The student will explain the primary causes of the American Revolution. SSUSH3
Explain how the end of Anglo-French imperial competition as seen in the French and Indian War and the 1763 Treaty of Paris laid the groundwork for the American Revolution.
The French and Allies VS. The British and Allies.
Also known as the Seven Years War
French & Indian War
France & Great Britain
fought over control of
the Ohio River Valley
Native Americans who feared
British expansion into the O.R.V
allied with the French.
The Iroquois Nation allied with the
British victory over the French in North America enlarged the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists.
Tensions arose because …
Britain needed $ to pay for war debt and planned to tax colonists
Stationing of British troops in colonies
Enforcement of laws affecting colonies
Treaty of Paris 1763
Officially ended French & Indian War
Great Britain claimed all of North America east of Mississippi River
Including Florida (which Britain had acquired from Spain, an ally of France)
Spain gained French lands west of Mississippi, including New Orleans
SSUSH 3 b
Explain colonial response to such British actions as the Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, and the Intolerable Acts as seen in Sons and Daughters of Liberty and Committees of Correspondence
Proclamation of 1763
Issued by British government as attempt to avoid further conflict between colonists and Native Americans
Banned all settlement west of Appalachians
Increased tensions when Parliament passed laws aimed at colonists
Act required purchase of special stamp for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, and almanac
Special “stamp” duties on playing cards and dice
Hit colonists in the “pocketbook”
Colonial Response: Secret resistance group called “Sons of Liberty” organized by Samuel Adams
Colonial response cont…
Colonial merchants signed nonimportation agreements.
The Sons of Liberty form the Stamp Act Congress & send a petition to England.
Parliament repeals the Stamp Act & passes the Declaratory Act.
Events leading to the Boston Massacre
Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767; writs of assistance used to enforce them.
British government dissolved the Massachusetts assembly for its opposition.
Protest escalated into boycotts and violence; British troops sent to Boston.
British troops opened fire on crowd of protesters.
Stirrings of Rebellion
The Boston Massacre
March 5, 1770
The Boston Massacre
King George III sought to put down organized resistance by colonists
Boston Tea Party of 1773 set off British actions against Boston, Mass.
1774 Parliament passed series of laws called Coercive Acts
Colonists referred to them as the “Intolerable” Acts
Included : shutting down Boston Harbor
Quartering Act II
British General named new governor of Mass.
Boston placed under martial law (rule by military)
Boston Tea Party (1773)
School House Rock: No More Kings
Sons and Daughters of Liberty
Men & women colonists who organized resistance to British control and laws prior to and during the American Revolution
Key Figure: Samuel Adams
Became encouragement to colonial assemblies to also make a strong collective protest against British control
Committees of Correspondence 1774 Purpose warn neighboring colonies about incidents with Br. broaden the resistance movement. communication link with other colonies as to happenings in Mass. & Virginia (networking)
First Continental Congress
Sept 5, 1774 – 56 delegates – no GA
Endorsed Suffolk Resolves – declared null and void Coercive Acts
Urged MA. to arm for defense
Boycott British goods
Declaration of American Rights – said Parliament could regulate commerce but not deal with internal colonial affairs or keep troops here
King declared them in “state of rebellion”
Lexington and Concord
Apr 14, 1775 – Gage ordered to suppress “open rebellion”
Apr 18 Paul Revere and William Dawes do warning – Apr 19, Capt John Parker met 70 minutemen on Lexington village green- shot fired
“ Shot heard around the world”
Concord – Americans attack British at North Bridge – British head back to Boston, being shot at along way
End of day, Brit 250 dead, less than 100 Americans
Second Cont Congress began May 10,1775 in Philadelphia
Fort Ticonderoga –
Picked Washington to lead militia
Battle of Bunker Hill (Breed’s Hill) – “Whites of their eyes” – colonists held off first two attacks, then ran out of ammo
End of day: British took the hill w/1054 casualties to America’s 400
Olive Branch Petition
John Dickinson –
We’ll be loyal to George III
Stop fighting so we can talk
Get rid of Intolerable Acts
King declared colonists “open and avowed enemies”
SSUSH 3 c
Explain the importance of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense to the movement for independence.
Thomas Paine : Common Sense
1776 Thomas Paine
Americans should abandon King George III and declare independence
Does not “make sense” for tiny island to govern entire North America
100,000 copies circulated
Declaration of Independence (1776)
June 7, 1776 Richard Henry Lee moved “that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states”