MODERNISM: I MPRESSIONISM ,POST - IMPRESSIONISM , AND A RTN OUVEAU
I N THE LAST CHAPTER WE DETERMINED … Nature is: Emotion and Imagination The physical environment The Self, the Soul Nature is found: Color and loose brushwork—the visual arts Tonal Painting—the musical arts Landscapes (void of human dominion) In humanity and its exploration of soul
G UIDING Q UESTION ( S ) How should we respond to technology? How do we define technology? Should we embrace it or reject/escape it?Gustave Eiffel, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889
R EFLECTIONS OF THE A GE SCIENCE LITERATURE/PHILOSOPHYAuthors Einstein’s Theory of Relativity Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll Houseredefine in 1905 says Time and SpaceNature, the are NOT absolute, they change Main character, Nora, leaves according to context her husband and children toIndividual, go find herselfCivilization, Thomson’s discovery of the electron in 1897and From Friedrich Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and EvilMorality Sigmund Freud’s Civilization and Its Discontents Outlines a morality that is not Elucidates that neuroses dependent on God, but are inherent in culture. rather on the individual Human sexuality is cause of anxiety when hindered by social constructs.
G UIDING H ISTORICAL E VENTS The Belle époque American Expansion creates is contact with non-western peoples, and ultimately creates a mythology of the primal, the “savage” untainted by technology into California, Texas and New Mexico in the Mexican-American War of 1845-8 Hawaii in 1898 Puerto Rico and Cuba in 1898-9 Guam in 1898
P SYCHE AS T ECHNOLOGY Psyche is layered ID EGO SUPEREGO
I MPRESSIONISM An Interest in how light affects forms An Interest in capturing moments (which are fleeting) of industrialization and city life, so uses Open compositions Serializations Spontaneous Brushwork
R ENOIR ’ S D ANCE AT THE M OULIN DE LA G ALETTE , 1876
D EGAS ’ T HED ANCING C LASS , CA . 1874Does noteroticize balletdancersInterested inmovement, theworld in flux
M ONET ’ S S ERIALIZATION OF R OUEN C ATHEDRAL , R OUEN , F RANCEW HY SERIALIZE ? B ECAUSE THERE IS NO SINGLE TRUTH OF THER OUEN C ATHEDRAL . T HE TRUTH OF THE ARTIST ’ S PERCEPTION CHANGES ACCORDING TO TIME OF DAY, WEATHER , LIGHT CONDITIONS .
D EBUSSEY ’ S C LAIRE D E L UNE (M OONLIGHT )We hear Captures a fleeting and changing moment inthis in musical formmusic ofthe day,as well.
P OST - IMPRESSIONISM Interested in the vulnerability of art as an expression Arbitrary coloring, often used to express emotion Emphasis on complete subjectivity Based in the science of color and sight
S EURAT ’ S A S UNDAY A FTERNOON ON I SLAND J ATTE , 1884-86Vision of the Belle Epoque, as Seurat sees itPainted within the context of the science of color
J APONISMEInfluence comeswhen USforcibly opensJapan toWestern tradein 1853Style is flat withasymmetricalCompositionsand no shadowsor dimension Van Gogh’s Flowering Plum Hiroshige, Plum Estate, Tree, 1887 1857
A RT N OUVEAU Rejects urban revolution Industrial lines and shapes will be more organic
H ORTA’ S S TAIRCASE AT D R .TASSEL’ S H OUSE , B RUSSELS , 1893 Plant life brought to industrial forms Curvaceous rather than linear
G AUDI ’ S C ASA M ILA A PARTMENT B UILDING , B ARCELONA , 1905—07Much of Gaudi’s work lacks any angularity or straightlines; Gaudi works largely for the upper classes ofBarcelona society who seek to escape the “vulgar”urbanity of life
facade Gaudi’s Casa Battlo Naturally Ventilated Attic
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