Sub-national innovation networks in India- an emerging scenario A.S.Rao, Adviser, Government Of India, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, [email_address] Regional Consultative Meeting on SIS 18-20 January 2006 Seoul
remained mostly tiny, technologically backward and lacking in competitive strength.
survived due to product and geographical market segmentation and policy protection.
hampered the growth of important sectors like light engineering and food processing. It has also stunted the exports of toys, textiles and leather: small enterprises are simply unable to supply large volumes of high-quality goods in time.
Collective invention, also called informal know-how trading, technology trading, information exchange, is a significant element of technological collaboration
Since the exchanged and generated knowledge consists of small advances with potentially large cumulative effects, both the costs and risks to member firms are less than through independent pursuit or formal collaboration.
About 1200 families engaged in the production of ethnic footwear under the generic name Kolhapuri. Due to lack of standardization and poor quality, the product was loosing market. CLRI developed 120 new designs and technology packages for quality assurance and product standardization. The improved product has gained export markets in Italy, Japan, Spain, USA.
NISTADS ( National Institute of Science, Technology and Development Studies, has set up a S&T field station at Bankura, west Bengal to upgrade technologies for artisans and craftsmen by blending the traditional with new technologies. A software package called MADHU (Modernisation of Artistic Design for Handloom Unit) was developed in collaboration with IIT, Kharagpur. This CAD software package facilitates computerized digitization of the pictures/ design produced by the artist/ designer. This package has been successfully demonstrated to designers and weavers of Banura. As a result a large number of craftsmen have adopted blending of this new technology to increase efficiency, quality, flexibility and cost effectiveness.