The Ancient Persian Empire specifically known as the Achaemendid Empire was one of many empires in the ancient world.
During, imperial China was in it’s Han Dynasty, still fairly isolated and to itself.
Ancient India was very much under the influence the caste system and of various rising religions (e.g. Hinduism and Buddhism). Not much written history of interaction with Ancient India with the exception of and Cyrus Campaigns East and Darius’s expansion of Persia past the Indus River
Ancient Greece at the time was dominated by the Athenians, who were constantly clashing with Ancient Persia and kept a rival relationship
A struggling Persian battling a Greek Warrior depicted on a Greek vase Image 4
Ancient Persia being rich in natural resources of copper, lead, gold, silver, blue lapis lazuli(gem) had thriving trade
Ancient Persia having access to Sea-trade also had established land trade system a convenient trade route known as the Royal Road
The Royal Road itself was part of a series trade routes including the Silk Roads, restored during the Persian Empire by King Darius I
Image 5 Ancient Persia being an Empire of many Empires was very culturally diffused. Diffusion meaning the exchange of ideas,beliefs and culture, this possible through the means of trade.
Persian Rulers This section will include Persian rulers and the affects on the civilization. Throughout the entirety of this civilization there has been three rulers. All three included in what is called a dynasty. Although being a ruler was inhibited, the way they ruled differed in many ways. Made by: Kiyana Clark ™
With the help of the Ten Thousand Immortals, Persian soldiers, King Darius ceased revolts and take control of the thrown.(522-521 B.C)
He was able to expand the empire so far, that it now consists over 250,000 miles. This included the Egypt and Anatolia, small section of India, and the Fertile crescent. Although he was able to conquer a lot he failed to conquer Greece.
To take control of his empire, he decide to divide it into 20 provinces. He tolerated freedom of religion in each province, but still had complete control. Each province was assigned a satrap, a governor, to rules just that province. He also had “King ears” , who made sure everything was right between every province. A tax collector and an army leader was later assigned to provinces as well.
Through cultural diffusion he was able to process the idea of making metal coins. Coins has a specific value and were used throughout the entire empire.
The King would act as commander and chief and generals were usually Satraps(local governors)or wealthy men of born into a higher social class
King Darius, successor to Cambyses seized the throne with the aid of a skilled troupe of Persian soldier known as the “Ten Thousand Immortals”
“ Bridge of Boats”-almost conquered Greece and did conquer Egypt. A platoon of bloats to form floating bridge, another known item of strategy was the chariot
“ Not just conquered, wooed.”-Persia was not known for it’s brute force as the Assyrians were, that’s why people were so hopeful at the rise of the Persian empire. Persia had a way of charming it’s subjugated subjects . People after conquered by the Persians were sometimes grateful to be under it’s rule.
The Persian empire at it’s largest was 2,500 mile east to west from the Indus river to Anatolia, the majority of this expanded land attained through some sort of battle. Image 6
Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Thermopylae » HistoryNet." HistoryNet - From the World’s Largest History Magazine Publisher . 20 Nov. 2008 <http://www.historynet.com/greco-persian-wars-battle-of-thermopylae.htm>.
Littell, Mcdougal. Formal Assessment (McDougal Littell World History: Medieval and Early Modern Times) . United States of America: Mcdougal Littell, 2006.