Open Source Software in Libraries Alisa Surkis GSLIS 756 December 10, 2009
What is Open Source Software? <ul><li>Freedoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run program for any purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Evolution of OSS <ul><li>Once the hackers roamed the earth… </li></ul><ul><li>Unix: Owned by AT&T, development at Berkeley...
The infrastructure of OSS <ul><li>L inux: Operating system </li></ul><ul><li>A pache: Web server </li></ul><ul><li>M ySQL:...
Why use OSS? <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Startup vs. Ongoing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customizable </li></ul><ul><ul>...
OSS in libraries How does it get there? <ul><li>Dissatisfaction with existing products/  Promise of new product </li></ul>...
Open Source Public Workstations <ul><li>Three models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linux/Ubuntu based terminals </li></ul></ul><ul...
Useful Software for Libraries <ul><li>Linux, Ubuntu Operating system </li></ul><ul><li>OpenOffice Productivity Suite </li>...
Library Specific OSS Solutions <ul><li>‡ biblios Browser-based cataloging service </li></ul><ul><li>LibX Toolbar customiza...
Open Source ILS Koha New Zealand 3 small libraries 2000 Small to mid-sized public libraries or academic libraries & some l...
Koha An example of OSS development <ul><li>Development began in late 90s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three libraries in NZ  </li...
Open $ource $oftware  <ul><li>Behind every great program is somebody trying to make a buck off of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Li...
Which can lead to… <ul><li>LibLime (Koha): Some open source software users are more equal than others. </li></ul><ul><ul><...
The future of OSS in libraries <ul><li>Firefox: 16% to 25% market share in past two years </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress used...
References <ul><li>Bisson, C., West, J., & Eby, R. (2007). Open-Source Software for Libraries.  Library Technology Reports...
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Open Source Software in Libraries

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Open Source Software in Libraries

  1. 1. Open Source Software in Libraries Alisa Surkis GSLIS 756 December 10, 2009
  2. 2. What is Open Source Software? <ul><li>Freedoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run program for any purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modify code to suit purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Redistribute code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release modified code to public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GNU License </li></ul><ul><li>Copyleft </li></ul>
  3. 3. Evolution of OSS <ul><li>Once the hackers roamed the earth… </li></ul><ul><li>Unix: Owned by AT&T, development at Berkeley </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialization of software in 1970s </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Stallman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GNU Project in 1983 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free Software Foundation in 1985 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Linux </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 downloads, 5 bug fixes in 1991 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20,000 users worldwide in 1993 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The infrastructure of OSS <ul><li>L inux: Operating system </li></ul><ul><li>A pache: Web server </li></ul><ul><li>M ySQL: Relational database management system </li></ul><ul><li>P HP: Scripting language </li></ul>
  5. 5. Why use OSS? <ul><li>Free </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Startup vs. Ongoing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customizable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In house </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outsourcing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sustainable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical Mass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphaned Code </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. OSS in libraries How does it get there? <ul><li>Dissatisfaction with existing products/ Promise of new product </li></ul><ul><li>Budget concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Enthusiasm for Open Source Software </li></ul>
  7. 7. Open Source Public Workstations <ul><li>Three models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linux/Ubuntu based terminals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-user workstations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thin Server using Linux Terminal Server Project (LTSP) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy savings </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Useful Software for Libraries <ul><li>Linux, Ubuntu Operating system </li></ul><ul><li>OpenOffice Productivity Suite </li></ul><ul><li>Firefox Web browser </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle Course management system </li></ul><ul><li>Zotero Online citation manager </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress, Content management systems </li></ul><ul><li>Drupal, Joomla </li></ul>
  9. 9. Library Specific OSS Solutions <ul><li>‡ biblios Browser-based cataloging service </li></ul><ul><li>LibX Toolbar customization (for use with Firefox) </li></ul><ul><li>GetIt Browser-based library acquisitions </li></ul><ul><li>LOCKSS, Ex Libris Digital Preservation Systems </li></ul><ul><li>LibraryFind Federated Search Engine </li></ul><ul><li>Scriblio CMS and OPAC (based on WordPress) </li></ul><ul><li>Library à la carte Custom CMS for libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Koha, Evergreen ILS </li></ul><ul><li>Opals, NewGenLib </li></ul>
  10. 10. Open Source ILS Koha New Zealand 3 small libraries 2000 Small to mid-sized public libraries or academic libraries & some libraries of increasing size/complexity. Over 1000 users Evergreen Georgia Public Library System. 266 libraries 2006 Consortia of public libraries; individual librarie (SaaS). Interest from academic libraries. Hundreds of users NewGenLib India at of Kesavan Institute of Information and Knowledge Management 2008 Libraries in the developing world Handful OPALS Collaboration of 6 upstate New York school systems 300 school libraries 2003 School districts or school district consortia. Usually large consortial implementations or SaaS. Handful
  11. 11. Koha An example of OSS development <ul><li>Development began in late 90s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three libraries in NZ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30k patrons, 80k books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In use 1/1/00 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First Open Source ILS at a US public library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nelsonville, OH, 62k patrons, 250k books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Added MARC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In use 8/02 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scalabililty issue conquered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meadville, PA system 1/3 larger than Nelsonville </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LibLime created version with faster indexing technology. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In use early 5/07 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Koha now has more than 1,000 users worldwide </li></ul>
  12. 12. Open $ource $oftware <ul><li>Behind every great program is somebody trying to make a buck off of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux (RedHat) </li></ul><ul><li>Drupal (Acquia) </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress (Automattic) </li></ul><ul><li>Ubuntu (Canonical) </li></ul><ul><li>OPALS (MediaFlex) </li></ul><ul><li>Koha ( LibLime ) </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen ( Enterprise ) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Which can lead to… <ul><li>LibLime (Koha): Some open source software users are more equal than others. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LibLime press release </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equinox (Evergreen): Stick with us, we’re the good guys. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Equinox Promise </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The future of OSS in libraries <ul><li>Firefox: 16% to 25% market share in past two years </li></ul><ul><li>WordPress used by over 200 million websites worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>Evergreen: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public release in 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hundreds of users today </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Koha : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Began in 2000 at three small libraries, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 1000 users worldwide </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overcoming FUD </li></ul>
  15. 15. References <ul><li>Bisson, C., West, J., & Eby, R. (2007). Open-Source Software for Libraries. Library Technology Reports, 43 (3). </li></ul><ul><li>Breeding, M. (2008). Open Source Integrated Library Systems. Library Technology Reports, 44 (8). </li></ul><ul><li>Free Software Foundation (FSF). (2009). The Free Software Definition - GNU Project. GNU Operating System. Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html. </li></ul><ul><li>Houser, J. (2009). Open Source Public Workstations in Libraries. Library Technology Reports, 45 (3). </li></ul><ul><li>LibLime Announces LibLime Enterprise Koha — LibLime. (n.d.). . Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.liblime.com/news/liblime-announces-liblime-enterprise-koha. </li></ul><ul><li>The Equinox Promise: An Open Letter to the Evergreen Community « Equinox Blog. (n.d.). . Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://blog.esilibrary.com/2009/09/16/the-equinox-promise/. </li></ul><ul><li>The GNU Operating System. (2009). GNU Operating System . Retrieved December 10, 2009, from http://www.gnu.org/ . </li></ul>
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