Vietnam

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Vietnam

  1. 1. BBA 2194 MAnAgeriAl eCOnOMiCS THE VIETNAM ECONOMY GROUP MEMBERS ::PRISCA GROUP MEMBERS PRISCA ::HANIM HANIM ::SHARMILA SHARMILA :: ASMIDAH ASMIDAH ::SURIANI SURIANI YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  2. 2. OVE RVIE W • • • • • • • • • • • Country profile Economic sector Labor market Labor force Unemployment rate Inflation rate International trade Balance of trade Government budget Interest rate Lending rate YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  3. 3. VIE NAM T YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  4. 4. INT RODUCT ION VIETNAM GOVERNMENT : Planned economy and market economy CAPITAL : Ha Noi GDP : $137.68 billion (2012 est) CURRENCY : DONG 4 YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  5. 5. P UL ION OP AT POPULATION o Vietnam Population is consisted of around 8.5 billion people (published by world bank in 2012) Major urban population oHo Chi Minh City : 7.162 Million oHa Noi : 6.448 Million oHai Phong : 1.837 Million YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  6. 6. P OP E AND SOCIE Y E L T YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  7. 7. P OP E AND SOCIE Y E L T YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  8. 8. P OP E AND SOCIE Y E L T YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  9. 9. P UL ION GROW H OP AT T 8.5 billion YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  10. 10. P UL ION GROW H OP AT T  The Population growth (annual %) in Vietnam was last reported at 1.04 in 2011, according to a World Bank report published in 2012.  Annual population growth rate for year t is the exponential rate of growth of midyear population from year t-1 to t, expressed as a percentage .  Population is based on the de facto definition of population, which counts all residents regardless of legal status or citizenship• ( except for refugees not permanently settled in the country of asylum, who are generally considered part of the population of the country of origin) YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  11. 11. GDP GROW H RAT T E 4.9% (2013 Q1) YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  12. 12. VIE NAM GDP P R CAP A T E IT $3,545 (PPP, 2012 est.) YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  13. 13. VIE NAM E T CONOM SE OR IC CT • Primary –Agriculture –Fishery –Forestry –Energy –Mining –Mineral • Secondary –Manufacturing & –Industry • Tertiary –Services & tourism YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  14. 14. VIE NAM L OR M T AB ARK T E YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  15. 15. L OUR F AB ORCE YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  16. 16. UNE P OYM NT RAT M L E E o 4.3% (2012 est.) o 3.6% (2011 est.)  Unemployment Rate in Vietnam increased to 2.06 percent in the third quarter of 2012 from 1.87 percent in the second quarter of 2012.  Unemployment Rate in Vietnam is reported by the General Statistics Office of Vietnam.  Historically, from 1998 until 2012, Vietnam Unemployment Rate averaged 2.56 Percent reaching an all time high of 4.50 Percent in December of 1998 and a record low of 1.87 Percent in June of 2012.  In Vietnam, the unemployment rate measures the number of people actively looking for a job as a percentage of the labour force. YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  17. 17. INF AT L ION RAT E YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  18. 18. INF AT L ION RAT E  The inflation rate in Vietnam was recorded at 6.36 percent in May of 2013.  Inflation Rate in Vietnam is reported by the General Statistics Office of Vietnam.  Historically, from 1996 until 2013, Vietnam Inflation Rate averaged 7.36 Percent reaching an all time high of 28.24 Percent in August of 2008 and a record low of -2.60 Percent in July of 2000.  In Vietnam, the inflation rate measures a broad rise or fall in prices that consumers pay for a standard basket of goods. YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  19. 19. INT RAT E IONAL T RADE YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  20. 20. INT RAT E IONAL T RADE YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  21. 21. B ANCE OF T AL RADE YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  22. 22. B ANCE OF T AL RADE  Vietnam recorded a trade deficit of 300 USD Million in March of 2013. Balance of Trade in Vietnam is reported by the General Statistics Office of Vietnam.  Historically, from 1990 until 2013, Vietnam Balance of Trade averaged -492.21 USD Million reaching an all time high of 1102 USD Million in July of 2011 and a record low of -3888 USD Million in December of 1996.  Vietnam exports mainly crude oil, textiles, seafood, rice, electronics and computers and rubber.  It's main exports partners are United States, Japan, China, Australia and Singapore.  Vietnam imports machinery tools and spare parts, petroleum, steel, fabrics and plastics.  Vietnam's main imports partners are China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Singapore. YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  23. 23. GOVE RNM NT B E UDGE T YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  24. 24. GOVE RNM NT B E UDGE T  Vietnam recorded a Government Budget deficit equal to 6.90 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2012.  Government Budget in Vietnam is reported by the Asian Development Bank.  Historically, from 1988 until 2012, Vietnam Government Budget averaged -3.62 Percent of GDP reaching an all time high of 1.30 Percent of GDP in December of 2006 and a record low of -9.90 Percent of GDP in December of 1988.  Government Budget is an itemized accounting of the payments received by government (taxes and other fees) and the payments made by government (purchases and transfer payments).  A budget deficit occurs when an government spends more money than it takes in. YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  25. 25. GOVE RNM NT DE T T GDP RAT E B O IO YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  26. 26. GOVE RNM NT DE T T GDP RAT E B O IO  Vietnam recorded a Government Debt to GDP of 37.30 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2012.  Government Debt To GDP in Vietnam is reported by the State Bank of Vietnam.  Historically, from 2001 until 2012, Vietnam Government Debt To GDP averaged 35.98 Percent reaching an all time high of 38.40 Percent in December of 2009 and a record low of 31.90 Percent in December of 2008.  Generally, Government debt as a percent of GDP is used by investors to measure a country ability to make future payments on its debt, thus affecting the country borrowing costs and government bond yields. YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  27. 27. VIE NAM INT RE RAT T E ST E YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  28. 28. VIE NAM INT RE RAT T E ST E  The benchmark interest rate in Vietnam was last recorded at 7 %.  Interest Rate in Vietnam is reported by the The State Bank of Vietnam.  Historically, from 2000 until 2013, Vietnam Interest Rate averaged 7.57% reaching an all time high of 15 % in February of 2012 and a record low of 4.80 % in August of 2000.  In Vietnam, interest rates decisions are taken by The State Bank of Vietnam.  The official interest rate is the Refinancing Rate. YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  29. 29. VIE NAM L NDING RAT T E E YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  30. 30. VIE NAM L NDING RAT T E E  The Lending interest rate (%) in Vietnam was last reported at 16.95 in 2011, according to a World Bank report published in 2012.  Lending interest rate is the rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers. YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  31. 31. SOURCE YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE
  32. 32. For your attention YOUR FUTURE BEGINS HERE

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