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TU Delft MSc P1 presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. PUBLIC SPACE A public space regeneration strategy, aiming to balance the socio- spatial development and strengthen the identity of the city of SofiaP1 Graduation presentation by Ana Skachokovamentor :Qu Lei
  • 2. 1.Introduction and problem statement 2. Aim 3. Relevance 4. Methodology 5 Tools
  • 3. Context and Problem definition
  • 4. Site location 0 2.5 5 10 km source: Sofia Municipality Sofia capital of Bulgaria  Based on documents by Cartographic Research lab University Population: 1 232 088 inh. Alabama    
  • 5. What are the driving forces?Change of the political regime Globalizing forcesThe removal of the symbol of the communist regime - the The Global city, without any particular characteristics, throughpentagram, from the seat of the communist governance the eyes of a global street artist.in the center of Sofia in 1989.source: Bulgarian Telegraph Agency
  • 6. City centerCompact city (pre 1945) Housing estates Suburbia International business centers Urban sprawl Gated communities Densification Slums 0 2.5 5 10 km
  • 7. City centerCompact city (pre 1945) Housing estates Parking Void or commerce Private Suburbia Nature International business centers Infrastructure Private Disappearing Urban sprawl Gated communities Densification Slums 0 2.5 5 10 km
  • 8. Intense urban changes as a result to the regime changeFixed planing policy Isolation of the western in uence Free market Absence of private sector Urban growth Restricted market Globalization Public deveopnet only Privatization 1938 1944 1961 1989 2006 ? 2011 New concepts needed for and integrated city Communist republic of Bulgaria Democratic republic of Bulgaria New masterplan Political change Ottoman Empire Kingdom Bulgaria
  • 9. Municipal strategy for Sofia 2015 Source: by author; based on the strategy 2015 of Sofia municipality Urban centralities based on municipality masterplan for So a (2007-2015) Primary urban centrality Secondary multy functional centrality Tertiary multy functional centrality Area with concntration of public services and centrality elements Main centrality axis Secondary centrality axis 0 2.5 5 10 km
  • 10. Problem definition + =Lack of top -down Development by theframework private market Neglect towards the public realm and public space disapearence
  • 11. Public space transformation#1 Privatization of the public space#2 Commercialization of the public space source: arhitektura.bg In the city center In socialist housing estates
  • 12. #2 Commercialisation trends: The new public spaces Main shopping malls in construction in Bulgaria Ruse Pleven Varna Shumen So a Sliven Burgas Stara Plovdiv Zagora Blagoevgrad Opened in 2010 Open after 2010 ( currently under construction) Project stage Shopping center The Boulevard source: arhitektura.bg Is the next revolution taking place in a shopping mall?
  • 13. #3 Broken city structure 1930: A public space network connecting important political 2011: A parking garrage network buildings in the center of Sofia
  • 14. Argumentation For the inhabitants, the changes are perceived mainly in their lifestyle, in the way that they “use” the city: through public space network. We need to invest in the in the “quality of city’s tangible assets” (Friedmann, 2007)- quality of peoples environment in order to achieve a prosperity for the city and ensure a continuity of its iden- tity. We can do this by highlighting its strong spatial characteristics and cultural assets through public space.
  • 15. How to make a realistic urban project in a context offragile economic sittuation? source: www.worldbank.org
  • 16. AIM
  • 17. Scheme of the project Context Analyses    public space public b    transformation trends  Tools             Opportunities Results       
  • 18. Aim Top - down framework : city scale Regional scale Strengthening Identity An integrated city I ON V IS Improvement of poor/ unattractive areas Bottom up interventions Local scale using the cultural assets as a tool:
  • 19. Aim- role of the urban planCommunist planning process and Post-communist planning process and structure Aimed role of Sofia masterplan structure Public sector Private sector Civil society Civil society Private sector Planners Public sector Public sector General Development Plan /Genplan/ Civil society
  • 20. Research Questions How public space and existing cultural assets can be engaged into a spatial strategy to form productive public spaces and activate the neglected social and public urban realm?
  • 21. Relevance
  • 22. Social relevanceDevelopment in unattractive areas Two public spaces, two realities, one city Public space in business center Open space between in Sofia the housing estate Urban centralities based on municipality masterplan for So a (2007-2015) Primary urban centrality Secondary multy functional centrality Tertiary multy functional centrality Area with concntration of public services and centrality elements Main centrality axis Secondary centrality axis 0 2.5 5 10 km
  • 23. Social relevanceTwo public spaces, two realities, one city •New meaning of public space for the inhabitants •Strengthening Identity and building the image of the city
  • 24. Academic relevance In the first stage of the transition of post -socialist cities ‘Urban’ literature uses western urban knowledge in order to restructure the post socialist cities. Today problems on the agenda of the post socialist cities are similar to western cities. ‘Low cost’ urban revitalization, using the local assets can become a valuable approach for the western cities. Based on documents by Cartographic Research lab University 
  • 25. Methodology
  • 26. Methodology Use of cultural assets CS T Municipal strategy for Sofia 2015 R Analysis : Public space meaning, A R T structure and condition Analysis : identification of deprived areas; A socio-spatial fragmentation CS Case study T Theory R Research (literature; planning documents ) A Analyses (mapping; observation; historical)
  • 27. Theoretical framework Local scale Transformation trends in the Privatization public space Commercialization Shrinking Location of the Additional problem in the spatial analyse Post -socialsit context of Sofia urban litterature city scale Fragmentation Site location Meaning/ function in Design the city Public space Criteria Tool box Opportunities Revitalization Good examples through culture
  • 28. Tools orLocal potentials
  • 29. Theory:  Historical research on the meaning of Meaning of the public space +  public space in the Bulgarian context    I -VI   Ulpia Serdica - capital of the Roman (and later Byzantine) province of Dacia. Main characteristics of the area: Diagonal route “Via Militaris” connecting Europe and Asia  Thermal sources  Fertile soil Establishment of the basilica St. Sofia   0 2.5 5 10 km Ulpia Serdica - capital of the Roman (and later Byzantine) province of Dacia. XVI- IXX Main characteristics  area: of the Diagonal route “Via Militaris” connecting Europe and Asia  Thermal sources Fertile soil  Establishment of the basilica St. Sofia 0 2.5 5 10 km  Ulpia Serdica - capital of the Roman (and later Byzantine) province of Dacia. Main characteristics of the area: Diagonal route “Via Militaris” connecting  Europe and Asia Thermal sources Fertile soil Establishment of the basilica St. Sofia 0 2.5 5 10 km XVI- XIX Sofia- capital o the province of Rumelia, Ottoman Empire. After being destroyed a tipical organic ottoman structure replaced the straight
  • 30. Local potential # 1Mineral and thermal springs Regional thermal centers with recreation function Traditional Spa centers Urban leisure thermal centers Urban thermal healthcare centers Current state of the thermal springs
  • 31. Local potential # 2Strategic location Pan - European transport corridors Main international roads and connectivity to Sofia’s ring road Pan-European transport corridors Corridor N 4: Istanbul-Dresden 0 2.5 5 10 km Corridor N 8: Varna- Durres Corridor N 9: Helsinki; St.Petersburg- Alexandroupolis Corridor N 7: Vienna- Constanza Corridor N 10: Salzburg- Istanbul
  • 32. Local potential # 3Historical heritage Two solution for the preservation of the heritage: neglect or privatization Cultural and Historical heritage: Cultural and Historical heritage: areas of protection areas of protection ¹ ¹ Þ ¹ ¹ æ æ ¹ æ æ ¹ ¹ ^ J ¹ Þ ¹ æ æ ¹ ¹ ! æ D Þ Þ ¹ ¹ æ . æ ¹ æ ¹ ¹ D æ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ æ ¹ ¹ ¹ æ ¹ Þ Þ æ ¹ ¹ ò " Þ ^ J Þ Þ Þ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ æ æ ¹ ¹ æ æ " ¹ ¹ Þ ¹ Þ D ¹ æ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ æ ¹ ¹ Roman arena around II-III century ¹ D æ æ Þ æ ¹ Þ ¹ æ ¹ ¹ ¹ " ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ æ ¹ ¹ ^ J ¹ D Þ ò ¹ ¹ Þ ¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ D " ¹ æ ¹ ¹ Þ æ æ D Þ ¹ ¹ æ ¹ ¹ ¹ ò " D D æ ¹ ¹ æ Þ ¹ ¹ Þ ¹ ¹ ¹ Þ ¹ æ ¹ ¹ ò æ æ Areas of protection of the CHH Areas of protection of the CHH Þ ¹ Þ Areas with a speci c development D qqqqqqqq qqqq qqq æ Areas with a speci c development qqqqqqqq qqqqqqqq regulations -Serdica areaqqqq D qqq ¹ Þ qqqqqqqq Þ regulations -Serdica area ¹ æ Þ qqqqqqqq Areas with a speci c development qqqq qqq æ Areas with a speci c development qqqqqqqq qqqqqqqq regulations- Boyana churchqqqq qqq ¹ qqqqqqqq regulations- Boyana church Þ ò ¹ ò Areas with importnat CHH Areas with importnat CHH Þ Religion sites Religion sites ¹ æ UNESCO heritage UNESCO heritage D Þ æ Þ Protected area with speci c urban Protected area with speci c urban structure structure Industrial heritage Industrial heritage Speci c landscape without a Speci c landscape without a status of heritage status of heritage Ancient religious edifice around IV century. Protected area of Protected area of landscape/park/landmark landscape/park/landmark Speci c area, cointaining Speci c area, cointaining heritage sites heritage sites
  • 33. Public space network Gated community Strategy: ‘productive’ public space Socialist housing estate Future centrality Informal settlement Thermal spring Public space network Important infrastructure
  • 34. Oct NNext steps Oct No De ning project De ning project Problem statement De Problem statement ning project Theis plan Theis plan Problem statement Theis plan De ning project P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 Problem statement Theis plan Literature study Oct Nov Dec Jan Febr Mar Apr May Jun Jul Literature study Post-socialist urban litera De ning project Problem statement Literature study urban literature Public space theory Post-socialist Theis plan Public space theory Post-socialist urban literature Revitalization via culture Literature study Public space theory culture Revitalization via Toolbox ‘public space’ Revitalization via culture urban literature Post-socialist Toolbox ‘public space’ Literature study Post-socialist urban literature Toolbox ‘public space’ theory Public space Public space theory Revitalization via culture Toolbox ‘public space’ Revitalization via culture Analysis Analysis Toolbox ‘public space’ Analysis Historical Historical Spatial Historical Analysis Spatial De ne location Spatial Historical Case studies Case study ‘ Productive public space’ Spatial Analysis De ne location Case study ‘cultural assets’ Tool box “culture” De ne locationHistorical De ne location Spatial Strategy proposition Case studies Design proposition Case studies Case study ‘ Productive p De‘ Productive public space’ Case study Case studies ne location Evaluation Case study ‘cultural asse Case study ‘cultural assets’ Case study ‘ Productive public space’ box “culture” Tool Case studyCase studies Tool box “culture” assets’ ‘cultural Tool box “culture” study ‘ Productive public space’ Case Strategy proposition Case study ‘cultural assets’ Strategy proposition Strategy proposition “culture” Design proposition Tool box Design proposition Design proposition proposition Evaluation Strategy Evaluation Evaluation Design proposition
  • 35. Questions?