NEW exhibition Geneva 2010

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Making Peace, a tribute to the global peace movement.Lake Geneva June 2010

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NEW exhibition Geneva 2010

  1. 1. INTERNATIONAL PEACE BUREAU Nobel Peace Prize 1910 - 2010 100th anniversary “MAKING PEACE“ A photographic exhibition dedicated to the global peace movement and the organisations and people - many of whom are based in Geneva - who work for a safer and more sustainable world. IMPORTANT: This event will mark the centenary of IPB’s Nobel Peace Prize. www.ipb.org International peace conference, exhibition and award Geneva, Switzerland. 17 June - 17 July 2010
  2. 2. • Established in 1891, IPB is the oldest international peace movement federation in the world. • Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1910 - 2010 will mark the centenary of IPB’s Nobel Peace Prize. • Thirteen of its officials have also been recipients of the Nobel Peace Prize, a total unequaled by any other organization. • IPB has United Nations ‘ICOSOC’ Consultative Status since 1977 and is the Secretariat for the NGO Committee for Disarmament (Geneva). • Federating 300+ member organizations in over 70 countries. • A long record of campaigning and public education on disarmament, peace and related issues. International Peace Bureau IPB board meeting, Bern, Switzerland 1899 The IPB is truly a global network, bringing together expertise and campaigning experience in a common cause.
  3. 3. The IPB was founded in 1891-92, as a result of consultations at the Universal Peace Congresses, large gatherings held annually to bring together the national peace societies that had gradually developed, mainly in Europe and North America, from the end of the Napoleonic Wars onwards. The representatives of the Peace Societies felt that the movement needed a permanent office to coordinate the activities of the national associations and to organise the Universal Peace Congresses. Thus was born the 'Permanent International Peace Bureau', as it was known ('Permanent' was later dropped from the title). The seat of the new organisation was Berne, the capital of neutral Switzerland. The first President of the IPB was the Dane Fredrik Bajer and its first Secretary-General the Swiss Elie Ducommun. Ducommun was later succeeded by another Swiss, Albert Gobat. Both of them, and Fredrik Bajer, won the Nobel Peace Prize. Another Nobel laureate was the colourful Austrian countess Bertha von Suttner, who was a friend of Alfred Nobel and encouraged him to establish the Peace Prize. She was the author of the celebrated book (and film) Lay Down your Arms! It should be noted that between 1901 and 1982 thirteen of IPB's officers individually received the Nobel Peace Prize, as well as the Bureau itself in 1910. During these early years the IPB was more or less the only international peace movement. It took positions, not only in favour of disarmament, but also on the various international conflicts of the day. Its basic ideological approach has been described as bourgeois pacifism, i.e. a heavy emphasis on the development of international law, disarmament and the peaceful settlement of conflicts. Von Suttner and others entered into dialogue with Tsar Nicholas II, urging him to establish an International Peace Conference, an idea that eventually came to fruition at The Hague in 1899 and 1907. IPB was active in promoting the idea of the establishment of a League of Nations and an International Court. Early years of the IPB
  4. 4. International peace conference Original headquarters of the League of Nations named after US President Woodrow Wilson and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, who played an important role in the establishment of the League of Nations during the 1919 Paris Peace Conference after World War I. Today the building houses the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). The IPB intends to organise an international conference entitled “Peace in the 21st Century“ to be held in the Palais Wilson in June 2010. This conference will bring together important Geneva based organisations (such as UNHCHR, ICRC, WILPF, WCC, ICBL, Green Cross…) as well as other NGO’s and IGO’s. Attended by numerous Nobel Peace Laureates, politicians and personalities including Michael Douglas and George Clooney, we hope to be able to screen the conference live to the Geneva public via an outside screen. Organised by the IPB, the conference will take a look back at the history of the peace movement, but more importantly discuss present challenges such as poverty, climate change and military spending and try to foresee (and find solutions to) growing threats to peace such as conflicts over energy and other natural resources; climate change and the spread of weapons. Palais Wilson, Geneva
  5. 5. Exhibition Quai Wilson June / July 2010 ‘MAKING PEACE’
  6. 6. Aim & message “It is possible to prevent the scourge of war and create a more just and peaceful future - if we are prepared to learn the lessons of history and apply proven peacemaking knowledge. “ Kofi A. Annan, Former Secretary-General of the United Nations and Nobel Peace Prize laureate 2001 This exhibition sets out to show - through photography and accompanying texts - why the global peace movement is important and how it has shaped the history of the modern world. The exhibition will also explain how the ideas of peace and non- violence have changed notably during the latter half of the 20th century; and how since the end of the Cold War regional conflicts and poverty have increased in importance especially in the developing world. Presenting the different ways in which civil society attempts to influence decisions, the exhibition will identify possible future areas of conflict, such as resource wars, and sketch out solutions that are being proposed. Whilst also mentioning the individual work of outstanding individuals such as Bertha von Suttner, Jane Addams, Simone Weil, Mahatma Gandhi, Bertrand Russell, Woodrow Wilson, Martin Luther King, Nelson Mandela, Mikhaïl Gorbachev, and more recent figures like Kofi Annan, Shirin Ebadi, Wangari Maathai, Al Gore and Muhammad Yunus, we hope that this exhibition will inspire the public to make their own contribution to peace and non-violence: sometimes the contribution of one person can make all the difference.
  7. 7. Presentation Whilst there will be photographs showing major events that have marked our history such as the fall of the Berlin Wall, it is not our intention to produce an exhibition that focuses upon the events themselves. Rather, the exhibition will focus upon ways in which civil society effectively works for peace. For example when describing the work of the American social reformer Jane Addams, we will also look at the history of the women’s peace movement and how it evolved to involve contemporary groups such as the ‘Code Pink’. Through the diverse content of the photographs we will see just how wide-ranging the peace movement really is; encompassing not only opposition to war and violence, but also wider themes such as human rights, social justice, racial equality, and climate change. Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague.It also markedthe establishment of the WomensIntern ational Leaguefor Peaceand Freedo (WILPF). Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague.It also markedthe establishment of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedo (WILPF). Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague. It also marked the establishment of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedo (WILPF).Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague. It also marked the establishment of the Womens International League forPeace and Freedo (WILPF).Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Womanin The Hague. It also marked the establishment of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedo (WILPF). Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague.It also markedthe establishment of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedo (WILPF). Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague. It also marked the establishment of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedo (WILPF). Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague.It also markedtheestablishment Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Woman in The Hague. It also marked the establishment of the Womens International League for Peace and Freedo (WILPF). Jane Addams and fellow delegates bisembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of 1915 Women’s Peace Movement Possible panel design
  8. 8. Foundation of the International Peace Bureau as a result of consultations at the Universal Peace Congresses. The Swiss politician Eli Ducommun as its first General Secretary. 1890 - 1900 1910 1920s 1915: Jane Addams and fellow delegates disembark from SS Noordham to attend the 1st International Congress of Women in The Hague. It also marked the establishment of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF). • Possible choice of photographs 1889 - 2010 First-ever series of nationwide people's movements of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience, led by Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress. Other subjects: • IPB awarded Nobel Peace Prize • US President Woodrow Wilson proposed 14 Points that formed the basis of the terms of the German surrender at the end of WWI • Versailles Peace Treaty established the League of Nations • Nie wieder Krieg movement, Germany • IPB organised Franco-German Congress • International Fellowship of Reconciliation (IFOR) • Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Frédéric Bajer, the first IPB president • Bertha von Suttner wrote: ‘Lay Down Your Arms’ • The Hague peace conventions • Scout movement is formed (Girl Guides 1910) • Geneva Protocol outlawing chemical warfare • Permanent Court of Justice established • War Resisters International (WRI) founded • Kerk en Vrede (Church and Peace): 1.5 million signatures against the Navy Law • German Deutsche Friedensgesellschaft (DFG) • Joint Peace Council appealed against conscription
  9. 9. Importance of a free press / how media coverage has contributed to peace. Photo: Robert Capa Spanish Civil War 1936. 1930s 1940s 1950s United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Photo:: United Nations' prisoner-of-war camp at Pusan, S Korea. • Geneva Conventions are signed • Danes resist German occupation • Norwegian teachers refuse to teach Nazi ideas • World War II ended • United Nation was formed • Emery Reeves wrote The Anatomy of Peace • Day and Maurin founded the Catholic Worker • Gandhi led the Salt March and gained rights for Untouchables • Maude Roydon proposed a Peace Army • 59 nations attended the UN disarmament conference • Martin Luther King led the Montgomery bus boycott and published ‘Stride Toward Freedom’ • UN achieved a cease-fire at the Suez Canal • Bertrand Russell organised Pugwash conferences • CND and SANE founded; peace symbol is created • UNHCR founded Other subjects: Racial equality / apartheid and the Freedom Charter “The rights of the people shall be the same, regardless of race, colour or sex“. Photo: Freedom Charter volunteers.
  10. 10. Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty signed. Photo French nuclear testing in the South Pacific. Millions demonstrate against the Vietnam War: Photo: Anti-war protests. 1960s 1970s 1980s Solidarity Union grew to 10 million in Poland. Photo: Lech Walesa, shipyard worker, became leader of the Solidarity Labour Union: He was later elected President of Poland by a 77.5%vote. Other subjects: • Americans leave Vietnam • United Nations 1st Special Session on Disarmament • President Carter brokers Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty • Strategic Arms Limitation Treaties • Greenpeace is formed: now 3 million supporters worldwide • 250’000 listen to Martin Luther King’s speech “I have a dream” • UN peacekeeping force intervene in the Congo • Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty signed • Cesar Chavez organised National Farm Workers Union, USA • U Thant and Bertrand Russell mediated the Cuban Missile Crisis • Desmond Tutu wins Nobel Peace Prize • Mikhail Gorbachev proposes ending the Nuclear Arms Race and implements Perestroika and Glasnost • Women’s protests at Greenham Common Airbase, UK •Thousands protest against nuclear testing in Nevada, USA • German Green Party is formed • Mayors for Peace established
  11. 11. 10 million protest against the invasion of Iraq; election of President Barack Obama brings new hope of peace. 1990s 2000 2010 - hopes for the future Middle East Peace Agreement: : establishment of a Palestinian State. UN Peacekeeping missions in Africa (Angola, Congo, Liberia, Rwanda), Central America (Haiti), Asia (Cambodia), Europe (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Middle-East (Kuwait). • UN Millennium Development Goals signed • LIVE 8 concert and ‘Make Poverty History’ campaign • United for Peace and Justice (US national peace coalition) founded • President Obama’s Nuclear Free World speech • End of Apartheid in South Africa • Fall of the Berlin Wall • UN Peace efforts in Somalia • Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro • World Social Forums are founded • Oslo Accords • ICJ outlaws nuclear weapons and the Nuclear Weapons Convention is signed • Iran and N Korea dismantle their nuclear programmes • IPB Disarmament for Development global advertising campaign • US forces leave Iraq • UN mediates for peace in Darfur Other subjects:
  12. 12. School syllabus In collaboration with partners such as the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), the Peace History Society (PHS), USA and Geneva University an educational syllabus will be produced that will explore the many different themes, people and events mentioned in the exhibition ‘Making Peace’. The syllabus will be initially translated into English, French and German and posted to an online website , so that teachers can prepare their class prior to visiting the exhibition. In collaboration with the United Nations online educational website ‘Cyberschoolbus.un’ and Peace Kids.org the IPB intends to organise an international student competition, whereupon students will be asked to write an essay about their interpretation of peace. Entries will be judged by a jury including a Nobel laureate for literature with the chosen author being invited to spend a week in Geneva. 1915 Women’s Peace Movement
  13. 13. Special photo award for ‘peace’ The IPB also hopes to launch a special award for photographers and filmmakers who through their work have made a special contribution to peace. The award will not be judged so much by the quality of the work itself, although this will be a criterion, but by how the material has been actively used i.e. the manner in which it has been presented and distributed, to bring public and political awareness to social issues such as poverty, violence, pollution, injustice, human rights, discrimination, and war. A good example is the British photographer Sean Sutton. Working for the Mines Advisory Group, MAG, a British based NGO, his work - shown through publicity, exhibitions and books- has made a major contribution to informing and mobilizing the public against the awful consequences that antipersonnel mines and unexploded ordnance have on communities around the globe. Selected by an international panel of judges comprising personalities and professionals both from the media, advertising and NGO community, the award will be presented every two years in Geneva.
  14. 14. Possible supporting organisations & sponsors Woman's International League for Peace and Freedom WILPF www.wilpf.org Mayors for Peace www.mayorsforpeace.org International Committee of the Red Cross www.icrc.org United Nations High Commission for Human Rights www.unhchr.org World Council of Churches www.oikoumene.org Green Cross www.gci.ch
  15. 15. Thank you
  16. 16. • Mr Ashley Woods Project Manager T: +33-676-499-840 mail@ashleywoods.com • Mr Colin Archer IPB General Secretary T: +41-22-731-6429 F: +41-22-738-9419 secgen@ipb.org International Peace Bureau 41, Rue de Zurich 1201 Geneva Switzerland. www.ipb.org

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