Pronouns take the place of nouns in a sentence. We can make pronouns agree in three ways: number, gender, and person. Pronouns can refer to a specific noun, refer to a nonspecific noun, refer to the subject, or emphasize a noun. Pronouns
Incorrect: Mrs. Johnson stood at Mrs. Johnson’s classroom door and greeted Mrs. Johnson’s first period students as Mrs. Johnson’s students walked into class. Correct: Mrs. Johnson stood at her classroom door and greeted her first period students as they walked into class. We would sound silly without pronouns.
Personal pronouns are separated into points of view by person: first, second, and third. First person is used when you want to include yourself in the action: I, me, we, and us. Second person is the person listening to or watching the action: you. Third person includes everybody else but you: he, she, her, him, it, they, and them. Personal Pronouns
Subject pronouns are used as the subject of a sentence. Subject Pronouns I like dogs. We went to school. He is my friend.
Personal pronouns are called object pronouns when they are used as the person or thing receiving the action of a sentence. Object Pronouns He likes me. I walked him home. Look at them!
Possessive pronouns show to whom something belongs. Possessive Pronouns The book is mine. The dog is ours. Is that yours?
Indefinite pronouns identify a nonspecific person or thing in a sentence: any, every, some, and no. Indefinite Pronouns Do you need anything? Both of us passed the test. All were relieved the class was over.
There are four demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, and those. Demonstrative pronouns can function as either the subject or object of a sentence. Demonstrative pronouns are determined by the number and distance of the thing(s) you are referring to. Demonstrative Pronouns That is too bad. Those are pretty.
Reflexive and intensive pronouns end in self and selves: myself, yourself, himself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves. Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject and object are the same: She had to drag herself out of bed to get to class on time. Intensive pronouns are used to emphasize the subject of a sentence: Mary herself made dinner reservations. Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
Identify and label the pronouns in the sentence. It looks like everybody is going on the trip. Something was bothering him, but no one knew what it was. Is this pair of jeans yours or mine? Those used to be Jane’s, but now they are mine. She gave them to me. Let’s Practice!
It looks like everybody is going on the trip. personal, indefinite Something was bothering him, but no one knew what it was. Indefinite, personal, indefinite, personal Is this pair of jeans yours or mine? possessive, possessive Those used to be Jane’s, but now they are mine. She gave them to me. demonstrative, personal, possessive, personal, personal, personal How did you do?