The public domain (as viewed by copyright traditionalists)
“ A public domain work is an orphan. No one is responsible for its life. But everyone exploits its use, until that time certain when it becomes soiled and haggard, barren of its previous virtues. Who, then, will invest the funds to renovate and nourish its future life when no one owns it?”
Photo by Matthew Bradley, via Flickr, licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND license.
Richard Stallman as “Saint IGNUtius”
Software as a Commons
Free Software Foundation’s logo, GNU
General Public License (GPL),
GNU: Four Freedoms
00 To run the program, for any purpose.
01 To study how the program works, and adapt it to your needs.
02 To redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor.
03 To improve the program, and release your improvements to the public, so that the whole community benefits.
The Great Copyright & Trademark Blowout Photo by Justin Gaurav Murgal, via Flicker, licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND license.
The Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act Author’s lifetime + 70 years For corporations, 95 years
Digital Millenium Copyright Act Trademark dilution & tarnishment Shrinkage in fair use rights … and a whole lotta bullying by copyright and trademark owners. Everything “born copyrighted”
Photo by Robert Scobie, via Flickr, licensed under a Creative Commons BY license.
How to make sharing legal on the Internet?
Six Basic CC Licenses Attribution Attribution Non-Commercial Attribution No Derivatives Attribution ShareAlike Attribution Non-Commercial ShareAlike Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives
“ The Great Value Shift” Explosion of highly efficient, user-driven value-creation on open platforms.
Socially created value is becoming a macro-economic and cultural force in its own right.
The commons is generative (no “tragedy of the commons”)
GNU Linux / free software remix music
wikis video mashups
collaborative websites social networking (Facebook)
blogosphere open access scholarly publishing
photosharing (Flickr) Craigslist
podcasting Internet Archive
Photo by Patrick H. Lauke, via Flickr, licensed under a Creative Commons BY-NC license. Cory Doctorow
Nine Inch Nails
1. The sharing economy goes global.
2. The rise of open business models.
3. The Open Educational Resources (OER) movement
4. The science commons
5. A new species of citizenship?
The Digital Citizen honors:
Freedom to participate
Talent & innovation
“ Freedom is participation in power.” --Cicero
The commons -- a new social metabolism in our cultural ecosystem for governance & law Image by Stanton F. Fink, via Wikipedia, CC BY license, version 2.5 http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Image%3ABanffia_confusa.jpg