Software piracy

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Software piracy

  1. 1. SOFTWARE PIRACY http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/TERM PAPER PRESENTATION BY ASHRAF UDDIN South Asian University(Master of Computer Applications)http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Monday, April 23, 201223 April 2012
  2. 2. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT? LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  3. 3. ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY copying and using commercial software purchased by someone else. One purchase software, he is actually purchasing a license to use it, not the actual software. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ loaning CDs, downloading or distributing pirated software from the Internet, or buying a single software program and then installing it -copyright infringement => software piracy
  4. 4. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/A COMMON VIEW
  5. 5. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/
  6. 6. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  7. 7. HISTORY OF SOFTWARE PIRACY The history of software piracy dates back almost to the invention of the consumer computer itself, MITS’ altair 8800 by Ed Roberts in 1975. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Bill Gates and Paul Allen persuaded Roberts to license BASIC, a programming language from them. They used to invite people to see the low priced computer running various programs. Someone then borrowed one of the paper tapes lying around.
  8. 8. FIRST SOFTWARE PIRACY Homebrew member Dan Sokol ; after somehow obtaining a pre-market tape of the interpreter, he made 25 copies and distributed http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ them at the next Homebrew meeting, urging recipients to make more copies. Gates responded in 1976 with a strongly worded Open Letter to Hobbyists that accused the copiers of theft and declared that he could not continue developing computer software that people did not pay for.
  9. 9. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  10. 10. TYPES OF SOFTWARE PIRACY 1. Soft Lifting http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ 2. Hard Disk Loading 3. Renting 4. OEM Unbundling 5. Counterfeiting 6. Online Piracy
  11. 11. TYPES CONTINUED 1. Soft Lifting means sharing a program with someone who is not http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ authorized by the license agreement to use it. Also known as soft loading. A common form of soft lifting involves purchasing a single licensed copy of software and then loading the software onto several computers
  12. 12. TYPES CONTINUED 2. Hard Disk Loading Often committed by hardware dealers http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ this form of piracy involves loading an unauthorized copy of software onto a computer being sold to the end user. To attract customers
  13. 13. TYPES CONTINUED 3. Renting Renting involves someone renting out a copy of software http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ for temporary use, without the permission of the copyright holder. The practice, similar to that of renting a video from Blockbuster, violates the license agreement of software.
  14. 14. TYPES CONTINUED 4. OEM Unbundling means selling stand-alone software originally meant to be http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ included with a specific accompanying product. An example of this form of piracy is someone providing drivers to a specific printer without authorization.
  15. 15. TYPES CONTINUED 5. Counterfeiting means producing fake copies of software, making it look http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ authentic. This involves providing the box, CDs, and manuals, all designed to look as much like the original product as possible.
  16. 16. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/
  17. 17. TYPES CONTINUED 6. Online Piracy http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ The fastest-growing form of piracy is Internet piracy. there are hundreds of thousands of "warez" sites providing unlimited downloads to any user.
  18. 18. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  19. 19. WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? Expensive Availability Not convenient to buy for each computer http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Ask to buy new version although having original one The CD/backup damaged…  Buy another!! Ridiculous!!
  20. 20. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  21. 21. EFFECTS ON USERS 1. Lower productivity 2. Malware Infection http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ 3. Subject to raid 4. Unusual sufferings
  22. 22. EFFECTS ON USERS…………1. Lower productivity http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ that pirated software often includes incomplete or damaged programs
  23. 23. EFFECTS ON USERS…………2. Malware Infection http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Pirated software can also include computer viruses (malware) which can destroy data on a user’s hard drive. “Computer viruses can have a devastating impact on any computer user -- from the home user to a large business,
  24. 24. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/
  25. 25. EFFECTS ON USERS…………3. Subject to raid http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Companies can also be subject to raids by the SIIA (Software & Information Industry Association). An informant can initiate the process.
  26. 26. EFFECTS ON USERS…………4. Unusual sufferings http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ copy protection can create a nightmare for users. Most users hate dongles for a variety of reasons. Dongles can be troublesome to install and use since they often require a special hardware driver for dongles. each protected program requires an additional dongle, which causes an unwieldy “pile” of connected dongles on the back of the PC.
  27. 27. EFFECTS ON USERS………… Others Usually no manuals. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ No access to support in many cases. No access to bug fixes and maintenance releases.
  28. 28. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  29. 29. EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS Software pirates can destroy the revenue stream of small companies. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ these small companies often become economically unstable. No initiative for new software development program.
  30. 30. Asia Pacific Piracy rate and Revenue LossesOverall piracy rate increased slightly but software revenue losses grew 44 percent last year**Source: Business Software Alliance & IDC Asia Pacific 2006 2005 Country Piracy rate (%) Revenue Losses ($M) Piracy rate (%) Revenue Losses ($M) Australia 29 515 31 361 China 82 5429 86 3884 http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Hong Kong 53 180 54 112 India 71 1275 72 566 Indonesia 85 350 87 280 Japan 25 1781 28 1621 Malaysia 60 289 60 149 New Zealand 22 49 23 30 Pakistan 86 143 86 48 Philippines 71 119 71 76 Singapore 39 125 40 86 South Korea 45 440 46 400 Taiwan 41 182 43 111 Thailand 80 421 80 259 Vietnam 88 96 90 38 Others 86 202 82 29 Total 55 11596 54 8050
  31. 31. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/
  32. 32. ?????? Can a developer be beneficiary of software piracy? http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/
  33. 33. CAN A DEVELOPER BE BENEFICIARY OF SOFTWARE PIRACY?YES. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Indirectly piracy makes manpower intelligent of using its software.The company feel comfortable to use their software because human resource is more available.
  34. 34. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  35. 35. REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH A study finds that reducing the piracy rate for PC software by 10 percentage points in four years would create $142 billion in new economic activity — more than http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ 80 percent accruing to local industries . while adding nearly 500,000 new high-tech jobs and generating roughly $32 billion in new tax revenues. [Source: “BSA and IDC Global Piracy Software Study,” Business Software Alliance & IDC, May 2010)]
  36. 36. SOFTWARE PIRACY: STATISTICS AND FACTSMore than one third of adult Internet users say they have downloadedcommercial software online without paying for all the copies they made.(Source: “Quantifying Online Downloading of Unlicensed Software –Survey of Internet Users,” IPSOS Public Affairs, May 2002) http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/25% of users who download software say they never pay for it.(Source: IPSOS, May 2002)Last year, piracy cost the software industry an estimated $11 billion.(Source: “2009 Global Software Piracy Report,” International Planningand Research Corp., June 2002)The loss to the economy has significant impact, including more than111,000 jobs lost, $5.6 billion in lost wages and more than $1.5 billion inlost tax revenue. (Source: “2001 State Software Piracy Study,”International Planning and Research Corp., October 2002)
  37. 37. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  38. 38. HOW TO REDUCE IT(1) 1. Increase Public Education and Awareness 2. Implement the WIPO Copyright Treaty http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ 3. Create Strong and Workable Enforcement Mechanisms as Required by TRIPS(trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights) 4. Step Up Enforcement with Dedicated Resources 5. Lead by example
  39. 39. HOW TO REDUCE IT(2) 1. Software Protection: Registration Codes 2. Online Activation http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ 3. Media Protection One popular method involves using custom software drivers to deny copying of the media. Other methods introduce random errors into the media so copying doesn’t work.
  40. 40. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  41. 41. LAWS & PENALTIES Additional installation, distribution, or reproduction of the software in ways that the license prohibits is a violation of http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ federal copyright law. Any person(s) practicing or participating in any of these illegal acts can be held liable. The laws varies over different regions. Generally punishment as fine up to a huge amount.
  42. 42. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/SOME ORGANIZATIONS
  43. 43. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  44. 44. RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER to purchase only legitimate software products. When buying software, it is necessary to be sure to get genuine disks, manuals and license documentation. When one purchases illegal or counterfeit copies, his http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ money goes straight into the pockets of software pirates . Buy from an authorized dealer Check the prices and ask for itemized quotations and receipts Call the software publisher
  45. 45. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  46. 46. COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES giving the creator of an original work, exclusive right to it. Generally, it is "the right to copy", but also gives the http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ copyright holder the right to be credited for the work, to determine who may adapt the work to other forms. It’s true that copyright’s ultimate beneficiary is the public. But the immediate beneficiary is creators.
  47. 47. OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE Why Be a Pirate? Use Open Source Software Instead http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Constraints  Quality  Not user friendly  Rapid change  Documentation  Lack of focus on UI
  48. 48. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  49. 49. THE FUTURE OF SP CD checks, serial numbers, dongles, although this technology decreases the rate of piracy, it does not inhibit it. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ With time any protection routine can be understood and defeated, they are by no means failsafe. No longer are developers keen to ship a completely standalone version of their flagship product. Instead, they are choosing a service-based, online model. The idea is simple. If the user never has the game in its entirety, it cannot be replicated or pirated.
  50. 50. KEY ITEMS ABOUT SOFTWARE PIRACY HISTORY TYPES http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ WHY SOFTWARE PIRACY? EFFECTS ON USERS EFFECTS ON DEVELOPERS REDUCING SP VS ECONOMIC GROWTH HOW TO REDUCE IT LAWS & PENALTIES RESPONCIBLITIES AS A USER COPYRIFGHT & BENIFICIARIES THE FUTURE OF SP CONCLUSION
  51. 51. CONCLUSION Software Piracy is immoral. Software piracy is theft of intellectual property. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ Developers invest time and money to develop a product and deserve to make a fair profit, so they can develop new products in future. the damage done to the industry and legitimate end users does not balance the few advantages that piracy does have.
  52. 52. REFERENCES [1]. Software Piracy Exposed BY Paul Craig, Ron Honick and Mark Burnettz, ISBN: 1-93226-698- 4 [2]. http://www.ed.uiuc.edu/wp/crime/piracy.htm [3]. http://www.bsa.org/country/Anti-Piracy/What-is-Software-Piracy.aspx [4]. The Effects of Software Piracy on Consumers and Software Developers By Adam Leinss  http://www.leinss.com/files/piracy.pdf http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/ [5]. http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~eroberts/cs181/projects/software-piracy/types.html [6]. 2010, Piracy impact Study: the economic benefits of reducing software piracy.  http://portal.bsa.org/piracyimpact2010/studies/piracyimpactstudy2010.pdf [7]. Effective Anti-Piracy Methods to employ in Software Development, Research Paper, EECS481 Software Engineering, The University of Michigan  http://nicj.net/files/effective_anti_piracy_methods_to_employ_in_software_development.pdf [8.] http://www.bw.edu/resources/infotech/pubs/software_piracy/ [9]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stop_Online_Piracy_Act [10]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PROTECT_IP_Act [11]. http://toostep.com/insight/software-piracy-and-the-law [12]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright [13]. http://www.copyhype.com/2011/05/who-benefits-from-copyright/
  53. 53. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/…………..…………..THANKS
  54. 54. http://ashrafsau.blogspot.in/QUESTION

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