Week 13. abstract expressionism
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  • 1. Mid-TwentiethCentury andLaterEuropean and US Reactionsto WWII―Hell is other people.‖ from Sartre’sNo Exit
  • 2. In the last chapter we determined… War can be framed as a cleansing agent Optimism about social change can bring war But war with modern technology is devastating (flame throwers, poison gas)  WWI razes Europe  WWI brings Europe to hysteria (Dada, Surrealism)  The US responds to WWI with stoicism
  • 3. Guiding Question(s) What are the emotional and psychological effects of modern warfare with modern technology? What do we seek (the US) after the trauma of War?
  • 4. Guiding Historical Events 1945-Hiroshima and Nagasaki  The acute effects killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000–80,000 in Nagasaki  In both cities, most of the dead were civilians The Cold War  After WWII and into the early 1990s  Characterized by an amped up disdain for Communism 1945-1973 US involvement in Vietnam  The US, feeling quite powerful after WWII, is involved in a drawn-out war, much of which is opposed by the US citizenry  The US involvement comes indirectly out of the Cold War attitude to stamp out communism, but also out of a bravado of imperialism that seeks to establish democracy outside of the US 1966-“The Pill”  Oral contraceptives become widely available allowing women to choose when to be pregnant and not  Also brings to cultural consciousness the fact that women are sexual beings
  • 5. European Reactions Despair Atheism Self-RelianceFRANCIS BACON (British), Painting, 1946
  • 6. Reflections of European Reactions to WWII: LITERATURE and PHILOSOPHY Jean-Paul Sartre’s No Exit  ―Torture‖ is the inability to  SimoneDebeauvoir’s live with who we are, The Second Sex  Characters in ―Hell‖  ―One is not born, but rather because of the choices becomes, a woman.‖ they made  A study of how women have BECOME Samuel Beckett’s  From prehistory, through Waiting for Godot the mythological age, to contemporary times  From the Theatre of the Absurd  Contemplates what Click on links to see videos makes life worth living— suicide is an option, but
  • 7. US Reactions Optimism Prosperity in Consumerism A sense of UniquenessANDY WARHOL, Marilyn
  • 8. AbstractExpressionism Not philosophical like Kandinsky—primal An emphasis on the visual elements—an exploration of themedium’s elements An image of the painter’s psyche, state of mind in order tocreate emotional responses
  • 9. Jackson Pollack’s AutumnRhythm, Number 30, 1950  Seeking the intuitive, the pure (spiritualism without God)  Action Painting  Artistis dead so the process becomes the art object
  • 10. Jackson PollackDrip PaintingUsed non-traditionalmedia—house andautomobile paintUsed non-traditionalmethods—canvas onfloor, brushes are―flipped‖Artist uses automatismto make work anti-mneumonic
  • 11. Mark Rothko’s No.61, Rust andBlue, 1953 Color meant to evoke emotion, weeping (Spiritualism without God) Interpretation MUST be engaged, so Reader becomes the artist, the one to create meaning
  • 12. In Architecture Frank Lloyd Wright’sLe Corbusier’s Ronchamp, Guggenheim Museum, NewFrance, 1950--55 York, 1957—60 Architecture as sculpture Like painting, it lacks a central form and moves more organically
  • 13. Pop Art the art of reification POP art is an outgrowth of A. Expressionism, which deifiedthe transcendent Rejects symbolism (transcendent and decontextualized)and embraces signs (semiotic and contextualized) Choose to represent the banal, the mundane
  • 14. Reflections of the Pop Period LITERATURE Allen Jack Kerouac Ginsberg  On the Road,  Howl, 1956 1951  A celebration of the  The American Western rewritten madness that arises for the slums of out of a consumer Denver and culture Cheyenne, Wyoming  Moloch  Writing influencedClick on linksby automatism to see videos
  • 15. Reflections of the Pop Period MUSICAL THEATRE  Leonard Bernstein’s  Leonard Bernstein’s Mass West Side Story  A religious Mass with  Romeo and Juliet for a performers, dancers, street modern, multiethnic singers age  Intention is to reach popular  Explores globalization culture with a new kind of as it affects personal music relationships, what we hold most noble—love  AndrewLloyd Webber’s Jesus Christ Superstar  Christianity for the rock age ofClick on links to see videos popular culture  Accompanies the rise of
  • 16. John Cage Redefines what music is and the role of the musician Experimentedwith sounds and forms of music  Used dishes, tubs, and different metals for sounds  Forms are more organic
  • 17. Andy Warhol’sVegetarian Vegetablefrom Campbell SoupII, 1969We are what we eatWe are what weconsume
  • 18. Roy Lichtenstein’s Drowning Girl,1963 Defies the eternality of art Subjects are from pulp fiction, which can be thrown away Depicted with ben day dots of commercial printing
  • 19. In Subsequent Presentations youwill learn more about: The Language of Pop art Curating Abstract Expressionist work at MOMA