Women Artists and Patrons APAH Study Guide #2
Hatshepsut  <ul><li>Commissioned Mortuary Temple </li></ul><ul><li>First recorded great female ruler  </li></ul>
Theodora <ul><li>Wife and and empress of Justinian </li></ul><ul><li>Portrayed leading a procession and equal to her husba...
Hildegarde of Bingen (artist) <ul><li>Illustrator of Illuminated manuscripts, composer of music, visionary, theologian, Be...
Isabella D’Este  (patron) <ul><li>MOST important female patron of the Renaissance – supported painters like Titian, Raphae...
Sofonisba Anguissola  (artist) <ul><li>Considered to be first Italian woman “art celebrity” </li></ul><ul><li>Studied unde...
Caterina Van Hemessen (artist) <ul><li>Flemish artist </li></ul><ul><li>Painted FIRST known N. European self-portrait by a...
Artemisia Gentileschi (artist) * see Caravaggio  <ul><li>Baroque painter and follower of Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>Best...
Marie de’Medici (patron) <ul><li>Commissioned Rubens to paint series of 21 HUGE paintings glorifying her!  </li></ul><ul><...
Judith Leyster (artist) <ul><li>Dutch Baroque painter – successful portrait painter </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Frans ...
Rachel Ruysch (artist) <ul><li>Dutch Baroque artist </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her highly detailed floral paintings </li>...
Elisabeth Vigee-LeBrun (artist) <ul><li>Famous for her portraits of Marie Antoinette </li></ul><ul><li>One of few women ad...
Adelaide Labille-Guiard (artist) <ul><li>Known for her portraits of French aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>One of the few wo...
Angelica Kauffmann <ul><li>Neoclassical painter </li></ul><ul><li>Founding member of British Royal Academy of Arts </li></...
Edmonia Lewis (artist) <ul><li>Neoclassical sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>African-American </li></ul>Forever Free,  1867
Julia Margaret Cameron (artist) <ul><li>Prominent portrait photographer in England </li></ul><ul><li>Photos are usually sl...
Rosa Bonheur (artist) <ul><li>Most celebrated female artist of the 19 th  century! </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for her realis...
Gertrude Kasebier (artist) <ul><li>American photographer </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for photos with symbolic themes </li></u...
Berthe Morisot <ul><li>Impressionist painter </li></ul><ul><li>Married to Manet’s brother and sometimes posed for Manet. <...
Mary Cassatt  (artist) <ul><li>American Impressionist painter </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Degas and Japanese woodblock...
Gertrude Stein (patron) <ul><li>Patron of Picasso, Matisse, and other avant-garde artists living in Paris during the early...
Hannah Hoch <ul><li>Dada artist </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her photomontages (collages) </li></ul>Cut with the Kitchen Kn...
Kathe Kollwitz <ul><li>German Expressionist </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for depictions of grief/loss </li></ul><ul><li>Pr...
Meret Oppenheim <ul><li>Surrealist </li></ul><ul><li>While having tea with Picasso, Oppenheim ordered her tea with a “litt...
Frida Kahlo <ul><li>Mexican portraitist (NOT surrealist) </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her symbolic self-portraits </li></ul...
Barbara Hepworth  *see Henry Moore  <ul><li>English Minimalist </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture attempts to represent the essen...
Dorothea Lange <ul><li>Photographer known for her documentation of the Great Depression </li></ul>Mississippi Delta Childr...
Helen Frankenthaler <ul><li>Post-painterly Abstractionist OR Color Field painter </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her large wor...
Maya Lin <ul><li>Minimalist sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial (Wall)  </li></ul>What...
Louise Nevelson <ul><li>American Sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her assemblages – artworks created from existing obj...
Make sure to read pp. 425-429 (Feminist Art) GUERILLA GIRLS,  Do Women have to be naked? , 1989-2005
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Apah study guide women artists

  1. 1. Women Artists and Patrons APAH Study Guide #2
  2. 2. Hatshepsut <ul><li>Commissioned Mortuary Temple </li></ul><ul><li>First recorded great female ruler </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theodora <ul><li>Wife and and empress of Justinian </li></ul><ul><li>Portrayed leading a procession and equal to her husband (San Vitale, Ravenna) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hildegarde of Bingen (artist) <ul><li>Illustrator of Illuminated manuscripts, composer of music, visionary, theologian, Benedictine abbess </li></ul>Vision of Hildegarde of Bingen, 1150-1179
  5. 5. Isabella D’Este (patron) <ul><li>MOST important female patron of the Renaissance – supported painters like Titian, Raphael, DaVinci </li></ul>Portrait by Titian 1534-1536
  6. 6. Sofonisba Anguissola (artist) <ul><li>Considered to be first Italian woman “art celebrity” </li></ul><ul><li>Studied under Michelangelo </li></ul><ul><li>Court painter to Phillip II of Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Mannerist painter </li></ul>Lucia, Minerva and Europa Anguissola Playing Chess (1555)
  7. 7. Caterina Van Hemessen (artist) <ul><li>Flemish artist </li></ul><ul><li>Painted FIRST known N. European self-portrait by a woman </li></ul>
  8. 8. Artemisia Gentileschi (artist) * see Caravaggio <ul><li>Baroque painter and follower of Caravaggio </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for her versions of Judith Slaying Holofernes. </li></ul>Judith and her Maidservant 1613-1614
  9. 9. Marie de’Medici (patron) <ul><li>Commissioned Rubens to paint series of 21 HUGE paintings glorifying her! </li></ul><ul><li>Wife of Henry IV, first of the Bourbon Kings </li></ul>RUBENS, Arrival of Marie de Medici 1622-1625
  10. 10. Judith Leyster (artist) <ul><li>Dutch Baroque painter – successful portrait painter </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Frans Hals (p. 301 in Gardner’s) </li></ul>Self-portrait 1630
  11. 11. Rachel Ruysch (artist) <ul><li>Dutch Baroque artist </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her highly detailed floral paintings </li></ul>ca. 1700s
  12. 12. Elisabeth Vigee-LeBrun (artist) <ul><li>Famous for her portraits of Marie Antoinette </li></ul><ul><li>One of few women admitted to Royal Academy </li></ul>Marie Antoinette, 1783
  13. 13. Adelaide Labille-Guiard (artist) <ul><li>Known for her portraits of French aristocrats </li></ul><ul><li>One of the few women admitted to the Royal Academy </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary of LeBrun </li></ul>Self-portrait with two pupils, 1785
  14. 14. Angelica Kauffmann <ul><li>Neoclassical painter </li></ul><ul><li>Founding member of British Royal Academy of Arts </li></ul>Self-portrait Hesitating Between the Arts of Music and Painting 1791
  15. 15. Edmonia Lewis (artist) <ul><li>Neoclassical sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>African-American </li></ul>Forever Free, 1867
  16. 16. Julia Margaret Cameron (artist) <ul><li>Prominent portrait photographer in England </li></ul><ul><li>Photos are usually slightly blurred for dramatic effect. </li></ul>Call, I follow, I follow, let me die!, carbon print from copy negative, negative 1867,
  17. 17. Rosa Bonheur (artist) <ul><li>Most celebrated female artist of the 19 th century! </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for her realistic paintings of animals </li></ul>The Horse Fair 1852
  18. 18. Gertrude Kasebier (artist) <ul><li>American photographer </li></ul><ul><li>Famous for photos with symbolic themes </li></ul><ul><li>* For similar themes of mother and child, look at Mary Cassatt </li></ul>Blessed Art Thou Among Women, 1899
  19. 19. Berthe Morisot <ul><li>Impressionist painter </li></ul><ul><li>Married to Manet’s brother and sometimes posed for Manet. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Mary Cassatt (artist) <ul><li>American Impressionist painter </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by Degas and Japanese woodblock prints </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her portraits of mothers with children </li></ul>
  21. 21. Gertrude Stein (patron) <ul><li>Patron of Picasso, Matisse, and other avant-garde artists living in Paris during the early 1900’s and 1920’s </li></ul>Picasso’s portrait of Gertrude Stein, 1905-1906
  22. 22. Hannah Hoch <ul><li>Dada artist </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her photomontages (collages) </li></ul>Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany , 1919-1920
  23. 23. Kathe Kollwitz <ul><li>German Expressionist </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for depictions of grief/loss </li></ul><ul><li>Printmaker (woodcut, etching, lithography) </li></ul>Woman with dead child, 1903
  24. 24. Meret Oppenheim <ul><li>Surrealist </li></ul><ul><li>While having tea with Picasso, Oppenheim ordered her tea with a “little more fur” since it had grown cold!  </li></ul>Object, 1936
  25. 25. Frida Kahlo <ul><li>Mexican portraitist (NOT surrealist) </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her symbolic self-portraits </li></ul><ul><li>Married to Diego Riviera (a muralist) see page 402 </li></ul>Self-portrait, 1940
  26. 26. Barbara Hepworth *see Henry Moore <ul><li>English Minimalist </li></ul><ul><li>Sculpture attempts to represent the essence of things </li></ul>Oval Sculpture #2, 1968
  27. 27. Dorothea Lange <ul><li>Photographer known for her documentation of the Great Depression </li></ul>Mississippi Delta Children, 1939
  28. 28. Helen Frankenthaler <ul><li>Post-painterly Abstractionist OR Color Field painter </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her large works where paint is poured onto unprimed canvas </li></ul>Magic Carpet, 1964
  29. 29. Maya Lin <ul><li>Minimalist sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial (Wall) </li></ul>What is missing, 2009
  30. 30. Louise Nevelson <ul><li>American Sculptor </li></ul><ul><li>Known for her assemblages – artworks created from existing objects </li></ul>Sky Cathedral, 1958
  31. 31. Make sure to read pp. 425-429 (Feminist Art) GUERILLA GIRLS, Do Women have to be naked? , 1989-2005
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