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Welcome address zs jakab
 

Welcome address zs jakab

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  • Investing in prevention and improved control of noncommunicable diseases (NCD) would reduce premature death and preventable morbidity and disability, and improve the quality of life and well-being of people and societies. No less than 86% of deaths and 77% of the disease burden in the WHO European Region are caused by this broad group of disorders, which are linked by common risk factors, underlying determinants and opportunities for intervention. In Europe, there is a good understanding of the wider societal approaches to addressing the NCD epidemic. We have strong collective experience on the use of price as an incentive or disincentive for behaviour, on the control of advertising of unhealthy goods, on the reduction of salt through food product reformulation, and on the planning of urban environments to facilitate the use of active transport, among others. Healthy choices are easier when the fiscal, physical and policy environments make them the automatic choices.This approach was enshrined in the integrated regional strategy on noncommunicable diseases (NCD) that was adopted by the Regional Committee in 2006. In line with the Action Plan for the Implementation of the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCD, WHO is finalizing a European action plan, which will come to the Regional Committee next September in Baku.

Welcome address zs jakab Welcome address zs jakab Presentation Transcript

  • Action for Prevention
    Ms Zsuzsanna Jakab
    Regional Director
    Regional Office for Europe
    World Health Organization
  • Deaths in EURO due to selected risk factors in 2004
  • Health2020
    Health 2020
    • Participatory process
    • European Study on Social Determinants
    • Commitment to public health as a key function in society
    • Link public health, health care system,
    and PHC
    • Critical development sector
    • Model for Member States
    Public
    Health
    NCD
  • Mortality from smoking related causes
    Trends in premature mortality from smoking related causes
    in the WHO European Region (SDR, <65 years per 100,000)
    CIS
    EU members (post May 2004)
    EU members (pre-May 2004)
    Males Females
  • Situation in Europe: Prevalence
    Smoking Prevalence in WHO European Region
    CIS
    EU members (post May 2004)
    EU members (pre-May 2004)
  • Priority actions
    • Greater and more equal implementation of WHO FCTC throughout the Region
    • Ratification of WHO FCTC by remaining 7 Member States
    • “Whole government” approach in tobacco control in Region
    • Active use of fiscal policies and marketing controls to full effect to influence demand for tobacco
    • Development of policy toolkits ready for implementation for action by Member States, building on the extensive experience gained in tobacco control throughout the Region
    • Greater harmonization of data collection instruments and definitions, and increased use of tobacco surveillance data to better address social determinants of health and gender
  • The way forward on Alcohol and Public Health…
    • The Global Strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, adopted at WHA, May 2010
    • European Alcohol Action Plan 2012 – 2020: implementation of regional and global alcohol policies will be on the agenda for the RC61, September 2011.
    • Priorities:
    • Increase technical support to MS – and for the coming years to implement the European Alcohol Action Plan 2012 - 2020
    • Collect best practice on prevention of harmful use of alcohol
    • Improve information system on consumption, harm and responses
  • Overweight and obesity among adults in theWHO European Region
  • Prevalence of overweight, incl. obesity
    Based on the 2007 WHO growth reference for children and adolescents 5-19 years.f
    50
    40
    30
    20
    10
    0
    Prevalence (%)
    9-year-olds
    8-year-olds
    7-year-olds
    6-year-olds
    Belgium
    Bulgaria
    Ireland
    Italy
    Latvia
    Lithuania
    Norway
    Portugal
    Slovenia
    Sweden
    Countries
    Source: WHO, 2010.
  • Inactivity status in European Region
    • 1 million deaths related to physical inactivity in European Region per year
    • 41% of adults does not engage in any moderate physical activity in a typical week
    • 22% of 11-year old girls and 30% of boys report at least one hour of daily MVPA
    Eurobarometer 64.3. Special Eurobarometer 246: Health and Food
    Health Behaviour in School Aged Children 2005/06 Survey
    Global Health Risk Report, World health organization, 2009
  • Priority Actions:
    • Coordinate regional and national action:
    • Implementation of salt reduction strategies
    • Tools and programmes for the promotion of PA
    • Elimination of “trans” fat
    • Promoting active transport policies
    • Monitoring progress on improving nutrition, PA and prevention of obesity
    • Support to MS on the development, implementation and evaluation of FNAP with focus on inequalities
    • Implement obesity prevention and control mechanisms based on the European Charter to Counteract Obesity Principles
  • Thank You