The Matrix (1999)


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The Matrix (1999)

  1. 1. The Matrix 1999 Directors: Andy Wachowski, Lana Wachowski Writers: Andy Wachowski, Lana WachowskiStars: Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne and Carrie-Anne Moss
  2. 2. Analysis of The conversation between Morpheus and Smith, TheBattle between the humans and the machines. “Human beings are a disease, a cancer of this planet”Cross cutting with Neo and Trinity trying to save Morpheus,testing Neo‟s powers and the length he will go to save Morpheus.
  3. 3. Semiotic Analysis
  4. 4. Semiotics and Structuralism• The war between man and machines.• Humans compared to a virus.• The five black marks: Signifier and Signified (Ferdinand De Saussure, The Theory of Semiotics, Umberto Eco, 1977)• The Wachowski brothers incorporate many signs and symbols into the movie, relating to Christianity, Greek mythology and Marxism.
  5. 5. The Matrix compared to the Bible – BiblicalSemiotic Theory.Alice In WonderlandThe Matrix and Marxism (Karl Marx)Bourgeois vs. ProletarianUpper Class/Agents vs. Workingclass/Humans (Mythologies, Roland Barthes,1972)
  6. 6. Formal Textual Analysis
  7. 7. Morpheus‟ body language and mouth bleeding presuming his been beaten, bodylanguage showing his weak on the other hand Agent Smith. When reading a closeanalysis on both actors Morpheus is the stronger heroic protagonist whereas AgentSmith is the antagonist. This is established to us through the use of sweat to suggest hisstruggle in resistance to tell agent Smith where „Zion‟ is.„Mr Smith‟ use of costume shows he is dominant in this clip. The formality representedthrough wearing suits establishes to the spectators that perhaps Agent Smith who is amachine is a representation of the working class, e.g. Lawyers, businessmen andteachers. Whereas Morpheus who is wearing an unbuttoned shirt and bleeding whilsttied back on a chair represents the free human being who has a choice.•Could be implying working class are machines because they are caught in a system infollowing orders like them.•The lack of colour and individuality throughout my analysis e.g. worn by Agents andunplugged humans from the matrix show there is a loss of identity and thereforedehumanized.•Dim lighting is used to connote mood and atmosphere in this case use to suggest thereal world is dull, grey and lifeless AND also in the Matrix
  8. 8. •Dialogue•„Human beings are a dieses and we are the cure‟ said by agent smithestablishes his believe that human beings are a virus. By doing this thespectators then identify with Morpheus and sympathise him.„I think they are trying to save him‟ said by an Agent is a surprised mannerfulfils expectations of both Morpheus‟ believe….. Neo „The One‟ andaudience‟s expectations to wither Morpheus will be saved.•Sound effect•When Mr Smith leans in and says „there is another orgasm on this planetthat follows the same pattern‟ a screeching sound effect is added in thebackground establish that something is about to happen. As Mr Smithcontinued with his speech the screeching increased in volume which leads tobuilds tension and anticipation on the spectators.•Non-diegetic sound•The non-diegetic sound used in the fight sequence glamorises the violenceyet makes it enjoyable because we identify with the winning side (neo andtrinity)
  9. 9. •Close-up and Tilt•The close up of Neo‟s feet as he enters the building is positioning thespectators in the sincerity guard‟s point of view which creates a terrifyingatmosphere.•As the camera tilts up to Neo‟s face we are relived because we identifywith the protagonist. Editing: •Paste •Slow paste and long takes as Mr Smith talks down to Morpheus, however this speeds up as we cut away to the rescue team. •Rhythmic editing •Rhythmic editing is a key technique used when Neo and Trinity are saving Morpheus. The significance of this is to create tension but also to engage the spectators in the action.
  10. 10. Main Characters:•Morpheus (Laurence Fishburne) is the God of sleep and dreams in Greek mythology. Hecontributes to the narrative by finding the „The One‟ with the help of Trinity (Carrie-Anne Moss).Morpheus is significant in guiding Neo (Keanu Reeves) in defeating the machines and all powerfulAgent Smith (Hugo Weaving).Explicit Message:•Playing with the concept of the „REAL‟ and „REEL‟. What‟s real the machines or the humanbeings.•The spectators are engaged in an intellectual level when watching „The Matrix‟ because they arerequired to watch actively and not passively in order to keep up with the narrative.•„The Matrix‟ is a factory that uses „unplugged‟ humans to generate it.•„Human beings are dieses, a virus and we are the cure‟ said by agent Smith creates an irony. Theartificial intelligence trying to destroy mankind yet saying mankind are the dieses and virusbecause they adapt, multiply in different environments and destroy every living organism. Whenactually it‟s the other way around.Implicit Message:•Technology is out of control and manipulates human beings who Intended Meaning:believe they are its master. •good triumphs over evil•The film approaches to what extend do we use technology and if •ordinary peoplethere will be a future for mankind due to the constant growth of new becoming superheroesand advanced technology. •love concurring all•The implicit message of „The Matrix‟ evokes the paranoia in •human spiritAmerica in the 1950‟s of communism.
  11. 11. Similar Movies:•There are two other futuristic thrillerswith aspects of science fiction, action andadventure around the time of „TheMatrix‟.•ExistenZ by Canadian film maker DavidCronenberg (1999)•Shows psychological statement of howhumans react and interact withtechnologies. In this case video games.•Terminator 3: rise of the Machines byJonathan Mostow (2003)•Is about a young boy being hunted bynew technology machines but is savedand helped by old technology machines(Arnold Schwarzenegger) both from thefuture. Here there is a collision betweentechnologies.•Advanced technologies could be adanger in the future, a world like „TheMatrix‟
  12. 12. BibliographyBooks:Film, Form and culture (secondedition) Robert KolkerFilm Art (sixth edition) DavidBordwell and Kristin ThompsonFilms:ExistenZ (1999) DavidCronenbergTerminator 3: Rise of theMachines (2003) JonathanMostow
  13. 13. Ideological Analysis
  14. 14. • In the Matrix there‟s an idealism which is a belief that the material worldis an illusion created by ideal forms.•Marxist theorist Luis Althusser says that ideology is made and passed bythe ruling class (the bourgeoisie) and the proletariats think these ideologiesare real.•These ideologies are passed down using ideological state apparatuses.
  15. 15. The machines:•They‟re like the bourgeoisie in the society we live in.•Made by humans butare intelligent enough to rule the humans.•The bourgeoisie are clever humans that use other humans for labour•The machines keep humans in a delusional world to keep them captive and docile.•Dormant humans are plugged to the Matrix in which information of the delusionalworld is sent.•The machines feed on humans to power up themselves and the MatrixMorpheus, Neo and Trinity:•Fight against the machines to gain freedom after they‟vebeen freed from theMatrix.•This is the equivalent to someone “opening their eyes” andrealising the truth andthe inequality in our capitalist society.•Peter Joseph and „Zeitgeist: the movie‟ are an example ofpeople that go against thecapital system.The Agents:• They would simply be the police, C.I.A or the law in oursociety that eliminatesanyone that knows too much and is threating thecapitalist system.
  16. 16. Humans are a virus•Agent Smith compares human to avirus because of our bad humancharacteristics.•We‟re the cure à machines want toenslave humanity for eternity.•Karl Marx says conflict is causebecause materialistic things but acommunist state would solve that•However, that idea isn‟t convenientfor the bourgeoisie.•This can be applied to The Matrixbecause the machines want to keepruling and want to get rid of therebellious ones.
  17. 17. In conclusion:•The film “The Matrix” reflects the society we live in and the ideas of KarlMarx and Luis Althusser.••It looks at human sacrifice and the delusional world that they think theylive in. This is trying to reflect the modern invisible slavery of theproletariats and how materialistic things keep them from rebelling.•Humans are a virus because they consume resources and spread. Thesolution that the machines have is to keep the humans plugged to the Matrixso the machines can rule and use humans to keep the Matrix programmegoing.
  18. 18. Bibliography•Terry Eagketon, Ideology: An introduction (1994)•David Hawkes, Ideology (1964)•Philip Rosen, Narrative, apparatus, ideology: a film theory reader (1986)
  19. 19. Industrial Analysis
  20. 20. Warner Brothers (established in 1918)Global leaders of Creation, Production,Distribution, Licensing and Marketing
  21. 21. The directors reason for not commenting on the film:“you make a work of art and you want it to be provocative you want people to dialog about it” “ I don‟t want the spectators to rely on me telling them what it is. The nature of the movie is to pursue it your self”
  22. 22. Bullet Time effect“Bullet time is a stylistic way of showing thatyou’re in a constructed reality and that timeand space are not the same as you know, ustoday living our lives. It’s slowing down time,to such am extend that you really seeeverything around you as clearly as youpossible could.” (John Gaeta)
  23. 23. Green Screen Green Screen is a very popular digital video effect because it lets your imagination rule your video production, not your budget or location restraints.Green Screen is also known as Chrome Key:Chroma means colour.In video, key means to put one image on top of another.Chroma key means you remove any one colour from yourimage and replace it with any image you want.
  24. 24. Computer Generated ImageryIt‟s one of the most outstandingcomputer generated imagery techniquesout there: motion capture. Motioncapture is being used in many movies. It has the technique of copying (capturing) human movements and transforming them into realistic computer simulations.
  25. 25. Psychoanalysis
  26. 26. What is psychoanalysis Theory of the mind, from the work of Sigmund Freud. Exploring in to the unconscious mind. ID internal drives Thanatosand Libido Sex drive Super ego Ego (Freud p.43)
  27. 27. Agent Smith(Lacan p.75)TransferenceAgent Smith on ZionRacial connotationsMorpheus being theOther.
  28. 28. Trinity imageLacanian Desires tobe as good a manGive the girl a gun(give the woman apenis)Power
  29. 29. Bibliography:Adam Curtis takes a statement fromBernay the re-nound Public relationsambassador for the smoking campaign inthe USA “give the woman a penis”"The Century of the Self" (2002) (TVmini-series)aka "Century of Self" - USA (DVD title)"The Century of the Self“ (2002) (TVmini-series)aka "Century of Self" - USA (DVD title)Philip Hill, Lacan for beginners, Rightersand Readers Publisher: London, 1997Zion Anti Slavery [20th february 2010].Richard, Appignanesi, Freud for begginers,Pantheronbooks: USA 1979
  30. 30. Presented to you by: SARA KARIMI Special thanks to: David Ingram Xavier Mendik Sean Harrington