Answers to civilizations activityPresentation Transcript
1. Great Ziggurat of Ur, Iraq 6th century BC, Sumerians & Babylonians It means “the house whose foundation creates terror” The Middle Bronze Age (21st century BC) structure crumbled and was rebuilt during Neo-Babylonian times (6th century BC). The ziggurat was a piece in a temple complex that served as an administrative center for the city, and which was a shrine of city God
2. Seated scribe, Egypt 2600-2300 BC (Old Kingdom), Egyptians The scribe’s role was to record the words of the Pharaoh on the fly. His writing was in hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics were complex-looking but each produced only one sound or syllable.
3. Great Wall of China 5th century BC -16th century, Qin & Ming Dynasties The entire Great Wall, with all of its branches, stretches for 8,851.8 km (5,500.3 mi). This fortification provided protection from foreign invasions.
4. Terracotta Army, Xi’an China210 BC, Qin Dynasty Collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang the First Emperor of China. The Terracotta Army is a form of funerary art buried with the First Emperor. The army's purpose was to help Qin Shi Huang rule in the afterlife.
5. Knossos Palace - Crete, Greece1700 – 1400 BC, Minoans Also known as Labyrinth was a ceremonial and political centre of the Minoan civilization and culture. The palace is a maze of workrooms, living spaces, and store rooms close to a central square. The mythological Minotaur is believed to have lived in Knossos.
6. Lion gate - Mycenae, Greece1600 – 1100 BC, Mycenaean Entrance to the Mycenaean palace. The Mask of Agamemnon was a Mycenaean funeral mask found in one of the tombs area inside Mycenae’s citadel .
7. Parthenon - Athens Greece 447 – 432 BC, Greeks This temple in the Athenian Acropolis is dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena whom the people of Athens considered their protector. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece and of Athenian democracy.
8. Coliseum, Rome72-96 AD, Romans It is an elliptical amphitheatre, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. Capable of seating 50,000 spectators,[the Coliseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.
9 . Chichen Itza, Mexico6th – 12th century AD, Mayans Mayan economic, social and political center. The center included the Temple of Kukulkan (or Quetzalcoatl) often referred to as "El Castillo,“ a Great Ball Court, a Tzompantli (display of human skulls) and an observatory
10. El Tajin – Veracruz, Mexico600 to 1200 C.E, Totonacs It was the site of one of the largest and most important cities in Mesoamerica. It contained numerous temples, palaces, ball courts and pyramids. The famous Pyramid of the Niches with it 365 niches is believed to have represented the solar calendar year