Dictionary : Surrealism, n. Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express,Surrealism either verbally, in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation. Encyclopedia: Surrealism. Philosophy. Surrealism is based on the belief in the superior reality of certain forms of previously neglected associations, in the omnipotence of dream, in the disinterested play of thought. It tends to ruin once and for all other psychic mechanisms and to substitute itself for them in solving all the principal problems of life.
Places, Factors and Dates1 925 - La Peinture Surrealiste - The first ever Surrealist exhibition atGallerie Pierre in Paris. Displayed works by Masson, Man Ray, Klee, Miró, andothers. The show confirmed that Surrealism had a component in the visualarts (though it had been initially debated whether this was possible),techniques from Dada, such as photomontage were used. Galerie Surréaliste opened on March 26, 1 926 with an exhibition by 1Man Ray.Major exhibitions of the 1940s, 50s and 60s 1 942 - First Papers of Surrealism - New Y - The Surrealists again orkcalled on Duchamp to design an exhibition. This time he wove a 3-dimensional web of string throughout the rooms of the space, in somecases making it almost impossible to see the works. He made a secretarrangement with an associates son to bring his friends to the opening ofthe show, so that when the finely dressed patrons arrived they found adozen children in athletic clothes kicking and passing balls, and skippingrope. His design for the shows catalog included "found", rather than posed,photographs of the artists. 1 947 - International Surrealist Exhibition - Galerie Maeght, Paris 1 959 - International Surrealist Exhibition - Paris 1 960 - Surrealist Intrusion in the Enchanters Domain - New Y ork
A r t is ts• The Bureau of Surrealist Research (Centrale Surréaliste) was the center for Surrealist writers and artists to meet, hold discussions, and conduct interviews.
Ask Joseph Delteil:"Alas! I believe in the virtue of birds. And a feather is allit takes to make me die laughing."
Surrealism, such as I conceive of it, asserts our complete nonconformism clearly enoughso that there can be no question of translating it, at the trial of the real world, asevidence for the defense. It could, on the contrary, only serve to justify the completestate of distraction which we hope to achieve here below. Kant’s absentmindednessregarding women, Pasteur’s absentmindedness about "grapes," Curie’sabsentmindedness with respect to vehicles, are in this regard profoundly symptomatic.This world is only very relatively in tune with thought, and incidents of this kind are onlythe most obvious episodes of a war in which I am proud to be participating. "Ce monden’est que très relativement à la mesure de la pensée et les incidents de ce genre ne sontque les épisodes jusqu’ici les plus marquants d’une guerre d’indépendence à laquelle jeme fais gloire de participer." Surrealism is the "invisible ray" which will one day enable usto win out over our opponents. "You are no longer trembling, carcass." This summer theroses are blue; the wood is of glass. The earth, draped in its verdant cloak, makes aslittle impression upon me as a ghost. It is living and ceasing to live which are imaginarysolutions. Existence is elsewhere.