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AAS National Conference 2008: Jon Morse
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AAS National Conference 2008: Jon Morse



Session 2: Space Science – the Next Decade

Session 2: Space Science – the Next Decade

18 November 2008, Pasadena California




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AAS National Conference 2008: Jon Morse AAS National Conference 2008: Jon Morse Presentation Transcript

  • Dr. Jon Morse Astrophysics Division Director Science Mission Directorate NASA Headquarters November 18, 2008 NASA’s Astrophysics Program American Astronautical Society
  • NASA and SMD President’s Budget Request FY09-FY13
  • SMD Budget by Science Theme
  • Astrophysics Program Content ** ** Future Explorer budget in Heliophysics.
  • Current Structure New Structure Navigator Discovery (Kepler) JWST HST SOFIA Spitzer Beyond Einstein GLAST ISSC Chandra Astro. Explorers Astro. Research } } } } } Exoplanet Exploration “ Are we Alone?” Cosmic Origins “ How did we get here?” Physics of the Cosmos “ How does the Universe Work?” Astrophysics Explorer (Adds operating missions) Astrophysics Research (Subtracts operating missions) Astrophysics Budget Restructure Crosswalk
  • Physics of the Cosmos
    • Science Objectives: The cosmos is a frontier for defining the new physics of the 21 st century.
    • To discover the nature and interactions between of space, time, energy and matter at the most fundamental level.
    • To explore the behavior and interactions of particles and fundamental forces of nature (including dark matter, dark energy), especially in extreme conditions found in astrophysical objects.
    • To explore the processes that shape the structure and composition of the Universe as a whole, including the forces which drove the Big Bang and continue to drive the accelerated expansion of the universe.
    Bullet cluster
  • The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for 2006 jointly to John C. Mather, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, USA, and George F. Smoot, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA "for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation" . NASA’s Astrophysics Program does Nobel Prize-class Science Dr. Mather explains COBE data
  • Cosmic Origins
    • Science Objectives: How the Universe evolved from the Big Bang to people.
    • To discover how the universe expanded and evolved from an extremely hot and dense state into the galaxies of stars, gas and dust that we observe around us today.
    • To discover how dark matter clumped under gravity into the tapestry of large-scale filaments and structures which formed the cosmic web for the formation of galaxies and clusters of galaxies.
    • To discover how stars and planetary systems form within the galaxies.
    • To discover how these complex systems create and shape the structure and composition of the universe on all scales.
    Hubble Ultra Deep Field Modern Universe
  • Exoplanet Exploration
    • Science Objectives: The search for Earth-like planets and life elsewhere in the Universe.
    • To determine the frequency of planetary systems and measure the properties of those stars that harbor planets
    • To determine the percentage of terrestrial and larger planets that are in or near the habitable zone of a wide variety of stars, and to measure their orbits
    • To search for evidence of life on those planets, especially those in habitable zones
    • Recent direct detection of Fomalhaut b giant planet and studies of the chemical composition of transiting planet atmospheres for signs of molecules (e.g., methane, carbon dioxide)
  • Research, Analysis and Technology Development Program
    • A vital component of the astrophysics program is the development of new techniques that can be applied to future major missions:
      • The test-beds for these new techniques are the balloons and rockets that are developed and launched from NASA’s launch range facilities.
      • These technological developments include instruments that cover all wavelengths and fundamental particles.
    • The Research & Analysis program also supports laboratory detector development and laboratory astrophysics, in which the properties of, e.g., plasmas are explored in conditions approximating those of astrophysical situations.
    • NASA funding allows scientists to transform data into knowledge and knowledge into further technology; it allows for the creation of conceptual and mathematical tools that are needed for the design of science programs and missions.
    • Within the Research and Analysis program, NASA funds the interpretation of data and results from all of the astrophysics missions that are currently operating – from the Hubble Space Telescope to the Small Explorer satellites.
    • Fellowships aligned with Astrophysics Division Science Themes.
    • Solicit proposals with Physics of the Cosmos, Exoplanet Exploration, or Cosmic Origins science as focus rather than mission specific.
    • Management by existing fellowship organizations.
      • Sagan fellows: Exoplanet Exploration program office, JPL
      • Einstein fellows: Chandra X-ray Center
      • Hubble fellows: Space Telescope Science Institute
    • Stipend (all new fellows): $60,500
    • Recent deadlines for Applications:
      • November 6, 2008 [Hubble and Sagan fellows]
      • November 7, 2008 [Einstein fellows]
      • Selections to be announced early 2009
    • For more information see:
      • Sagan: http://nexsci.caltech.edu/sagan/fellowship.shtml
      • Einstein: http://cxc.harvard.edu/fellows/
      • Hubble: http://www.stsci.edu/institute/org/spd/hubble-fellowship/hubble-fellow-overview
    Astrophysics Fellowships
  • Astrophysics Explorers
    • The overall Explorer program is managed by the Heliophysics Division.
    • Small PI-led astrophysics missions are selected under the Explorer program, and are managed by the Astrophysics Division.
    • Explorers are opportunities for innovative science and fill the scientific gaps between the larger missions.
      • For example, the Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) will conduct a census of black holes for the Physics of the Cosmos program and study the birth of elements for the Cosmic Origins program.
      • Similarly, the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) will survey the entire sky in the near infrared, and find among these data the brightest, most distant infrared galaxies and the faintest stars in the solar neighborhood.
    • Funding for JDEM (Dark Energy Mission) in FY09; continue LISA, Con-X, and Einstein Probe technology investments.
    • Focus on a new medium class Exoplanet initiative, and technical and cost study of SIM/SIM-Lite.
    • Accelerate SOFIA development in order to begin early limited science in 2009.
    • Fund a revitalized balloon and suborbital rocket program.
    • Augment astrophysics R&A.
    Selected FY09 Budget Highlights Astrophysics
  • GLAST Launches - June 11, 2008 First Fermi (GLAST) All-Sky view
  • HST SM4 EVA Timeline
    • Notes:
    • Choice of first instrument repair will be made based on EVA efficiency and mission circumstances
    • Time for NOBL 5 is an estimate until completion of NOBL runs
    • Priority Task Times
    • RSUs (3) 3:20
    • WFC3 2:15
    • COS 2:35
    • Bay 3 Battery Mod. 1:30
    • Bay 2 Battery Mod. 1:35
    • STIS Repair or 3:35
    • ACS Repair (1) (1) 2:10 (2) 1:45
    • FGS 2 2:00
    • Remaining instrument repair
    • NOBL 8 0:45
    • NOBL 5 0:30 (2)
    • NOBL 7
    • SCM 0:15
    • Reboost
  • Future Significant Events
    • SOFIA
      • Open door flight testing early 2009.
    • JDEM
      • Release AO in late 2008.
    • Hubble
      • SM4 mission launch 2009.
    • Kepler
      • Launch NET March 5, 2009.
    • Herschel/Planck
      • Launch NET April 2009.
  • Green: Operating, Tan: Development, Blue: Formulation Astrophysics Division Missions Operational Phase
  • SMEX Selections
    • Six Small Explorer (SMEX) investigations selected for Phase A concept studies, announced on May 29, 2008.
      • Joint Astrophysics Nascent Universe Satellite (JANUS) PI: Peter W.A. Roming, Pennsylvania State University
      • Gravity and Extreme Magnetism SMEX (GEMS) PI: Jean H. Swank, Goddard Space Flight Center
      • Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) PI: George R. Ricker, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
      • Coronal Physics Explorer (CPEX) PI: Dennis G. Socker, Naval Research Laboratory
      • Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) PI: Alan M. Title, Lockheed Martin Space Systems Co
      • Neutral Ion Coupling Explorer (NICE) PI: Stephen B. Mende, University of California, Berkeley
    • Two Mission of Opportunity investigations selected for Phase A concept studies, announced on June 20, 2008.
      • High-Resolution Soft X-Ray Spectrometer (SXS) for NEXT PI: Richard L. Kelley, Goddard Space Flight Center
      • Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk (GOLD) PI: Richard Eastes, University of Central Florida
  • Selected Proposals: Next Steps
    • December 16, 2008: Deadline for submission of Concept Study Reports (Phase A).
    • April 2009: Site Visits.
    • April/May 2009: Reviews of the Concept Study Reports presented to the Selecting Official.
    • May 2009: Downselect of missions to proceed into development (Phase B).
    • NET December 2012: Launch of first SMEX.
    • NET April 2014: Launch of second SMEX.
  • Astronomy & Astrophysics Decadal Survey
    • NRC has kicked off the Decadal Survey, naming Roger Blandford (Stanford U.) as Chair.
      • Survey committee and panels are being organized.
      • Community inputs expected to be solicited.
      • Report targeted for 2010.
    • New science priorities for the next decade and beyond.
      • From physics of the cosmos to cosmic origins to exoplanets
      • Which missions present the best science opportunities
        • Projects from previous decadal surveys such as SIM, Con-X/IXO, LISA
        • New mission concepts
    • Emphasis on better cost estimation for medium and large strategic missions.
      • James Adams - Orbiting Astrophysical Spectrometer in Space (OASIS)
      • Roger Brissenden - A Concept Study of the Technology Required for Generation X: a Large Area and High Angular Resolution X-ray Observatory to Study the Early Universe
      • Webster Cash - New Worlds Observer: Direct Studies of Exoplanets
      • Mark Clampin - Extrasolar Planetary Imaging Coronagraph (EPIC)
      • Jonathan Grindlay - A Concept Study for the Energetic X-ray Imaging Survey Telescope (EXIST) and OIR Telescope Mission to Study Black Holes on all Scales and GRBs as Cosmic Probes
      • Olivier Guyon - Pupil-mapping Exoplanet Coronagraphic Observer (PECO)
      • Jacqueline Hewitt - A Lunar Array for Radio Cosmology: Reionization, the Dark Ages, and More
      • Joseph Lazio - Concept Study for the Dark Ages Lunar Interferometer (DALI)
      • Geoffrey Marcy - Planet Hunter Mission Concept Study
      • Gary Melnick - Continued Study of the Cosmic Inflation Probe Mission Concept
      • Stephan Meyer - A Study for a CMB Probe of Inflation
      • Thomas Murphy - Testing Fundamental Gravity via Laser Ranging to Mars
      • Marc Postman - Advanced Technology Large Aperture Space Telescope: A Technology Roadmap for the Next Decade
      • Scott Sandford - The Astrobiology SPace InfraRed Explorer (ASPIRE) Mission: A Concept Mission to Understand the Role Cosmic Organics Play in the Origin of Life.
      • Paul Scowen - Instrument to Study Star Formation Near and Far
      • Kenneth Sembach - A Concept Study and Technology Roadmap for Future Spectroscopic Studies of the Intergalactic Medium
      • Michael Shao - Dilute Aperture Visible Nulling Coronagraph Imager (DAViNCI)
      • David Spergel - Extrasolar Planet Characterizer (XPC)
      • John Trauger - ACCESS - A science and engineering assessment of space coronagraph concepts for the direct imaging and spectroscopy of exoplanetary systems
    Strategic Mission Concept Studies
  • Top Issues and Concerns
    • Delay to HST SM-4 launch date and budget impact.
      • Restore redundancy to Control Unit/Science Data Formatter
    • Resolution of NuSTAR funding for FY2009.
    • Resolution of extra Shuttle flight for AMS launch to ISS.
    • Long duration Continuing Resolution for FY2009.
  • Backup
  • SMD Organization (DRAFT) Chief Scientist (Paul Hertz) - Lead for Research* (Max Bernstein) - Lead for E/PO** (Paul Hertz-Act) Strategic Integration & Management Division Dir. (D. Woods-Act) Dep. (Vacant) Heliophysics Division Dir. (R. Fisher) Dep. (V. Elsbernd) Astrophysics Division Dir. (J. Morse) Dep. (R. Howard) Associate Administrator (AA) (Ed Weiler) Deputy AA (Chuck Gay) Deputy AA for Programs (Mike Luther) Draft: August 13, 2008 AAA for Strategy, Policy & International (Marc Allen) Blue dashed boxes denote individuals who report to other organizations, but support SMD Senior Advisor (Colleen Hartman) Deputy AA for Management (Roy Maizel) Resource Management Division Dir. (C. Tupper-Act) Dep. (Vacant) * = Co-located from Planetary Science Division ** = Co-located from Earth Science Division Chief Engineer (K. Ledbetter) Safety & Mission Assurance (P. Martin) Earth Science Division Dir. ( M. Freilich ) Dep. (M. Luce-Act) Dep. Science ( R. Friedl ) Applied Science ( T. Fryberger ) Research (J. Kaye) Flight (S. Volz) Planetary Science Division Dir. (J. Green) Dep. (J. Adams) Mars Program (D. McCuistion)
  • Astrophysics R&A Elements
    • Supporting Research & Technology (SR&T)
      • Astronomy & Physics Research & Analysis (APRA) *
      • Astrophysics Theory Program (ATP) *
      • Origins of Solar Systems (SSO) *
    • Data Analysis (DA)
      • Astrophysics Data Analysis (ADP) * [includes RXTE]
      • GALEX * , Swift * , Suzaku *
      • GLAST * , Kepler PS *
      • Hubble, Chandra, Spitzer, XMM, INTEGRAL
    * ROSES Element
  • Supporting Research & Technology (SR&T)
    • Astronomy & Physics Research & Analysis (APRA)
      • Disciplines
        • Particle Astrophysics
        • Gamma-Ray
        • X-ray
        • UV/Optical
        • IR/Sub-mm/Radio
      • Categories of Investigations
        • Suborbital Investigations
        • Detector Development
        • Supporting Technology (Optics, Coatings, Coronagraphs, …)
        • Laboratory Astrophysics
        • Ground-based
    • Astrophysical Theory & Fundamental Physics (ATFP)
    • Origins of Solar Systems
    $53.6M in FY2008 - up by $1M from ADP to ATPF and $5.1M added to APRA& ATFP
  • Funding History by Level-3 WBS
  • ROSES-2007 Reviews
  • ROSES-2007 Reviews Performance Against Metrics
  • ROSES-2007 Statistics
  • Senior Review 2008 Rankings
  • 2008 Archives Senior Review - Final Rankings
  • Fermi: First Light Full Sky Image Credit: NASA/DOE/International LAT Team
  • Swift: Farthest GRB known Credit: NASA/Swift/Stefan Immler
  • NASA'S Fermi Telescope Discovers First Gamma-Ray-Only Pulsar