Research Methodology PresentationPresentation Transcript
•Focus on the issue of the parenting styles in nurturing the children in
•4 categories of parenting styles :
Authoritative parenting-also called 'assertive democratic' or
'balanced' parenting, is characterized by a child-centred approach that
holds high expectations of maturity. Authoritative parents can
understand their children’s feelings and teach them how to regulate
them. They often help them to find appropriate outlets to solve
problems. The parent is demanding and responsive.
Authoritarian parenting- also called strict, is characterized by high
expectations of conformity and compliance to parental rules and
directions, while allowing little open dialogue between parent and
child. The parent is demanding but not responsive.
Indulgent parenting-also called permissive, nondirective or
lenient, is characterized as having few behavioural expectations
for the child. The parent is responsive but not demanding.
Neglectful parenting-The parents are low in warmth and
control, are generally not involved in their child's life, are
disengaged, undemanding, and low in responsiveness. also
mean dismissing the children's emotions and opinions but will
still provide their basic needs.
•Questionnaires were distributed to 200 respondents who are
already as a parent of whatever marital status.
•From our finding, the most prefer of parenting styles in
nurturing the children in Kota Bharu is Authoritarian parenting.
• Children can be viewed as a piece of white cloth for the baby. Thus, parents are the
person most responsible for shaping the whites and they are also an agent of
socialization in the life of their children.
• Parents should be good examples or role models to their children to make sure that
they will become good children in the future. Each parent has their own style of
parenting style that is natural reaction by the pattern of parenting, training and
• There are many differences between the styles of the parent in nurturing their
In this case, some parents make their mistakes. Some are due to consider that their
parents style in nurturing children were not correct and conservative, then they fully
reject it, even though not all the way is incorrect or no longer appropriate.
• But there are some of parent thought that the previous way of nurturing children is
correct, then almost apply it, but maybe some of the way are no longer relevant
• Typically, parents are reminded to identify and understand the psychology of their
children. So, parents should concern on how to nurture their children in the right
way. As a result, parents will capable to produce good children.
• Parenting style is affected by both the parents' and children's
temperaments. These may evolve over time as the children develop
their own personalities and move through life's stages.
• There are differing levels of effort that parents are willing to invest
on the best ways in nurturing their children.
• As we can see, everyone can learn and afford to go to the school.
Even, majority are continuing the study until graduate from
university and of course they are the high educated person.
• What become the questionable is how far the parents obey the
religion manners and costumes especially in nurturing their children.
• To identify the most prefer of parenting style
in nurturing the children..
• To compare the parenting style in nurturing
children among religion group.
• To investigate whether there is significant
difference in parenting style between the level
of parent education.
• How to overcome the children problem, that related
to parent nurturing?
• Did the level of parent education affect the parenting
styles in nurturing the children?
• Did religion is most importance thing to nurturing the
• How significant is the relationship between level of
education and parenting styles in nurturing the
Hyphotesis to address RQ 1:
H0 : There is no significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the
H1 : There is significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the
Hyphotesis to address RQ 2:
H0 : There is no significant relationship between religion towards nurturing the
H1 : There is significant relationship between religion towards nurturing the children.
Hyphotesis to address RQ 3:
H0 : There is no significant relationship between of parents education towards
H1 : There is significant relationship between level of parents education towards
Level of parent
in nurturing the
THE TARGET POPULATION
The population of the study is defined as a
parent. Our target populations in the study are
parents. The selected respondents are chosen
among Kota Bharu population.
THE PROCEDURE OF DATA ANALYSIS
H1: There is significant difference between parenting
styles towards nurturing the children. t-test
H1: There is significant relationship between religion
towards nurturing the children. Chi-square
H1: There is significant relationship between level of
parents education towards parenting style. Chi-square
THE SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Scope : The scope of the study is only limited to the parents
around the Kota Bharu, Kelantan.
Limitations : The results might only be generalised to the above
population. In the other words, the findings might be different if
the scope is increase to include more categories might pose
different characteristics. Methodologically, the study only
measures the perception of respondents for each item on a
Descriptive Statistics for factors of parenting styles
• Table illustrates the descriptive statistics for
factors of parenting styles based on the
responses from 200 respondents.The table also
presents the standard error, standard deviation
and the measure of skewness for every item in
the study. It show that skewness range is
between -1 and 1 indicates the data is normally
distributed. The measure of skewness between -
1 to 1 is considered normally distributed and
acceptable to proceed with the parametric
analysis procedure.The study also conclude that
the distribution of data is almost symmetry or
• DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS FOR DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES
The pie chart shows show that 64% of the respondents’ female
whereas 36% of respondents’male. We conclude that females
respondents’ are higher compare to male respondents’.
The pie chart shows that 96.5% respondents were islam, 2.0% were
hindu whereas 1.5% were buddha.
Upsr Pmr Spm Diploma Bachelor master/phd Others
Level of education
The higher is 39.5% respondent’s SPM in education level
and the lower is master in education level
The pie chart show that
more than half of
respondens that is 54.5%
have child between 7 to 9.
The lower is respondent
have 13 child that is 0.5%.
concern about the religion value
most of the
about the religion
value in nurture their
child that is 98%
whereas 2% of the
that social problems today is cause by lack of the
The respondent agree that social problems today is cause
by lack of the religion value that is 91% whereas others is
DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS AND MEAN SCORE FOR PARENTING STYLES
we can conclude that the most prefer of parenting styles is undertanding which is the
total of respondents is the highest compare to another variable which is 916 agree
RUNNING DATA REDUCTION PROCEDURE : THE FACTOR ANALYSIS
This KMO value is 0.806 is excellent since it exceed the
recommended values of 0.6.The two measure (KMO value is
closer to 1.0 and the Bartless test significance value close to
0.0)suggest that the data proceed with the reduction procedure.
Looking at the table labeled Total Variance
Explained, we see that the eigen value for
the first factor is quite a bit larger than the
eigan value for the next factor (4.033 vs.
2.421). Additionally, the first factor
accounts for 26.866% of the total
variance. This suggests that the scale
items are unidimensional.
The parenting styles shows the
diffrence value of each
component.The component 1
shows that the value of styles
1,styles 2,styles 3,styles 4,styles 5
and styles 6 is significance since
this values is greater than 0.6.
Otherwise,the component 2
shows that the styles 8,and styles
10 is greater than 0.6.Then,the
component 3 shows the styles 13
and styles 14 is signficance.
Futhermore,the component 4
shows the styles 9 and styles 12 is
signnificance.The other value
which is less than 0.6 will be drop.
The table shows that only components for
understanding and coherent is exceed than 0.6.
So in the end, we only have two values measuring the
parenting styles construct instead of 15 items.
THE RELIABILITY ANALYSIS FOR THE MEASURING ITEMS
The alpha coefficient for the four items is
0.732, suggesting that the items have relatively high
internal consistency. (Note that a reliability coefficient of
.70 or higher is considered "acceptable" in most social
science research situations.)
THE ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE THE NORMALITY OF THE DATA
The above table presents the results from two well-known tests of normality, namely
the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test and the Shapiro-Wilk Test. We Shapiro-Wilk Test is more
appropriate for small sample sizes (< 50 samples) but can also handle sample sizes as
large as 2000. For this reason, we will use the Shapiro-Wilk test as our numerical
means of assessing normality.
If the Sig. value of the Shapiro-Wilk Test is greater the 0.05 then the data is normal. If
it is below 0.05 then the data significantly deviate from a normal distribution.
Based on the test of normality above,we can conclude that the the data is not normal
since the significance is below 0.05.Hence,we test using Kruskall wallis that is the most
PARAMETRIC STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
H0: There is no significant difference between parenting styles towards
nurturing the children.
H1:There is significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing
• Based on the kruskal wallis test above,we can
conclude that the most number of respondent’s
religion is number 1 which is islam follows the
number 3 which is hindu and the last is religion
buddha. The test stastistics shows that the
significance relationship between parenting styles
and religion is 0.005 is below 0.05. Hence, reject
the null hypothesis.
• So, there is significant difference between
parenting styles towards nurturing the children.
H0: There is no significance difference between the parenting styles and the
education level of parents
H1: There is significance between the parenting styles and the education level
H0:There is not significance difference between the parenting
styles and the religion
H1:There is significance between the parenting styles and the
From our findings :
• there is no significance difference between the parenting
styles and the education level of parenting styles.
• Secondly, there is significance difference between the
parenting styles and the religion towards nurturing the
• Lastly, there is significant difference between parenting
• For overall we can conclude that most parents are
understanding but has little coherent and slap to their
• This call Authoritarian parenting.
1. Parent should concern about their children needed.
2. Parent also should choose the best way to nurturing their children
in order to make sure their children will respect them.
3. They also have to be alert with their children behavioural.
4. Parent should take care about their children activity.
5. Parent should be the best as a role model to their children.
6. They also have to treat their children like a friend in order to
make their children feel comfortable when talk about their
7. Parent also have to spend time to hear the children problem.