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Research Methodology Presentation
 

Research Methodology Presentation

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    Research Methodology Presentation Research Methodology Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • ABSTRACT •Focus on the issue of the parenting styles in nurturing the children in Kota Bharu. •4 categories of parenting styles : Authoritative parenting-also called 'assertive democratic' or 'balanced' parenting, is characterized by a child-centred approach that holds high expectations of maturity. Authoritative parents can understand their children’s feelings and teach them how to regulate them. They often help them to find appropriate outlets to solve problems. The parent is demanding and responsive. Authoritarian parenting- also called strict, is characterized by high expectations of conformity and compliance to parental rules and directions, while allowing little open dialogue between parent and child. The parent is demanding but not responsive.
    • Indulgent parenting-also called permissive, nondirective or lenient, is characterized as having few behavioural expectations for the child. The parent is responsive but not demanding. Neglectful parenting-The parents are low in warmth and control, are generally not involved in their child's life, are disengaged, undemanding, and low in responsiveness. also mean dismissing the children's emotions and opinions but will still provide their basic needs. •Questionnaires were distributed to 200 respondents who are already as a parent of whatever marital status. •From our finding, the most prefer of parenting styles in nurturing the children in Kota Bharu is Authoritarian parenting.
    • CONTENTS
    • INTRODUCTION • Children can be viewed as a piece of white cloth for the baby. Thus, parents are the person most responsible for shaping the whites and they are also an agent of socialization in the life of their children. • Parents should be good examples or role models to their children to make sure that they will become good children in the future. Each parent has their own style of parenting style that is natural reaction by the pattern of parenting, training and behaviour. • There are many differences between the styles of the parent in nurturing their children. In this case, some parents make their mistakes. Some are due to consider that their parents style in nurturing children were not correct and conservative, then they fully reject it, even though not all the way is incorrect or no longer appropriate. • But there are some of parent thought that the previous way of nurturing children is correct, then almost apply it, but maybe some of the way are no longer relevant nowadays. • Typically, parents are reminded to identify and understand the psychology of their children. So, parents should concern on how to nurture their children in the right way. As a result, parents will capable to produce good children.
    • PROBLEM STATEMENT • Parenting style is affected by both the parents' and children's temperaments. These may evolve over time as the children develop their own personalities and move through life's stages. • There are differing levels of effort that parents are willing to invest on the best ways in nurturing their children. • As we can see, everyone can learn and afford to go to the school. Even, majority are continuing the study until graduate from university and of course they are the high educated person. • What become the questionable is how far the parents obey the religion manners and costumes especially in nurturing their children.
    • OBJECTIVE • To identify the most prefer of parenting style in nurturing the children.. • To compare the parenting style in nurturing children among religion group. • To investigate whether there is significant difference in parenting style between the level of parent education.
    • RESEARCH QUESTION • How to overcome the children problem, that related to parent nurturing? • Did the level of parent education affect the parenting styles in nurturing the children? • Did religion is most importance thing to nurturing the children? • How significant is the relationship between level of education and parenting styles in nurturing the children?
    • RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS Hyphotesis to address RQ 1: H0 : There is no significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the children. H1 : There is significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the children. Hyphotesis to address RQ 2: H0 : There is no significant relationship between religion towards nurturing the children. H1 : There is significant relationship between religion towards nurturing the children. Hyphotesis to address RQ 3: H0 : There is no significant relationship between of parents education towards parenting style. H1 : There is significant relationship between level of parents education towards parenting style.
    • FRAMEWORK Parenting styles (x1) Level of parent education (x3) Religion (x2) parenting styles in nurturing the children
    • THE TARGET POPULATION The population of the study is defined as a parent. Our target populations in the study are parents. The selected respondents are chosen among Kota Bharu population.
    • THE PROCEDURE OF DATA ANALYSIS HYPOTHESIS STATISTICAL ANALYSIS H1: There is significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the children. t-test H1: There is significant relationship between religion towards nurturing the children. Chi-square H1: There is significant relationship between level of parents education towards parenting style. Chi-square
    • THE SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY Scope : The scope of the study is only limited to the parents around the Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Limitations : The results might only be generalised to the above population. In the other words, the findings might be different if the scope is increase to include more categories might pose different characteristics. Methodologically, the study only measures the perception of respondents for each item on a questionnaire.
    • DATA ANALYSIS
    • DATA MINING Descriptive Statistics for factors of parenting styles
    • • Table illustrates the descriptive statistics for factors of parenting styles based on the responses from 200 respondents.The table also presents the standard error, standard deviation and the measure of skewness for every item in the study. It show that skewness range is between -1 and 1 indicates the data is normally distributed. The measure of skewness between - 1 to 1 is considered normally distributed and acceptable to proceed with the parametric analysis procedure.The study also conclude that the distribution of data is almost symmetry or bell-shaped..
    • • DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS FOR DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES 36% 64% Gender male female The pie chart shows show that 64% of the respondents’ female whereas 36% of respondents’male. We conclude that females respondents’ are higher compare to male respondents’.
    • The pie chart shows that 96.5% respondents were islam, 2.0% were hindu whereas 1.5% were buddha.
    • 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Upsr Pmr Spm Diploma Bachelor master/phd Others 20 14 79 41 35 5 6 Level of education The higher is 39.5% respondent’s SPM in education level and the lower is master in education level
    • The pie chart show that more than half of respondens that is 54.5% have child between 7 to 9. The lower is respondent have 13 child that is 0.5%.
    • 196 4 0 50 100 150 200 250 yes no concern about the religion value most of the respondent concern about the religion value in nurture their child that is 98% whereas 2% of the respondent not concern.
    • 182 18 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 yes no that social problems today is cause by lack of the religion value The respondent agree that social problems today is cause by lack of the religion value that is 91% whereas others is not agree.
    • DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS AND MEAN SCORE FOR PARENTING STYLES
    • we can conclude that the most prefer of parenting styles is undertanding which is the total of respondents is the highest compare to another variable which is 916 agree
    • RUNNING DATA REDUCTION PROCEDURE : THE FACTOR ANALYSIS This KMO value is 0.806 is excellent since it exceed the recommended values of 0.6.The two measure (KMO value is closer to 1.0 and the Bartless test significance value close to 0.0)suggest that the data proceed with the reduction procedure.
    • Looking at the table labeled Total Variance Explained, we see that the eigen value for the first factor is quite a bit larger than the eigan value for the next factor (4.033 vs. 2.421). Additionally, the first factor accounts for 26.866% of the total variance. This suggests that the scale items are unidimensional.
    • The parenting styles shows the diffrence value of each component.The component 1 shows that the value of styles 1,styles 2,styles 3,styles 4,styles 5 and styles 6 is significance since this values is greater than 0.6. Otherwise,the component 2 shows that the styles 8,and styles 10 is greater than 0.6.Then,the component 3 shows the styles 13 and styles 14 is signficance. Futhermore,the component 4 shows the styles 9 and styles 12 is signnificance.The other value which is less than 0.6 will be drop.
    • The table shows that only components for understanding and coherent is exceed than 0.6. So in the end, we only have two values measuring the parenting styles construct instead of 15 items.
    • THE RELIABILITY ANALYSIS FOR THE MEASURING ITEMS
    • The alpha coefficient for the four items is 0.732, suggesting that the items have relatively high internal consistency. (Note that a reliability coefficient of .70 or higher is considered "acceptable" in most social science research situations.)
    • THE ANALYSIS TO DETERMINE THE NORMALITY OF THE DATA The above table presents the results from two well-known tests of normality, namely the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test and the Shapiro-Wilk Test. We Shapiro-Wilk Test is more appropriate for small sample sizes (< 50 samples) but can also handle sample sizes as large as 2000. For this reason, we will use the Shapiro-Wilk test as our numerical means of assessing normality. If the Sig. value of the Shapiro-Wilk Test is greater the 0.05 then the data is normal. If it is below 0.05 then the data significantly deviate from a normal distribution. Based on the test of normality above,we can conclude that the the data is not normal since the significance is below 0.05.Hence,we test using Kruskall wallis that is the most appropriate test.
    • PARAMETRIC STATISTICAL ANALYSIS H0: There is no significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the children. H1:There is significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the children
    • • Based on the kruskal wallis test above,we can conclude that the most number of respondent’s religion is number 1 which is islam follows the number 3 which is hindu and the last is religion buddha. The test stastistics shows that the significance relationship between parenting styles and religion is 0.005 is below 0.05. Hence, reject the null hypothesis. • So, there is significant difference between parenting styles towards nurturing the children.
    • H0: There is no significance difference between the parenting styles and the education level of parents H1: There is significance between the parenting styles and the education level of parents.
    • H0:There is not significance difference between the parenting styles and the religion H1:There is significance between the parenting styles and the religion
    • FULL MODEL
    • CONCLUSION  From our findings : • there is no significance difference between the parenting styles and the education level of parenting styles. • Secondly, there is significance difference between the parenting styles and the religion towards nurturing the children. • Lastly, there is significant difference between parenting styles. • For overall we can conclude that most parents are understanding but has little coherent and slap to their children. • This call Authoritarian parenting.
    • RECOMMENDATION 1. Parent should concern about their children needed. 2. Parent also should choose the best way to nurturing their children in order to make sure their children will respect them. 3. They also have to be alert with their children behavioural. 4. Parent should take care about their children activity. 5. Parent should be the best as a role model to their children. 6. They also have to treat their children like a friend in order to make their children feel comfortable when talk about their problem. 7. Parent also have to spend time to hear the children problem.