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AAS National Conference 2008: Gary Davis
 

AAS National Conference 2008: Gary Davis

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Session 7: Earth Science – the Next Decade

Session 7: Earth Science – the Next Decade

19 November 2008, Pasadena California

http://www.astronautical.org/conference/conference-2008

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AAS National Conference 2008: Gary Davis AAS National Conference 2008: Gary Davis Presentation Transcript

  • NOAA Satellite Plans for the next Decade Gary K. Davis Director Office of Systems Development National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration American Astronomical Society Panel on Earth Science:  The Next Decade November 19, 2008
  • Summary
    • NPOESS
    • GOES-R
    • NOAA-NASA R2O transitions
      • Altimetry
      • Ocean Surface Vector Winds
      • GPS Radio Occultation
      • Solar Wind
    • Analysis of Alternatives
    • Industry Studies
    • International Collaboration
  • NPOESS
    • National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites
      • Ground systems are on schedule; international cooperation underway for SafetyNet
        • Ground processing software has completed factory acceptance tests, will be installed at NSOF and Air Force Weather Agency this fall
      • CrIS and OMPS will deliver this year in sufficient time for NPP integration
      • VIIRS continues to be challenging. NOAA is providing vigorous oversight and looking at all options
        • Expended all margin to April 2009 planned delivery date – delivery slip likely
      • Program is at an important point; working closely with tri-agency partners
        • Key issue is planning for no data gaps including in climate measurements
        • For Climate Sensors, the FY 2009 President’s Budget requests an increase of $74 million. FY 2009 Continuing Resolution will have negative impact on delivery of critical climate sensors in time to meet spacecraft launch schedules
  • GOES-R
    • GOES-R Series
      • Good progress on the development and structure of the GOES-R program
        • Strong partnership with NASA
      • Award of the spacecraft contract expected in early FY 2009; award of the ground systems contract is expected in mid FY 2009
      • Advanced Baseline Imager status
        • Continues to experience development issues consistent with its phase of development; we are watching this issue closely
      • Impact of Continuing Resolution (CR) for FY 2009
        • If held to FY 2008 levels, FY 2009 funding is reduced by $235M, causing a minimum of 1-year delay to the program
  • Satellite Altimetry -- Jason-2 Status
    • Jason 2 launched June 20, 2008
    • Assumed full responsibility for Jason-2 satellite operations from the French Space Agency (CNES) on October 29
      • Generating command sequences and operating the satellite not only through our command sites (Wallops and Fairbanks), but also through EUMETSAT's Usingen ground station in Germany
    • Product Evaluation underway
      • NOAA and EUMETSAT producing Operational Geophysical Data Records routinely (24x7)
      • Science Workshop scheduled for mid-November to declare products operational
  • Proposed Jason-3 Partnership
    • NOAA:
      • Project Management
      • Launch vehicle
      • Payload
        • Microwave Radiometer
        • GPS Receiver
        • Laser Retroreflector Array
      • Ground System & Operations
        • Satellite Operations Control Center
        • Satellite operations after handover
        • CDA Stations (2)
        • Product processing, distribution and archiving
        • Ground network
      • User interface
    • EUMETSAT:
      • Project Management
      • Spacecraft Bus
      • Payload
        • Nadir Altimeter
        • Doris tracking receiver
      • System Integration & test
      • Ground System & Operations
        • Satellite Operations before handover
        • Navigation, guidance and expertise
        • CDA Station (1)
        • Product processing, distribution and archiving
        • Ground network
      • User interface
  • Ocean Surface Vector Winds
    • NOAA, JPL, and JAXA are exploring GCOM-W spacecraft capability for accommodating a scatterometer on 2 nd satellite of series (GCOM-W2)
    • JPL is studying scatterometer design concepts that will fit within GCOM-W accommodation constraints
      • Preliminary analysis shows dual frequency (Ku- and C-band) radar with 2 meter antenna will fit
      • Interactions with JAXA continue
    • Potential partnership includes consideration of NOAA ground system support to facilitate near-real time continuous access to GCOM data
      • GCOM-W AMSR-2 (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer)
      • GCOM-C S-GLI (Second-Generation Global Imager)
    • Next steps – finalizing joint letter of intent to pursue funding
  • GPS Radio Occultation -- Planning for COSMIC-2
    • NOAA and NASA are exploring potential development of a JPL Radio Occultation receiver
      • Contributes to Decadal Survey recommendation for NOAA to implement an operational GPSRO capability
      • Possibility of flying on multiple NOAA and NASA satellites, as well as, stand-alone mission
    • NOAA and National Space Office (NSPO – Taiwan) are exploring the concept of a next generation GPS Radio Occultation constellation
  • Solar Wind -- DSCOVR Interagency Refurbishment Studies
    • NASA/NOAA MOA signed on September 4, 2008
      • NOAA & USAF funded Goddard Space Flight Center to perform a study establishing the cost of refurbishing DSCOVR with a primary solar wind mission
    • GSFC Mission Refurbishment Cost study is underway
      • DSCOVR has been removed from storage to a clean tent in Bldg 7
      • Spacecraft components have been located and reassembled
      • Power up tests and magnetic field characterization are scheduled for late November
    • USAF launch study is in process
      • “ Urgent Operational Need” letter from AF Strategic Command to AF Space Command signed Oct 20
      • Office of Operationally Responsive space is studying options for AF provided launch
      • Mass reductions might be necessary to constrain costs
  • Analysis of Alternatives (AoA)
    • Aerospace Corporation is performing an AoA for NOAA to evaluate satellite mission options and potential trade space to address data continuity gaps:
      • What are the best solutions for meeting individual needs for continuity of a specific instrument/measurement area?
        • What are the cost, schedule and risk associated with a particular solution?
        • Are there proposed changes based on these solutions to existing planning schedules and programmed funds?
    • To be completed by the end of 2008
  • AOA Trade Examples
    • Studying potential flight opportunities for the following sensors:
      • Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) instrument
      • Total Solar Irradiance Sensor (TSIS – including TIM and SIM) -- after NPOESS C1
      • Clouds and Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) sensor – after NPOESS C1
      • Ozone Mapping and Profiling Suite – Limb Sounder (OMPS-L) -- after NPP
      • Aerosol Polarimeter Sensor (APS) -- after Glory
      • Orbiting Carbon Observatory (OCO) sensor after NASA mission
    • Trading NPOESS C3, DSCOVR, Commercial and Smallsat alternatives
  • Industry -- Technical Feasibility and Price Validation Studies
    • Dec 2007: Market Survey / RFI
    • Jan 2008: NOAA hosted Industry Day to answer industry questions concerning RFI -- over 100 industry reps attended
    • Mar – Apr 2008: NOAA found several promising approaches in responses
    • Aug 2008: RFQ posted on FedBizOpps for Price Validation and Technical Feasibility studies for:
      • TSIS, Solar Wind, CME, GPS Radio Occultation, and Ocean Surface Vector Winds
    • Sept. 17: Eight, 90-day study contracts were awarded to five companies
    • Study results will be analyzed as part of (AoA)
    • Future solicitations for studies for up to 7 additional requirements are expected in FY 2009, subject to availability of appropriated funds
  • International Collaboration --CEOS Virtual Constellations Meeting with International partners to discuss their current and potential contributions to a CEOS Constellation New Virtual Constellations Proceeding into Implementation Ocean Color Radiometry (OCR) Ocean Surface Vector Winds (OSVW) Constellation for Atmospheric Composition (ACC) Constellation for Land Surface Imaging (LSI) Constellation for Ocean Surface Topography (OST) Constellation for Precipitation (PC) To collect and deliver data to improve monitoring, assessment, and predictive capabilities for changes in ozone, air quality, and climate. To determine optimal capabilities to acquire, receive, process, archive, and distribute land surface image data to the global user community. The implementation of a sustained, systematic capability to observe the topography of the surface of the global oceans ranging from basin-scale to mesoscale. To guide, facilitate, and coordinate continued advancements of multi-satellite global precipitation missions.
  • Backup Slides
  • Potential NOAA / NASA R2O Collaboration Summary Transition Plan to be completed in FY 2009. Will explore the benefits of Glory / APS for NOAA operational applications Proposing 2 nd research mission before recommending operational follow-on options Aerosol properties for weather and climate – more accurate surface products APS (continuity after Glory) Transition Plan and recommended approach to be completed in FY 2009. Exploring partnership with NASA and NSPO (Taiwan) for COSMIC-2 mission. High accuracy, all-weather temperature, water vapor, and electron density profiles for weather, climate and space weather GPS Radio Occultation Exploring the benefits of GPM for NOAA operational applications Proposing 2 nd research mission before recommending operational follow-on options Precipitation type (snow, rain, ice) for hydrology – weather and climate applications Continuity of Global Precipitation Mission - Dual Frequency Radar Transition Plan, DSCOVR refurbishment study, AoA, and RFQ studies to be completed in FY 2009 Gov’t partnership (DSCOVR), commercial free flyer Geomagnetic storm warnings Solar Wind QuikSCAT products operational in NOAA. Exploring partnership with JAXA for continuity of observations Partnership with JAXA on G-COM-W, Free-flyer mission Continuity of QuikSCAT measurements Ocean Surface Vector Winds Jason-2 to be transitioned to NOAA Operations. Planning for RFQ study to explore commercial alternatives Clone of Jason-2, Cryosat bus, commercial alternatives (?) SSH for climate prediction of global sea level change Jason 3 + Follow-on Transition Plan, AoA studies to be completed in FY 2009. Planned for RFQ study Add to NPOESS Nadir msmt, commercial free-flyer Ozone profiles for climate prediction OMPS limb (continuity beyond NPP) Transition Plan, AoA studies to be completed in FY 2009, Planned for RFQ study NPOESS, Commercial Free-flyer Earth Radiation Budget for climate prediction CERES (continuity beyond NPP and C1) Transition Plan, AoA, and RFQ studies to be completed in FY 2009 NPOESS, GOES-R, Commercial Free-flyer Solar irradiance for climate prediction TSIS (continuity beyond C1) Status Options Description Capability
  • CEOS Atmospheric Composition Constellation
    • Pollution prediction using Envisat and Aura: Health/Air Quality
      • NOAA/NESDIS lead: NO 2 diurnal variations using OMI and GOME-2: GOME-2 is running and effort underway to apply same algorithm to OMI. Instrument differences are challenging
    • Aircraft volcanic ash warning using Envisat and Aura: Hazards
      • ESA lead: Collaboration among VAACs continues with enhanced use of satellite data. NOAA is using OMI and GOME-2 operationally. ESA selected ITT proposals for enhancement to PROMOTE to improve forecast accuracy
    • Smoke prediction from biomass burning using Aura, Aqua, CALIPSO: Hazard and Health
      • NASA lead: Progress is slow to make operational, several demos successful. CALIPSO data NRT is not operational
    Al-Saadi/NASA Carn/UMBC Boersma/KNMI
  • Mean Sea Level has been rising at an increasing rate: ~1.7 mm/yr 1870-2000 ~3.1 mm/yr since 1992 Reconstructed From Tide Gauges Based on Altimeters IPCC AR4 projection: ~30-80 cm by 2100 CEOS Ocean Surface Topography Constellation Satellite Altimetry is the Only Feasible Way to Measure Global Sea Level Rise Jason-2/OSTM Launched 20 June 2008
  • CEOS Ocean Color Radiometry Constellation
    • The OCR Constellation will provide long time series of calibrated ocean color radiance at key wavelength bands from measurements obtained from multiple satellites.
    • OCR activities will include calibration, validation, merging of satellite and in situ data, product generation, as well as development and demonstrations of new and improved applications.
    • NASA’s SIMBIOS , ESA’s GlobColour , POGO-GEO-GOOS’s ChloroGIN and CSA/GEO SAFARI projects are examples and prototypes of programs the OCR Constellation will require to meet its objectives.
  • Current Satellite Operational Measurement Timelines Geostationary and Other East West East West East West East West GOES-R&S (ABI) GOES-R&S (SEISS, MAG) GOES-R&S (XRS, SUVI) ACE @ L1 Orbit GOES-R&S (LM) East West East West GOES-FO GOES-FO GOES-FO GOES-FO GOES-R&S (ABI) GOES-R&S (ABI) GOES-FO GOES-FO GEO-CAPE NOAA OPS NOAA OPS Lightning NOAA OPS Atmospheric Temperature Profiles NOAA OPS Atmospheric Moisture Profiles NASA NOAA OPS Solar Weather NOAA OPS Space Weather NASA Coastal Waters / Habitat (Unmet) NOAA OPS Imagery/Radiometry (VIS/IR) Agency 2030 2025 2020 2015 2010 2008 Measurement Area Meets Capability Partially Met Extended Life Proposed Mission Continuity Gap Follow On
  • Current Satellite Operational Measurement Timelines Polar and Other Low Earth Orbit (LEO) 1of 4 Aqua (AIRS) Terra, Aqua NPP Early AM Mid AM PM Early AM Mid AM PM Early AM Mid AM PM Early AM Mid AM PM Early AM Mid AM PM MetOp (AVHRR) SORCE, STEREO NPOESS (VIIRS) NPOESS (VIIRS) NPOESS (ATMS) NPOESS (ATMS) NPOESS (ATMS) NPOESS (MIS) NPOESS (MIS) NPOESS (SEM) NPOESS (SEM) NPOESS (CrIS/ATMS) DMSP (SSMIS) MetOp (IASI/AMSU) MetOp (IASI/AMSU) MetOp (SEM) TRMM (TMI), Aqua (AMSR-E), GPM (GMI), GCOM-W (AMSR-FO) NOAA OPS Space Weather NOAA OPS Atmospheric Moisture Profiles NOAA OPS Atmospheric Temperature Profiles NOAA OPS NASA Imagery/Radiometry (Microwave) NASA NASA NASA NASA NOAA OPS Agency Imagery/Radiometry (VIS/IR) 2030 2025 2020 2015 2010 2008 Measurement Area Meets Capability Partially Met Extended Life Proposed Mission Continuity Gap Follow On
  • Current Satellite Operational Measurement Timelines Polar and Other LEO 2 of 4 OSTM QuikSCAT Early AM PM PM MetOp (ASCAT) Jason 3 NPOESS MIS NPOESS MIS Aqua (MODIS) FY-3 (CMA), ENVISAT, Sentinel-3 (ESA) NPOESS VIIRS PM SORCE NPP/NPOESS C1 (CERES) Aqua (CERES) Jason 1 PM NPOESS C1 (TSIS) GCOM-C (JAXA) SWOT CLARREO SeaWiFS PM PM NOAA OPS Earth Radiation Budget NOAA OPS Solar Irradiance NOAA OPS Ocean Color NOAA OPS Ocean Surface Vector Winds NASA NASA INTL NASA INTL NASA NASA NOAA OPS Agency Sea Surface Height Glory 2030 2025 2020 2015 2010 2008 Measurement Area Meets Capability Partially Met Extended Life Proposed Mission Continuity Gap Follow On
  • Current Satellite Operational Measurement Timelines Polar and Other LEO 3 of 4 NPP (OMPS nadir and limb) PM PM MetOp (GOME) NPOESS OMPS nadir only CALIPSO (LIDAR), GLORY (APS) EARTHCARE (ESA) Early AM Mid AM PM Aqua FY-3 (MWRI), GCOM-W (AMSR-2) TRMM (PR) (JAXA / NASA) GPM (DfPR) (JAXA/NASA) NPOESS (MIS) NPOESS (MIS) DMSP (SSMIS) Total Ozone Only – no profile SMAP SMOS ACE (Aerosols) GEO-CAPE GACM NOAA OPS Coastal Waters / Habitat (Unmet) NOAA OPS Precipitation Type (Unmet Requirement) NOAA OPS Soil Moisture NASA NOAA OPS Aerosol/Polarimetry INTL NASA INTL NASA INTL NASA INTL NASA NOAA OPS Agency Ozone 2030 2025 2020 2015 2010 2008 Measurement Area Meets Capability Partially Met Extended Life Proposed Mission Continuity Gap Follow On
  • Current Satellite Operational Measurement Timelines Polar and Other LEO 4 of 4 FY-3 (MWRI) (AM/PM)) ADM/Aeolus 3D-Winds (Demo) DESDynI COSMIC MetOp (GRAS) OCO GOSAT (JAXA) SCLP ASCENDS Radio Occultation INTL NOAA OPS Carbon (Unmet Req) NOAA OPS NASA NOAA OPS Bathymetry (Unmet Req) NOAA OPS Tropospheric Wind Profiles (Unmet Req) NOAA OPS NASA Ice Thickness (Unmet Req) INTL INTL INTL NASA INTL NASA NOAA OPS Agency Snow Depth (Unmet Req) 2030 2025 2020 2015 2010 2008 Measurement Area Meets Capability Partially Met Extended Life Proposed Mission Continuity Gap Follow On