ISS National Lab Opportunities for Research and Technology Development – Enabling Commercial Utilization


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Duane Ratliff, Chief Operating Officer, NASA Liaison, CASIS: "ISS National Lab Opportunities for Research and Technology Development – Enabling Commercial Utilization." Presented at the 2013 International Space Station Research and Development Conference,

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  • CASIS involvement in Denver is important to translating the value of ISS National Lab. This morning proud to announce:A partnership with the University of Denver Morgridge College of Education. The University is providing matching grant funds to support full time Ph.D. Student support during 2014-15 to work on our STEM education projects.We are pleased to announce that CASIS is also sponsoring a unique new exhibit at Wings Over the Rockies Air & Space Museum here in Denver.  This exhibit will raise awareness in Colorado and the Rocky Mountain region about the ISS National Lab, as well as CASIS' mission to maximize the benefit of the Laboratory as a uniquely important research and educational facility.This is the first of what we expect will be a number of research and educational partnerships we plan to build in Colorado
  • The concept of a National Lab is a least a decade oldThis timeline illustrates the key events that led to the opportunity for CASISCASIS is less than two years oldThis set the stage for enabling commercial utilization
  • CASIS is structured in order to generate commercial business on ISSAs a NGO we are able to interact with business entities in a way the Federal gov’t cannotAs a non-profit, we avoid competitive conflicts of interest. CASIS is an enabler of the opportunity to use ISS. Our mission is to make this laboratory accessible in order that users may discover and generate intellectual property, new-found knowledge, and perhaps new product applications that can provide value in the U.S. market. The value is two-fold and follows macro-economic principles – commercial entities will use ISS only if they can develop products and/or IP that will return value to them when introduced to the market. The U.S. consumer will only enter the marketplace and obtain these items if they have a perceived value, be it tangible or intangible. CASIS does not take stake in the value created, and does not pass along the cost for its services.It is important to note that commercial interests in ISS span the entire spectrum of the R&D portfolio. Many fundamental science questions remain and may be of interest. We know that many applications also exist and need only translation into a terrestrial market; therefore, CASIS develops and maintains research opportunities that encompass basic through applied research. Our focus is on the outcome.Commercial users are only a third of our customer base. OGA’s and academic institutions with non-exploration interests in ISS research utilize the ISS National Lab pathway. The ability of these partners to interact with and promote technology transfer and science discovery make them ideal partners for our commercial users.Communicating the capability, accessibility, and value of ISS is included in our primary mission. This is important in order to realize commercial utilization and includes traditional business development to educating the “new to space” potential client.We work cooperatively with NASA in order to achieve our mission. NASA provides in depth and comprehensive SME for working in microgravity.
  • As a result of Congress’ legislative actions and the cooperative relationship that exists with NASA, we now have a new opportunity for commercial utilization of a very unique laboratory platform. The internal environment of ISS is rich with existing hardware and facilities that enable immediate research in areas that span life sciences to physical sciences. In addition the National Lab makes access to the external environment available opening up new opportunities for materials science, observation and remote sensing, technology demonstrations that have direct impact on the commercial satellite market and other emerging markets.CASIS has 50% of all necessary resources available to its customersLaunch and on-orbit ops are fully subsidizedAccess to necessary partners enables a cost competitive, customer service model that is necessary to shepherd new users through an unfamiliar process. Existing GFE further reduces time and cost of building new ground hardware in order to prepare for on-orbit research.
  • This is the value proposition for commercial utilizationReduced cost – a fully subsidized launch and on-orbit support, existing hardware and facilitiesReduced burden – implementation partners that are experienced service providersResource availability – tremendous existing infrastructure to support R&DCommercial access – first time ever opportunity to develop IP, applications and products that have value in your targeted marketplace
  • CASIS has had the opportunity to test this value proposition during 2012 and 13. In less than two years of operations….
  • We know this is a unique environment. We have evidence that biological systems respond differently. There is demonstrated value in researching the human physiological consequences of microgravity in order to mitigate the outcomes and enable long-duration existence in space. What we need to focus on are answering the very fundamental questions that are driven toward terrestrial application. This has not been a focus in the past but is necessary in order to generate commercial interests. As we answer these questions we also need to incentivize the utilization. Outreach and knowledge of the ISS and its environment is important for commercial entities to engage Most important, we need create a utilization model that is as similar as can be to the terrestrial model of R&D. This includes providing access to gold standard equipment and analytics, creating a realistic timeline for access that enables repeatable use, and lowering the cost of access. NASA has made a giant stride in lowering costs but we still recognize a significant cost for implementation partners and investigators that tend to be related to pre-flight ground research and the integration process
  • Cost to access the ISS National Lab will be the ultimate driver; therefore it is important to realize:This is not a government funded construction project. It is now a fully functioning laboratory open for business. It has tremendous existing capabilities and NASA is updating these capabilities in real-timeUsers must realize the incentives that are in place to spur utilization. In addition to covered launch costs, CASIS provides seed funding and establishes matching partnerships to encourage utilization. As we move forward we will also mature cost competitiveness for integration services and hopefully reduce costs associated with redundancy and other legacy functions that have evolved in the integration processThe cost drivers must be identified and understood in order for all involved parties to impact a change
  • NASA has signed a Phase III SBIR (small business innovation research) contract with NR for commercial services.
  • This is no longer a government project but rather a viable research facility open for business
  • ISS National Lab Opportunities for Research and Technology Development – Enabling Commercial Utilization

    1. 1. w w s - c asis .org T h e C e n t e r f o r t h e A d v a n c e m e n t o f S c i e n c e i n S p a c e ISS National Lab – Enabling Commercial Utilization Duane Ratliff, Chief Operating Officer 16 July 2013 2nd Annual ISS Research and Development Conference
    2. 2. CASIS: MANAGER OF THE ISS U.S. NATIONAL LABORATORY 201120102005 Congress designates the U.S. portion of the International Space Station as a National Laboratory The President signs the NASA Authorization Act of 2010 into law • Extends ISS operations until at least 2020 • Directs NASA to establish a NGO for the National Lab NASA issues Cooperative Agreement Notice • CASIS selected in July • CASIS operations commence August 31
    3. 3. CASIS STRUCTURE NGO, non-profit established to: • Develop & manage a diverse R&D portfolio encompassing basic through applied research based on national needs and ISS capabilities • Stimulate & manage the use of ISS by OGAs, academic institutions, and commercial entities • Communicate the value of the ISS $15M annually from NASA, ability to generate other sources of revenue NASA provides transportation and on-orbit logistics
    4. 4. NEW OPPORTUNITY Access for U.S. interests to internal and external facilities and platforms 50% of available U.S. launch and on-orbit resources Costs associated with launch and on-orbit operations are fully subsidized Access to Implementation Partners, GFE, expertise
    5. 5. VALUE PROPOSITION Reduced Cost Reduced Burden Resource Availability Commercial Access I S S N L R E S E AR C H S u p p o r t R e s e a r c h e r s C o n n e c t t o I m p l e m e n t a t i o n P a r t n e r s C o o r d i n a t e W i t h N A S A
    6. 6. NATIONAL LAB UTILIZATION TO DATE To date >$15M obligated for ISS NL research across 40 projects >$2M non-NASA funds committed Commercial Partnerships with Boston Museum of Science, MD Anderson, Baylor College of Medicine, MIT, MassChallenge, Boeing, NSTA, The Broad Institute Flight Project Agreements with P&G, Merck, Cobra Puma, several universities MOAs in place and/or in development with NIH, NOAA, USDA, VA, DoD, NRL (Navy)
    7. 7. WHY IS COMMERCIAL UTILIZATION IMPORTANT Achieves original intent of the ISS, realizing U.S. investment Direct impact on U.S. citizens emphasizes this ROI Extension of the ISS is dependent on utilization and the relevance of the research conducted Commercial organizations and academia that focus on tech transfer to the marketplace are key to addressing this challenge
    8. 8. HOW CAN COMMERCIAL UTILIZATION BE ACHIEVED Demonstrate that the fundamental questions re: microgravity can be answered Create opportunities to address these questions – seed funding, partnerships, grant challenges, outreach Familiarize the research community at large with the CASIS business model and utility of ISS Streamline process while preserving safety and integrity of crew and vehicle Achieve repeatability, reduce time to flight, and lower cost
    9. 9. A PARADIGM SHIFT IN HOW WE CONDUCT SPACE BUSINESS IS REQUIRED This is not your father’s NASA ISS construction is complete; capabilities are in place; the focus is now on utilization Funding must transition into a model within a competitive service market Cost drivers must be identified and understood, and changes enacted in order for this to be realized
    10. 10. WHAT CASIS IS DOING TO ATTRACT COMMERCIAL UTILIZATION Grant Opportunities • Solicited and Unsolicited Geographic cluster that has key elements • Academic institutions with tech transfer • Innovative R&D industry • Funding sources (partnerships, investment, philanthropy) Ecosystem Marketing and Business Development
    11. 11. ROLE OF OUR PARTNERS Broaden the use of ISS as a research and technology platform Promote use of ISS, reaching non-traditional audiences Maximize investment and new capabilities while minimizing cost—a win-win for all
    12. 12. EXAMPLE: NANORACKS Approach • Invested private capital to build a business model around ISS research services • Partnered with other organizations when they didn’t have the expertise in-house, enabling fast, repeatable, inexpensive access to the ISS • Tackled new research needs to encourage broad ISS use Outcome • NASA has signed a Phase III SBIR contract, and contract services are available to other government agencies
    13. 13. IN SUMMARY Humankind’s greatest technological achievement is open for business, and its value must be recognized NASA and the government have provided a grand opportunity to use the ISS for commercial research and development Incentives are necessary in order to demonstrate the value and create the marketplace CASIS is taking the lead in creating utilization opportunities within in targeted ecosystems Our partners are critical to the success of the ISS National Lab
    14. 14. WHAT CAN WE ACHIEVE THIS WEEK Understand the discoveries, applications and opportunities of the ISS National Lab Identify the real drivers to cost and constraints. More importantly, suggest solutions Re-think the business approach to supporting ISS activities.
    15. 15. w w w. i s s - c a s i s . o r g Tw i t t e r : @ i s s _ c a s i s Images courtesy of NASA