2. • OPDSC as a voluntary organization emerged in the year 1989 in undivided Koraput district• It was founded with the effort of 8 persons• It’s prime objective was to provide technical support to grass root organizations of southern Odisha especially• By this time OPDSC has direct involvement in Nabarangpur and Rayagada district of KBK region- Odisha
3. Major Intervention of OPDSC Natural Resource Management (Land, Water and Forest) Governance and Livelihood Human Rights (especially women and child)
4. Rayagada at a Glance Rayagada district (Schedule Area) of Odisha comes under KBK region, recognized as most backward region of Odisha in terms of Socio-economic status Total Population: 961959 (2011 census) (M-469672, F-492287) Total Cultivated Land: 1,92,998 hacts (1991 census) Total Paddy Land: 62655 hacts Total Farming Family: 1,00,396 Normal Rainfall: 1285 (1991 report) Primitive Tribe: Kandha and Soura
5. Socio-Economic statusThe prime source of livelihood ofdistrict population is Agriculture withsmall and marginal land holdings. Eventhough the average rainfall of Rayagadadistrict is at par with the state average(1450mm) but the prime source oflivelihood is being affected by erraticrainfall, floods, droughts and otherforms of natural calamities.
6. Climate change has been resulted in either crop loss or low production and productivity. Largest section of the population is deprived of the basic amenities (food, shelter, clothing, health care and education facilities).Traditional agriculture practices have been systematically ruined at the behest of high input oriented modern technology and mega agri-business houses. Modified seeds and seed flushing programs has accelerated the scale of marginalization of the farmers and ruined their economic condition.
7. In fact the whole of Rayagada District due to its Hilly terrain, inaccessibility and concentration of primitive tribes (Dongaria Kandh, Lanjia Soura along with other ethnic groups) continues to be backward, which needs planned intervention to bring about changes in the socio-economic condition of the people
8. SRI initiation in Rayagada by OPDSC Introduction with SRI through Leisa India Magazine published by AME FOUNDATION in 2007 Experiment of SRI in 0.5 acre with two farmer in Two villages of Tembaguda G.P. of Padmapur block, Rayagada district in Kharif 2007 Though the experiment was a failure one but this experiment has been replicated to 3629 farmers with 2557 acres since kharif 2011-12 Promotion of SRI to securing livelihood of small and marginal farmers started from 2008 with the support of SDTT-Mumbai in five blocks of the district
9. SRI in Rayagada OPDSC started SRI movement in Rayagada in a consortium approach along with 4 other co-partners in Five blocks namely Rayagada, Kashipur, Bisamcuttack, Ramanaguda and Padmapur blocks In the year 2010-11 the SRI movement extended to other 6 blocks of the district i.e. Chandrapur, Muniguda, Gudari, Gunupur, Kolnara and K.Singhpur with the help of another 3 NGO partner SRI is going on in all 11 blocks of Rayagada
10. SRI coverageYEAR Total Total area Highest per Farmer covered acre yield Covered in Quintal under SRI2008-09 118 70.50 262009-10 450 465.70 38.42010-11 1921 1699 322011-12 3629 2557 27(kharif)
11. Yield obtained from Sample crop cutting(Kharif 2011-12) Padmapur block: Highest yield per acre is During this 27 qtl with in irrigated area Kharif Yield Lowest per acre yield is obtained in rate per acre Gudari block under rain fed condition is less than with 75% drought is 13qtl the last year In Kashipur, Partly K.Singhpur block because of average per acre yield is 20 qtl with drought like continuous water flow because of Bauxite condition from contained and hilly terraced land Tillering stage to Crop cutting
12. Constraints/Learnings of SRI Delayed and erratic rainfall led late transplantation of matured seedlings of more than 30 days (maximum transplantation done in the middle of September) Shortage of water during tillering and panicle initiation stage in the villages without irrigation facility has affected the crop adversely which resulted less yield than the last year No rain fall from tillering stage Due to fluctuation in the rain fall drying and wetting could not be maintained.
13. Constraints/Learnings of SRI In some of the field especially in Kashipur block it is observed that flow of water could not be restricted. As the water deposit is 4 inches in the field due to hilly terrain and streams/water source flow in the upside field Less pest and disease attack due to dry climate In spite of late transplantation with matured seedlings good yield observed in some fields Assured irrigation should be provided to farmers before they go for SRI as delayed monsoon is the major hindrance for SRI
14. Convergence with Govt SRI Village Program: With the support of District Agriculture Dept. SRI village program in 30 acres of land was implemented in Sargiguda village of Padmapur block under RKVY Scheme in 2009-10 (Kharif) Line Transplantation: Line transplantation of Paddy implemented in Padmapur block with the support of Agriculture dept for 500 hacts Seed Village Program: Seed village prog. With the objective of quality seed procurement is being implemented in Two villages of Padmpur block for 12 hacts with NABARD support during Kharif 2011-12
15. Green Merging OfManuring/Dhanic Dhanicha haMerging Of Dhanicha Seedling Bed
16. Transplantion Field Visit By OPDSCLauching Of Farmmers Club Seed Bed