Nirman odisha

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Nirman odisha

  1. 1. Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative SDTT Partner’s Meet, Bodhagaya, 24, Jan, 2012NIRMAN is a grassroots environmental action groupworks for the conservation of bio-diversity; promotesecological agriculture & sustainable livelihood modelsthrough livelihood related functional literacy system
  2. 2. SRI in collaboration with SDTTAccomplishment: 2009-10 to 2011-12 217 numbers of farmers use indigenous paddy seeds under SRI cultivation
  3. 3. NIRMAN involves in…Implementation activities:• System for Rice Intensification (SRI)• Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI)• System for Wheat Intensification (SWI)• System for Crop Intensification (SCI-Millets)• Millet based farming system• Organic Farming• Environment Education
  4. 4. Sugarcane in Odisha…
  5. 5. Problems of Sugarcane Farmers• Rising cost of cultivation- Economic unviable• Low market price• Water table depleting year after year (1500-3000 litres/1 kg of cane)• Unavailability of good quality seed material• Increased pest and negligence in plant protection measures• Improper cultivation practices• Imbalanced nutrient management and other practices like mono cropping often result in low productivity• Unpredictable climatic aberrations
  6. 6. Socio-economic Status of Farmers’ & Climate in Odisha…•According to a report published by National Sample SurveyOrganization, Government of India in 2005, titled “SituationAssessment Survey- Indebtedness of Farmer Households”, 48% offarmer households in Odisha are indebted. Of these householdsapproximately 70% have less than one hectare of land.•The per capita debt is Rs 9316 in Orissa[2]. A trend of debt boundmarginal, small and landless farmers’ suicide cases due to crop loss havegradually emerged in the State.•During the 1950s, only 3 districts were drought-prone. By the 1980s,the whole of western Odisha, consisting of five districts, becamedrought-prone. During the 1990s, 15 of the 30 districts becamedrought-prone. And for 2010-11, 17 districts out of 30 were declaredas drought prone[1]. [1] “The Samaj” (a premier Odiya daily), 16th December 2011; [2] As stated by Finance Minister, Govt. of Odisha on 6th December 2010 in Assembly questionnaire session.
  7. 7. Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative(SSI): ‘More (sugarcane) With Less (inputs and water)’A new paradigm in Sugarcane: SRIshowed a way- WWF-ICRISAT It is an innovative agronomic set of practices to increase the cane yields significantly which involves using• less seeds• raising of nursery• following new planting methods• with wider spacing• better water• nutrient management
  8. 8. Basic Principles of SSI1. Raising nursery using single budded chips2. Transplanting young seedlings (25-35 days old)3. Maintaining wider spacing (5X2 ft) in the main field4. Avoiding inundation of water and providing sufficient moisture5. Encouraging organic method of nutrient and plant protection measures6. Practicing intercropping with effective utilization of land
  9. 9. ……. Contd.• Adopt integrated nutrition management as opposed to pure chemical method of cultivation – Seed treated with a composite solution of cow urine and lime – Nutrient supplied vermicompost, jeevamrut, along with relative 60% reduced quantity of Urea & DAP – Chemical Input Management costs Rs 2500/- whereas our INM approach costed only Rs 1200/- Bud treatment – Cow urine, lime Drying the Bud chips and water solution
  10. 10. We have brought changes adaptive to local resources…Used raw coco-pith with farm yard manure and/or vermicompost for seedling preparation Vermi-compost well and Coco-pith Material/Particulars Cost Processed Coco-pith Rs (Rs 14/kg for 1 Qntl/Acre) 1400/- Raw Coco-pith + Vermicompost Rs 260/- ( 80 Kg + 20 Kg ) Coco-pith sieve net Raw Coco-pith + FYM Rs 210/- (80 Kg + 20 Kg) Raw Coco-pith + FYM + Rs 240/- Vermicompost (70 Kg + 20 Kg+ 10 Kg)
  11. 11. …Contd • Experimented with spacing from standard 5ft to varied space of 4ft, 3ft and 2ft as well.Spacing No. of tillers Length of Height Girth (in Cm) Weight internodes B M T 4 ft 08 10 cm 373 cm 7.5 7.1 6.3 2.1 kg 3 ft 08 7.5 cm 357 cm 7.2 6.0 5.2 1.95 kg 2 ft 06 5.5 cm 330 cm 6.7 6.0 4.9 1.7 kg
  12. 12. benefits experienced... Particulars Conventional SSI Seed 76,800 nodes 5,600-6,500 buds Rs 14400/- Rs 1300/- Water 24 hrs/day for 4 days: 8 hrs/day for 3 days: 4 8 times in a crop cycle times in a crop cycle Labour (including 1190 person-days/ 136 person-days / 648 irrigation) 1776 hrs in a crop hrs cycle Per Acre Cost Rs 21,244/- Rs 7200/- Intercropping Nil Possible (Bonus for Farmer)
  13. 13. and a success story…• The group of 13 members has taken Sugarcane cultivation (IGP) intraditional method investing around Rs 86,350/- for 3.5 acres inclusiveof costs like land lease (Rs 42,000) cost, seed, irrigation, fertiliser, labour(excluding self labour of 789 person-days)At the same time 9 out of 13 members has taken the initiative for SSI in78 decimil and invested Rs 14,420/- inclusive similar costs like (Rs9000/- for land lease), labour (excluding self labour of 63 person-days)Estimating for 25 decimal cost investment they spent 3 times moreon traditional approach along with 3 times more time investment.•The average production they harvested from traditional fields is 32 ton/acre. While from SSI fields it was more than 46 ton/acre.•The bonus they gained from SSI through intercropping has beenestimated to Rs 16400/- which includes okra, cowpea, cucumber andjute
  14. 14. SSI MANUAL RELEASE in Oriya 13 April 2010
  15. 15. 2009-12: SSI in Orissawith AgSRI Agriculture services Pvt Ltd support… Horizontal expansion of SSI 2009 2010 2011 2012 District 1 3 3 6 Block 1 5 10 16 Panchayat 2 6 25 43 Village 7 17 40 81 Farmers 20 56 365 610 Acre(s) 4 29.73 205 350 Type of Farmers covered in Intervention Farmer Medium Small Marginal Landless Share Category farmers farmers Farmers Farmers croppers % of Farmers 3.57 7.14 66 25 58 in 2010 % of Farmers 0 35 55 10 55 in 2011
  16. 16. Type of Land, Cane Variety & Relative Productivity Cane Variety No. of Farmers CO-6907 125 86-V-96 14 83-R-23 12 1053 03 Raghunath 01 Nilamadhab 01 Cane Productivity Vs Type of LandLand Type Low Medium Upland Biswanath 03Cane Yield 46 60 54 Charchika 01(MT/ha)
  17. 17. The Strategic Interventions… …from October 2010 to till date •60 village meetings •1287 individual interactions •30 nos. of Farmers’ training at the bud chipping, seedling preparation and transplantation site covered 639Video documentation farmers’•Participation in State level •30 nos. of SSI demonstrationAgriculture Fair with ATMA, • 21 nos. of Knowledge Sharing MeetsNayagarh •7 Block level SSI Experience sharing•Participation in District level workshopExhibition at Nayagarh & BoudhProviding Technical support to Dept. ofAgriculture, Nayagarh for 20010-11 &2011-12 and under RKVY-Sugarcane Devp.Prog. and the same to Bargarh in 2012. Dr. Loga’s interaction with govt. officials
  18. 18. Expansion Plan of SSI in 2012… SSI district6 Districts16 Blocks43 Panchayats81 Villages610 Farmers350 Acres Liaison office Regd. office
  19. 19. Photo GalleryBud Chipping Raising seedling as IGAPreparing organic manure Transplantation in progress
  20. 20. Photo Gallery Interaction at fieldpromoting SSI Experience sharing workshop SSI Training camp
  21. 21. Photo Gallery of SRI
  22. 22. Women in Organic- SRI
  23. 23. Thank you…

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