Objectives• Students will distinguish between non- communicable and communicable diseases• Identify risk factors of non-communicable diseases which are controllable and those which cannot be controlled.
What is the difference?Non-Communicable VS Communicable
Definition of Non- Communicable Diseases• A Noncommunicable Disease is a disease that is not spread through contact.
Degenerative Diseases• Degenerative Diseases – Cause further breakdown, or degeneration in body cells and tissues as they progressExamples- Alzheimers Disease Parkinson’s Disease
Chronic Diseases• Chronic Diseases – Are present either continuously or off and on over a long period of time – May develop as a result of a person’s lifestyle behaviors or substances in a person’s environment – Examples- Heart Disease, Diabetes, Cancer
Diseases Present At Birth• Birth Defect- disorders of the developing and newborn baby, causes unknown In 3 out of every 100 Births a birth defect occurs.
Diseases Present a Birth– Genetic Disorder- one in which the body does not develop or function normally because of an inherited problem
Diseases Caused by the Environment– Many diseases are caused by hazards in the environment– Examples of harmful substances that may be present in the environment: Fumes for chemicals, second hand smoke, radon, asbestos, cold air, dirty living conditions
Risk Factors• Risk Factors are certain characteristics that increase a person’s chances of developing the disease. Controllable UncontrollableFood Choices AgeDrug Choices GenderExercise HeredityObesity RaceSedentary Life Style
Sedentary Lifestyle• Give examples of sedentary behaviors