Transport Oriented Development – from Strategy to Implementation
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Transport Oriented Development – from Strategy to Implementation

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APM HK October event - Transport Oriented Development – from Strategy to Implementation

APM HK October event - Transport Oriented Development – from Strategy to Implementation

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Transport Oriented Development – from Strategy to Implementation Transport Oriented Development – from Strategy to Implementation Presentation Transcript

  • 由开始之时发展综合的解决方案的重要性 由开始之时发展综合的解决方案的重要性 综合 Important to develop an INTEGRATED solution from the start... TOD项目十分复杂,需要长时间编制, 而且应尽早结合其他界别的要求 变动的成本 TOD projects are complex and take a long time to deliver, but must include the requirements of other sectors as early as possible 地场 民市 假度 售零 业商 宅住 路铁 变动的能力 l l 变动的难易度/成本 于任何流程,影响变动的能力于开始 时最大,而于最后期出现变动,成本 最高 In any process, the ability to affect change is greatest at the beginning, and the cost of change is greatest at the end…
  • 什么是交通导向发展(TOD)? 什么是交通导向发展 What is Transit Oriented Development (TOD)? 经济微气候 超过三分之一地下铁收入来 自非车费收入 1/3 of MTR revenue comes from nonfare box receipts 人流 收益 铁路 商业活动 连接 TOD让交通营运商由其他收入而取得盈利, 同时增加乘客量。因此,提供机遇为公众人 士有更好的服务。 TOD allows the transport operator to benefit from alternative revenue, and increased ridership. In turn, this provides opportunity for better services to be offered to the public. 价值 成功
  • 盈利多元化 – 香港港铁 Profit Diversity – MTRC in Hong Kong 商业及物业管理盈利 Profit from retail and property management 于香港,交通服务 (蓝色) 营运盈利少于其他业务的盈利。盈利可用作再投资于交通系统, 因此营运商可持续提供世界级服务。 I n Hong Kong, operating profit from the transport services (blue) is less than profit from other businesses. This profit allows re-investment in the transport system and means the operator can always provide a world class service.
  • 三阶段策略 3 Stage Strategy 阶段-策略规划 第1阶段 策略规划 阶段 阶段-车站规划 第2阶段 车站规划 阶段 阶段-方案发展 第3阶段 方案发展 阶段 Stage 1- Strategy Planning Stage 2 Station Planning Stage 3 - Scheme Development 土地使用优化 Land-use Optimisation 交通/土地规 交通 土地规 划 Transport / land use Planning 交通网络规划 Transport network plan 交通通道规划 Transport corridor plan TOD Property Station property opportunities 物业设计 property master plan Property design TOD/城市设计 商业/零售设计 TOD/ Urban Design 车站物业机会 物业 物业总体规划 Commercial / retail plan 车站规划 Station planning 车站设计布局 Station design layout 铁路营运 铁路/车站设计 铁路 车站设计 初步路线调查工程 Railway operations Railway / Station Design Preliminary Route Investigation Engineering 对应工程 工程设计 Engineering design Alignment engineering 财务策略 投资研究 Financing Strategy 对盈利的正面影响 Positive Impact on Profit 主要 Main 部分 Some 少量 Little 初步商务研究 全面商务研究 Case for Investment Outline business case Full business case 物业 Property 商业 Retail 广告 Advertising 车费 Fare box 施工成本 Constr. cost
  • TOD提供公民便利 – 伯明翰新街车站 提供公民便利 TOD provides civic benefits – Birmingham New Street Station 旧貌 Old 新貌 New 于英国伯明翰,阿特金斯进行新街车站的重建发展,以TOD为行人流线经过市中心的催 化剂,同时促进南面的城市再生。 In Birmingham (UK), Atkins’ redevelopment of New Street station as a TOD is promoting movement of pedestrians through the centre of the city, and also acting as a catalyst for urban regeneration to the South
  • TOD提供公民便利 – 伯明翰新街车站 提供公民便利 TOD provides civic benefits – Birmingham New Street Station 这是欧洲最大的翻新项目,建设创新的交通换乘站,是 汇聚点,具有吸引力的好去处,是城市中心。 This refurbishment project (the largest in Europe) creates an innovative transport interchange, a place to meet, and a destination at the heart of the city.
  • TOD提供社会便利 – 中国北京苹果园 提供社会便利 TOD provides social benefits – Pingouyuan, Beijing, China 理解乘客流动是TOD商业零 售规划的成功要素 Understanding passenger movement is a key part of the success of TOD retail and commercial planning 这项TOD设计能够与邻近地块提供良好安全的连接,政府当局大力支持,因能够为土地 增值,及将原先的工业用地,成为城市再生的催化剂。 In providing good, safe connections to adjacent plots, this TOD is supported by the government as it increases the value of land and acts a catalyst for urban generation in this previously industrial area.
  • TOD解决与改善交通服务 解决与改善交通服务 TOD resolves and improves transport services 于重庆的TOD项目,在地下空间重新提供大型 的公交车站,改善交通服务,减缓交通挤塞, 及为零售区带动人流。 The re-provision of a large bus station in the basement of this TOD project in Chongqing (China) improved transport services, reduced congestion, and provided a flow of people through the retail areas
  • TOD解决与改善交通服务 解决与改善交通服务 TOD resolves and improves transport services 于项目的公交站上面设计了候车大堂(与伯明翰新街项目相似),乘客拥有改善环 境、配套及通道前往及穿过商场。 By designing a waiting ‘lounge’ above the bus station (similar to Birmingham New Street), passengers are provided with improved conditions, amenity and direct access to/through the retail mall.
  • TOD可以连接不同地块并提供安全的行人流线 可以连接不同地块并提供安全的行人流线 TOD can connect different sites and provide safe pedestrian movement 阿特金斯于贵州的TOD项目,以商业环道连接项目的四 个地块,于繁忙的道路上空提供安全方便的行人流线来 往车站。 For Atkins’ TOD design in Guizhou (China), all four parts of the project are connected by a retail ‘ring’, which provides safe and convenient pedestrian movement to/from the station, and above the busy road intersection.
  • TOD可以连接不同地块并提供安全的行人流线 可以连接不同地块并提供安全的行人流线 TOD can connect different sites and provide safe pedestrian movement 环道是商业天桥,增加发展商产生收入的方式,同时给市民及发展项目和邻近地块的住 户创造有趣热闹又安全的空间。 The ‘ring’ is a retail bridge, increasing the developers ability to generate revenue, and creating an exciting, vibrant and safe environment for the public and residents of the towers and adjacent developments.
  • 交通规划及乘客流线分析 Transport planning and passenger movement analysis 阿特金斯利用计算机模拟预测交通项目中的行人流线,例如这个位于挪威的项目,并识 别出可能堵塞、拥挤或欠缺效率的设计…… Atkins use computer modeling to predict the movement of people through transport projects, like this one in Norway, and identify possible congestion, overcrowding or inefficient design….
  • 交通规划及乘客流线分析 Transport planning and passenger movement analysis High Low Visual Connections ……另有其他软件能根据可视度,预测行人于城市中及各大 厦之间的流动。(行人会前往他们能够看到的地点。)这是 英国利兹的「热地图」,高可视度的地区以红色显示。 …but other programs can predict how people will move through cities, and individual buildings based on visibility. (i.e. people are likely to move to where/what they can see) This is a ‘heat map’ of Leeds (UK) showing highly visible areas in red. 13
  • 交通规划及乘客流线分析 Transport planning and passenger movement analysis 1 2 3 4 行人在城市可看到多远,随移动又可看 到什么?阿特金斯的计算机软件计算出 每一个地点的视觉通达度。 How far can a person see from in the city, and if they move what can they then see? This Atkins’ computer program determines the visual connectivity of a place. 14
  • 结合行人流线及价值 Combining people movement and value 结合行人流线的分析,以及土地用途及价 值,阿特金斯协助伦敦当局规划成功兼热 闹的街道…… By combining the analysis of people movement, with land-use and value, Atkins are helping London authorities in planning successful and vibrant streets…. 15
  • 结合行人流线及价值 Combining people movement and value ……而在美国华盛顿,阿特金斯识别了较 多行人经过的店铺,因此改善交通,创造 更宽广的商业成功机会。 …and in Washington DC (USA), Atkins are identifying which of the shops are more likely to have people walk past them, and therefore be able to improve circulation to create a wider opportunity for commercial success 16
  • 总结 Summary 1. 于开始时考虑TOD,最大化可持续发展; 2. 确认公共交通的价值以及综合网络; 3. 整全总体规划使公共交通的使用度增至 最大; 4. 车站的位置服务现有社区及促进未来增 长(包括城市重建); 5. 最大化连接度及鼓励和加强不同交通方 式之间的换乘; 6. 考虑水平及垂直流线。 1. Consider TOD at the beginning, to maximize sustainability 2. Recognize the value of public transport and integrate the network 3. Holistic masterplanning to maximise public transport use 4. Locate stations to serve existing communities and facilitate future growth (including urban re-generation) 5. Maximize connectivity and encourage and engage modal transfer 6. Think horizontally and vertically 17
  • 阿特金斯简介 Overview of Atkins • 欧洲最大设计及工程顾问 Europe’s largest design and engineering consultancy. • 全球两万高端技术人员 Worldwide 20,000 highly skilled staff. • 伦敦交易所上市 Listed on the London stock exchange. • 主要香港设计工作室 Key design studio in Hong Kong. • 北京上海及深圳大型设计工作室 Large design studios in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen. • 可持续低碳 设计 可持续低碳™设计 Pioneer in sustainable carbon critical ™ design. • 得奖设计建筑作品 Portfolio of award winning buildings. • 包括多幢世界知名建筑作品 including many of the world’s most prestigious buildings.