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Web ssush 13_14

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  • By 1900 most states had animal safe havens, game wardens and protection laws
  • Made up 1/9th of California’s population
  • We are starting with American Expansionism, then the War.

Web ssush 13_14 Web ssush 13_14 Presentation Transcript

  • SSUSH 13 & 14
  • SSUSH13 The student will identify major efforts to reformAmerican society and politics in the Progressive Era. a. Explain Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle and federal oversight of the meatpacking industry. b. Identify Jane Addams and Hull House and describe the role of women in reform movements. c. Describe the rise of Jim Crow, Plessy v. Ferguson, and the emergence of the NAACP. d. Explain Ida Tarbell’s role as a muckraker. e. Describe the significance of progressive reforms such as the initiative, recall, and referendum; direct election of senators; reform of labor laws; and efforts to improve living conditions for the poor in cities f. Describe the conservation movement and the development of national parks and forests; include the role of Theodore Roosevelt.
  • SSUSH14 The student will explain America’sevolving relationship with the world at the turn ofthe twentieth century. a. Explain the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and anti-Asian immigration sentiment on the west coast. b. Describe the Spanish-American War, the war in the Philippines, and the debate over American expansionism. c. Explain U.S. involvement in Latin America, as reflected by the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and the creation of the Panama Canal.
  • EXPLAIN AMERICA’S EVOLVINGRELATIONSHIP WITH THE WORLDAT THE TURN OF THE TWENTIETHCENTURY. a. Explain the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and anti-Asian immigration sentiment on the west coast. b. Describe the Spanish-American War, the war in the Philippines, and the debate over American expansionism. c. Explain U.S. involvement in Latin America, as reflected by the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and the creation of the Panama Canal.
  • C. Describe the rise of Jim Crow, Plessy v.Ferguson, and the emergence of the NAACP.SSUSH13 The student will identify majorefforts to reform American society andpolitics in the Progressive Era.
  • Treatment of Blacks Jim Crow era 1877-1954 Segregation in N and S Rise in lynchings Whites determined to keep blacks ―in their place‖
  • Supreme Court  Ruled against blacks in many based on 14th Amendment, said it applied to states, not to individuals  Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 – SC ruled ―separate but equal‖ facilities ok
  • Black reaction Turned to own communities Churches grew in importance Set up own businesses to serve black community
  • Ida B. Wells Born into slavery After losing a lawsuit involving discrimination, became a journalist A crusader against lynching Helped form NAACP
  • Booker T. Washington  Founded Tuskegee Institute in AL 1881 –  Teach a skill and work out of poverty  1895 at Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition - ―Atlanta Compromise‖ speech – doctrine of accommodation
  • Atlanta, 1895: Booker T. Washington’s Speech:The Atlanta Compromise
  • W.E.B. Du Bois  Criticized Washington  Son of free blacks – educated at Harvard  Taught at Atlanta Univ in 1897  Fought for political and legal rights, and Liberal Arts Education– Talented 10th
  • B. Identify Jane Addams and Hull House anddescribe the role of women in reformmovements.SSUSH13 The student will identify majorefforts to reform American society andpolitics in the Progressive Era.
  • Why move to cities in the late1800s? Louis Sullivan perfected skyscrapers Electricity, indoor plumbing and heat, telephones, Otis elevators, steam-driven commuter trains then electric trolleys Macy’s and Marshall Field’s provided jobs and attracted middle-class shoppers
  • Reasons not to move into thecities: Trash Criminals Impure water Unwashed bodies Droppings in streets – unsanitary Slums esp. tenements were dark, crowded, little ventilation or sanitation
  • Things to keep in mind from lastunit ―Native‖ Americans blamed immigrants for corruption in urban government. Unions blamed them for low wages and bringing in doctrines like socialism and communism American Protective Association Laws restricting Immigrants Belief in Social Darwinism
  • Churches (Social Gospel) YMCAs and YWCAs began  YMCA came to US in 1850s and grew in 1870 Salvation Army also established to help the poor
  • Settlement Houses Jane Addams founded Hull House in 1889 to teach children and adults skills needed to succeed in US - Nobel Peace Prize in 1931
  • Women NAWSA (National American Woman’s Suffrage Association) in 1890 – led by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony Carrie Chapman Catt – women need vote to do traditional duties 19th Amendment ratified in August of 1920
  • PROGRESSIVE ERA
  • Progressive Era 1900-1920 Depression in 1890s Social unrest Time of reform and change Presidents: T. Roosevelt, Taft, Wilson
  • Goals Stop abuses of urban bosses and corporate robber barons Greater democracy Honest and effective government More effective regulation of big business Greater social justice for working people Use govt for human welfare
  • A. Explain Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle andfederal oversight of the meatpackingindustry.SSUSH13 The student will identify majorefforts to reform American society andpolitics in the Progressive Era.
  • Food Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle in 1906  Exposed problems in meat-packing plants in Chicago President Teddy Roosevelt got confirmation Meat Inspection Act of 1906 – inspections and sanitary standards Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 – preparation of foods, patent medications, and forbade selling, marketing, transporting funky food, drugs, or liquor
  • D. Explain Ida Tarbell’s role as a muckraker.E. Describe the significance of progressivereforms such as the initiative, recall, andreferendum; direct election of senators; reformof labor laws; and efforts to improve livingconditions for the poor in citiesSSUSH13 The student will identify majorefforts to reform American society andpolitics in the Progressive Era.
  • Muckrakers Journalists who exposed corruption Believed in democracy – expose the problem, rouse the people, and it will be fixed Jacob Riis – How the Other Half Lives – slums Upton Sinclair —The Jungle—Meatpacking Industry John Spargo —Child labor Lincoln Steffens & Thomas Nast- Corruption of Political Officials Ida Tarbell- Big Business (Standard Oil)
  • Corruption in City politics City services needed to be provided: transportation, sanitation and utilities Political machines developed led by a political boss who ran city – usually involved in graft, buying votes, taking kickbacks, etc. Earned support by distributing needed supplies, finding jobs, organizing English classes, sports teams, neighborhood gatherings
  • Democracy Direct primary – all party members vote, not just bosses Initiative- Voters can put issues on ballot Referendum- direct vote on question Recall- removal from office Voter registration laws 17th Amendment – direct election of senators
  • Efficiency Commission system- Galveston, TX 1901 – authority in Board of elected administrative heads of city dept City-manager plan- prof. administrators ran city govt according to policies set by elected council and mayor
  • Supreme Court reaction toProgressivism Muller v. Oregon 1908 – 10 hour work day for women – attorney Louis Brandeis argued based on women’s health Bunting v. Oregon 1917 – 10 hour work day for men too
  • Prohibition WCTU since 1874 Anti-Saloon League 1893 more successful – endorsed amendment 18th Amendment – ratified in 1919, repealed with the 21st Amendment in 1933
  • F. Describe the conservation movement and thedevelopment of national parks and forests;include the role of Theodore Roosevelt.SSUSH13 The student will identify majorefforts to reform American society andpolitics in the Progressive Era.
  • Conservation Yellowstone National Park in 1872 – Indians were moved out Division of Forestry added to Department of Interior (now U.S. Forest Service) 1881 Forest Reserve Act of 1891 – set aside 172 m acres of federal timberland
  •  1898 Gifford Pinchot named head of Division of Forestry Roosevelt created 50 federal wildlife refuges, 5 national parks, and set aside land for national monuments
  • AN AMERICAN EMPIRE
  • EXPLAIN AMERICA’S EVOLVINGRELATIONSHIP WITH THE WORLDAT THE TURN OF THE TWENTIETHCENTURY. a. Explain the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and anti-Asian immigration sentiment on the west coast. b. Describe the Spanish-American War, the war in the Philippines, and the debate over American expansionism. c. Explain U.S. involvement in Latin America, as reflected by the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and the creation of the Panama Canal.
  • a. Explain the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882and anti-Asian immigration sentiment on thewest coast.SSUSH14 The student will explainAmerica’s evolving relationship with theworld at the turn of the twentieth century.
  • President William McKinley 1882 Cong authorized 10-year suspension of Chinese immigration – aka Chinese Exclusion Act Boxer Rebellion 1900  Chinese nationalists (Boxer Army) rebelled against foreigners in China  Took foreign diplomats hostage
  • b. Describe the Spanish-American War, the warin the Philippines, and the debate overAmerican expansionism.SSUSH14 The student will explainAmerica’s evolving relationship with theworld at the turn of the twentieth century.
  • National mood Isolationist after Civil War Manifest destiny – God ordained for us to spread With industrialization, we needed more raw materials & markets
  • Abandoning Isolationism ―Seward’s Folly‖:1867 Sec. of State William Seward purchased Alaska from Russia- $7.2 million Hawaii-1893 American businesses, led by Sanford Dole, revolted and took power from royal family.  Annexed by the U.S. in 1898
  • Spanish-American War Causes 1895 Cuba revolted against Spain Yellow journalism – Hearst and Pulitzer The U.S.S. Maine Explosion—American ship in Cuba
  • Declaration of War War declared to protect American property and trade - Teller Amendment – said US would not annex Cuba when war was over. We also move into the Philippines and other Spanish possessions to help them revolt.
  • Fronts Philippines:  Emilio Aguinaldo – helped American forces liberate them from Spanish  When Filipinos realize we want to rule them, Aguinaldo leads them in battle against America
  •  Cuba:  US blockaded Spanish fleet at Santiago  Rough Riders – T. Roosevelt and Leonard Wood attack San Juan Hill  Armistice – August 12, 1898 Spain gives up Cuba  American deaths – 5,462 but only 379 from battle
  • Results 1. Treaty of Paris 1898– we get Guam and Puerto Rico, pay Spain $20 m for Philippines 2. Platt Amendment-- U.S. granted Cuba independence in 1901, w/ conditions:  Cuba can’t make treaties with other countries against U.S.  U.S. permanent military base at Guantanamo Bay 3. America assumes new role as a world power
  •  4. Leonard Wood & Walter Reed – studied yellow fever– discover mosquito connection. 5. Made Latin America nervous about our intentions
  • PRESIDENT TEDDYROOSEVELT’S FOREIGNPOLICY
  • c. Explain U.S. involvement in Latin America, asreflected by the Roosevelt Corollary to theMonroe Doctrine and the creation of thePanama Canal.SSUSH14 The student will explainAmerica’s evolving relationship with theworld at the turn of the twentieth century.
  • Roosevelt Corollary 1904 Dominican Republic won’t pay debts (to European Nations) Monroe Doctrine (1823) said no European intervention Corollary said US could police this hemisphere
  • Big Stick Diplomacy ―Speak softly and carry a big stick‖ Depended on strong military to achieve its goals. Moral responsibility to “civilize” or uplift, weaker nations.
  • Panama Canal Needed consent of Columbia  used―big stick‖ and helped Panama revolt from Columbia Cut 8,000 nautical miles off travel from west coast to east coast Completed in 1914
  • U.S. and Japan Gentlemen’s Agreement – San Francisco would retract ban on Japanese children enrolling in schools if Japan would limit immigrants to U.S. Great White Fleet – 16 battleships sent on ―tour‖  Message to Japanese – look at our military  Led to Root – Takahira Agreement – US and Japan respect China’s Open Door Policy
  • Big Stick Diplomacy