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Carbon atoms from CO2 are bonded or "fixed" into organic compounds during a process called carbon fixation
The energy stored in ATP and NADPH during the Light Reactions is used in the Calvin cycle
The Calvin cycle has 3 main steps occurring within the stroma of the Chloroplast
1. Carboxylation - CO2 is covalently linked to a carbon skeleton (RuBP) 2. Reduction - carbohydrate is formed at the expense of ATP and NADPH 3. Regeneration - the CO2 acceptor RuBP reforms at the expense of ATP