An Introduction to U.S. Immigration Policy and its Societal ImplicationsAdam StilesDecember 6th, 2012
What are the goals of thispresentation?✤ Inform and Educate✤ Eliminate Misconceptions✤ Encourage Objectivity✤ Inspire Action
Early History ofImmigration to theUnited States✤ “Settlers” and indentured servants: 17th-Early 19th Century✤ The first large influx: 1820s- 1880s✤ Early 20th century “flood” of immigration✤ Contributed to economic boom and rise of industrialization (America.gov)✤ Sought urban areas and formed tight-knit neighborhoods
Public Anxiety & Fear Leads to Legislation toCurb Immigration✤ Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)✤ Formation of Immigration Restriction League (1893) (America.gov)✤ National Origins Act (1924) establishes racial quotas✤ Hart-Celler Act (1965) eliminates quotas
Change in Region of Origin: USImmigrants from 1970-2010 1970 2010
Modern Era 1980-Current✤ Significant Amount of Unauthorized (Illegal) Immigration✤ Immigration numbers approaching 1900 levels as percentage of population (13% as of 2010)✤ Non-Traditional Destinations (NC, GA, AR, NV, TN, SC, NE)✤ Aging Population and Voting Bloc✤ Legislative Failures
Debunking Common ImmigrationMyths✤ From 1990-2007, Immigration Contributed to an Increase in Real Income Per Worker (6.6%-9.9%), or Roughly $5,100 Annually✤ Approximately 75% of Immigrants Have a Legal Permanent Resident (LPR) Visa✤ From 1986-1998 Border Patrol Budget Increased 6x. Number of Border Agents Doubled✤ In California, Incarceration Rate for U.S.-Born Men (4.2%) is Ten Times That of Foreign-Born Men (0.42%)✤ Deportations of Criminals Has Increased by 87% from 2008
Conclusion✤ Reform is Needed✤ State and Local Measures Have Largely Been Ineffective (Arizona)✤ Bipartisan Support is Growing✤ Consider Your Community✤ Do What’s Ethical
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