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  1. 1. The student will explain the primary causes of the American Revolution. SSUSH3
  2. 2. SSUSH3 (a) <ul><li>Explain how the end of Anglo-French imperial competition as seen in the French and Indian War and the 1763 Treaty of Paris laid the groundwork for the American Revolution. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The French and Allies VS. The British and Allies. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as the Seven Years War </li></ul>French & Indian War
  4. 6. <ul><li>France & Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>fought over control of </li></ul><ul><li>the Ohio River Valley </li></ul><ul><li>and Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>Native Americans who feared </li></ul><ul><li>British expansion into the O.R.V </li></ul><ul><li>allied with the French. </li></ul><ul><li>The Iroquois Nation allied with the </li></ul><ul><li>British. </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>British victory over the French in North America enlarged the British empire, but led to new conflicts with the colonists. </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions arose because … </li></ul><ul><li>Britain needed $ to pay for war debt and planned to tax colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Stationing of British troops in colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Enforcement of laws affecting colonies </li></ul>
  6. 8. Treaty of Paris 1763 <ul><li>Officially ended French & Indian War </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain claimed all of North America east of Mississippi River </li></ul><ul><li>Including Florida (which Britain had acquired from Spain, an ally of France) </li></ul><ul><li>Spain gained French lands west of Mississippi, including New Orleans </li></ul>
  7. 10. SSUSH 3 b <ul><li>Explain colonial response to such British actions as the Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, and the Intolerable Acts as seen in Sons and Daughters of Liberty and Committees of Correspondence </li></ul>
  8. 11. Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>Issued by British government as attempt to avoid further conflict between colonists and Native Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Banned all settlement west of Appalachians </li></ul>
  9. 13. Stamp Act <ul><li>March 1765 </li></ul><ul><li>Increased tensions when Parliament passed laws aimed at colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Act required purchase of special stamp for every legal document, license, newspaper, pamphlet, and almanac </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Special “stamp” duties on playing cards and dice </li></ul><ul><li>Hit colonists in the “pocketbook” </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial Response: Secret resistance group called “Sons of Liberty” organized by Samuel Adams </li></ul>
  11. 15. Colonial response cont… <ul><li>Colonial merchants signed nonimportation agreements. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sons of Liberty form the Stamp Act Congress & send a petition to England. </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament repeals the Stamp Act & passes the Declaratory Act. </li></ul>
  12. 16. Events leading to the Boston Massacre <ul><li>Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767; writs of assistance used to enforce them. </li></ul><ul><li>British government dissolved the Massachusetts assembly for its opposition. </li></ul><ul><li>Protest escalated into boycotts and violence; British troops sent to Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>British troops opened fire on crowd of protesters. </li></ul>
  13. 17. Stirrings of Rebellion <ul><li>The Boston Massacre </li></ul><ul><li>March 5, 1770 </li></ul><ul><li>Crispus Attucks </li></ul>
  14. 18. The Boston Massacre
  15. 19. Intolerable Acts <ul><li>King George III sought to put down organized resistance by colonists </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Tea Party of 1773 set off British actions against Boston, Mass. </li></ul><ul><li>1774 Parliament passed series of laws called Coercive Acts </li></ul>
  16. 20. <ul><li>Colonists referred to them as the “Intolerable” Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Included : shutting down Boston Harbor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quartering Act II </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British General named new governor of Mass. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boston placed under martial law (rule by military) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. Boston Tea Party (1773)
  18. 22. School House Rock: No More Kings
  19. 23. Sons and Daughters of Liberty <ul><li>Men & women colonists who organized resistance to British control and laws prior to and during the American Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Key Figure: Samuel Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Became encouragement to colonial assemblies to also make a strong collective protest against British control </li></ul>
  20. 24. Committees of Correspondence 1774 Purpose  warn neighboring colonies about incidents with Br.  broaden the resistance movement.  communication link with other colonies as to happenings in Mass. & Virginia (networking)
  21. 25. First Continental Congress <ul><li>Sept 5, 1774 – 56 delegates – no GA </li></ul><ul><li>Endorsed Suffolk Resolves – declared null and void Coercive Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Urged MA. to arm for defense </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Boycott British goods </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of American Rights – said Parliament could regulate commerce but not deal with internal colonial affairs or keep troops here </li></ul><ul><li>King declared them in “state of rebellion” </li></ul>
  23. 27. Lexington and Concord <ul><li>Apr 14, 1775 – Gage ordered to suppress “open rebellion” </li></ul><ul><li>Apr 18 Paul Revere and William Dawes do warning – Apr 19, Capt John Parker met 70 minutemen on Lexington village green- shot fired </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Shot heard around the world” </li></ul></ul>
  24. 28. <ul><li>Concord – Americans attack British at North Bridge – British head back to Boston, being shot at along way </li></ul><ul><li>End of day, Brit 250 dead, less than 100 Americans </li></ul>
  25. 29. Spreading Conflict <ul><li>Second Cont Congress began May 10,1775 in Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Fort Ticonderoga – </li></ul><ul><li>Picked Washington to lead militia </li></ul>
  26. 30. <ul><li>Battle of Bunker Hill (Breed’s Hill) – “Whites of their eyes” – colonists held off first two attacks, then ran out of ammo </li></ul><ul><li>End of day: British took the hill w/1054 casualties to America’s 400 </li></ul>
  27. 31. Olive Branch Petition <ul><li>John Dickinson – </li></ul><ul><li>We’ll be loyal to George III </li></ul><ul><li>Stop fighting so we can talk </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of Intolerable Acts </li></ul><ul><li>King declared colonists “open and avowed enemies” </li></ul>
  28. 32. SSUSH 3 c <ul><li>Explain the importance of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense to the movement for independence. </li></ul>
  29. 33. Thomas Paine : Common Sense
  30. 34. Common Sense <ul><li>1776 Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><li>Americans should abandon King George III and declare independence </li></ul><ul><li>Does not “make sense” for tiny island to govern entire North America </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 copies circulated </li></ul>
  31. 35. Declaration of Independence (1776)
  32. 36. Independence <ul><li>June 7, 1776 Richard Henry Lee moved “that these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent states” </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson picked by committee to draft D.O.I. </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution passed on July 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Adopted and signed on July 4 </li></ul>
  33. 37. Independence Hall
  34. 38. <ul><li>Declaration of Independence Video (Link to File) </li></ul>