Universal Design for Learning (UDL)
The difference between fair and equal
           North Vancouver
           January 6,...
Questioning
        What is              assumptions
        UDL?                                 Changing Expectations in...
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
Universal Design ~
               Architecture
Designed for people with physical disabilities...




                     ...
Kurzweil
·Reading Support

·Comprehension Support

·Highlight and extract text

·Joint attention
·classroom teachers
under...
SOLO 6 Literacy Suite




                 http://www.donjohnston.com/products/solo/
NaturalReader
                                                   http://www.wordtalk.org.uk/Home/


I downloaded Natural R...
The Cornerstones of UDL
The Cornerstones of UDL



    playing   experimenting

reading




video

listening
The Cornerstones of UDL



    playing   experimenting
                              multimedia   poster

reading
        ...
Bloom’s Domains      Vygotsky’s Networks
·Psychomotor         ·Recognition
·Cognitive           ·Strategic
·Affective     ...
UDL planning requires


         Collaborative Planning
           With all teachers who support the students in the class...
Learning Intention:
        Grade 2
        identify the properties of solids, liquids, and gases


Solid                 ...
Learning Intention:
              Grade 2
              identify the properties of solids, liquids, and gases




Adding p...
UDL planning begins with clearly stated


Learning Intentions
              Where are we going?
Shape of the Day                      Grade 1

                   To understand that there should be an equal amount on bo...
UDL lesson planning begins with plans for ongoing

                   Assessment
        That reflects the lesson's stated...
Assessment using the Provincial Learning Outcomes...




                      Early in the term -    2nd term -         3...
Adaptations & Modifications
Students with Special Learning Needs


                                     "A small proportion will need to work on
     ...
Adaptations can only be
            made for students on IEPs




                                                        ...
Teachers must ensure that they are aware of the learning outcome they are teaching as they
determine if they are making ad...
Animal Adaptations
                        Project
                                            Notebook
  Online informati...
Adaptations create an
           unfair advantage for some
                    students.

                                ...
Modifications and Inclusion

   Pull-out Groups
    When students need skills that other students
    in their classroom d...
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
Changing Expectations in Education




"The [school] system was designed in the 1840s and at
the turn of the 20th Century ...
In the past we would plan our lessons based on the average student's
needs...
We often taught as though all students had the same
needs...
The reality is that all children are unique and teachers are now expected to meet the needs of diverse learners
within the...
Here's to the crazy ones...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4oAB83Z1ydE
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
It is not about the technology




                                 It is about the learning.

                           ...
What is
        UDL?                            Changing Expectations in Education




                                   ...
Toolbelt Theory
We are many things - human beings - but above all we are tool users. Unlike
most other species, and far mo...
Toolbelt Theory
So the trick to tool use is to learn to evaluate tasks and environments and
your skills and the tools them...
Most technologies enable some while disabling others...


          stairs
                           bicycles
      wheel...
We have the technology...
          ...to make learning accessible for all students.
Networkability
Versatility



                           Ability to be marked
        Transformability
Reading
   Problems




Versatility
Reading     Preference for
   Problems   Visual Materials




Versatility
Reading     Preference for
   Problems   Visual Materials   Loves to read




Versatility
Transformability


 etext
Transformability


 etext
Transformability


 etext
Transformability


 etext
Transformability


 etext
Ability to be marked




   Highlight
Ability to be marked




   Highlight




 Annotate
background   Networkability
knowledge
background   Networkability
knowledge




extension
activities
background   Networkability
knowledge




extension
activities           definitions
background   Networkability
knowledge




                         video clip




extension
activities           definitio...
It is not about the technology




                                                               suchitra prints
        ...
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
Increasingly schools are making decisions about the technologies
they will be purchasing for use in their classrooms. It i...
The time is right...


 Technology Integration
          The questions are no longer "why?" or "should we?"...




 Univer...
What is
        UDL?                            Changing Expectations in Education




                                   ...
David Rose
                     CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology)
                         Founder and Chief Ed...
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
Student Support
                            Models
                       Classroom                                      S...
Why are our kids succeeding???
                                Support for teachers...
                                   ...
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
BC's Ministry of Education endorses Universal Design
for Learning.




                                                   ...
http://setbc.org/setinfo/BCUDL/
http://bcudl.pbworks.com/
ThinkingUDL.ca
Smartboard Forum
http://public.sd43.bc.ca/elementary/Birchland/SMARTBoard%20Forum/defa
ult.aspx
ThinkingUDL
                   Smartboard Forum
                   Anitasquicktips




Anita's Tips, Tricks, and Weblinks
...
http://setbc.org/setinfo/bcudl/resources.html
http://paulhami.edublogs.org/
Paul Hamilton's Wiki   http://udl4all.pbwiki.com/
http://elgg.openschool.bc.ca/pg/groups/1671/udl-universal-design-for-
learning/
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
http://udltechtoolkit.wikispaces.com/
http://lisaslingo.blogspot.com/
Join the conversation...




         http://udl4all.ning.com/
Ira Socol’s Blog
http://speedchange.blogspot.com/
What is
        UDL?                           Changing Expectations in Education




                                    ...
Shift in Paradigm...

               from assistive to mainstream
                      from separate to included


      ...
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wN7QfjIcVvA&feature=PlayList&p
=2E71F8F36B6D4937&index=3
UDL          Belonging



Ownership                   Community




             Inclusion


       ...a shift in paradigm
UDL Presentation Slides
UDL Presentation Slides
UDL Presentation Slides
UDL Presentation Slides
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UDL Presentation Slides

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These are the slides from my Universal Design for Learning presentation on January 6th 2010 in North Vancouver.

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UDL Presentation Slides

  1. 1. Universal Design for Learning (UDL) The difference between fair and equal North Vancouver January 6, 2009 Anita Strang ThinkingUDL.ca anitasquicktips.edublogs.org
  2. 2. Questioning What is assumptions UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  3. 3. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  4. 4. Universal Design ~ Architecture Designed for people with physical disabilities... ... beneficial for everyone
  5. 5. Kurzweil ·Reading Support ·Comprehension Support ·Highlight and extract text ·Joint attention ·classroom teachers understand and model the use of assistive technology
  6. 6. SOLO 6 Literacy Suite http://www.donjohnston.com/products/solo/
  7. 7. NaturalReader http://www.wordtalk.org.uk/Home/ I downloaded Natural Reader to help students who have reading disabilities. Many students and teachers have begun using it to re-read what they have written as they edit and proofread their work. http://www.naturalreaders.com/free_version.htm CLiCk, Speak http://clickspeak.clcworld.net/
  8. 8. The Cornerstones of UDL
  9. 9. The Cornerstones of UDL playing experimenting reading video listening
  10. 10. The Cornerstones of UDL playing experimenting multimedia poster reading music art drama video listening talking writing
  11. 11. Bloom’s Domains Vygotsky’s Networks ·Psychomotor ·Recognition ·Cognitive ·Strategic ·Affective ·Affective Strategic Recognition Affective
  12. 12. UDL planning requires Collaborative Planning With all teachers who support the students in the classroom Resource Room Special Education Assistants ESL Special Education Teachers Learning Assistance
  13. 13. Learning Intention: Grade 2 identify the properties of solids, liquids, and gases Solid Liquid Gas water rock wood air steam milk
  14. 14. Learning Intention: Grade 2 identify the properties of solids, liquids, and gases Adding picture clues to the activity meant it was more accessible for students with perceptual disabilities, autism, etc.
  15. 15. UDL planning begins with clearly stated Learning Intentions Where are we going?
  16. 16. Shape of the Day Grade 1 To understand that there should be an equal amount on both Math sides of an equals sign = IRP - PLO Recess demonstrate, concretely and pictorially, how a given number can be represented by a variety of equal groups with and without singles Reading Writing 5+2 = 4+__ Lunch By clearly stating learning outcomes within their Shape of the Day teachers were more focused and supporting Science teachers had more information about what was most important about the lesson and the activity. Art
  17. 17. UDL lesson planning begins with plans for ongoing Assessment That reflects the lesson's stated Learning Intentions Assessment for Learning Assessment as Learning Assessment of Learning How will we know we got there???
  18. 18. Assessment using the Provincial Learning Outcomes... Early in the term - 2nd term - 3rd term - By using a checklist to record student progress and mastery of individual learning outcomes teachers are able to collect meaningful data about student progress in relation to the IRP fo assessment and reporting purposes.
  19. 19. Adaptations & Modifications
  20. 20. Students with Special Learning Needs "A small proportion will need to work on individualized outcomes, goals different than the curriculum; this is referred to as modification." "Although decisions about "Some may be able to modifications to a student’s achieve the learning courses or subjects may outcomes of some take place in grades earlier subjects or courses with adaptations." than Grade 10, a formal decision that an overall program is modified does not need to occur until Grade 10." "Many students with special needs and significant learning challenges will be able to achieve the learning outcomes for subjects or courses with no or minor adaptations." BC Ministry of Education A Guide to Adaptations and Modifications http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/specialed/docs/adaptations_and_modifications_guide.pdf
  21. 21. Adaptations can only be made for students on IEPs ...it depends "Essentially, adaptations are “best practice” in teaching." BC Ministry of Education A Guide to Adaptations and Modifications http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/specialed/docs/adaptations_and_modifications_guide.pdf ie: ·use of a graphic organizer ·providing with more time Time limits for assignments are not stated in the IRPs. All students can be provided with more time. Graphic organizers are good tool for all students.
  22. 22. Teachers must ensure that they are aware of the learning outcome they are teaching as they determine if they are making adaptations or modifications. Students can demonstrate mastery of this learning outcome in many ways…
  23. 23. Animal Adaptations Project Notebook Online information Written Report Kurzweil Kurzweil Discussion PowerPoint Poster Presentation Use of Multi-Media
  24. 24. Adaptations create an unfair advantage for some students. "The difference between fair and equal." "Adaptations do not represent unfair advantages to students. In fact, the opposite could be true. If appropriate adaptations are not used, students could be unfairly penalized for having learning differences, creating serious negative impacts to their achievement and self‐concept." BC Ministry of Education A Guide to Adaptations and Modifications http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/specialed/docs/adaptations_and_modifications_guide.pdf
  25. 25. Modifications and Inclusion Pull-out Groups When students need skills that other students in their classroom don't need, short term pull- out groups may be necessary for skill development Within the Classroom setting Students on a modified program can be included by defining a different learning outcome for the student within the same activity as all the other kids are doing.
  26. 26. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  27. 27. Changing Expectations in Education "The [school] system was designed in the 1840s and at the turn of the 20th Century to separate society into a vast majority of minimally trained industrial workers and a small, educated elite." Ira Socol Counting the Origins of Failure http://education.change.org/blog/view/counting_the_origins_of_failure
  28. 28. In the past we would plan our lessons based on the average student's needs...
  29. 29. We often taught as though all students had the same needs...
  30. 30. The reality is that all children are unique and teachers are now expected to meet the needs of diverse learners within their classrooms. We cannot continue to teach in the same ways we did in the past and expect to meet the diverse needs of our learners.
  31. 31. Here's to the crazy ones... http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4oAB83Z1ydE
  32. 32. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  33. 33. It is not about the technology It is about the learning. suchitra prints http://www.flickr.com/photos/chitrasudar/2740220523/
  34. 34. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  35. 35. Toolbelt Theory We are many things - human beings - but above all we are tool users. Unlike most other species, and far more than any other species, we have defined ourselves by crafting tools which allow us to control our environment and overcome our limitations. Can't run as fast as a horse? Climb on the horse. Can't fight one-on-one with a Mammoth? Invent the spear. Can't remember everything you need? Create writing. So tools matter. They matter most for those who lack the highest capabilities - a very old person and a very young person needs a car more often than a 20- year-old might - a short person needs a ladder more often than a tall person - a weak swimmer needs a boat when a great swimmer might not - but still, tools matter for everyone. Ira Socol Toolbelt Theory for Everyone SpeEd Change http://speedchange.blogspot.com
  36. 36. Toolbelt Theory So the trick to tool use is to learn to evaluate tasks and environments and your skills and the tools themselves as they change and determine what works best for you. I call this the "TEST" - Task - Environment - Skills - Tools T Task E Environment S Skills Ira Socol T Tools Toolbelt Theory for Everyone SpeEd Change http://speedchange.blogspot.com
  37. 37. Most technologies enable some while disabling others... stairs bicycles wheelchairs pencils books
  38. 38. We have the technology... ...to make learning accessible for all students.
  39. 39. Networkability Versatility Ability to be marked Transformability
  40. 40. Reading Problems Versatility
  41. 41. Reading Preference for Problems Visual Materials Versatility
  42. 42. Reading Preference for Problems Visual Materials Loves to read Versatility
  43. 43. Transformability etext
  44. 44. Transformability etext
  45. 45. Transformability etext
  46. 46. Transformability etext
  47. 47. Transformability etext
  48. 48. Ability to be marked Highlight
  49. 49. Ability to be marked Highlight Annotate
  50. 50. background Networkability knowledge
  51. 51. background Networkability knowledge extension activities
  52. 52. background Networkability knowledge extension activities definitions
  53. 53. background Networkability knowledge video clip extension activities definitions
  54. 54. It is not about the technology suchitra prints http://www.flickr.com/photos/chitrasudar/2740220523/
  55. 55. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  56. 56. Increasingly schools are making decisions about the technologies they will be purchasing for use in their classrooms. It is important that we are spending our limited funds on technologies that improve the life chances for all of our students. For our most vulnerable students carefully selected technology will "level the playing field" between them and their classmates.
  57. 57. The time is right... Technology Integration The questions are no longer "why?" or "should we?"... Universal Design for Learning ...the questions are "what?" and "how?" It is now a question of pedagogy increased visual accessibility - leveling the playing field engagement tools
  58. 58. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  59. 59. David Rose CAST (Center for Applied Special Technology) Founder and Chief Education Officer Chief Scientist, Cognition & Learning "Increasingly we need to be seeing our curriculum as disabling children." "Increasingly our curriculum will be seen as unethical" http://events.insinc.com/setbc/20081024/presentation-index6.html Watch David Rose’s entire presentation for the 2008 LATA (Learning Assistance Teachers’ Association) Conference held in Burnaby, BC: http://events.insinc.com/setbc/20081024/
  60. 60. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  61. 61. Student Support Models Classroom Support Program Program ·teaching to the middle ·pull-out group support ·adding on for students with learning or ·support outside of the curriculum The physical needs ·limited collaboration with classroom past ·reliance on Support Teacher to fix students with special needs ·fostering an atmosphere of belonging in the classroom and the school ·flexible model of in-class or pull-out support based on careful consideration of individual needs ·collaboration in planning lessons to build in supports ·familiarity with technology that supports students The future ·helping students develop understandings of disabilities ·helping students develop empathy and learn to support fellow students ·ensuring students are able to ·in-class or in-curriculum support participate in classroom activities ·collaboration with classroom ·differentiating instruction teachers ·troubleshooting technology ·coordinating support services ·paperwork ·tracking students ·strategic pull-out support
  62. 62. Why are our kids succeeding??? Support for teachers... ~inservice ~collaboration ~technology Support for kids... ~Short-term Pull-out groups with a purpose ~joint attention ~in class support ~accessibility ~visual & background knowledge The message we are sending... ~their classroom teachers can teach them within their own classroom alongside their peers ~they are capable learners ~there are tools they can use when they need them ~different is not only acceptable but encouraged ~they are valued and supported ~they belong ...a shift in Paradigm
  63. 63. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  64. 64. BC's Ministry of Education endorses Universal Design for Learning. http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/speci http://www.bced.gov.bc.c aled/docs/adaptations_and_mod a/specialed/docs/iepssn. ifications_guide.pdf pdf "Today’s classrooms are diverse and inclusive by nature. Differentiation of instruction and assessment and the principles of universal design are now recognized practices for teachers."
  65. 65. http://setbc.org/setinfo/BCUDL/
  66. 66. http://bcudl.pbworks.com/
  67. 67. ThinkingUDL.ca
  68. 68. Smartboard Forum http://public.sd43.bc.ca/elementary/Birchland/SMARTBoard%20Forum/defa ult.aspx
  69. 69. ThinkingUDL Smartboard Forum Anitasquicktips Anita's Tips, Tricks, and Weblinks http://anitasquicktips.edublogs.org/
  70. 70. http://setbc.org/setinfo/bcudl/resources.html
  71. 71. http://paulhami.edublogs.org/
  72. 72. Paul Hamilton's Wiki http://udl4all.pbwiki.com/
  73. 73. http://elgg.openschool.bc.ca/pg/groups/1671/udl-universal-design-for- learning/
  74. 74. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  75. 75. http://udltechtoolkit.wikispaces.com/
  76. 76. http://lisaslingo.blogspot.com/
  77. 77. Join the conversation... http://udl4all.ning.com/
  78. 78. Ira Socol’s Blog http://speedchange.blogspot.com/
  79. 79. What is UDL? Changing Expectations in Education Preparing kids for their future UDL Why is it important now? Toolbelt Theory Technology purchasing UDL Progress Because it is the right thing to do Worldwide At Birchland In BC
  80. 80. Shift in Paradigm... from assistive to mainstream from separate to included from child as problematic to curriculum as potentially problematic from fixing the child to fixing the curriculum from accepting differences to valuing and encouraging differences
  81. 81. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wN7QfjIcVvA&feature=PlayList&p =2E71F8F36B6D4937&index=3
  82. 82. UDL Belonging Ownership Community Inclusion ...a shift in paradigm
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