Artist:William Hackwood for Josiah WedgwoodTitle:“Am I not a Man and a Brother?”Medium: Black and white jasperwareSize: 1⅜ X 1⅜" (3.5 X 3.5 cm)Date:1787Source/ Museum: Trustees of the Wedgwood Museum, Barlaston, Staffordshire, EnglandArtist:Anne-Louis Girodet-TriosonTitle: Portrait of Jean-BaptisteBelleyMedium: Oil on canvasSize: 5'2½" X 3'8½" (1.59 X 1.13 m)Date:1797Source/ Museum: Musée National du Château de Versailles
Transcript of "Revolution!!"
A look at how Neoclassical works serve different expressions ofRevolutionVIVA LAREVOLUCION!
American RevolutionRevolt against what areconsidered tyrranical BritishforcesRevolt for AmericanIndependenceAmerican expression of theEnlightenment will reject the“inherent” power of Royal andaristocratic authorityJefferson, inspired by the FrenchPhilosophes, uses Reason toargue for freedom
Jefferson’sMonticello, Charlottesville, Virginia Based on pagan temple design Pediment Hemispherical dome Columns portico
French RevolutionA bourgeoisierevolt againstan oppressiveand corruptmonarchy andits supportivearistocracy Women’s March onVersailles, 5-6 October 1789
Kauffmann’s Cornelia Pointing to Her Childrenas Her Treasures, 1785 An image of the revolutionary mother, one who is willing to sacrifice her sons for the cause
David’s Oath of the Horatii, 1785The message is oneof self-sacrificerather than self-indulgenceA call to arms 4years before theRevolution
THESE REVOLUTIONS ARE OFCOURSE GIRDED BY THEENLIGHTENMENT ANDSCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION
Scientific RevolutionDepends on detailed observation(influenced by optics discoveries of theBaroque age)Diderot’s Encyclopédie is theclassification of “all” humanknowledge (in 28 volumes)Reveals an optimistic belief inmankind—that he can knoweverything and list itInfluenced by Carolus Linnaeus,who established the classificationsystem in biology Denis Diderot’s Encyclopédie Title Page
Isaac Newton Father of Newtonian Physics Emphasizes Empiricism Develops Theory of Gravity
Wright’s, An Experiment on a Bird inthe Air-Pump, 1768 In order to popularize science, artists will show scenes of the Scientific Revolution in dramatic and entertaining way Dramatic lighting influenced by the Baroque period. Message is that Science brings light into a world of political and social darkeness
EMANCIPATION “Revolution”Enlightenment principles ofequality and freedom lead to thecall to emancipate black slavesthroughout the Western World Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Belley, an emancipated Haitian slave who led the legislative campaign in France to abolish Wedgwood supported the idea of slavery and grant black people full citizenship gradual emancipation of slaves in the colonies
The Point is: Neoclassical works react against the excessiveness of the Rococo period, a period in which the split between the poor and wealthy brought about the need for Revolution Neoclassical works use Greco-Roman themes and figures to reveal a contemporary message of freedom, equality, and reason
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