Structuring BIMs for   IFC and COBie     Robert A. Feldman, PhDGregory R. Williams, AIA, LEED AP  Kristine Fallon Associat...
Acknowledgements The research presented here was funded by:         US Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Devel...
Objectives1. Define COBie and explain how it is used on projects.2. Discuss the importance of information standardization....
What is COBie?• Construction Operations Building Information Exchange• COBie is based on the IFC Model View Definition for...
COBie Information Responsibility• Phased delivery of project documentation• Capture the information when it is created    ...
COBie Total CoverageSource: ERDC
Objectives of ERDC Project• Develop, document, and create three consistent  baseline building information models with spec...
The ERDC Report  http://buildingsmartalliance.org/index.php/projects/commonbimfiles/
Successful Information Transfer                Requires Standards“Key to the ability to exchange intelligent building info...
Successful Information Transfer           Requires Standards• Not just formats!• Common schema• Content to be transferred•...
Methodology•   Use IFC Data Model as the schema•   Develop Common Object Library•   Create Models•   Export to IFC•   Conv...
Model Development• Create and use a Common Object Library• Develop models to the “Coordinated Design”  or “60% Design” pha...
Project Tools• Software – Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 – Autodesk Revit MEP 2011 – BIMServices (AEC3 UK Ltd) v2010-12-...
Common Object Library• Define consistent objects for use in multiple  models• Include common properties needed to  produce...
Common Object Library• 56 Revit System Families• 103 Component Families –87 Standard Revit Library –11 Autodesk Seek –3 Cu...
The Models• 3 Building Models: –Duplex Apartment –Office –Clinic        http://buildingsmartalliance.org/      index.php/p...
Getting from Model to COBie• Each vendor creates one IFC translator that  can serve multiple downstream programs          ...
Getting from Model to COBie• Each vendor must create a separate Revit  translator for each transfer                  GSA  ...
Revit-IFC-COBie Data Transfer• Revit IFC export and BIMServices will populate  these COBie tabs (8 of the 10 GSA-required ...
Revit-COBie Data Transfer• Revit COBie2 Add-in can populate 5 COBie tabs• Requires manually copying information from Revit...
Limitations of the Revit-IFC Approach• Revit export categories are broader than IFC types• Many Revit objects did not expo...
BIMServices Limitations• Duplication of some data by BIMServices –Values in 10 fields on 5 tabs duplicated –Manually edite...
Why are Organizations Using COBie?The General Services Administration (GSA) has incorporatedIFC and COBie requirements int...
GSA’s BIM Guide for Facility Management The GSA’s BIM Guide for Facility Management (FM) provides the structure to address...
Summary• Properly structured BIMs are needed to achieve usable output• COBie is based on the IFC Model View Definition for...
Q and A                        Thank You!• For more information on topics discussed during this  presentation, check out t...
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  1. 1. Structuring BIMs for IFC and COBie Robert A. Feldman, PhDGregory R. Williams, AIA, LEED AP Kristine Fallon Associates, Inc. February 23, 2012
  2. 2. Acknowledgements The research presented here was funded by: US Army Corps of Engineers Engineer Research and Development CenterConstruction Engineering Research Laboratory Champaign, Illinois
  3. 3. Objectives1. Define COBie and explain how it is used on projects.2. Discuss the importance of information standardization.3. Review process for extracting COBie data from a Building Information Model.4. Identify limitations of current software packages used in this workflow.5. Discuss how and why COBie and IFC are being utilized by the GSA.
  4. 4. What is COBie?• Construction Operations Building Information Exchange• COBie is based on the IFC Model View Definition for Facilities Management Handover• COBies focus is on delivering building information for facilities management, not geometric modeling• In simplified terms, COBie is IFC in the form of an Excel spreadsheet
  5. 5. COBie Information Responsibility• Phased delivery of project documentation• Capture the information when it is created Source: ERDC
  6. 6. COBie Total CoverageSource: ERDC
  7. 7. Objectives of ERDC Project• Develop, document, and create three consistent baseline building information models with specific architectural, structural, plumbing, electrical, heating and ventilating information• Document the methodology used to create these models and the IFC/COBie output to assist others in meeting contractual requirements
  8. 8. The ERDC Report http://buildingsmartalliance.org/index.php/projects/commonbimfiles/
  9. 9. Successful Information Transfer Requires Standards“Key to the ability to exchange intelligent building information across systemboundaries is agreement on the types, hierarchy and content of the data objectsthat make up the building model.”Source: General Buildings Information Handover Guide: Principles, Methodology, Case Studies (NISTIR 7417)
  10. 10. Successful Information Transfer Requires Standards• Not just formats!• Common schema• Content to be transferred• Properties (attributes) to be included –Which properties are needed –Naming standards for those properties
  11. 11. Methodology• Use IFC Data Model as the schema• Develop Common Object Library• Create Models• Export to IFC• Convert IFC to COBie Spreadsheet
  12. 12. Model Development• Create and use a Common Object Library• Develop models to the “Coordinated Design” or “60% Design” phase –Show details typical of ¼” = 1’ scaled drawings –Include the following disciplines: • Architectural • Structural • Mechanical • Plumbing • Fire Protection • Electrical
  13. 13. Project Tools• Software – Autodesk Revit Architecture 2011 – Autodesk Revit MEP 2011 – BIMServices (AEC3 UK Ltd) v2010-12-28 with _asCOBIE2.xml.xsl dated 2011-04-06• Building Components (Common Object Library) – Use standard Revit content as much as possible – Add additional parameters as shared project parameters
  14. 14. Common Object Library• Define consistent objects for use in multiple models• Include common properties needed to produce IFC and COBie deliverables –Add properties (Shared Parameters in Revit) –Standardize property naming based on IFC and COBie terminology
  15. 15. Common Object Library• 56 Revit System Families• 103 Component Families –87 Standard Revit Library –11 Autodesk Seek –3 Custom• Revit shared parameter file http://buildingsmartalliance.org/ index.php/projects/commonbimfiles/
  16. 16. The Models• 3 Building Models: –Duplex Apartment –Office –Clinic http://buildingsmartalliance.org/ index.php/projects/commonbimfiles/
  17. 17. Getting from Model to COBie• Each vendor creates one IFC translator that can serve multiple downstream programs GSA Validation Revit COBie IFC Maximo MIMS Energy Analysis
  18. 18. Getting from Model to COBie• Each vendor must create a separate Revit translator for each transfer GSA Validation IFC COBie Revit Maximo MIMS Energy Analysis
  19. 19. Revit-IFC-COBie Data Transfer• Revit IFC export and BIMServices will populate these COBie tabs (8 of the 10 GSA-required tabs): –Facility –Floor –Space –Type –Component –Attribute –(Zone and System information export as attribute data)
  20. 20. Revit-COBie Data Transfer• Revit COBie2 Add-in can populate 5 COBie tabs• Requires manually copying information from Revit schedules to COBie spreadsheets• COBie properties in Revit are not given standard COBie names
  21. 21. Limitations of the Revit-IFC Approach• Revit export categories are broader than IFC types• Many Revit objects did not export properly unless their export category was changed or specified in special parameters – IfcExportAs and IfcExportType parameters had to be added to 31 of the 103 component families – Export category names for Cable Trays and Conduits had to be changed to match IFC categories – Revit Generic Models and Specialty Equipment categories were changed to other categories in order to translate properly• Non-standard component naming: M_Single-Flush:1250mm x 2010mm:1250mm x 2010mm:146678
  22. 22. BIMServices Limitations• Duplication of some data by BIMServices –Values in 10 fields on 5 tabs duplicated –Manually edited to correct the published files• IFC files larger than 25MB cause “Out of Memory” errors –Model must be partitioned into smaller sections, breaking up MEP systems, which results in the loss of information• The new COBie plug-in for the open-source BIM Server (bimserver.org) works better
  23. 23. Why are Organizations Using COBie?The General Services Administration (GSA) has incorporatedIFC and COBie requirements into their latest BIM guidelines. • The GSA is the largest property owner in the US – 362 million rentable SF • A study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST ) discovered that large sums of money was being wasted looking for, validating, and recreating facility information that should have been readily available. • COBie provides an open standard format for capturing project data when its generated and minimizes information exchange loss and cost typically associated with physical handover of paper documentation.
  24. 24. GSA’s BIM Guide for Facility Management The GSA’s BIM Guide for Facility Management (FM) provides the structure to address organizing and tracking information through all phases of a facility’s lifecycle. • Identifies the work processes and information requirements. • Evaluates methods for capturing and recording information updates. • Defines the scope of information that should be included or updated in the record BIM • Defines technology requirements for accessing and updating BIMs
  25. 25. Summary• Properly structured BIMs are needed to achieve usable output• COBie is based on the IFC Model View Definition for Facilities Management Handover, so IFC output from BIM authoring tools easily converts to COBie spreadsheets• Since IFC deliverables will be required by GSA and the IFC file can be used for multiple purposes, direct conversions from a BIM application to COBie are not a good long-term strategy• Current state of the technology has limitations – Need consistently structured BIM content, including standardized element property sets – Need better IFC export• COBie provides framework for standardizing information for the lifecycle of a project
  26. 26. Q and A Thank You!• For more information on topics discussed during this presentation, check out the following links: •Experimental BIM Report: http://buildingsmartalliance.org/ index.php/projects/commonbimfiles/ •COBie : http://www.wbdg.org/resources/cobie.php • IFC: http://buildingsmart-tech.org/specifications/ifc- overview/?searchterm=ifc •BIM Services: http://www.aec3.com/en/index.htm •BIM Server: http://bimserver.org/ •BIM Server COBie Translator: http://buildingsmartalliance.org/ index.php/projects/commonbimfiles/ •GSA BIM Guide Series: http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/21062

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