Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee

12,441

Published on

railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee

railway security monitoring system using vibration sensor and zigbee

Published in: Technology, Business
5 Comments
22 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • CAN YOU SEND ME HOW FREQUENCY AND HOW THE DIFFERENT SYSTEM WORKS FOR LOACTION TRAIN USING GPS AND GSM
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • i am working a project like the yors can you send me a circuit diagrame please. and how you communicate with zigbee

    yannis-26@outlook.fr
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • we are trying to work that project using RF and please could you explain me detail and give me circuit diagram as well as source program . I would be very appreciate to receive your reply
    ssyimon@gmail.com
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • can u send me the circuit diagrams and details...
    mingswallbasil@gmail.com
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • awsm ...
    im workng that project
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Views
Total Views
12,441
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
1,222
Comments
5
Likes
22
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. WELCOME
  • 2. RAILWAY SECURITY MONITORING SYSTEM USING VIBRATION SENSOR AND ZIGBEEPROJECT GUIDE MRS.M.MANJUSHA  PRESENTED BY, ARUNA.S.J ASWATHY.S ASWATHY.V.G
  • 3. contents  Introduction  Existing system  Focus on  Components  Block diagrams  Descriptions  Over all working  Result and discussion  Conclusion  Reference
  • 4. INTRODUCTION In the rapidly flourishing country like ours, accidents in rail road railings are increasing day by day. The train accidents cause severe damage to life and property This project deals with one of the efficient method to avoid train accidents.
  • 5. Causes for railway accidents Human error. Track problems or adverse weather conditions. Derailment in curves and bends. Mis-signaling due to fog or mist. Collision between trains
  • 6. Existing system Oral communication through telephonic and telegraphic conversations. IR sensors are also used to identify the cracks in the railway. LASER Proximity Detector Use of satellites for communication. No combined solution for collision avoidance,derailment and railway gate control
  • 7. FOCUS ON•Train derailment in curves andbends•Collision between trains•Automatic railway gate control
  • 8. BLOCK DIAGRAMS BASE STATION Power ZigBee Microcontroller (PIC 16f877a) Servo motor Vibration for gate sensor control
  • 9. Components (base station) •Micro controller(PIC 16f877a) •Vibration sensor •Servo motors •ZigBee transceiver
  • 10. BLOCK DIAGRAM TRAIN SIDEPower ZigBee Microcontroller (PIC 16f73) Brakecontrol
  • 11. Components (Train side)•Micro controller(PIC 16f73)•ZigBee transceiver
  • 12. Vibration sensor Uses piezoelectric effect Vibration indicates the arrival or departure of train. Sense the position of train at 1 to 3km away.
  • 13. Continued…. types  Mini sense 100-vertical  Mini sense 100-horizontal The sensor used here is mini sense 100 vertical
  • 14. Continued…. Mini sense 100 vertical High sensitivity Good frequency response Excellent linearity Shielded construction Analog output With stands high shock
  • 15. MICROCONTROLLER Set of digital logic circuits integrated on a single chip. Micro controller is for entire control. Examples:8051,89c51,PIC,motorola etc The micro controller used here is PIC
  • 16. PIC MICROCONTROLLER Powerful fully featured processor High performance RISC CPU Operating speed 20 mhz Operating voltage 4.0 to 5.5v Operating temperature range -40 to +85
  • 17. PIC16f877a (Base station)• 8-bit microcontroller.• 40 or 44 pin package.• 256 bytes of EEPROM data memory.• Interfaced with the input sensing devices.
  • 18. Pin diagram of pic 16f877a motorsensoroscillator zigbee
  • 19. MICROCONTROLLERPIC16f73 (TRAIN SIDE)• 256 bytes EEPROM.• 8 KB of flash memory.• 28 pin package.• Placed inside the train.
  • 20. Pin diagram of pic 16f73 Tip 122oscillator zigbee
  • 21. ZIGBEE Networking protocol IEEE 802.15.4 suite for high level communication Uses mesh network Based on OSI architecture Data rate-250 Kbits/sec
  • 22. SERVO MOTOR Rotary actuator Modified form of DC motor Precise control of angular position Based on PWM switching
  • 23. Inside a servo motor Gear system Potentiometer DC motor
  • 24. Pwm switching of servo motor
  • 25. Circuit diagram BASE STATION SIDE TRAIN SIDE
  • 26. BASE STATION SIDE Power supply section Regulator IC (LM 7805) Lithium ion battery Sensor section Vibration sensor Communication Zigbee transceiver section
  • 27. TRAIN SIDE Power supply section Regulator IC (LM 7805) Lithium ion battery Communication ZigBee transceiver section Brake control section Transistor(TIP 122) Relay switch
  • 28. Collision between trains Sensor sense the vibration. More than one sensor show high value. µc sends signal to µc in train side using zigbee transceiver . Power supply will cutoff. Collision can be avoided.
  • 29. Train derailment in curves and bends Sensor sense continuously. µc doesn’t get value. µc sends signal to µc in train side Using zigbee transceiver section Power supply will cutoff Train will be stopped.
  • 30. Automatic railway gate control  Sensor sense vibration 3 km away.  Output given to µc  µc give instruction to close the gate  Gate is closed automatically using servomotor.  Gate is opened after the train is passing
  • 31. Continued…. Automatic railway gate control START CHECK ANY DATA PRESENT IF DATA RXED NO FROM TRAIN YES GATE CLOSED
  • 32. OVER ALL WORKINGThe proposed model makes use of ZigBee protocol as a medium oftransferring information
  • 33. SOFTWARE USED MPLAB IDE PROTEUS SIMULATION SOFTWARE CCS C COMPILER
  • 34. Result and Discussion•The sensors sense the input and sends to the microcontroller, where itresponds•Gives command to the particular component with predefinedalgorithm.•The time parameters are crucial which can be easily changed andmodified using Micro-controllers.•Thus, this device would work incoherence would help to reduce the train collisions.
  • 35. CONCLUSION In this project, an anti-collision system for trains have been designed, simulated and tested. The simulation has been done using proteus electronic simulation package Train collisions , de railing & rail road accidents are avoided. Hence it is expected that, major train mishaps can be prevented and human life saved if this system is implemented.
  • 36. REFERENCE www.collision-avoidance.org www.vibrametrics.com; www.ni.com www.konkanrailway.com www.faadooengineers.com
  • 37. QURIES
  • 38. THANK YOU

×