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Amy Benson Evolving Web, Evolving Library
Agenda <ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Libr...
Mobility Connectivity Contribution Community Personalization Technology
Evolving Landscape <ul><li>Personalization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal identity and environment accessed from anywhere ...
The Web World <ul><li>User participation in basic Internet services such as searching and e-mail is almost universal </li>...
 
Connectivity - Broadband <ul><li>Broadband supports active participation in the online community, bringing together people...
 
Web as Platform - Google Docs
A Richer User Experience <ul><li>Dynamic applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more click and wait for screen refresh </li...
Google Maps
Connectivity - Cell Phone/Mobile <ul><li>262.7 million wireless subscribers in the U.S. as of June 2008 – 84% of the popul...
Don’t Call it a Phone <ul><li>Within 5 years “mobiles” will replace the PC as the world’s access to the Web </li></ul><ul>...
Mobility / Connectivity / Community
Self Service <ul><li>Web 2.0 is all about empowering individual users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate barriers </li></ul><...
Pandora.com “ Sit back, relax, and enjoy the music, that’s the point”
Rollyo – Customized Search Engine
Rollyo Searchrolls
Community <ul><li>Connecting </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating </li></ul><ul><li>Participating </l...
 
iTunes – Guiding Users to Content
Participation <ul><li>Low barriers to participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of free tools: Blogger, PB Wiki, Au...
But what does this have to do  with my library?
Expectations 2.0 <ul><li>Library user expectations are driven by experiences and technology available on the commercial We...
23 Things <ul><li>Blogs and blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Social software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delicious </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Blogosphere <ul><li>Free and easy-to-use tools reduce barriers to participation </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can have a voice ...
Global Snapshot of Bloggers  Source: technorati.com
How Are Libraries Using Blogs? <ul><li>Blogs are, in practice, communities of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Post up-to-date i...
 
 
 
Has the Blog Craze Peaked? <ul><li>Blogs, to use the words of one 19 year old contact are&quot;so, so yesterday and all my...
The End of a Blog
Microblogs or Tumblelogs <ul><li>People have noticed a movement among bloggers to Twitter, or other similar services, call...
RSS <ul><li>Really Simple Syndication (RSS) </li></ul><ul><li>RSS Readers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tool to help control the...
Feeds
Google Reader
Firefox Live Bookmarks
Australian National University
 
Wikis <ul><li>Hawaiian word for &quot;fast&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Tool for collaborative resource creation via the Web  <...
Wiki versus Blog <ul><li>wiki is… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multi-page resource </li>...
The Most Famous Wiki of All <ul><li>Goal: “…to put the sum of all human knowledge in the form of an encyclopedia in the ha...
 
How Can a Library use Wikis? <ul><li>Internal policy formation/dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Local topic wikipedia </li>...
Butler University Reference Wiki http://butlerreference.pbwiki.com/
http:// www.libsuccess.org
Podcasting <ul><li>Audio and video content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video blogs are sometimes called vblogs or vlogs </li></u...
Glasgow University Library <ul><li>Fresher’s Podcast </li></ul><ul><li>Law Podcast  </li></ul><ul><li>Guide Podcast </li><...
University of Aberdeen
Social Networks <ul><li>Online communities </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting with other people in a variety of ways for a varie...
MySpace Page
Boston Regional Library System
Facebook
 
Social Networking As of November 1, 2008
 
 
 
Virtual Worlds <ul><li>A virtual 3D Web world you can walk through </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interact with others in a virtual...
3D Online Gaming <ul><li>Massively Multiplayer Online Games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World of Warcraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Second Life <ul><li>Second Life is a 3D virtual world entirely built and owned by its residents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open...
Second Life
Events in Second Life
You’re Invited
Cataloging by Committee <ul><li>Folksonomies - metadata by the people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsystematic and often unsophi...
 
 
 
Aggregated Data <ul><li>Large quantities of data provide valuable information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data mining </li></ul>...
 
University of Pennsylvania – Penn Tags
University of Pennsylvania – Penn Tags
OPAC 2.0 <ul><li>OPACs contain valuable data in MARC </li></ul><ul><li>ILS systems are a little out of step with today’s w...
 
 
University of Chicago
Boston College – Finding Aid
VuFind – Integrating Data Sources
 
WorldCat Local
Mobile Library Catalogs
Share the Data <ul><li>Unlock data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create standards-based, shareable data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li...
Gmaps Pedometer
Who is Sick?
xISBN <ul><li>The same work is often available in a variety of editions, all with different ISBNs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Se...
Library Lookup
 
What’s Ahead?
The Cloud <ul><li>Cloud computing is Internet-based development and use of computer technology </li></ul><ul><li>IT-relate...
Semantic Web <ul><li>Term coined by Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of Web 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Markup/attach metadata to all k...
Library 2.0 <ul><li>Consider the library and its role in the information landscape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-service </li...
I’m am 1.0 going on 2.0 <ul><li>Library 2.0 is an means to an end </li></ul><ul><li>It’s about service to our patrons, who...
Thank you!
Amy Benson Librarian /Archivist for Digital Projects Schlesinger Library  Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study  Harvard ...
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Evolving Web, Evolving Library - Maastricht - November 10, 2008

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  • Transcript of "Evolving Web, Evolving Library - Maastricht - November 10, 2008"

    1. 1. Amy Benson Evolving Web, Evolving Library
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Library 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What’s next? </li></ul>
    3. 3. Mobility Connectivity Contribution Community Personalization Technology
    4. 4. Evolving Landscape <ul><li>Personalization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal identity and environment accessed from anywhere </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contribution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content creation and contribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rating, reviewing, tagging, commenting, mixing and mashing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharing, networking, collaborating </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access anywhere, anytime with mobile devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More smaller, faster, cheaper </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The Web World <ul><li>User participation in basic Internet services such as searching and e-mail is almost universal </li></ul><ul><li>Commonplace activities such as e-mail, maps and directions, booking flights, finding recipes, browsing health care sites, banking – tasks that used to require assistance </li></ul><ul><li>People are not online only to accomplish specific tasks such as those mentioned above - users “hang out” online and increasingly spend time participating in social networks </li></ul><ul><li>Five online social spaces are in the Alexa top ten global Web sites, including Facebook, Wikipedia, and YouTube (source Alexa.com) </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube had over 5 billion visitors in July 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Americans watched 558 million hours of online video during the month </li></ul></ul>
    6. 7. Connectivity - Broadband <ul><li>Broadband supports active participation in the online community, bringing together people with shared interests or problems to chat or collaborate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadband users spend on average 33% more time online than dial up users and report better outcomes from their Internet use (Nielsen/NetRatings) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadband users are far more likely than dial-up internet users to create or post content to the internet - have a blog, post photos online, or contribute to chat-rooms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today in the Netherlands nearly three-quarters of households have a broadband connection </li></ul>
    7. 9. Web as Platform - Google Docs
    8. 10. A Richer User Experience <ul><li>Dynamic applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more click and wait for screen refresh </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Beefed up experience thanks to Ajax and Flash </li></ul><ul><li>Light, modular applications - don’t need to download and install programs to the desktop </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive and responsive </li></ul><ul><li>Customized / personal </li></ul>
    9. 11. Google Maps
    10. 12. Connectivity - Cell Phone/Mobile <ul><li>262.7 million wireless subscribers in the U.S. as of June 2008 – 84% of the population </li></ul><ul><li>Wireless-only households: 15.8% </li></ul><ul><li>Minutes of use: 2.1trillion </li></ul><ul><li>600.5 billion SMS/text messages annually world wide as of June 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>There are now more Wi-Fi hotspots in Europe (50,000 locations) than in the US (25,000) as of September 28, 2008 (source: muniwireless.com) </li></ul>Source: http://www.ctia.org/media/industry_info/index.cfm/AID/10323
    11. 13. Don’t Call it a Phone <ul><li>Within 5 years “mobiles” will replace the PC as the world’s access to the Web </li></ul><ul><li>There are 3 times as many mobiles as PCs in the world </li></ul><ul><li>More than 2 million people in the Netherlands accessed the Internet using mobile equipment such as a laptop or mobile phone in 2007. This is nearly 20 percent of all Internet users. Men and young people with higher education levels in particular are more likely to use a mobile connection. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 330 million mobile users worldwide will own broadcast TV-enabled handsets by 2013 </li></ul>
    12. 14. Mobility / Connectivity / Community
    13. 15. Self Service <ul><li>Web 2.0 is all about empowering individual users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Customize/personalize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anywhere any time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User drives the process </li></ul></ul>
    14. 16. Pandora.com “ Sit back, relax, and enjoy the music, that’s the point”
    15. 17. Rollyo – Customized Search Engine
    16. 18. Rollyo Searchrolls
    17. 19. Community <ul><li>Connecting </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborating </li></ul><ul><li>Participating </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation, networking </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews, ratings, recommendations </li></ul><ul><li>The online community has diminished somewhat the role of traditional opinion makers such as marketers and critics in creating buzz about music, news, top stories, giving a greater voice to collective judgments of connected people </li></ul>
    18. 21. iTunes – Guiding Users to Content
    19. 22. Participation <ul><li>Low barriers to participation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of free tools: Blogger, PB Wiki, Audacity, Slideshare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No special skills required </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 sites make it easy for users to contribute all kinds of content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Images, videos, audio, ideas, information, comments, conversations, collaborations, ratings, reviews </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Popular sites thrive on user contributions, ratings and shared content: YouTube, digg, craigslist, MySpace, flickr, del.icio.us, etc. </li></ul>
    20. 23. But what does this have to do with my library?
    21. 24. Expectations 2.0 <ul><li>Library user expectations are driven by experiences and technology available on the commercial Web </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a social phenomenon, not just technology </li></ul><ul><li>Library 2.0 is a new model for library service </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a chance to rethink and retool what we do and who we are </li></ul>
    22. 25. 23 Things <ul><li>Blogs and blogging </li></ul><ul><li>Social software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Delicious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LibraryThing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Photos & Images </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image generators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>RSS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feeds and readers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tagging & Folksonomies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tag clouds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Image Labeler </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online tools & Applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spreadsheets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mashups </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PB wiki </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Audio & Video </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasts &Vodcasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audiobooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul></ul>
    23. 26. Blogosphere <ul><li>Free and easy-to-use tools reduce barriers to participation </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can have a voice </li></ul><ul><li>Bloggers can provide fresh takes on politics or popular culture in contrast to, or in support of stories in the mass media </li></ul><ul><li>Estimates of the number of blogs and blog readers vary widely, but all studies agree that blogs are a global phenomenon that has hit the mainstream </li></ul><ul><li>One source says that 184 million people worldwide have started a blog and that 77% of active Internet users read blogs (Universal McCann 2008) </li></ul>
    24. 27. Global Snapshot of Bloggers Source: technorati.com
    25. 28. How Are Libraries Using Blogs? <ul><li>Blogs are, in practice, communities of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Post up-to-date information about the library and the community </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection materials, events, projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep it current and local </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Supply links to articles, announcements, newspapers, journals, publications, reviews, Web sites, and other resources on topics of local interest </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a forum for patrons to comment and ask questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generate interest, conversation, community </li></ul></ul>
    26. 32. Has the Blog Craze Peaked? <ul><li>Blogs, to use the words of one 19 year old contact are&quot;so, so yesterday and all my friends are on Facebook&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a lot of writing, which can be time-consuming </li></ul><ul><li>To attract a substantial audience, you have to have something to say on an ongoing basis </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers for the Oxford English Dictionary claimed in 2007 that &quot;the 15 most frequently used words in the blogosphere&quot; (presumably the Anglo part of the blogosphere) are blogger, blog, stupid, me, myself, my, oh, yeah, ok, post, stuff, lovely, update, nice, [four letter word beginning with s] </li></ul>
    27. 33. The End of a Blog
    28. 34. Microblogs or Tumblelogs <ul><li>People have noticed a movement among bloggers to Twitter, or other similar services, called microblogs, or tumblelogs </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate, spontaneous contributions </li></ul><ul><li>Usually consist of short phrases about what the person is doing at that moment – limit is 140 characters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ walked straight into a hole” ; “spying a second cup of tea” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many people post from a mobile phone from wherever they are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content can be displayed online or delivered by SMS to people who subscribe to a particular microblog </li></ul></ul>
    29. 35. RSS <ul><li>Really Simple Syndication (RSS) </li></ul><ul><li>RSS Readers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A tool to help control the information juggernaut that is the WWW –monitor incoming content from selected sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Time saver/information manager </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>RSS Feeds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Publishers (of all kinds) provide content in specific format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>News, stock quotes, updates, blogs, wikis, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Users subscribe to feeds based on interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alerts users to new content, updates, changes, or comments automatically </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces need to visit multiple, individual Web sites to stay up to date </li></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 36. Feeds
    31. 37. Google Reader
    32. 38. Firefox Live Bookmarks
    33. 39. Australian National University
    34. 41. Wikis <ul><li>Hawaiian word for &quot;fast&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Tool for collaborative resource creation via the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Share the creation, editing, and maintenance of a resource among multiple collaborators </li></ul><ul><li>Authorized users can add/delete/modify content </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains page histories </li></ul><ul><li>Allows comments </li></ul><ul><li>Offers RSS feeds for updates </li></ul>
    35. 42. Wiki versus Blog <ul><li>wiki is… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>collaborative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multi-page resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>always in flux </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>infinitely editable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>internally linked </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Community-based </li></ul></ul><ul><li>blog is … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>opinionated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one-sided </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chronological </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>little internal linking/lots of external linking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>immediate </li></ul></ul>
    36. 43. The Most Famous Wiki of All <ul><li>Goal: “…to put the sum of all human knowledge in the form of an encyclopedia in the hands of every single person on the planet for free.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Jimmy Wales, cofounder and chief executive </li></ul>
    37. 45. How Can a Library use Wikis? <ul><li>Internal policy formation/dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Local topic wikipedia </li></ul><ul><li>Reference how-to guides </li></ul><ul><li>Reference pathfinder </li></ul>
    38. 46. Butler University Reference Wiki http://butlerreference.pbwiki.com/
    39. 47. http:// www.libsuccess.org
    40. 48. Podcasting <ul><li>Audio and video content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video blogs are sometimes called vblogs or vlogs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Short segments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Library tours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recorded events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Author talks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Book discussions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public meetings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Allow people to comment, start conversations online, participate asynchronously </li></ul>
    41. 49. Glasgow University Library <ul><li>Fresher’s Podcast </li></ul><ul><li>Law Podcast </li></ul><ul><li>Guide Podcast </li></ul>
    42. 50. University of Aberdeen
    43. 51. Social Networks <ul><li>Online communities </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting with other people in a variety of ways for a variety of reasons </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Friendster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LinkedIn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MySpace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyves </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virtual worlds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gaming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Life </li></ul></ul>
    44. 52. MySpace Page
    45. 53. Boston Regional Library System
    46. 54. Facebook
    47. 56. Social Networking As of November 1, 2008
    48. 60. Virtual Worlds <ul><li>A virtual 3D Web world you can walk through </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interact with others in a virtual landscape through avatars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtually attend meetings, shop, dance, rent an apartment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore alternate worlds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3D gaming, education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interact, collaborate, contribute in more dimensions </li></ul></ul>
    49. 61. 3D Online Gaming <ul><li>Massively Multiplayer Online Games </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World of Warcraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GuildWars </li></ul></ul>
    50. 62. Second Life <ul><li>Second Life is a 3D virtual world entirely built and owned by its residents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opened to the public in 2003 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over 9 million inhabitants from around the globe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interact with other inhabitants </li></ul><ul><li>Build a house or business </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries and library services have been established </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtually attend book discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer reference services to in-world visitors </li></ul></ul>
    51. 63. Second Life
    52. 64. Events in Second Life
    53. 65. You’re Invited
    54. 66. Cataloging by Committee <ul><li>Folksonomies - metadata by the people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unsystematic and often unsophisticated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No complicated hierarchy to learn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take advantage of contributed work by masses of dedicated people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contrast with professionally developed taxonomies and controlled vocabularies </li></ul><ul><li>Growth in number of Web sites that take advantage of user-created metadata, or “tags” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>delicious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Pennsylvania Penn Tags </li></ul></ul>
    55. 70. Aggregated Data <ul><li>Large quantities of data provide valuable information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Data mining </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recommendations, reviews, ratings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One person’s opinion versus 135 people’s opinions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tagging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual, personal tags versus collective wisdom </li></ul></ul>
    56. 72. University of Pennsylvania – Penn Tags
    57. 73. University of Pennsylvania – Penn Tags
    58. 74. OPAC 2.0 <ul><li>OPACs contain valuable data in MARC </li></ul><ul><li>ILS systems are a little out of step with today’s world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vendors don’t always prioritize library requests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Libraries want 2.0 functionality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search across all types of library resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved navigation and search results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to participate </li></ul></ul>
    59. 77. University of Chicago
    60. 78. Boston College – Finding Aid
    61. 79. VuFind – Integrating Data Sources
    62. 81. WorldCat Local
    63. 82. Mobile Library Catalogs
    64. 83. Share the Data <ul><li>Unlock data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create standards-based, shareable data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate content from display </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide access to appropriate data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch word = interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mashups – “Compelling Content Combinations” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A mixture of content or elements often from different Web sites or data sets that enhance each others usefulness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bring outside information into the library and allow library data to mix with others outside its walls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We need to open up our data and systems </li></ul>
    65. 84. Gmaps Pedometer
    66. 85. Who is Sick?
    67. 86. xISBN <ul><li>The same work is often available in a variety of editions, all with different ISBNs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search results on a specific ISBN can be misleading </li></ul></ul><ul><li>xISBN is a web service that takes as input one ISBN and returns a list of other ISBNs of associated intellectual works – other editions </li></ul><ul><li>Results intended for use by computer systems to generate new searches such as in OPAC </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by OCLC’s Office of Research </li></ul>
    68. 87. Library Lookup
    69. 89. What’s Ahead?
    70. 90. The Cloud <ul><li>Cloud computing is Internet-based development and use of computer technology </li></ul><ul><li>IT-related capabilities are provided “as a service” via the cloud </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Users access technology-enabled services from the Internet without knowledge of, expertise with, or control over the technology infrastructure that supports them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The cloud is already forming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>With Microsoft’s Zune player, a connection to the Internet, and $14.99 USD per month you can access 3 million songs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OPALS, Open-source Automated Library System, provides library system functionality as a hosted service </li></ul></ul>
    71. 91. Semantic Web <ul><li>Term coined by Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of Web 1.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Markup/attach metadata to all kinds of information on the Web </li></ul><ul><li>Using a set of standards, turns the Web into one big database by annotating, or marking up content </li></ul><ul><li>Describes a Web where machines can read Web pages much as we humans read them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow computers to “understand” data and data relationships to provide additional functionality, processing capabilities and machine interactions </li></ul></ul>
    72. 92. Library 2.0 <ul><li>Consider the library and its role in the information landscape </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Targeted content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on relevance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate data and resources of all kinds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Welcome patron contributions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce barriers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make it easy for users to do what they want to do </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hide complexity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve as information guide and trusted source </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recommend, suggest, review, rate </li></ul></ul></ul>
    73. 93. I’m am 1.0 going on 2.0 <ul><li>Library 2.0 is an means to an end </li></ul><ul><li>It’s about service to our patrons, whoever they are and whatever their needs may be </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine the possibilities for new products, processes, and services in your library </li></ul><ul><li>Explore new technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace change (might as well!) </li></ul><ul><li>Take it one step at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries as places humans and ideas come together – a perfect mashup </li></ul>
    74. 94. Thank you!
    75. 95. Amy Benson Librarian /Archivist for Digital Projects Schlesinger Library Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study Harvard University amy_benson@radcliffe.edu

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