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Apah study guide women artists



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  • 1. Women Artists and Patrons APAH Study Guide #2
  • 2. Hatshepsut
    • Commissioned Mortuary Temple
    • First recorded great female ruler
  • 3. Theodora
    • Wife and and empress of Justinian
    • Portrayed leading a procession and equal to her husband (San Vitale, Ravenna)
  • 4. Hildegarde of Bingen (artist)
    • Illustrator of Illuminated manuscripts, composer of music, visionary, theologian, Benedictine abbess
    Vision of Hildegarde of Bingen, 1150-1179
  • 5. Isabella D’Este (patron)
    • MOST important female patron of the Renaissance – supported painters like Titian, Raphael, DaVinci
    Portrait by Titian 1534-1536
  • 6. Sofonisba Anguissola (artist)
    • Considered to be first Italian woman “art celebrity”
    • Studied under Michelangelo
    • Court painter to Phillip II of Spain
    • Mannerist painter
    Lucia, Minerva and Europa Anguissola Playing Chess (1555)
  • 7. Caterina Van Hemessen (artist)
    • Flemish artist
    • Painted FIRST known N. European self-portrait by a woman
  • 8. Artemisia Gentileschi (artist) * see Caravaggio
    • Baroque painter and follower of Caravaggio
    • Best known for her versions of Judith Slaying Holofernes.
    Judith and her Maidservant 1613-1614
  • 9. Marie de’Medici (patron)
    • Commissioned Rubens to paint series of 21 HUGE paintings glorifying her!
    • Wife of Henry IV, first of the Bourbon Kings
    RUBENS, Arrival of Marie de Medici 1622-1625
  • 10. Judith Leyster (artist)
    • Dutch Baroque painter – successful portrait painter
    • Influenced by Frans Hals (p. 301 in Gardner’s)
    Self-portrait 1630
  • 11. Rachel Ruysch (artist)
    • Dutch Baroque artist
    • Known for her highly detailed floral paintings
    ca. 1700s
  • 12. Elisabeth Vigee-LeBrun (artist)
    • Famous for her portraits of Marie Antoinette
    • One of few women admitted to Royal Academy
    Marie Antoinette, 1783
  • 13. Adelaide Labille-Guiard (artist)
    • Known for her portraits of French aristocrats
    • One of the few women admitted to the Royal Academy
    • Contemporary of LeBrun
    Self-portrait with two pupils, 1785
  • 14. Angelica Kauffmann
    • Neoclassical painter
    • Founding member of British Royal Academy of Arts
    Self-portrait Hesitating Between the Arts of Music and Painting 1791
  • 15. Edmonia Lewis (artist)
    • Neoclassical sculptor
    • African-American
    Forever Free, 1867
  • 16. Julia Margaret Cameron (artist)
    • Prominent portrait photographer in England
    • Photos are usually slightly blurred for dramatic effect.
    Call, I follow, I follow, let me die!, carbon print from copy negative, negative 1867,
  • 17. Rosa Bonheur (artist)
    • Most celebrated female artist of the 19 th century!
    • Famous for her realistic paintings of animals
    The Horse Fair 1852
  • 18. Gertrude Kasebier (artist)
    • American photographer
    • Famous for photos with symbolic themes
    • * For similar themes of mother and child, look at Mary Cassatt
    Blessed Art Thou Among Women, 1899
  • 19. Berthe Morisot
    • Impressionist painter
    • Married to Manet’s brother and sometimes posed for Manet.
  • 20. Mary Cassatt (artist)
    • American Impressionist painter
    • Influenced by Degas and Japanese woodblock prints
    • Known for her portraits of mothers with children
  • 21. Gertrude Stein (patron)
    • Patron of Picasso, Matisse, and other avant-garde artists living in Paris during the early 1900’s and 1920’s
    Picasso’s portrait of Gertrude Stein, 1905-1906
  • 22. Hannah Hoch
    • Dada artist
    • Known for her photomontages (collages)
    Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural Epoch of Germany , 1919-1920
  • 23. Kathe Kollwitz
    • German Expressionist
    • Best known for depictions of grief/loss
    • Printmaker (woodcut, etching, lithography)
    Woman with dead child, 1903
  • 24. Meret Oppenheim
    • Surrealist
    • While having tea with Picasso, Oppenheim ordered her tea with a “little more fur” since it had grown cold! 
    Object, 1936
  • 25. Frida Kahlo
    • Mexican portraitist (NOT surrealist)
    • Known for her symbolic self-portraits
    • Married to Diego Riviera (a muralist) see page 402
    Self-portrait, 1940
  • 26. Barbara Hepworth *see Henry Moore
    • English Minimalist
    • Sculpture attempts to represent the essence of things
    Oval Sculpture #2, 1968
  • 27. Dorothea Lange
    • Photographer known for her documentation of the Great Depression
    Mississippi Delta Children, 1939
  • 28. Helen Frankenthaler
    • Post-painterly Abstractionist OR Color Field painter
    • Known for her large works where paint is poured onto unprimed canvas
    Magic Carpet, 1964
  • 29. Maya Lin
    • Minimalist sculptor
    • Best known for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial (Wall)
    What is missing, 2009
  • 30. Louise Nevelson
    • American Sculptor
    • Known for her assemblages – artworks created from existing objects
    Sky Cathedral, 1958
  • 31. Make sure to read pp. 425-429 (Feminist Art) GUERILLA GIRLS, Do Women have to be naked? , 1989-2005