Only 27 regions have achieved the goal of investing 3% of gross domestic product (GDP) in research and development. That is barely a 10%. In other words we do not innovate.Noord-Brabant is a high innovating region located in an "Innovation follower" country (the Netherlands). Praha in the Czech Republic medium-high innovating region from moderate innovatorsPais Vasco, ComunidadForal de Navarra, Comunidad de Madrid and Cataluña in Spain medium-high innovating regions from moderate innovatorsLombardia and Emilia-Romagna in Italy medium-high innovating regions from moderate innovatorsAlso, the capital regions in Hungary and Slovakia show an innovation level at the EU average but are located in catching up countries whose overall innovation performance is well below average.
Today, people believe innovation is getting harder and they seek safety to the known.We are losing the momentum and innovation is very slow. The way we used to do things is not adequate anymore, so we need creativity and we need to innovate new approaches to innovation.ICT is THE key resource to enable this process.
We have to move to open innovation models and build new collaborative value information systems
Here you can see two very popular crowd funding platforms in the United States! Kickstarter.com and Indiegogo.com. People start a campaign, opening their innovative idea for funding.Internet users, like me and you, not banks or funds, FROM different countries and continents, support projects helping innovators to start their business or project.We need similar innovation models open to everybody.
Regional, small-sized new firms are frequently sources of innovation. We need to seize those opportunities.Regional entrepreneurs, organisations and resources, are the key to innovation. We need to engage them.To seize and engage we need to implement a regional innovation ICT platform: Two main components for the platform:A portal, aiming to foster collaborative innovationA social network, which supports the interaction of local actors during the ideation and conception of proposals (like think tank).However, every region is a pixel of the same picture, the European Union. And we want to succeed as a whole!So, every regional model should not retain innovation, best practices and know-how within the region! We need to further enable ICT systems open the model and integrate every region into one strategic platform.
To support the integration of all regional systems into one platform, we need four critical sub-networks:Innovation Network: WHO is bringing innovation into the region, WHO is sharing that innovation with others, and WHO are the people that entrepreneurs respect as sources of innovation. With this information we can identify influential entrepreneurs whom we should encourage and incentivise to promote their innovation models to other regions with similar SWOT status.Collaboration Network: WHO has been collaborating with whom. With this we can identify network hubs! WHO are organizing collaborations, and work with them to increase effectiveness on other regions.Sharing Network:WHO has been mentoring others, sharing information or resources. We can then encourage communities to involve such individuals in their regional network.Policy Network: identify the people who are likely to be the most influential in policy issues regarding entrepreneur support. Pass policy best-practices to other regions.
To support the integration of regional entrepreneurial networks, we need on every end the following ICT support systems and actions: These should be open to entrepreneurs, regional stakeholders (academia and companies) and the public administration.Innovation databases: Analyse regional information from entrepreneurs about strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Open knowledge to other regions!Integration databases: Store and share new ideas, know-how and best practices among different regions and countries.Also, E-learning, uninterruptible communication and Social collaboration networksFinally, encourage feedback from the nodes of each entrepreneurial network, listen what they have to say and improve the systems! A continuous process that will guarantee systems innovation.
Thank you for your attention
Smart Specialisation:Enabling ICT to driveinnovation in the EU regions
Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePISEuropean Regional Innovation Performance (2009)Innovation in the EU
Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePISWe must learn how to innovate newapproaches to innovation!BCG & Accenture reports,show that people believethat innovation is gettingharderDriven by the recession,there is a heightened fear ofrisk, and this drives people tosafety and the known Freedoms to Innovate are curtailedInnovation Velocity is slow.(Loss of momentum)“The way things were done” is probablynot good enough for the new post-recession world, where creativity willmake a differenceEnable ICTfor innovatingnew approachesto innovation!Professor Victor Newman, University of Greenwich
Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePISOpen Innovation and Collaborative Values(Moving from the individual to the team)• We have to move to open innovation models and build newcollaborative value information systems: Utilise the influence of social networks and capitalise the power ofcrowdsourcing to construct collaborative alliance networks withcomplementary strengths. Enable mobile technology (telematics, telecoms, mobile apps) toconnect the right people together. Use the internet to encourage the participation of many andconstantly enhance the open environment inviting those that can.
Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePISInnovative techology can enable newbusiness models• “Crowd funding” in the US is a model of open innovation andcollaborative funding.• Internet users (not funds) support new value projects and ideas.
LocalCompaniesCollegesUniversitiesCooperativesEntrepreneursupportorganisationsResearchCentersHRAgenciesBanks/LoanfundsGovernmentAgencies(local/regional)Traininge-learningcentersEntrepreneursRegional Innovation PlatformThanassis Papadimitriou, HePISIdeaBusinessDevelopmentStrategicElectronic portal andWeb 2.0 collaboration platform(Integration to other regions)Region IRegion II PlatformRegion III platformRegion IV PlatformRegion V platform
Regional systems integration• To integrate all regional entrepreneurial networks into a singleplatform, we need four critical sub-networks: The Innovation Network: who is bringing innovation into the region, whois sharing that innovation with others, and who are the people thatentrepreneurs respect as sources of innovation. The Collaboration Network: this identifies who has been collaboratingwith whom. The Sharing Network: who has been mentoring others and sharinginformation or resources. The Policy Network: this identifies the people who are likely to be themost influential in policy issues regarding entrepreneur support.Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePIS
ICT for regional integration• To support the integration of regional entrepreneurialnetworks, we need on every end the following ICT supportsystems and actions: Innovation databases: Analyse information from entrepreneurs aboutstrengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. E-Learning: setup trainings for entrepreneurs. Adequate Communication: Establish reliable systems to supportcommunication between partners and services and reduce bureaucracy. Social Collaboration networks: Implement an uninterruptible flow ofinformation and enhance collaboration between parties. Integration databases: Store and share new ideas, know-how and bestpractices among different regions and countries. Listen to the feedback, learn and improve the systems continuously.Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePIS
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The Regional Innovation Platform• Two main components for the platform: A portal, aiming to foster collaborative innovation A social network, which enables free exchange of ideas and informationamong clusters or virtual communities feeding the innovation process(think tank). Also exchange proposals and analyse opportunities.• Overall objectives of the platform: The social network will create thematic clusters and put together: actors,competencies, and stakeholders (industry, research and public admin). An end user system which will favor the integration of expertise, andenable participation, engaging system nodes into establishing thestrategic priorities of the local innovation agenda. An „Innovation Observatory‟, to avoid replication of activities and doublefunding, thus make the whole process more efficient;Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePIS
The Regional Innovation Platform A „Technology Scouting Service‟, offering an overview on new availabletechnologies. An „Innovation Funding Advice‟ service, providing news and instructionsabout funding opportunities at local, national and European level. A Web 2.0 wiki and social forum, where the project concept can becollaboratively developed. A Competency Search Engine, enabling to discover for each project thebest match between needed competencies and profiles across the localinnovation stakeholders. Business development services, aimed increase the market impact andsustainability of new businesses.Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePIS
The Regional Innovation PlatformThanassis Papadimitriou, HePISPublic Administration(planning, coordinating,investing capacity)Entrepreneurengagement(innovative products& Services)RegionalStakeholders(business/academia)(innovation policyprocess)Bottom-up „smart specialization‟, whereby regional priorities can be determinedby the willingness of local actors to join forces and strive for common goals.
Horizon 2020 Recently, the academic and political debate on Regional policy in supportto EU2020 innovation targets has put in evidence the risk ofineffectiveness related to an excess of imitation and duplication acrosspolicies, programs and instruments. This is more than a „No one size fits all‟ acknowledgment: policy mixesneed to recognize and respect territorial needs and diversities, butalso specialize in a „smart‟ way – by identifying critical masses orbottlenecks and concentrating resources on key priorities. Regions that are targeting the same kind of specialization shouldcooperate and coordinate their funding initiatives to allow for theemergence of cross-national agglomerations, able to attract furtherR&D and innovation capacities from foreign countries.Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePIS
Horizon 2020• European regions may run a twofold risk: First, of weakening available resources (particularly from StructuralFunds) on a generic, non-sector-specific promotion of innovation, whichultimately prevents the formation or the strengthening of businessagglomerates of European value. Second, clusters will never reach worldwide excellence, instead ofsupporting cross-border, cross-cluster collaborations for the design anddevelopment of applications in one or several domains.Thanassis Papadimitriou, HePIS