who need a quick and system. Telecommunications users, applications, and
thorough overview of what is going on in the industry, and who markets: fixed services, broadcast services, mobile
need an example of how to communicate with less technical services, navigation services.
individuals. The course is a primer to the concepts, jargon,
2. Communications Fundamentals. Basic definitions
buzzwords, and acronyms of the industry, plus an overview of
and measurements: decibels. The spectrum and its uses:
commercial satellite communications hardware, operations,
properties of waves; frequency bands; bandwidth. Analog
and business environment.
and digital signals. Carrying information on waves: coding,
Concepts are explained at a basic level, minimizing the modulation, multiplexing, networks and protocols. Signal
use of math, and providing real-world examples. Several quality, quantity, and noise: measures of signal quality;
calculations of important concepts such as link budgets are noise; limits to capacity; advantages of digital.
presented for illustrative purposes, but the details need not be
understood in depth to gain an understanding of the concepts
3. The Space Segment. The space environment:
illustrated. The first section provides non-technical people
gravity, radiation, solid material. Orbits: types of orbits;
with the technical background necessary to understand the
geostationary orbits; non-geostationary orbits. Orbital
space and earth segments of the industry, culminating with
slots, frequencies, footprints, and coverage: slots; satellite
the importance of the link budget. The concluding section of
spacing; eclipses; sun interference. Out to launch:
the course provides an overview of the business issues,
launcher’s job; launch vehicles; the launch campaign;
including major operators, regulation and legal issues, and
launch bases. Satellite systems and construction:
issues and trends affecting the industry. Attendees receive a
structure and busses; antennas; power; thermal control;
copy of the instructor's new textbook, Satellite
stationkeeping and orientation; telemetry and command.
Communications for the Non-Specialist, and will have time to
Satellite operations: housekeeping and communications.
discuss issues pertinent to their interests. 4. The Ground Segment. Earth stations: types,
hardware, and pointing. Antenna properties: gain;
directionality; limits on sidelobe gain. Space loss,
Instructor electronics, EIRP, and G/T: LNA-B-C’s; signal flow through
Dr. Mark R. Chartrand is a consultant and lecturer in satellite an earth station.
telecommunications and the space sciences. 5. The Satellite Earth Link. Atmospheric effects on
For a more than twenty-five years he has signals: rain; rain climate models; rain fade margins. Link
presented professional seminars on satellite budgets: C/N and Eb/No. Multiple access: SDMA, FDMA,
technology and on telecommunications to TDMA, CDMA; demand assignment; on-board
satisfied individuals and businesses multiplexing.
throughout the United States, Canada, Latin 6. Satellite Communications Systems. Satellite
America, Europe and Asia. communications providers: satellite competitiveness;
Dr. Chartrand has served as a technical competitors; basic economics; satellite systems and
and/or business consultant to NASA, Arianespace, GTE operators; using satellite systems. Issues, trends, and the
Spacenet, Intelsat, Antares Satellite Corp., Moffett-Larson- future.
Johnson, Arianespace, Delmarva Power, Hewlett-Packard,
and the International Communications Satellite Society of
Japan, among others. He has appeared as an invited expert What You Will Learn
witness before Congressional subcommittees and was an • How do commercial satellites fit into the
invited witness before the National Commission on Space. He telecommunications industry?
was the founding editor and the Editor-in-Chief of the annual • How are satellites planned, built, launched, and operated?
The World Satellite Systems Guide, and later the publication • How do earth stations function?
Strategic Directions in Satellite Communication. He is author
of six books and hundreds of articles in the space sciences. • What is a link budget and why is it important?
He has been chairman of several international satellite • What legal and regulatory restrictions affect the industry?
conferences, and a speaker at many others. • What are the issues and trends driving the industry?
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 49
Satellite Communication Systems Engineering
A comprehensive, quantitative tutorial designed for satellite professionals
December 7-9, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland 1. Mission Analysis. Kepler’s laws. Circular and
elliptical satellite orbits. Altitude regimes. Period of
March 15-17, 2011 revolution. Geostationary Orbit. Orbital elements. Ground
Boulder, Colorado trace.
2. Earth-Satellite Geometry. Azimuth and elevation.
$1740 (8:30am - 4:30pm) Slant range. Coverage area.
3. Signals and Spectra. Properties of a sinusoidal
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each wave. Synthesis and analysis of an arbitrary waveform.
Off The Course Tuition." Fourier Principle. Harmonics. Fourier series and Fourier
transform. Frequency spectrum.
4. Methods of Modulation. Overview of modulation.
Carrier. Sidebands. Analog and digital modulation. Need
for RF frequencies.
5. Analog Modulation. Amplitude Modulation (AM).
Instructor Frequency Modulation (FM).
6. Digital Modulation. Analog to digital conversion.
Dr. Robert A. Nelson is president of Satellite BPSK, QPSK, 8PSK FSK, QAM. Coherent detection and
Engineering Research Corporation, a carrier recovery. NRZ and RZ pulse shapes. Power spectral
consulting firm in Bethesda, Maryland, density. ISI. Nyquist pulse shaping. Raised cosine filtering.
with clients in both commercial industry 7. Bit Error Rate. Performance objectives. Eb/No.
and government. Dr. Nelson holds the Relationship between BER and Eb/No. Constellation
degree of Ph.D. in physics from the diagrams. Why do BPSK and QPSK require the same
University of Maryland and is a licensed power?
Professional Engineer. He is coauthor of 8. Coding. Shannon’s theorem. Code rate. Coding gain.
the textbook Satellite Communication Systems Methods of FEC coding. Hamming, BCH, and Reed-
Engineering, 2nd ed. (Prentice Hall, 1993). He is a Solomon block codes. Convolutional codes. Viterbi and
sequential decoding. Hard and soft decisions.
member of IEEE, AIAA, APS, AAPT, AAS, IAU, and Concatenated coding. Turbo coding. Trellis coding.
9. Bandwidth. Equivalent (noise) bandwidth. Occupied
bandwidth. Allocated bandwidth. Relationship between
bandwidth and data rate. Dependence of bandwidth on
Additional Materials methods of modulation and coding. Tradeoff between
In addition to the course notes, each participant will bandwidth and power. Emerging trends for bandwidth
receive a book of collected tutorial articles written by efficient modulation.
the instructor and soft copies of the link budgets 10. The Electromagnetic Spectrum. Frequency bands
used for satellite communication. ITU regulations. Fixed
discussed in the course. Satellite Service. Direct Broadcast Service. Digital Audio
Radio Service. Mobile Satellite Service.
11. Earth Stations. Facility layout. RF components.
Testimonials Network Operations Center. Data displays.
“Instructor truly knows material. The 12. Antennas. Antenna patterns. Gain. Half power
1hour sessions are brilliant.” beamwidth. Efficiency. Sidelobes.
13. System Temperature. Antenna temperature. LNA.
“Exceptional knowledge. Very effective Noise figure. Total system noise temperature.
presentation.” 14. Satellite Transponders. Satellite communications
payload architecture. Frequency plan. Transponder gain.
TWTA and SSPA. Amplifier characteristics. Nonlinearity.
“Great handouts. Great presentation. Great Intermodulation products. SFD. Backoff.
real-life course note examples and cd. The 15. Multiple Access Techniques. Frequency division
instructor made good use of student’s multiple access (FDMA). Time division multiple access
experiences.” (TDMA). Code division multiple access (CDMA) or spread
spectrum. Capacity estimates.
“Very well prepared and presented. The 16. Polarization. Linear and circular polarization.
instructor has an excellent grasp of Misalignment angle.
material and articulates it well” 17. Rain Loss. Rain attenuation. Crane rain model.
Effect on G/T.
“Outstanding at explaining and defining 18. The RF Link. Decibel (dB) notation. Equivalent
quantifiably the theory underlying the isotropic radiated power (EIRP). Figure of Merit (G/T). Free
space loss. WhyPower flux density. Carrier to noise ratio.
concepts.” The RF link equation.
19. Link Budgets. Communications link calculations.
“Very well organized. Excellent reference Uplink, downlink, and composite performance. Link
equations and theory. Good examples.” budgets for single carrier and multiple carrier operation.
Detailed worked examples.
“Good broad general coverage of a 20. Performance Measurements. Satellite modem.
complex subject.” Use of a spectrum analyzer to measure bandwidth, C/N,
and Eb/No. Comparison of actual measurements with
theory using a mobile antenna and a geostationary satellite.
50 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Satellite Design & Technology
Cost-Effective Design for Today's Missions
October 25-28, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland Course Outline
1. Space Systems Engineering. Elements of space
April 25-28, 2011 systems engineering. Setting the objective. Establishing
requirements. System "drivers." Mission analysis and
Beltsville, Maryland design. Budgeted items. Margins. Project phases. Design
$1790 (8:30am - 4:30pm) 2. Designing for the Space Environment. Vacuum
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each and drag. Microgravity. Temperature and thermal
Off The Course Tuition." gradients. Magnetic field. Ultraviolet. Solar pressure.
Ionizing radiation. Spacecraft charging. Space debris.
Pre-launch and launch environments.
3. Orbits and Astrodynamics. Review of spacecraft
This 3-1/2 day course covers all the important
orbital mechanics. Coordinate systems. Orbital elements.
technologies needed to develop lower cost space Selecting an orbit. Orbital transfer. Specialized orbits.
systems. Renewed emphasis on cost effective missions Orbit perturbations. Interplanetary missions.
requires up-to-date knowledge of satellite technology and
an in-depth understanding of the systems engineering 4. On-Orbit Propulsion and Launch Systems.
Mathematical formulation of rocket equations. Spacecraft
issues. Together, these give satellite engineers and
onboard propulsion systems. Station keeping and attitude
managers options in selecting lower cost approaches to control. Satellite launch options.
building reliable spacecraft. In addition to covering the
traditional flight hardware disciplines, attention is given to 5. Attitude Determination and Control. Spacecraft
integration and testing, software, and R&QA. attitude dynamics. Attitude torque modeling. Attitude
sensors and actuators. Passive and active attitude control.
The emphasis is on the enabling technology Attitude estimators and controllers. New applications,
developments, including new space launch options that methods, HW.
permit doing more with less in space today. Case studies
6. Spacecraft Power Systems. Power source options.
and examples drawn from modern satellite missions Energy storage, control, and distribution. Power
pinpoint the key issues and tradeoffs in modern design converters. Designing the small satellite power system.
and illustrate lessons learned from past successes and
failures. Technical specialists will also find the broad 7. Spacecraft Thermal Control. Heat transfer
fundamentals for spacecraft.Modern thermal materials.
perspective and system engineering viewpoint useful in
Active vs. passive thermal control. The thermal design
communicating with other specialists to analyze design procedure.
options and tradeoffs. The course notes provide an
authoritative reference that focuses on proven techniques 8. Spacecraft Configuration and Structure.
and guidelines for understanding, designing, and Structural design requirements and interfaces.
Requirements for launch, staging, spin stabilization.
managing modern satellite systems.
Design, analysis, and test. Modern structural materials
and design concepts. Margins of safety. Structural
Instructors dynamics and testing.
Eric Hoffman has 40 years of space experience including 19 9. Spacecraft RF Communications. RF signal
years as Chief Engineer of the Johns Hopkins Applied transmission. Antennas. One-way range equation.
Physics Laboratory Space Department, Properties and peculiarities of the space channel.
which has designed and built 64 spacecraft. Modulating the RF. Dealing with noise. Link margin. Error
He joined APL in 1964, designing high correction. RF link design.
reliability spacecraft command, 10. Spacecraft Command and Telemetry. Command
communications, and navigation systems and receivers, decoders, and processors. Command
holds several patents in this field. He has led messages. Synchronization, error detection and
many of APL's system and spacecraft correction. Encryption and authentication. Telemetry
conceptual designs. Fellow of the British systems. Sensors, signal conditioning, and A/D
Interplanetary Society, Associate Fellow of the AIAA, and conversion. Frame formatting. Packetization. Data
coauthor of Fundamentals of Space Systems. compression.
Dr. Jerry Krassner has been involved in aerospace R&D for
11. Spacecraft On-board Computing. Central
over 30 years. Over this time, he has
processing units for space. Memory types. Mass storage.
participated in or led a variety of activities with
Processor input/output. Spacecraft buses. Fault tolerance
primary technical focus on sensor systems
and redundancy. Radiation hardness, upset, and latchup.
R&D, and business focus on new concept
Hardware/software tradeoffs. Software development and
development and marketing. He has
authored over 60 research papers, served on
advisory panels for DARPA and the Navy, and 12. Reliability and Quality Assurance. Hi-rel
was a member of the US Air Force Scientific principles: lessons learned. Designing for reliability. Using
Advisory Board (for which he was awarded the USAF Civilian redundancy effectively. Margins and derating. Parts
Exemplary Service Award). Jerry was a founding member, quality and process control. Configuration management.
and past Chairman, of the MASINT Association. Currently, he Quality assurance, inspection, and test. ISO 9000.
is a consultant to a National Security organization, and acting 13. Integration and Test. Planning for I&T. Ground
chief scientist for an office in OSD, responsible for support systems. I&T facilities. Verification matrix. Test
identification and assessment of new enabling technologies. plans and other important documents. Testing
Jerry has a PhD in Physics and Astronomy from the University subsystems. Spacecraft level testing. Launch site
of Rochester. operations. Which tests are worthwhile, which aren’t?
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 51
Satellite Laser Communications
February 8-10, 2011
$1590 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Summary Course Outline
This three-day course will provideThis course will provide
an introduction and overview of laser communication 1. Introduction. Brief historical background,
principles and technologies for unguided, free-space beam RF/Optical comparison; basic Block diagrams; and
propagation. Special emphasis is placed on highlighting the applications overview.
differences, as well as similarities to RF communications and
other laser systems, and design issues and options relevant 2. Link Analysis. Parameters influencing the link;
to future laser communication terminals. frequency dependence of noise; link performance
comparison to RF; and beam profiles.
Instructor 3. Laser Transmitter. Laser sources; semiconductor
Hamid Hemmati, Ph.D. , is with the Jet propulsion laboratory lasers; fiber amplifiers; amplitude modulation; phase
(JPL), California Institute of Technology modulation; noise figure; nonlinear effects; and coherent
where he is a Principal member of staff and transmitters.
the Supervisor of the Optical 4. Modulation & Error Correction Encoding. PPM;
Communications Group. Prior to joining JPL OOK and binary codes; and forward error correction.
in 1986, he worked at NASA’s Goddard
5. Acquisition, Tracking and Pointing.
Space Flight Center and at the NIST
(Boulder, CO) as a researcher. Dr. Hemmati Requirements; acquisition scenarios; acquisition; point-
has published over 40 journal and over 100 ahead angles, pointing error budget; host platform vibration
conference papers, holds seven patents, received 3 NASA environment; inertial stabilization: trackers; passive/active
Space Act Board Awards, and 36 NASA certificates of isolation; gimbaled transceiver; and fast steering mirrors.
appreciation. He is a Fellow of SPIE and teaches optical 6. Opto-Mechanical Assembly. Transmit telescope;
communications courses at CSULA and the UCLA receive telescope; shared transmit/receive telescope;
Extension. He is the editor and author of two books: “Deep thermo-Optical-Mechanical stability.
Space Optical Communications” and “near-Earth Laser 7. Atmospheric Effects. Attenuation, beam wander;
Communications”. Dr. Hemmati’s current research interests
turbulence/scintillation; signal fades; beam spread; turbid;
are in developing laser-communications technologies and
and mitigation techniques.
systems for planetary and satellite communications,
including: systems engineering for electro-optical systems, 8. Detectors and Detections. Discussion of available
solid-state laser, particularly pulsed fiber lasers, flight photo-detectors noise figure; amplification; background
qualification of optical and electro-optical systems and radiation/ filtering; and mitigation techniques. Poisson
components; low-cost multi-meter diameter optical ground photon counting; channel capacity; modulation schemes;
receiver telescope; active and adaptive optics; and laser detection statistics; and SNR / Bit error probability.
beam acquisition, tracking and pointing. Advantages / complexities of coherent detection; optical
mixing; SNR, heterodyne and homodyne; laser linewidth.
What You Will Learn 9. Crosslinks and Networking. LEO-GEO & GEO-
• This course will provide you the knowledge and ability to GEO; orbital clusters; and future/advanced.
perform basic satellite laser communication analysis, 10. Flight Qualification. Radiation environment;
identify tradeoffs, interact meaningfully with colleagues,
evaluate systems, and understand the literature. environmental testing; and test procedure.
• How is a laser-communication system superior to 11. Eye Safety. Regulations; classifications; wavelength
conventional technology? dependence, and CDRH notices.
• How link performance is analyzed. 12. Cost Estimation. Methodology, models; and
• What are the options for acquisition, tracking and beam examples.
• What are the options for laser transmitters, receivers 13. Terrestrial Optical Comm. Communications
and optical systems. systems developed for terrestrial links.
• What are the atmospheric effects on the beam and how
to counter them. Who should attend
• What are the typical characteristics of laser-
communication system hardware? Engineers, scientists, managers, or professionals who
desire greater technical depth, or RF communication
• How to calculate mass, power and cost of flight systems.
engineers who need to assess this competing technology.
52 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Satellite RF Communications and Onboard Processing
Effective Design for Today’s Spacecraft Systems
April 12-14, 2011
$1590 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Summary Course Outline
Successful systems engineering requires a broad
understanding of the important principles of modern 1. RF Signal Transmission. Propagation of radio
satellite communications and onboard data processing. waves, antenna properties and types, one-way radar
This course covers both theory and practice, with range equation. Peculiarities of the space channel.
emphasis on the important system engineering principles, Special communications orbits. Modulation of RF
tradeoffs, and rules of thumb. The latest technologies are carriers.
covered, including those needed for constellations of 2. Noise and Link Budgets. Sources of noise,
satellites. effects of noise on communications, system noise
This course is recommended for engineers and temperature. Signal-to-noise ratio, bit error rate, link
scientists interested in acquiring an understanding of margin. Communications link design example.
satellite communications, command and telemetry, 3. Special Topics. Optical communications, error
onboard computing, and tracking. Each participant will correcting codes, encryption and authentication. Low-
receive a complete set of notes. probability-of-intercept communications. Spread-
spectrum and anti-jam techniques.
Instructors 4. Command Systems. Command receivers,
Eric J. Hoffman has degrees in electrical engineering and decoders, and processors. Synchronization words,
over 40 years of spacecraft experience. He error detection and correction. Command types,
has designed spaceborne communications command validation and authentication, delayed
and navigation equipment and performed commands. Uploading software.
systems engineering on many APL satellites 5. Telemetry Systems. Sensors and signal
and communications systems. He has conditioning, signal selection and data sampling,
authored over 60 papers and holds 8 patents analog-to-digital conversion. Frame formatting,
in these fields and served as APL’s Space commutation, data storage, data compression.
Dept Chief Engineer. Packetizing. Implementing spacecraft autonomy.
Robert C. Moore worked in the Electronic Systems Group at 6. Data Processor Systems. Central processing
the APL Space Department from 1965 until
units, memory types, mass storage, input/output
his retirement in 2007. He designed
embedded microprocessor systems for space
techniques. Fault tolerance and redundancy,
applications. Mr. Moore holds four U.S. radiation hardness, single event upsets, CMOS latch-
patents. He teaches the command-telemetry- up. Memory error detection and correction. Reliability
data processing segment of "Space Systems" and cross-strapping. Very large scale integration.
at the Johns Hopkins University Whiting Choosing between RISC and CISC.
School of Engineering. 7. Reliable Software Design. Specifying the
Satellite RF Communications & Onboard Processing requirements. Levels of criticality. Design reviews and
will give you a thorough understanding of the important code walkthroughs. Fault protection and autonomy.
principles and modern technologies behind today's Testing and IV&V. When is testing finished?
satellite communications and onboard computing Configuration management, documentation. Rules of
systems. thumb for schedule and manpower.
8. Spacecraft Tracking. Orbital elements.
What You Will Learn Tracking by ranging, laser tracking. Tracking by range
• The important systems engineering principles and latest
rate, tracking by line-of-site observation. Autonomous
technologies for spacecraft communications and onboard satellite navigation.
computing. 9. Typical Ground Network Operations. Central
• The design drivers for today’s command, telemetry, and remote tracking sites, equipment complements,
communications, and processor systems. command data flow, telemetry data flow. NASA Deep
• How to design an RF link. Space Network, NASA Tracking and Data Relay
• How to deal with noise, radiation, bit errors, and spoofing. Satellite System (TDRSS), and commercial
• Keys to developing hi-rel, realtime, embedded software. operations.
• How spacecraft are tracked. 10. Constellations of Satellites. Optical and RF
• Working with government and commercial ground stations. crosslinks. Command and control issues. Timing and
• Command and control for satellite constellations. tracking. Iridium and other system examples.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 53
Space-Based Laser Systems
March 23-24, 2011 Course Outline
Beltsville, Maryland 1. Introduction to Laser Radar Systems.
Definitions Remote sensing and altimetry,
$1040 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
Space object identification and tracking.
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each 2. Review of Basic Theory. How Laser
Off The Course Tuition."
Radar Systems Function.
3. Direct-detection systems. Coherent-
detection systems, Altimetry application, Radar
(tracking) application, Target identification
This two-day short course reviews the underlying 4. Laser Radar Design Approach.
technology areas used to construct and operate Constraints, Spacecraft resources, Cost
space-based laser altimeters and laser radar drivers, Proven technologies, Matching
systems. The course presents background instrument with application.
information to allow an appreciation for designing 5. System Performance Evaluation.
and evaluating space-based laser radars. Development of laser radar performance
Fundamental descriptions are given for direct- equations, Review of secondary
detection and coherent-detection laser radar considerations, Speckle, Glint, Trade-off
systems, and, details associated with space
applications are presented. System requirements
studies, Aperture vs. power, Coherent vs.
are developed and methodology of system incoherent detection, Spacecraft pointing vs.
component selection is given. Performance beam steering optics.
evaluation criteria are developed based on system 6. Laser Radar Functional
requirements. Design considerations for space- Implementation. Component descriptions,
based laser radars are discussed and case studies System implementations.
describing previous and current space
instrumentation are presented. In particular, the 7. Case Studies. Altimeters, Apollo 17,
development, test, and operation of the NEAR Clementine, Detailed study of the NEAR laser
Laser Radar is discussed in detailed to illustrate altimeter design & implementation, selection of
design decisions. system components for high-rel requirements,
Emerging technologies pushing next-generation testing of space-based laser systems, nuances
laser altimeters are discussed, the use of lasers in associated with operating space-based lasers,
BMD and TMD architectures are summarized, and Mars Global Surveyor, Radars, LOWKATR
additional topics addressing laser radar target (BMD midcourse sensing), FIREPOND (BMD
identification and tracking aspects are provided. target ID), TMD/BMD Laser Systems, COIL: A
Fundamentals associated with lasers and optics are TMD Airborne Laser System (TMD target lethal
not covered in this course, a generalized level of interception).
understanding is assumed.
8. Emerging Developments and Future
Trends. PN coding, Laser vibrometry, Signal
Instructor processing hardware Implementation issues.
Timothy D. Cole is a leading authority with 33
years of experience exclusively working in electro-
optical systems as a systems and Who should attend:
design engineer. Mr. Cole is the Chief Engineers, scientists, and technical managers
Scientist within the Special interested in obtaining a fundamental knowledge of
Operations Department of Northrop the technologies and system engineering aspects
Grumman (TASC). He has presented underlying laser radar systems. The course presents
several technical papers addressing mathematical equations (e.g., link budget) and
space-based laser altimetry all over the US and design rules (e.g., bi-static, mono-static, coherent,
Europe. His industry experience has been focused direct detection configurations), survey and
on the systems engineering and analysis associated discussion of key technologies employed (laser
development of optical detectors, exoatmospheric transmitters, receiver optics and transducer, post-
sensor design and calibration, and the design, detection signal processing), performance
fabrication and operation of the Near-Earth Asteroid measurement and examples, and an overview of
Rendezvous (NEAR) Laser Radar. He has recently special topics (e.g., space qualification and
designed and fabricated remote sensors based operation, scintillation effects, signal processing
upon micro-laser radars and coherent lasers for the implementations) to allow appreciation towards the
military and various Intel organizations. design and operation of laser radars in space.
54 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Summary March 7-11, 2011
Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is the most versatile
remote sensor. It is an all-weather sensor that can
penetrate cloud cover and operate day or night from
space-based or airborne systems. This 4.5-day course
$1990 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
provides a survey of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) Last Day 8:30am - 12:30pm
applications and how they influence and are constrained 3 top experts in 1 week!
by instrument, platform (satellite) and image signal
processing and extraction technologies/design. The "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
course will introduce advanced systems design and Off The Course Tuition."
associated signal processing concepts and
implementation details. The course covers the
fundamental concepts and principles for SAR, the key Course Outline
design parameters and system features, space-based
systems used for collecting SAR data, signal processing 1. Radar Basics. Nature of EM waves, Vector
techniques, and many applications of SAR data. representation of waves, Scattering and Propagation.
2. Tools and Conventions. Radar sensitivity and
3. Subsystems and Critical Radar Components.
Bob Hill received his BS degree in 1957 (Iowa State Transmitter, Antenna, Receiver and Signal Processor,
University) and the MS in 1967 (University of Maryland), Control and Interface Apparatus, Comparison to
both in electrical engineering. He managed the Commsats.
development of the phased array radar of the Navy’s 4. Fundamentals of Aperture Synthesis.
AEGIS system from the early 1960s through its Motivation for SAR, SAR image formation.
introduction to the fleet in 1975. Later in his career he
directed the development, acquisition and support of all 5. Fourier Imaging. Bragg resonance condition,
surveillance radars of the surface navy. Mr. Hill is a Fellow Born approximation.
of the IEEE, an IEEE “distinguished lecturer” and a 6. Signal Processing. Pulse compression: range
member of its Radar Systems Panel. resolution and signal bandwidth, Overview of Strip-
Bart Huxtable has a Ph.D. in Physics from the Map Algorithms including Range-Doppler algorithm,
California Institute of Technology, and a B.Sc. degree in Range migration algorithm, Chirp scaling algorithm,
Physics and Math from the University of Delaware. Dr. Overview of Spotlight Algorithms including Polar format
Huxtable is President of User Systems, Inc. He has over
algorithm, Motion Compensation, Autofocusing using
the Map-Drift and PGA algorithms.
twenty years experience in signal processing and
numerical algorithm design and implementation 7. Radar Phenomenology and Image
emphasizing application-specific data processing and Interpretation. Radar and target interaction including
analysis for remote sensor systems including radars, radar cross-section, attenuation & penetration
sonars, and lidars. He integrates his broad experience in (atmosphere, foliage), and frequency dependence,
physics, mathematics, numerical algorithms, and Imagery examples.
statistical detection and estimation theory to develop 8. Visual Presentation of SAR Imagery. Non-
processing algorithms and performance simulations for linear remapping, Apodization, Super resolution,
many of the modern remote sensing applications using Speckle reduction (Multi-look).
radars, sonars, and lidars. 9. Interferometry. Topographic mapping,
Dr. Keith Raney has a Ph.D. in Computer, Information Differential topography (crustal deformation &
and Control Engineering from the University of Michigan, subsidence), Change detection.
an M.S. in Electrical Engineering from Purdue University, 10. Polarimetry. Terrain classification, Scatterer
and a B.S. degree from Harvard University. He works for characterization.
the Space Department of the Johns Hopkins University 11. Miscellaneous SAR Applications. Mapping,
Applied Physics Laboratory, with responsibilities for earth Forestry, Oceanographic, etc.
observation systems development, and radar system
analysis. He holds United States and international patents
12. Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI).
Theory and Applications.
on the Delay/Doppler Radar Altimeter. He was on NASA’s
Europa Orbiter Radar Sounder instrument design team, 13. Image Quality Parameters. Peak-to-sidelobe
and on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter instrument ratio, Integrated sidelobe ratio, Multiplicative noise ratio
definition team. Dr. Raney has an extensive background in and major contributors.
imaging radar theory, and in interdisciplinary applications 14. Radar Equation for SAR. Key radar equation
using sensing systems. parameters, Signal-to-Noise ratio, Clutter-to-Noise
ratio, Noise equivalent backscatter, Electronic counter
What You Will Learn measures and electronic counter counter measures.
• Basic concepts and principles of SAR and its 15. Ambiguity Constraints for SAR. Range
applications. ambiguities, Azimuth ambiguities, Minimum antenna
• What are the key system parameters. area, Maximum area coverage rate, ScanSAR.
• How is performance calculated. 16. SAR Specification. System specification
• Design implementation and tradeoffs. overview, Design drivers.
• How to design and build high performance signal 17. Orbit Selection. LEO, MEO, GEO, Access
processors. area, Formation flying (e.g., cartwheel).
• Current state-of-the-art systems.
18. Example SAR Systems. History, Airborne,
• SAR image interpretation. Space-Based, Future.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 55
Space Environment –
Implications for Spacecraft Design
Adverse interactions between the space environment
and an orbiting spacecraft may lead to a degradation of
spacecraft subsystem performance and possibly even
loss of the spacecraft itself. This course presents an
introduction to the space environment and its effect on
spacecraft. Emphasis is placed on problem solving
techniques and design guidelines that will provide the
student with an understanding of how space environment
effects may be minimized through proactive spacecraft
Each student will receive a copy of the course text, a
complete set of course notes, including copies of all
viewgraphs used in the presentation, and a
Dr. Alan C. Tribble has provided space environments effects
analysis to more than one dozen NASA, DoD,
February 1-2, 2011
and commercial programs, including the Beltsville, Maryland
International Space Station, the Global
Positioning System (GPS) satellites, and $1095 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
several surveillance spacecraft. He holds a
Ph.D. in Physics from the University of Iowa "Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
and has been twice a Principal Investigator Off The Course Tuition."
for the NASA Space Environments and
Effects Program. He is the author of four books, including the Course Outline
course text: The Space Environment - Implications for Space
Design, and over 20 additional technical publications. He is an 1. Introduction. Spacecraft Subsystem Design,
Associate Fellow of the AIAA, a Senior Member of the IEEE, Orbital Mechanics, The Solar-Planetary Relationship,
and was previously an Associate Editor of the Journal of Space Weather.
Spacecraft and Rockets. Dr. Tribble recently won the 2008 2. The Vacuum Environment. Basic Description –
AIAA James A. Van Allen Space Environments Award. He has Pressure vs. Altitude, Solar UV Radiation.
taught a variety of classes at the University of Southern
California, California State University Long Beach, the 3. Vacuum Environment Effects. Solar UV
University of Iowa, and has been teaching courses on space Degradation, Molecular Contamination, Particulate
environments and effects since 1992. Contamination.
4. The Neutral Environment. Basic Atmospheric
Physics, Elementary Kinetic Theory, Hydrostatic
Who Should Attend: Equilibrium, Neutral Atmospheric Models.
Engineers who need to know how to design systems with
adequate performance margins, program managers who
5. Neutral Environment Effects. Aerodynamic Drag,
oversee spacecraft survivability tasks, and scientists who Sputtering, Atomic Oxygen Attack, Spacecraft Glow.
need to understand how environmental interactions can affect 6. The Plasma Environment. Basic Plasma Physics -
instrument performance. Single Particle Motion, Debye Shielding, Plasma
Review of the Course Text: 7. Plasma Environment Effects. Spacecraft
“There is, to my knowledge, no other book that provides its Charging, Arc Discharging.
intended readership with an comprehensive and authoritative, 8. The Radiation Environment. Basic Radiation
yet compact and accessible, coverage of the subject of Physics, Stopping Charged Particles, Stopping Energetic
spacecraft environmental engineering.” – James A. Van Allen, Photons, Stopping Neutrons.
Regent Distinguished Professor, University of Iowa.
9. Radiation in Space. Trapped Radiation Belts, Solar
Proton Events, Galactic Cosmic Rays, Hostile
“I got exactly what I wanted from this Environments.
course – an overview of the spacecraft en- 10. Radiation Environment Effects. Total Dose
vironment. The charts outlining the inter- Effects - Solar Cell Degradation, Electronics Degradation;
actions and synergism were excellent. The Single Event Effects - Upset, Latchup, Burnout; Dose Rate
list of references is extensive and will be Effects.
consulted often.” 11. The Micrometeoroid and Orbital Debris
Environment. Hypervelocity Impact Physics,
Micrometeoroids, Orbital Debris.
“Broad experience over many design
12. Additional Topics. Design Examples - The Long
teams allowed for excellent examples of Duration Exposure Facility; Effects on Humans; Models
applications of this information.” and Tools; Available Internet Resources.
56 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Space Mission Analysis and Design
October 19-21, 2010
NEW! Beltsville, Maryland
$1690 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
Summary Course Outline
This three-day class is intended for both 1. The Space Missions Analysis and Design
students and professionals in astronautics and Process
space science. It is appropriate for engineers,
scientists, and managers trying to obtain the best 2. Mission Characterization
mission possible within a limited budget and for 3. Mission Evaluation
students working on advanced design projects or 4. Requirements Definition
just beginning in space systems engineering. It is
the indispensable traveling companion for 5. Space Mission Geometry
seasoned veterans or those just beginning to 6. Introduction to Astro-dynamics
explore the highways and by-ways of space 7. Orbit and Constellation Design
mission engineering. Each student will be 8. The Space Environment and Survivability
provided with a copy of Space Mission Analysis
and Design [Third Edition], for his or her own 9. Space Payload Design and Sizing
professional reference library. 10. Spacecraft Design and Sizing
11. Spacecraft Subsystems
Instructor 12. Space Manufacture and Test
Edward L. Keith is a multi-discipline Launch 13. Communications Architecture
Vehicle System Engineer, specializing 14. Mission Operations
in the integration of launch vehicle
technology, design, and business 15. Ground System Design and Sizing
strategies. He is currently conducting 16. Spacecraft Computer Systems
business case strategic analysis, risk
17. Space Propulsion Systems
reduction and modeling for the Boeing
Space Launch Initiative Reusable Launch Vehicle 18. Launch Systems
team. For the past five years, Ed has supported the 19. Space Manufacturing and Reliability
technical and business case efforts at Boeing to
20. Cost Modeling
advance the state-of-the-art for reusable launch
vehicles. Mr. Keith has designed complete rocket 21. Limits on Mission Design
engines, rocket vehicles, small propulsion systems, 22. Design of Low-Cost Spacecraft
and composite propellant tank systems, especially
23. Applying Space Mission Analysis and
designed for low cost, as a propulsion and launch
vehicle engineer. His travels have taken him to Design
Russia, China, Australia and many other launch
operation centers throughout the world. Mr. Keith
has worked as a Systems Engineer for Rockwell What You Will Learn
International, on the Brillant Eyes Satellite Program • Conceptual mission design.
and on the Space Shuttle Advanced Solid Rocket
• Defining top-level mission requirements.
Motor project. Mr. Keith served for five years with
Aerojet in Australia, evaluating all space mission • Mission operational concepts.
operations that originated in the Eastern • Mission operations analysis and design.
Hemisphere. Mr. Keith also served for five years on • Estimating space system costs.
Launch Operations at Vandenberg AFB, California. • Spacecraft design development, verification
Mr. Keith has written 18 papers on various aspects
of Low Cost Space Transportation over the last
decade. • System design review .
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 57
Space Mission Structures: From Concept to Launch
November 8-11, 2010 "Excellent presentation—a reminder of
Littleton, Colorado how much fun engineering can be."
$1895 (8:30am - 5:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Course Outline
Off The Course Tuition." 1. Introduction to Space-Mission Structures.
Structural functions and requirements, effects of the
space environment, categories of structures, how
launch affects things structurally, understanding
verification, distinguishing between requirements and
Summary 2. Review of Statics and Dynamics. Static
This four-day short course presents a systems equilibrium, the equation of motion, modes of vibration.
perspective of structural engineering in the space industry. 3. Launch Environments and How Structures
If you are an engineer involved in any aspect of Respond. Quasi-static loads, transient loads, coupled
spacecraft or launch–vehicle structures, regardless of loads analysis, sinusoidal vibration, random vibration,
your level of experience, you will benefit from this course. acoustics, pyrotechnic shock.
Subjects include functions, requirements development,
environments, structural mechanics, loads analysis, 4. Mechanics of Materials. Stress and strain,
stress analysis, fracture mechanics, finite–element understanding material variation, interaction of
modeling, configuration, producibility, verification stresses and failure theories, bending and torsion,
planning, quality assurance, testing, and risk assessment. thermoelastic effects, mechanics of composite
The objectives are to give the big picture of space-mission materials, recognizing and avoiding weak spots in
structures and improve your understanding of structures.
• Structural functions, requirements, and environments 5. Strength Analysis: The margin of safety,
• How structures behave and how they fail verifying structural integrity is never based on analysis
• How to develop structures that are cost–effective and alone, an effective process for strength analysis,
dependable for space missions common pitfalls, recognizing potential failure modes,
Despite its breadth, the course goes into great depth in bolted joints, buckling.
key areas, with emphasis on the things that are commonly 6. Structural Life Analysis. Fatigue, fracture
misunderstood and the types of things that go wrong in the mechanics, fracture control.
development of flight hardware. The instructor shares 7. Overview of Finite Element Analysis.
numerous case histories and experiences to drive the Idealizing structures, introduction to FEA, limitations,
main points home. Calculators are required to work class strategies, quality assurance.
Each participant will receive a copy of the instructors’ 8. Preliminary Design. A process for preliminary
850-page reference book, Spacecraft Structures and design, example of configuring a spacecraft, types of
Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch. structures, materials, methods of attachment,
preliminary sizing, using analysis to design efficient
Instructors 9. Avoiding Problems with Loads and Vibration.
Tom Sarafin has worked full time in the space industry Introduction to passive loads control, adding passive
since 1979, at Martin Marietta and Instar Engineering. damping, isolating frequencies, isolating the spacecraft
Since founding Instar in 1993, he has consulted for from the launch vehicle.
DigitalGlobe, AeroAstro, AFRL, and Design_Net 10. Improving the Loads-Cycle Process.
Engineering. He has helped the U. S. Air Force Academy Overview of loads cycles, managing math models,
design, develop, and test a series of small satellites and integrating stress analysis with loads analysis.
has been an advisor to DARPA. He is the editor and
principal author of Spacecraft Structures and 11. Designing for Producibility. Guidelines for
Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch and is a producibility, minimizing parts, designing an adaptable
contributing author to all three editions of Space Mission structure, designing to simplify fabrication,
Analysis and Design. Since 1995, he has taught over 150 dimensioning and tolerancing, designing for assembly
short courses to more than 3000 engineers and managers and vehicle integration.
in the space industry. 12 Verification and Quality Assurance. The
Poti Doukas worked at Lockheed Martin Space building-blocks approach to verification, verification
Systems Company (formerly Martin Marietta) from 1978 to methods and logic, approaches to product inspection,
2006. He served as Engineering Manager for the Phoenix protoflight vs. qualification testing, types of structural
Mars Lander program, Mechanical Engineering Lead for tests and when they apply, designing an effective test.
the Genesis mission, Structures and Mechanisms 13. A Case Study: Structural design, analysis, and
Subsystem Lead for the Stardust program, and Structural test of the FalconSAT-2 Small Satellite.
Analysis Lead for the Mars Global Surveyor. He’s a 14. Final Verification and Risk Assessment.
contributing author to Space Mission Analysis and Design Overview of final verification, addressing late
(1st and 2nd editions) and to Spacecraft Structures and problems, using estimated reliability to assess risks
Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch. He joined Instar (example: negative margin of safety), making the
Engineering in July 2006. launch decision.
58 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Spacecraft Quality Assurance, Integration & Testing
March 23-24, 2011
$990 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
1. Spacecraft Systems Reliability and
Assessment. Quality, reliability, and confidence levels.
Reliability block diagrams and proper use of reliability
predictions. Redundancy pro's and con's.
Environmental stresses and derating.
Summary 2. Quality Assurance and Component Selection.
Quality assurance, reliability, and testing are critical Screening and qualification testing. Accelerated
elements in low-cost space missions. The selection of testing. Using plastic parts (PEMs) reliably.
lower cost parts and the most effective use of 3. Radiation and Survivability. The space
redundancy require careful tradeoff analysis when radiation environment. Total dose. Stopping power.
designing new space missions. Designing for low cost MOS response. Annealing and super-recovery.
and allowing some risk are new ways of doing Displacement damage.
business in today's cost-conscious environment. This
course uses case studies and examples from recent 4. Single Event Effects. Transient upset, latch-up,
space missions to pinpoint the key issues and tradeoffs and burn-out. Critical charge. Testing for single event
in design, reviews, quality assurance, and testing of effects. Upset rates. Shielding and other mitigation
spacecraft. Lessons learned from past successes and techniques.
failures are discussed and trends for future missions 5. ISO 9000. Process control through ISO 9001 and
are highlighted. AS9100.
6. Software Quality Assurance and Testing. The
Instructor magnitude of the software QA problem. Characteristics
of good software process. Software testing and when
Eric Hoffman has 40 years of space experience, is it finished?
including 19 years as the Chief Engineer
of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics 7. The Role of the I&T Engineer. Why I&T
Laboratory Space Department, which planning must be started early.
has designed and built 64 spacecraft 8. Integrating I&T into electrical, thermal, and
and nearly 200 instruments. His mechanical designs. Coupling I&T to mission
experience includes systems operations.
engineering, design integrity, 9. Ground Support Systems. Electrical and
performance assurance, and test standards. He has mechanical ground support equipment (GSE). I&T
led many of APL's system and spacecraft conceptual facilities. Clean rooms. Environmental test facilities.
designs and coauthored APL's quality assurance 10. Test Planning and Test Flow. Which tests are
plans. He is an Associate Fellow of the AIAA and worthwhile? Which ones aren't? What is the right order
coauthor of Fundamentals of Space Systems. to perform tests? Test Plans and other important
What You Will Learn 11. Spacecraft Level Testing. Ground station
• Why reliable design is so important and techniques for compatibility testing and other special tests.
achieving it. 12. Launch Site Operations. Launch vehicle
• Dealing with today's issues of parts availability, operations. Safety. Dress rehearsals. The Launch
radiation hardness, software reliability, process control, Readiness Review.
and human error. 13. Human Error. What we can learn from the
• Best practices for design reviews and configuration airline industry.
management. 14. Case Studies. NEAR, Ariane 5, Mid-course
• Modern, efficient integration and test practices. Space Experiment (MSX).
Recent attendee comments ...
“Instructor demonstrated excellent knowledge of topics.”
“Material was presented clearly and thoroughly. An incredible depth of expertise for
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 59
Spacecraft Systems Integration and Test
A Complete Systems Engineering Approach to System Test
December 6-9, 2010
Beltsville, Maryland 1. System Level I&T Overview. Comparison of system,
subsystem and component test. Introduction to the various stages
January 17-20, 2011 of I&T and overview of the course subject matter.
Albuquerque, New Mexico 2. Main Technical Disciplines Influencing I&T. Mechanical,
Electrical and Thermal systems. Optical, Magnetics, Robotics,
Propulsion, Flight Software and others. Safety, EMC and
April 18-21, 2011 Contamination Control. Resultant requirements pertaining to I&T
and how to use them in planning an effective campaign.
Beltsville, Maryland 3. Lunar/Mars Initiative and Manned Space Flight. Safety
first. Telerobotics, rendezvous & capture and control system
$1790 (8:30am - 4:00pm) testing (data latency, range sensors, object recognition, gravity
compensation, etc.). Verification of multi-fault-tolerant systems.
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each Testing ergonomic systems and support infrastructure. Future
Off The Course Tuition." trends.
4. Staffing the Job. Building a strong team and establishing
leadership roles. Human factors in team building and scheduling
Summary of this critical resource.
5. Test and Processing Facilities. Budgeting and scheduling
This four-day course is designed for engineers tests. Ambient, environmental (T/V, Vibe, Shock, EMC/RF, etc.)
and managers interested in a systems engineering and launch site (VAFB, CCAFB, KSC) test and processing
approach to space systems integration, test and facilities. Special considerations for hazardous processing
launch site processing. It provides critical insight to
6. Ground Support Systems. Electrical ground support
the design drivers that inevitably arise from the need equipment (GSE) including SAS, RF, Umbilical, Front End, etc.
to verify and validate complex space systems. Each and Mechanical GSE, such as stands, fixtures and 1-G negation
topic is covered in significant detail, including for deployments and robotics. I&T ground test systems and
software. Ground Segment elements (MOCC, SOCC, SDPF,
interactive team exercises, with an emphasis on a FDF, CTV, network & flight resources).
systems engineering approach to getting the job 7. Preparation and Planning for I&T. Planning tools.
done. Actual test and processing Effective use of block diagrams, exploded views, system
facilities/capabilities at GSFC, VAFB, CCAFB and schematics. Storyboard and schedule development. Configuration
management of I&T, development of C&T database to leverage
KSC are introduced, providing familiarity with these and empower ground software. Understanding verification and
critical space industry resources. validation requirements.
8. System Test Procedures. Engineering efficient, effective
test procedures to meet your goals. Installation and integration
Instructor procedures. Critical system tests; their roles and goals (Aliveness,
Functional, Performance, Mission Simulations). Environmental
Mr. Robert K. Vernot has over twenty years of and Launch Site test procedures, including hazardous and
experience in the space industry, serving as I&T contingency operations.
Manager, Systems and Electrical Systems engineer for 9. Data Products for Verification and Tracking. Criterion for
a wide variety of space missions. These missions data trending. Tracking operational constraints, limited life items,
expendables, trouble free hours. Producing comprehensive,
include the UARS, EOS Terra, EO-1, AIM (Earth useful test reports.
atmospheric and land resource), GGS (Earth/Sun 10. Tracking and Resolving Problems. Troubleshooting and
magnetics), DSCS (military communications), FUSE recovery strategies. Methods for accurately documenting,
(space based UV telescope), MESSENGER categorizing and tracking problems and converging toward
(interplanetary probe). solutions. How to handle problems when you cannot reach
11. Milestone Progress Reviews. Preparing the I&T
What You Will Learn presentation for major program reviews (PDR, CDR, L-12, Pre-
Environmental, Pre-ship, MRR).
• How are systems engineering principals applied to 12. Subsystem and Instrument Level Testing. Distinctions
system test? from system test. Expectations and preparations prior to delivery
• How can a comprehensive, realistic & achievable to higher level of assembly.
schedule be developed? 13. The Integration Phase. Integration strategies to get the
• What facilities are available and how is planning core of the bus up and running. Standard Operating Procedures.
Pitfalls, precautions and other considerations.
14. The System Test Phase. Building a successful test
• What are the critical system level tests and how do program. Technical vs. schedule risk and risk management.
their verification goals drive scheduling? Establishing baselines for performance, flight software, alignment
• What are the characteristics of a strong, competent and more. Environmental Testing, launch rehearsals, Mission
I&T team/program? Sims, Special tests.
• What are the viable trades and options when I&T 15. The Launch Campaign. Scheduling the Launch campaign.
Transportation and set-up. Test scenarios for arrival and check-
doesn’t go as planned? out, hazardous processing, On-stand and Launch day.
Contingency planning and scrub turn-arounds.
This course provides the participant with
knowledge and systems engineering perspective 16. Post Launch Support. Launch day, T+. L+30 day support.
to plan and conduct successful space system I&T
17. I&T Contingencies and Work-arounds. Using your
and launch campaigns. All engineers and schedule as a tool to ensure success. Contingency and recovery
managers will attain an understanding of the strategies. Trading off risks.
verification and validation factors critical to the 18. Summary. Wrap up of ideas and concepts. Final Q & A
design of hardware, software and test procedures. session.
60 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
Spacecraft Thermal Control
March 2-3, 2011
$990 (8:30am - 4:00pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
This is a fast paced two-day course for system
engineers and managers with an interest in improving
their understanding of spacecraft thermal design. All
phases of thermal design analysis are covered in
enough depth to give a deeper understanding of the
design process and of the materials used in thermal
design. Program managers and systems engineers will
also benefit from the bigger picture information and
The goal is to have the student come away from this
course with an understanding of how analysis, design,
thermal devices, thermal testing and the interactions of
thermal design with the overall system design fit into
the overall picture of satellite design. Case studies and
lessons learned illustrate the importance of thermal Course Outline
design and the current state of the art.
1. The Role of Thermal Control. Requirements,
Constraints, Regimes of thermal control.
Instructor 2. The basics of Thermal Analysis, conduction,
Douglas Mehoke is the Assistant Group Supervisor radiation, Energy balance, Numerical analysis, The
and Technology Manager for the Mechanical System solar spectrum.
Group in the Space Department at The Johns Hopkins 3. Overall Thermal Analysis. Orbital mechanics
University Applied Physics Laboratory. He has worked for thermal engineers, Basic orbital energy balance.
in the field of spacecraft and instrument thermal design
for 30 years, and has a wide background in the fields 4. Model Building. How to choose the nodal
of heat transfer and fluid mechanics. He has been the structure, how to calculate the conductors capacitors
lead thermal engineer on a variety spacecraft and and Radfacs, Use of the computer.
scientific instruments, including MSX, CONTOUR, and 5. System Interactions. Power, Attitude and
New Horizons. He is presently the Technical Lead for Thermal system interactions, other system
the development of the Solar Probe Plus Thermal considerations.
Protection System. 6. Thermal Control Surfaces. Availability, Factors
in choosing, Stability, Environmental factors.
7. Thermal control Devices. Heatpipes, MLI,
What You Will Learn Louvers, Heaters, Phase change devices, Radiators,
• How requirements are defined. Cryogenic devices.
• Why thermal design cannot be purchased off the
8. Thermal Design Procedure. Basic design
procedure, Choosing radiator locations, When to use
• How to test thermal systems. heat pipes, When to use louvers, Where to use MLI,
• Basic conduction and radiation analysis. When to use Phase change, When to use heaters.
• Overall thermal analysis methods. 9. Thermal Testing. Thermal requirements, basic
• Computer calculations for thermal design. analysis techniques, the thermal design process,
• How to choose thermal control surfaces. thermal control materials and devices, and thermal
• When to use active devices.
• How the thermal system interacts with other 10. Case Studies. The key topics and tradeoffs are
systems. illustrated by case studies for actual spacecraft and
satellite thermal designs. Systems engineering
• How to apply thermal devices. implications.
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 61
Structural Test Design & Interpretation
For Aerospace Programs
October 26-28, 2010
$1590 (8:30am - 4:30pm)
"Register 3 or More & Receive $10000 each
Off The Course Tuition."
1. Overview of Structural Verification for Space
Missions. Structural functions and requirements,
understanding verification, the building-blocks
approach to verification, verification methods and logic,
development testing, acceptance testing, qualification
and protoqualification testing, types of structural tests
and when they apply, government standards.
Summary 2. Designing an Effective Test. Designing a test,
contents of a test plan, defining objectives, boundary
This new three-day course provides a rigorous look
conditions, the key difference between a qualification
at structural testing and its roles in product
test and an acceptance test, success criteria,
development and verification for aerospace programs.
instrumentation, preparing to interpret test data.
The course starts with a broad view of structural
verification throughout product development and the 3. Testing of Coupons and Joints. Applications
role of testing. The course then covers planning, and objectives, loading systems, typical configurations,
designing, performing, interpreting, and documenting a designing the test, ASTM standards, deriving
test. statistically appropriate allowable, case history:
The course covers static loads testing at low- and designing a test to substantiate new NASA criteria for
high-levels of assembly, modal survey testing and analysis of preloaded bolts.
math-model correlation, sine-sweep and sine-burst 4. Static Loads Testing of Structural
testing, and random vibration testing. Assemblies. Test fixtures and configuration,
The objectives of this course are to improve your introducing and controlling loads with hydraulic jacks,
understanding of how to. developing the load cases, instrumentation,
interpreting data, special considerations for centrifuge
• Identify and clearly state test objectives• How
structures behave and how they fail.
5. Testing on an Electrodynamic Shaker. Test
• Design (or recognize) a test that satisfies the
configuration, fixture design, locating accelerometers,
identified objectives while minimizing risk.
deriving overall loads on the test article from test data,
• Establish pass/fail criteria. sine-sweep testing, sine-burst testing, random
• Design the instrumentation. vibration testing, notching and force limiting, example:
• Interpret test data. designing a notching strategy.
• Write a good test plan and a good test report. 6. Modal Survey Testing and Math-model
Correlation. Test objectives, mass correlation, test
configuration, approaches, limitations of testing on a
Instructor shaker, selecting accelerometer locations, checking
Tom Sarafin has worked full time in the space the test data with the orthogonality check, correlating
industry since 1979. He spent over 13 years at Martin the math model, the cross-orthogonality check.
Marietta Astronautics, where he contributed to and led 7. Case History: Vibration Testing of a
activities in structural analysis, design, and test, mostly Spacecraft Telescope. Overview, initial structural test
for large spacecraft. Since founding Instar in 1993, plan, problem statement, revised test plan, testing at
he’s consulted for NASA, Space Imaging, DigitalGlobe, the telescope assembly level, testing at the vehicle
AeroAstro, Design_Net Engineering, and other level, lessons learned, conclusions.
organizations. He’s helped the United States Air Force
Academy (USAFA) design, develop, and verify a series
of small satellites and has been an advisor to DARPA. Who Should Attend
He is the editor and principal author of Spacecraft All engineers and managers involved in ensuring
Structures and Mechanisms: From Concept to Launch that flight vehicles and their payloads are structurally
and is a contributing author to Space Mission Analysis safe to fly. This course is intended to be an effective
and Design (all three editions). Since 1995, he’s follow-up to “Space-Mission Structures (SMS): From
taught over 150 courses to more than 3000 engineers Concept to Launch”, although that course is not a
and managers in the space industry. prerequisite.
62 – Vol. 104 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805
TOPICS for ON-SITE courses
ATI offers these courses AT YOUR LOCATION...customized for you!
Spacecraft & Aerospace Engineering Practical Design of Experiments
Advanced Satellite Communications Systems Self-Organizing Wireless Networks
Attitude Determination & Control Wavelets: A Conceptual, Practical Approach
Composite Materials for Aerospace Applications
Sonar & Acoustic Engineering
Design & Analysis of Bolted Joints
Acoustics, Fundamentals, Measurements and Applications
Effective Design Reviews for Aerospace Programs
Advanced Undersea Warfare
Fundamentals of Orbital & Launch Mechanics
Applied Physical Oceanography
GIS, GPS & Remote Sensing (Geomatics)
AUV & ROV Technology
Design & Use of Sonar Transducers
Ground System Design & Operation
Developments In Mine Warfare
Hyperspectral & Multispectral Imaging
Fundamentals of Sonar Transducers
Introduction To Space
Mechanics of Underwater Noise
IP Networking Over Satellite
Practical Sonar Systems Engi-
Launch Vehicle Selection, Performance & Use
Launch Vehicle Systems - Reusable
Sonar Principles & ASW Analysis
New Directions in Space Remote Sensing
Sonar Signal Processing
Orbital & Launch Mechanics
Submarines & Combat Systems
Payload Integration & Processing
Underwater Acoustic Modeling
Reducing Space Launch Costs
Underwater Acoustic Systems
Remote Sensing for Earth Applications
Vibration & Noise Control
Risk Assessment for Space Flight
Vibration & Shock Measurement & Testing
Satellite Communication Introduction
Satellite Communication Systems Engineering Radar/Missile/Defense
Satellite Design & Technology Advanced Developments in Radar
Satellite Laser Communications Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar
Satellite RF Comm & Onboard Processing Combat Systems Engineering
Space-Based Laser Systems C4ISR Requirements & Systems
Space Based Radar Electronic Warfare Overview
Space Environment Fundamentals of Link 16 / JTIDS / MIDS
Space Hardware Instrumentation Fundamentals of Radar
Space Mission Structures Fundamentals of Rockets & Missiles
Space Systems Intermediate Design GPS Technology
Space Systems Subsystems Design Microwave & RF Circuit Design
Space Systems Fundamentals Missile Autopilots
Spacecraft Power Systems Modern Infrared Sensor Technology
Spacecraft QA, Integration & Testing Modern Missile Analysis
Spacecraft Structural Design Propagation Effects for Radar & Comm
Spacecraft Systems Design & Engineering Radar Signal Processing.
Spacecraft Thermal Control Radar System Design & Engineering
Multi-Target Tracking & Multi-Sensor Data Fusion
Engineering & Data Analysis Space-Based Radar
Aerospace Simulations in C++
Synthetic Aperture Radar
Advanced Topics in Digital Signal Processing
Tactical Missile Design
Antenna & Array Fundamentals
Applied Measurement Engineering Systems Engineering and Project Management
Digital Processing Systems Design Certified Systems Engineer Professional Exam Preparation
Exploring Data: Visualization Fundamentals of Systems Engineering
Fiber Optics Systems Engineering Principles Of Test & Evaluation
Fundamentals of Statistics with Excel Examples Project Management Fundamentals
Grounding & Shielding for EMC Project Management Series
Introduction To Control Systems Systems Of Systems
Introduction to EMI/EMC Practical EMI Fixes Kalman Filtering with Applications
Kalman Filtering with Applications Test Design And Analysis
Optimization, Modeling & Simulation Total Systems Engineering Development
Practical Signal Processing Using MATLAB
Call us to discuss your requirements and
objectives. Our experts can tailor leading-edge
cost-effective courses to your specifications.
OUTLINES & INSTRUCTOR BIOS at
Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805 Vol. 104 – 63
Boost Your Skills
with ATI On-site Training
Any Course Can Be Taught Economically For 8 or More
All ATI courses can easily be tailored to your specific applications and technologies. “On-site” training
represents a cost-effective, timely and flexible training solution with leading experts at your facility. Save
an average of 40% with an onsite (based on the cost of a public course).
Onsite Training Benefits How It Works
• Customized to your facilityʼs specific • Call or e-mail us with your course interest(s).
• Discuss your training objectives and audience.
• 40 to 60 % discounts per/person
• Identify which courses will meet your goals.
• Tailored course manuals for each stu-
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• Confidential environment
• Schedule the presentation at your convenience.
• No obligation or risk until two weeks
before the event • Conference with the instructor prior to the event.
• Multi-course program discounts • ATI prepares and presents all materials and de-
livers measurable results.
• New courses can be developed to
meet your specific requirements
Call and we will explain in detail what we can do for you, what it will cost, and
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64 – Vol. 98 Register online at www.ATIcourses.com or call ATI at 888.501.2100 or 410.956.8805