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spanish 2 honors.

spanish 2 honors.

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  • 1. GrammarBookAsia Dolman
  • 2. Table of Contents1. Nacionalidades2. Stem Changing Verbs3. Para4. Indirect Object Pronouns5. Pronoun Placement6. Gustar7. Affirmative and Negative Words8. Superlatives9. Reflexives10. Affirmative tú commands + irregulars +pronoun placement11. Negative tú command + irregulars +pronoun placement12. Sequencing events
  • 3. Stem Changing Verbs Contar: e i u ue Tener: Cuento Servir: Tengo Jugar: Cuentas Siro Tienes Juego Cuenta Sirves Tiene Juegas Contamos Sirve Tenemos Juega cuentan Servemos Tienen Jugamos o ue sirven Juegan e ie*Notice that in the nosotros form there is no stem changing.
  • 4. Para (destination or purpose): FOR IN Para COMPARI ORDERLENGTH SON Uses TOOF TIME TIME PHRASES TO SPECIFY A INTENDE DESTINA TO BE FUTUREABOUT TO D FOR TION MOMENT IN TIMEExample:Voy para Madrid.
  • 5. Indirect Object Pronouns Me Nos Te Os Le LesRules:-Indirect objects tell “to whom” or “for whom” something is done.-Indirect object pronouns are the replacements for indirectobjects, which are always personal nouns.-Indirect object pronouns go directly before the verb.-The 3rd person “Le” and “ Les” indirect object pronouns aregender neutralExample:Juan me compra un regalo. To whom does Juan buy a gift? … Me
  • 6. Pronoun Placement Ifthere is a conjugated verb in the sentence, the pronouns must be placed in front of the conjugated verb (unless it is a command). Pronouns attach to infinitive and attach to a gerund. Examples: Aurora lee el libro. Escribo las cartas a la revista. Me levanto.
  • 7. Gustar (to like/please) A usted/ a el/ aMe (I) Nos (We) ella= laMe gusta Nos gusta gusta Para ClasificarTe (You) Os (Y’all) A A mi=Te gusta Os gusta nosotro me s= nos ustedes/Le (Him, Les (They/ Them) gusta gusta A ti= te a ellos/ aHer, It) Les gusta gusta ellas= lesLe gusta gusta *Rules - NEVER use GUSTO, or GUSTAMOS - When you like someone put Gustas!! - Gusta is dependent on what is being (Gustard = being liked!!) - If you have 2 or more infinitives, Gusta stays in singular form - “No” goes in front of Gusta and the pronoun - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v2oIqlEkX5s
  • 8. Affirmative and Negative Words - When you areAffirmative Negative talking about a indefinite or negative situation, Algo- something Nada- nothing you use an affirmative or negative word.Alguien- someone Nadie- no one - Negative example:Alguno- same Ninguno- none - Nadie trabaja aquí. - Affirmative exaple:Siempre- always Nunca- never - ¿Algo de tomar?Tambien- also Tampoco-niether
  • 9. Superlatives ísimo To express extremes with adjectives: 1. Drop first vowel ísimos Superlatives ísimas 2. Add ísimo(a) *Adjective must agree in gender and number with the noun it modifies. ísimaWhen the last consonant is c, g,or z there is spelling changes required. C qu Rico= riquísimo G gu Largo= larguísimo Z c Feliz= felicísimo
  • 10. Reflexives Me Nos- Reflexive pronouns areused with reflexive verbs to Reflexive Pronouns Te Osindicate that the subject Se Sereceives the action of theword. You can put- Used when the subject receives the action. reflexive pronouns- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7WNDtkve7oo in front of verb. conjugatedAcostarse (o-ue) Despertarse (e-ie) Bañarse Ducharse Quitar la mesa Hacer la cama
  • 11. Affirmative tú commands + irregulars + pronoun placement Affirmative TúInfinitive Command Translationdecir di say or tellhacer haz make or doir ve goponer pon putsalir sal leaveser sé betener Ten havevenir ven come For affirmative commands: simply drop the “s” and attach the pronoun to the ending. Example: ¡Comelo!
  • 12. Negative tú command + irregulars + pronounplacementRules:1. Start with the word no, decir No digas2. take the yo form conjugation of theverb hacer No hagas3. drop the –o ir No vayas4. add the opposite ending plus an “s”. poner No pongas*Making a negative tú command with salir No salgasan–ar verb, add the vowel “e”+ an “s”. ser No seas*Making a negative tú command withan –er /ir, add the vowel a”+ an “s”. tener No tengasPronoun comes before command ! venir No vengasExample: No lo comas.
  • 13. Sequencing events Por Fin: Primero: first Finally Entonces: Antes (de) : then Before Depués (de): Luego : Later After/ Afterwards-When a noun or an infinitive follows antes or después, use thepreposition „de’.- http://www.senorwooly.com/video_indiv.php?cancion=excusas