A patient advocate is an advocate of client’s rights. According to Disparti (1988), advocacy involves promoting what is best for the client, ensuring that the client’s needs are met, and protecting the client’s rights. Social advocacy entails advocating on behalf of a population or a community to effect positive change. Nurses engaged in this form of advocacy can create healthy environments through political action, community education, and involvement in professional organizations.
Nurse as a councilor focuses on helping the person develop new attitudes, feelings, and behaviors rather than on promoting intellectual growth. The nurse encourages the client to look at alternative behaviors, recognizes the choices, and develop a sense of control. Counseling can be provided on a one-to-one basis or in groups. Often nurses lead group counseling sessions. The nurse may be a leader, member, or resource person in any self-help group in which the nurse may assume the role of structuring activities and fostering a climate conductive to group interaction and productive work. Obviously, counseling requires therapeutic communication skills. In addition, the nurse must be a skilled leader able to analyze a situation, synthesize information and experiences, and evaluate the progress and productivity of the individual or group. The nurse must also be willing to model and teach desired behaviors, to be sincere when caring in the welfare of the others.
At a client level, nursing leadership is defined as a mutual process of interpersonal influence through which the nurse helps a client make decisions in establishing and achieving goals to improve the client’s well-being. The purposes of leadership vary according to the level of application and include (a) improving the health status and potential of individuals or families, (b) increasing the effectiveness and level of satisfaction among professional colleagues providing care, and (c) raising citizens’ and legislators’ attitudes toward and expectations of the nursing profession.
As a manager , nurse manages the nursing care of individuals, groups, families, and communities. The nurse-manager also delegates nursing activities to ancillary workers and other nurses and supervises and evaluates their performance. In addition, the nurse uses principles of management and leadership was functioning as a case manager. Case management involves coordination among disciplines and with ancillary personnel to deliver care to the client in the most appropriate setting and in a cost-efficient matter.
Importance of Nursing Care By Ms.Asma Naveed Head Of Nursing Imam Clinic 21st November 2012
Objectives:By the end the audience will be able to: Know the background of Nursing Profession Importance of Nursing care Discuss the functioning of a nurse Identify various roles of a nurse
Healthcare Team Members Physicians Nurses Physician Assistant Nursing Assistant Therapists and Technicians Pharmacist Nutritionist/Dietitian Case Manager/Social Worker Unit Secretary
Historical Perspective Florence Nightingale, the lady with the lamp, who cared for soldiers in the Crimean War and changed the status of nurses in the 19th century.
Requirements to Practice AsNurseA nurse must :1. have a license to practice nursing in the country 2. be physically & mentally fit
Definition of Nursing (ICN) Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families, groups and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion of a safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health systems management, and education are also key nursing roles.
Why nursing care is necessary in medicine? The most important factor in hospitalization and recovery of patient without complications is Nursing , because Nursing creates caring environment which helps to increase the speed of recovery makes the patient more comfortable. Nursing care provides a therapeutic environment "Nursing care has to put the patient in the best position of nature to act upon him.“ FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE
Nursing care Nursing care directing patient care and maintaining a healthy environment. Its significance to medicine can be more explain by this saying of FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE"Nursing is an art, and it requires an exclusive devotion and It is one of the Fine Arts;.”
What could be achieve throughnursing care? Patient Satisfaction-- Good customer service Decrease Hospital stay Treat patients like family Healthcare is a business
Functioning levels of a Nurse Independent Dependent Interdependent
Independent nursing action Nursing action carried out at the instruction or order of a nurse. Action within the legal scope of nsg. independent domain.
Dependent nursing action Nursing action carried out at the instruction of an authorized health care professional other than a nurse.(Physician or Consultant )
Interdependent nursing action Nursing action performed by the nurse in collaboration with other members of the health care team.
Clinical Decision Making Utilizes critical thinking skills and the nursing process Nursing Process: Assessment, Diagnosis, Planning, Implementation, Evaluation
Rehabilitator Role Assist client to return to optimal level of functioning Nurse helps client to adapt physically and emotionally to changes in lifestyle, body image
Communicator Role Role is central to all other roles Involves communication with client, family, healthcare team members, resource people, and the community Without clear, concise communication it will be difficult to give effective care
…Communicator The use of effective interpersonal and therapeutic communication skills to establish and maintain helping relationships with patients of all ages in a wide variety of healthcare settings.
Teacher/Educator Role Explains concepts and facts about health, demonstrates procedures, reinforces learning, determines understanding, and evaluates progress of learning Unplanned or informal education Planned or formal education
…Educator The use of communication skills to: assess implement evaluate individualized teaching plans to meet learning needs of patients and their families.
…Counselor The use of therapeutic interpersonal communication skills > to provide information make appropriate referrals facilitate the patients problem-solving and decision making skills.