Daumier is a cartoonist whose works are seen as they are mass produced in popular sourcesThis piece was exhibited in a storefront, for those passing by to seeA father lies dead on top of his child; his wife, also slain, lies in the background, while a grandfather is face up in the cornerNo sentimentality, only brutal truthReaction to the many instances of common people killed—like we see in Lyons in 1834—Strikers for better wages are attacked by the police force and national troops and hundreds are killed. A neighborhood is invaded and an apartment building full of people are massacred.
Photography quickly used to record everyday scenes A play with shadows—the diagonal lines of the shadow on the door and the broom contrast with the vertical lines of the architecture
Week 10.romanticism and realism overview
Responses to Revolution in the 19th Century
In the last chapter wedetermined… Revolution is necessary to change social conditions for lower social classes and for women Revolution is brought about by economic and political inequality, in part brought about by new technology that further widens social disparity The arts serve Revolution by: Inspiring viewers to revolt—visual arts Criticizing what is taken for granted by the oppressor But can there be other responses to social
Guiding Question(s)… What is nature? ○ Emotion and Imagination ○ The physical environment ○ The Self, the Soul Where is nature to be found? ○ Color and loose brushwork—the visual arts ○ Landscapes (void of human dominion) ○ In humanity and its exploration of soul We will look at this question primarily through the arts (we will talk about religious questions less frequently).
Guiding Historical Events Crimean War through 1853-56 Abolition Movement 1860’s—United States Civil War Emancipation Proclamation Publication of On the Origin of Species in 1859
Romanticism Emphasis on emotion and imagination, the individual and the internal, the subjective Interest in the Sublime (awe combined with terror), the strange, and the Near East, the “exotic” In the visual arts, bold uses of color and movement (to create emotion) with asymmetrical compositions; Brushwork is spontaneous, “uncontrolled” In the musical arts, tonal painting will be used to create images of natural environments and common folk dances
Reflections of the Age Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake, 1875-76 Based on Russian folk tales A tale of triumph over evil through suffering and suicide Berlioz’, Symphonie Fantastique, Movement 5 Sounds like a hallucinatory vision of the macabre Will inspire soundtrack in Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining Bedřich Smetana, Má Vlast (The Moldau), 1874 Inspired by the Vltava as it flows MUSIC from twin springs toward Prague
Reflections of the Age POETRY will savor TRANSCENDENTALISM Loneliness A philosophical and literary Emily Dickson movement ○ expresses her Christianity Uniquely American inwardly Emphasizes imagination and ○ Lives a private, reclusive, intuition very emotional life Seeks to reconcile nature John Keats’ “Ode on and humankind (as seen in Melancholy” the poetry of William William Wordsworth’s “I Wordsworth) Wandered Lonely As a Cloud” ○ Ralph Waldo Emerson ○ Author finds his emotional ○ David Thoreau state in natural forms ○ Walt Whitman ○ Solitude a preferred state (it is subjective and dependent LITERATURE on the individual) PHILOSOPHY
Review by Comparison Guided by Reason Guided by Emotion and Imagination The arts are inclined The arts are inclined to look outward at to look inward, toward public themes and the subjective civic duty Preoccupied with the Preoccupied with the macabre heroicNEOCLASSICISM ROMANTICISM
Delacroix’s, The Twenty-Eighth of July: Liberty Leading the People, 1830 Visual art serving the purpose of revolution Common heroes— woman, students, street urchins Will inspire theFrenc Statue of h Liberty given to
Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi,Liberty Enlightening the World,1884
Realism Emphasis on everyday life and common experiences; idealizations are rejected Fictional subjects are disregarded Subjects are represented empirically— “faithful record of ordinary life”
Reflections of the Age Explores the spiritual, the moral Friedrich Engels and Karl through unsentimental, everyday figures Marx, Communist Manifesto Explores family dynamics with Capitalism, Free Trade banal situations inherently pits owners and workers against each other Dostoyevsky, The Brothers Establishes the exploitation of Karamazov workers Family of spiritualists and hedonists As more workers are required struggling with each other for more industry, more Dostoyevsky , Crime and workers can unite Punishment Raskolnikov murders and women with So…Redistribution of wealth an ax and is pursued by Detective comes from a working class Petrovich that fights for its rights Tolstoy, War and Peace Life and Marriage in the Napoleonic Age LITERATURE Tolstoy, Anna Karenina PHILOSOPHY
Reflections of the Age Publication of On the Origin of Species popularizes science Written for lay readers Introduced natural selection as a process in creation SCIENCE “Survival of the Charles Darwin
Gustave Courbet, A Burial At Ornans,1849 Unidealized look at a crowd Realistically looks at the everyday, the banal Lacks the theatricality of Romanticism
Daumier’s Rue Transonain, April 15, 1834, 1834 Baroque tenebrism spotlights common victim of brutality Daumier is a social critic who uses the visual toFrench comment on
Manet’s Luncheon on the Grass, 1863 Presents a nude woman who is unashamed Expressions reflect ennui of French eliteFrench
Manet’s Luncheon on the Grass is aquotation ofTitian’s The Pastoral Concert, 1510
Daguerrotype Realism is served by the invention of a new medium Becomes popular in portraiture as it captures a truthful likeness Will confront the usefulness of painting—so the style of painting will change
Käserbier’s The Manger (Ideal Motherhood), ca. 1899 American photographer References the Birth of Christ but in a, contemporary and secular fashion
Stieglitz’ Winter: Photography quicklyFifth Avenue, used1893 to record everyday scenesGertrude Kasebier, Portraitof Alfred Stieglitz
Eakins’ The Swimming Hole, 1883-5 United States American painter interested in human anatomy Influenced by photography and uses
In subsequent presentations,you will learn more about: Orientalism and Colonization Courbet and the advent of Modernism United States and the “American” Landscape These presentations will prepare you to incorporate the information in the assignments and assessments for the week
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