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Schizophrenia 4
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Schizophrenia 4


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  • Amara
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    • 1.  Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects one’s ability to communicate, function in society, differentiate between reality and their delusions or hallucinations and can turn their lives upside down  It is caused by genetics, substance abuse, environmental changes and traumatic events and can drastically change one’s life  These causes must be combined in order to trigger the illness
    • 2.  When the illness has been triggered symptoms are categorized into positive and negative symptoms.  Positive symptoms are abnormal thoughts or behaviors such as delusions or hallucinations. Negative symptoms are normal emotions and behaviors that are reduced by schizophrenia such as lack of an emotional expression and impaired speech
    • 3.  Genetics leave one predisposed to schizophrenia  When a family member has schizophrenia, the other family members face the same risk I.e. First cousins share 12.5% of genes therefore if one has schizophrenia the others face a 2% chance of developing schizophrenia
    • 4.  Moving to an unfamiliar environment, like college, can trigger a schizophrenic outbreak  This is due to how much stress it can put on someone, as well as, them being nervous about being away from home
    • 5.  Embarrassing or traumatic events, like, peeing in their pants or sexual abuse can also lead to psychosis, the abnormal condition of the mind, or other symptoms of schizophrenia, such as, paranoia and hallucinations
    • 6.  If a woman gets a virus during pregnancy or has complications while giving birth, it can cause problems with brain development for the child, which is a factor that can lead to schizophrenia
    • 7.  One hypothesis states that an imbalance in neurotransmitters; dopamine, seretonin GABA and Glutamate can effect schizophrenia by increasing symptoms i.e. Increased dopamine levels can cause hallucinations  People with schizophrenia also have a smaller hippocampus, prefrontal cortex and abnormal development or poor function in these areas
    • 8.  Substance abuse is common for people with and even without schizophrenia  40-70% of people with schizophrenia abuse substances  The most common substances abused are alcohol, tobacco and cannabis  These substances can cause schizophrenia, worsen it and take people away from their symptoms
    • 9.  When one does not have schizophrenia, cannabis can bring out symptoms because it can cause hallucinations  When one has schizophrenia, it can worsen symptoms because it causes higher relapse rates, more frequent hospitalization periods and criminal behavior
    • 10.  For schizophrenic patients, substance abuse can free them from their symptoms  This gives them a more peaceful existence while enduring schizophrenias most painful symptoms
    • 11.  Symptoms of schizophrenia can take over a patients life  Symptoms can cause a patient to lose their job, friends and family  There are many positive and negative symptoms and some damaging ones include; delusions, hallucinations, alogia and flat affect
    • 12.  Positive symptoms, such as, Hallucinations and delusions can ruin a schizophrenia patients life  Hallucinations include such things as envisioning police cars and delusions include believing the government is out to get you  These delusions and hallucinations can take over your life by becoming all you can think about, making you neglect other aspects of your life, such as, relationships, work or school work
    • 13.  Other symptoms include trouble focusing on tasks and daydreaming which can cause loss of jobs and a drop in academic performance
    • 14.  Alogia and Flat affect are examples of negative symptoms  Alogia causes one to have impaired speech and flat affect causes a lack of an emotional expressions  Both of these symptoms can cause isolation and feeling removed from society due to not being able to respond to social cues
    • 15.  It is important for schizophrenic patients to get treatment  It can help schizophrenic patients rebuild their lives and survive in society
    • 16.  Treatment includes, medication, and different forms of therapy (Group, or one-on- one)  The best form of treatment is to pair therapy with medication  The goal of treatment is to rehabilitate those with schizophrenia by making them functional members of society (getting skills to get a job) and prevent relapses (keep them out of hospitals)
    • 17.  Schizophrenia is the most damaging mental illness  It is very important to take preventative measures to keep aware and away from things that cause schizophrenia especially if you are predisposed to it, as well as, seek proper treatment if you have the illness
    • 18.  Malchow, Berend, et al. "Cannabis Abuse And Brain Morphology In Schizophrenia: A Review Of The Available Evidence." European Archives Of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience 263.1 (2013): 3-13. Academic Search Premier. Web. 2 May 2014.  Ming T. Tsuang William S. Stone, Stephen V. Faraone, “Genes, Environment and Schizophrenia.” (1995) The case for heterogeneity in the etiology of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research. Web. 8 May 2014  Snyder, Kurt, Me, Myself and Them. (2007) Oxford University Press, Inc. 198 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10016